rsstetttefc

;}jf

to

REV. EGERTON RYERSON

770,3

6OOO
CHINESE CHARACTERS
WITH

JAPANESE PRONUNCIATIO
AND

JAPANESE AND ENGLISH
RENDERINGS

BY
J.

IRA JONES, A.B. H. V.

S.

KYO BUN KWAN
TOKYO

PEEKE,

D.D.

CONTENTS
PAGE

PREFACE

...

...

...

...

...

vn-ix

INTRODUCTION

TABLE

OF

SOUNDS

COMBINATIONS OF

OF THE kana

PRODUCED

BY

CERTAIN

TWO OR MORE LETTERS
...

LIST OF THE 214 RADICALS

...

...

...

...

...

...

OF CHARACTERS WHOSE

OBSCURE

x

XI-XX

1-212

DICTIONARY
I.IST

v-vi

...

...

RADICALS

...

LIST OF USEFUL GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES

...

ARE
...213-219

22O-223

PREFACE.
Some years ago the present writer discovered a small ChineseJapanese dictionary containing five thousand characters. It was
in fact just what he wanted, but
fairly well printed, was portable,
it was nearly out of print.
He was fortunate enough to obtain a
dozen copies in an obscure book-shop, and made it a practice to present a copy to young missionaries of special linguistic promise.
One of these books was given to Rev. J. Ira Jones, a student

missionary at Fukuoka. When Mr. Jones took up the study of the
Chinese characters in earnest, he applied the index principle to the
dictionary. There was nothing original in indexing the side
margin with numbers for the sets of radicals from one stroke to
seventeen. But the indexing of the lower margin for the radicals
little

themselves, thus subdividing the side indexes, deserves the credit of
a new invention. By the first, the time required for finding a

character was cut one fourth
tional

two

;

by the second,

it

was reduced an

addi-

fourths.

Calling upon

him

in September, 1913, the writer

saw the

ingeni-

learned that Mr. Jones had conceived the idea
of a re-print of the dictionary in question, with the index feature
added. Conversation developed a plan for an entirely new dictionary

ous arrangement,

of something

at:d

over five

thousand characters,

with Romaji and

English features, of pocket size, and indexed. In the end the five
thousand characters grew to six thousand. However, it is hoped
that the disadvantage of a somewhat thicker book will be fully offset
by the greater certainty of finding the character sought.
Mr. Jones at once began the task of selecting characters and preparing copy. Laboring for several months quite alone, he had
blocked out the work and accomplished a good deal, when circum-

stances connected with the health of his family necessitated his return
to the United States, leaving to his associate the completion and
revision of the copy, and the carrying of the book through the press.
It is at least unusual that this collaboration has, of
necessity,

PREFACE.

VI

been carried on with the minimum of mutual consultation.

How-

may perhaps be

appropriateness in the fact that the younger collaborator has furnished largely the initiative, ingenuity and
ever, there

energy requisite for launching the enterprise, while it has been reserved for the older, and necessarily more experienced member, to
furnish the caution and

care

necessary to

carry the

project

to

completion.

The compilers have proceeded on
successfully completed their task, they

the assumption that

if

they

would have rendered an un-

usual service to missionary and other students of the Japanese language, and it is to be hoped that, in a measure at least, they have
attained their purpose.
Careful examination has been made of existing dictionaries pre-

pared by Europeans in recent years, and of the dictionary which
primarily suggested this book, although special confidence has been
reposed in the Kan-wa Dai Jirin, of the Ikubunkwan. Acknowledgement is due, also, to Mr. S. Tanaka, of the Saga Chu Gakko, and Mr.
T. Sasaki, of the Kyushu Gakuin, for very considerable assistance.
It

can hardly be expected that the (work

that the judgment of the editors as

is

shown

mechanically correct, or

in their renderings will be

all, but it is hoped that inaccuracies are few and not
such as seriously to impair the usefulness of the book. It must be
remembered that a pocket dictionary of such a language as the
Chinese, with renderings in Japanese and in English, has its neces-

approved by

sary limitations.

An

especially kind

judgment is bespoken for the index feature.
time that an index of this peculiar kind has been attempted, and granting even that its printing and cutting is mechanicIt is

the

first

ally correct, only experience can show whether the best form has
been chosen, and whether the kind of paper selected, or indeed,
whether any paper, will, without curling or tearing, stand the strain
to which it will be subjected. But even though only partial success

in this direction

crowns our

efforts, the benefits,

we

feel sure, will

not be small.

H. V.
Saga, January, 1915.

S.

PEEKE.

INTRODUCTION.
the

Since the purpose of the compilers of this dictionary has from
been that of assisting fellow students, it will not be amiss to

first

offer a

few words of suggestion as

ly the needs of those

who

to its use, having in

mind

especial-

are beginning the study of Chinese

characters.

The book
its

is

meant

to be suggestive rather than exhaustive, so

purpose will not have been achieved

to pursue inquiries far

beyond what

is

many

if

are not helped by

offered here.

The

it

six thou-

sand odd characters given will be found, however, to cover quite
thoroughly the ground traversed by most writers. It is claimed that
anyone mastering the four thousand characters given in Mr. Lay's
excellent dictionary will be able to read the columns of the Japanese
press with ease.

made

Naturally

much more can be

collection of six thousand characters.

said for a carefully

Prof. B.

H. Chamberlain

us that 9,500 is the maximum number of characters employed
in this country ; of which 3,000 are exceedingly rare. Of the Tokyo
" The number of characters
kept on hand
printing offices, he says,
in all the usual varieties of size and 'face' is 6,100; but this again
tells

must be regarded as a maximum, an abundantly
Moji no Shirube, p. 6.)

liberal limit."

(See

The Chinese
eminently are.

characters are called ideographs, and such they
But the exact form and limitations of the "idea''

pictured are often left very vague, and the student will not find it
easy to accustom himself to this vagueness. The same character
may be used to represent the idea in a verbal form, either active or
passive, as a noun, singular or plural, as

an adjective or an adverb.

could hardly be expected that all this would be brought out in a
pocket dictionary, so the student will often be obliged to work his
It

imagination hard.

Some

characters are

more frequently used

to

express a transitive action, some a name, some a modifying idea, but
that does not preclude other uses on occasion.

INTRODUCTION.

VIII

In order to make use of even an indexed dictionary like this, it is
most desirable that the student should master the radical?, giving
especial attention to those under which the most characters are
found. The preface to Dr. Gring's Eclectic Chinese-JapaneseEnglish Dictionary gives excellent suggestions, and Chamberlain's
Moji no Shirube is, of course, a classic. No less essential is it to

with the number of strokes in the

become thoroughly

familiar

radicals, their order,

and the method of writing.

beginning on
to

this latter task will

recommend

Chinese

his

own

Characters,

be well spent.

Time spent in the
The writer ventures

brochure, Suggestions for the Study of the
which special attention is given to the

in

method of writing the

radicals, and to the order of strokes.
In this dictionary the contractions of the radicals are noted,
not only alongside the radical contracted, but separately in the list
of radicals. For example, ? (san-sui) is a contraction of a four-stroke
radical,

7jt,

and properly has no place in the list of three-stroke
convenience this and other contractions written

radicals, but for

with three strokes, are listed in that place. Similarly, contractions
written with four strokes are listed after the four-stroke radicals.
It

may be

well to call attention to a

are confusing, but must be borne with.

number of irregularities that
The contraction -H-, of $fy

(kusa-kammuri), is evidently written with three strokes of the brush,
but as a matter of fact it is always counted as four strokes when

characters with
IS

of

it

are classified in the dictionary.

& (dzato-heti), and

ft

of

JfL (kozato-heti),

The

contraction

are undoubtedly written

with two strokes of the brush, but they are nevertheless counted as
having three strokes. The four-stroke contraction %, (of JO is often
written and printed in such a way as to suggest but three strokes.
In the character %, at the lower left-hand corner is a hook that
seems surely to require two strokes of the brush, but that particular
hook is always counted as a single stroke wherever found.
It will

not do to think that there

is

anything hit or miss about

writing the characters and counting the strokes. It is true that
there is much faulty writing and there are many so-called vulgar
characters, but the best dictionaries

discriminate very

carefully,

INTRODUCTION

IX

and note exactly what is the correct and what the common usage,
and there is a proper method of counting strokes that can be implicitly relied on.

It is

sometimes annoying to find a character

classified

under a

when apparently there is as much reason for classifying it under another, and it was suggested that in this book an attempt be made to list the characters under all possible radicals, but
certain radical

would have teen taking a liberty with the scholarship of the
ages alongside which the most extreme English spelling reform
would be a mere nothing, and the attempt was not made.
number of abbreviations have been introduced. Ab.f.= Abthat

A

breviated for; Alt.f.= Alternative for; Com.
for; Com.

Common

Inc.= Incorrect form

;

/.^Common or vulgar
or vulgar (f-) form; Equiv. Equivalent to;
" "
before a
C0r,=Correct form. The mark
H

radical in the margin indicates that the

list

of characters under

it

begins on the reverse of the page.
The mark " O " found before certain characters indicates that
they are among those that Prof. Chamberlain has referred to as
"Just these 2,450 indispensable characters." The endeavour has

been made to group these at the beginning of each set having a
primitive of the same number of strokes under a given radical.

SOUNDS PRODUCED BY CERTAIN COMBINATIONS OF TWO
OR MORE LETTERS OF THE KANA.
From

the following

letters as presenting

are theoretical.

79=5

list

of combinations are omitted ttigori-ed

no special

difficulties.

Combinations marked *

XI

LIST OF
214

THE

RADICALS CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO

THE NUMBER OF STROKES.

-

XII

L

Baku.

25

XIII

A,

Yd.

52

XIV

^

XV

-^

XVI
115

Ketsu, kechi.

116

^ (Oi-kammuri).

(Ana-kammuri).
ritsu.

Ryu,

124

C/, 0.

(Hane-kammuri).

(Nogi-heti).

125

126

117

(Tatsu-heri}.

Contracted Radicals.

^a/,

r*.

127

(Suki-hen}.

128
(Mimi-hen).
Itsu, ichi.

129

130

-I91

(Mku-zuki).

131

/V

ffy
1

J

Chiku, toku.
*ft

118

(Take-kammuri).

JtfA

Bd, mai.

7|v

(Kome-heti).

Beki, myt

132
119

133
120
131

(Ito-hen).

121

rqp
122

136

(Ami-gashira).
nn, TC,

M,

w.

137

ft

(Me-gashira).

123
(Hitsuji-hen\

135

&

138

XVII

B
/.

Shoku, sliki.

XVIII

&

XIX

*,,.
jlj

197

6000

CHINESE CHARACTERS
CHINESE-JAPANESE-ENGLISH
RADICAL ORDER.
Z,u t ina, sezu, arazu.

i Stroke radical.
21 Characters.

Not, negative verbal suffix.
it

i~T*

=3-

4

One, the beginning.

*Ushi.

Hinoto, tsuyoi, ataru, sakan.

^ The second zodiacal

The

4

V J

fourth

calendar

^

sign, fourth in order, D,
3\5 of one ri, flourishing.

ab.f.

vJJ

Ten

"Fl^*

Take, Jisshaku.
Ten Shaku, about 10

y^>* ~p

thousand,

&
-riTi
ft.

stature,

quantity.

s>

^

Mitsu.

JI^v

Three.

I
J

v

Pi

r^
\

y>

Kami,

ue, noboru,

Shimo, shita, moto, kudaru.
Below, inferior, low, under, to descend, send

down.

world, age, times.

^

Hinoc, akiraka.
third calendar sign,
third in order, C.

KM 4 The

Futatsu.
Two, both.

ab. f.

ffi

Tasukeru, tsugu, ukeru.

To

help, join, receive.

Narabu, awaseru.
be arranged in a
row, together with, to

To

Ataeru.
give.

mata,

Oinaru, hajime.
Large, the beginning.

agaru.
Above, high, superior,
first, to ascend, send up.

To

karisome,

A mound.

all.

measure,

Eng.

Katsu,

The

Yorozu.

[the ox.
sign,

Again, moreover.

Nanatsu.
Seven.

^TT^v

Kou, ataeru.
beg, bestow.

To

Hitotsu, hajime.

ib.f.

join.

ab.f.

flr

Ijfel?
jjp

I Stroke radical.
7 Characters.

3
*

~7

4 Kinoto.

4

;^C#
_9l+y

Majiwaru, tagaini.

To

associate with,

mu-

ose.
J^/ft^ix Nori, okilc,

6
Osa, kashira, oji.
the head, a
chief,
elder brother,
parent's
a count.

A

Buddha, France.
Nasu, tsukuru.
To perform, make, build.

Tomo, tomonau.

A companion, to

accom-

Amaneku,
Everywhere, to spread.

pany.
Noleru, nobiru.

To

Omoneru, hetsurau.

To

stretch.

seru.

Strong, to unite strength.

Niru, shimesu, nmneru.

resemble,

wo awa-

Tsuyoi, chikara

enquire, spy.

To

flatter, artful.

show, to
Oi, moromoro, tsuyoi.

mimic.

Many,

all,

strong.

Togi, nasubi.

A

nurse, attendant, eggplant.
Equiv. $ff

Tsukuda, tsukurida, laga-

A rice'field,
Irt

to

till,

hunt.

r=

Mitsugi, atai, uru, kau.
Tax, price, to sell, buy.

Nagusatneru, nwieasobu.
comfort, play with.

To

TtL v

But, however, only.

Seshimeru, shitagau.
To cause to do, follow.

tr*->+

Tatazumu.

Susutnazu, shirizoku, todo-

y.

Tada, tadashi.

IT a To stand

still.

To
Rank,

grade,

position,

stand

withdraw,

still,

to be impeded.
Osoreru, awatadashii.

degree.

To respectfully

fear, flur-

ried.

Low.

katachi.

Surnu, todomaru.
To dwell, stay.

Fleshy, stout.

Tasukeru.
To save, assist.

To

Tasukeru, saiwai.
save, help, blessing.

Tanoshimu, yasuraka.
/jrf *
|KJ

What, now, why, where.

amari.
3 Ware,
I,

my, the remainder,

more

than.

too,

Equiv.

fj

To

delight

in,

enjjy,

tranquil.

Hoka, yokoshima. LH
Other, wayward.

7
6

8
Unagasu, semaru.

To urge,
Niwaka

Tomogara,

1

dun, press upon.

coterie,
fellows.

fa

^ Sugureru, toshi.
v To excel, eminent,

,

ukaqau.

'

Illustration,
spy.

smart.

vulgar,

Torino.

v

rustic.

iyashii.

A custom, mean,

secular.

>,

example, to

Iyashii.

Common,
y Narawashi,

A

companions,

ni.

Suddenly.

ff

tsure.

A

kaotsuki.

Omokage,
Face, figure.

ft
'

captive.

Tamotsu, yasunzuru.
preserve,
protect>
to be contented.

To

Osameru, tsukurou, totonou.
practice, repair, be
arranged.

To

j Fusu, utsumuku.
To look down, to bow
the head.

Matsu.

To

wait.
All, together.

Otokodate.

A

helper
pressed.
^.

3,

of

the

op-

Makoto, otozure, noberu.

n v Truth,

faith,

Tawamure.
Sport, play.

tidings, to

Tau-ara.

A straw bag.

tell.

i,

\v

ningydt hajime.

A statue, image, the first

Tamamono, fuchi.
Salary, rations.

instance.

^

Fusu, utsumuku,tsutomeru t
lie down, face down,
labor, exert one's self.

A godown, storehouse.

* To

s/

Wardbe, kodomo,

*

A child,

^

Tsutsushitnu.

To

An auxiliary

numeral.

yoi.

good.

reverence.

O^f To

increase, multiply.

Taoreru, sakashima.
fall
over, upside

To
Jinrikisha.

down.

Manaita t
chopping board.

To

,

y

n

A

kari

ni.

borrow, rent, tempo-

rarily.

* Umu,

To

V

v

akiru.

be tired

Saiwai, magure-zaiwai.
Blessed, happy, luck.

of.

Nori, sujimichi, tomogara.
rule, regulation, principle, coterie.

A

*,

Naraberu, awaseru.

To

shirushi.

To be (an auxiliary verb),

Takunii, ivaza.

to spy, enquire, a sign.

Skill, ability,

Masu,-seshimeru, niramu.
To increase, cause to do,
glare at.

ji,

,

To

To

'

Yugeit yawaragu.
Light accomplishments,
to harmonize.

be proud.

>

Okii, hanayaka.

1

Grand, gay.

(

Yamato.
Japan.

'
r

Kan.
Temporary.

Utsukushii, yatou, tsuratsura,

Beautiful, to hire, thoroly.
soeru.
JhGC * Segare,
son (one's
JT^ 4

A

add

*

Oinaru.

.
(
'

Large, admirable.

ow'n), to

to.

Katayoru, hitoe ni.
be partial,
incline,

.

31

*

Ware, oinaru.
I,

'To

great.

Kowai,

*

imitate, study.

To

/m *
t
v

katayoru.

incline, rely on.

Au, ataru, atai.
meet, value price.

'

Oroka, isogashii.
Foolish, busy.

To

a deed.

Narau.

,

Tachimachi, sumiyaka.
Immediately, quickly.

l/iS a

be arranged in order,

to join.

Stiff,

earnestly.

tsuyoi.

strong.

* Well, so then, now.

^ Hajime,
*

The

nasu, sugureru.
beginning, to do, ex-

Nasu, tsukuru.
perform, do, mate.

cellent.

^ Kuruu,
v To be

as

*

To
taoreru.

^ Todomaru.

insane, to fall over.

Futoru, koeru, tomogara.
To be fat, plump, a sign
of the plural.

JL

A
A
n

To

4

stop, stay.

Takeshii, sukoyaka, tsuyoi.

4-

Brave, healthy, strong.

7

JL

P

U

73

C

10
y Soba, katawara.

* The

side,

one

jf

v

side.

Tamatama, au.
to

Occasionally,

g Oinaru, sakan.

agree,

4 Large, flourishing.

even (number).

# Katadoru, narau.
v To model after, imitate.

y Kurushimu,
'*

h

v

isogashii.
suffer, busy.

To

Nusumu, karogaroshii,

* Moydsu, unagasu.

lya-

4

shikumo.

To

steal, trifling, at

Anadoru, ogoru.
To disdain, be proud.

all.

To

organize,

[n Fusu, ndbiku.

v

\

To

lie

To

press on.

y

*

i,

To

down, bend over.

tsukau.

employ.

Tsutaeru, ichidaiki.
transmit, hand on, a

.

JjJ^

prepare,

urge.

To

biography.
tsutomcru.
strive, to be diligent.

Hagemu,

To

^\

;^.

4
,

*

'fB V
it

Takeshii.

Valiant, brave.

JK
'

p

Tomo

Katamuku.

M^.1 To incline to one side.

? Ukagau, saguru.

To

enquire

after,

spy,

search.

10

Kashizuku, tasukeru, mori.
wait on, assist, a

[

To

-

nurse.
,

Katawara,

The
.

tsukuri.
side, the phonetic.

Sugurcru, hiideru.

To

excel.

Karakasa.
umbrella (Japanese).

An

Sonaeru.

To

Itamu, kizutsuku, kizu.
To hurt, injure, a wound.

ni.

4 With, together.
4

Oime, kariru.

A debt, loan, to borrow.

prepare, offer.

/ig** Wazuka, hotondo.
v
little, almost.

|M A

AgLjv Hataraku.
To work, labor.

11/J^

B Semushi, kagamu.
hunch-back, to crouch.

*

.fe

*

A

Mwa,

kotogotoku.
All, entirely.

Kagamu, semushi.

To

bend, a hunch-back.

Itsuwari, nise.
lie, counterfeit.

A

10

11
Katachi, katadoru.
to shape like.

Imashimeru.

An image,

To

Shimobe, ware.
servant, I.

A

I,

Bozu.

Monoshiri.

Ware,

A Buddhist priest.

Mina, mama.

Yadori, takai.

All, condition.

Norikoeru, midasu.
usurp, confuse.

Yatou.

To

hire.

Warawa,

kare, hito.
he, others.

A scholar, Confucianist.

A stopping place, high.
To

admonish.

Tomogara, nakama.

shimobe.

A child, servant.

A coterie, fellowship.

To rejoice,

Yorokobu, tanoshimu.
be glad.

A company, sort, alike.

Motomeru, saiwai.

Yasashii, masaru, sugureru, yutaka.
Mild, to be superior,

To

Nakama,

seek, desire, lucky.

tagui, shitoshii.

abundant.

Tomo.
companion, colleague.

A

'f

Tsukunou.

v To compensate, redeem.
Atai, neuchi, nedan.

Ayatsuri-ningyo.

Value, price.

A puppet.

Katayoru, higamu, kuse.
To be prejudiced, a bad

:f.

3
\

habit.

Narabu,fufu.

Hakaru.
One hundred million, to
measure.

A rule,

i,

To

be aligned,

man and

wife.
Utsukushii, oni-yarai.
Beautiful,
driving

katachi.

ceremony, good,

out

devils.

appearance.

y

Ogosoka, tsutsushimu.
to reverence.

Bt

Sugureru,

* Solemn,

Tsuzumayaka.
Economical.
Taoreru, fusu.
To fall over, lie

Takuwaeru, mokeru.
lay up, earn (money).

To

V
down.

JL

n

moshi,

iyashi-

kumo.
Excellent,

if,

JL

U

7}

a

at

all.

12
Ko, clngo.

II iftlf

/LfftU
/UHl*

Com. ft

Child, infant.

17 Characters.

Kabuto.
helmet.

A

uu

Hito.

Kisou, osoreru, tsuyoi.

Man-

To compete,

Hagetaru.
Bald.

2 Stroke radical.

\

Moto, hajime, kashira.
Origin, beginning, head.

it

Makoto, yurusu, ataru.

True, to grant, conform.

To

An

Uchi, iru, ireru.
Inside, among, to enter,

elder brother.

enter, put in.

in.

Michiru, ategau.

To

fill,

complete,

Mattai, maltaku.

ap-

Whole, complete,

portion.
Kizashi.

A sign, omen,

perfect.

Futatsu.

a billion.

^Two,

7, mazu, sakinzuru.
Front,
before,
well,
past, to go first.

M

Iri-gashira.

Hi* 5 Characters.

put

ft

fear, strong

both,

Shikari, iyoiyo.

Yes,

more and more.
2 Stroke radical.

Hikari, terasu.
Light, to shine.

Hachi-gashira.
10 Characters.

.

Ashii, wazaivai, arai.

5B- Evil, misfortune, wild.
Eight.
/,

To

yokusuru.

conquer, be able.

AV

Manukareru, yunrsu.
To escape, exempt, per-

The

public, a prince.

Mutsu.

mit.

Yorokobu, kaeru.

To

rejoice, exchange.

Usagi.

A rabbit, hare.

* Tomo m, mtna, awaseru.
? Together, all, to unite.
Tsiiwamono.

|J
*S4
soldier,
A soldier,
-N

ti
troops:

13

El y Sonaeru,utsuwa,tsubusani.
3? To provide, offer, utensils,

. um . M
~maru.
Cor. fa
,
^ In vain, to be superfluous.

a

minutely.

Kammuri, kaburu.

A head covering,

v

Sono, sore.

5?

Tsukasadoru, nori.

v To manage,
* Kaneru,
" To

crown,

to cover over.

That, yonder.

rule,

Kurai,fukai,yomi,kasuka.
the under
world.

records

Dark, deep,

kanete.

discharge two functions
simultaneously,

Tsuka, oinaru.

A mound, great.

|

.

previously.

Mageru, kagamu, mujitsu

:

1

^ Koinegau.

y To

entreat.

To bend,stoop,
accusation.

2 Stroke radical.

*? Tomi, tomu.
Equiv.
^ Riches, to be rich.

^'Samae.
7 Characters.

^

Far, to cover, a border.

J

^

2 Stroke radical.
5w/

1
|
I

a false

17 Characters.
f,

*

kakitsuke.

A volume, ticket,

check.

*

Mata, futatabL
Again, moreover#wice.

*

Hikaru, dkiraka.

4

shine, clear.

jj-

To

.

To

5

freeze, ice.

Winter.

.
;

Itokenai, noboru.

Okasu, ou, musaboru.
* To dare, cover, trans-

Young, to

><;

gress, covet.

Hieru, koru, samui.

Inc. ff

To

* Kabuto.

*

A helmet.

^
?

^ Kammuri.
v

,

rise.

chill, freeze, cold.

Kori, koru.
Ice, to freeze.

Ab. fa

A crown.

com. f.
2 Stroke radical.

f-gli Wa-kammuri.
-I'* 7 Characters.

eg
3

_^^* To
On, tsutsumu.

'
ff

cover,

wrap

^ V^u Hiyayaka,

Jip

<

^

up.

JL

A
A
n

7

suzushn, tsumeCold, cool.
[to/.
Kitau, iru.
To forge, cast.

JL

P

U

7J

C

14
/Ttilix Hiyayaka, hageshii, samui.
\7 } y Chilly, severe, cold.

r

15

16
a Korosu,
*

To

kill,

katsu.

Kizutsukeru, kizu, hajime.
To wound, a wound, the

conquer.

beginning.

Modoru.

To

return, the sound of
splashing.

3ll*
P'Jtf

Wakatsu, saku.

To

tear asunder, divide,

dissect.

$ Kowai, kataiy tsuyoi.
\rriv Hard, strong, valiant.

#

P

r

1

5

yfl\\

Hagu, muku, kezuru.

To

flay,
prive of.

4

v Kiru, kizamu.
t To cut, carve.
v

->.

skin, peel,

de-

&

v

A

? Chiribamu.
v To carve.

y

vio-

Tsurugi.

A

swo^d.

Equiv.

^)J

Yaburu, saku.
** To break, tear.
Masakari, korosu.

Irezumi.

A broad axe, to kill.

Amaru, amatusae.
exceed, be left over,

^ Mazcaivaseru,
4

to adjust,

medicine.

Sou, tasukeru.

go along with,

totonoeru,

kusuri.

To compound,

in addition.

To

Hanahadashii, hageshii.

t~.

To

9

mince.

limit, divide,

lent.

Tatooing.

IB'J

To

* Exceeding, extreme,
4.

y Kezuru, eguru.
v To shave, gouge.

-j

kiru, obiyakasu.
flay, cut, threaten.

To

To cut, dissect, scoop out.
y

ml

Hagu,

Kagiru, wakeru, kizamu.

Kiru, hone wo toku.

Horimono wo suru kogatacurved chisel.
[na.

!

Suru, kiru, kama.
To rub, cut, a sickle.

^ Korosu, toru.
To kill, take.
J

nz|||

>>

jf

Hanagiru.

To

assist,

slash the nose.

vice-(in official titles).

* To
)}

v

Kiru, kezuru.
cut, scrape.

^ To

1$.

cut.

Saku, warn, sokonau, wart.
To tear, divide, injure,
share, percentage.

l| Kiru.

N To cut.

? Kama, todomaru.

f
9

A

sickle,

stationed.

to halt, to be

2 Stroke radical.
34 Characters.

17
'

J

^

Chikara, tsutomeru.

Tsuyoi, katai.
* Strong, hard.

J Strength, power, force, to
exert one's powers.

5 Itawaru, negirau.
4

Kuwaeru, masu.

tin--

a
*

To

Isaoshi,

sympathize with, en-

Ugoku, hataraku.

waza.

To move,

[work.

work.

Merit, ability, efficiency,

+ Awaseru,
?

To

tertain, return thanks for.

increase.

To

Tsutome, tsutomeru.
Service,
business,
labor.

tsutomeru.

unite, endeavor.

i,

Otoru.

y

To

it

y

be inferior.

Tasukeru, suke.

To rescue,

to

Kangacru, shiraberu, sadameru.
[settle.
To consider, examine,

w Kutsuwa, osaeru, kizamu.
* A bridle, to restrain,

assistance.

carve.
*

Tsutomeru.
To exert one's

self,

* Tsutomeru.

labor.

5

Jsutomeru, tsukareru.

To

labor,

v

be weary.

V

.

tsuto-

meru.
To investigate crime, to
labor.

Tsutomeru, hagemu.

" To labor, exert one's

*

conquer, endure, ex-

'

1
'

Tsunoru, motomeru.

To

raise, levy, collect.

4 Tsutomerut hataraku, nenv To work,labor,kind. \goro.
Ikioi,

self,

exhort.
a.

gureru,

To

cel, surpass.
'

+

pity, care for,

su:^ Katsu, taeru, masaru,

Shirushi, isao, narau.
Effect, result, merit, to
imitate.
Equiv. $C

Tsumi wo kiwameru,

i

work,

to be weary.

by

force.

v

strive, toil.

reru.

To

Obiyakasu, kasumeru.
? To threaten, take
>r

to

To

9 Hataraku, itawaru, tsuka-

arisama.

Power,

strength,
condition.

force,

Isamu, isamashii.

Awaseru.

To be emboldened, brave.

To

Mikotonori.

An imperial decree.

Obiyakasu, kasumeru.
To threaten, plunder.

Niwaka

Isaoshi, waza, tsutomeru.

ni,

okoru.

Suddenly, to

rise.

unite, co-operate.

Merit, a deed, to labor.

P

c
c

18
Itawaru, tsukareru.

To

2 Stroke radical.

be weary.

pity,

4 Characters.

Isaoshi.

