269 views

Original Title: Ladder Technique for Three Phase Power Flow

Uploaded by Sarah Jenkins

- CMPLDW Model Validation_FIDVR Events
- Ieee p3002.2 Load Flow
- Capacitor Placement in Unbalanced Power Systems.pdf
- Improved Three-Phase Power-Flow Methods Using Sequence Components - MA Akher - KM Nor - AHA Rashid
- Voltage-Drop Calculations and Power-Flow Studies for Rural Electric Distribution Lines
- 9Vol17No1
- IEEE Distribution Test Feeders
- newton raphson load flow with statcom (
- Optimal placement iof distributed generation
- Atc Enhance(2003)
- https___doc-08-74-apps-viewer.googleusercontent.pdf
- Assignment2
- 1273285
- Res - Chapter 3
- LOSS REDUCTION IN RADIAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM BY OPTIMAL PLACEMENT OF CAPACITOR USING DIFFERENTIAL EVOLUTION METHOD
- Kde12sta3 En
- Transfer Capability Computations in Deregulated Power Systems
- ps lab manual.doc
- r 2259021
- GA

You are on page 1of 5

Exercise

1.1.1. Based on three-phase models

The system shown in Error: Reference source not found can be solved using three-phase

models where we can consider the effect of the mutual impedances of the transmission

line in abc components. As this is a transmission system with transposition the effect of

the mutual impedances will not have much influence on the solution of the steady-state

values, but in abc components, one will be able to consider unbalanced conditions for

further development. The modified ladder technique can be used to solve this kind of

problems.

The ladder technique1 is composed of two parts:

i.

ii.

Forward sweep

Backward sweep

The forward sweep computes the downstream voltages from the source. To start the

process, the load currents are assumed to be equal to zero and the load voltages are

computed. In the first iteration the load voltages will be the same as the source voltages.

The backward sweep computes the currents from the load back to the source using the

most recently computed voltages from the forward sweep. This algorithm is

implemented in MATLAB based on the three-phase matrix equations derived from the

diagram in Error: Reference source not found. The software is run using DR_Ladder.m

(supporting files are phasor2rec.m, and rec2phasor.m)

DR_Ladder.m:

clear all, close all, clc

%% This is the Driving file that contains

% the Modified Ladder Iterative Technique algorithm

% Given line model data (zabc), (yabc)

% Source voltage VLGabc.n

% Load at node m in terms of impedance

%% ZabcLoad

XLoad = 2*pi*60*219.1E-3;

RLoad = 251.2;

ZabcLoad = diag((RLoad+1j*XLoad)*ones(1,3));

%% ZabcT

XT = 2*pi*60*70.16E-3;

ZabcT = diag((1j*XT)*ones(1,3));

Press, 2012.

%% Transmission Line

% Length

LineLength = 24.14; % km

% Calculate approximate Zabc from 012 sequence networks

r0 = 0.3167;

l0 = 3.222E-3;

c0 = 0.00787E-6;

z0 = r0 + 1j*2*pi*60*l0;

y0 = 1j*2*pi*60*c0;

r1

l1

c1

z1

y1

=

=

=

=

=

0.0243;

0.9238E-3;

0.0126E-6;

r1 + 1j*2*pi*60*l1;

1j*2*pi*60*c1;

zseq = [z0 0 0;

0 z1 0;

0 0 z1]; % ohms/km

yseq = [y0 0 0;

0 y1 0;

0 0 y1]; % Siemens/km

as = -1/2+1j*sqrt(3)/2;

As = [1 1 1;

1 as^2 as

1 as as^2];

% Obtain the approximate phase impedance matrix [ohms/km]

zapprox = As*zseq*As^-1;

% Obtain the approximate phase admittance matrix [Siemens/km]

yapprox = As*yseq*As^-1;

% The total impedance matrix [Zabc] in ohms is

Zabc = zapprox*LineLength; %ohms

% The total admittance matrix [Yabc] in Siemens is

Yabc = yapprox*LineLength; %ohms

%

U

a

b

c

d

A

B

= eye(3);

= U + (1/2)*Zabc*Yabc;

= Zabc;

= Yabc + (1/4)*Yabc*Zabc*Yabc;

= a;

= a^-1;

= A*b;

%% ZabcTh

RTh = 0.714;

XTh = 2*pi*60*70.68E-3;

ZabcTh = diag((RTh+1j*XTh)*ones(1,3));

%% Line-to-ground voltage of the source VLGabcn [V]

% Magnitude of the line-to-ground voltage at the source

VLG = 230/sqrt(3); % V

% Line-to-groung voltage matrix at the source

VLGabc.Thev = [phasor2rec(VLG, 0);

phasor2rec(VLG, -80);

phasor2rec(VLG, 120)]; % V

%% Ladder iterative technique settings

Start = [0; 0; 0];

Tol = 0.0001;

Niter = 200;

