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School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry

Mapua Institute of Technology


Chemical Engineering Laboratory 1

COMPUTATION

T = 30°C
ρ = 1000 kg/m3
D = 2.067 in = 0.0525 m
µ = 0.8 cP = 0.0008 kg/m·s
ε = 5x10-3 ft = 0.001524 m
t = 1 min.
Rm = 4.6 cmHg
L = 274.5 cm = 2.745 m

Vcollected = Vfinal -Vinitial = 315 – 217 = 98 L

Vflowrate = 0.00163 m3/s

U = Vflowrate/S = 0.00163 m3/s / (п/4)(0.0525 m) = 0.75 m/s

NRe = Dvρ/µ = (0.0525 m)(0.75 m/s)(1000 kg/m3) / 0.0008 kg/m·s = 49218.7 [turbulent]

R = ε/D = 0.001524 m / 0.0525 m = 0.029

1/√f = -4 log [0.27 ε/D + (7/NRe)0.9]


= -4 log [0.27(0.029) +(7/49218.7)0.9]
f = 0.0143

F = -∆P/P = Rm[(sgHg/sgH2O – 1)(g/gc)]


= (4.6 cmHg)(1m/100 cm)[(13.534/1 – 1)(9.81 m/s2 / 1 kg·m/s2 / N)]
F = 5.66 N·m / kg

F = (2fµ2L) / (gcD)
f = (FgcD) / (2µ2L)
= [(5.66 N·m / kg)(1 kg·m/s2 / N)(0.0525 m)] / 2(0.75 m/s)2(2.745 m)
f = 0.096

% error = (0.0143 - 0.096) / (0.0143) x 100


= 571.32 %
School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry
Mapua Institute of Technology
Chemical Engineering Laboratory 1

INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

We started the experiment by measuring the length of the pipe considered and we

determined its physical properties, which is necessary in order to computer the friction

factor. After recording, the gate valve was turned and water flows through the pipe for 1

minute before shutting its source in the volumetric tank. The manometer was read as well

as the water gauge. The flow of water was found out to be turbulent which is obvious

because of its behavior in the pipe. The theoretical Fanning friction factor was computed

and compared with the experimental Fanning friction factor computed from the measured

quantities recorded. The error was extremely high because of inconsistency of the

equipment set-up.
School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry
Mapua Institute of Technology
Chemical Engineering Laboratory 1

CONCLUSION

• The theoretical friction factor is 0.0143, while the experimental friction factor is
0.096.

• Reynolds number computed showed that the water was turbulent and the relative
roughness of the pipe was 0.029.