Merit, order of merit.

Saji, yajiri, narabu.

b u beA

tsutomeru, susutneru.

To strive, work
ly,

diligent.

encourage, urge.

/k 9

TU 9

spoon, arrow-point, to
arranged in a row.
bakeru.

Kawaru,

To change, be transformed, a ghost.

Susumeru, tasukeru.
To recommend, encour-

*

Kita, somuku, nigeru.

* The
run

age, help, labor.

north, to

disobey,

_+ .jfer* 2 Stroke radical.

1
^J

r?K
Hr*

Ho-gamae.
10 Characters.

Tsutsumu.

m

To wrap

1

up.

Ju*^

~4 ? A measure of capacity.

Iremono, lidko.
receptacle, box.

A

Mommc.

fa

A

measure of weight,
of one ounce.

'/y*

* Hishaku.
4

Ndkare.

Do

'-9.

not, not.

amaneku,

Hitoshii,

i?

suku-

Equal, everywhere, few.

Tsutsumu.

To wrap

up, envelope.

sawagu.

The breast, to be agitated.
*
\'r

7

To

v

lie,

or crawl, on the

Hisago, yugao.
'#
gourd, the calabash.

A

A dipper.
Meguru, amaneku.

To surround, universally.
Takumt, daiku.

A carpenter, an expert, a
master, a design.

* Tadasu, sukuu,

hako.
correct, save, a box.

.^

To

'*

Hako.

? A box.

A

crawl.

belly.
l>x

s'
,

i,

box,
bad.

Harabau.

To

2 Stroke radical.

Hako-gamae.
*-JK
HI"* ii Characters.

not,

'# Uzumaki.

4

A

whirlpool.

warm.
vagabonds,

19
psC u Kagamibako,
iESlL*'

1

fr\

kushige.

A mirror-case, toilet-box

|

Uma, majiwaru.

The

seventh

zodiacal

20

21
-t-^

jf.

Sant, suteru.

_
riL * Kanau.
^\ y To suit, agree

22

with, unit-

23
3fl

Ware, waga.

yorokobu, hocru.

>

To
irffl/

it,

er

]yVv

To

blow, rejoice, bark.
kamabisushii.

4

Ikaru, hoeru.

# Mina, amancku.

v

be angry, to bark.

Fuku.
To blow.
Unaru, umeku.

=t

rrt

ibiki.

F

\

4-

* PI t
v Pn v

no nagasa.
distance of about 10
close to, short.

Warau,

Shina.

A

Kanashimu, naku.
grieve, weep.

To

grieve, pity.

thing, sort,
stance, quality.

revile.

* Itamu, nageku, atatamaru.
& To feel pain, grieve,
to become warm.

Kanashimu, awaremu.

To

Kamabisushii.

HEt v To

a snore.

Has sun
in.,

, azakeru.
laugh, ridicule.

a Ikaru, nonoshiru.
v To be angry, to

A yawn,

A

All, everywhere.

* Noisy.

Kamu.

rvfi* Akubi,

cough.

v To

* To moan, groan.

KZ% 3

A

Noisy, vociferous.

To

$/

bite.

kataru.

laugh, speak.

# Kazu.
v An auxiliary numeral,
man, official, member.

circum-

Hajime, kana, ya.
The beginning, an inter-

J

Mairu.
An English mile.

=f

Akiraka,

jection, interrogative.

Saku.

To open

(as a

pher, intelligent.

blossom.

^?,.y
*

*Uta.

Tazuneru, nageku.
enquire, sigh.

To

spit out.

v The

,

musebu.

throat, to be choked.

4

A song, hymn.

j/

Kuchibiru.

\

~

To

satoi.

? To be wise, a philoso-

flower),

" The

lips.

^ Hiroi, Kara.
v Wide, China,

foreign.

25
w Saezuru.
v To chirp,

Tsuibamu, tsutsuku.

To

sing.

* Musebu, fusagaru.

v To be choked, blocked

J

peck

at,

A dumb

pick.

person.

up.
$/

Uru, akinau.

v To

Kotaeru, sosonokasu.
To reply, tempt, entice.
.

;

sell,

engage

in trade.

Tsubaki.

The

saliva.

Ah, belching.
'y Susuru, naku.
\2
sup, sip, weep.

To

A song, elder brother.
Dornoru.
jj

Ikaru, sakebu.

To
=1

&
'.

'

Naku, sakebu.
cry out.

To

Kurau, yasMnau.

To

cry (as a bird).

To

To

i

To stammer.

be angry, to cry out.

Unaru.
groan.

eat, feed.

Kami-au.
fe

*

Monomi.

A sentinel.

*

Tada, hitori, ukegau.
to consent.
J Only, alone,

* Tonaeru, utau.

y

To

say, sing, recite.

To

bite each-other.

Naku, kamabisushii.
cry (as a bird),
morous.

To

cla-

Nomu.

To

drink.

* Hiraku,
4

To

mosu, oshieru.
open, say, instruct.

Tada, tada
Only.

ni.

Tou, tazuneru.
To enquire, examine into,
visit.

* Akinau, akinai, hakaru.
v To trade, commerce,
to measure.

To

cry,

weep.

Yoi.

Goodness, virtue, right.
Shaberu, kamabisushii.
To babble, noisy.

-

*
B
tft

*

26
5 Hayakuchi.

^ Talking

fast.

Yorokobu.

To

rejoice.

*

Yakamashii.
'HI v Noisy, troublesome.

it

The

throat.

Tokinokoe.

v

A cry, call,

),

Kuchibashi.

l

To

&

To

war-cry.

Ushinau, mo.

To lose,

mourning, to be
,

A The bill, beak.

destroyed.

'

Hitotsu, hitoe.
One, single, singular.

To

chew,

drink,

eat,

1

smoke.

n^,

To

A, nageku.
Ah, to grieve.

Naku, nageku, sasayaku.

To

i, kakotsu.
cry, to lament.

Tashinamu, konomu.
be fond of, like.

Satosu, tatoe.
To instruct,

announce,
warn, an example.

v

^O&M, sakcbu.
call, cry out.

cry, grieve, whisper.

To

Kudokudoshii.
Prolix, verbose.

smell.

Ikaru koe.
Saezuru, yawaragu.

To

be harmoni-

twitter,

An

angry voice.

To

inherit, succeed, next.

ous.
ski,

To

cry,

damaru.

a

dumb

person,

to be silent.

*
PB9
3^

Nageku, tameiki.
Tf\
crrif>w> a
a cicr
To grieve,
sigh.

A, itamu, nageku.

Ah, to

sigh, grieve.

Warau, azakeru.

To

Ikifuku, atatameru.

To

breathe,

warm.

%

sniRaru, ikaru koe.

v

To

+

>

scold,

Takai.

High.

an angry

cry.

laugh, ridicule.

L

Shiwagare.

r

Hoarseness.
Yabusaka, kechi, oshimu.
^ Miserly, to begrudge.

LjJ
I

27

To

grieve,

tanoshimu.

^4,

mourn.

12

Ah, to be happy.

x Musebu.

Yoi, yomisuru.
Good, happy, to regard
as good, esteem.

To

be choked.

Utsuwa.

A vessel, utensil.

'

It

To

vomit.
Shikaru, haku.
To scold, blow out, spout
out, vomit.

^

*& Nameru, katsute.
# To lick, previously.

(

'

>

Keshikakeru, sosonokasu.

To set on a dog, instigate.
y Shiwabukt,

f

[y

seki.

the

Clearing
cough.

y

,

throat,

a

^

Ton.

An English ton.
Hanashi.

A story.
t,

3.

A

9

To

,

i,

fe

v

To

Uso, nageku.
lie, to sigh.

a

cry out.

Sawagu.
To be noisy.

saezuru.

cry, twitter.

Usobuku.
roar

naku.

call,

Kuchifusagu.

To

(as

a

To

tiger),

be

silent.

whistle.

A

Azakeru.

To

laugh

at,

make a

y

nageku, akubi.

Ah, to grieve, belching.

fool

of.
-

Kamu.

Sazo.

Very, how, much, truly.

To

Kamabisushii.
Noisy.

A yawn.

dbiK

Equiv.

j^l

Nengoro,

y KatarUy uwasa.

v To

'

'h Sakebu, yobu.
call out, summon.
\v

Kuchibashi.
bill, beak.

To

A
fe

*

Inanaku.
To neigh.

jt

9

*

n

*
*:

te-atsui.

Kind.

rumor, gossip.

relate,

bite, eat.

Odosu, shikaru.
threaten, scold.

To

14

28
ijf

Kamu.

Kamu.

I*

To

To

5=-

1,4

Ji*

bite.

Kusame, kushami.

Stroke radical.
Kuni-gamae.

A sneeze.
Sdki

ni,

mukau,

v Before, the

I

bite.

5

25 Characters.

hibiku.

past, to face,

opposite, echo. Equiv.

%jj

P

Meguru, kakomi.

To

surround, an enclo-

sure.

To gulp down, swallow,
the throat.
*

Oinaru.
u
Large.

i

Four.
Meshiudo, toraeru.
prisoner, criminal, con-

0? A

vict, to arrest.

Ogosoka, kibishii.
\* Strict, severe, solemn, to
rf

.

frighten.

ft Hisomeru.
[* To scowl.

Meguru, kaeru.

IE)? To

revolve,
time, chapter.

To

4

saezuru.
cry, twitter.

^ Saezuru.
v To twitter,

return,
Cor.

a
[0]

Meguru, kaeru.

To

revolve, return,
time, chapter. Corn.f.

chatter.

Kamu.

To

To revolve,
time, chapter.

4 Yorw, chinami ni, moto.
v To depend on, by the
way, because of, a cause.

Kamabisushii.
*v Noisy.
'if

\

a

Equiv.

^ Meguru, kaeru.

m

r Naku,
'*

return,

a Kurushimu, komaru,

^

chew.

a
[nj

tsu-

kareru.
be in distress or in
extremity, to be tired.

To
,-fe

*

Sasayaku.
To whisper.

>*
I

^ Hayasu.

? To
.

:

OtorL
decoy.

A

play music.

z',

motoyori.

Hard, firm,
from the first.

Fukuro.
bag.

A

obstinate,

Hitoya.
prison.

A
^ Tanomu, yoseru.

> To

engage,

order.

entrust

to,

Komegura, meguru.

A

granary, to revolve.

29
Aru,

Sono, kagiru.
garden, to bound.

A

To

iru.

the

to dwell,
country, now.
be,

Hitoya, fusegu.

.
'

A prison, to defend, ward

Tsuchi.

off.

The earth,

Hatake, niwa.
field, vegetable garden.

A

-H.* Tama,
7"aia,

-H4 A

Kuni, furusato.

'

A country, state.

"

Com. gj

land, a phce.

isagiyoi.

crystal, a jewel, pure.

An

acclivity, a

road up a

hill.
'

Ori, meguru.
cell, cage,' circle,

A

to

surround.

Chimata, tsutsumi, tera.
cross-roads, a dike, a
Buddhist temple.

$5

A

Umakai, umakau,' hitoya.

A hostler, to keep a horse,

Hitoshii,

amaneku.

a prison.

Alike,

level,

Kawaya, majiru.

everywhere.

A privy,

to mix.

Kakomu, kakou,
surround,
an enclosure.
:

'

Su&aru.

To

kakoi.

To

equality,

sit,

squat.

preserve,

A hole, pit.

Marui.

Round, a Japanese dollar
Ab.

(yen).

R

A foundation, base.

Sono.

A park, garden.

ft

v

Hakaru, egaku.
To plan, a picture, to
draw a picture, a map.

Marui, meguru, kakomu.
Round, to go around, encompass.
3 Stroke radical.
5*c*f4fli.

Ml* 98 Characters.
>:

Tsuchi.

v Earth.

A hole, pitfall.
Sakai, kagiri.

A boundary, limit.

Marui, atsumaru.
Round, to assemble, a

company.

Ana, otoshiana.

Tsuchi, hitsuji-saru.
earth, south-west.

l=
1

v The

9 Tairaka,

hiroi.

*'

smooth,

Level,
wide.

plane,

4

A land measure, 4 sq. yds.

:*

Tareru, nannan

to

suru.

# To droop down, hang
down, about

P
Ul

I f
B

Ift

to.

*_

3-

30
Sakait kagiri.

Tsutsumi.

A dike, dam.
4*rtf

nayamu.

,

Steep, to suffer pain.

+V]

A place, limit, boundary.
,

i

take, take hold
manage, transact.
Motoi, motozuku.

Shima, todomaru.

Foundation, basis, origin,
to be founded on.

An

island, to stop.

Horn,

4J v

of,

Saku, hiraku.
To tear, open.

M-j^
-f-ff**;

toraeru.

To

Rutsubo, kawarake.
crucible,
unglazed

A

hori.

To dig,

carve, dig open,

a canal.

earthen ware.

Hard, firm, strong,

strict.

.

i A fence,

wall.

Takadono, sakan.

A public

hall, chamber,
mansion, flourishing.

A mould.
Tsuku, hikui kaki.
adhere, a low fence.

To

Arizuka.
An ant hill.
,

-fCia

kegareru.

9R* Filth, to be defiled.
Shiro, miyako, kizuku.
castle, town, to build.

The edge

of a bank.

Hatoba.
wharf.

A

A

nebatsuchi.

Red

clay.

Chiri, hokori.

Rubbish, dust.

Nebatsuchi.

Sticky clay.

Uzumu.

To

bury,

fill

up, hide.

Kakoi, hikui kaki.

An enclosure, a low fence

Katai

tsuchi.

Hard ground.
Tsuchikau.

To

manure,

tend

the

roots of plants.

Tairaka narazu, saka.

Uneven, a grade.
Chi no

hate, koneru.

The ends
knead.

Shiratsuchi, shirakabe.
White earth, white wall.

of the earth, to

Uzutakai.

Piled up in heaps.

31
*;

J
i,

"

Tsutsumi.

A bank, dike.

1

4 Fusagu, toride.
To stop up,

*

Taeru.
endure, be able.

To

A dike.

ba.

i,

place,
stances.

4

field,

circumCom. |H

Negura, toya.

A roost,

Sakai.

A

border,

frontier,

i;

Kdki, takuwaeru.

A

fence,

store

wall, to

Rutsubo.

A crucible.

cote.

Uzumeru, fusagu.

a

To

boundary.

v

A

Tsutsumi.

report.

ft

fortress.

# Tsuchikure.
clod of earth.

14

Mukuiru, tsugeru.
* To recompense, pay back
>s

A

a

cover,

ry

bury,

fill

up.

A clay image,

2

a puppet.

#

Takakute kawaita

I.

High and dry ground.

chi.

Kojiro, toride.

A

small castle, an em-

Dirt, dust, rubbish.

bankment.

le, lieya.

*>

A dam, to block up.

i

Uzumu, fusagu.

A school, school-room.
k

*

;*

f

To

fill

A

mound, grave, mile

,

Sakai.

A

limit,

boundary,

up, stop up.

gion, condition.

ichirizuka.

A mound, grave.

re-

post.
rf,

Takai,

toi.

High,

far.

A wall, fence.

a

/ftzfo',

A tower, pagoda, to fall.
nuru.
oro, num.
Mud, to besmear,

A mound, grave.

mizo, kabe.

A fence, drain, mud-wall
Niwa,

A

ba.

place,
stances.

paint,

lacquer.

v

kakine.

4

s/

3

field,

circumCow. /.

Shimoyashiki.
country residence.

A

*
a
*

r

^

32
Tani, ana.

t Hori, mizo.

*

A valley, ravine.

A moat, ditch.

Hdka-ana.

y Ochiru.
;* To fall down.

A grave.

Kasanaru, toride.
be piled up, fortifica-

Masu.

To

To

increase, add.

tions.

Yaburii, kuzusu.

Ink, blacking.

To

* Dinaru oka, furui

*

i,

A large

hill,

ruins.

Takai tokoro, oka.
A high place, a hill.

Yasechi, tairaka narazu.

Unfertile

soil, hilly.

Sakagame.

A liquor cask.

Otosu, kowasu.

To
y

*

break down, destroy,

ruin.

ato.

throw down, break.

Koetsuchi, tsuchi.
Fertile ground, the earth.

Hal^a, tsutsumi.
mound, grave, dike.

A

3 Stroke radical.
9 Characters.

Kobe.

*

A wall, fence,

^

Idokoro, mizu no ki-wa.

*

Residence, a shore.

cliff.

_^ Samurai.

A

\^

man,

an

officer,

a

soldier.

<7

a Hiraku.
* To prepare new ground
for cultivation.

a Fusagu,
*

To

hedateru.

shut

up,

shut

,

Mizunoe.

The

gth calendar sign.

Voice, report, praise.
out,

separate.

A moat, ditch.

Sakan, sukoyaka, tsuyoi.
Strong, vigorous, flourishing.

Matsuri no tdkoro.
platform, an altar.

A

Fusagu, osu, osaeru.
To stop up, press down,
oppress.

.

A jar, vessel.
Hitotsu, mopp
One, entirely.

33
Muko.

A son-in-law.
Tsutsushimu,osoreru,tsukimatou.
[ence, fear.
follow about, rever-

Kotobuki, hisashii.
life, old age, long-

Long

To

continued.

Obitadashii, oil

Yorokobu, mau.

To

Many, numerous, very.

rejoice, dance.

3 Stroke radical.

Stroke radical.

3

D ai-gashira.

Sui-nyu.

31 Characters.

Characters.

i

oi ni.

Okureru.

Oy^, oinaru,

To

Great, big, chief, very.

be

late.

The sky, weather, nature
heaven, a god or God.

Stroke radical.

3

3 Characters.

Futoi, okit, hanahadal
Large, great, very, thick.

Yukkuri aruku.
tft *
>5lUTowalk slowly.

Otoko,

otto, sore.

A man, husband, that.

Summer.

wakajini, utsukushit.

Haruka,

tot.

Young, an early death,
handsome.

Distant, far.

Nakdba

The

Stroke radical.

middle, center.

Characters.
./Jk

s/

Ushinau, ayamachi.

S\? To lose, err, a mistake.
Yube, yu.

Ebisu, tairaka, horobosu.

A barbarian, peaceful, to

Evening.
/*!

y Hoka,

/ r?

destroy.

soto.

Outside, beyond, besides,

ffokoru, ogoru.

To

different, foreign.

^Oi,
Numerous, many, much.
^ Hayai,

Ti

tsuto ni.

^ Early, early-morning.
.,

*

Night.

A

be proud.

ffasamu, sashihasamu.
To hold between two
things.

H^
PJ

y^, y^^M.

->

Mezurashii.
Strange, wonderful, odd
Inc.
(number).

m

K

X
a
m

34
ft

v

Tatematsuru, ukeru, tsuka-

r Oku,

okufukai.
Inside, the back, deep, a
wife.

em, tasukeru.

To

receive

present, to

from

(a

superior), serve,

Ubau.

help.

Ikan, nanzo.

How,
at

*

Equiv.

^

what, why.

Ou, niivaka ni, kotogotoku.
To cover, suddenly, completely.

y Susumeru,

kana-

mosu,

deru.

To report to the Throne,
play on a musical instrument.
^

To

seize,

assist, praise.

u Keshobako, kagamibdko.
v Toilet-box, mirror-case.
^ Furuu.
*

To

be

cited,

To make

ft

or alliance with, a check.
Hashiru.

up,

Onna, me.

A woman, girl, daughter,
:

female.

Okii, azayaka.

Yakko, yatsu.

v Great, bright.

A servant,

i Okii, sakan.
* Large, great, to gamble.

person (rude).
Yoi, yoshimi, konomu.

4.

4

Hoshi no yadori,

bunsho

no hoshi.

A constellation,

the star

favorable to literature.

y Nagai.
* Long.
9-

ex-

.

Onna-hcn.
100 Characters.

an agreement

* To run.

stirred
f.

% Stroke radical.

Chi.-;iru, ivarifu.

4

take by force.

tasukeru.
^ Susumeru,
y To exhort, encourage,

Oinaru, sakan.

* Large, prosperous.

slave, fellow,

Good, beautiful,
ship, to like.

friend-

Nakodo.

A go-between.
Gotoshi, shiku, mosht, yuku.

Like, as good as,

if,

to go.

Midari, itsuwaru.
Improper, disorderly, to
lie.

* Nanzo.
4

How, why.

v

A fish-basket.

^ Sadameru, matsuru, oku.
v To
decide,
worship,
place.

v Ogoru, yutaka.
* To be extravagant, profuse.

Okasu, midasu, itsuwaru.

To

transgress, wicked
adultery, to falsify.
Kisaki, narabu.

An

Imperial concubine,

to be arranged in order.

Asobime.

A

singing

tute.

girl,

a prosti-

35
>-//K

Taenaru,

ivakai,

utsuku-

36
hfk

5PN 3

-

Uruwashii, yawaraka.

Ko wo umu.

Beautiful, soft.

To

Utsukushii.

Metoru.

Handsome,

To marry

beautiful.

Baba, uba.

An

old

bear a child.

Oitaru
An old

woman, a wet-

(a wife).

woman.

nurse.

Onna, yome.

Oba, tsuma no shtmai.
aunt, sister-in-law.

A woman,

Utsukushii, namamekashii.
Beautiful, bewitching.

Marriage.

Musume.

To

An

wife.

Mukotori, yomeiri.

Musaboru, midara.

A girl, female.

Shitagau, shitoyaka.
obey, graceful.

fcfc To

Utsukushii, yobu.
Beautiful, to call.

Tsunagu, hikitomeru.

Shitagau, utsukushii, kudo-

To

follow,

covet, immodest.

beautiful,

prolix.

To

tie,

hitch.

^ Tawamureru.
P

Utsukushii, shinayaka.
Beautiful, graceful.
j(

To sport,

a prostitute.

Tanoshimu, tawamureru.
play, sport lewdly

v To
Imoto, ototo-yome.

A

younger

sister, sister-

Hashitame.

in-law.

A maid-servant.

Utsukushii.
Beautiful.

t Muko.
4

Tanoshimu.

To

y

Mau,

To

4

hayai.

Nakadachi, nakodo,

A go-between, to consult.

dance, quick.

x Hime.
^ A lady.

Uruwashii.
Fair, beautiful.

Haramu.

To

A son-in-law.

rejoice.

conceive,
nant.

be

preg-

Tanoshimu, shitagau, nusumu.
To be glad, obey, steal.

37
*

Kobiru.

To

Kami, midarigawashii.

.

flatter,

curry favor.

Trifling, indecent.
Yotsugi, tsuma.
heir, a real wife.

Utsukushii.
Beautiful.

An

't Kegasu, nareru, anadcru.
v To defile, to be free and

Uba,baba.
old woman.

An

easy with, despise.

Narau, miydbiydka.
be accustomed,

To

Baba.
An old woman.

10

o

Totsugu, yuku.

To marry

To hate,
-k&*
j(X *

(a husband).

-

Ureshii, utsukusMi.
beautiful.

Happy,

r

t Taoydka, utsukushti.
* Graceful, beautiful.

unsatisfied.

Aniyome.

Utsukushii, namamekashii.
Beautiful, charming.

A sister-in-law.
soyogu.

Lenient, to blow gently.

a Engumi, yoshimi.

.-x

'4

'

Minikui, oroka, midarigawashii.

u Yome, tsuma.
v
bride, wife.
t.

11

Netamu, nikumu,
To be jealous, hate.

The moon
i
'^

^

head cover.
[^
I

tf

A
i*

Nikbori warau.
smile.

Yamome.
widow.

Michiru, amaru.
be full, to
over.

To

Weak, a

remain

wife.

Musume.

5

A

Naburu, tawamureru.

To make sport of, to play.

Yowai, tsuma.

To

Yowai, wakai.
v Delicate, young.

Osanai, kammuri no himo.
the cords of a

4 Juvenile,

Ugly, foolish, licentious.
$>

Sobazukai, ki-ni-iri.
An attendant, a favorite.

A

v Marriage, intimacy.

v

to

study, elegant.

5r

A girl, female, miss.

* Yamome.
*
widow.

A

x r
a

38
fj#jfc;fe

Hosoi, yowai.

39
The

J Tsukaeru, tsukasa.
v To serve, an official.

Mattai.

* Miya.
V A Shinto

shrine,

v Whole, complete, perfect.

Imperial

household,

Hiroi, oinaru.
& Great, large, wide.

prince, princess.

Oinaru, noki, ie.
world, vast, eaves,
a house.

g

if

Sokonau, wazawat.

1

To

y Iru, kuni no na.
To be, one of the Chinese

*

i.

y

Sugiru, hora-ana.
To pass by, a cave.

y Moto,

a

fountain,
origin,
head, sect, to honour.

Tanoshimu, sakamori, yasumu.
To enjoy, a banquet, to
Ireru, katachi, nan.
put into, put up with,

To

form, appearance.

* Sora.

[nity.

v The universe, 'space,

eter-

official,

pertaining

to

Ie, uchi.

A house, family.

.

Tsukasa, dyake.
Office,

a thing
govern-

Tsukasadoru, tsukasa.

To

ment, public.

x.

*

Yoroshii, ube.
right, proper, fair,
natural.

Good,

Adakamo,

W^^

^

exactly, addressed
each.

x Tabibito, marodo.
*
guest, stranger,

A

-te

visitor,

Yoru,yoseru.

4 Yurusu, nadameru.
To pardon, mitigate (a
punishment), appease.

proclaim, tell, everywhere, an edict.

quiet, calm.

A

cellar,

To

call in upon, lodge,
rely upon, entrust to.

*

To

Sabishii, shizuka.

Hisoka, chikai, tsumabiraka.
[minute.
secret, close, dense,

wife.

t Noberu, amaneku, mikoto-

official.

To stop, lodge, a lodging
place, post-station.

* Lonely,

previous.

y Heya, muro, tsuma.
* A house, room,

an

Evening, night.
^ Yadoru, yado.

ate, zutsu.

Just,
to,

rule,

Ozora, rniya.
The heavens, an Imperial
palace, Imperial.

^ Sadameru.
4 To fix, establish, decide.
*

damage, a

injure,

rest, quiet.

v The

v

-

mune.

tatiobu,

a

calamity.

dynasties.
tt

the

a Ada, kasumeru.
M*~* &

^

f

An

enemy, to rob.

Tora.

[the tiger,

third zodiacal sign,

40
Tomi, tomasu.
ity,

to enrich.

Yatsureru.

t

Wealth, riches, prosper-

-

To

;^.

Toride, magdki.

*4

Yoru, yadoru, yado.
To stop, lodge, a lodging-place.

;

'

s/

^

*$/
1

^

'tx

*v
ni.

?

Oku, todomcru, suteru.

t

Tsukasa, nakama.
official,
colleague,

v Not

Lonely, quiet.
kangaeru, tsumabiraka.

Shiraberu,

p>>
[

Takara, tama.

v Precious,

3

Stroke radical.

Sun-zukuri.
12 Characters.

Hakaru.

An

sleep, rest.

yasui, yasuraka.

Rather, easy.

Mi, michiru, makoto.
* Fruit, deed, to be

a

treasure,
jewel, wealth.

reflect,

Yasumu, neru.

1

gentle,

wide, liberal, merciful.

Sukunat, yamome.
Few, a widow, alone.

^ Mushiro,

Jiiroi.

strict, easy,

$* Itsukushimu, megumu.
i<tf To love, show mercy.

Sdbishii, shizuka.

To

photo-

\* Kirni no osamcru tochi.
; v The
Imperial domain,
the world.

Okotaru, yugamu.
be lazy, bent.

To

examine,
minute, plain.

draw,

An

g Yuruyaka,

To put, stop, throw away.

To

Utsusu.

companion.

In fact, verily.

'

kiwameru,

tadasu.

copy,
graph.

sleep, rest.

Makoto

fence.

Tsumabiraka,

^ To

Neru, yasumu.

To

A stockade,

Clear, plain, to decide,
investigate, judge.

Samui.

p?

look poorly.

Equiv. HJ

inch, to measure.

Tera.

,

*

A Buddhist temple.

&

Sakai, tsutsumu, tojiru.

v

jy.

A boundary,
wrap

full,

up,

domain, to

seal,

to

give

title to.

true, real, sincere.
$>

Sameru, yutnemiru.

To
^

awake, dream.

Sabishii, shizuka.

v Lonely, quiet.

\Iru.

*

To

shoot, dart (as light).

Katsu.

To

conquer.

Equiv.

41
Masa

ni,

kashira, hikiiru.

officer, to

#
&

Ashinae, semushi.

t;

A cripple, hunchback.

*

v Moreover, just about, an
conduct.

Mottomo,
v
machi.

Osaeru, yasunzuru, jo.

A

company

officer,

to

^ Moppara, hoshiimama,
v

hi-

^ Mukutnu,

entirely,

self-

9

Owaru,

title.

To

>

Tazuneru, hiro, nami.
^To enquire, a fathom,
ordinary.

or

I

pair.

6 Characters.

fj

Chiisai, ko, sukoshi.

Small, little, young, my
(used depreciatingly).
Sukunai, shibaraku, wakai.
Few, a short time, young.

-fe

/\.*

take up (work
to become.

Monosashi.

A

Japanese foot, 12 in-

ches, a rule.
f Tsukasa, tadasu, makoto.
rrfr v
"7"^
ruler, to correct, truth.

