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REVIEW 2014 - 009

PUMPS FOR WATER SUPPLY


PLUMBING FUNDAMENTALS

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

What is a Pump?
In about 120 BC someone, probably the Greek mathematician Ctesibius,
invented the first force pump. It had 2 cylinders with single acting pistons,
connected to a single beam so that they delivered an almost continuous
stream of water.

Pump is an equipment used to transfer fluid from a


region of low pressure to another region at same or
higher pressure. (PSME Code 1993)

Pump A device or machine that compresses and/or


transports fluids usually by pressure or suction, or both;
may be used to remove water from a construction site or
to convey water from one elevation to another. (Harris,
C.M.; Dictionary of Architecture and Construction, 1975)
Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

What are the different classifications


of pumps?

The different classifications of pumps are categorized as


follows:
1. As to Operating Principle
2. As to Casing Design
3. As to Mounting
4. As to Connection with Driver
(Motor or Engine)
5. As to Construction Materials

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

Classification of Pumps as to
Operating Principle:

1. Centrifugal Type
a. Radial Flow
b. Axial Flow
c. Mixed Flow
2. Positive Displacement
Type
a. Reciprocating Piston
b. Reciprocating Plunger
c. Rotary Blades
d. Rotary Roots
e. Screw Types
f. Gear

3. Turbine Type
a. Axial Flow
b. Mixed Flow

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

Classification of Pumps as
to Casing Design:
1. Horizontal Split Case
2. Vertical Split Case
3. Submerged

Classification of Pumps as
to Mounting:
1. Base Mounted
2. In line Mounted

Horizontal Split Case

Vertical Split Case

In line Mounted

Submerged

Base Mounted

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

Classification of Pumps as to
Connection with Driver:
1. Flexible Coupled
2. Case Coupled
3. Belt Driven
MOTOR

Classification of Pump as to
Construction Materials:
1. Cast Iron
2. Stainless Steel
3. Bronze
4. Concrete
5. Plastic
6. Fiberglass

IMPELLER

PUMP

Case Coupled

Belt Driven
Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

What are the Classifications of


Pumps?

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

Pumps are generally referred to according to their


principle of action, manner of construction or
method of operation.

Centrifugal Pump (Built by Osborne Reynolds, 1875) A vane or


impeller rotate inside a close-fitting case, draw in liquid at the center and,
by virtue of centrifugal force, throw liquid out through an opening in the
periphery of the case.
1. The higher the speed of rotation, the greater the volume that can be
pumped or the greater the head that can be generated.
2. The recommended suction lift is 4.5 meters and should not exceed 6
meters. Therefore, if the well water depth is 6 meters or less, use
centrifugal pump
3. A centrifugal pump cannot operate unless the pump casing is full of
water. For the pump to begin developing a suction at the eye of the
pump, the case will have to be filled with water or primed.
4. Care must be taken to ensure that air is not present in the casing and
whenever possible the suction should be of the positive or flooded type.
Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

Centrifugal Pump:

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

What is a Submersible Pump?

Submersible
Pump is basically a
centrifugal pump
complete with electric
motors which are
positioned underwater
in a suitable bored
hole that delivers the
water to the surface.
Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

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What are the important considerations for


accurate Submersible Pump selection?

Well Diameter indicates the size of


the pump to be installed.

Drawdown the vertical distance or the


difference between the Pumping Water
Level and the Static Water Level.

Pump Setting the nominal vertical


distance (in meters) from Datum to the
discharge pipe connection at the pump.

Pumping Water Level the vertical


distance from the Datum Line to the water
level when specified capacity is being
pumped. During the pumping test, Pumping
Water Level is the depth of water when the
amount of water withdrawn from the well &
the amount of replenishment of water to the
well is equal.

expressed in cubic meters per hour or liters


per second to be produced by the pump.

Well Depth indicates the Static Water


Level, the vertical distance from the surface
(Datum Line) to the water level when no
water is being pump.

Pump Capacity volume rate of flow

Water Composition make-up of the


water to be pumped.

Type of Drive the specification of the


available power source (single phase or 3
phase)

Allowable Motor Overload


percentage of rated motor main plate power
(in kilowatts or horsepower) that will be
permitted to be used.

