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High School
Cambridge Checkpoint SCIENCE [Biology] | Page 1 of 11
CHAPTER 7 :

Write in dark blue or black


pen.
You may use a soft pencil for
any diagrams, graphs or
rough working.
Do not use highlighters, glue
or correction fluid.
Show all your working in the
booklet.

Q.1

CLASSIFICATION AND VARIATION

Name
:

Roll
No.

The diagrams below show four different groups of animals.

These animals belong to four different groups of animals. Here is a description of each group.
(a) The animals in this group have a hard outer covering and eight jointed legs.
Which animal belongs to group A? ______________________________________
(b) The animals in this group have a tough spiny skin and most of them are star shaped.
Which animal belongs to group A? ______________________________________
(c) The animals in this group have a body that is divided up into a series of parts or segments.
Which animal belongs to group A? _______________________________________
(d) The animals in this group have a soft body and are usually protected by a shell.
Which animal belongs to group A? ______________________________________
Q.2

Here is a diagram of a fish.


Write down a description of a fish. Use the diagram and any
knowledge you already have of their structure to help you.
You should give it at least three features that are typical of
most fish.

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

Q.3
(a)
Ans.

Birds, bats and dragonflies can all fly. But we put them into different groups because their
other characteristics are different.
Write down one difference between:
Birds and bats:
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(b)
Ans.

Birds and dragonflies:


___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

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Cambridge Checkpoint SCIENCE [Biology] | Page 2 of 11
Q.3

Mandy and Halim sort the animals using the key below. Three questions are missing from
their key.

(a)

Circle 1, 2 or 3 next to each question below to show which box in the key the question goes in.

(b)

It is important for scientists to classify animals into groups. Tick ONE box to show the best
reason for classifying animals.

Q.4

The drawings show five different mammals. They are not drawn to scale.

(a)

Which fact is only true about mammals but not true about other animals?
Tick the correct box.

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Cambridge Checkpoint SCIENCE [Biology] | Page 3 of 11

(b)

Look at the drawing of the bat. In what way are bats unusual mammals?

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(c)

Give one way the seal is suited for moving through water.

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(d)

The porcupine has spines. How do the spines help a porcupine to survive?

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(e)
(i)

In winter, the fur of the Arctic hare and the Arctic fox becomes thicker and turns white.
How does thick fur help an Arctic hare and an Arctic fox to survive during the winter?

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(ii)

The Arctic fox hunts and eats Arctic hares. How does white fur help Arctic hares to survive in
the snow?

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

Q.5
(a)
Ans.

Copper and arsenic are present in the soil near copper mines. When earthworms eat this soil
they change from brown to bright yellow. The copper and arsenic are not poisonous to
earthworms.
Mary suggested that blackbirds are more likely to catch bright yellow earthworms than brown
earthworms. Give one reason why this might be true.
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(b)

Mary wanted to count the bright yellow earthworms and the brown earthworms in the soil at
different distances from the mines. What important information about the soil could she get
from her results?

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________

(c)

The drawings below show an earthworm and three other worms.

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Ans.

The ragworm belongs to the same group as the earthworm. How can you tell this from the
drawings?
___________________________________________________________________________

(d)

The roundworm and some flatworms are parasites. What does this mean? Tick the correct box.

Q.6

The diagram shows four arthropods.

(a)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

How many of these arthropods are insects? Tick the correct answer.
A1
B2
C3
D4

(b)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

An organism has dry scales covering its body. To which vertebrate group does it belong?
A amphibian
B fish
C mammal
D reptile

(c)

The diagram shows an animal.


Use the key to identify the animal.

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Ans.

The animal identified is ________________________________________________________

Q.7

Fig. shows six members of the cat


family, Felidae.
Use the key to identify the cats, A
to F, shown in Fig.
Tick (_) the boxes in Table 1.1 to
show how you identify each cat.
Write the name of each cat in the
correct box in Table 1.1.
Cat A has been completed for you
as an example.

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Q.7

Fig. shows three animals A, B and C which belong to the same group of arthropods

(a)(i)

List three visible features, other than size, which are used to classify them all in the same
group of arthropods.
___________________________________________________________________________

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
(ii)
Ans.

Give one visible difference, other than size, between animal,


o A and B
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

Ans.

o A and C
___________________________________________________________________________

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Cambridge Checkpoint SCIENCE [Biology] | Page 7 of 11
___________________________________________________________________________
(v)

Name the group of arthropods to which these three animals belong.

