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12/16/2014

UNimperialscrewthreadcalculator

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Unified National Imperial Screw Thread Calculator


(All dimensions are in inches)

Thread builder
Definition: 31/48UN
Basic diameter:

3.125

Threads per inch:

11

Designation: UNS
Class: 2A
no. Starts: 1

Thread Data
Definition: (3.125)11 UNS 2A
(External)

Common Inch
Screw Threads

Diameters:
Major diameter: 79.325
Pitch diameter: 77.825
Minor diameter: 76.575
Over wires: 81.825

Dimensions are in inches


Wire diameters:

/
/
/
/

Definition

79.017
77.658
76.017
81.658

1.333Best
reComputewires

Compute

Tolerances:
Allowance: 0.050
Major diameter: 0.308
Pitch diameter: 0.167
Minor diameter: 0.558
Length of engagement: 20.782

VShape:
Pitch: 2.309
Real pitch: 2.309
Crest flat: 0.467
Crest radius max: 0.250
Root flat: 0.418
Root radius: 0.241
Thread depth: 1.654
Flank length: 1.910

/ 0.192
/
/
/
/

0.289
0.167
1.221
1.410

Lead angle:
Major diameter: 0.53
Pitch diameter: 0.54
Minor diameter: 0.55
Unit precision:
Dimensions are in:

2
Inch

Millimeter
ThreadEngine:v0.95

http://theoreticalmachinist.com/Threads_UnifiedImperial.aspx

0000160
000120
00112
0090
#080 UNF
#172 UNF
#164 UNC
#256 UNC
#264 UNF
#348 UNC
#356 UNF
#436 UNS
#440 UNC
#448 UNF
#540 UNC
#544 UNF
#632 UNC
#640 UNF
#832 UNC
#836 UNF
#1024 UNC
#1028 UNS

Diameter
0.0210
0.0340
0.0470
0.0470
0.0600
0.0730
0.0730
0.0860
0.0860
0.0990
0.0990
0.1120
0.1120
0.1120
0.1250
0.1250
0.1380
0.1380
0.1640
0.1640
0.1900
0.1900

#1032 UNF
0.1900
#1036 UNS
0.1900
#1040 UNS
0.1900
#1048 UNS
0.1900
#1056 UNS
0.1900
#1224 UNC
0.2160
#1228 UNF
0.2160
16 September
2012
#1232 UNEF
0.2160
#1236 UNS
0.2160
#1240 UNS
0.2160
#1248 UNS
0.2160
#1256 UNS
0.2160
1/420 UNC
0.2500
1/424 UNS
0.2500
1/427 UNS
0.2500
1/428 UNF
0.2500
1/432 UNEF
0.2500
1/436 UNS
0.2500
1/440 UNS
0.2500
1/448 UNS
0.2500
1/456 UNS
0.2500
5/1618 UNC
0.3125
5/1620 UN
0.3125
5/1624 UNF
0.3125
5/1627 UNS
0.3125
5/1628 UN
0.3125
5/1632 UNEF
0.3125
5/1636 UNS
0.3125

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UNimperialscrewthreadcalculator

Glossary
Threadcalculator:
AllcalculatedresultsarebasedonBasicoutsidediameter,numberofthreadsper
inch,seriesdesignationandclasstolerances.
Thealgorithmsusedforthiscalculatorarebasedonthe"my"bestinterpretation
oftheANSI/ASMEB1.11989specification.
ImperialUN:(ImperialUnifiedNationalthreadform)
Astandardthatdescribestheshapeofaninternalorexternalthreadusing
imperialinchdimensions.Makingathreadthatfollowthesespecificationswill
ensurethatitwillworkwiththreadedholesorshaftsmadebyother
manufacturersthatfollowthesecommonspecs.
Outsidediameter:
Thisisthebiggestdiameterofthehelicalportionofathread.Thebiggestexternal
diameterofaScreworthebiggestinternaldiameterofathreadedhole.
NOTE:Thesizeofthehexagonofaboltornuthasnorelevancewhendefininga
threadsize.
TPI:(Threadsperinch)
Thenumberofthread,or"V"salongaoneinchlengthwhichinturns,definesthe
sizeofthe"V"shapeofthehelicalportionofathread.
NOTE:Ifthelengthofthethreadedportionofascreworthreadedholeisshorter
orlongerthanoneinch,thesizeofthe"V"shapeisstilldefinedbythenumberof
http://theoreticalmachinist.com/Threads_UnifiedImperial.aspx