%% Ladder iterative technique

% Use as starting point the load current Iabc equal to 0

Iabc.Bus1 = Start;

Iabc.Bus12 = Start;

Iabc.Bus13 = Start;

Vold = [Start; Start];

for iter = 0:Niter

disp('----------------------------')

fprintf('Iteration %d\n', iter);

%% Forward Sweep Calculates voltages

% Voltages at Bus1

VLGabc.Bus1 = VLGabc.Thev - ZabcTh*Iabc.Bus1;

disp('VLGabc.Bus1')

rec2phasor(VLGabc.Bus1);

% Knowing the Iabc.Bus12 and the VLGabc.Bus1, calculate VLGabc.Bus12

VLGabc.Bus12 = A*VLGabc.Bus1 - B*Iabc.Bus12;

disp('VLGabc.Bus12')

rec2phasor(VLGabc.Bus12);

% Knowing the Iabc.Bus13 and the VLGabc.Bus12, calculate VLGabc.Bus13

VLGabc.Bus13 = VLGabc.Bus12 - ZabcT*Iabc.Bus13;

disp('VLGabc.Bus13')

rec2phasor(VLGabc.Bus13);

%% Backward Sweep Calculates current

% With the calculated VLGabc.Bus13, recalculate Iabc.Bus13

Iabc.Bus13 = (ZabcLoad^-1)*VLGabc.Bus13;

disp('Iabc.Bus13')

rec2phasor(Iabc.Bus13);

% Since Transformer and Load are in series connection

Iabc.Bus12 = Iabc.Bus13;

disp('Iabc.Bus12')

rec2phasor(Iabc.Bus12);

% Since there is a T/L

% Line current Iabc.Bus1

disp('Iabc.Bus1')

Iabc.Bus1 = c*VLGabc.Bus12 + d*Iabc.Bus12;

rec2phasor(Iabc.Bus1);

% Error calculation

Error = [abs(VLGabc.Bus12 - Vold(1:3))/(VLG);

abs(VLGabc.Bus13 - Vold(4:6))/(VLG)];

Errmax = max(Error);

if Errmax < Tol

fprintf('Error is less than the specified tolerance\n')

disp(' ')

break

elseif iter == Niter

disp('Maximum number of iterations reached!')

disp('Solution diverged')

end

Vold = [VLGabc.Bus12; VLGabc.Bus13];

end

Supporting files:

function num = phasor2rec(mag, theta)

%% phasor2rec.m converts phasor from polar to rectangular

num = mag*cosd(theta) + 1i*mag*sind(theta);

%% rec2phasor.m converts phasor from rectangular to polar and displays it

magnitude = abs(rec);

angleDeg = angle(rec)*180/pi;

num = [magnitude angleDeg];

formatSpec = '%4.3f < %2.4f deg\n';

disp(' ')

fprintf(formatSpec, num.')

disp(' ')

Since this is an iterative technique a tolerance of Tol = 0.0001 is used, and after 7

iterations the solution is found and presented here:

