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Series-Parallel Networks

M.S.Muhit

Series-Parallel Networks
Series-parallel networks are networks that contain both series and
parallel circuit configurations.

Fig. 1 Series parallel network

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General approach
Study the problem in total --- make a brief mental sketch of the
overall approach you plan to use.
Next, examine each region of the network independently before tying them
together in series-parallel combinations. This will usually simplify the
network and possibly reveal a direct approach toward obtaining one or
more desired unknowns. It also eliminates many of the errors that might
result due to the lack of a systematic approach.

M.S.Muhit

General approach
Redraw the network as often as possible with the reduced branches and
undisturbed unknown quantities to maintain clarity and provide the
reduced networks for the trip back to unknown quantities from the source.
When you have a solution, check that it is reasonable by considering the
magnitudes of the energy source and the elements in the network.
If it does not seem reasonable, either solve the circuit using another
approach or check over your work very carefully.

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Example problems
Q1. For the circuit in fig. 2, find
i. total resistance
ii. currents

Fig. 2 Circuit diagram for example problem#1

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Example problems
Q2. For the circuit in fig. 3, find
i. total resistance
ii. currents

Fig. 3 Circuit diagram for example problem#2


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Descriptive examples
Q3. For the circuit in fig. 4, find
i. V2
ii. I4

Fig. 4 Circuit diagram for example problem#3

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Descriptive examples
Q4. For the circuit in fig. 5, find
a. voltages V1, V3, and Vab
b. source current Is

Fig. 5 Circuit diagram for example problem#4

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Descriptive examples
Q5. For the circuit in fig. 6, find
a. voltages V1, V2
b. current I

Fig. 6 Circuit diagram for example problem#5

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Descriptive examples
Q.6 Calculate the indicated currents and voltage for the circuit in fig. 7

Fig. 7 Circuit diagram for example problem#6

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Descriptive examples
Q.7 Determine voltages V1, V2 ,V3 for the circuit in fig. 8

Fig. 8 Circuit diagram for example problem#7

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Ladder networks

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Ladder networks

RT =8 , IS =30 A
I1 =15 A , I3 =15 A

I4 =5 A
I6 =10 A

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Self study
Voltage divider supply
Potentiometer loading
Ammeter, Voltmeter, & Ohmmeter design

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Grounding
1. Earth ground
2. Chassis ground

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Wiring diagram & 3 wire conductors

Fig. 9 Complete wiring diagram


for a household outlet with a 10 load.
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Boosting a car battery


Fig. 10 Boosting a car
battery

Fig. 11 Current level at


starting

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Boosting a car battery

Fig. 12 Current levels if the booster battery is improperly connected.

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Reference
1. Introductory Circuit Analysis by Robert . L. Boylestad
2. http://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/dccircuits/dcp_1.html

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