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LOCAL STUDIES

SELF ESTEEM
1. Lccs
Table 3a showed that there is no significant difference between the relationship
of selfesteem and health-related behavior when grouped according to males and females.
It implied that
when it comes to the variable gender, the relationship of self-esteem and health
related behaviors
of males and females are not significantly different from one another.

A previous research supported the study that there is no significant difference


between
self-esteem and health related behaviors of males and females, because gender
does not moderate
the relationship between the self-esteem and health-related behaviors (Stress
and Gender in
relation to Self-esteem of University Business students, 2011). This study in
contradictory to
some researches in which the relationship of self-esteem and health-related
behaviors of males
and females shown that there was a statistically significant difference with one
another, which
shows that males scored significantly higher level of self-esteem than females
(Self-esteem and
optimism in rural youth: Gender differences, 2010).

The researchers utilized a descriptive correlation quantitative design. Respondents


of this
study include high-school students from both private and public schools. Four
hundred (400)

students are included in the study, 165 of them are from private schools and 235
are from public
schools. The researchers used the Rosenbergs Self-Esteem Scale and YRBSS tool as
their guide
in assessing the level of self-esteem and the health-related behaviors of the
respondents
respectively. Coefficient was used to determine the relationship of self-esteem and
health-related
behaviors along with the variables.

Almogela. L., Cacapit, Z., Caldito, R., Corpuz, A., Domede, K., Fajardo, C.,
Garcia, M., Lacap, J., Magsingit, C., Mangaoang, K., Pasiliao, F., Sayson, J.,
Cacanindin, C.,
Saint Louis University School of Nursing
2013

Ukeh, M., Aloh, P., & Kwahar, N. (2011). STRESS AND GENDER IN RELATION TO SELFESTEEM OF UNIVERSITY BUSINESS STUDENTS. Retrieved from
http://www.ajol.info/index.php/gab/journal/view/67471

2. Self-Esteem and its Correlates among University


Freshmen Biotechnology Major
Melanio T. Olea*1, Merlene M. Bernal2 and Rogelio M. Hernandez3
Biotechnology Department, College of Arts and Sciences*1, OVPRES1 2, OPIAS3
Rizal Technological University, Mandaluyong City, Philippines
*Corresponding address: mel_ole@hotmail.com
Both the male and female student respondents showed positive perception
of their selfesteem.
A self-administered survey that rates the level of self-esteem using the
Rosenberg Self-Esteem Test

(Rosenberg, 1985) was used. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale Test was used
because it is being
referred to as generally the standard tool against which other
measures of self-esteem are
compared. It is composed of 10 questions and scored using the four-point
response scale, ranging
from strongly disagree to strongly agree. Blascovitch and Tanaka (1991)
reported that the items
included in the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Test are face valid, scale is short and
easy. In addition, the
year 2012
]

PERCEIVED STRESS
1. Stress, Stressors, and Stress
Responses of Student Nurses
in a Government Nursing
School
Leodoro Jabien Labrague
Associate Dean, College of Nursing & Health
Sciences,
Samar State University, Philippines

Perceived stress scale (PSS)


To examine nursing students stress levels
and
types of stressors, the PSS was
utilized. This
instrument was developed by Sheu et
al. It is a

five-point Likert-type scale that consists


of 29
items grouped into six factors, labeled
as follows:
Stress from taking care of patients (8
items),
Stress from teachers and nursing staff
(6 items),
Stress from assignments and workload (5
items),
Stress from peers and daily life (4
items), Stress
from lack of professional knowledge and
skills (3
items), and Stress from clinical
environment (3
items). Each item is rated on a fivepoint Likert
scale (0=never, 1=almost never,
2=sometimes,
3=fairly often and 4=very often).
Usually, both
total scores and individual subscale
scores are

measured. Higher scores indicate higher


level of
stress. To determine the level of stress,
the
following scaling was used; 2.67 4.00
for High
Stress, 1.34 2.66 for Moderate Stress,
and 0
1.33 for Low Stress.
This study investigated the level of stress,
stressors, and physio-psycho-social responses to
stress among Filipino student nurses in a
government nursing school. Result of this
investigation has demonstrated that perceived
level of stress in Filipino student nurses was
considered as moderate stress. This finding is in
keeping with the results obtained by previous
authors.
12, 21, 29
However, in a study conducted
among Greek student nurses stress level was mild.
35
Stress in minimal amount can be beneficial on
the persons wellbeing30
especially when faced
with challenge and responsibility,
11
however
extension to or below these stress or excitement
levels can harm to the individual when exposure is
chronic. Findings of this study calls for a greater
challenge for nurse educators in planning
strategies to prevent recurrence of stress among
students while keeping them motivated to
achieve for a greater learning.
2.
A Pilot Study Quantifying Filipino Nurses Perception of Stress

Elizabeth M. Andal
California State University, Bakersfield
2006
Instrument
The Expanded Nursing Stress Scale (ENSS) was
used in this study. See French, Lenton, Walters,
and Eyles (2000) for reliability and validity data.
The Expanded Nursing Stress Scale
questionnaire was used in this study. The scale is
designed to measure nurse stress levels
categorized as: death and dying, conflict with
physicians, inadequate preparation, problems
with peers, problems with supervisors,
workload, uncertainty concerning treatment,