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________

(b)

Name one other group of arthropods and describe how this group differs from the one you
have named in (a)(iii).

Q.7

group of arthropods _______________________________________________________

difference 1 _____________________________________________________________

difference 2 _____________________________________________________________

Some students are investigating a river ecosystem. They use nets to sweep through the water.
They empty the contents into a shallow container of water, examine the animals present and
record what they see. The diagram shows a students record.

(a) All four animals can be classified into the same group. Name the group and give a reason for
your answer.
Ans. ___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
(b) The student uses this key to identify the animals A and B. Fill in the correct names.

Q.8

(i)

Animal A is _____________________________________

(ii)

Animal B is _____________________________________
There are about 35 different species in the dog family.

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(a)

The diagrams show three different species within the dog family. These are a fox, a jackal and
a wolf.

(i)
Ans.

Describe one way, shown in the diagrams, in which a wolf differs from both the fox and the
jackal.
___________________________________________________________________________

(ii)

Foxes, jackals and wolves are classified by scientists as three separate species. Explain why.

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(b)

Modern domestic dogs are thought to have descended from wolves. Humans may have caught
and tamed wolves and kept them to help with hunting. Modern domestic dogs are thought to
have evolved about 15 000 years ago. The diagrams show four breeds of modern domestic
dogs. Although they look different, they all belong to the same dog species which scientists
call Canis familiaris.

(i)

What word is used to describe the differences between animals of the same species?

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________

(ii)

Wild dog species such as foxes or jackals are all very similar to each other. Modern domestic
dogs have many differences in size, shape and colour. Explain why.

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

Q.9(i) Describe the main similarities between insects and arachnids.


Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(ii)

By means of a table, show the differences between insects and arachnids.

Ans.
INSECTS

ARACHNIDS

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Q.10(a)What is the main difference between animals and plants? Circle the correct letter.
A Animals make their own food; plants do not make their own food.
B Plants make their own food; animals do not make their own food.
C Plants must eat their food, animals must make their food.
D Plants do not need food; animals do need food.
(b)

What is a species? Circle the correct letter.


A
A group of living things that have none of their features in common.
B
A group of living things that have half of their features in common.
C
A group of living things that have over half of their features in common.
D
A group of living things that have almost all of their features in common.

(c)

What is classification? Underline the correct answer.


A putting things into groups
B taking things out of groups
C changing things between groups
D adding groups together

(e)

Which of these phrases best describes variation? Circle the correct letter.
A when two living things are the same as each other
B when two living things are different from each other
C when two living things are identical to each other
D when two humans are different from each other

(b)

Draw lines to match up each animal group with its main features.
ANIMAL
S

(c)

You can divide living things into lots of groups. The diagram shows how animals are divided
into groups. Complete it using the words below.

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Q.11

The pictures show four different birds.

(a)

Use the key to identify birds X and Y.


X is

_____________________________
Y is _____________________________

(b)

(i)

All the pictures in (a) show animals which belong to the same group (birds).
Three features of birds are
they have feathers,
they lay eggs,
they have a backbone.
Which feature is unique to birds (that is, which feature is not shared with other groups)?

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________

(ii)

Which feature do birds have in common with all other vertebrates?

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________

Q.12(a)Classify the following invertebrates under the headings, 'Protozoan', 'Annelid', 'Crustacean',
'Insect', or 'Mollusc' .
earthworm, slug, woodlouse, wasp, butterfly, lugworm, snail, lobster, Amoeba,
cockroach, whelk, shrimp, housefly, malarial parasite, mussel
Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________

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Cambridge Checkpoint SCIENCE [Biology] | Page 11 of 11
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
(b)

Which invertebrate groups possess one, three, four or all of the features listed below?
segmented bodies, hard exoskeleton, jointed legs,
compound eyes, three pairs of walking legs

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(c)

Which of the features listed below are possessed by all of the groups 'Mosses', 'Ferns' and
'Flowering plants'?
made up of many cells, have cell walls, contain chlorophyll, have roots,
stems and leaves, produce seeds, get energy from respiration

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

(d)

Which of the following are (a) fungi, (b) flowering plants?


ferns, mushrooms, trees, cabbages, moulds, toadstools,
seaweeds, grasses, mosses, cacti

Ans.

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________