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# scope: This test method covers procedures for determining the magnitude and rate of

consolidation of soil when it is restrained laterally and drained axially while subjected to

Apparatus used:

Consolidation device (including ring, porous stones, water reservoir and load plate)

Straight edge

Clock or watch

Moisture can

Filling paper

Weight balance

Vernier caliper

Procedure
Step 1: Weigh the empty consolidation ring
Step 2: Use the venier calipers to determine the height of the consolidation ring and the
diameter of the ring.
Step 3: Determine the initial moisture content and specific gravity of the soil specimen.
Step 4: fill the consolidation ring with the soil and use the straight edge to smooth and level
off the soil.

Step 5: Now carefully weight out the mass of the specimen and the consolidation rings.
Step 6: Now place the filter paper on both sides of the soil between the porous stones that
have been saturated in water, top and bottom of the specimen.
Step 7: Now proceed to lower the assembly into the water reservoir, fill the reservoir until the
entire specimen is covered in water and saturated.
Step 8: Next will be to assemble the loading device by placing it at the top of the sample and
Step 9: Apply the weights to the loading device and have designated teams take the
readings at specified times with specified weights. Record readings and use for calculations.

## Results and calculations

Find attached sheets as well
Obtained data of soil and consolidation ring
Height of ring = 15mm
Weight of soil ample + ring (after completion of test) = 221.93g
Weight of ring = 109.2g
Weight of dry soil sample = 89g
Specific gravity of soil = 2.7
W% = 26.66%
Sr = 1
Area of specimen = 4.4179(10-3) m2

## Using the following formula

Pressure=
2
Areaof specimen (m )
e ( final )=

W Gs
Sr

e ( final )=

0.26662.7
=0.71982
1

e 1+e ( final ) + e
=
H
H (initial)

e 1.71982+ e
=
1.95
15
e = 0.25698
e ( initail )=0.71982+0.25698=0.9768
General equation
e=0.13178 H
H
0
295

0
1

310

376

435

819

16

1152

32

1121

16

975

Pressure
0
24,158677
35
48,317354
71
96,634709
42
193,26941
88
386,53883
77
773,07767
53
386,53883
77
193,26941
88

H (mm)
0
0,59
0,62
0,752
0,87
1,638
2,304
2,242
1,95

e
0
0,077750
2
0,081703
6
0,099098
56
0,114648
6
0,215855
64
0,303621
12
0,295450
76
0,256971

e
0,9768
0,899049
8
0,895096
4
0,877701
44
0,862151
4
0,760944
36
0,673178
88
0,681349
24
0,719829

## From here we read the preconsolidation stress

p = 210KN
0.7609440.673179
Cc=
=0.2915
773.0777
log (
)
386.5388

Cr=

0.7198290.673179
=0.0774
773.0777
log(
)
193.2694

Time

Time(min)

15
30
1
2
4
15
30
1
2
24

0,25
0,5
1
2
4
15
30
60
120
1440

Time(square
root)
0,5
0,707
1
1,414
2
3,873
5,477
7,746
10,954
37,947

H
16
KG
570

16 KG (mm)
1,14

590

1,18

600
625

1,2
1,25

790
798
819

1,58
1,596
1,638

32
KG
980
1007
1020
1037
1057
1095
1108
1119
1125
1152

32KG (mm)
1,96
2,014
2,04
2,074
2,114
2,19
2,216
2,238
2,25
2,304

X1 = 9
X2 = 9*1.15 = 10.35
T90 = 7.52 = 56.25min

X1 = 2

X2 = 2*1.15 = 2.3
T90 = 1.52 = 2.25 min

T 90 avg=

Tv=

56.25+2.25
=29.25 min
2

Cvtime
Hdrainage 2

0.848=

Cv29.25
2
7.5

Cv = 1.63

Conclusion
This test is fairly easy and simple to conduct. In order for you to successfully conduct these
two tests you will need the required equipment and knowledge. Errors may occur due to
many factors namely
Human error
faulty equipment

calculation error