A

The

buttocks, bottom.

A Buddhist nun.
O, sue.

A tail, the end.

A^f>, tattobu, hisashii.
Still more, to reverence,

Tsubone, magaru.

a long time.

A

office),

A
tit

A

# Kdbeno
*

tsuku, naru.

finish,

Shikabane,
corpse.

>U-k
^J/
^ Togaru, surudoi.
v To be pointed, sharp.

^
J

a

H 1^ 30 Characters.

Michibiku.
To lead.
3 Stroke radical.

yaseru, semushi.

3 Stroke radical.
Shikabane-dare.

Kotaeru, mukau, tsuriai.
answer, confront, a

To

companion, a

Yimw,
Weak,

emaciated,
hunchback.

y Tattobu, mikoto.
v To honor, honorable, a
respectful

okii.

A shaggy dog, large.

*

tori.

Specially,
willed.

aya-

Very, right, however, to
blame, a mistake.

tranquilize, a rank.

i

togameru,

^

ana.
Equiv.^
hole in the wall.

room,

office,

government
woman's appart-

ment, to bend, be bent.

^ Sukunai.

Ibari.

Urine.

I ^

radical.
S
J^r* 3 Stroke
%7u^L
-glC %
C
5 Characters.

Kagamu, herikudaru.
To bend down, to be

7f Mr
/U

humble.

+

J"

.

tfl

a

42

To

Ka saner'u, takadono.
To pile up, the upper

sum at.

Iru, oru,

be, dwell, sit

down,

of

stories

place, a residence.

a

building,

strata.
Itaru, todokeru.

To reach, be efficacious,
to forward (a petition).

M'

To tread on, boots, shoes,
to put on (foot-wear).

He.

A

result

of

Shikigawa, shikiwara.
An insole, straw bedding.

flatulence,

worthless.

Kutsu.
Shoes.

A house.
'

Kuso.

Dung,

filth.

tsuranaru,

Tsuku,

?

Shikabane.

A

* Kutsu, sort, waraji.
# Shoes, straw foot-wear.

corpse.

tomo-

Com. J|5
gara
To belong to, be arranged
in a row, a companion.

isagtyoi.
>

Rubbish, scraps, pure.

3

Stroke radical.

2 Characters.

^ Noberu,
v miru.

hiraku, korogaru,

To

spread out, open, exhibit, roll over, look at.

iti

D

Mebae, kusa.

A

sprout, grass.

Tamuro, atsumaru.

An

y Hakimono.

* Foot-wear.
f

A wall,

encampment,

bar-

racks, to assemble.

fence, to cover.

-JW?

Ill -l\
M-J

Stroke radical.
Yama-Jien.

3

MH 56 Characters.

Waraji.

Straw sandals.

OJ
Hofuru, korosu.

To

slaughter,

A

mountain,

hill.

Takai, surudoi.
Lofty, pointed.

kill.

Shibashiba.

Takai, kewashii, hagetaru.

Often.

High, steep, bald.

Yasumu,

To

Eda, wakareru, futamata.
Forks in a road, to

ikou.

rest.

Kutsu, zori, waraji.
Shoes, straw foot-wear.

diverge, high.
'f~' v

Mine, takai, kewashii.

A peak, high,

steep.

43
v Kewashii.

Takai, ayaui.

High, dangerous.

Steep.

Takai.

*

High.

t Precipitous, high.

Takai, kewashii, yamami-

^ Kewashii, tdkai, kibishii.
v Steep, high, strict.

chi.

Kewashii, tdkai.

High, steep, a mountain
Saki, kewashii.

path.

A hill,

A

Iwao, iwa.
rock, high bank, rocky
cliff, hazardous.

A

Kishi.

*
jj

~*

& Kuzureru, kdkureru.
* To crumble to pieces,
(used of
Family).
if

A bank,

cliff,

4

shore.

A lofty peak.
Misaki.
cape, the side of a

A

promontory,

cape,

steep.

mound.

the

Gake, kishi, kagiri.
precipice, cliff,
end, limit.

A

the

a Shina no yama no na, tattoi.
y The name of a mountain
in China, precious.
hill.
,

kewashii.

A peak, high, steep.

^ Mine, iwa-ana.
v

die

Imperial

A peak, cave.

Takai, kewashii.
Toge.

A

mountain

High, steep.

pass, ascent,

climax.

High.
Sobadatsu, sonaeru.
To tower aloft, to supply.
rfrPl h
lUjUJ

cr

Sobadatsu, okoru.
To tower up, rise.

Hora-ana, katatagae.
uneven.

A cave,

M

Tdkai.

/F

High.

Agameru,

To

high.

-1

tf

7

-

A mountain peak.

Hazama

>

strait.

High.

g Arashi.

*

A storm.

#
v

A rock,

taniai.

^ A mountain gorge, chasm,

7

tdkai.

honor, exalt, adore,

Iwa, kewashii.

Oi

cliff, ste.ep.

44
Takakute kewashii.

Hjgh and

Kewashii, sagashii.
Steep, precipitous.

steep.

Takai,

Fukai, kewashii, hameru.
v Deep, steep, to fit in.

okii, hitoridachi.

High, large, solitary.

1,

s'

A mountain peak.

? Itadaki.
-'
The top of a mountain.
f Takai, kewashii, iwayama.
a reeky
steep,
4 High,

'*

Suru di

y

y
V

Sakashii, kewashii.
Steep, precipitous.

A

cliff,

steep.

3 Stroke radical.
5 Characters.

Kewashii, ay am.
Steep, dangerous.

Kawa.
/// ^
river.
\\\ y

A

* Kewashii, togatte iru.
v Precipitous, pointed.

Ill* /fora.
y 1 1 ^ A river.
.

An

island.

Equiv.

sagashii

7w^, ^/5/!/, kewashii.
rock, high bank, rocky

^ Takakute kewashii.
tf High and steep.

P

yama,

yama.

A steep, jagged mountain

mountain.

JJJ y Shima,
)

I

kuni.

province,
p A country,
continent.

is-

land,

^ Kewashii.

v

Meguru, mawaru.
To go around, patrol,

Precipitous.

travel about.
t,

,

itadaki.

A mountain peak.

A nest, den.

Take, ikameshii.
lofty peak, majestic.

A

Stroke radical.
Takumi-hen.
6 Characters.

3

Kewashii, sakashii.
Steep, precipitous.
Takai, nukindetaru.

High, eminent.
^ Shima.
3 An island.

a Takumi, waza, tsukasa.
skill, a workman, an officer.

^ Art, work,

/TV

Hidari, tasukeru, shirushi.
The left, to assist, evidence.

45

46
Nobori, hata.

Tcnugui.

A towel.

A flag, banner.
Kami kazari.
Head ornament".

Suso, hadagi.
'

The

skirts,

under

an

shirt.
oi.

Tobari,

A curtain,

Tobari, tarenuno.

An

account book, regis-

ter, curtain.

awning.

Coin, money, wealth, a
religious symbol.

Obi, obiru.
girdle, to wear.

A

v

Tsune.
Usual, ordinary, fixed.
Tobari, katabira.

An

account book, regiscurtain, a summer
garment.

A flag, banner.

& Hata, tobari, horo.
v A flag, curtain, hood.
y Nobori,

A flag.

hatajirushi.

ter,

;*

*

Zukin.

A hat.

Cor. ijf

i**

i*

Haba,

hirosa.

Tobari, sudare,

oi.

A curtain, screen,

shade.

Oi, hachimaki.

A

sun-shade, a kind

of

head-wear.

Breadth, a hanging pican auxiliary nume-

ture,
ral.

Ham,

3 Stroke radical.
6 Characters.

hari.

mounted

pictures.

,

A

shield, to meddle with,
dry, take part in.

A loin cloth.
Tobari, maku.

Tairaka, hira, tairageru.
Level, equal, even, to
quell, to quiet,

A curtain.

A

hood

(carriage),

kawaku, azu-

awn-

ing.

Toshi.

A

year.

Naraberu, an, narabi

v

A curtain before a shop.

J
^

A curtain, a screen.

#
*

ni.

To

arrange in a row, to
Com. ft
meet, suit, and.

Tobari, sudare.

Tobari.

A curtain, tent, to cover.

Saiwai, miyuki, koinegau.
Happiness, luck, to ask
for, going out (of the Emperor).

47

'

Miki, tsuyoi, hataraki.
stalk,
trunk,
able,
work, to manage, rule.

A

-At*
-4f -glC

3

/A,

" PH

i-H

Ah A store.
Atsumaru, kura, mtyako.
assemble, a govern-

To

Stroke radical.

ment department,

Yo-hen.

fecture.

Kanoe.

Ckiisai, osanai.

The

Small, young.

I

*

J

How

A school.
Idokoro, kurai, suwaru.
seat, assembly, position, to be, to sit down.

Iku, hotondo, negau.

(

Nori, tabi, hakaru.

A rule, times, to measure,
a degree.

4 Kurai, haruka, kakureru.
tr
Dark, dim, to be hidden.

,

calendar

A kitchen.

Young.
,

[sign.

seventh

Kuriya.

Maboroshi, madowasu.
optical illusion, magic, vision, to deceive.

An

Osanai, itokenai.

store-

house, city, an urban pre-

5 Characters.

A

many, few, near, to

request.

^ Niwa.
I-*-*

/
af

r*-V

v)

y

Stroke radical.

-JUt?

3

-gK
HI*

44 Characters.

Iwaya, munagi.

A grotto, ridge-pole.

4

A godown, store-house.
*

>*

Ou, kage, hisashi.
cover, a shelter.

To

& Tsuidc, noberu, hasJiigaki.
3 Order, arrangement, opn)ko, nedoko.

floor, boards, a bed.

Tana, oku.

A shelf, to put.
9,

itaru.

The bottom,

to reach.

A

small building for religious uses, a cottage.

s/ Moromoro,
koinegau, me3 kakebara.
All, numerous, the people, to request, a con-

cubine's child.

portunity, the preface.

J The

Oinaru, yutaka.

v Large, abundant.
v

% Level.

tA.c*,

court-yard.

Kura.

5 /or/, ie.

^ Tairaka.

-

A garden,

it

Yasui, tanoshimu.

v Easy, peaceful, to enjoy.
-s

Ou, kakusu.

4

To

cover, hide.

a Tsune, mochiiru, oroka.
* Ordinary, to use, stupid.

JL

H.

48
Hikui

ie,

mijikai.

ie,

A low house, short.
a Kura,

Mitamaya, yashiro.
tomb, an ancestral

yutaka.

A

A store-house, abundant.
*

Kawaya.

A

shop,

*

kiyoi, yasui.

article, item, cheap,

Kura, komegura, fuchi.
warehouse, rations, a

A

stipend.

pure.

iori.

Kariya,

5 Hosodono.

A corridor, porch, gallery.

A shed, booth.

,

a Yawaragu, fusagu.
be reconciled,

? To

# Kakusu, motomcru.
y To conceal, seek out.

A

;

office.

Com. @[

^ Oinaru, munashii.
an
enclosure,
t, Large,
empty.
%.

;g

4

^

To

thrown

y Tateru.
* To
build, raise, establish.

Meguru, kaeru.
{

To revolve,
time, chapter.

Hisashi, sakan.

3

A sun-shade, luxuriant.
+

Kuriya.

A kitchen.

postpone,

court, level.

away,

A

*

draw.

^ Niwa, tairaka.
1 The Imperial Court, a

Meshitsukai, iyashii, yashinau.
servant, inferior, to
nourish, rear.

}

Characters.

extend,
prolong.

abolished, to cease.

:

5

* To

Sutaru, yamu.

be

Stroke radical.

x Hiku, noberu.

Hiroi.

To

3

4 Hiku.

Umaya.

A stable.

v Wide, broad.

;.>-

to

block up.
Ie, mandokoro.
buHding, government

:

Hisashi, ie.
Eaves, a house.

\v

ware-house,

market.
j

v

government

office.

A privy.
An

a

temple,

* Hisashi.
? The eaves.

v

dbaraya.

A shed, shanty.

return,

Stroke radical.

^ Characters.

IK *

J\

5

Komaneku,

To

fold the arms.

a

49
.

If,

$,

u hat
hatachi.
Niju,

=i-

IT 7 Twenty.

v

with.

Kammuri.

A cro.vn.

tawamureru.

a Moteasobu,

9

To

a:

Ou,futa.
To cover, a cover, jug.

y
-y

7

p

I

\J

\

\ Hiku.

v

play with, to sport.

conduct, quote.

Arazu, doru.
so, the dollar sign.

rtl

Hiroi, hiromaru.
Great, large, to expand,

7,1*

Beautiful, checkers.

spread.

Yabureru, kuse.
Broken, poor, mean, bad,

^ Yurumeru,
*

habits.

3

To draw,
Not

r Utsukushii, igo.

bad

Tomurau, itamu.
lament for, condole

To

To

ochiru.

loosen,

unfasten,

relax, fall.

A younger brother.

Stroke radical.

6 Characters.

^
__L* a Igurumi.
\* 9 Shooting birds

with
cord-attached arrow.

a

A

gauntlet.

Yuzuka, nigiri.
^ The

gripping place of a

bow.

4 Hitotsu.

Yumibukuro, hatabukuro.

? One.

9
4>

v

A bow-case, a flag-case.
Yumizuru.

A bow-string, chord.

Nori.

A

law,

custom,

cere-

mony, form.

A bow, an arch.

A stake.

Ishiyumi.
large bow.

A

Korosu, shiisuru.
To kill a superior.

Tsunoyumi.

A bow with horn or bone
ends.

3 Stroke radical.

Yowai.
9 Weak, young.

s

P H 24 Characters.

^.

Yumi.

A bow.

v

Yuhazu, tsugaeru.
tip of a bo w,to fix (as
an arrow to a bow-string).

The

50
Hani.

To

Kanae,

Tsuyoi, tsutomeru, shiini.

Tasukeru.
help, assist.

*
*

Yagoro.
bow-shot.

A

^

wo kazari.

A hair ornament, tassel.
Katachi, arawareru.
appearFigure, shape,
ance, to be manifest.

Ut hiku.

TO jerk, a spring, bullet,
to play (a musical instru-

rule, law.

3 Stroke radical.
San-zukuri.
ii Characters.

Strong, violent, to force,
urge regardless of right.

To

Com. j$

nori.

A tripod vase,

spread, stretch, boast

X

Akai.

ment).

Sukoyaka, tsuyoi.
Vigorous, strong.
lyoiyo, habikoru,

Htko, sugureta

An

amaneku,

hito.

illustrious person,

honourable

title,

an

a man.

tsukurou.

more, to spread out,
everywhere, to mend,
Still

Irodoru, aya.
To colour, paint, to

be

variegated.

Hiku, magani.
To draw, bend, arched.

-Vr

*
4

3

Horu, chiribameru.
To engrave, carve, inlay.

Stroke radical.

A ^ Kei-gashira.

1 * ~$Z\\

Hi*

Ay a,

An

7 Characters.

/far/ nezumi no atama.

*?-& Urdkata

A

no

kotoba,

i

Beautiful, .clear.

no

tagiii.

divination

term,

a

kind of pig.
horu

/&' u'o

To
#

koto.

Tsuzumi no

hokiboshi.

oto,

The sound

sakan.

of a drum,

vigorous.

Akirdkd, arawasu, ay a.
Clear, to manifest,figures.

carve wood.
/,

tiger.

Uruwashii, dkiraka.

_JL4^ A hedgehog's head.
^C v

tora.

ornament, a

sugatd.

Shade, shadow, an image.

A broom, comet.

^^ A

,

*H00.
wild pig.

pig,

3

MH

Stroke radical.

Gyo-nimben.
36 Character

Tagui.

,

A

sort, kind, to classify,
collect.

Tatazumu.
stop, stand

To

still.

.

51
y^/La:

Tsukau.

52

@fr*

53
5

56
Uryoru, urei, kanashimu.

kanashimu. omoi-

Itamu,

Sorrow, sorrowful.

To

be sad, distressed, to
sympathize with.

Kokoro, kokorobase, omoi.

The mind,

will,

mean-

* Ayamachi, toga.

v

ing, feelings.

A mistake, fault.

Ugoku, kotae-hibiku.

t&\ v To move, feel,

admire, be

v To

sensitive to.

f
.4

Itsukushimu.

To

love, pity.

_

Ikidoru.

p
v

_ Oroka.

*

grieve, pity.

Motoru, gojo na.
To oppose, obstinate.

To

be angry.

Foolish.
Yorokobu, kokoroyoi.
To be glad, happy,
fortable,

Odoroku, awateru.
~*j? To be frightened, con-)f

fused, flurried.

Yasuraka,? shizuka, dama-

ti

Yorokobu.

m*^ To

v Comfortable,

rejoice.

quiet, to

be

silent.

Uryoru, osoreru.

To

com-

1

'

grieve, fear.

Tsutsushimu.

To be

cir-

respectful,

cumspect.
Uryoru,

To

hitori.

Itsukushimi, nasake.
Love, charity, pity.

grieve, alone.

Satoi, shizuka.

n Arisama, sugata.
Form, appearance, man-

Clever, quiet.

\4

ner, condition.

To

hurry, narrow-mind-

i,

To

ed.

Kurai.

hajiru.

Dark.

Shame, disgrace, to be
ashamed.

i

Tsutomeru, omou.

To exert one's

self, think.

14
;

Okotaru.

-

IFI

To

be

idle,

To

be distressed,

Nengoro, awaremu.
polite, to pity.

y Kindly,

Akitarazu, kokoroyoi.

remiss.

Dissatisfieo),

comfortable.

Ononoku.

Nayamu.
ed.

nageku.

be angry, grieve.

afflict-

To
fear.

fear,

tremble

with

57
Tsutsushimu,

ma-

sunao,

Omompakaru.

To

koto.

To show

consider.

reverence, sin-

cere, true.

Nagusameru.
To amuse, divert, con-

Yasui, tanoshimu.

sole.

Easy, to be happy.

m

Yorokobu, iwau, saiwai.
rejoice, congratulate,
happiness.

To

Tsutsushimu, yoi, sunao.
To show reverence, good,
sincere.
f

Susumeru.

To

advise.

To

grieve

over public

affairs.

Anadoru, utagau, kakusu.
To despise, doubt, conceal.

a Musaboru.
* Passion, lust, greed,
covet.

Hayai, tachimachi.

I

to

Urei, uryoru.
v Grief, to sorrow, be anxi-

Fast, immediately.

ous.

Itamu, kanashimu.

To

^ Uryoru, itamu.

grieve.

To

*

Uttaeru.

f

To

appeal

To

love, long for.

to.

* Haji, hajiru.
* Shame, to feel ashamed.
Equiv. %&
h

,-*

'*

grieve, suffer pain.

Itamu, sokonau, mugoi.
To feel pain or sorrow,
to torture, cruel.

9

K Nageku, itamu.
cry, grieve.

&

Anadoru, ogoru, okotaru.
To despise, be proud,

Kakusu, warui, yokoshima.

To conceal,bad, perverse.
To

J Monoui.
v To be lazy.

Nareru, narawashi.

v

To

be accustomed

to,

familiar with, custom.
9-

Tashika

ni.

-.

Hayai,

? Quick,

takeshii.

fierce.

^ Susumeru.

? Certainly.

y

To

offer, press

upon.

& Uryoru, itamu.
V To grieve, lament.

Intelligent.

Nageku, kanashimu.
To be grieved and indignant.

Oshimu.
begrudge.

To

%.

*
a

*

Jfc

a
^

58
Yorokobu, shizuka.

Osoreru, fusu.

To

fear, lie

To

down.

To

rejoice, quiet.

Uramu.

Awaremu.

To

pity.

Habakaru.
fear, be shy

To

resent, regret.

Nengoro, makoto.
Courteous, true.
of.

Kotaeru, atehameru, ataru.

To

correspond to, consent, apply, accordingly.

.? Ikidoru.

* To be angry, indignant,
zealous.

Nayamu, kurushimu.
>r

Ikou,

*

To

To

yasumu.

be in

distress.

rest.

Okotaru.

To

* Nori.
v Law,

Omou,

To

y Nikumu.

v

To

be lazy.

constitution.
shirusu.
think, note

down,

re-

member.

hate.

Uryoru.

To

Tsukareru.

To
tr

be weary.

To

fc

Tanomu,yoru.

grieve, pity.

? To apply

to,

feel

sorrow

Nengoro, komayaka.
Kind, intimate.

Uryoru, awaremu.

*

grieve,

for.

rely

Yoi, tsutomeru, sakan.
flourish-

Good, to labor,

on,

evidence.

ing.

Itsuwaru.

To

Yorokobu.
4.

* To

^
*

Tashinamu, sukoyaka.
be fond of, healthy.

Yatsureru, uryoru.

To

be glad.

falsify.

be

To

emaciated, sor-

rowful.

Wazurau, nwdaeru.
T

To

.

To

* Namajii ni.
Without
deliberation,
v thoughtlessly.

be troubled, in an-

guish.

grieve.
;

Itamu.

\

To

be in pain.

Kurai, midareru, oroka.
to be disturbed,

Yorokobu, konomu.

Dark,

To

foolish.

rejoice, like.

59
'

H^

Yowai, ikujinai.
Weak, cowardly.

The

To

fifth

calender sign.

Masakari.

Korasu.
> >

Tsuchinoe.

.

/At

A broad ax, battle ax.

punish, threaten, con-

vict.

Sen.

A Japanese coin, a sen.

Idaku, omou, natsuku, futokorc.

To embrace, desire, be
tamed, the bosom.
Kakaru.
To hang, concern, cost
depend on, be anxious.

The dog, the eleventh zodiacal sign, north-west.
Mantoru.
To guard.

Kurai, oroka, midareru.

Dark, foolish, to be

Tsuwamono, hamono,

dis-

A

Okotaru, monoui.
be indolent.

barian.

To

become,

a bar-

finish, per-

form.

repent, confess.

~fc

uryoru.

To rejoice, grieve.
Osoreru, ononoku, odosu.
To fear, tremble, threat-

it

7PC *

Imashime, imashimeru.

A prohibition, commandment, to punish, warn.

I,

en.

my, we, our.

a Aruiwa, aru, kuni, tochi.
* Or, if, some, a
certain, per-

Osoreru.

To

soldier, arms,

To

To
\m Kuyuru.

ebi-

su.

turbed.

fear.

haps, doubtful, country.
Yoi, uruwashii.
Good, beautiful.

* Sokonau,
9

Koi, shitau.
Love, to love, long for.

-fe

To

korosu, hoko.
injure, kill, a spear.

Shitashimu, miuchi, uryoru.
friendly, intimate
with, relatives, to grieve.

* To be

Oroka.
Foolish.

* A
clicking,
v sound.

beating

4 Stroke radical.

*

rt ,m Hoko-zukuri.

M

f>

y

I"*

*

22 Characters.

Hoko, ikusa.

I*

ff

A

,

A spear, lance, war.

,,5:

Hoko.
double headed lance,
korosu.

^ To conquer,

n

'.

Jh

* * ?

kill.

tt

R,

58
-fe

Osoreru, fusu.

~y

To

fear, lie

Yorokobu, shizuka.

down.

Hv To

rejoice, quiet.

To

resent, regret.

u Awaremu.
v To pity.
n Hdbakaru.
To fear, be shy

>s/

Nengoro, makoto.
Courteous, true.
of.

Kotaeru, atehameru, ataru.

To

? Ikidoru.
* To be angry, indignant,

correspond

to,

con-

sent, apply, accordingly.

zealous.

Nayamu, kurushimu.
4.

<

To

Ikou, yasumu.

To

be in

distress.

rest.

Okotaru.

*

To

Nori.

v Law, constitution.

Omou,

To
To

be lazy.
shirusu.
think, note

down,

re-

member.

hate.

Uryoru.

To

Tsukareru.

To
t;

*
fc

p

be weary.

feel

sorrow

Nengoro, komayaka.
Kind, intimate.

Uryoru, awaremu.

To

grieve,

for.

grieve, pity.

Yoi, tsutomeru, sakan.
flourish-

To

Tanomu, yoru.
apply to, rely on,

Good, to labor,

evidence.

ing.

Itsuwaru.

To

Yorokobu.
4.
->

To

be glad.

falsify.

^.

Yatsureru, uryoru.

*

To

be

Tashinamu, sukoyaka.
be fond of, healthy.

To

emaciated, sor-

rowful.

Wazurau, modaeru.
be troubled, in an-

To
*

To

* Namajii ni.
Without
deliberation,

5
'

\

guish.

grieve.

'*

To

be in pain.

thoughtlessly.

Kurai, midareru, oroka.
to be disturbed,

Yorokobu, konomu.

Dark,

To

foolish.

rejoice, like.

59
Yowai, ikujinai.

Tsuchinoe.

Weak, cowardly.

The

J Korasu.^

v

To

fifth

calender sign.

* Masakari.
*
broad ax, battle ax.

A

punish, threaten, con-

vict.

g Idaku, omou, natsuku, futokorc,
4
To embrace, desire, be
tamed, the bosom.
,4- Kakaru.
I"

To

y
,

The dog, the eleventh zodiacal sign, north-west.

hang, concern, cost

Mamoru.

depend on, be anxious.

To

a; Kurai, oroka, midareru.
'* Dark, foolish, to be disturbed.

A

5 Okotaru, monoui.
indolent.
^

,v

To

To

bar-

become,

finish, per-

Imashime, imashimeru.

Yorokobu, uryoru.
rejoice, grieve.

A prohibition, commandment, to punish, warn.

Osoreru, ononoku, odosu.
To fear, tremble, threaten.

1,

my, we, our.

a Aruiwa, aru, kuni, tochi.
9 Or, if, some, a
certain, per-

t Osoreru.

To

soldier, arms, a

form.

repent, confess.

'

"*

ebi-

barian.

Kuyuru.

To

guard.

Tsuwamono, hamono,

* To be
*

A Japanese coin, a sen.

fear.

haps, doubtful, country.
Y0/, uruivashii.
beautiful.

Good,

^
&

LX

Sokonau, korosu, hoko.
To injure, kill, a spear.

X<?z, shitau.

y Love,

to love, long for.

* Oroka.
* Foolish.

-fe

*

Shitashimu, miuchi, uryoru.
To be friendly, intimate
with, relatives, to grieve.

# A
clicking,
y sound.

beating

4 Stroke radical.
,

. Hoko-zukuri.

Mr*

22 Characters.

A spear, lance, war.

Hoko.
double headed lance,

A

u Katsu, korosu.
v To conquer, kill.

X
a

B

60
t

g Osameru atsumeru.

To

^

Kiru, tatsu.
To cut, cut

i*
i

Shitagau.
To follow.

,

i?

ij

9
[

store up, collect.

Tobira.
leaf of a door, title

The

off.

page of a book.

Korosu, sarasu.

To kill, expose (a corpse).
4 Stroke radical.

i

-fe

\*

Tatakau, soyogu.

To fight, war, to tremble
with fear, flutter in the
wind.
Tawamureru, asobu.

To

i

r

play, sport.

Itadaku, noseru.
reTo
ceive respectfully, sustain.

put on the head,

24/ Characters

^

The

hand, arm, a handle.

Hataraki, wazuka.

#1

Ability,
scarcely.

only,

talent,

Utsu.

E^-

-Ju

rt
/h* rtU
Hi"*

4 Stroke radical.
To ~sasllira 10 Characters.

To

beat, strike.

To

strike, beat.

-fc

1

i,

1

tataku.

Osu, hiraku.
push, grasp,
entrust to.

r

To

A door, house, family.

Tataku, hikaeru.
knock, to

!

V Semai, nayamu, wazawai.
* Narrow, to suffer, mis-

,

To

'

open,

refrain,

withdraw, put down.

fortune.

Motoru, modoru, tomaru.
oppose, return, stop.

To
*
'

v

le,

heya,fusa, manaita.

A house,

room,

To

TT

tassel, a

assist, protect, help.
su,

place,

cause,

now.

Tasukeru, mamoru.

To

chopping board.

A

pierce, well,

Fusegu, mamoru.
To defend, protect.

-fcr

that

To

which.

shimesu.

strike,

push, show,

criticize.

Tozasu, kwannoki.

Ukeru, uketamawaru, tsugu.

1

To

To receive, acknowledge,

^

Hiratai, oi, hikui.
Flat, many, low.

^

v

shut, a gate bar.

A folding fan, to fan.

:

succeed

to.

Oru,

kujiku,

To

wakajini

break, bend, fold, die

young.

61
4/L

h

Nageru, tomdru.

IX * To throw, send (as

a

let-

62
4CI ij
77J *

Tabiirakasu, kadowakasu.
deceive, abduct.

To

"

Hiraku.
To open.

Hitieru,

To

* Hiku,
v To pull,

a

draw,

dis-

v

Naderu, kesu, nuru.

To

v

To
I/

seize, lead

make.

Semeru.
To urge, press upon.

s/

Hirou,

to.

7 To pick up,

ten.

away.

To

Saku, hiraku, utsu.
To tear, open, strike.

P

To

?

9-

erase,

hiku, toraeru.

Tsukamu,

-H

rub,

stroke,
anoint.

tsumamu.

pinch, pick up.

y Koshiraeru.

charge.
,s

Oyayubi.

The thumb.

have, hold, keep.