Head above Datum indicates the


Total Discharge Head (Static plus Friction)
between Datum line & point of
measurement.
Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

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Submersible Pump:

Well Diameter

Drawdown

Well Depth

Pump Setting

Discharge Pipe

Submersible Pump
Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

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Positive Displacement Pumps:


Reciprocating and Rotary

Reciprocating Pump A pump which operates with a to and fro


motion. The different types of Reciprocating Pump are:

1. Lift Pump The simplest of the reciprocating pump and consists of a


piston moving up and down in a cylinder or barrel.
A Lift Pump cannot be used to raise water above 7.50 to 8.50 meter at
normal atmospheric pressure (101 kPa) due to:
a. Loss of efficiency in the pump
b. Friction in the intake pipe
c. Impossible to obtain a perfect vacuum
2. Piston or Plunger Pump A plunger is driven backwards &
forwards, or up & down by a mechanical working head.
3. Deep well Piston Pump When water is more than 7.50 meters
below the ground, it is virtually necessary to place the pump in or near the
water in the well and pump from there. Water is forced up the drop pipe
and out into the delivery pipe.

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

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START OF UPSTROKE

A LIFT PUMP / HAND PUMP

FOLLOWING
DOWNSTROKE

NEXT UPSTROKE
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The Working Cycle of a Piston Pump


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A Deep Well Piston Pump


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What is a Diaphragm Pump?

A Diaphragm Pump is a displacement pump in which a flexible diaphragm


replaces the piston in other displacement pumps. The diaphragm is of
leather or heavy gauge rubber. The upward movement of the diaphragm
has the same effect as the upward movement of the piston; the outlet valve
closes & the inlet valve opens & admits water. The downward movement of
the diaphragm causes the inlet valve to close & water is forced into the
discharge pipe.

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

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What is a Rotary Pump?

A Rotary Pump is used primarily as a source of fluid power in hydraulic

system. It continuously scoops the liquid from the pump chamber.


It is classified with respect to the impelling element as:

1. Gear Type
2. Vane Type
3. Piston Type

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

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What is a Jet Pump?

A Jet Pump is a pump


consisting revolving impeller in the
pump housing which forces water
down a pressure line to an ejector
assembly below water level. This
ejector consists of a nozzle which
discharges the water into a
constricted throat. This throat
leads from a suction pipe. This
arrangement permits energy of a
high pressure fluid to be converted
into a high velocity fluid.

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

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What is a Hydraulic Ram or Ram


Pump?

Hydraulic Ram uses the energy


of falling water to raise a smaller
quantity of water to greater
heights. It is a pump in which the
power generated from flowing in
an enclosed pipe is used to raise
part of the water to a height above
that from which the flow began.

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

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What is the Pump Performance


Curve?

The characteristic curve of a


pump describes the factors
that affect its performance.
They are usually expressed
graphically with the rate of
discharge (Q) as abscissa &
other factors plotted as
ordinates, such as the Head
(H), & the Net Positive
Suction Head (NPSH). All
pump manufacturers supply
performance characteristic
curves for their pumps which
indicate how the pump
capacity varies with
discharge pressure or
suction pressure.

Source: IBARRA
PUMPS

Sample of Pump Performance Curve


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Source: GRUNDFOS
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Duty Point & Pump Efficiency

Source: GRUNDFOS
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How do we select the type of pump to be


used?
PUMP
CAPACITY

1,136 to
2,271 LPH
(300 600 GPH)

2,271 to
4,542 LPH
(600 1200 GPH)

Over 4,542
LPH
(over 1200 GPH)

DEPTH OF WELL
0 to 8.00 m

8.00 to
18.00 m

18.00 to
27.00 m

27.00 to
46.00 m

46.00 m and
over

Submersible

Submersible

Submersible

Jet

Pump
Jet Pump
Deep Well
Reciprocating
Pump

Pump
Jet Pump
Deep Well
Reciprocating
Pump

Pump
Deep Well
Reciprocating
Pump
Submersible
Pump

Jet

Pump
Jet Pump
Piston Pump

Submersible

Submersible

Submersible

Submersible

Submersible

Pump
Jet Pump
Plunger Pump

Pump
Jet Pump

Pump
Jet Pump

Pump
Jet Pump

Pump
Jet Pump

Submersible

Submersible

Submersible

Submersible

Submersible

Pump
Jet Pump
Plunger Pump

Pump
Jet Pump

Pump
Jet Pump

Pump

Pump

Pump
Deep Well
Reciprocating
Pump
Submersible
Pump

Pump Selection Rule of Thumb: 1. If the well water depth is 6 meters or less, use Centrifugal Pump.
2. If the well water depth is 6 to 20 meters, use Jet Pump.
3. If the well water depth is more than 20 meters, use Submersible Pump or
Vertical Line Shaft Turbine Pumps.
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STANDARD PUMP
PRODUCT
PRESENTATION
EBARA

