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Project of Prestressed Concrete Box Beams Bridge

1. STRUCTURE

Type of Bridge :

Precast solid, Voided, or Cellular Concrete Box with Shear Keys and with or without
Transverse Post-Tensioning
Thickness of Asphalt
Span Length of Bridge
Bridge Width
Width of curb
Skew Angle (Angle between bridge
and water flow)
Design Lane
Cover Cement

LDW
Ls
Wt
Wcurb
ab

=
=
=
=
=

Dl
Lc

=
=

3
75 mm

Compressive strength at 28 days


Initial Concrete

fc'
f'ci

=
=

35 Mpa
26 Mpa

Density of concrete

gc

Modulus of elasticity
Modulus of elasticity initial
Modulus of rupture

Ec
E'c
Fr

=
=
=

2400 kg/m3
29910.2 Mpa
25779.35 Mpa
3.73 Mpa

Strand Grade 270 (d=9,53mm)


Modulus Elasticity

Fpu
Ep

=
=

1860 Mpa
197000 Mpa

Section of prestressed

Ap

181 mm2

Density of Asphalt concrete

as

22.4 KN/m

yield strength
Modulus Elasticity

fy
Es

=
=

75
27000
13800
640
90

mm
mm
mm
mm

2. MATERIALS
2.1 Concrete

2.036493387

2.2 Prestressed steel


Table 5.4.4.1-1 (AASHTO)
AASHTO 5.4.4.2

2.3 Asphalt concrete


3

2.3 Reinforceing Steel

3. LIVE LOAD (LRFD 3.6.1.2)


3.1 AASTHO HS Truck Load

400 Mpa
200000 Mpa

AASHTO 5.4.3.2

3.1 AASTHO HS Tandem Load

3.3 AASHTO HS Lane Load

4. DEVELOP GENERAL SECTION


4.1 Criteria for deflection
Deflection is limited to Lg/1000 for vehical load
4.2 Structural Depth :
Base on Table 4.6.2.2.1-1 AASHTO, for precast box beam with transverse post-Tensioning, the main grider of this
exercise is categorised in the typical cross section "G".
Minimum Depths for constant depth superstructures
Prestressed Concrete Adjacent Box Beam for simple spans
Dmin = 0,03L =
810
mm

Table 2.5.2.6.3-1 AASHTO

Using selected Typical Standard Precast Box Beam of AASHTO Bridge Sections
We choose AASHTO Box Beam Type BII-48
D = 838,2 mm > Dmin =810 mm

Appendix C

5. DEVELOP TYPICAL SECTION AND DESIGN BASIS. [A4.6.2.2]


5.1 Section Properties for BII-48 :
Abox,beam

Box beam cross section


Hight
Width

mm2
mm
mm
mm
mm
4
6.61E+10 mm

h
w
x
y
Ixx

=
=
=
=
=
=

Iyy

Zxt

4
4.85E+10 mm
1.22E+08 mm3

Zxb

-1.25E+08 mm3

Number of main griders = width of bridge/width of BII-48


Nb
=
Nb
=

15.09
15 beam

Centroid coordinates
Moment of inertia of beam
Section Modulus

458839.81
1066.8
914.4
-457.2
526.911

5.2 Number of beam (Ref 12.11) AASHTO/PCI

Joint between beams =

mm
Wbridge total

13800

mm

BII-48

5.3 Concrete Cover for main griders


Minimum cover for unprotected Main Reinforcing Steel
Top cover for Deck surface subject to tire stud
Bottom Cover up to No.36 bar

AASHTO Table C5.12.3-1


60 mm
25 mm

5.4 Detail Section of Barrier and Curb :

Abarrier

Acurb

86464 mm2
187450 mm2

Abarrier

Cross section of barrier and curb

2
273914 mm

6. Distribution Factor for Moment


6.1. Distribution Factor for Moment for Interior Beam
6.1.1 Distribution Factor for One Design Lane Loaded
.

AASHTO Table 4.6.2.2.2b

2.8
k = 2.5(Nb)-0.2 : constant

1.5

Ip : moment inertia polaire

4
1.15E+11 mm

4
8.38E+10 mm

: St. Venant's torsional inertia


Because of the section a special one, so we couldn't calculate St. Venants torsional
inertia by manual. So we use the program Structural Bridge Design to calculate it.
And we get the result:
J = 7.38002E10 mm4

So,

1.55E-01

6.1.2. Distribution Factor for Two or More Lane Loaded


.