A finger, to point out.
*

To

jt

Hasamu,

pull,

draw, extract.

^ Nuguu,fuku.
*

To

fit

tstigtwni.

into,

mouth), be

close (the

silent.

# Kukuru, musubu.

y To bind,

r Nejiru, oru.
* To twist, break.

4^ *
In y
'

>N

v

Nageutsu.

To throw

or fling away.

beat,

strike,

beat

time, pulsation.

* Sam,
3

To

sasageru, motsu.
leave, offer up, hold.

naderu.
7 Utsu, tatdku,
To strike, beat, stroke.

To

labor, toil.

To

save

* Komanuku.
tr

To

4-

Kobushi.

^ Idomu.

* To

challenge, defy, en-

divide.
it

koto,

fist.

tice.

* To throw away,

^ Te wo utsu

fold the arms.

* The

Suieru, -wakatsu.

" To

Honeoru, hataraku.

tatdku, hyoshi.

/,

To

unite.

^ Sukuu, tasukeru.

5
9

tie,

mau.

clap the hands, dance.

Utsu, tadasu.
beat, investigate, torture.

v To

63
it

4

To

4-

-r
*"

aux. num. for guns, etc.

Kangaeru, hikaeru, tnomu.

To

^ Hakadoru.

massage.

< To progress favorably.
*

to

Utsu, iatdkau.

*

To

y To

consider,

restrain,

pull, lead.

strike, fight.

Kumu, yuzuru,

4

To

? To
draw,

pull.

4

To

s/

Furuu.

push,

draw

dip

up,

shirizoku.

relinquish,

retire.

>r Osu, chikazuku.
:

protect.

off,

Nuku, nukinderu.
4 To pull out, supersede
=?

Hissageru.
-* To carry in the hand.
1

Fusegu, mamoru.

v To ward

hang.

t.

;

v To shake, quake,

Suteru.

* To throw away,

near.

stir up.

* Hasamu, sashihasamu,
* To hold between two

give up.

Sasageru.
To present to a superior.

To throw

away.

objects, cherish.

^v Maku, kakageru.
To

Toraeru.
'

To seize,

roll up, lift up.

arrest.

Sabaku, wakatsu.
v To unravel, divide,

Harau, haku.
To sweep, clear away.

>x

sell.

Sazukeru*

To

9 Hirou, toru.
v To pick up, take.

bestow, give, impart.

>v Tanagokoro, tsukasadoru.
jr The palm of the hand, to
control.

a Hitoskii, tataku.
^ Equal, to hammer.

Hiraku,
9*

*

Osu, toraeru, itsuivaru.
push, seize, falsify.

shirizolzeru,

To

open, cause to retire,

to be in a row.

Toraeru, karameru.

To

arrest, seize

na-

rabu.

To

Horu.
To dig out

and bind.

Kakaru.
To hang, concern.

Kujiku, oru.

To sprain, break, destroy.

Jh

:

s

64
>>

i

tt

v

Kasumeru.

Torn, tsumu.
take, choose, pick.

To

To

To

for,

investigate,

* To

search

t-

To

^

^

To

f.

press,

infer,
a:

Ou, OSOU.

'*

To

4

Hiku, todomaru.
To pull back, to

.stop.

twist, twirl, touch.

y To
Katsu, hayai.

To

un-

attack

^ Sukuu.
9 To scoop up.

Hineru, sawaru.

?

cover,

awares.
rule.
*z

-t

ivaki.

the side.

Nejiru, motoru.
To twist, wrench, oppose.

To

Wakibasamu,

* To hold under the arm,

Okite.

1

crowd

confer,

withdraw,

advance, guess.

Law,

aloft.

upon.

restrain,

push,

tower

hodokosu, semaru.
put,

ff

down, 'appeal.

# To

(9&M,

* To

* Osu, susumeru.

ix

raise,

join, associate with,

Hikacru.
jot

Ageru, sobieru.

v To

continue, touch.
=

beat, whip.

examine.

t Tsugu, majlwaru.
y

take, rob.

muchi-utsu.

Saguru, sagasu.

equalize, match,

com-

plete, furnish.

conquer, quick.

^ Momu, tawamcru.
v

^ Sueru, yoru.
a To place, rely on.

To

rub, crumple, bend.

? Hissageru, tazusaeru.

To

4

To

f-

Sasu, sashihasamu.

press, print.

^ Hineru, tsumamu.
? To twist, take a pinch,

~

J

To

carry in the hand.

clasp, insert.

Com.

pick up.
.

& Nusumu.
v

To

T,

Sumu.

*

To

fj

5=-

^

To

raise, hoist, praise.

steal.
,

*

-y

'

}.

Ageru, homeru.

,

f Kaeru, aratameru.

v

To

change,

exchange,

dwell.

Furiiu.

To
tail).

flap or shake (as a

Kdkageru.

To

lish.

raise up, hoist, pub-

65
Furuu.

* To
shake, wield,
3-

To

strike, seize, arrest.

To

scratch.

Tasukeru.

* To
*

*

help.

Hdkaru.

oi

To

*

plan, plot.

Ugoku, yureru.

To move,
and

^ Egaku,

To

* Tazusaeru, hissageru.
4 To carry in the hand,
Cor. j^
carry.

Koneru.
knead, mix, falsify.
Equiv. J

4

3 ///&,
tr

Komanuku. yuzuru.

To
To

To

^t/ra/.

pull, dark, ignorant.

Sto&m*.

fold the hands, yield.

To

T Nigiru.
?

be shaken to

fro.

utsusu.

draw, describe, copy

To

?

toraeru.

t,

scatter.

squeeze, milk.

^ Tsuku, utsu.
? To pound, strike.

grasp.

* Hdkaru.
* To plan, conjecture.

Hakobu, utsusu.

* To

Karakau.

9.

To mock,

v

banter, tease.

transport,

move.

Sagasu.

To

search,

investigate,

enquire after.
a:

Tasukeru, hiku.
assist, rescue, draw.

* To
*,

y Noseru, utsu.
^ To load, strike.

Erdbu, wakatsu.

y To choose,

\& Kakageru, nukitoru.
To lift up, pluck out.

^

distinguish.

v To cover.

i

f Karameru.
To bind, arrest.

]&

^

/#&/.
To draw,

full.

To

copy, print.

To

strike, take, cover.

Hakaru, nori.
To measure, law.

,

t.

10

y Sokonau, ushinau, herasu.
* Harm, to damage, lose,
diminish.

Jr

H

toru, ou.

y Sashibasamu, furuu.
* To hold between, wave.

Jh

66
* To
a?

*

Maku,

tataku.
,
strike, beat.

Hirou, tsumu.
To pick up, pick

To
-t:

shiku.

sow, spread, publish.

Erabu.

v To choose,

off.

select.

Utsu.
strike.

Kosuru, migdku, kesu.
To rub, polish, sharpen,

To

erase.

,

Utsusu, nottoru, saguru.
mould, model, to copy,

4-

C/tew,

V

To

A

search for.
=)

9

nageru, kakageru.
throw, lift up.

strike,

Torn, kakimazeru.
take, mix.

To

^ Suru, yaburu.

? To

rub,
stroy.

print,

file,

de-

^
*

Utsu, marumeru.
strike, roll into a ball.

To

away.
ft
*>

Narau,

\T

* To

utsusu.

a pole.

t Hissageru,
4

break, crush.

U#

To

-t:

*

strike,

Kakageru,

a* To

lift

Sashi-maneku, saku.
To beckon, tear.

pound.
utsu.

up, strike.

'-y

[*.

Motsu, utsu.
To hold, strike.

Naburu, idomu, kasumeru.

Hiroi-toru.

To

To

pick up.

* Tsukamu.

To

saku.

take up, tear.

>v

&* To take.
p

To

* Tsukaneru.
To bind in a bundle.

Toru.

jft.

Sasacru, sao-sasu.
To support, to push with

imitate, copy.

Kudaku.

To

Utsu, kakageru, harau.
strike, lift up, clear

To

tease, entice, seize.

nozoku, hagu.
take away, to strip

i,

To

grasp.

off, reject.

^a Sasaeru,
"

To

prop

noberu.
up, stretch.

Hineru, yoru.

To
'

;

twist.

Naderu, itawaru.

To

stroke,

comfort, pity.

tranquilize,

Tsuku, tataku.

To

pound,

strike.

67
Tsunmmu,

toru.

To

take a pinch
(a photograph).
:>-,

!*

Of-^rt/&5M.

To

take

of,

Harau, hanatsu, bacht.
To clear away, shoot, a
plectrum.

Sasageru, ukeru.
To offer, receive.

y Osameru.
'^ To restrain.

^

Chirasu, maku.
To scatter, sprinkle.

t*-

Tomeru,

..9.

i*

conceal.

Imashimeru.
To warn, reprove.

tau'ainu,

Tsuranuku, kiru.
pierce through, wear.

To

Kezuru, oru, muchiutsu.
scrape, break, whip.

To

mida-

reru.

Ugokasu.

To

bend, relax, be disordered.

To move.

Tsukaneru, todomeru, kangaeru.
To bind, check, inspect,
consider.

To

Utsu.
r^-

v

[

:

To

& Erabu.
* To choose.

;

tect.

Saku, oyayubi.
To tear apart, the thumb.

Utsu.

To

Toriko, toraeru.

beat, strike

A captive, to

* Yoru.
a To rely on, on account

Utsu,

To

Ninau.
carry on the should-

To

mukau.

ers,

strike, confront.

To

To

pulverize, roll.

To

To

Muchi-utsu.

v

To

imitate,

model

compare, estimate.

t Kazoeru.
h

up, bear,

count, enumerate.
Toru, wakatsu.
seize, divide.

To

whip.

#

^
I*

all,

Nazoraeru, hakaru.

strike.

*?

raise

promote.

a Utsu.

T To

be responsible.

Ageru, kaku, kozoru, mina.

>5 Suru, korogasu.

4

take

seize,

prisoner.

of.

^*

mamoru.
embrace, hold, pro,

Misao, toru, ayatsuru.
v Chastity, to take, work
puppets.

*

ni suru.
act arbitrarily.

To

-9-

V
'*

strike.

Hoshiimama

ff

a

J!

JK

Jh

ft

after,

68
Tsumani-motsu, tsumamu.
pick up with the

*>

fingers.

\s

lift

overthrow, push

pound,

*

To

pull out, select, excel.

reject,

^
f To hold down,

V

to.

19
scatter.

u Tsuru.
* To cramp, be drawn up
by

cause to retire.

disease.

9 Tsukamu, torn.
? To grasp, seize.

Sasuru, kosuru.
To rub, stroke.
*

ni.
, tasukeru,kari
take, help, act for

To

Osaeru, chirasu.

Shirizokeru.
'

expel,

temporarily, pay heed

strike.

Hikidasu, nukinderu.

To

UtSU.
strike.

;J
in.

Tsuku, tataku.

To

16

up.

harau.
^ Shirizokeru,
brush off.
To

up.

Oshiotosu, oshi-ireru.

To

lift

* To

Motageru.

To

Kdkageru.

* To

To

Kaki-midasu.

To

Midareru, wazurawashii.
To be confused, disturbed, vexatious.

stir into

confusion.
21

Nigiru, tsuka.
To grasp, a hilt.

*

|

5 J0rw, tsumamu, moisu.
To take up in the fingers,

*

'?
>*

hold.

Nageutsu.

To

throw, throw away.

4 Stroke radical.
&**' nyu-

Hirogeru.

To spread out, widen, extend,

2 Characters.

fill.
^/<3,

A

Yojiru.

To

climb.

Katamuku, mochi-sam,
;

so-

badatsu.

To

lean,

carry

away,

tower up.

Tsumamu.
pick

sasaeru, moisu.
to support,

branch,

hold.

Hiraku, nozoku, ugokatu.
To open, eradicate, move.

To

*

up

with the
Stroke radical.

fingers.

Boku-zukuri.
31 Charac!ers.

\r Minagorosu, shibaru.
\y To massacre, bind.

Ageru, yosutebito.
To raise, a hermit, monk.

*.

fftai.

To

strike.

*
#c

69
y Toraeru, osameru, toru.
* To seize, take, collect,
reap, pay in (as taxes).
% Aratameru.
4

a
v

To

reform, improve, re-

vise, inspect.
Utsu,
semeru,

V

A place,

positively, to be
bold, adventurous.

y.

Chiru, chirasu, kogusuri.

^ To

medicinal

scatter,

powder.
h Atsui, nengoro.

far.

Hanatsu,

oiyaru,

hoshii-

mama.

To let go, set free, banish
as

Aete, isamu.

v Daring,

v Honest,

strike, attack, study.

4 Tokoro,toi.

v

.

osameru,

narau.

To

>jj

f

one

^

pleases.
Matsurigoto, tadasu.

1

Government,

kind.

^ Suteru,yabureru,tsukareru.
4 To throw away, to break,
to be weary.

* Hiraku, arawareru,
v

aki-

rdka.

To

be

open,

manifest,

clear.

political, to

govern, correct.

Tama

no sakazuki.

A valuable wine-cup.

Moto, yue, furui, kotosara
ni.

cause, reason,
Origin,
old, deceased, purposely.

narau,

jj

Kikime,

v

manabu.
[study.
Efficacy, merit, to learn,

isaoshi,

Oshie, michibiku,
-seshimeru.

^ Uyamau,
4

t-

uyauyashii, tsutsushimu.
To honor, respectful, to
stand in awe of.

Utau, utsu.

v To

sing, strike.

oshieru,

Doctrine, to lead, teach
cause to do.

ti

Tataku, utsu.

&

To

strike,

knock.

Ada, kataki, kobamu.
* An enemy, to oppose.
5r

t Satoi, toi.

v

Intelligent, clever, quick.

Yaburu, sokonau, kusareru.
4 To break, destroy, defeat,
>H

* Kazu, kazoeru, shibashiba.
to
Number,
several,
count, often.

rot.

Shiku, tsuranaru.

* Sukuu, tasukeru.
v
j>

3

To

To

spread, be arranged
in a row.

save, assist.

Tsuizuru, noberu, tsuide.
arrange in order, re-

To

confer rank
by the way.

late,

upon,

An

ix

Imperial decree.

Ogoru, tawamureru, kamabisushii.

To

Totonoeru, hitoshiku sum.
put in order, repair,

To

equalize.

* Mikotonori.

5

t
4

[noisy.

be proud, to sport,

Osameru,

y To

^
4

toru.

collect,

gather

To

fall

down,

die,

over.

'X
'$.

*

i*
a

in.

Taoreru, taosu.

a
&

push

70
4 Stroke radical.

Owo, j<?^/, /^m/, ta/sw.
axe, to cut.

An

P H 4 Characters.

To
?

v

cut.

jFttOTZ, 0;y<2.

A

composition;

letter,

ij!

Tatsu, kiru.

v To cut

figures,

off, cut.

u Sakan.

y

Kore,kaku.

Flourishing.

This, thus, so.

Uruwashii.

y Atarashii,

Pretty.

Madara,

^ New,

buchi.

Striped, spotted.

^*

v
4 Stroke radical.
To-zukuri.

Tatsu, taeru, sadameru.
cut off, cease, decide,
Ab. %ft
refuse, decline.

To

OK
I* 6 Characters.

Stroke radical.

4

A

measure, the
a constellation.

Hakaru,

name

alegai.

To estimate, fee, price,
material, allowance.
Naname.
Inclined,

[que.

slanting,

obli-

A

to.

Kumu, hakaru.

[select.

dip

out,

1

3

Character ;.

v Side, region, direction,
person, square, way.
a, Yori, ni, oite.
* In, on, as

to, in

estimate,

beside,

1J

3

^^

5/1 *

A

journey, traveling, a
brigade, many.

^ Sashizubata,

\

r^.

/P

A

[axe.
Ibs.

while,

everywhere.

Ono-zukuri.
8 Characters.

)

bestow,

^Soba, katawara, katagata,
v
amaneku.
Side,

4 Stroke radical.

Hakari, ono.
catty, i|

to.

practice.

Tsukasadoru.
To rule, administer.

r*L

regard

Hodokosu.
To give alms,

/Ho wo jubai.
measure of ten

To

Kata-hen.

RH

of

nii-.

recent, fresh.

^A

usJii

signal flag,

no isshu.
of

kind

cattle.

Eng., an

M no hata, kore.

Shtrizokeru, Wzokeru, hakaru.

^
v

To

Yakara, tomogara, iagiii.
* Family, relatives, per-

drive

away, expel,

keep at a distance,
mate.

esti-

A silken

flag, this.

My*

sons, sort, kind.

71
Meguru, kaeru.

To

-hH J

/Ui^^ The

revolve, return.

Hata, arawasu.
flag, to point out.

A

Hata no

The

rising sun.

* Hideri.
'

ashi.

A drought.

y

* Higure, sakan.
v Evening, vigorous.

folds of a flag.

Hata.

A flag.

same,

afterwards,

an elder brother.

A

Mrugaeru.
flag, to wave.
z,

Noboru, agaru.
To rise, ascend.

4 Stroke radical.

Sakan, akiraka.
Prosperous, bright, clear.

2 Characters.

Nashi.
Not, without.

;

Mukashi,

inishie.

Ancient times, the

past,

yesterday.
!

Sude ni, tsukusu.
[haust.
Already, to finish, ex-

.

Yasui, kaeru.

Easy, to exchange, trade,
divination.

4 Stroke radical.
Nichi-hen.

98 Characters.

'

Higure, kurai.
Evening, dark.
i,

* Clear, bright,

y The sun day.
r~l

& Tsuta,

v Early,
.F~*~

dkeru.

obvious, to

open, dawn.

ashita, dkirdka.

morning,

9 Hikari, sakan, higasa.

light,

v Light, vigorous, a

clear.

halo.

Furui, moto.

m** Formerly,

t:

old, ancient,
the olden times, origin.

\f

-h Okii, hiroi, natsu no sora.
,v Large, wide, the summer
sky.

early, quick, fast.

y Katamuku.

Toka.

A period of ten days, ten.

n

?

#

5r

To decline.
JOSL

* * y tt
^
XU<

awaremu.
sky, to pity.

k

Ashita, tsuto, sumiyaka.
Early in the morning,

*

sora,

An autumn

% Agaru, takai.
v To rise, lofty.

Umai, mune.
Sweet, pleasant to the
taste, meaning, object.

jf

Aki no

"t_i

R

72
r Hareru,

A star, dot.

late, to

The

osoi,

v To become

spring.

>r

yawaragu.
fair (clear),

soften

Shiroi.

White.

Yami, kurai, kuramasu.
Darkness, dark, obscure,

# Akiraka, hikaru.

to deceive.

v Clear, bright, to
Kore, koko ni, tadashii.
This, here, right, cor-

shine.

? Sarasu.
4

rect.

To

expose

to the sun,

bleach.

Akiraka, hikari.

5/

Clear, light, manifest.

B^

***
Yesterday,

s/

last.

Susumu.

* To advance,

Hiraku, tobi-agaru, hikaru.
To open, leap up, shine.

Hi no

Mahiru.

v Mid-day, noon,

*

hikari.
*.

Sunshine.

increase.

Evening, night,

late.

Him.

v Noon, day-time.

Atatameru.

To warm.
Evening.
Akiraka, hikari.
v Clear, light.
4

i/

hikari.

White

* Subaruboshi.
P v The Pleiades.

Akeru, kawaku.
To dawn, to dry.

4

Utsuru, akiraka.
reflect (as in a mirror), shine on, clear.

f

Chikazuku,

*.

">

To

Akiraka, hoshi no hikari.
Clear, starlight.

mutsumajii,

shitashimu.

To come

near, friendly,
to be intimate.

:?

A long day, clear.

Kurai, tsugomori, misoka*
Dark, the last day of the

month.
v Ashita,

* Hinaga, akiraka.

?

light.

',

tsuto ni.

v Morning,

early.

Antaneku.

Time, hour, season.

All, everywhere.

73
*

Keshiki, kage*

1

Appearance,

scenery,

Hikari, kagayaku.
Light, to shine.

-

shade, sunshine, light.
]

Kashikoi, satoi.
Intelligent, wise.

v

Kasuka, kurai, yoru.
Faint, dark, night.

Akiraka, hikaru.
Bright, clear, light, crystal.

y

^

^ Hareru.
4

To

be

Noberu, nagai.
stretch, long.

To

Shibaraku.
short time,

A

some

time.

clear.

Kure, kureru.
Hikage, hakaru.
Shade, to calculate time,

Evening, sunset, to

'

grow dark.

t Hi-kure.
7
Dusk, evening.

&

set,

Sarasu, kawakasu.
To expose to the sun,
to dry.

7
c

-fc>

Kurai, sasaeru.

^ Dark, to support.

t Akiraka, shiroi.
* Clear, white, complexion.
Equiv. "U

jj

Kiyoi, akiraka.
clear.

V Pure,

Kurai.
* Dark.
>;

.

*

jj|

=

,

Leisure.

Hot, hot weather.

atatameru.
Ng-jr Atatakai,

\0.v

Warm,

if

Atatameru.

v

To warm.

>v

Kurai.

* Dark.

to heat.
j*

Knir Kurai, yami.
10 v Dark, darkness.

'H,v

Atataka, nodoka.
Warm, mild.

Hp>

Tsuki-hi no kasa,

ir!>.y

The halo
to

of

become

moon

To approach, be intimate.

g

/Ira/, flra^w,

^

niwaka, sara-

.sw.

^ Violent, to devastate,sudden, to expose to the sun.

memai

suru.

fft.

Chikazuku, shitashimu.

*

or sun,

*

n

Kumoru.
To be cloudy.

y

Akatsuki, satoru.

dizzy.

v The dawn, to perceive,
know.

Hinode, akiraka.
9 Sunrise, clear.

jit

Ji

R

74
12

ip.

'*

O

Koyomi.

A

calendar.

Kumoru,

Ancient

kazasu, kurai.

from the

4 Stroke radical.

sun,

Hirabi.
12 Characters.

Oyobu, tsuyoi, tonio ni.
To reach, strong, along
with.

lu,

To
Kagayaku, sakan.

notamau.
speak, say,

call.

tsubu-

Magaru, yugamu,

shine, flourishing.

sa

To

ni.

be

Hinode, akiraka.
Sunrise, clear.

in detail, a tune.

Asahi.

Hiku.

The

bend,

crooked,

To

pull, drag.
Kaeru, fukeru, sara ni.
To change, reform, grow

rising sun.

Kurai, kazasu, ou.
Dark, to hold as a screen
from the sun, cover.

13

previ-

cloud over, to hold

y as a screen
4 dark.

To

times,

I* Sarasu.
.* To expose to sunlight.

Clear.

^ To

Mukashi, saki.

:

ously.

u Akiraka.

>

;

late, again.

Izukunzo, todomeru.
* Why, to stop.
jj

14

I

*.

Hikari, kagayaku.

P Light, to

O

shine, termina-

tion for days of the week.
|s,
i

s/

3

Akebono.

a The

dawn,

morning,

$

^

twilight.

letter,

Tomogara, nioronwro.

A

plural

particle,

per-

sons, companions.

L^ Kurai, bony art.

>

Kdku, fumi.
write, a book,
document,

To

Dark, dim.

-v

v
Higure.

Hit'Oj,

Wide,

Dusk, twilight.

nagai, nobiru, utsu-

kushii.

long, to

[fair.

extend,

y Katsute, kasanaru.

^ Previously, ever, never.
?
Kawaru, sutaru, yatnu.

[^ Sarasu.
f-*

To

expose to the sun.

l.

Akiraka, hisashii,
[

$

sMku

\

?j

To change, substitute, be
discarded, out of use.

i-

Mottomo.

suru.

Clear, a

long time,

make

useless.

Hi

iro,

no

muna-

Sunlight,
sun.

to

.4

asahi.

the

morning

^
>f

Very, best, right.
atsumaru, satoru.
meet, assemble,
company, to perceive.
.4M,

To

a

75
t~E -**r 4 Stroke radical.

H

Imada,

yet, not, the sheep,
the eighth zodiacal sign.

^ The end, top branch, a

The moon, a month.
* To

hitsuji.

Not

Tsuki-hen.
/ 4 ^*K
HI* 12 Characters.

descendant, future.

be, have, keep, pos-

-1
>TL v

sess.

A

ticket,

note,

card,

paper-money.

* Tomo.
9

A friend, companion.

Kimono, shitagau.
* Clothing, to obey,
auxiliary numeral.

v The
an

kita.
ffcfjf- Tsuitachi, hajime,
first of the month,

77J * The

beginning, north.

principal,

be based upon, a

*

ink.

Kinokawa, oinaru.
of a tree, great,

$

~*2jfx Nozomu, mochizuki.

The bark

original, plain, simple.

Tsukue.

^35^ To

a^ A

desire, hope, expect,
the full moon.

din 5 Hogardka.
^5/J * Bright, clear, spacious.

table, desk.

J-Tt* Kuchiru.
To decay.

T7^

ashita, tsuto.

The morning,

origin,

^ Aka, akai.
Red, vermillion, red

* Ware.

jfrtt^ ^sa,

motozuku.

book.

* The Imperial "We."

-T7J *

',

real, to

-y

A thorn.

early, the

Court.

A

A branch, cluster.

period of time, fixed

time, to

fix,

expect.

v The cedar, cryptomeria.

Oboro.

Dim, cloudy, obscure.
iggti

Sumorno.

A plum.

0&0r0.

Dim, cloudy, obscure.
4 Stroke radical.

Maruta, hataraki.

'M? Material,

stuff,

timber,

qualities, sagacity, ability

OH 282 Characters.

Mura.

A tree, wood.

A

A village.
cane, stick, to lean on.

H
Jh
3?

1
*

Jr

76

n

f-

TQ

The Duke

of

v

Argyll's

Makura.

A pillow.

tea-tree.
y

v

^ Tsukaneru,

To

y

tie,

tdba.

Hay ash

bind, a bundle,

sheaf.

i.

A forest.

A

iki,

kazu.

stem, an auxiliary
numeral, to number.

A lever.

A branch,

Konomi, hatasu,
Fruit, to end, accomplish
as expected.

forking bran-

ches.
"
r

Hishaku,

A branch, limb.

e.

A dipper, handle.

Biiva.

The
/

An

LJ

>T

V*

apricot.

A^take,

loquat.

Kui.

A stake, pile.
Magaru, mageru.

pile.

To

no ne,fusagu.
Grass roots, to shut

off.

W>

bend, condescend.

Kine.

IT A mallet, pestle.

Soma.

A mountain planted with

hashi, komakai.
tip of a tree, end,

^ Kozue,
v

timber, timber.

The

small.

A persimmon.

* Hi, donguri.

a

A wine-cup, glass. Com.^
east.

& Yuka, toko.
v The floor, a bed.

# The pine.
4;|

^

A board, printing-block.
A branch, line.

kind of

i Kurai, haruka.
9 Dim, dark, far.

Higashi, azuma.

The

A shuttle, acorn,

chestnut

Sakazuki.

4/1

,

To

A
Com.f. f^

ivakatsu.

tear, divide, analyze.

wooden box for measuring, a theatre box.

77
-frnf

^ h, umaguwa.
"

A handle, horse-rake.

%

.

s/

Tekase.

*

* Manacles.

v
4.4-.

Kareru.

aP

To

A

1

withered,

*

tsuka, gara.

handle,

Hiiragi.

An

&

Soregashi, sore.
certain person,

erect.

A
I,

A rudder.

that.

401.

Someru, shimiru.

To

hang up,

Karasao, kubigase.
flail, cangue.

oak.

A

v

to

Clappers.

Kashiwa.

*

Karatachi.

A hedge tree.
Tana, kakeru.

9 The holly.
,

of mulberry (zakurj ^5^?, the pomegran-

A shelf,

appearance,

pattern, kind, sort.
s,

Yamagnwa.

A kind

ate).

be dried,

dead.

^ E,

Ono-no-e, eda.

TMJ * An ax-handle, branch.

r\\\

dye, penetrate, infect.

fr

M^flM.

v The

citrus

family,

an

orange.

>& Yawarakai.
:* Soft, gentle, tender.

Hitsugi.

A coffin.

Shiraberu, kangaeru.

Karanashi, nanzo.
of apple, why.

A kind

To enquire into, examine,
investigate.

A kind of horse-chestnut.

Hashira.
'

A post, pillar.
Ytisu, hahaso, kiru.

A

Yanagi.
The willow.

banyan

tree,

an oak,

to cut.

Yuzu.
1

The

Brush wood.

Shigarami.
9 Hurdles, piles, a
palisade.

-9-

*

citron, lemon.

4-rTT

Masame.

TiL

The

straight

wood.
Toga, tsuga.

A rudder, an oar.

A kind of
SL

^

fir.

JKL

Jh

ft

ft

grain

of

73
-fe

v

Kikugi.

,

A stopper, cork, wooden

kase.

Cross-beams,

fetters.

peg.
>j

*
jj

Kurt.
chestnut.

xhe Japanese

A

Kangaeru, shiraberu.

* To

consider,

To

compare,

ash.

plant.

revise, a school.

vbfc+Rab*.
a
V> The

stump of a

Warui, sugureru.
Bad, superior.
tree,

shares, stock.

a

Afe, ;;;0to.

^ The

*

A kind of blue-bell.