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UNimperialscrewthreadcalculator
orlongerthanoneinch,thesizeofthe"V"shapeisstilldefinedbythenumberof
threadthatwouldfitalongaoneinchlength.
threadseriesdesignation:(UN,UNC,UNF,UNEF,UNS)
Thethreadseriesisgenerallyrelativetotheoutsidediameterofthescrew.20
threadsperinchona1/4"diameterscrewisconsideredcoarse:1/420UNC.Ona
3/4"diameterscrew,20threadsperinchisconsideredextrafine:3/420UNEF.It
alsoplaysaroleindeterminingthelengthofengagement.
UN:standardseriesthread.
UNC:coarsethreadseries.
UNF:finethreadseries.
UNEF:extrafinethreadseries.
UNS:specialthreadseries.
UNR:standardseriesthreadwithroundedroot.(Thisseriesisnotsupported)
UNJ:highstressseriesthreadwithlargeroundedrootonexternalscrewthread
(Thisseriesisnotsupported)
Classtolerances:(Ifunsure,useclass2Aforexternalor2Bforinternal)
Toleranceclasses1A,2Aand3Aapplytoexternalthread
Toleranceclasses1B,2Band3Bapplytointernalthreads.
Theclasstolerancedeterminesthesizeofthegapbetweenthepitchdiametersof
theinternalandexternalthread.class1Aand1Bhavethelargestgaptoclass3A
and3Bwhichhavethesmallestgap.Mostcommonlyusedaretheclasses2Aand
2B.thetoleranceclasses2Aand2Barewithinclasses1Aand1B.
No.ofstarts:
Thisisthequantityofhelicalentriesalongthelengthofthescrews.Mostscrews
haveonly1butathreadwithmultiplestartsadvanceagreaterdistanceforeach
turn.
Definition:
Thisisthestandardwayofdefiningascrewthread.example:7/818UNS2A2
starts
7/8:Basicoutsidediameter.Canbeafractions,screwnumber#0#12,ora
decimalnumber.
18:Threadsperinch.Canbeadecimalnumbersuchas4.5threadsperinch.
UNS:Threadseriesdesignation.
2A:Classtolerance.determinesifitisanexternalorinternalthread.
2starts:Numberofstarts.Itdoesnotneedtobespecifiedfor1startthreads.
Diameters:
Majordiameter:themaximumandminimumsizesoftheoutsidediameterofa
screw
Pitchdiameter:theMaximumandminimumsizeswherethe1/2Pitchintersects
withinthe"V"shapeofthescrewthread.(thisisthemostimportantdimensionof
athread)
Minordiameter:Themaximumandminimumsizesofthesmallestdiameterofthe
screwthreads
Overwiresdistance:thesearethemaximumandminimumdistancesifusing3
wiresofthesamesizetomeasurethedimensionclosetothepitchdiameterofan
externalthread.
WireDiameters:Diameterofthewiresusedtomeasurethedimensioncloseto
thepitchdiametertheexternalscrewthread.
Tolerances:
Allowance:Fundamentaldeviationofthebasicsize,appliesonlyto1Aand2A
externalclasses
Major/Pitch/Minordiameters:Thedifferencebetweenthemaximumandminimum
diameters.
Lengthofengagement:Basiclengthofthreadengagementthatisdefinedbya
combinationofthreadseries,pitchanddiameter.(Nottobeconfusedwiththe
lengthofathread)
VShape:
Pitch:Thedistancebetween2adjacent"V"shapes.
Realpitch:Thedistancebetween"V"safterfollowingahelicalpatharoundthe
diameterofthescrew.
Crestflat:Maximumandminimumsizeoftheflatattipofeachthreadpitch.
Crestradiusmax:Themaximumradiusthatwillfitontheminimumcrestsize.
Rootflat:Maximumandminimumflatsatbottomof"V"thatwillallowthe
greatestrange.
Rootradius:Maximumandminimumradiusthatwillallowgreatestrange.
Threaddepth:Maximumandminimumthreaddepththatwillallowgreatestrange.
Flanklength:Maximumandminimumflanklegththatwillallowgreatestrange.
Leadangle:
Major/Pitch/Minordiameters:Theresultingangleifyouweretounwrapthehelix
atoneofthesediameters.

UpdateNote(v0.95):
CodyW.Geislerreportedanerrorinthecalculationofthemaximummajor
diameterofaninternalthread.Theerrorreturnedavaluethatwassmallerthan
necessary.Thisdidnotresultinthreadsthatwouldnotbewithinspecification.The
effectoftheerroneousvaluewouldhaveimposedunnecessaryprecisiontothose

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UNimperialscrewthreadcalculator
effectoftheerroneousvaluewouldhaveimposedunnecessaryprecisiontothose
manufacturinginternalthreadwhorespectedthemaximummajordiameterresult.
Mr.Geisleralsosuppliedthemathtocorrecttheissue.Manythanksforthe
contribution!Martin
Last Updated: 28 August 2014

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