PUMPS for Domestic


Water Supply

Danilo V. Ravina NAMPAP - CEBU

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EBARA PUMPS

PUMPS
for
FRESH WATER SUPPLY

Pump Type
Pumps for Clean Water

Submersible Pumps for Shallow Well

BMS/ BMSP
For Water Pit or Shallow Well application
IDROGO
For Water Pit or Shallow Well application

Main Back Skip

BMS , BMSP
Submersible Pumps for Water Pit
USES:
City or Domestic Water Supply
Irrigation
Fountain

BMS

BMSP

Model

BMSP

BMS

Capacity, m3/min

0.06 0.8

0.5 3.0

m3/hr

3.6 48

30 180

Usgpm

15.8 211

132 792

Total Head, m

up to 140

up to 135

Power, kws

0.4 15

3.7 45

Speed, rpm

3600

3600

Dia Size, mm

32 65

80 125

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IDROGO
Submersible Shallow Well Pump
USES:

Domestic Water Supply


Irrigation

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

0.02 0.12 m3/min


1.2 7.2
m3/hr
5.28 31.7 USgpm
Total Head: 14 to 83 mtrs
Power:
0.6 1.5 kws
Speed:
3600 rpm
Dia Size:
5 ins
Max immersion: 20 mts
Installation: Vertical or horizontal
Capacity:

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Pump Type
Pumps for Clean Water
Surface Pumps for Fresh Water Supply

Non Self Priming (Cast Iron Models)


End Suction:
FSA, MD, CNA/CSA, CM, CDA
In-line:
LPD
Non Self Priming (Stainless Steel Models)
End Suction:
CDX Series
3 & 3L Series
Vertical Multistage: EVM, MULTIGO
Self Priming (Cast Iron)
End Suction:
FQ
AG Series
Main

Back Skip

FSA, MD
End Suction (Cast Iron)

USES:
City or Domestic Water Supply
Pressure Booster
Irrigation
Hot and cold water circulation

FSA

Drainage
Industrial Use

MD
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FSA, MD
General Specifications

Model

FSA

MD

0.065 12

0.10 2.4

m3/hr

3.9 720

6 144

USgpm

17 3165

26.4 - 633.6

Total Head, m

up to 85

9.5 to 65.5

Power, kws

0.4 90

1.1 to 22

Speed, *rpm

1800, 3600

3450

50 200

80

40, 50, 65, 80, 100,


125, 150

32, 40, 50, 65

Capacity, m3/min

Suction Size, mm
Discharge, mm

Back

CNA, CSA
Horizontal Split Case

Model

CNA

CSA

0.9 21

0.45 3.2

m3/hr

54 1260

27 192

Usgpm

238 5545

119 845

Capacity, m3/min

USES:

Total Head, m

up to 122

up to 85

City or Domestic Water Supply

Power, kws

7.5 260

3.7 55

Speed, rpm

1800

1800

12 300

100 125

Pressure Booster
Irrigation
Hot and cold water circulation

Suction Size, mm

Drainage
Industrial Use

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CM Series, CDA
End Suction (Cast Iron)
CM Series
Model

CM

CDA

Capacity, m3/min

0.05 1.1

0.05 0.25

m3/hr

1.2 66

1.2 15

Usgpm

5.28 290

5.28 66

5.5 57.5

13.5 75.5

Power, kws

0.37 1.5 (3 ph)


0.37 4.0 (1 ph)

0.55 4.0 (3 ph)


0.55 2.2 (1 ph)

USES:

Speed, rpm

3600

3600

General Water Supply

Suction Size,
mm

25.4, 31.75, 50.8, 63.5


(1, 1.25, 2, 2.5 ins)

31.75, 38.1
(1.25, 1.5ins)

CDA
Twin Impeller

Total Head, m

Pressure Booster

Irrigation
Industrial

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LPD In Line

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Capacity, m3/min

0.04 1.4

m3/hr

2.4 84

USgpm

10.5 370

Total Head, m

up to 53

Power, kws

0.05 11

USES:

Speed, rpm

3600

City or Domestic Water Supply

Suction Size, mm

25 80

Pressure Booster
Industrial Use
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CDX, 3 & 3L Series


End Suction (Stainless Steel)