----------------------------

Iteration 7

VLGabc.Bus1

127.225 < -4.6336 deg

127.054 < -84.7290 deg

127.466 < 115.2423 deg

VLGabc.Bus12

123.687 < -6.7327 deg

126.179 < -87.1626 deg

125.563 < 114.6727 deg

VLGabc.Bus13

119.435 < -11.9971 deg

121.840 < -92.4266 deg

121.245 < 109.4082 deg

Iabc.Bus13

0.452 < -30.1988 deg

0.461 < -110.6283 deg

0.459 < 91.2064 deg

Iabc.Bus12

0.452 < -30.1988 deg

0.461 < -110.6283 deg

0.459 < 91.2064 deg

Iabc.Bus1

0.446 < -28.6684 deg

0.456 < -108.9606 deg

0.452 < 92.9375 deg

Error is less than the specified tolerance

- CMPLDW Model Validation_FIDVR EventsUploaded byscutparis
- Ieee p3002.2 Load FlowUploaded byGary Moline Pe
- Capacitor Placement in Unbalanced Power Systems.pdfUploaded bytonhofabio
- Improved Three-Phase Power-Flow Methods Using Sequence Components - MA Akher - KM Nor - AHA RashidUploaded byIndra Aditama
- Voltage-Drop Calculations and Power-Flow Studies for Rural Electric Distribution LinesUploaded byjaach78
- 9Vol17No1Uploaded byImon Khan
- IEEE Distribution Test FeedersUploaded byAdriano Almeida
- newton raphson load flow with statcom (Uploaded bybodhas8924
- Optimal placement iof distributed generationUploaded byGerson Contreras
- Atc Enhance(2003)Uploaded byVishnu Basetti
- https___doc-08-74-apps-viewer.googleusercontent.pdfUploaded byMárcio Augusto Tamashiro
- Assignment2Uploaded byAnil Prasad
- 1273285Uploaded byDipak Kumar
- Res - Chapter 3Uploaded bykarl
- LOSS REDUCTION IN RADIAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM BY OPTIMAL PLACEMENT OF CAPACITOR USING DIFFERENTIAL EVOLUTION METHODUploaded byeditor3854
- Kde12sta3 EnUploaded byCarlos Gonzalo
- Transfer Capability Computations in Deregulated Power SystemsUploaded byjaach78
- ps lab manual.docUploaded byR.SRIKANTH
- r 2259021Uploaded bysincos1983
- GAUploaded bysahastra244122
- RIL CoE Earthing SpecsUploaded byDINESH
- Propogation of Unbalance in Electrical Power SystemsUploaded byNeethu Eappan
- Real-Kusekwa_Time State Estimation of a Distributed Electrical...Uploaded byGODFREY
- LIne Synchronisation ModuleUploaded bychandan211
- V1Uploaded byAnonymous Y7WZ3dqoXh
- iee paperUploaded byprabhjot singh1
- Refurbishment Power Engieneeting Electrical LappiesUploaded byMohd Azlan
- ece4762011lect12-140414182552-phpapp01Uploaded bysitakantasamantaray
- s 2807014Uploaded byJavier Valencia Murillo
- Progress-Energy-Florida-Inc-Residential-ServiceUploaded byGenability

- S Phase Mot IntroUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Quilotoa EcuadorUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Magnetic Flux Lines_withGap 1cmUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Magnetic Circuit FEM viewUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Speed Regulator ParametersUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Synchronous GeneratorUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Electric System CharacteristicsUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- ElectricMachine Contents en SPUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Line TablesUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Electromechanical Systems SummaryUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Fundamentos Máquina DCUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Ladder Technique for Three Phase Power FlowUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- MagneticCircuit GapUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Density Plot Magnetic Circuit With GapUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Summary 3002.2Uploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Calendario Academico 2015 B Aprobado en Primera1Uploaded byIsraelLoaiza
- Calendario Academico 2015 B Aprobado en Primera1Uploaded byIsraelLoaiza
- PC Platform Compilers for PSS®E - Smart Grid Solutions - SiemensUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Calendario Académico 2016 AUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Smart MetersUploaded byagbekas
- Three-phase Circuits and pf Correction ExercisesUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Shunt ElementsUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Funciones en MATLABUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Curva de Capacidad Generador SincrónicoUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Graficos MATLABUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Exciter modelsUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- Ladder Technique for Three Phase Power FlowUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- TL Parameters Using Tower Type PFUploaded bySarah Jenkins
- iPod Status LightsUploaded bySarah Jenkins

- ADMA Asia Pacific Digital Marketing Yearbook 2007Uploaded byMisterAsia
- Camu Camu InvestigacionUploaded byJulissa Noemi Estrada Talexcio
- Spec DC-30 (4D Obgyn)(1).pdfUploaded byHendroDwiMargono
- orpheus and eurydiceUploaded byapi-243077704
- Magdalene College Cambridge, Magazine 2009-10Uploaded byFuzzy_Wood_Person
- LEGAL MEDICINE.docxUploaded byMaria Helen Macarayan-Romualdo
- Universal Grammar 1Uploaded byFatin Fasihah
- Chapter 10 SoSUploaded byAnonymous bsDMHEX
- CIM Ministry Update (Dec. 2011)Uploaded byCim India
- Mil Std 648dUploaded byGeorgeKKonsolas
- Storm Water retention Structure-UAE approvalsUploaded byHemant Chauhan
- Kalon Women January 2012 Digital MagazineUploaded bySandra Morgan
- SMFE_Bibliography.pdfUploaded bysamanta pandey
- cert 12Uploaded bysurya
- Research-Paper-PR.docUploaded byChristine Viola Yongshinting
- Solar Charger CircuitUploaded bygopir28
- Collegian 160 5 FinalUploaded byfrankepreston
- Environmental Science.pptUploaded byjohnfarts
- Manual de goniometríaUploaded byEd Román
- Isolation Platelet 1990.PDFUploaded byDavid Seavor
- Pirelli 2017.pdfUploaded byEdwin Ttito
- english_renderings_of_thiruarutpa.pdfUploaded byRama Subramanian
- Lec 02 - Organisational StructuresUploaded byRamesh Babu
- Operative WitchcraftUploaded byInner Traditions Publicity
- 87343135-Turbine-Stress-Evaluator.pdfUploaded byLakshmi Narayan
- Weed It and WeepUploaded byBrandon Zenner
- BTS3900 Site Maintenance Terminal User Guide-(V300R008_02)Uploaded byBinh
- The Effect of Filler on Asphalt Cement Mastics. IowaUploaded byCatalinaLixandru
- Phase Characteristics & Vibration AnalysisUploaded byChristopher Garcia
- Fpc 100 InstUploaded byMiguel Angel