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RCandLCFiltersCircuitdiagram,waveformsandworkingprincipleMyClassBook

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RCAndLCFiltersCircuitDiagram,
WaveformsAndWorkingPrinciple

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Analytical
Instrumentation
CircuitTheory
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RCAndLCFilters:

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ifriends,todaywearegoingtolearnsomebasicfiltercircuitslikeRCfilter
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andLCfilter.

RCFilter:

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RCfilter

measurements
Electronicsmini

IntheabovefiguretwosectionsofRCfilterareshown.Theseareconnectedbetween

projects

theinputcapacitorandtheloadresistor.ThevalueofRshouldbeatleast10times

FeedbackControl

greaterthanthecapacitivereactanceXc.Thereforetherippleisdroppedacrossthe

System

seriesresistorsinsteadofacrosstheloadresistor.Eachsectionreducestherippleby

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afactorof10.Thereforeaccomponentsareremovedandattheoutputwegeta

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steadydcvoltage.

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ThemaindisadvantageofRCfilteristhelossofdcvoltageacrosseachR.Therefore

Sensorsand

RCfilterissuitableonlyforlightloads.i.e.smallloadcurrent.

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LCFilters:

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RCandLCFiltersCircuitdiagram,waveformsandworkingprincipleMyClassBook
LCfilter

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InthistypeinductorLisinseriesandcapacitorCisinshuntwithload.Thechoke
(L)allowsthedccomponenttopassthrougheasilybecauseitsdcresistanceRisvery
small.ThecapacitivereactanceXcisveryhighfordcanditactsasopencircuit.All
dccurrentpassesthroughacrosswhichdcoutputvoltageisobtained.
TheinductivereactanceXL=2fLishighforaccomponents.Thereforetheripples

Mayuresh
Joshi

arereduced.EvenifanyaccurrentpassesthroughL,itflowsthroughthecapacitor
becauseofitslowcapacitivereactance.

(AssistantSystem
EngineerinTCS)

AdvantagesOfLCFilter:
1)Inchokeinputfilter,currentflowscontinuously.Thereforethetransformerisused
moreefficiently.

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2)Ripplecontentattheoutputislow.

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Output

3)Itislessdependentontheloadcurrent.

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FactoryReset

4)DCvoltagedropacrossLismuchsmallerbecauseitsderesistanceRisverysmall.

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DisadvantagesOfLCFilter:

ListofFinalYearProjectsforInstrumentation
Engineering

1)Largesizeandweightofinductors,

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2)Morecost,
3)Externalholdisproducedbyinductor.
Forprovidingsmoothestoutputvoltagetype(capacitorinput)filter
canbeused.

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