AASHTO Table 4.6.2.2.2b

7600
So,
And

max

2.11E-01

0.210891449

So, the distribution factor for interior beam is

6.2 Distribution Facor for Exterior Beam


6.2.1. Distribution Factor for One Design Lane Loaded
AASHTO Table 4.6.2.2.2d

: correction factor

1.147087912

1.125

9100

de
: distance from the exterior web of
exterior beam to the interior edge of curb
or traffic barrier
So

201

mm

1.78E-01

6.2.2. Distribution Factor for One Design Lane Loaded


AASHTO Table 4.6.2.2.2d

: correction factor

1.04

1.066447368

7600

So

And

max

2.25E-01

So the Distribution Factor for exterior beam is:


=

0.224904631

7. Distribution Factor for Shear


7.1. Distribution Factor for Shear in Interior Beams
7.1.1. Distribution Factor for One Design Land Loaded
.

0.70

AASHTO Table 4.6.2.2.3a

So,

4.16E-01

7.1.2. Distribution Factor for Two or More Design Land Loaded


.

4000
So,
And

So,

AASHTO Table 4.6.2.2.3a

1200

max

0.297448931

0.416306904

7.2 Distribution Facor for Exterior Beam


7.2.1. Distribution Factor for One Design Lane Loaded
AASHTO Table 4.6.2.2.3b

: correction factor

1.25

1.15795082

4.82E-01

6100

So,

7.2.2. Distribution Factor for Two or More Design Lane Loaded

1200

: correction factor
610

1.203534345

0.469803156

0.482062921

12200

So,
And

AASHTO Table 4.6.2.2.3b

max

So the Distribution Factor for exterior beam is:

8. Calculate Design Load


8.1. Permanent Load
11.012
6.574
1.536
0.461

Dead load box grider =


Dead load of concrete barrier =
Dead load wearing surface(75mm) =
Dead load wearing surface(75mm) =

KN/m
KN/m
KN/m
KN/m

Interior Beam
Exterior Beam

8.2. Live Load


Design truck
Design tandem
Design lane load
Traffic Lane
Multiple Lane Factor
Dynamic load allowance IM =

35 KN
110 KN

145 KN
110 KN
9.3 KN/m
2
1
1
1.2
33%

3
0.85

AASHTO 3.6.1.2.2
AASHTO 3.6.1.2.3
AASHTO 3.6.1.2.4

145 KN

AASHTO 3.6.1.1.2
AASHTO 3.6.2.1

8.3. Load Modifier


D

R
0.95

DC
Strength limite stage
Service Limit Stage

DW
1.25
1

I
0.95 1.05

AASHTO 1.3.2

LL
1.5 1.75
1
1

AASHTO 1.3.2

35 KN

145 KN
4300

110 KN

145 KN

4300

110 KN

1200

3,75

3,75

4500

22500

4500

22500

Influence line of moment at x=4.5m

35 KN

145 KN

145 KN
4300

Influence line of moment at x=4.5m

110 KN 110 KN

4300

1200

9000

18000

9000

Influence line of moment at x=9m

145 KN

145 KN
4300

18000

Influence line of moment at x=9m

35 KN

110 KN

110 KN

4300

1200

6,75

6,75

13500

13500

13500

Influence line of moment at mid point

13500

Influence line of moment at mid point

Table 2.1 Moment Envelope summary for Interial grider at every 1/10 of Span length
Unfactored Moment envelope
Distance (m)

Span
0L
0,1L
0,2L
0,3L
0,4L
0,5L
0,6L
0,7L
0,8L
0,9L
1L

0
2.7
4.5
5.4
8.1
9
10.8
13.5
16.2
18.9
21.6
24.3
27

Mdead load
MDC
KN.m
0
361.2487
557.4825
642.2198
842.9135
891.972
963.3298
1003.469
963.3298
842.9135
642.2198
361.2487
0

MDW
KN.m
0
50.38848
77.76
89.57952
117.57312
124.416
134.36928
139.968
134.36928
117.57312
89.57952
50.38848
0

Limite stage I

MLL
MDL
Mtruck
KN.m
KN.m
0
0
305.0865 697
470.8125 1065
542.376 1219
711.8685 1565
753.3
1642
813.564 1766
847.4625 1807
813.564 1766
711.8685 1565
542.376 1219
305.0865 697
0
0

M
Mtandem
KN.m
0
521.4
803
924
1207.8
1276
1372.8
1419
1372.8
1207.8
924
521.4
0

E
LL+IM

KN.m
0
259.9228
397.914
456.3225
589.1992
619.3752
666.9955
685.49
666.9955
589.1992
456.3225
259.9228
0

Service I

Moment
factored

Moment
Service

KN.m
0
930.5757
1430.765
1644.801
2142.675
2260.555
2438.199

KN.m
0
671.5599024
1033.156529
1188.121849
1549.685841
1635.763182
1764.694495

2524.37

1828.9265

2438.199
2142.675
1644.801
930.5757
0

1764.694495
1549.685841
1188.121849
671.5599024
0

Factor
influence
line
y
0
2.43
3.75
4.32
5.67
6
6.48
6.75
6.48
5.67
4.32
2.43
0

Table 2.2 Moment Envelope summary for Exterial grider at every 1/10 of Span length
Unfactored Moment envelope
Mdead load

