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CIE5144

Stability of Structures
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Introduction
Spring systems
Euler beam
Frames
Computer methods
Torsional buckling
Lateral buckling

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 1

Examination CIE5144
Exercise 1: frame structure (Chapter 4/5)
Exercise 2: other analysis (theoretical part)
Oral exam about the exercises
Individual or in group of two students
Deadline for handing in assignments: August 30, 2015

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 2

Nonlinear frame analysis


Linear approximation model
Geometrically nonlinear rigid-plastic behaviour
Frame analysis according to the regulations

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 3

Linear approximation model

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Fixed-end member

Approximation model
Single dof

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 5

Fixed-end member

Approximation model
Two dofs

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 6

Linear approximation model


1. Evaluate normal forces (linear)
2. Define n degrees of freedom
3. Determine nonlinear load due to rotations
4. Compute second order deformations (linear*n)
5. Find determinant upper bound load
6. Evaluate buckling mode
7. Compute lower bound

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 7

Simple frame
Single dof

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 8

Simple frame
Two dofs

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 9

Simple frame: buckling shapes

1 dof

2 dofs

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actual

Lower bound approximation

with

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Lower bound approximation

with

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Lower bound approximation

with

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Lower bound approximation

with

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Lower bound approximation


Summary of results:

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Two-storey frame

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 16

Arch structure

Geometry

Rotations

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Linear approximation model


1. Evaluate normal forces (linear)
2. Define n degrees of freedom
3. Determine nonlinear load due to rotations
4. Compute second order deformations (linear*n)
5. Find determinant upper bound load
6. Evaluate buckling mode
7. Compute lower bound

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 18

Arch structure
Nonlinear load on
arbitrary rocker member

Nonlinear load on
arch structure

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 19

Arch structure

Critical buckling mode

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 20

Girder frame

Geometry

Buckling mode

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 21

Nonlinear frame analysis


Linear approximation model
Geometrically nonlinear rigid-plastic behaviour
Frame analysis according to the regulations

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 22

Rigid-plastic fixed-end member

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Rigid-plastic analysis of simple frame

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Frame with 1st and 2nd order displacements

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Second order virtual work procedure

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Second order virtual work procedure

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Nonlinear frame analysis


Linear approximation model
Geometrically nonlinear rigid-plastic behaviour
Frame analysis according to the regulations

CIE5144, chapter 4 - 28

Regulations for second order check of column

Check:
Steel:
Concrete:
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Regulations for second order frame analysis

Initial leaning imperfection:


Rotation spring stiffness:
CIE5144, chapter 4 - 30

Regulations

Nomograms for determining Lb

braced

unbraced

kA

kB

Lb

0.5L

0.7 L

2L

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Final check of column


After determining Lb

Steel, nonlinear check:


Concrete, linear check with:

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Braced structure

Mp

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Braced structure

3F

Mp

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Redistribution of bending moments

In regulations:

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