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CPM ...............................................25
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ii


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49CFR192 ............................................... 10
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49CFR192.939 ....................................... 34

iii

iv


1962
1968
Office of Pipeline SafetyOPS

American Society of Mechanical EngineersASME
ASME B31.4 B31.8

Code of
Federal RegulationsCFR Title 49
Department of TransportationDOT
Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety
AdministrationPHMSA OPS
49
Chapter ISubchapters ABCD
Subchapter A

Subchapter B
Subchapter C

Subchapter D
Parts 190 ~ 195 6 Part49CFR190
49CFR191 49CFR192
49CFR193
49CFR194 49CFR195 CO2

49CFR192
49CFR195

(US DOT)
/

49 CFR 192

49 CFR 195

B
C
D
E
F
G
H()
I

J
K()
,
L

M
N

A
B, ,
ASME B31.4()ASME B31.8()
API 5LAPI Std. 1104
BS PD 8010-1

ASME B31.4()ASME B31.8()

ASME B31.4()ASME B31.8() NACE


35100NACE SP0102NACE SP0207NACE
SP0169NACE SP0204NACE SP0502

E
F
G

195.450

195.452

ASME B31.4()ASME B31.8()


API Std. 570
API RP 1110API 1130API 1168
API RP 1165API RP 1162API 1166
API RP 1161API Std. 1163
ASME B31.8S ()API 1160 ()
ASME B31GAPI RP 579
BS PD 8010-3CSA Z662
NACE SP0113

American National Standards InstituteANSI


ASMEAmerican Petroleum
Institute API National Association of
Corrosion EngineersNACEStandards New
Standards Australia
Zealand NZS
AS) British Standards

European
InstitutionBSI BS
Committee for StandardizationCENCanadian
Standards Association CSA
Institution of Gas Engineers & ManagersIGEM
IGE

()
1. ANSI/ASME B31.4
Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons
and Other Liquids
2. ANSI/ASME B31.8 Gas
Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems
3. ANSI/ASME B31.12 Hydrogen Piping
and Pipelines
4. ASME IX Boiler and Pressure
Vessel Code Section IX
5. API Std. 5T1 Standard on Imperfection
Terminology
6. API Spec. 5L Specification for Line Pipe
7. API Spec. 6D Specification for Pipeline
Valves
8. API Std. 1104 Welding of
Pipelines and Related Facilities
9. BS EN 14161
Petroleum and natural gas industries. Pipeline
transportation systems
10. BS EN 1594 16 bar
Gas supply systems. Pipelines for
maximum operating pressure over 16 bar. Functional
requirements
11. BS PD 8010 Part 1 Code
of practice for pipelines. Steel pipelines on land
12. EN ISO 9606 Qualification testing of
welders
13. ISO 15614
Specification and qualification of welding procedures for
metallic materials -- Welding procedure test
14. NZS/AS 2885.12012
Pipelines - Gas and liquid petroleum - Design and
construction
15. NZS 52231987 Code of
Practice for High Pressure Gas and Petroleum Liquids
Pipelines Part 1High Pressure Gas Pipelines
3

()
1. NACE SP0102 In-Line Inspection
of Pipelines
2. NACE 35100 In-Line Inspection
of Pipelines ( NACE SP0102
)
3. NACE SP0169
Control of External Corrosion on Underground or
Submerged Metallic Piping Systems
4. NACE SP0204 Stress
Corrosion CrackingSCCDirect Assessment
Methodology
5. NACE SP0207 Performing Close-Interval
Potential Surveys and DC Surface Potential Gradient
Surveys on Buried or Submerged Metallic Pipelines
6. NACE SP0502
Pipeline External Corrosion Direct Assessment
Methodology
()
1. API Std. 570
Piping Inspection Code In-Service
Inspection Rating Repair and Alteration of Piping
Systems
2. API Std. 1104
Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities
3. API Std. 1163 In-line Inspection
Systems Qualification
4. API RP 1110
Recommended Practice for the Pressure Testing of Steel
Pipelines for the Transportation of GasPetroleum Gas
Hazardous LiquidsHighly Volatile Liquidsor Carbon
Dioxide
5. API RP 1161
Recommended Practice for Pipeline Operator Qualification
OQ

6. API RP 1162 Public


Awareness Programs for Pipeline Operators
7. API RP 1165
Recommended Practice for Pipeline Supervisory Control
and Data AcquisitionSCADADisplays
8. API 1130 Computational Pipeline
Monitoring for Liquids
9. API 1166 Excavation Monitoring and
Observation
10. API 1168 Pipeline Control Room
Management
11. API Publ. 1149
Pipeline Variable Uncertainties and Their Effects on
Leak Detectability
12. AS/NZS 2885.5 Part 5
Pipeline Gas and Liquid Petroleum. Part 5
Field Pressure Test
()
1. ASME B31.8S
Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines
2. ASME B31G
Manual for Determining the Remaining Strength of
Corroded Pipelines
3. API RP 1160
Managing System Integrity for Hazardous Liquid
Pipelines
4. API RP 579 Fitness-For-Service
5. BS PD 8010-3 Code of Practice for
pipelines Part 3Steel Pipelines on Land Guide to the
Application of Pipeline Risk Assessment to Proposed
Developments in the Vicinity of Major Accident Hazard
Pipelines containing Flammables Supplement to PD 8010
12004
6. CEN/TS 151732006 -
Gas Supply Systems - Frame of
Reference regarding Pipeline Integrity Management System
PIMS
5

7. CSA Z662 Oil & Gas Pipeline


Systems
8. IGE/TD/1 Steel Pipelines for High
Pressure Gas Gransmission
9. NACE SP0113 Pipeline
Integrity Method Selection

/
...