$,

Ashigase.

root, origin.

it

Itaru, nori, tadashii.

y

To

reach, rank, station,
pattern, rule, right.

* Shackles,

hoko.
J Hobashira,

4.

Katsura.

1

The cinnamon,

or cassia,

tree.

^ A mast, spear.
* Tcgase, tadashii.
Manacles, straight.

Momo.

*

A peach.

7 Tsukue,

y
,

^j-

:*

dai, kangaeru.
desk, resolution, proposal, thought, idea.

* Kamachi.
^ A window,

A

frame.

Kuwa.

A plum.

The mulberry.

The

fetters.

paulownia

or

door,

A branch, line, item, law.

imper-

ialis.

Nashi.

A pear.

A book-mark, clue, trailmarker.

5?

i
fc

Isamashii.

-

.B y

A ladder,

stairway.

Brave.
i Fetters,

^ Sumu,yasumu,
^

Hashigo.

To dwell,
The

seeds

4 gland.

of

instrument, ma-

chine, contrivance.

rest.

fruit,

a

^ Shigcru, hi.
v To be luxuriant, a
*

tie.

shut-

79
'

p

Hart, utsubari, yana.
bridge, rafters, weir.

h

Oke.

v

Moto, go.
The
base,
checkers.

A

A pail, bucket.

Japanese

tateru.

,

To

plant, set
colonize.

A

cane, stick, an auxiliary numeril.

A pole,

Kushikezuru, kushi*
a comb.

To comb,

up

(type),

bar.

Tana.

A shelf.

Kozue.
twig, tip of a tree.

A

The

Taruki.

ridge of a roof.

A rafter.
Mori, sakan, shigeru.

A forest, flourishing.

Azusa.

The

catalpa.
Hitsugi.

A coffin.

Hobo, aramashi, tadashii.

For the most

part, just.

Natsume.

Fuknro,gokumon nikakeru.

An

owl, to
and expose.

The

jujube.

To

practise,

decapitate

a kind of

cherry.

KajL

A rudder,

helm.

f3^ Nejiru, motoru.
^ To twist, to be
'

rf

stogiri.

A kind of paulownia.

y Yamanashi.
v A kind of pear

tangled.

tree.

Brahmanism, India, Sanscrit,

sacred.

v

Uwahitsugi, hakaru.
outer coffin, to cal-

An

culate.

Kuchinashi.
Cape jasmine.

9 Hachi.

;

:

v

Suteru, sutaru.

To throw

away,

Kiwata.
Cotton.

abandon, obsolete.

^
-

Awns, gO*
The
base,
checkers.

A bowl (wooden).

reject,

Wdkareta

Japanese

eda.

r Forked branches.

SL

C

!*

ah
ft
ft

A

JBL

80
=,

*
9-

y

Bo.

Kaede.

A club.

The maple.

Kakehashi, tana.
suspension bridge, jet-

Ibara, azayaka, kurushimu.
thorn, clear, to suffer.

A

A

ty, shelf, gallery.

Kusunoki.

The camphor

Tsue, utsu.
stick, to beat.

A
*

Ibara,

?
bushes.

'#

Thorny

.^

Sumu, sumika.

'<

To reside,

J Kiwameru.

roost, a dwell-

^

determine, exhaust,
extreme,

investigate,
very.

a

oak,

mallet,

to

A

model, correct,
square character.

strike.

^ Tsugu,

To

A

kusabi.

graft,

A species of palm.

wo ki.
kind of tree.

E
'

-fe

Itadaki, sansho.

The summit,

the

Eaves, a beam.

|

A species of palm.

Shigeru, boke.
To be luxuriant,
Japanese pear.

Noki, hari.

I

fr

the

Shuro.

a wedge.

The cryptomeria.

v

To

Shii, saizuchi, utsu.

# An

?

nanwai.

Calling, occupation, business.

ing, perch.
-9

,

tree.

7 Kai,
y

the Japan-

An

kaji.

oar, rudder.

Tawameru, mageru.

ese pepper.

To

bend.

Koshikake.

ft

*
?

v

A chair.

* The
cocoanut.

Kai, sao.

*

An

oar, pole.

Tsubaki.
camellia.

A

v Kawayanagi.

v

A willow.

Nire.

The

A

elm.

species of oak.

Hosonagai.
Elongated,
ellipse.

oval,

an

-* 81
?.

3

Kozu.
The paper mulbery.

Kakefuda, kogu.

A placard, to row.

v Taruki.
*

* Kareki.
v
dead

A rafter.

A

v
>r

v

Kusabi.

A wedge.

'^ Tarai.

A pillar.

l

fc*

A plum tree.

n.

/fa/, &o/Y.

j/

v

An oar,

A

\

^ Hashira.
4

y

.

'

? Tsuchi, utsu.
I*
mallet, to strike.

A

Sakaki.

rudder.

The Cleyera Japonica
(used in religious ceremonies).

Enoki.
i

An evergreen tree, the
Chinese tree-lotus.
Sakaeru.
Splendor,

^ Enju.

H

The Japanese

pagoda-

tree.

Zakuro.
.to

be luxur-

The pomegranate.

iant, excellent.

;

A basin.

\

A shield.
,

tree.

Yari.
lance.

n Kamae, kamaeru.
The external appearance,
an enclosure, to con-

'v

struct.

*

A kind of palm.

*
*

Taruki.

The

pistachio.

A house.

A rafter.

Shiboru.

To
? Sugi, shigeru.
* The cryptomeria, to be

squeeze out.

A faggot, fire-wood.

luxuriant.

V

Kiru, ikada.
To cut, a raft.

* Hdko.

y Hashibami.
* The hazel.

^

A spear.

tt

Koshikake.

?

Jh

a
R

A lounge.

10

Ako.

*

A banyan-tree.

A

I

Omune.

=
\

*

Generally, for the most

trowel.

^

Shikimi, nioigi.
* The Chinese anise.

part.
9-

J TanoshimL

v

Happiness, pleasure,com* fort, music.

Yagura, sukui-ami.

A tower, a scoop-net.

!

*jf- Afuchi.

^^Thhe
v

A

water

of

pride

? Yuzu,

Takadono, yagura.
v
large house of several
stories, a tower.

;*

koeda.

A lemon, twig.

A

v

taira ni

;>f

Omune,

;^

For the most

Shirushi, arawasu.
mark, sign, to display.

sum.
part,

to

level.

A

Kusunoki.

v

a

spout,

gutter.

~.

India,

tree.

pipe,

The camphor

tree,

cam-

^ Kaiba-oke,
v A feeding

oke.

tub,

watering

trough.

phor.

v Santa.

An

v Manner, form, appearance, Mr.
.
:

2,

Momi.

The white

nori, katadoru.

To model

after, copy,
pattern, form, scale.

3 Kashi no

oar.

fir.

a
4 Tsuki, keyaki.

A kind of tree.

kt.

P*

An oak tree.

^ Mukuge.
^ The rose of Sharon.

Toboso, kaname.
hinge, pivot, important, essential.

A

Kiji, kazari no nai.

^ Fuda, yomu, kaku.
*
writing board, to read,
"

A

Plain, simple, honest, unaffected.

to write.

Iiakaru.
g
* Uwahitsugi,
An outer coffin, to

Ki, tateru, ueru.
tree, to stand, erect,
plant.

A

cal-

culate.

Hashi.

Montijt.
The maple.

* Hanetsurube.
v
well-sweep.

A

A bridge.
Hata, hazumi, takumi.
loom, rebound, chance,
machinery, important.

A

83
hoshiimama,

Kikori, takigi.

yoko-

A wood-cutter, fire -wood.

taeru.

Across, self-willed,
place across.
i,

v

(Kanran

A

$fcffi,

to
*

The

brown

birch, a

color.

the olive)
.* Sto-i.

kind of tree.
i

& Fukuro.
*
small bag.

A

i

A sledge.

^ Toehi.
-v

The

horse-chestnut.

Hosonagai.
Slender.

A

ki, tawameru.
v Crooked wood, to bend.

# Magaritaru

ij

'*

Zdkuro.

v

The pomegranate.

v

A cask, barrel.

\

r

*

y

z,

^

Hitsugi-oi, kareru.
coffin cover, to wilt.
die.

A

*

Sasaeru, tsukae-bashira.
To support, a prop.

>
*

Kui, kiri-kabu.
stake, stump.

A

y Fubako, shiraberu, kangaeru.

v

essen-

An envelope

case, to ex-

amine, consider.

strike against, ring (a

5

bell).

j[

Daidai.

A

whip.

Tomoshibi.
<
light, torch.

>r

Tsuku.

v To

of oak whose
inner bark yields a dye,
a tub.

To

organs (of a flower).

tial

farar.

A species

Muchi-utsu.

A

^ Tareru, shibe.
* To hang down, the

*;

Kaski-no-ki, tsuyoi.
oak, strong.

The

A kind of tree.

e*

\

rudder.

Hinoki.

A species of evergreen.
Kaorigi.
The sandal- wood

kind of bitter citrus

tree,

a Buddhist temple.

fuxt.

y Meshibumi.
* A
summons,

Tachibana.

Trees of the citrus va-

nouncement.

riety.

Kashi.
The oak.

? Kawayanagi.
4 The willow.

Jh
tt

5

an

an-

12

84
::

'*

Sakura.

Noki.
eaves.

The

17

The cherry

* HobasMra.
mast.
v

A

A

kind

tree

o

hard-wood

of

tree.

Tesuri.

A

The hemp palm.

mt A
*"

A cage, prison.

^

5

Kttshif kushikezuru.

A comb, to comb.
Yumibukuro,

(Kanran

v

A

"

A hilt,

circular form.
ffifl,

kind of tree.

A bow-bag, armor-case.

the olive
21
[tree)

handle.

Fusagii, kurai, shigeru.

y Gloomy, dull, melancholy
dense.

kai.

24

A watch-tower, an oar.

Lattice.

A kind of oak.

Mr

4 Stroke radical
Fuku-zukuri.
21 Characters.

candle tree.
Akubi, kakeru.

A yawn, to

Kttnugi, donguri-no-ki.

A kind of

\v

I

;

a

Kiri-kui, hiko-bae.
stump, an off-shoot.

A

Kusunoki.

The camphor

tree.

be deficient,

absent.

oak, oaks.

/,

iff

19

yoroi-zutsuY/

The

Maruku sum.

v To take a

J-iC*A,l/

A box.

Yagura,

power, autho-

influence, to plan,

weigh.
5

-

A weight,
rity,

An oar.
.

(of

Lattice, a hand-rail, balustrade.

Kai.

b

column

Renji, tesuri, koshi.

(Binro

kind of palm.

tgt* On.
'Dm.*'

hand-rail,

a newspaper).

tsugu.

Next, assistant, viee-, to
succeed.

I/U* Yorokobu.
V To rejoice.
/IA.^

v
4

Seki.

A cough.

Equiv.

fc

X

85
Ka.

To

Hossuru, musaboru.
wish, desire, covet,

An

lust.

ticle.

Kotaerukoe, "hai."
affirmative response.

To

rejoice.

IA r&Tf

To

Ill

Azamuku.

To

par-

Yorokobu, tanoshimu.

An

Naku, musebu.
weep, sob.

interrogative

4 Stroke radical.

pj
p|j 9 Characters.

deceive, cheat.

Todomeru, yamu.

r

Tsutsushimu.

To

En. 5'

an

Yamu,

To

just,

proper, legal.
article,

Equiv.

Musaboru, ana.
To covet, a hole,

cease, re-

^ Tadashii, masa ni.
4 Correct, straight,

Yorokobu, makoto, tataku,

komayaka.
knock,
minute.

halt, stop,

main.

reveren:e, Imperial

To

To

&

This, here.
' '
>jfc

pit.

Ayumu.

To walk, a step, interest,
36 sq. ft.

tsukiru.

stop,

rest,

be

Takeshii, tsuyoi.

ex-

Fierce, strong, military.

hausted.
\y

Yugamu.

To

\*

Bent, crooked.

Uta, utau.

:-k

Ukeru, urayamu.
receive, envy.

A song, poem, to sing.

(4
'

ir

Akitarazu, uramu, musa-

**

boru.

Unsatisfied, to be
pleased with, covet.

Toshi.

A year.

Com. $$

Heru, amaneku.

To

pass, successive, emi-

ment, everywhere.

dis-

Kaeru.

To

return, revert, end.

Nageku.

To

grieve,

mourn.

?m

Stroke radical.

Haku, utau.

To

vomit, sing.

^-^.

Characters.

Naku, hanaiki suru.
To cry, breathe through

-y

Sarebone.

the nose.

**

Bleached bones.

Suu, sobiyakasu, awaseru.
To suck, strut, concur.

Death, to die.

it

86
Shinu.

To

Tsukusu,

To
Wakajint.
Early death.

%P*

Taoreru, shiroko.
fall, die, a diseased

silkworm.
Karimogari, uzumeru.

die, pass

PFflZflttW,

Temporary

yultu.

fctttfZZ

1

Tsukusu, horobosu.
destroy, annihilate.

ttlJ Ru aia
Ml'* 10 Characters.
'

nit korosu, ivakalsu.
Especially, to kill, to distinguish.

*

s/

Sao, hoko.
pole, spear.

Shitagau, tomo ni shinu.

^

Shikiri, wakachi.

(even unto
death), die for another.
follow

v

Starving

to

"'

death,

5

_,

To

increase, enlarge, get

tsumi suru.
^* Korosu,
\

p>

y

To

fr

Ochiru, owaru.

* To

kill,

Korosu, sogu.

To

kill, cut, slice off.

* Prosperous,

condemn.

fall, die.

Wakajini suru.
die young.

f # To

a

booming

noise.

',fueru, ucru.

Nokoru, sokonau.
To be left over, injure,
destroy.

(

step, grade, platform,

\ Sakan.

rich, plant.

;

A

to

wither.
_

A

section, yyotsubo of land.
-9.

Uejini, kareru.
_j

4 Stroke radical,

-^f/

Horobosu, tayasu.

To

to

To

SMrH.

v To destroy, exterminate.

*

burial,

bury.

away.

Misfortune, to condemn.
T

spent,

exhaust,

To

Ayaui, hotondo.
Perilous, almost, nearly.

To
/^/v

kotogo-

be

entirely.

,

-TCjh

tsukiru,

die.

to

Kara.

The

shell, skin.

h Majiwaru, sakana.
* To mingle, a relish eaten
with sake.

A

o,

shingari.

palace, temple, lord,
Mr., the last of a row.
Kobotsu, soshiru.
break, slander.

To

Tsuyoi, takeshii.

Strong, firm, stern.

^x

Shinu, taosu.

Utsu, tataku.

l<

To

die, kill.

To

strike,

knock, assault.

87
* Fusafusa shita.

4 Stroke radical.
Characters,

Tufty

5

11

long hair.

(hair),

S'

J7L

Tori no ke.
p Feathers, a feather robe.
.

UJ*

Nakare, nashi.

A

prohibition,

do

iz

not,

v

not.

Kemushiro.

12
13

A woolen rug.

Hdha.

A mother.

Stroke
p* jfel? 44 Characters.

radical.

JU\(

PP

A

Every, each, always.
Sokonau.

'

Poison, to harm.
-f

*

5?-

Sodateru, yashinau.
To bring up, nourish.

LI* I&ff

*

C7/V.

A surname, Mr.
Itaru, utsumuku, hikui.

To

The people,

4 Stroke radical.

J4U ((IP 2 Characters.
J-L

Atsut, tasukeru.
Kind, to help.

$;.

S,

4 Stroke radical.
8 Characters.

ft

4

tagui,

4 Stroke radic.i
5 Characters.

arrange in

a row, sort, kind, time.
'

o
subjects.

people, subjects.

Jtoro.

To compare,

down,

7Vz''

Ths
Ll H Kuraberu, naraberu,

look

reach,

low.

^

V

1

.

A

m

[mood, nature.
spirit,
Vapor, breath,
? Iki, wazawai.
/W.

^^' Air, foul
*4

air,

misfortune.

Sakan.

t v Grand, sublime.

Hair,

fur, feathers.

&** Vapor,

Mushiru.

To

v Invigorating atmospher-

Hosoge.

ic

Fine

ing.

hair.

Hosoi, sukoshi, hosoge.
little,

spirit,

y Sakan.

pluck.

Thin, a

breath,

mood, nature.

influences,

flourish-

4 Stroke radical.
Shita-mizu.

fine hair.

Mart.

A ball.

292 Characters.

tt

K

A
a

88
Mizu.

Ukabu, tadayou,

To

Water.

hiroi.

drift

float,

about,

wide.
'

Todomaru,

To

\

Nagai, hisashii.

Long, a long time, ever-

kishi.

stop, the shore.

mz&w.
*

To cleanse, choose,select.

lasting.
$/
~J

* Kumu, hiku, suu.
7 To draw water, to suck

Shiru
Juice, gravy.

fast to, busy.

* Kimeru, wakeru,

rife* Motomeru.
To seek, ask for, get.

*

<J\

y~fV
4
\

J

Nagisa, migiwa.

A

strand,

sandy

spit,

beach.

kesshite.

To

decide, settle, determine, never.

^ Shizumu, fukai, shizumeru.
v To sink, be immersed,
deep, to quiet.

Habikoru, amaneku.
v To spread,
overflow,

isago.

>,

everwhere.
Oki, itokenai.

* The tide, evening
ebb tide.
.*

The

yushio, hikishio.

-k Sfo'0,

tide,

offing,

drown,

As.

v Sweat, perspiration.

young.

Shizumu, kakureru, shinu.
To sink, be hidden,
die, to confiscate.

Kamiarau, uruosu.
To wash the ha r, bathe,
;

-

Kegareru, aka.

To

be

dirty,

moisten.
polluted,

Midareru, shizumeru.

filth.

To
1'

'a

tf

*

be

in

disorder,

to

sink.

You!

A river, arm of the sea.

Shimu, saguru.
To soak in, seek for.
Fusagaru, midareru.
To be obstructed, chaotic.

A pond.

Fusagaru, koru.
be obstructed,

To
Mizudamari, kegareru.
puddle, to be defiled.

A

Fukai,

a Mizugane.

v Quicksilver, mercury.

to

freeze.
hiroi, okii.

Deep, wide, large, an expanse of water.

89
* Sosogu,

Amefuri, sakan.
To rain copiously, abund-

p

ant.
tt

Kasanaru, musaboru, oka-

~?

5*

su, kutsu.

l

To

pile up, covet, transgress, shoes.

tsugu.

water, give heed
pour, flow into.

~y

Steam.

a Tsuchi no

koela,

to

Fertile,
ant.

Doro, nazumu.
Mud, to adhere to (an
opinion).

To

weep.

& Yasuraka,

sosogu,

1

Calm,

oinaru.

peaceful,

*

Toi, hiroi.

4 Far, wide.

A river.

Hana-shiru.

7

Waku.

Mucous from the

*

To

4

Abura.

Sakanoboru, mukau.
To ascend, confront.
i,

Nagareru, namidaga deru.

P * To govern, tranquilize.

To

Sou, shitagau.

* To go alongside

/

a

fol-

of,

low, successive.
_ Izumi.

^

A

>N

Tomaru,

flow, start (as tears).

Todomeru, yaburu.
check, defeat.

To

A bubble.

spring.

todomaru,

v Uruou,

tada-

you.
To lodge, stop, drift.

r

nureru.

To

be moist, wet.

To

buy,

v
3

_.-.*, nottoru.

A law,

Kiyoi, hiyayaka, suzushii.

4 Pure, cool.

IP * A marsh.

y

nose.

boil up.

v97

at

large,

great.

pour, luxuri-

Kawa.
1

to,

* Naku.

* Mizuke.

M

To

sell,

trade.

rule, doctrine, to

follow the example

of.
ji,

Namida.

4 Tears.

A bubble,

foam.

5 Nozoku, morasu, yuruydka.
Nami.
A wave.

^ To
i

discharge,
slow, lax.

a
^

exude,

90
I,

v

To

Nagareru.

Oyogll.

float,

To

swim.

flow, a

kind,

sort,

style, school.

$

Afttreru, hoshiimama.
To overflow, wilful.

^

* Mashite, iwanya.
y Still more, how much
more, condition, state.
?>

't

To

boil
crete.

up,

-fe

float.

5/

To

go to ruin, dark.

To

swim.

$

iru, kurai.

^|

*.

Shikiri ni, tabitabi.
often.

Arau, susugu.
wash, rinse.

To

,

extensive,

sprinkle, wash.

5

wash.

6 Hikaru,

To

To

A

bubble, or boil, up.
hiroi, fukai,
shine, wide, deep.

no

koto.

, oinaru.
flood, vast.

Amaneku.

leak.

Universally,

Watashi, watashiba,
ferry, harbor,

A

ford.

canal.

Belonging to Kyoto, the
old Japanese capital.

A

5/

filthy.

samu.

A ditch, drain,

kuni.
^lilj/ Nagisa, shima,
1/11*
strand, islet, country.

^

kegarcru.

be

* Clear, cold.

Hora,fukai, tsuranuku.
cave, deep, to pene-

To

hitoshii.

alike, equal.

puddle,

trate.

<

active,

alive,

Tamari-mizu,
* A
to

foreign.

To

To be
movable.

v Frequently,

Ukabu.

To

To

a

sect,

Ikiru.

^ Makoto,

*"

-f

stream,

party.

^ Truth,

Shiromizn.

y Oumi, hiroi,
v The ocean,

eda.

be divided,

exude, se-

Water in which rice has
been washed.

4

part,

branch,

y

Waki-ideru.

,

To

all.

tsu.

Hana-shiru.

inlet,
[*

Nasal discharge.

91
Kuroku someru.

Ura.

The

To dye

sea- coast, a bay.

Nami, midari.
wave, vagrant, unattached, wasteful, disorderly.

A

Torn, izumi.

To pass through, ajspring.

Ukabu, uki.

To

black.

Namida, naku.
Tears, to weep.

Waku.

float, light, fickle,

a

To

buoy.

boil,

bubble, or gush,

forth.

Abiru.

To

bathe,

wash the body.

To

cross

spend
i

s/

v

The

over, ford,
(as time), acquaint-

ed with.
sea.

Migiwa, kishi, kagiri.
margin, bank, bound-

A

Hitasu, uruosu.
To soak, sink, wet.

ary.

i^ Kieru, kesu.

v

To

disappear,

to extin-

*

Juice, liquid.

4

Madara.

a,

Namida.

4

Tears.

guish, erase.

v To

^
y

y Obscene, lewd, licentious.
dredge, clean out.

Okoru, sakan.

To

rise, flourishing.

# Awai, usui.
^ Of delicate

Arau, sosogu.
To wash, rinse.
Oinaru, hiroi, sakan.
Vast, wide, vigorous.

*

Saliva.

^
*

A rivulet.

flavour, taste-

less, flat, thin.

Kiyoi, isagiyoi.
clear.

v Pure,

Majiru.
To mix, mingle.

Chiisai nagsre.

Pure, clear, China.

t Amaneku.
? Everywhere.
Nozomu.
To regard
ruler).

Asai.

Shallow.
Soeru, masu.
(as

does

a

To add, supplement, annex, enclose, accompany.

1

uruosu.
Miri* Hitasu,

93
4

,

y

v

Uzumaki, uzumaku.
whirlpool, eddy,
whirl around.

Ukabu, oyogu, asobu.

v To

float,

A

swim, p'ay.

Minato, atsumiru.
to assemble.

A harbor,
Mizu-umi.

A lake.

/,

shitataru.

4

A drop,

=t

Subete, oinaru.

v

to drip.

All, quite, large.

Haruka,
9 no nai.

hiroi,

^s

* Hot water, a bath.

to

kiwamari

Far, wide, boundless.

^

Hayase.

ni oboreru,
utsuru.

A rapids.

^ Sarau.
?

To

clean out, to dredge.

Kasu, ori.
Dregs, sediment.

^

[

W

nagare-

To be drunken, to change.
To

wash, rinse.

Waku.

To

boil, bubble,

or gush,

forth.

Nami-utsu.
4 Beating of the waves.
>N

Tokoro no na.
of a place.

The name
9 Tokeru,

t To

chiru, sakan.
melt, scatter, flourlsh-

Ochiru, shizumu, fusagaru.
fall down, sink, be
closed up.

To

Kawaru, kaeru.

To

Talaeru, shizumu.
fill to the brim, sink,
be quiet.

To

change.
nanzo.

A ditch,

Minamoto, moto.

canal, dock, he,

The

why.

Umi

no na.

A China sea.
Uryoru, semai, alsumaru.

mv To

^
grieve, narrow, to
* semble.

tfaj

ij

Kawaku.

V

To

be dry,

to

compare, imitate.

To

collect,

alike,

accumulate,

be stagnant.
Afureru.
To overflow.

^
thirst.

make

Rules,
level, to

Tamaru.

as-

wE3 7 Atsui, uruosu.
ICE 9 Benevolent, to wet.
,JB

source.

Nori, hitoshiku suru, nazorau.

\4

Tani, tanigawa.

A valley, rivulet.

94
a Nigoru, midaru.
v To be muddy, confused.

Oboreru, ibari.

To

drown,

sink,

doat on,

urine.
>\

* Kasu,

Steam.

Com.

v
union, shigeru, aji-

yoi.

increase,

be

moist,

rich, dense, tasty.

Nameraka, suberu
y Slippery, smooth, to
s/

y

Waku.

;v

To

\

slide.

6

To

soak, pickle.

Todokoru, tomaru.
be obstructed, stop,

To

stay.

kome wo

togu, ibari

sum.

To

bubble up.

v Hitasu, tsukeru.

,

Atsumaru, sakan, oi.
To assemble, flourishing,

Sosogu,

Minagiru, omizu.
overflow, a flood.

To

[h

many.
5/

ori.

f.

tx

To

vast.

Dregs, sediment.

Mizuke.

i,

Sakan, oinaru.

V Boisterous,

Horobiru, kieru.
To be destroyed, extinguished.

rinse,

wash

rice,

Shitataru, shizuku.
To drip, a drop.

uri-

nate.
/

Michiru, ogoru.

Union, shimeru.
moist, wet.

To be full, satisfied, com-

7 To be

t Kurai, umi.
1 Dark, the sea.
Sakanoboru.
To ascend a stream, trace
back, retrace.

plete, proud.
4?

3

drain.

To

fish.

^ Kogu, hakobu.
v To row, scull, transport.
oi

A ditch,

Sunadoru*

Noberu.

v To speak,

lecture,

ex-

plain.

Nagareru, tokeru.

To

flow, dissolve.

The

sea.

Arau, sosogu.
To wash, rir.se.

Niwaka.
Sudden.

Moru.
*

To

leak.

Ydyaku, susumu.
length, by degrees, to

At

progress,
Hiroi, midari, habikoru.
Wide, arbitrary, without leave, to spread.

95
Onoko.

-K0SM,

v

an ancient Chinese kingdom.

To

*

Hiroi.

Lacquer.

ft

A man,

11

filter.

Urusld.

* Wide, obscure.
Tadayou.

To

Shio-tsuchi.

drift.

Salt-earth.

Minagiru.
swell up, overflow.

To
/:

*

Tairaka, hiroi, kurai.
Level, wide, dark.

Isagiyoi, ktyoraka.

Pure, clean.

y Moru,

^ To

nijimu.
leak,
spread,

run,

Fukai, fuchi.

soak.

\

Deep, an abyss, a pool.
Hisomu, kuguru.

u Sazanami.
v Wavelets.
~r
1

To

hide, dive.

Cow. /.

}

Kubomi.

A hollow.

The water

of the ocean,

tide.

y Susugu.

v

To

rinse.

Equivalent

V Tadayou.

v

To

s/

drift.

~?

S//z'6w,

The

to

g|

shibui.

juice of unripe per

simmons, astringent.
*

Mizugiwa.

The bank

of a stream.

a Mizu-waki-izuru.
v The pouring out of water.

.

v

Haneru, waku.
To leap, bubble up.

..fe

Hisomu, kuguru.

'^

To hide,

dive.

Coin,

jfj*

Shitataru.
J

To

drip.

Sazanami.
Wavelets.
Lj
.

1

A lake, wide.
Sumu.

To

be clear.

Nomimono.

A beverage.

Tsubureru, tsuieru,

kuzu-

reru.

To
To

pour, irrigate.

break,

be 'defeated,

crumble.

JK

Jr

96
2 Uruou, tsuya.
v To be moist, rich,

,7

lustre.

r

Mizugiwa, fukai,

oki.

A beach, deep, an offing.

p

5 Tamarimizu.
v
puddle.

^ Usui, karui.
*
Thin, light.

A

Nagareru

oto,

The sound

sara-sara.

of

v

flowing

To

water.
Tsukiru.

To
>

be spent, dried up.

Namida-nagareru.
flowing of tears.

* The
^

gush

forth, a shore.

i

Ori, doro.

,

Sediment, mud.

r# Shizuku, aivai.
>s/

A

drop, quiet, tasteless,
unaffected.

Usut, sosogu,

v Thin, perfidious, to pour.

^ Nami no oto.
* The sound of waves.

To
I

j/

\v
v:

abyss, shore.

Uruou, shimcru.
be moist, wet.

To

Ha ma, hctori,

'

An

sosogu.

wash, rinse.

mizugiwa.

,^

The

^

(Vataru, sumaseru, sukuu,

sea- coast, a beach.

