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# Examples

#1

Find the simple interest, If

1. P = Rs.1000, R = 20% per annum, T = 4 years.

2. P = Rs.600, R = 5% per annum, T = 4 months.

3. P = Rs.200, R = 6% per six months, T = 3 years.

4. P = Rs.500, R = 2% per six months, T = 5/2 years.

5. P = Rs.400, R = 3% per three months, T = 2 months.

6. P = Rs.730, R = 10% per annum, T = 120 days.

7. P = Rs. 3000, R = 61/4 per annum, T = period from 4th Feb to 18th Apr.

# Solution

1. 42010 800

2. 25 = 10

By Ramandeep Singh

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3. 6232 = 72

4. 525=50

5. 42=8

6. 73/3=24

By Ramandeep Singh

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7. 37.50

#2

Find the following:

1. P = Rs. 100, R = 3% per annum, T = 2 year, A= ?

2. P = Rs. 500, R = 6% per annum, T = 4 months, A= ?

3. P = Rs. 400, R = 3.65% per annum, T = 150 days, A= ?

4. A = Rs. 540, S.I = Rs. 108 , R = 5%, T = ?

5. A = Rs. 1,120, R = 5%, T = 22/5 yr, S.I = ?

# Solution:

1. S.I = 6 ; A = S.I + principal ; A = 6 + 100 106

By Ramandeep Singh

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3. S.I = 6 ; A = 400 + 6 406

4. T = 5 yr.

By Ramandeep Singh

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5. 120

#3

1. A sum of money lent out at simple interest amounts to Rs. 720 after 2 years and to

Rs. 1020 after a further period of 5 years. Find the sum and the rate %.

2. Adam borrowed some money at the rate of 6% p.a. for the first two years, at the

rate of 9% p.a. for the next three years, and at the rate of 14% p.a. for the period

beyond five years. If he pays a total interest of Rs. 11,400 at the end of nine years ,

how much money did he borrow ?(Bank P.O 1999)

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3. A person borrows Rs. 5000 for 2 years at 4% p.a. simple interest. He immediately

lends it to another person at 61/4% p.a. for 2 years. Find his gain in the transaction

per year.(S.S.C.2000)

4. A certain sum of money amounts to Rs. 1008 in 2 years and to Rs. 1164 in 31/2

years.Find the sum and the rate of interest?

5. The simple interest on a certain sum of money for 21/2 years at 12% per annum is

Rs. 40 less than the simple interest on the same sum for 31/2 years at 10%

per annum. Find the sum.

# Solution

1. Principal = 600, R = 10%

2. 12000

By Ramandeep Singh

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3. 112.50

By Ramandeep Singh

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5.

7x

# COMPOUND INTEREST

By Ramandeep Singh

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# Formulas

Amount after 't' years A = P [1+ r/n100]nt

n= no of compounding per year

When interest is compounded half yearly, n = 2

compounded quarterly, n = 4

compounded monthly, n = 12

Case 2. When rate % is no equal every year and interest is compounded yearly

Basic formula :

P [1+ r/100] [1+ r/100] ...upto 't' times

By Ramandeep Singh

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Where R1 = Rate% p.a. for t1 years. and R2 = Rate % p.a. for t2 years.

Case 3 When interest is compounded yearly but time is in fraction

T = 53/4 years

A= (whole part) (fraction part of time )

A = P [1+ r/100]5 [1+ 3r/4/100]

CI - SI = P [ R/100 ]2

When time t = 3 years

CI - SI = P [ (R/1003 +3 (R/100)2]

# Examples

#1

If the compound interest on a certain sum for two years at 10% p.a. is Rs 2,100

the simple interest on it at the same rate for two years will be. ( RRB, 2009)

The compound interest on a sum for 2 years is Rs. 832 and the simple interest on

the same sum for the same period is Rs. 800. The difference between the

compound and simple interest for 3 years will be.

The difference between simple interest and compound interest on a sum for 2

years at 8% when the interest is compounded annually is Rs. 16, if the interest

were compounded half yearly, the difference in one interest would be nearly.

The difference in C.I and S.I for 2 years on a sum of money is Rs. 160.If the S.I for

2 years be Rs. 2880, the rate of percent is .

# Solution

By Ramandeep Singh

Page 10

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1. 2000

2. 98.56

3. 04

By Ramandeep Singh

Page 11

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4.

By Ramandeep Singh

Page 12

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