USES:
Water Supply
Pressure Booster

Heating systems
Industrial Use

3M

3S
Versions available:
3M - monobloc w/extended motor shaft
3S monobloc w/std motor & flexible coupling
3P 0n basement w/std motor & flex coupling
3PF bareshaft pump

3P

3PF
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CDX, 3 & 3L Series


General Specifications

Model

CDX

3 Series

3L Series

0.05 0.23

0.1 1.43

0.06 1.44

m3/hr

1.2 13.8

6.0 86

3.6 86.4

USgpm

5.28 60.72

26.4 378.4

15.84 380.16

20 - 81

9 82

11 86

Power, kws

0.55 4.0 (3 ph)


0.55 1.5 (1 ph)

2.2 15

3.0 15

Speed, rpm

3600

3600

3600

25.4, 31.75, 38.1

50, 65

50, 65

Capacity, m3/min

Total Head, m

Suction Size, mm

(1, 1.25, 1.5 ins)

Back

EVM, MULTIGO
Vertical Multistage (Stainless Steel)

USES:
General Water Supply
Pressure Booster
Irrigation
Industrial Use
Other uses for EVM:
- hot & cold water circulation

EVM

- boiler feed pumping


- firewater

MULTIGO
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EVM, MULTIGO
General Specifications
Model

EVM

Multigo

0.25 1.2

0.02 0.12

m3/hr

1.5 72.0

1.2 7.2

Usgpm

6.6 316.8

5.28 31.68

Total Head, m

11 246

14.0 83.4

Power, kws

0.37 22

0.6 1,5

Speed, rpm

3600

3600

25, 32, 40, 50,


1in ,1.25in, 1.5in

1.25in

Capacity, m3/min

Suction Size, mm

Back

FQ
Self Priming Pumps

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Capacity, m3/min

USES:

0.09 1.2

m3/hr

5.4 72

USgpm

24 317

Total Head, m

15 to 48

Power, kws

1.5 7.5

Drainage

Speed, rpm

3600

Sprinklers

Suction Size, mm

Domestic Water Supply

40, 50, 65 & 80

Irrigation
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AG Series
Self Priming
USES:
Domestic Water Supply
Pressure boosting
Gardens

AGA- AGC

Car wash
Tanks & pools emptying

Small Irrigation

AGE - AGF

Power Range:
AGA AGC: Single Phase 0.6 2 kw
Three Phase 0.6 3 kw
AGE AGF: Single Phase 0.5 0.8 kw
Three Phase 0.5 0.8 kw
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PUMP TYPE
Pumps for Clean Water

Submersible Pumps for Underground Water


Cast Iron Models
BHS

Stainless Steel Models


4BHS, 6BHS
4BPS

Main Back Skip

BHS
Cast Iron Deep Well Pumps
USES:
City or Domestic Water Supply
Industrial Use
Irrigation
Stock Breeding
Booster
Dry Pit Application (w/Shroud)

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BHS (Deep Well)


General Specifications
60 Hz* 3600 rpm

*Also available in 50 Hz

Well Size

10

12

Capacity,m3/min

0.03 0.2

0.03 1.33

0.43 3.33

1 5.17

3-8

m3/hr

2 11.5

2 - 80

26 - 200

60 - 310

180 - 480

US gpm

8.8 - 50

8.8 - 352

114 - 880

264 - 1365

792 - 2112

Total Head, m

15 - 212

15 - 280

15 - 285

15 - 310

15 - 260

Stages,

6 - 30

2 - 20

1 - 20

1-8

1-8

Power, hp

1-5

1.5 - 30

12.5 - 100

20 - 200

65 - 350

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4BPS*
Stainless Steel Deep Well Pumps

USES:
City, building or home supply
Industrial water
Booster
Irrigation
Stockbreeding
Fountains

* Also available in
4BHS & 6BHS
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4BPS, 4BHS, 6BHS


General Specifications
Model

4BPS

4BHS

6BHS

0.008 to 0.0917

0.015 0.35

0.083 0.60

m3/hr

0.5 to 5.5

0.9 - 21

5 - 36

USgpm

2.2 to 24.2

4 92.4

22 - 158

Total Head, m

20 to 381

10 - 277

18 -330

Power, kws

0.75 to 4.5

0.55 5.5

1.5 - 22

Speed, rpm

3600

3420

3420

97

101.6 (4)

101.6 (4) & 152.4


(6)

Capacity, m3/min

Diameter, mm

Maximum Sand Content: 50 ppm


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EBARA PUMPS
Pumping LIFE Into Our Systems

Main

END

OF PRESENTATION

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