Equiv. $(

A dry beach.

sumu.

To

4

y.

#

A valley.

cross
over,
save, finish.

Sawa, uruou, tsuya.
marsh, to be moist,

A moat.

A

settle,

rich, gloss.

&
>a

Koi, komayaka.

Thick,
minute.

deep,

-

strong,
y.

*

V

*

Nureru, nurasu.
be wet, to soak.

To

Hageshii, tsukiataru.
be excited, fierce,
to surge up, rash against.

To

# Nigoru.
9 To be muddy.

A channel, water-way.

Arau, susugu.
To wash, sprinkle, rinse.

fukai.
^ Sarau,
V To dredge, deep.

Mud.
Dark, obscure.

97
y Onami.
v Great waves, billows.

Hiroi, haruka, minagiru.
Wide, far, to overflow.

^ Unlawful,

5 Midari, lidbikoru.

Onami, shitalaru.
Great waves, to drip.

*

Afureru, hitasu, nagisa.
To overflow, soak,
strand.

wanton, to
overflow, spread over.

Tdki.
'9
waterfall.

A

a

Sosogu.
$>

Sosogu, kata, haku.

**

To

To

flow into, a beach, to
vomit.

pour

out, irrigate.

Sosogu.
To sprinkle,

pour

into,

wash.
y

3

Kosu.

To

Nada.

filter.

'

h

Me.

A bay.

Nigosu, kegasu.

To muddy, defile.

4 Stroke radical.
Hi-hen.

Kiyoi, sumu, hayai.
v Pure, clear, swift.
j

\

a normally rough

sea,

part of the sea.

t Sosogu.
v To pour.
9

A

M Rekkwa.
96 Characters.

a Tdki.

[v

A

Hi.

waterfall.

Fire.
ti

Migiwa,

v The

hotori, chikai.

brink, shore, near.

[,&.
,*

ix

A shoal, shallows, rapids.
drip,

dredge,

out.
1-

a

Mizutamari.

A puddle.
i,

hageshii.

Pure, violent
Hiroi.

Vasr, wide.

# Tomoshibi.
4
light.

A

^ Wazawai.

Shitataru, sarau.

* To

? Ashes.

clean

4 Misfortune, calamity.

* Akiraka, yaku, sakan.
? Bright, to burn, cauterize,
glorious.

%

Yaito, yaku.

&

The moxa,

to cauterize

with moxa.

x Hono-o, atsui.
v A flame, hot,
mation

(in

inflam-

compounds).

JEL

5
Jr

5?

98
:*

p

Kashigu.

* To cook

rice, to

cook.

Yoi, utsukushii, hokoru.
beautiful, to

>U* Good,

be

proud.
s/

*

Aburu, yaku.

To

broil, roast.

Kagaribi, aburu.

A torch, to

toast,

warm.

* Sumi.

* Charcoal, carbon.
* To

&

^

*

Shirushi, tomosu.
dot, point, to

*

light.

*

A

mark,
Com. f. &

boil,

cook.

Noroshi.

A

beacon, signal-fire, a

rocket.

* TaimatsUf
H
torch.

A

->.

kagaribi.

* Kagayaku, akiraka.
1

Akiraka.

Bright

To

shine, clear.

.x Izukunzo, kore, koko ni.

Tsutsumiyaki, aburu.
Meat wrapped in a

v How, why, where, here.

bam-

boo sheath and roasted,

^

Nat.

? Not.

to toast.

Hono-o.
flame.

Akiraka, hikaru.
Bright, clear.

t

Kagayaku, akiraka.

^ Moeru, shikari.
"
burn, be so, yes, but,

To

'

A

To

shine, bright.

however.
Tosliin.

A wick.

y

Uryoru.

To

be sorry.

Hageshii.
Violent, hot, ardent.

3.

Karasu, kuroi.
A crow, black, an interrogatory particle.

v To burn,

Kemuri.

To

Smoke.

To

burn,

Terasu, kagayaku.
illuminate, shine.

^ To

make

kindle.

toast, roast,

warm.

Kogareru, kogasu.
char, scorch, to long

To
red-hot.

Moromoro, musu.
All, to steam.

for.

i

*

To

roast, parch.

99
y Niru.
3

To

Atatakat,

atatameru,

Warm,

warm,

me-

boil.

x Kemuri.
^ Smoke.

clear.

To

Wazurawasu, wazurau.

To vex,

trouble, be

ill.

4 Kagayaku, hono-o, sakan.
* To shine, flames, flourishing.

bless.

Hikari, kagayaku.
Light, to shine.

'

t Terasu, akirdka.
v To shine,
illuminate,
compare,

to

burn, boil.

y
4

v

Kuma.

A bear.

p Uzumibi, atataka.
* Fire buried in the ashes,

warm.

.-V

Aburu, torakasu.

'V

To

expose to heat, melt.

To

temper, forge.

i,

a Kagaribi.
v A torch, beacon, rocket.

kitaeru.

"

To

flap,

bang, fan,

stir

up, incite to sedition.

g Kagayaku.

v To

shine forth.

jr Atataka, atatameru.
[^ Warm, to warm.

Kieru, kesu.
To die out, to extinguish.

.

9 Fusuberu, fusuboru.
To smoke, fumigate, be
smoked.

>5/

ea

Hikari, kagayaku, yawaragu.
Light, to glitter, shine,

harmonize.
Atataka.

>r

*

Tomoshibi.

A small light.
To

, tsuratsura.
ripen, mature, care-

Warm.

fully,

Akirdka.

Atsui.

Bright.

Hot, heat, fever.

Alone, solitary.

Azayaka, hikaru.
Bright, distinct, to shine.

Soot.
Hikari, kagayaku.
Light, to shine.

thoroughly.

Hinoshi, noshi.

A flat-iron, a gift-label.
Iru.

To

roast, parch.

JR

I

100
Moeru, moyasu.
burn.

:*

^ To
i-

y To

:

Uchibi, noroshi.

Fire produced by a
and steel, a beacon.

flint

Tomoshibi.

A light, lamp, lantern.

* Moeru,

;

#

hono-o.

burn, a flame.

< Atataka,

5 Warm,

;^ Yawaragu, niru.
,& To reconcile, boil.
-9-

To

v

burn.

J

Yorokobu, aburu.
rejoice, to toast.

6

To

Kagaribi.
torch.

Kawaku, kawakasu.

To

dry.

Terasu, tomoshibi.
illuminate, a
candle.

To

light,

it /ft, noroshi.
,& Fire, a rocket.

A

4r

To

atsui.

hot.

Fusuberu, fusuboru.

v To smoke, be smoked.

burn.

Equiv.
a-

? To

shine, flourishing

% Koge-kusai, kogasu.

J

H

Kagayaku, sdkan.

Burnt-tasting, to scorch.

^ Kogasu, kagaribi.
* To scorch, a torch.

To

.

A

y;

#
Moeru, sdkan.
To burn, flourishing.

shine.

Y& Moekuzu, moe-nokori.
charred piece of wood,
l^
firean
extinguished
brand.

Yaku, kawaku, sdkeru.
be dry, explode.

To burn,

& Hikari,tordkasu,kagaydku.
:J Light, to melt, to shine.
;

',

kitsunebi.

Phosphorus,

will-o'-the-

wisp.

'

1

v

A swallow.

A Tamuro,
4

A

Irori.

A hearth, fireplace.

L

5 Tadareru, dkirdka.

I^To

be inflamed,

clear,

bright.

itonamu.

camp, to make, perform, build, to carry on

k f.

Kashigu.

v To

boil rice.

(business), business.

^ Akiraka, azaydka.

y Bright, lustrous.

4 Stroke radical.
Tsume-gashira.
7 Characters.

^

101
iff

-9-

)\\*

Tsume, tsume-kiru.

,

Nails, hoofs, claws, talons, to cut the nails.
Arasou, kisou, isameru.

To

contend, compete,
wrangle, dispute about,
reprove.
Kaku, toru.
To scratch, rake up, take.

Koko

nt.

Here,

therefore,

[upon.
there-

Tame, nasu,-saseru,-rareru.
For the sake of, for, by,
to, to cause to do, a passive ending.
Utsu, tsukamu.

To

A spear, to divide.

J

A floor,

^

A

j>

Rank,
bility,

order of noa wine-cup.
title,

4 Stroke radical.
2 Characteis.
Chichi.

A father.
Chichi, jii, toshiyori.
father, an old man.

A

Majiwaru, narau.
To intermix, follow,

model

/I

53? Kata-hen.

pH

kire.

side,

a fragment.

,s/ta,/K</a.

"A

printing block, records, register, aschedule.

>N

i

Fuda,

A

shirushi.

tate,

ticket, notice,
medal, sign.

shield,

t Tatematsuri-bumi,

kaki-

A

respectful letter, a
writing, a sheet of paper.
^ Fuda, utsushi-bumi.
*
tablet,
record, de-

A

spatch, a copy.

^ Mado,

michibiku.

A window, to lead, guide.

^ Mado,

tori-ana.

v

A window, an opening in

b

a wall.
Fuda, tegami, kakitsuke.

v

A

writing-tablet, letter,

bill.

after.

Nanji, shikari, kaku, nomi.
You, just so, thus, only.

4 Stroke radical.

4 Stroke radical.

Mr*

A

Kiba-hen.
2 Characters.

,

toDth,

kamu.
tusk,

flag,

bite.

l-f "fcl?

Tl ttj
ttlj

8 Characters.

LI* ->. Katakata,

jl v One

Akiraka, sawayaka.
[ful.
Clear, pure, fluent, cheerSJ>

.

4 Stroke radical.

hr'

j
4 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.

Ttf^, jwfcx, nedoko, dat.
bed, stand.
A'^/, kakine.
wall, fence.

_ .

strike, seize.

Kurai, sakazuki.

wakatsu.

v

Hidari-kata.

Sasaeru.

3 Characters.

To

'

support, prop up.

to

102
4 Stroke radical.

fl

Ushi-hen.

Mr* 22

n

To

Characters.

oppose, differ.

Madara, karasuki, narabu.
spot, plough, to be arranged in order.

A

hikoboshi.

/,

A

cow,

name

bull,

ox,

the

T u v The female

A

Ubau, oinaru, itsukushimu.

;kL

T!*

seize, large, to love.

O, osu.

[animals.
of birds and

The male

plow, to cultivate, a
spotted cow.

of birds and

animals.

To

Karasukiytagaesu, madara-

of a star.

H

ft

barn, cage,
hard, strong.
/fcfls* Michiru,

T7j *

^ Madara-ushi, akiraka, su*
guretaru.

A

To

be

full,

v

To

[pliant.

h

Koushi.

stopped up,

*

clear,

entertain hospitably.

A calf.
Ikenie.

kau, yashinau,
tsukasadoru.
pasture, to rear, breed,

An

animal

govern.
Mono.

A thing,

cow,

* Negirau.

Makiba,

A

spotted

superior.

prison,

fusagaru, shina-

yaka.

a disturbance,

an uproar, to clamor.

Ori, hitoya, katai.

A

Hishimekii.

* To make

sacrifice.

Stroke radica
Kemono-hen.

1

.

$2 Characters.

matter, article.

Ikenie.

An animal

sacrifice.

A dog.

Fureru, au, aramashi.
To touch, meet, for the

most

To

part.

a

kitsuke.

Form, appearance,

bull.

cumstances, a

Hiku, tsuranaru.
To pull, conduct, be re-

row.

The

rhinoceros, hard.

Akaushi.

A red cow

cir-

letter.

Kuruu, kichigai.
To be mad, disordered,
a lunatic.

lated to, be arranged in a
Katai.

offend, transgress.

Katachi, sama, sugata, ka-

Koto ni, tada, hitori, o-ushi.
Especially, alone, only,

5

m

Nareru, narau.

To

be accustomed

study.
Ebisu.
barbarian.

A

to, to

103
Kitsune.

if

A fox.

4

Inu, koinu.

A dog,

j

Hihi>

ihi, shojo.

Nerau, ukagau.
at, watch,

i

P)

it

Nareru,

chikazuku,

Niwaka, awatadashii,

be accustomed

Suddenly, flurried,
push against, outwit.

ana-

draw

to,

near, despise.

Neko.

Karu.

*

To

it

Warugashikoi,zurui,koinu.
sly, a pup.

A cat.

hunt.

Nao, gotoshi.

* Cunning,
*

to

Midarigamashii, midareru.
Disorderly, confused, improper.

to

j/

jj

tsu-

ku.

doru.

To

Netamu, utagau.
To envy, doubt.

spy

out.

v

Monoguruoshii, kuruu.
to be crazy.

Uruwashti, yoru.
Beautiful, to^rely on.

r

A baboon, orang-outang.
To aim

A kind of lion.

v Insane,

pup.

A baboon, orang-outang.
4

Shishi no zoku.

Still

Mujina.

more, again/like.

Tatematsuru, sasageru.
offer or present to a
superior.

A badger.

To

Narrow, small.

The

5 Okami, midareru, urotaeru.
wolf, disordered, flur-

v

>+ Inoko, inoshishi.

ried.
><;

<

3

A wild boar, hog.

Okami, midareru, urotaeru.

A wolf,

disordered, flur-

ried.

ai

\*

Tanuki.

A badger.
i

* Ki no semai koto.
^ Narrow, bigoted.

T

orang-outang.

A

Takei, tsuyoi, ikaru.
Fierce, strong, bold, violent, to be angry.

Tenagazaru.

A long-armed. monkey.
Harinezumt.
hedgehog.

A

/,

mashira.

A monkey.
-4

,v

Hakaru, hakarigoto.
plan, a plan, scheme.

To

104
Ozaru.

Sam, mashira.
A monkey.

A large monkey, mothermonkey.

Hitoya, uttae.
prison,
complaint,
criminal case.

A

Stroke radical.
3 Characters.
5

\$\1

A lion.
Kuroi, okufukai.
Black, dark, profound.

9

Warugashikoi, midareru.
y Cunning, to be disordered.

"

* Susumeru, tasukeru, home-

*
*

To

urge forward, help,
sj;

praise.
*

v

This, here.
Suberu, hikiiru, kazoeru,
shitagau.
To control, lead, count,
follow, generally, rules,
rate.

Kuruu, isamu.
be mad, intrepid.

To

5 Stroke radical.
3 Tama-hen.
53 Characters.

Hitori.

Alone, single.
9

Warugashikoi, midareru.

\

Cunning, disordered.

9 Eru, emono, ubau.
:

?

To

get,

game, to

seize.

A precious stone, a gem.
v

Kimi, kashira.

A king,

sovereign,

mon-

arch.

Kawaoso.

An
,v

y,

otter.

Hunting, to hunt.

Kemono.

v

An

*

Araiinu, waruzuyoi.
wild dog, rough.

animal.

Tama

no saikunin.

as* A worker in jewels.
A semi-precious, black

-Uu stone.
jfe

A

semi-precious stone.

Moteasobu.

5,

A

y Tatematsuru, sasageru.
* To offer, or present, to a
superior.

To

play with, a toy.

Mezurashii, tattoi, takara.
Strange, rare, curious,
precious, treasure.

A semi-precious stone.

5f

?

Kawaoso.

* An

otter.

Kohdku.

Amber.

105

Tama

no kizu.

A flaw.

A musical instrument.

Mizutama.

y The Japanese harp or

Glass, crystal.

(Ha-ri

lyre.

Tama no oto.
The sound of

Gakki no

a jewel.
(Sango 3$fi$, coral).

isshu.

A kind of musical instrument.

(Biwa

Kizu, tama no kizu, aya-

^ Tama

A flaw, mistake.

Amber.

Kingyoku no narihibiku koe.
The sound of a jewel.
irrb.*

J4

V

Ogame no

*,

*

a Migaku,

(Tai-mai

Jft*?f|

or

To

-x

Shirusht, yorokobt.
favourable sign, happy,
lucky, good, joy.

*

Sj|

Tama.

(Kohaku
erabu.

*

isshu.

A kind of turtle, tortoise
shell.

no na.

polish, choose.

A

A tortoise.

A pearl.

5 Kubi-kazari.
*
necklace.

A

^
6

Tsuide, tsuranaru,

A tortoise.

kurai,

madara. wej^tjbd*.
In order, rank, a spot.

(Sango

A precious stone.

toTWtf.
f

7

O

jf.

*

A

jewel

for

personal

adornment.

Agate.

Arawareru, utSutsu.
Now, to be made known,
the reality, absence of
mind.

A flaw, fault, mistake.

toga,

,

ayamachi.

no tagui, komayaka,
kibishii.

A

Tama, man.

A precious stone, a globe,

large

koto,

devoted,

strict.

ball.

Mezurashii, omoi.

Kime, kotowari, osdmeru.

The

Strange, precious, heavy.

veins in wood, rea-

Utsukushii tama.

son, right, meaning, principle, to govern.

$

A beautiful jewel.'

A semi-precious stone.
?,

kuzu.

The sound of a jewel,
a fragment, small, tri(Ru-ri

fling.

*

6

*

B

&
5

10

106

\

Migaita tama, migaku.
polished
jewel,

A

to

A melon.

polish.

Karasu-uri.
coarse melon.

A

Akiraka, azayaka.
Clear, bright.

Fukube, hisago, yugao.
gourd.

A

Marui tama.
A round jewel.
Gohan no utsuwa.

A utensil for eating.
Tama no na.
The name of

Hisago, fukube-hyotan.
gourd.

A

Handbira, urizane.
Petals, a valve, seeds of
a jewel.

a melon.

(Me-no J|fS)

Tama.

5

Glass, a precious stone.

Tama,

Stroke radical.

10 Characters.

kizu.

A kind of jewel, a flaw.

Kawara.

A

tile.

An unpolished jewel.
Kame,

A precious stone.
^

Tamaki,

iva,

bin, tsurube.

A jar, vase, bottle, a well-

Tama.

bucket.

meguru, ma-

A

bracelet, ring, to go
round, to wrap around.

Arawasu, akiraka ni suru.

To

reveal,

make

clear.

Ishidatami, shikiishi.

A stone pavement.
Shirushi, oshide.

A sign, the Imperial seal.
,

A

tawa no

A small jar.

red jewel, the sparkle
of a jewel.

Tama

Kame.

hikart.

Kawara, shikigawara.

A tile, paving-tile.

no na.

A precious stone.

Iraka, munegawara.
Tiles, roof-ridge tiles.

Kazari.

An ornament.

Koshiki, seiro.
vessel for

A

steaming

food.
5 stroke radical.
5

Characters.

Kame,

tsurube.

A jar, well-bucket.

107
# Oinaru

V

bon,

ogame.
a large

A large tray,
5

jar.

*

A

field,

^

^

gotoshi, yoru, mochiiru.

Stroke radical.

Subject to, on account

4 Characters.
umai.

-14*

P

v Sweet,
g>

[the senses.

i,

Kinoe, yoroi, kabuto, kara.

~?

The

tasty, pleasing to

^

Atnai, umai.

senses.

* To

J
5

i&'rw,

street,
town, ward,
a measure of length and

.

,

TO

Umu, umareru,

nariwai,
[hood.
sugiwai.
Birth, production, liveli-

Yomigaeri.
Resurrection,

Machi.

A

surface.

bear, live, livelihood,
raw, to grow.

draw, a picture.

Wazawai.
Calamity.

A

[life.

border, frontier, boundary.

return to

B3

nephew.
5
2

mon-

sign).

^ Osameru, nukinderu.
v x o govern, excel.

To

P|J

say, state, the

A

Stroke radical.
4 Characters.

A

To

previously.

5

^

helmet.

Mosu, saru, noberu.

* Otoko, ondko.
*
man, a baron.

ffi

katsute.

Com. f. H?

>

calendar sign,

"A," armor, a

key (9th zodiacal

to the

Equiv.

lick,

I,

shell,
s>

Nameru,

first

No.

Hanahada.

* Sweet, pleasant

of,

to use, follow.

v Very.

*

rice-field, land.

Osoreru, kashikomu.

To fear, regard with awe,
squat down

Stroke radical.

Mizo, une.

Characters.

A

gutter, ridge

between

fields.

a Mochiiru, tsukau.
* To use, business,

hatake.

use.

Dry

Hajime, oinaru.
The beginning, large.
5

x,

V

Stroke radical.

Ta-hen.

v

H \* 34 Characters.

9

r|
ffl

fields.

^[2^, J&MW, hotori,

A

Equiv.

^

somuku.

path between fields,
boundary, to oppose.
Tomeru, todomaru.
stop, to remain.

To

108
Kau, yashinau, takuwaeru.

f-

^

To

keep, rear, store up,
domestic animals.
Hatake, liata.
field.
Equiv. Jffl

A

&

?

*

Se.

A measure of surface,

30

A

tion.
if-

-v
,

.

The

Hakarigoto, hobo, hdbuku,
ubau.
plan, for the most part,
nearly, to contract, to
take by force.
Matsuri no niwa, mokeru.
place of worship, to

jw

'*"

^
'

\

?

tatami.
up, repeat, increase, fold up, a mat.

To

pile

5

A

gain.

Stroke radical.

Sho-nyu.
4 Characters,

A

s/

a

Ashi, hiki.
foot,

A

an

Une, aze, shikiri.

A

auxiliary

numeral.
Orosoka, torn,
3
Negligent,
j/

ridge between fields,
a partition.
Tsugi, tsugai.
[number.
v Next, a pair, turn, watch,

:*

.

Owari, kotogotoku.
end, all.

y

Une, sakai, tagui.
path, boundary, sitt.

A

? Kasanaru,

l*

v

Im-

[* Sakai, kagirt, shikiri.
LYT
limit, boundary, parti-

A

earth.

&

A

\

[tsubo.

Mokko, kago,fugo.
^
basket for carrying

ti

Kagiri, shikimi.
limit, threshold,
perial domain.

,

utoi.

to
pass
through, distant, cold.

3

Equivalent

to j$t

Utagau, osoreru, madou.
To doubt, suspect, fear,
be bewildered.

Egaku,kagiru,wakatsu,e.
To draw, limit, divide, a
picture.

Kotonaru, ayashii.
To differ, strange, rare,
foreign.
e.
r
J Egaku, kagiru, wakatsu,
\y To draw, limit, divide, a
picture.
># Ataru, masa ni.
v To strike against, fit ex-

?

actly,

happen,

just, this.

;t Nawale.
road thru rice-fields.
[*

A

Ayashii, ivari-nokori no

ple.

crip-

_

P"

Stroke radical.

Yamai-dare.
72 Characters.

* Yamai.
9

-fe

v

A disease.

Koshi no itami, hara no
itami.

Pain in the loins or abdomen.
a Shirt no yamai.
v Disease of the

ta,

katawa.
Strange, an irregular remainder of a field divid-

ed into squares, a

5
.

lower

trunk.
3.

Yamai, yamashii.

v

A disease,

if

Hizengasa, kosegasa.

1

An itch.

unhealthy.

ioy
it.

*

Hayari yamai.

An

i Ibo,

*

Kayui.

epidemic.

Itching.

kobu.

Ato, kizuato.

A wart, wen.

Remains, a

scar.

.KifeM.

A wound.
"

~.

^

Tsukare.
Fatigue, exhaustion.

To

Yamai, yamu.

1 Disease, sickness, to

7<?r, naoru.
heal, recover.

be

h fiosu, mogasa.
# Small-pox.

ill.

b
>N

^

Mogasa.

* Small-pox, water-blisters.
s/

Kudariyamai.
open
purge,
bowels, diarrhea.

To

Yamai, wazurai.

y Disease,

illnes?.

Kasabuta.

A

Suji ga hikiisuru.
4 Cramps.

^

y Hashika, kasa.
eruptions.

Tsukae, itamu.

Kodomo no yamai.
* Children's diseases.

jj

v

Itamu, itami.
To pain, pain.

it

Kibamu yamai.

i

the

Hokuro, aza.
mole, freckle.

'

^ Measles,

Itamu, hanahadashii.
To hurt, severe.

Pain in the stomach, to
be in pain.
Shibireru yamai.
Palsy, to be numb.

* Jaundice.

^ Yamu, tsukareru.
* To be sick, tired, fatigued.

J Symptoms, nature of a

v Phlegm, mucous.

disease.
*/

Ashii kasa.

*

A sore, cancer.

Oroka.
Foolish.

a Nagayamat.

A

^'s, kizutsuku.
A wound, to wound.

persistent disease,

chronic complaint.

r l

a

no.
Hikitsuru.

*

To

yamai, kubi
no mawari no dekimono.
the
of
hardening
sinews, a disease of the
neck glands, scrofula.

be cramped.

Yoi

tri

A

naoranu yamai.

A chronic disease.

no

Isshu

Naeru, shibireru.

To

Ashii

v Gonorrhea.

shirachi-

Eruptions, leuchorrhea,
flow of blood.

Shibayubari.

ij

kasa,

nagachi.

weaken, be numb.

ki.

jjj

v Foul

air,

fire-damp.

'

Munasawagi.
Palpitation of the heart.

'

'

,

wo

V

yama.

A wound, female diseases.
Headache.
leru, naoru.

To

heal, get well.

lyasu, naosu.
To heal, restore.

A wen, swelling.
y

A cancer.

5 Itamu.
'^

To

hurt,

consumption.

Hisashiku
it
yamai,
*
fugusha.
chronic disease, a

>N

'Y
r

Atamagasa, kizutsuku.
Sores on the head, to
wound or be wounded.

4 Oshi.
*'

Dumbness, a dumb person.

A

cripple.

*

^ Epilepsy.

*

To

be emaciated, thin.

Yaseru.

To

be emaciated.

(Tenkan j^-^)

Kuse, tsukaeru.
'*
habit, morbidity, indigestion, constipation.
\~

A

To

heal, get well.

Ashii kasa.
serious eruption.

A
,f.

v

s

'

Kasa, kizu, dekimono.

An eruption, wound, boil.
Kizu, kizuato.
wound, scar.

A

:? Okori.

Namazu.

A

skin disease showing

spots.

Satokarazu, oroka.
Foolish.
Kattat.

Leprousy.

Ill
* Scrofula (Ruireki

v

Kerai, unta no kaioke.
retainer, a manger.

><;

Katachi, sugata.

^* Hara no itami.

Cholera (Kwakuran
Tamusht.
v The ring-worm.

* Form, appearance.
? Mato, akiraka.

*

3 Haretnono, ashii kasa.
*
swelling, severe erup-

A

clear.

Mtna, tomo

Yaseru.

All, together.

f

Yamu,

To

ni.

be emaciated.
y Kimi, sumeragi, akiraka.
An emperor, sovereign,

Monogurut.

v Insanity.
5/

A target, like, similar to,

tions.

To
51

A

be

<tT

yaseru.
sick,

Com.

bright, exalted, Imperial.

^

emaciated.
.

5

Stroke radical.

Hatsu-gashira.
4 Characters.

Fumi-nokeru, yuku.

^..
To

return,Jrevert, end.

Afo*

Tsuki no shiroi

koto.

X* Clear, bright, white.
ij

Hikaru, shiroi, akiraka.
Bright, white, clear.

Hifu no shiroi koto.
* Whiteness of the skin.
-fe

off, go.

Mizunoto.

The

last of the ten calendar signs.

Noboru, susumu, minoru.
To ascend, rise, register,
ripen.

Okoru, hanatsu, hiraku.
To start, send out, rouse,
open, let go, discharge.
5 Stroke radical.
Haku-hen:

Whiteness (of frost or
snow).
>>(

Shiraga, shiroi.

The whiteness of old age.

^ Akiraka,

J White,

15 Characters.

White,

pure,

to

pure.

Stroke radical.
Ke-gawa.
Kawa-hen.
6 Characters.
5

Shiroi, kiyoi, rnosu.

make

shiroi.

? Clear, white.

state,

clear.

Momo.

A hundred.

.

Skin, leather, bark.

-

112

Nikibi.

A

-fe

^

pimp-e.

Shiwa,

Sakan, moru.
Flourishing,

to

fill

up,

heap up, abundant.

hibi.

Wrinkles, chaps.

*

Nusumu,

To

steal,

nusubito.
a thief.

Tsuzumi, utsu.

A drum, to beat.

y
^

Akagire,

hibi,

shiwa.

Oz<, /Mto, kedashi.

[for.
A lid, to cover, probably,

Chikau, akiraka.
take an oath,

Cracks, chaps, wrinkles

To

chilblains.

a

clear,

Kao

make

compact,

alli-

ance.

no shiwa.

Wrinkles (faceX

v
5

Stroke radical.

Sakazuki.

y

Sara.
Hl*2l Characters.
K

nn ** A
JUL*

IS|

To

jj

Mint, kangamiru, shirabe-

V

plate, saucer, dish.

kotogotoku.

^

use up, exhaust,

all.

ru, suberu.

To look at, take
examine,

A bowl.

JDL

A wine-cup, cup.

v Tsukusu,

Hachi, wan.

-=5^

Salt.

warning,
govern, over-

see, inspect.
*.

Michiru.

*

To

^

be

>A

full,

v

completed.

Tarai, tearau. [the hands.
hand-basin, to wash

vA

A tray.

W

* Sdk'azulti.
^

A wine-cup, glass.

h

v

Com. %
a:

Sara, tarai, dai.
A basin, dish, stand.

Masu, susumu, yutaka,

Abut
Ugokasu,

kakimazeru,

oi-

naru.