Distance (m)

Span
0L
0,1L

MDC
KN.m
0
361.2487
557.4825
642.2198
842.9135
891.972
963.3298
1003.469
963.3298
842.9135
642.2198
361.2487
0

0
2.7
4.5
5.4
8.1
9
10.8
13.5
16.2
18.9
21.6
24.3
27

0,2L
0,3L
0,4L
0,5L
0,6L
0,7L
0,8L
0,9L
1L
35 KN

145 KN
4300

MDW
KN.m
0
15.123105
23.338125
26.88552
35.287245
37.341
40.32828
42.008625
40.32828
35.287245
26.88552
15.123105
0

Limite stage I
MLL

Mbarrier
MDL
Mtruck
KN.m
KN.m
KN.m
0
0
0
215.66007 305
697.3
332.80875 471 1064.666667
383.39568 542
1219.1
503.20683 712
1565.4
532.494
753 1641.833333
575.09352 814
1766.3
599.05575 847
1806.75
575.09352 814
1766.3
503.20683 712
1565.4
383.39568 542
1219.1
215.66007 305
697.3
0
0
0

KN.m
0
277.1939
424.3544
486.6439
628.3499
660.531
711.3155
731.039
711.3155
628.3499
486.6439
277.1939
0
110 KN

145 KN

Moment
factored

Moment
Service

KN.m
0
1164.545815
1791.476909
2060.11262
2686.700414
2835.789899
3059.240274

KN.m
0
869.2257809
1337.983744
1539.144958
2009.757531
2122.338033
2290.067108

MELL+IM
Mtandem
KN.m
0
521.4
803
924
1207.8
1276
1372.8
1419
1372.8
1207.8
924
521.4
0

4300

Service I

3170.26666 2375.57188
3059.240274
2686.700414
2060.11262
1164.545815
0

2290.067108
2009.757531
1539.144958
869.2257809
0

110 KN

1200

0,8333

0,8333
0,1667

0,1667

4500

22500

4500

22500

Influence line of shear at x=4.5m

145 KN

145 KN
4300

Influence line of shear at x=4.5m

35 KN

110 KN 110 KN

4300

1200

0,6667

0,6667

0,3333

0,3333
9000

18000

9000

Influence line of shear at x=9m


145 KN

145 KN
4300

35 KN

110 KN

110 KN

4300

1200

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5
13500

18000

Influence line of shear at x=9m

13500

Influence line of shear at mid point

13500

13500

Influence line of shear at mid point

Factor
influence
line
y
KN.m
0
2.43
3.75
4.32
5.67
6
6.48
6.75
6.48
5.67
4.32
2.43
0

Table 2.3 Shear Envelope summary for Interial grider at every 1/10 of Span length
Unfactored Shear envelope
Distance (m)

Span
0L
0,1L
0,2L
0,3L
0,4L
0,5L
0,6L
0,7L
0,8L
0,9L
1L

0
2.7
4.5
5.4
8.1
9
10.8
13.5
16.2
18.9
21.6
24.3
27

VLL

Vdead load
VDC
KN.m
148.662
118.9296
99.108
89.1972
59.4648
49.554
29.7324
0
29.7324
59.4648
89.1972
118.9296
148.662

VDW
KN.m
20.736
16.5888
13.824
12.4416
8.2944
6.912
4.1472
0
4.1472
8.2944
12.4416
16.5888
20.736

Limite stage I

VDL
KN.m
125.55
100.44
83.7
75.33
50.22
41.85
25.11
0
25.11
50.22
75.33
100.44
125.55

Vtruck
KN.m
291
258
237
226
193
182
161
134
161
193
226
258
291

Vtandem
KN.m
215.1111111
193.1111111
178.4444444
171.1111111
149.1111111
141.7777778
127.1111111
105.1111111
127.1111111
149.1111111
171.1111111
193.1111111
215.1111111

Service I

VELL+IM

Shear
Shear Service
factored

KN.m
213.2573
184.809
165.8434
156.3606
127.9123
118.4295
99.46397
74.39929
99.46397
127.9123
156.3606
184.809
213.2573

KN.m
559.2236
470.9326
412.0719
382.6415
294.3504
264.9201
206.0594

123.38
206.0594
294.3504
382.6415
470.9326
559.2236

Factor influence line

y1
KN.m
382.6552978
0
320.3273654
0.1
278.7754106 0.166666667
257.9994331
0.2
195.6715008
0.3
174.8955234 0.333333333
133.3435685
0.4
0.5
74.3992862
133.3435685
0.6
195.6715008
0.7
257.9994331
0.8
320.3273654
0.9
382.6552978
1

y2
1
0.9
0.83333333
0.8
0.7
0.66666667
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