1.
2.
3.
4.

()
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

()

()

()

1.

2.

3.
4.
5.

Hoop Stress
Yield Stress 20%

1.
2.
3.

()
1. New Pipe
1

3 API 5L

4 API 5L

49CFR192

API 5L

API Specification for Line Pipe


API
Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel
ASTM
Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated,
A53/A53M
Welded and Seamless
Standard Specification for Seamless
ASTM A106 Carbon Steel Pipe for High

Temperature Service
Standard Specification for Seamless
ASTM
and Welded Steel Pipe for Low

A333/A333M
Temperature Service
Standard Specification for Metal-Arc
ASTM A381 Welded Steel Pipe for Use with High (Steel pipe)

Pressure Transmission Systems


Standard Specification for ElectricASTM A671 Fusion-Welded Pipe for Atmospheric
and Lower Temperatures
Standard Specification for ElectricFusion-Welded Steel Pipe for HighASTM A672

Pressure Service at Moderate


Temperatures
Standard Specification for Carbon and

Alloy Steel Pipe, Electric-FusionASTM A691


Welded for High Pressure Service at
High Temperatures
Standard Specification for
ASTM D2513Thermoplastic Gas Pressure Pipe,

99
Tubing, and Fittings
(Thermoplastic
Standard Specification for Reinforced
pipe and tubing)
ASTM D2517 Epoxy Resin Gas Pressure Pipe and
Fittings

2. Used Pipe
1
2

3
4 API 5L

()
1.
1
10


2
3

A.
B.
2.
1

2
3
4
5
6 3

()

1.
1

3 4

2. ()
1
2

11

US Code 49CFR19249CFR195
ANSI/ASME B31.4ANSI/ASME B31.8
2
A.Buckles
B.

C.
()
1 4

A.
B.

2
Die-stamped
3

4
A.
B.


()

12

P = (2 S t / D) F E T + C.A.

P =
S =
D =
t =
F =
E = (Electric Resistance WeldedERW)

T =
C.A =

1.
2.

3.
1 49CFR195.106
ANSI/ASME B31.4
A. ANSI/ASME B31.4
F = 0.72
B. F = 0.72 0.75 = 0.54
2 49CFR192.105
F = 0.72 ~ 0.4
ANSI/ASME B31.8 F = 0.8 ~
0.4
13

4.

1 APL 5L 200 1

E = 1
2 ANSI/ASME B31.3
E = 0.85
100% RT E = 1
5.

900F482
600F316 1
75
6. ANSI/ASME B31.4

()

1.
API 6D
-

2
14

1.5
2.
API 6D

3.

4. API

5. Computational Pipeline
MonitoringCPM API 1130

()
API 1104ASME
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section IX
ISO 15614
1. API 1104ASME Section IX
EN ISO 9606
2.

20%
API 1104
3. Trepanning

1
2

15

()

()

20

()


20

16

()
() 30 cm
() Low Density
PolyethyleneLDPE 0.15 mm

ooo xxxxx
45 mm X 35 mm

() 30 cm
Controlled Low Strength MaterialCLSM

ANSI/ASME B31.4 49CFR195 Subpart E


ANSI/ASME B31.8 49CFR192
Subpart J

125% 4
4
110%

17

()
()

15

()
1.
2.
3.

18

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

()

1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

()

19

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.
10.
11.
1.


()

1.
2.

3.
4.

Highly Volatile LiquidHVL

20

5.

() 15
1.
2.

()

()
1.
2.
3.
4.

() 3
1.
2.

()
1.
2.
3.

1
2


()

1.

2.

80%12
14 kg/cm2200 p.s.i.

21

3.
4.
5.

80%

80%
4
80%

() 110%


()

()
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.


()

1.

2.

3.

2.54 (1 )
0.64 (1/4 )

22

()

()
26 3

()
5
()

()
() 7.5
()


()
()

15
7.5


()

()
()
()

23


()

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

()

()

()

()
()

()
1.
2.

3.
4.

5.
6.

7.

24

CPM
CPM API 1130

()
1.
2.

3.
4.

()

1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

API RP 1165
API RP 1165

15
15

API RP 1168 Sec. 5

()
25


1.
2.
3.
4.

()

1.
2.

3.
4.
5.

6.

15

15

15

()

1.

2.

API 1168
Sec. 7

()

26

1.

2.

()
15

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

()
()

1.
2.

27

()
()
()
()
()

1 ~3

28


()

()

() -

10000 m23
PolyethylenePE
100000 m2
()

Active Current Voltage GradientACVG


Direct
Current Voltage GradientDCVG

()

()
2
() 2 2
1

()

()
29


()

()

()

30

()
()

()

()
()
()
()

ANSI/ASME B31.8SAPI RP
1160

()

()

31


()
()
()


()
()
()

()

()

()
()
()
()
()
()
()

()

()
1.
2.
3.
()
1.

32

2.
()

1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
()

33

()

49CFR192.939

50%
30%
50%

30%

10

15

20

7 +

1.

1 7

A. 4
B. 18

2.

34

1
2
3

()
68

35