To

move,

stir up, large.

oi.

* More and more, money,

5

Stroke radical.

^fc*

profit, benefit, use.

64 Characters.
ii

6u,futa, nanzo.
To cover, a lid, why.
Af^, 7/rtt.

The

y Hachi, sakan.
^
bowl, at its best.

A

(9,

//,

kedashi.

To cover, a lid,

eye, to see, view,
a mesh, square,

name,
dot.
[for.

probably,

T

r*~~?

Mekura, meshii.
Blind, a blind person.

113
Sugu

ni,

tadashii,

Akirdka narazu, kurai.

naosu,

Indistinct, dark.

ataru.

At

once, direct, honest,
right, to mend ; value.

Chikazuku.

To draw

At, mini.

near,

be

inti-

mate with.

Together, mutual, to look
at, a minister, premier.
Kaerimiru, habuku.
To look back, consider,
diminish, reduce, a department of the govern-

niramu.
,J* Manajiri,

The corner of the

Mekurumeku, madou.
To be dizzy, bewildered.

ment.
Miru, nozomu.
To see, look

at,

look

eye, to

glare at.

? Nagameru, miru, nozomu.
v To view, gaze at.

after.

Uramimiru.
look with envy.

jf

* The eye,

Tate.
shield.

y

eye-ball.

* Kaerimiru, atsuku

A

To

look back
with one eye,

omou,

nengoro.
consider, regard affectionately, kind.

To

Kaerimiru.

look
look a-

at,

skance.

&

Hitomi.

v The pupil of the eye.

Sugame, kasuka.
Squint-eyed, indistinct.

Hitomi.
The pupil of the eye.

Mayu.

j

I

Me, manako.

To

The

eye-brows.
aru koto, tanoshimu.
v Glaring, to take pleasure
in.
/j

i

^
v

Kurai, oibore.
Makoto, kuwashii, tadashii.
Real, genuine, true, correct.

3

Nemuru.

^ To
-fe

Nemuru.

'*

To

sleep,

be drowsy.

Mabayui, ivazawai.

4 Dazzling, hazy, clouded,

misfortune.

sleep,

^* Hikiiru,
meru.

be drowsy.
tadasu,

imashi-

To

Kurai, kasumu.
Dark, to be hazy.

v Dark, dotage.
5/

.;*

lead, command, oversee, inquire into, correct.
r*s

Niramu.

"t

To

glare at.

Megiwa, mdbuchi.
of the eye-lids.

The edge

Hitomi.
The pupil of the eye.

Mutsumajii, shitashimu.
Friendly, amicable, to be
intimate with, harmonize.

ML
fefc

114

Me wo

'

To

1

3L

up the

Mitsumeru, miharu.

To

spy, lead.

y Niramu,

nagashime

ni

look

a-

glare
skance.

at,

fr

tf

out.

Majirogu, matatdku.

To

wink, blink.

Matatdku, majirogu.
To wink, twinkle, a short
time.

eyelids,

eye-lashes.
4

watch

Mdbuchi, matsuge.

? The edges of the

*

stare at,

Akirdka narazu.
Dim, obscure.

miru.

To

^j

Clear, distinct, plain.

eyes.

Ukagai-miru, hiku.

* To
4

Akirdka.

aogu.

lift

Nirami-au, somuku.
To glare at each other,
oppose.
Kotogotoku, oinaru
Entirely, large.

Miru, chirari to miru.
glance at.

To

!# Miru, fu shite
^ orosu.

miru, mi-

.

dkirdka,

z,

.

To

hijiri.

*4 Intelligent, clear,

a sage.
.

&

Kurai, tsutsushinde miru.

fr

Dark, to drop the eyes

k

reverentially.
,

v

To

me wo

see,

look

down

upon.

p Hitomi.
v The pupil of the eye.

r Kdkureru.
*

To

be hidden, obscured.

haru.

be angry, make angry

eyes.

jt Miru, nozomi-miru, aogimiru.
\*
To see, look up to with

v Meshii, mekura.
Blind, a blind person.

desire.

*'

>r

4

fusagu, shinu.
sleep, be giddy, close
the eyes, die.

eyelids.

To

x.
-f

><;

V

Me

An

v

Blind, a blind person.

eye disease.
dkirdka na-

deceive,

dim

eyes.

Miru, me no yamai.
To see ; disease of

;

the

,*

Mitsumeru, miharu.

To

stare at, be surprised.

Odoroki-miru, osoreru.
look with astonish-

To

ment,
,

eye?.
fe

.

raw.

To
~.

^ Meshii, mekura.

no yamai.

Damasu, me

Mabuta, mabuchi.

v Eylids, the edge of the

j Nemuru, mekurumeku, me-

fear.

dkirdka
Meshii,
kurai.

narazu,

Blind, not clear, dim.

* Awale-miru, odoroku.

% To

look at flurriedly, be
astonished.

115
Tomeru, tadasu, itsuwaru.

Sakan, sobieru.
[loft.
Flourishing, to tower a-

To

Miru, nagameru.

pretend,

To

straighten,

rectify,

lie.

see, stare at.

5

Stroke radical.

|<w

HI*

5 Stroke radical.
Ishi'hen.

62 Characters.

3 Characters.
Ishi, twa, koku.

A stone, rock, a

A spear.
Awaremu,

hokoru, tsutsu-

shimu.

To

be proud,

to

Isago suna %
Sand.
i

wo

motte ugatsu, afu~
reru.
[flow.
To drill a hole, to over-

m

-ft

Chikara wo tsukushite liataraku koto.

pity,

reverence.
Kiri

measure

of capacity.

migin.

A stone pavement,

time,

period, opportunity.

Stroke radical.

'a-hen.

9 Characters.

Ya, tsuraneru, chikau.
An arrow, dart, to arrange in order, swear.

A

particle used to conclude a sencence.

Arsenic.
Ishihajiki, ozulsu.
ballista, gun, cannon.

A

Yaburu, hiraku, want, kowasu.
To tear, break, destroy,
open, split, smash.
Toishi, aoto.

Shiru, satoru, tsukasadoru.
To know, perceive, govern.
Kinti, mato.

A lord, target.
Nori,

sashigane,

A stockade.
7* Lf- Kinuta, uchiishi.

Mashite, iwanya, haguki.
Much more, the gums.
Aicr

A whet-stone.

magari-

Aci
Arule, carpenter's square.
Mijikai, ayamachi.

Short, short-comings.
Mijikai, takehikuL
Short, low of stature.

v A block
flO^

used in fulling

cloth.
Ishibari.

A stone needle.
Migaku,

To

togu,

sum, kiwa-

polish, rob, study.

Akai suna.

fill Red sand.

1J6
rf

Suzuri.
ink-stone.

*x

v An

% Ishi no

Midori.

* Green,

oto, ehiisai.

if

* The sound of a stone

blue.

Sakashii, kewashii.

v Steep.

,

inferior.

*

Tachiishi, takai.

?

A stone tablet, lofty.

~*

Hard,

9 Stony ground.

'.i

f

it

V
fe

Katai, kowai, tsuyoi.
Hard, strong.

Kusuri no na,

ishi

Ei;

>j

Pondo.

no katai

9

Yu-no-hana,
Sulphur.

or

(Mend

5
'4

Oku no

Many

ishi, nukinderu.
stones, piled up, to

excel.

$ Kudaku, warn.
4 To break to pieces.

^

(sterling

A yard (English), agate.

The base, Japanese check-

4

pound

id.

Moto,go.

*

A

avoirdupois).

ers.

w

solid, certain, in-

deed.

Salt-peter.
fi/IL *

tashika.

'>%

'*

Ishi no katachi.

A stony

Iwa, oinaru.

A rock, great.
Jishaku, harisui-ishi.

A magnet, lodestone.

appearance.

Hikiusu.

Ikari.

M

An anchor.
Com. for $|

4

A hand mill.
Migaku.

To

polish.

Karausu, Jumi-usu.

4

A mortar worked by the
foot.

Ishibumi.

A

stone

Haritsuke, saku, sarasu.
cross, to tear, expose.

A

Kishiru.
tablet,

monu-

To

ment

grate, creak.

Migaku,

^

Oinaru.

* Great, large, eminent.

Agate.

To

togu,

sum,

hikiusu.

polish, rub, sharpen,
a mill.

Kewashii.
Steep.

117
fr Koishi.
small stone, pebble.
;*

Uwahitsugi.

A stone outer coffin.

A

t Kawara.

vA
fe

*

tile,

t
*

brick.

Kusuri no na.
Alum.
(Myoban

a Migaku, togu, suru.
*P To rub, polish, whet.

Kawara, sunawara.

\

A

or pebbly,
sandy,
shore, a river beach.

>,

\*
4

stone musical instrument.

kawara.

The
jj

v

5

sea-shore.

Mizu aru

konzuru

katachi.

The appearance of being
jumbled together.

A

Iso,

Michi-fusagaru,

Stroke radical.

Shimesu-hen.
40 Characters.

tani.

A watered valley.
Shimesu.

To show, publish, inform,

* Ore of iron or copper.
i

&

instruct.

Ishidan, saka.

A stone platform,

4 Politeness,
ceremony,
thanks,
acknowledgement.
Ab. f. il

an ac-

clivity.

t Kakure-twa.

*

A

hidden,
rock.

or

s/

Ishi no oi chi, katai chi.

Stony, hard ground.

Yashiro, kumiai.
altar, shrine,
pany, association.

^An

sunken,

frQ
/I'u

Hata to.

An interjection, That's it!

com-

Matsuri, matsuru.
religious celebration,
festival, to worship.

A

Sakan, oinaru.
Prosperous, great.

Ishizue.

A stone pedestal or foun-

iriu/i, tsugeru.

To

dation.

Sawaru, todomeru, fusegu,
samatageru.

To

stop,

impede,

limit,

::lr

/UK

pray, petition.

Kunitsukami, yasui.
god, the god-protector
of a country, peaceful.

A

an obstruction.
Happiness.

v
ix
i

i

Raw
Togu,

To

metal.
toishi, arato.

whet, a whet-stone.

Wazawai.

* Calamity.
Tasukeru, saiwai.
help, happiness.

To

118
Senzo, hajime, moto.
ancestor, beginning,
origin.

Fucht, saiwai.
Salary,
rations,

An

Hfifei''

Chichi no tamaya.
ancestor's shrine,
priest with the army.

An

Todomeru, imashimeru.

j/

Kami,

spirit.

^ Kannushi, norito, iwau.
Shinto priest, prayers,
^
p to congratulate,celebrate.

A

a Saiwai.
Happiness.
j Harai.
v Shinto prayers.

Tsutsushimu.
reverence.

To

tsukareru, hisoka ni,
kakusu.
god, to be tired, secretly, to conceal.

Kami,

T-

Saiwai, tadashii, yoi.

i

Happiness,

#
3

Fusegu, mamoru, todomeru,

kobamu.

To ward

off, protect, defend, stop, refuse.

Saiwai, yoi.

Happiness, joy.
-b

Yuzuru, shizuka.

y To

yield, resign, a Buddhist sect, calm, quiet.

9.

* Harau, ou, chirasu.
a To clear away, pursue,

good.

i" To worship.

A

Saiwai, kurai.
Happiness, honor, rank.

just,

Harai, misogi.
4 Clearing way, a rite of
purification
by use of
water.
4-

* Tatari, wazawai.
*
curse, calamity.
Matsuri, hokora, tamaya.
religious festival, a
shrine.

sokonau, kobotsu.
to

Misfortune, misery,
harm, demolish.

7 Saiwai, tasuke, yorokobi.
#
Happiness, blessing.

A

A

stop, forbid, prohibit.
i,

v

tamashii.

* The gods, God, a

*

To

a

Comf.m
I

happi-

ness.

*"

Matsuri no na.

A festival

in

commemo-

ration of the dead,

u Nori

t

gishiki.

4 Politeness,

thanks,

scatter.

ceremony,
acknowledg-

ment.
Yorokobi, saiwai, kizashi.

& Happiness, an omen.
->

<?

4

Fuda, shirushi.

A ticket, sign.

priest

A

with the army.

& Inoru.
v

Matsuri, matsuru.
religious celebration,
a festival, to worship.

Chichi no tamaya.
ancestor's shrine,

An
To

pray.

r

arau.

To

drive away, purify.

a

119
Shiina, kegareru.

Stroke radical.

5

An

3 Characters.

imperfect ear of

rice,

to be defiled.

Hisomeru, himeru, hisoka.

To

v Foot-prints of an animal.
Noberu, mushi.

To
*

v

conceal,

^ Magusa,

v Fodder,

relate, insects.

private,

secret.

Tori,

magusakau.
to feed.

Mitsugi.
tribute, duty, land-

Birds.

Tax,
tax.
_

rtli

Mr*

Stroke radical.

J Hatari.
&

~Nogi-hen.

55 Characters.

Tsuide, tsune naru.

Order, fixed, ordinary,
arranged in order.

Ine, nae.
Grain, rice.

Nae.

Hiideru, shigeru, utsukushii.
To be luxuriant, beautiful, excellent.

&

A scales.

Watakushi, yokoshima,

Shoots of young plants.
5/

Shina no molo no na, uruou.
ancient name of
China, to get wet.

" An

hi-

soka.
I, selfish,

Utsuru, utsusu.

private, secret.

To

change, to remove,

transplant.

Hageru, kaburo.
To be bald, a bald head.

Mare, orosoka.
Scarce, rare, few, remiss,
negligent, dilute (chem.).

Straw.
Ine no taba, torn.
[take.
bundle of grain, to

A

Autumn, a

&
4

Mitsugi.
tax,

A

$ Shidai

time, period.

tribute,

duties,

tariff.
ni,

yaya, yoyaku.

* Gradually, rather, at

last.

Shina, toga.
branch (of study), kind,

A

Hodo, shina, hakaru, mi-

degree, series, a fault.

Extent, kind, to calculate,
distance, limit.

Urushine, okute.

Non-glutinous

rice, late

A

little,

Momigara.
Chaff.

rice.

Sukoshi,

chinori.

wazuka naru koto.
a second of time.

Straw.

'

120

Itokenai, osanai.
Young, childish.

f Shigeshii, sakan.
9

Thick,

dense,

^
1

crowded,

ix

'*

flourishing.
y,

>

v

,*.

Minoru,

To

Wakaine, osanai.
rice, young.

Growing

Kuroi, tnorotnoro.
Black, all.

y
* Kokibi, awa.
Millet.

toshi.

ripen, a year.

^ Tsumu, kasaneru, tsumoru

Hie.

,*

<

A kind of

grain.

#

A corner,

majesty.

To heap

up, accumulate,
load, estimate, intention.
Sutaru, otoroeru.

j

J Haydku maita

\<

To be rejected, become
weak.

ine.

? Early planted rice.

Nuka.
Rice-bran.

^ Tamawaru, ukeru, niosu.
^ To receive from a supey
speak to a supe-

rior, to
rior.

,jr

v

An

Hadaka mugi.
Wheat.

d?

?

A

seed,

ear of grain, point of

an awl, clever,

various

kinds,

intelligent.

Uyauyashii, yawaragu, tsutsushimu.
Respectful, to be harmonious, to show respect.

sorts.

^ Tonaeru, hakaru, homcru.
calculate,
recite,
? To

name,

praise.

# An
;^
\

y

y Inc.
9 Rice in the paddy.

To work, labor, plant.
\

3 Tanatsumono, yoi.
9 Grain, cereals, good.

Kangaeru,

(of a let-

hakaru,

kura-

beru.

To

Karu.

\

\^.

v

To

reap.

Kusagiru, kusanozoku.
To cut, or pluck out,
grass.
Oi, sakan, yuiaka.

consider, study, cal-

culate,

^ Odayaka, yasuraka.
v Quiet, calm.

:%

ter).

4

Kariosameru.
To harvest grain.
Kegareru, kegarawashii.
To be defiled, unclean.

Kasegu, ueru.

ii Wara, shitagaki.
* Straw, a draft

ear of grain.

compare.

Abundant,
fertile.

prosperous,

121
5 Stroke radical.
Ana-kammuri.

'#
"9

Anagura.
cave used for storing.

A

33 Characters.

^Tashinameru, kumshimu.
To afflict, to be in pain

'

>Sx

na.

.*

or sorrow.

A cave, hole.

* Kiwameru.
* To investigate
examine,

be

carefully,
in great

g

A

\9 Utsuro, ana.
hollow, hDle.
,*

A

trouble.

3
fr

*v Iwaya, ana.
i*
cave, hole.

Munashii, sora.
Empty, the sky.

f^
tj

>

Takai, oinaru, sora.
vast, the sky.

^
y

Ugatsu, horu, tsuranuku.
To dig, pry into, penetrate, wear (boots).

v High,

f

Ugatsu, kugurido.

[*Tci dig a hole, a small

door

*

A grotto, store-house.

Tsuku, niwaka.
To strike against, sudden.

Kiwamaru, fusagaru.
be in extremities,

To

t Otoshiana.
1

poor, exhausted, depress-

A pit-fall.

ed.

Kamado.

lOri.
v A

A furnace.

stable, pen, prison.

* Fukai,
9

in a gate.

Iwaya, kura.

f

\

h

Kubomu.

To be concave, hollowed.

shizuka,

okufukat,

Yugamu, kizu.
be bent, a flaw.

uruwashii.

Deep,

quiet,
beautiful.

To
profound,

Semai, semaru.
* Narrow, to press upon.

Ukagau, nozoku.
enquire, spy out.

To

,

-D.

y Mado.

v

A window.

^ Shizuka, fukai,

*

okufukai,

utsukushii.

Deep, quiet,
beautiful.

v

Mado.

A window.

g Munashii,
-/

profound,

+ Fusagu, tsumeru.
v To stop up, obstruct.
^.

o Yatsuyatsushii, yatsureru.
v Poor, wretched, ragged,
e.na elated.
utsuro.

Empty, a hollow.
Sorimagaru, ozora.

5 To be warped,

bent, the

vault of heaven.

>y Nagareru,

hanatsu, kaku-

reru.

To run away, let go, hide.

122
Ana, munashii.

3>

A hole, empty.

a young servant.

Mizumichi, anagura.
An aqueduct, a grotto.

t Shizuka, yasui.
1
Quiet, peaceful.

Kamado.

A furnace.

Itoguchi, hashi, tadashii.

y The

Nusumu, hisoka

To

steal,

ni.

secretly,

pri-

just.

*

*
5 Stroke radical.
. Tatsu-hen.

rt
jfc^P
15
-II'*

origin, cause, end of
thing, edge, margin,

a

vately.

.

Tate, shimobe.

* The
height, length wise,

Tsukiru, tsukusu.

To

end, exhaust.

To

Characters.

contend,

Tatsu.
/.

,?

compete,

race.

6 Stroke radical.

To stand.

rtll Take-kammuri.
-If* 1*5 Characters.

?

A dragon, to rise up.

^

Narabu, tomo

4

To

ni,

narabi

ni.

Bamboo.

be arranged in a row,

together with.

Bamboo.

+ Tadazumu.
a To stand still.

Tdkezao.

owaru, kiivameru.
4 Finally, to finish, exhaust.
\i

ni,

shiru,^ Akiraka, ay a, nori,

v

*

shi.

(Tenjiku

^c^,

A bamboo pole.
Warau, emu, yorokobu.

To

laugh, smile, rejoice.

Tdke-no-ko.
Bamboo root.

Clear, an ornament, rule,
chapter, section.

A box for books

Warabe.

on the back).

A child.
To

wait.

Owaru, yamu, aratameru.

To finish, stop, to reform.
^ Tsutsushimu, osoreru.
5 To revere, fear.

India).

Oi, hombako.

(carried

Zaru.

A

basket.

A baton carried by nobles
the presence
emperor.
Kasa.
in

of

A hat, head-covering.

the

123
y Hako.

A box, hamper.
Warifu, fuda,
awaseru.

9

A pen, brush.
Yahazu, hazu.

shirushi,

* The notch in an arrow,

A

tally, seat, sign, to
unite, correspond with.

ought.
r>

Tagui,

V

^

Tsuide, yashiki.

*

Order, number, degree,
a house.

hitoshii,

Quality, sort, like, sign of
the plural.

*

Suji.

a Taga.

VA

+ HL

y Kotaeru.

vein, line, sinew, the
authorities concerned.

A hoop.

i To

A shuttle.

3

*

u Kago, mushiro.
4
basket, mat.

A

1

*

? Fue.
*
whistle, flute.

A

Hakarigoto, kakitsuke, muchi.

* Kogai,

kanzashi.

4

A hair ornament.

*

Tsue, take.

YX

Ab.

^

A cane, bamboo.
Sasara.

Fuda, muchi.
ticket,

reply, answer.

A plan, scheme, whip.

The shoots of the bamboo.

^
*A

wakachi,

ra.

A

whip.

brush made of

split

bamboo.

*
*

Sho-no-fue.

^ Yana,fusego.

A

kind of wind musical
instrument.

*

Muchi, muchiutsu.

s>

bamboo

Take-no-ko, koshi.
sprouts, a sedan
chair.

^ Bamboo

$ Semaru, shiboru, hasamu.
* To press upon, to
wring,
to hold between.

b

Sasa.

r

a large

basket.

A whip, to whip.

Bamboo

A weir,

A tube, funnel, pipe.

*

Ikada.

*

grass,

Tsutsu.

*

A raft.

A whistle made of a reed.
Gakki no na.
wind- musical instrument of five pipes.

A

Arai.

Rough.

.

M

E
a

e

A

124
^.

Kazoeru, kazu.

v

To calculate, count, num-

9 Kuda,fuye, tsukasadoru.
v A pipe, whistle, to have

\

ber, arithmetic.
gr

a

jurisdiction.

Takezutsu, yatsubo.

A bamboo tube, quiver.
A round box, a

[a Gakki no isshu, kago.
w
kind of musical instruL
ment, a basket.

A

box.

*

z,

A

kakimono.

document,

ticket,
tablet.

Bamboo.
v

j

!:.

v
,

^

Tsukasadoru, kuda.
To govern, a pipe.

Mi,

an assemblage.
-<.

J^lL

v

winnowing

Sudare.
foil,

blinds

made

of

bamboo strips.

tion.

Sgf +

in-

a dust-pan.

* Metal

Divining sticks, divina-

musical

chiritori.

rice,

-^/"Tvy Medogi, uranai.

iW^4

stringed
strument.

A basket for

Mushiro.

A mat,

A

* Yadake,

take-no-ko.

* Bamboo suitable for arrows, bamboo sprouts.

Kakehi.

A bamboo water-pipe.

Taga.

The

A hoop.

reed of a loom.

j Ebira, yanagui.
9
quiver.

Hdko, sasara, meshibitsu.

A

A

box, split bamboo
brush, rice-basket.

* Tsugumu,

tozasu, kubigase.
close the month, gag,
a
cangue.
shut,

* To

Itokuda, kago, utsubari.
;*
spool, basket, beam.
I^-

A

Hdko.

A box.

^

Medogi, hakarigoto, fiida.
;' Divining sticks, a plan,
ticket.

/,

i

*

misao,toki.

A joint, time, chastity,

a

point, or period, of time.

An

'

auxiliary numeral.

Com.

jgj

* Takamura, yabu, fue.

,v

A

clump of bamboos,

a

flute.

\yHawaku,
**

To

hoki.

Tehon, kata, nori.
rule, law, model.

sweep, a broom.

'* Kazoeru, kazu.
*v
To calculate, count,
ber, arithmetic.

A
*x

num-

Amu,

^To

shomotsu, kakemono.

compose, a book,
section, document.

125 -+ Kizuku,
9

To

Isuku.

"

construct, build.

A sieve, to

I

A

y Imashime, hari, harisasu.
v Warning, a needle, to
prick with a needle.

'
i

sift.

wo
.
[ment.
kind of musical instru-

A

weir, a thin
a trowel.

bladed

knife,

* Ya.
y An arrow.

\
"

r

Mino.

A raincoat.

*

Ashi, yoshibue.

't Magaki, gakki no na.
*y
fence, musical instrument.

A reed, a reed-pipe.

;

1 Iko,
^

A

koromokake, fumidai.

A clothes-rack,

foot-rest.

*
'* Hashi, kiru, ichijirushii.
[

Chopsticks, to wear, re-

-v

markable.

^The

A rush mat for covering.

elrira.

Su, sunoko, yukaita, atsu-

A quiver.

meru.
kind of

A

Hako.

\

Shigeru, hazure no oto.
To be luxuriant, the rustling of leaves.

Toma.

seal character.

a Yanagui,

Nagai, hart, hitoshikarazu.
Long, a needle, of unequal length.

bamboo

mat,

flooring, to collect.

? A box.

Muragaru, atsumaru, ya'a

Gakki no na.
kind of musical instrument.

^A

h Atsui.

Kind,

>

J/tew.

rv

To

liberal,

A

deep.

to choose, frugal,
bridge.
Takemushiro.

take by force, rob.

[a Kago,fusego, kagari.
i*
basket, bonfire, torchlight support.

v

assemble, an arrowhead, barb.

Fumi, juda, erabu, tsuzumaydka.
bamboo ticket, a letter,

'

>*

jiri.

To

to

A bamboo mat.

A

Hako.

A kind of small bamboo.

Ajika,fugo, makko.
basket for carrying

A box.

A

earth.
Fue-no-shita.

^ Sumikago, hako.

*

a-

A

The tongue

charcoal basket, box.

#
1
m &

E
a

e

of a

flute.

126
$/

t

*

Magaki.

Kanzashi, kogai.

A fence.

A hair ornament.
Shinodake, fue.

6 Stroke radical.
Koine-hen.
40 Characters.

A small bamboo, a flute.

'

ix

v

!

Sudare, su.
blind made of strips of

A

bamboo.

Koine, yone.

:* Chomen, fuda.
'j

An

Momi, ntomigara.
Unhulled rice, chaff.

account book, a reg-

ister.

Kume.

x
*

A

Hisashi, noki.
awning, eaves.

meaningless
used in names.

An

syllable

Hiru, aoru.

To winnow,
l-fe

'*

Fumi,fuda,

A book,

Flour, powder.

to flap.

Tsubu.
grain of rice, a pill, an
auxiliary numeral.

A

tsutaeru.

register,

list,

to

transmit.

Okii kago.
large basket.

;

Coarse, rough, large, for
the most part.

A

1

A blasted ear

[* Hdkarigoto, kazoeru.

V

A scheme, plan, to count.
Rattan.

!

y

.^

Yiz&tt, 2flrw.

A bamboo grove, a canebrake, a basket.

?w Kago, komeru.
i*
basket, cage, to put in.

m

of rice.

Nebaru, tsuku.

To

be sticky, to

stick.

Mochi, kogomemochi.
Rice-cake, rice-cake
broken-rice.

of

Kasu.
Dregs.

A

5
4

F, kanashii koe.

A flute, a sad tone.

;^ .Kw/Y, shirushi.
lot, chance, ticket.
\*

A

*

A flute.

Millet.

Yosoou.

To

adorn.

Onibi, hotarubi.

Ignis fatuus, the light of
the fire-fly.

127

^ Hoshii, kate.

Kibizake, mochi.

A kind
from
:>

of liquor brewed

Sun-dried rice, rations.

millet, rice-cake.
J-t

Kogome.

yy

Broken

rice.

Rice-gruel.
Hoshii, irigome, kate.

Sun-dried

? Monti, kayu.
Chaff, rice-gruel.

rice,

parched

rice, food.

_.,.., ...dareru, tsuiyasu.
Rice-gruel, to be inflam-

J
ft

Provisions, rations.

ed, to spend.

i^ Nebarut majiru.
To be sticky, to mix.
r^

Urushine, uruchi.

& Non-glutinous

rice.

,

;

$.

Azayaka.

^4 Kuwashii,

Kuso, kegasu.

Dung, to

defile.

Kasu, moromi.
Dregs, lees.

:* Bright.
tadashii,

yoi,

shirageru, tamashii.
Upright, sure, good, minute, to refine, the spirit.

\

-j

**

Millet.

Rice-bran, flour.

Provisions, rations.

Yeast.
\

:*

Moppara, kuwashii,

Mochigome.
Glutinous rice.

tnajiri

^ Kaiyone.
[* Rice for buying.
t

Entirely, minute, elegant,
pure.

\? Uriyone.
[^ Rice for selling.

y Chimaki.

*

A rice-cake.

r

Paste.

6 Stroke radical.

PP

Chimaki.

A rice dumpling.
,

^To

kurau.

175 Characters.

Thread,

mix, to eat.

string.

Tadasu.
To enquire into, examine,
judge.

Sugar, rice-jelly.

m
IPT

128
4-

4

Chisuji, tsunagu, tsuzuku.

A

connection, system,
line of succession, to con-

>N

v

%.

Tadasu, nau.

* To enquire

into,

examine,
'

Midareru, magireru.
Confused, perplexed, dis-

J

Nawabari, hiroi, oinaru.
Stretching rope, wide,

7

judge, twist.
Shirusu, nori.

orderly, ambiguous.

To

write down, a history,
chronicle, rule, law.

t

vast.

y Musubu, tsuzumeru, chikau,

A

promise, generally, to
bind, abridge, promise.

=I

Kurenai, bent.

y To weave,

i,

magaru, matou.

Arope,tobebent,towrap.