Table 2.4 Shear Envelope summary for Exterial grider at every 1/10 of Span length
Unfactored Shear envelope
Vdead load

Distance (m)
Span
0L
0,1L
0,2L
0,3L
0,4L
0,5L
0,6L
0,7L
0,8L
0,9L
1L

0
2.7
4.5
5.4
8.1
9
10.8
13.5
16.2
18.9
21.6
24.3
27

VDC
KN.m
148.662
118.9296
99.108
89.1972
59.4648
49.554
29.7324
0
29.7324
59.4648
89.1972
118.9296
148.662

VDW
KN.m
20.736
16.5888
13.824
12.4416
8.2944
6.912
4.1472
0
4.1472
8.2944
12.4416
16.5888
20.736

9. Perte de Charge
9.1. Stress Limite for Prestressing Strands
Low relaxation strands shall be used
Ultimaten Tensile Strength fpu=
Yield Strength fpy =
At Jacking for Prestressioning fpj =
Just After Transfer fpt =
At Service Limit State fpe =

1860
1674
1450.8
1376.4
1339.2

Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

Limite stage I
VLL

Vbarrier
KN.m
88.749
70.9992
59.166
53.2494
35.4996
29.583
17.7498
0
17.7498
35.4996
53.2494
70.9992
88.749

VDL
Vtruck
KN.m
KN.m
126 290.7592593
100 258.2592593
83.7 236.5925926
75.3 225.7592593
50.2 193.2592593
41.9 182.4259259
25.1 160.7592593
0 134.3703704
25.1 160.7592593
50.2 193.2592593
75.3 225.7592593
100 258.2592593
126 290.7592593

Service I

VELL+IM Shear factored Shear Service Factor influence line


Vtandem
KN.m
215.1111
193.1111
178.4444
171.1111
149.1111
141.7778
127.1111
105.1111
127.1111
149.1111
171.1111
193.1111
215.1111

KN.m
246.9415
213.9997
192.0385
181.0579
148.1162
137.1356
115.1744
86.15071
115.1744
148.1162
181.0579
213.9997
246.9415

KN.m
720.2095079
603.4415947
525.5963192
486.6736814
369.9057682
330.9831305
253.137855

142.867499
253.137855
369.9057682
486.6736814
603.4415947
720.2095079

y1
KN.m
505.0884627
0
420.517293
0.1
364.1365132 0.16666667
335.9461233
0.2
251.3749536
0.3
223.1845637 0.33333333
166.8037839
0.4
0.5
86.1507144
166.8037839
0.6
251.3749536
0.7
335.9461233
0.8
420.517293
0.9
505.0884627
1

y2
1
0.9
0.833333
0.8
0.7
0.666667
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

9.2. Interior Beam


Predimension Prestress
Distance from centeroid to prestress
Prestreesed force
Number of Strands

e =
Ni =
n =

0.41 m
242 kN
12

9.2.1. Loss due to Concrete Elastic Shortening

but

-15.3489 Mpa

= 7.6417748

117.29313 Mpa
9.2.2. Loss due to Relaxation of Steel
log 24
40

0.55
0.9

1674 Mpa

0.82

1372.68 Mpa
=

mais

t=

5 ans
30.2175246 Mpa

9.2.3. Loss due to Shrinkage


93

0.85

H=

52 %
48.8 Mpa

9.2.4. Loss due to Creep

12

-15.3489

1143.4365 KN.m

7.0488 Mpa
134.8456

Loss of Charge in Short Term =


Loss of Charge in Long Term =
Prestressed Force in Short Term =
Prestressed Force in Long Term =

117.29 Mpa
331.16 Mpa
1184.71 Mpa
970.84 Mpa

1825 jours

9.3. Exterior Beam


Predimension Prestress
Distance from centeroid to prestress e
Prestreesed force Ni
Number of prestressed steels n

0.4277 m
242.3952 kN
16

9.3.1. Loss due to Concrete Elastic Shortening

mais

-20.4653 Mpa

= 7.6417748

156.39084 Mpa
9.3.2. Loss due to Relaxation of Steel
log 24
40
0.9

mais

0.55

0.82
t=

1674 Mpa

1372.68 Mpa

5 ans

1825

30.2175246 Mpa
9.3.3. Loss due to Shrinkage
93

0.85

H=

52 %
48.8 Mpa

9.2.4. Loss due to Creep

12

-20.4653

1143.4365 KN.m

7.0488 Mpa
196.241351

Loss of Charge in Short Term =


Loss of Charge in Long Term =
Prestressed Force in Short Term =
Prestressed Force in Long Term =

156.39 Mpa
431.65 Mpa
1145.61 Mpa
870.35 Mpa

jours