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ABSTRACT

POLITICAL SCIENCE
WATER RIVER CONFLICTS IN SOUTH ASIA

India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and constitute the Indian
subcontinent, with Afghanistan and Maldives included it is more commonly referred
to as south Asia. In international contemporary issues, water conflicts between the
nations crucial one. Water conflicts within and between nations are endemic all over
the world where water demand is high because of population growth and development
needs. South Asia is becoming increasingly short of water. India, for its part, is
planning a national water grid through basin transfers, with certain links already in
place. Its success will require wide consultation and consensus. Water is the staff of
life. Without it, human beings would perish. No wonder, therefore, that civilization
have declined or disappeared when these water sources have been degraded and lost,
as in the Indus valley around Mohenjo-Daro in Sind. Climate change combined with
rapid population growth and urbanization is placing intense pressure on south Asias
most precious resource: water. Per capita water availability in the region has
decreased by 70 percent since 1950, according to the Asian Development Bank. Rain
fall intensity vary from one place to other place in south Asia, over the last decade,
devastating floods have displaced millions of people in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and
Pakistan.
South Asia is home to three of the most densely populated river basins in the world
the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra which support an estimated 700 million
people. These basin straddle in boarder among the different nations, making them
natural source of contention between the neighbouring nations. As water scarcity
intensifies, effective management of these river basins is increasingly critical to longterm peace, stability, and economic development in the region, which houses a third
of the worlds poor. Tragically, nationalism and narrow technical approaches to water
management hinder this objective. Bangladesh receives more than 90% of the water
from India. In between china and India, Brahmaputra water issue we called it as
conflict in their policies, it is one of the water river conflict in south Asia, and also

testa river issue, Indus, Ganga etc. although there is a conflicts among nations
regarding water issue but friendly cooperation also existence with inference with
some international organizations. A conflict arises when there is clash of opinions and
ideas and their own prospective with other party.
Distribution of water is main issue in south Asia. In this project the researcher
completely explain detail in each and every water conflicts between the nations, states
and solution.

SYNOPSIS
OBJECTIVES/AIMS OF THE STUDY
The objective of the study is to understand the conflicts in South Asia with regarding
to the water river issues. The aim of the study is to find out a resolution to the crisis.
SIGNIFICANCE & BENEFIT OF THE STUDY
The significance of the study is that how international diplomatic methods and
peaceful methods used to resolve the problems.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study limited to South Asia only with relevant to water issues.
Permitted to study international disputes resolution methods.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
The process used to collect information and data for the purpose of making decisions.
The methodology may include publication research, surveys and other research
techniques, and could include both present and historical information. In this project
the researcher is using doctrinal type methodology.
RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What is accurate and correct method to solve disputes in international arena?
2. What is role of regional organisation when resolving any disputes between
nations?

3. How water scarcity arising in South Asia and reasons?


HYPOTHESIS
The Water river issues arise because of scarcity of sources.
LITERATURE REVIEW
ARTICLES
1. Center for strategic and international relations wadhwani chair in U.S
India Policy Studies
2. Attitudes to Water in South Asia chatham house report
3. understanding water conflicts in south Asia K. J. Joy and Suhas Paranjape
4. Water and Security in South Asia (WASSA) project on water river conflicts in
south Asia
5. Resource Disputes in South Asia, Water Scarcity and the potential for
interstate conflicts Office of south Asia, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency
6. South Asia water security references
7. YouTube videos on water issues
WEB SITES
1. http://maps.unomaha.edu/Peterson/geog1000/Notes/Notes_Exam3/SAsia.html
2. http://asiafoundation.org/in-asia/2015/03/25/south-asias-water-crisis-aproblem-of-scarcity-amid-abundance/
3. http://asiafoundation.org/in-asia/2012/03/21/will-conflicts-over-waterscarcity-shape-south-asias-future/

SUBMITTED BY
M.SHIREESHA
2ND SEMESTER
1ST YEAR
ROLL NO 2015065

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