* Shiroginu, musubu.
J Shining garments, to

f Midareru.
be disordered,

^To
-f

*

Midareru, sakan, okii.
To be in confusion, prosperous, many.

*

To

Ayamaru, kazaru, araginu.

To make

a mistake, adorn, coarse cloth.

tie.

con-

f-

*

vestigate, wrap, lonely.

crest.

To

receive, collect,

pay

,

*

braid, ribbon, to

.

4

Tstride, shina,
class,

Kami.

$,

majiri no nai, moppara.
Good, pure, entirely.

Usumono.
^ Gauze, thin. silk.

pile up, repeat, tie up,

cause trouble.
Hosoi, komaka, wazuraivashii.

Kazari-obi, tsukaneru.
sash,
a gentleman, to bind,

* A large ornamental

Paper.

,*

raivasu.

troublesome.

step,

grade, rank.

Yoi,

in-

Narrow, minute, small,

kida.

order,

search,

Kasaneru, tsunagu, ivazu-

To

A card,

to

Purple.

Himo, musubu.

A

rope,

Murasaki.

*

tie.

*
?

sagasu, matou, sabi-

shii.

A

in.

*

Nawa,

Aya, moyo, kata.

* Ireru, osameru.

3*

yurumu.
loose, to relax.

fused, tumultuous.

* A design,

v

silk.

-^

v Scarlet, rouge.
v

spin (thread).

Moto, shiroi, sunao.
Origin, white, simple, the
original thing.

tinue.

W

Tsumugu, umu.

To

bundle.
fe

v

Tsugu, tasukeru.
connect, continue,
introduce, assist.

To

* Dark

blue.

129
Oivaru, tsui ni, shinu,
end, finally, to die.

* Tamau, sonaeru,
7 To give (to an

To

M

To

weave, club together,
a company, league.

j.

v

f Fusagu, furuwata.
* To close up, old cotton.
v
4

An

unlined garment, to

string.

Shibaru, tsunagu, nawame.
* To bind, tie, a bond.

& Hosonuno.
* Fine cloth, woolen cloth.

* Tsumugi, tsumugu.
& Pongee, to spin.

* Kubiru,
tie,

^ Cotton.

matou.
n,

wrap.
:

^ Tsunagu, ywwaeru,
*

Ito.

fe

pull.

To

Suberu, suji-michi.
To unite in one, govern,
continue, line (family).

Thread,

hiku.

Nuno, tsumugi, nawa.
Linen, pongee, rope.

*

inferior),

supply, to suffice.

Kumu, kumi.

> Hitoemono,

tariru.

To tie,

kizuna.
I

bonds, fetters.

A Azamuku,

v Pure,
j,

.*

shizuka.

quiet.

Kubiru, shiboru, shimeru.
To bind, strangle, wring,
squeeze.

utagau, matou.

To deceive,

doubt, wrap.
;

3 Matagjtru, hakama.

To

* Shirizoku, kagamu.
5 To retire, bend down.

bestride, loose trous-

ers.

Resplendent.
String, cord, a stringed

Shitone.

musical instrument.

A mattress.

Hodasu, tsunagu.

y To
3
*

4-

*

Wata, midareru.

fetter, bind, tie.

Cotton, to be disordered.

tsunagaru, kukuru.
to be connected, to bind.
Ito,

A thread,

nort, tsune, tale.

To

pass through, a rule,
law, usual, length wise, a
parallel of longitude.

Musubu, VMM.

To

tie, 'bind,

dress

the

hair.

v
*

Taeru, tatsu.
end, fail, be extinct,
to cut.

To

Silk.

'

Komakai, kuzununo.
\

*

Fine, grass-cloth.

130
Tsurube-nawa.

A well rope.

ar

Hokorobu.

v

To

rip open, to

open

(as

a bud).

Shima no orimono.

u Some-iro, moegi.

Striped cloth.

4

The

coloring,

a

light

green.

Arai kuzununo.
* Coarse grass-cloth.

JJL* >>

Somukanu, musuli'.sukeru.
v Not opposed, to tie fast.

4-

^
^

Kiito, ayaginu.

Raw

silk,

damask.
I*
!

s,

*

Tsumuida araito, kuzunuuo.
Coarse-spun thread, grasscloth.

Nawa, nau,
Rope, to twist rope.

^ Kammuri no himo, tareru.
* The ribbons of a crown,
to

Matou, kazami.
vTo wrap around,
weather vane.

a

^ Tsumugi.
4 Pongee.
* Yasunzuru,
4

shirizoku,

warn.
be at ease, retire,

>

To

susit.

suberu.
|# Tsuna, tsunagu,
\9
hawser, to tie, unite.

A

'J

Wata, shimaginu.
Cotton, striped cloth.
+ Matou, shigeshii, tsuzuku.
v To wrap around, crowded, dense.
y Osa, suberu.

*

5 Green.

The reed

of a loom, to

control, superintend.

y Kumihimc.
ribbon, braid, cord.

*

Midori.

hang down.

A

*Shirushi.

Tsunagu,

tsuna,

4

A mark, sign.

*

To

tamotsu,

kore.

To
lys
I

*

tie,

rope, keep, this.

A net.
Tsuzuru, tsugi-awa eru.
compose, join together, patch, spell, rags.

oJ To
:

J

color.

i4i.

Wata.
Cotton.

l.

,5 Silk-damask.

6 Eginu, ayaginu.
1 Decorated silk.
Ayaginu, tsuya.

Figured cloth,

lustre.

^ Yutaka, yuruyaka.
7 Abundant, lenient.
* Kuroi, kuroginu.

Black, black cloth.

131
Tsuriito,

>j

tto,

A fish-line,

y

Tsumugu, atsumeru.

tsukasadoru.
cord, to gov-

To

ern.
\jj

Kibishii, matou.

41

v

,

Strict, to

Tojiru, karageru.

v To bind
itoguchi,

kumihimo.
a thread,

The end

of
plaited cord.
Nuki.

*

The woof,

Itoguchi, o, tsunami.

^The

end of a thread, a

or

tude.

^
v

Neru.

Suji.

A thread, line.

To

To

4

tie,

make

Haruka,

tight, shut,

border, affinity, relation, connected with.

\

v Loose,
it

v

Amu, kumu, tsuizuru.

v To weave, compose,

to

be in order.

^
y

^ Wata,

tsuranaru.
Cotton, to be connected.
v?

*

to pain.

A diaper.
.

* Sakan, furuwata, wataire.

V

v Flourishing, old cotton,
a wadded garment.

Neru, shiroginu, shima.

To

gloss,
stripe.

white cloth, a

Agata, kakeru.
district, prefecture, to

A

Orosu, sugaru.
lower, lean upon.

To

s/

'*

toi.

Odoshi.

>r

threads of an armor.

.

M

A

large sash, a gentle-

man.

* Indistinct, far.

The

remiss, easy, slow.

Meguru, tori-maku.
To wind about, surround,
encompass.

Mutsuki.

Kasuka,

hoso-ito.

hang up.

K Tsuri-ito, zenisashi, itamu.
y A fish-line, coin-string.
^

toi,

Shtbaru, kukuru, nawa.
To tie, rope.

Komakashii, kuwashii.
Fine, minute.

v

drill,

osoi.
j^ Yuruyaka,

Heri, fuchi, yoru, chinami.

^A

*x

train,

Distant, far, fine-thread

discipline.

x

temper,

practice.

Musubu, shimeru.

=r

cross-threads

parallels of lati-

lines,

a thong, lineage.

^.

together, bind.

wrap around.

Akai, neriginu.
Vermillion, red, gloss silk.

v

col-

assemble,

spin,

lect.

Chijintu, chijimi.

To

shrink,
cloth.

a

kind

of

Kinufutako.

v A kind of woven goods.

A

* E
si

a

rfi

M
B

IW

132
!

Koto.

*4

A

.

h

>

Shibarinaiva, shibaru.
bond, fetter, to bind.

A

thing.

Nawa, karageru, mukabaki.
Rope, to hoist, leggings.

Muji no
Plain

kinu, yuruyaka.
lenient,
cloth,

eisy.

r^ Kazaru, shigeshii.
r? To ornament, luxuriant.

Matou, ayamari.
To wrap around,

Kubiru, kubikukuru.
To bind, tighten, strangle.

an

error.
Itosuji, kuivashii, tsuzure.

A

^Nuu,
,v To sew.
1

thread, clear, minute,
particular, rags.

v Chijimu.

Oru.

^ To

To

shorten, shrink.

weave.

*/

Tsukurou, osameru.
repair, regulate.

Tate, hoshiimama, yunisu.
Length-wise, willful, to

To

permit.

Kinugasa.

A parasol.

^* Shigeshii, shigeru.

Luxuriant, prosperous.

Matou, meguru, tori-ntaku.
around, encom-

To wrap
;.fe

Umu, tsumugu,

,*

To

isaoshi.

pass.

spin, merit.

Kinu.
y Suberu, subete, musubu,fusa.
v To control, govern, generally, all, to tie, a tassel.
\,

Motsureru, musuboreru.
be tangled, or knot-

^To

ted.

^ Maku, tsukaneru, mutsuki.
v To wind, bundle up, a
swaddling cloth.
-v

Himodoku, hirogeru.
10

i

To

unfasten, untie, read,
to widen.

Nuimono, nuihaku.
Need] ework, embroidery.
Meguru, torim a ku.
To surround, encompass.

Nawa,

Hanairo, moegi.
Light green.

tadasu.

A rope, to adjust.

Tsunagu, kutsutva.

E, egaku, miu.

To

p'cture, to draw,
broider.

tie,

a bridle

* Mutsuki,
v

Silk.

A

A

bit.

em-

zenisashi.

diaper, a cord
stringing cash.

for

Tsunagu, kakeru, kizuna.
tie, hang, a bond, tie.

To

133
i Noberu, tazuneru.
* To relate, enquire.

Hosoi wata, ivata-ire.
Fine cotton, a wadded
garment.
Matou, tsunagu, nawa.
To wrap around, tie, a
rope, hawser.

^ Kuru.
.*

To

reel thread, gin cotton.

[* Tazuna.

Wazuka.

f\>

A little.

A rein, halter.

*
L-^

[*

Kammuri
Tsunagu, meguru.
tie, surround.

no himo.

Ribbons of a head-cover-

To

ing.

Hosoi, komakai,

# Matou,
*

To wrap

.

Fine, slender,
delicate.

around, thread.

*

A banner, standard.

zuku.

Ab. $}

Tomozuna, funazuna.

A hawser.

Atsumeru.
To gather, compile, sew
together.

6 Stroke radical.

+ Nengoro, nasakebukai.
^Kind, sympathetic.

j/

15 Characters.

Matou, kumu.
To wrap around, braid a
queue.

^

Usuginu.

# Kame,

^ Thin
"t

thread,

Ukeru, tsugu, tsunagu, 1su~

tinue.

v

a

To

To received, inherit, cony.

shina-

Tsugu, tsuzuru.
succeed, continue.

v The silk-worm cocoon.
4

suji,

ya^a

:

itosuj

silk, fine silk.

Sakan,

okii.

v Flourishing,

&

Hotogi, kame.
earthen vessel, jar.

An

A jar.

>r

Kakeru, sokonau.

v To

large.

motai.

v

lack, to te defective,

incomplete, to injure.
Tsugu, tsuzuku.

To

^ Kame,

continue.

J

* Musubu, shiboru.
? To tie, wring out, dye.
j-

A jar.

motai.

^ Kakeru.

ftfi *

To

be nicked.

Matou, karameru, meguru.

v To wrap around,

bind,
cling about, encompass.

M

~.

4

Kame,

tsurube.

A crock, jar, well-bucket.

a

M

s*

g
IW

134
$.

v

^

Sakazuki.

A wine-cup.
Munasliii,

'4

JH. J

utsuro,

kotogo

Mtr^ A

mals).

Sukima, ana.

A crack, hole.

r Motai, kame.
fr

-y
"

ami.
net or trap (for ani-

Wana,

toku.

Empty, a hollow, entirely.

'

A

net for catching ania mals.

<

*JB ^

Tsumi, toga, wazaivai.

7p4 A sin, crime, punishment,
misfortune.

A crock, jar.

O/^M, todomeru.

J^L

Sakadaru.

To

IM.

v

A sflfe cask.

*

A jar, crock.

put, place, except, let
alone.

komeru.
^*^ ^t Kago,

A^ttf

A basket, to put into.
Uo-ami.

M^* A

1 Sakadaru.
safo? cask.

4

A

^

A bottle.

fish-net.

Goban no mori me,

4

i-

Hotogi, kogame, tsurube.
jar, can, bucket.

A

[

Tsumi, tsumi suru.

# Punishment,

to punish.

v Yakusho, han

wo

3

6 Stroke radical.

A

government

osu.
office, to

seal.

%

on fro
p*i
Ami-gashira.
Me-gashira.
24 Characters.

suji.

A vacant spot, a line.

Nonoshiru.
"
*

To

abuse, revile.

? Yameru, makaru.

^
*

A net, snare.

* Nai, ami,

Kakaru, au, uryoru.
be concerned in, meet

with, grieve.

* Wana, toraeru.
v A trap, to catch.

Mare, ami.
* Seldom, a net.
jj

Ami, kasaneru.

?

A net, to pile up.

*

A fish-net.

Ami.

cease, retire.

To

shiiru.

v Not, a net, to deceive.

fc

To

Ami, usuginu, tsurauaru.
net, gauze, to be arranged in a row.

A

.

^

Shiboru, kosu.

4

To wring ou

f
,

filter.

135
Shiguma.
kind of bear.

Mure, muragaru, oi.
crowd, to flock together, congregate, numerous.

A

A

To

cover, a covering
an algebraic exponent.

^ Urayamu, amaru.
v To envy, covet,
main over.

cloth,

Tabi, tabibilo, tomaru.
journey, traveler, to

A

Tadashii, nori, yoshi.

;

Right, justice, reason,
good, correct, proper.

\

lodge.

Kizuna, tabit omogai.
fetter, journey, bridle.

to re-

% Atsumono, suimono.

A

?
f-fe

6 Stroke radical.

,

Soup.
Hitsuji-kusai, namagusai.

v Smelling of
sheep,

ill-

smelling,

Hitsuji-hen.

17 Characters.
[

a

}

Hitsuji, utsukushti.

a,

A sheep, beautiful.

Hitsuji.

A sheep.
Yowai,yaseru, tsukareru.

* Weak,

to be emaciated,

tired.

A barbarian.
6 Stroke radical.
Yoi, utsukushii, yomisuru.

;

Hane-kammuri.

Lovely, good, beautiful,
t j esteem, approve.

:

*

23 Characters.

O-hitsuji.

Hane, tsubasa.

A ram.

Feathers, wings.
Okina, oyaji, chichi,
old man.

Me-htsuji, kuroi o-hitsuji.

9-

A ewe, a black ram.

v

Ko-hitsuji.

y Tsubasa, tada ni.
Wings, not only
with a negative),

(used

a Tsugi.

[row.

A lamb.

An

A ram, lamb.

9 Next,
following, to-mor-

Susumeru, hazukashii.
To offer, urge upon, a-

?

O-hitsuji, ko-hitsuji.

s/

Narau, manabu, narawashi.

To

shamed.

learn, study, practice,

custom, fashion.
O-hitsujL

3 Tsutsushimu, tasukeru.
To respect, assist.

A large sheep.

*

To

(Incorrect for

fly,

soar.

E

&
IW

3f
=&

136
^f

atsumeru.

Aii,

Kagayalatt hikaru.

? To meet, gather together.

To

* Midori.

* Green.
r-tlJ

Jr*

? Yamadori,
*

A

14

shine.

6 Stroke radical.
^* Oi-kammuri.
7 Characters.

kiji.

pheasant.
<,

toshiyoru.
old, aged,

To grow

Kawasemi.

A kingfisher.

vene-

rable.

Kangaeru, nagaiki.

To consider, reflect, opin-

^ Kiru, tatsu.
* To cut.

ion, thought,

long

M?o, wa, ^oo,
<x

^

Hirugaeru, Jiayaku

To

wave,

mind,

tobu.

Thing, as

change the
>^

Moteasobu.
*
To play with.

To grow

^

Fumi,

a pheasant.

-zj

tobu.

A writing,
The neck

old,

an old per-

son, sixty years old.

v
:fr

Oibore.

(9/r, toshiyoru.

-

tobu, kiji.

fly fast,

a per-

f Dotage.

^

To

for, this,

son.

fly fast.

Hayaku

life.

hito.

epistle, to fly.

O/'rw, inochi-nagai.

To grow

old, long-lived.

O/Vw.

*

To

[years old.
eighty

grow-old,

6 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.

of a wing.

Kazasu, kinugasa.

To stick in the hair, a
protection from the sun.
Hirugaeru, kaeru.
To turn over, wave, to
change about, translate.

nan.
Yet,

The

oi,

Yawaraka, yowai.
weak.

r

up.

To

6 Stroke radical.
Suki-heu.

tt

Hi-* 14 Characters.

lift

5
^<, kakeru.
play, soar.

r^^rw, koraeru.
bear, endure.

To

ageru.

wings, many, to

and, you.

Soft,

Tsubasa, tasukeru.
Wings, to assist.

Hane,

still,

^

A

,

fc

suki-no-e.

plough, the handle of a
plough.

O

137

^, yar, ^t^t.

Tsuchikau.

To

TT.I

% Tagayasu.
s>

To

cultivate,

till,

*llL

labor.

Shame, disgrace.
Com. f.

* Kusagiru.
* To pull weeds.
9-

A

kind

I,

^

To whisper, ringing in
the ears, deafness.
Hikari, akiraka.
Light, clear.

of agricultural

drawn by animals.

tool

Fukeru, takedakeskii.
be addicted to, auda-

Heru, tsukiru.

To

decrease,
hausted.

become

To

ex-

cious.

Isasaka, tanoinu, negau.
Trifling, a little, to request.

* Suki no ha.
a The blade of a spade.
*
,

s/

3

Suki.

A spade.

Kamabisushii, oroka.

Clamorous, foolish.

Suki, ai-tasukeru.

A

spade,

to

mutually

Hijiri, monoshiri.

A sage, holy,

assist.
rf

P

perial,

Narabti, tagui, tsureai.
To be arranged in order,
.

sort,

consorts,

husband

v
,)

'&

,f

'?

sacred, im-

a learned man.

Ton, tnesu, metoru.
enquire, summon,

To

and wife.
y.

tyfr

Sasayaku, miminari, tsum-

Magusa, tagayasu.
Fodder, to cultivate.

^ Maguwa.
*

[a father.

An interrogative particle,

fertilize, cultivate.

marry,

Tanemaku, ueru.
sow, plant out.

Atsumaru.
To be assembled together.

To

Kuwa, kusagiru.

A

mattock, to cut grass.

wo ou
utsuwa.
mallet, spade, implement for covering seeds.
Tsuchi, suki, tane

A

v To

hear, news.

t Muko.
4

A

husband.

u Tsuranaru,
v seru.

To

6 Stroke radical.

tsuzuku,

to continue, to unite.

Mimi-hen.
20 Characters.

y Akiraka, satoi, kashikoi.

v Quick of hearing,
ear, only,

intel-

ligent.

Mimi, nomi.

9 An

awa-

be arranged in a row,

a

final par-

^
i

ticle.

ffi

Koe,

oto, hibiki,

homare.

A voice, report, praise.

138
* Sobieru, tdkai.
y To tower up, high, lofty.
y Tsutome, shigoto, tsukasa*

doru.
Office, duty, trade, occu-

pation, business, to
ern.

gov-

///;V,

The elbow, arm.

/JT v The liver.
H_L h Hara.
The abdomen.

/JJI

^ Kiku,yurusu.
*

To

hear, listen,

permit

a Tsumbo.
9 Deafness, deaf.

rttr"ftlf 6 Stroke
.r|=L

pP

radical.

5 Characters.

4 Fude, tsui ni.
*
brush, pen, at

A

p~i* % Shiri, fukureru.
The anus, to be swollen

and

large.

To

be

fat, fertile.

^ Kata, katsu.
y The shoulder,

to

over-

come.
last.

Mise, tsuranaru, hoshiima-

ma.

j-a Gaenzuru, ukegau.
J ^ To consent, assent.

A

shop, to be arranged in
ranks, arbitrariness, final-

The

lungs.

ly.
2/1

^

=f

v

Tsutsushtmu,

kibishii,

uya-

Sakana.

uyashii.

To

Meat and
vegetables
eaten with rice or sake.

be circumspect, se-

vere, respectful.
Narau, honeoru, wakaeda.
To study, labor, a young
shoot.
Hajime, hakaru. [culate.
The beginning, to cal-

">f

*

r-tlJ

%

kumu.
bring

up,

nourish,

educate.
3

6 Stroke radical.

Sodateru, yashinau, hago-

To

Momo.

The

thigh.

Niku-zuki.

Hr* no Characters.

The

hands

and

feet,

limbs.
Shishi, mi.

Flesh, meat.

Abura, koeru.
Fat, to be fleshy.

JjJL* The skin, naked body.

H4i

Hiji.

Abarabone, wakibone.

HJJ * The

The

ribs.

Niru, taguu, katadoru.

To

resemble,

make

like.

elbow, main arm.

haremono.
wart, wen, swelling.

Ibo, kabu,

E4v A

139
4

140
I* Ashi, sune.
'y
foot, the shin,

A

v The kidneys.

Nukeru, manukareru.
cast off (as a skin),
escape, to leave out, can-

no
* Komura, hagi

cel

% Kara,fushi.
* Empty, a tune.

To

The

(membership.)

ushiro.

calf of the leg.

>

Hagi, sune.
4 The shin.

The

loins.

* Osameru, narau.
P

To regulate, study (as a
science).

The abdomen,

feelings.

<*

JH

^ Kuchibiru.

f The

The

Namaniku, namagusai.
fresh and

Raw-meat, a

Hojishi.

Dried meat.

disagreeable smell.

Komakai, moroi,

Jfr

brain, intellect.

lips.

kiriniku.

Fine, brittle, sliced meat.

Hokuro.
mole.

A

hare mono.
'^ Hareru,
L# To swell, a swelling.
.f,
r

;er

Harawata.

The

intestines.

-

To

decay, rot.

F>

v $/? SM/Y ;/0 nemoto.
The sinews, the ends of
sinews.

\^

Harawata.

The

intestines,

feelings,.

sympathies.
t/*fe,

\-)i

be emaciated.

grow
;><;

thigh.

\

\

f

Hojishi.

uruosii.

ointment, to

fleshy, to enrich.

Ibaribukuro.

* The

Wdki no shita, waki.
The arm-pit, side.
Dried meat.

fat,

inflated,

puffed up.

The spken,

Abura, koeru,

v Grease,

* Fukureru, ham.
swell, be

1 To

f*

Yaseru.

To

kaina.

The arm.

te

*,

v

j

bladder.

Sebone, kinniku no chikara.
muscular
spine,
force.

3 The

y Momo,

\1

hagi ya

ushiro

The

momo

niku.
thighs, calf or

no

1:0

rump.

141
0/7

--

a Mune,
v The

utsu, ataru, ukeni.
to strike,
breast,
receive.

The diaphragm.
momo

Hojishi,

Dried

meat,

no hone.
the thigh

-fe

'

Common for

#

Knsai, namdkusai.

v Putrid,

bone.

ill-smelling.

* Namasu.
kind of salad.
4

A

]j|J

9 Hikagami.
I? The hollow back of the
\

knee

The elbow.

joint.

Umi.

Hadae, hada.

The

skin,

Pus.

naked body.
Mune.

'y;
\

;

9

The

breast, heart, nvnd,
ideas, feelings, timidity.

Usugawa.

A

membrane.

y Hiza.

'

r^

The

\ij

Nikawa,

r

Glue, to stick fast.

knee, lap.

h Shiri, isarai.

v The buttocks.

^

.v

nebari-tsiiku.

Kuimono wo sonaeru.

'^To

prepare
dining table.

eatables, a

akazuku.
* Aburag'ru,
To be greasy, dirty.

Fukureru, hareru.

To

swell.

Shita mabuchi no heri.

v The edge of the lower
eye

lids.

Heso, hozo.
4 The navel.

-k

^

^

Hiji, hijibushi, kaina, tadareru, yawarakai.

J The elbow, elbow-joint,
^ arm, to be inflamed, soft.
5 Fuyu uo matsuri, omisoka.
? Winter, the las! day of

the year.

Himorogi.
Flesh offered in sacrifice.

Nodo.

The

throat.

Kimo.

The liver, g ill, affections,

>j

a

feelings.

Namagusai, abura.

A fresh,

fleshy smell, fat.

jj

Nardberu,

tsuide, tsutaeru.

To

arrange in a row,
order, to transmit

in

Atsumonj.

9 Soup.

Haremono, dekinwno.

A swelling,

boil.

^ The viscera (Zo-fu $

E
e
sg

a

s

142
Utcna.

Shishimura, kirimf.
Flesh, sliced meat.

19

The

calyx of a flower,
a high terrace, stand.
Itaru, oyobu, atsum am.

6 Stroke radical.
5 Characters.
Kerai, omi.

To

attain

reach,

to,

gather together.

[cer, subject.

6 Stroke radcal.
12 Characters.

A reta ner, minister, offiYasiunu, fusu, neru.

pTI

To

\&\

lie

down,

rest.

Q

Yasumu,fusu, neru.

To

lie

down,

Yoi, atsui,

ru

rest.

(Com,f. g\).
mainai ivo uke-

koto.

[bribe.

to receive a
Nozomu, mini.
To approach, be at the

Good, kind,
11

point

behold, special.

of,

A mortar.
otoshiana.
A hole, pitfall.
Chotto no aida.
A short time.
ylwrt,

Kakuy ageru.

[raiss up.

To carry on the

shoulder,

Usutsuku, tsuku.

To pound

in a

mortar,

pound.

pf JJ
",

6 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.

Yon, mizukara, onozukara.

From, one's

own
5,

accord,

bad

a

* Tsugeru.

To

[ously.
smell,

[odor.

tell.

6 Stroke radical.
5

Character -

Itaru, klivamaru.

To arrive, reach, very,
as to, to be carried to an
extreme.
Ilasu, itaru,

To

A father-in-law, uncle.

of its
spontane-

self,

Kusai, kaori.

^ Stinking,

Kutsu, oinaru katachi.
Shoes, a large appearance.

omomuki.

/,

kumisuru, azu-

ataeru.

,

And, with, to take part
in, give, from, an interrogative particle.
Okoru, okosu, sakan, omo-

To rise,

to raise, prosper-

ous, interesting.
Ageru, kaku, ntina.
To raise up, bear on
the shoulders, promote,

honor,

all.

Com. f.

^

Hisashii, furui,moto.
Formerly, ancient, old,
olden times, a long time,

do, finish, reach, purport.
Futaiabi itaru, shikiri ni.
To come again, constant-

origin.
Hibi, kizu, chinuru.
crack, flaw, to

ly.

friendship.

A

smear

with blood, a break

in

143
Moyaibune.

6 Stroke radical.
6 Characters.

Boats lashed together.

Shita.

^ The tongue.
,

*

y adorn, sashi-oku.

>^

A house, to lodge, stop.

v

Obune.

A large boat, ship.

s/

3 Noberu, omommiru,
yuruyaka.
3

To

relate,

nobiru,

Fune.

y

extend, slack,

softly.

y Funabata.
*'
The gunwale of a

Nameru.

TO
'

A boat, ship.

Hck.

'

(Incorrect jor $$ )

M

boat.

A large boat
i

*

v

(Common for

||)

6 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.

A4.

Somuku, tagau, midareru.
oppose, differ, be in

!xT v To

Tomo,

The

kaji.

stern, a rudder.

A rudder.
A small boat, a boat.

confusion.

^ Mukuge.
jx The morning-glory.
-

Kobune.

A small boat.

Mai, man.
dance, to dance, circle
around.

A

6 Stroke radical.
25 Characters.

Hashikebune.
small boat, tender.

A

*

fane.

The prow,

a boat.

A
*

an auxiliary
boat,
numeral for boats.

A boat.
A

,

wataru.

boat, to cross

over,

Funagura.
The hold of a vessel.

navigat'on.
Utsusu, hakobu, tabi.
transport, sort, time.

To

Ikusabune.

A

man-of-war.

g

1
e

-m-

J

&

m

im

144
Funeyosooi.

The equipment

01

Tsuya, urutvashii, ateyaka.

V Lustre, beautiful, lovely.

of a ship.

An

oar, scull.

6 Stroke radical.

An

oar, rudder.

if Kusa-kammuri.
244 Characters.

Hobashira.
mast.

A

Ikusabiifie.

^ Grass.

A war-sh p.
:

^ Yomogt, mogusa, kusagiru.

Ikusabune.

A war-ship.

4

The mugwort, moxa,

to

cut grass.

The

stern of a vessel.

HH^
.~rl

/ no isshu.
kind of rush.

A

6 Stroke radical.
4 Characters.

a

^

Ushi-tora,

Mehajiki,

i.

A kind of rush.

todomaru, kagi-

Imo

-

The

rw, ^ato/.

The

potato, tubers.

N.E., to stop, limit,
hard.
Yin,

A head of grain, dark.

^a^a hisashiku.

J Good,

excellent, skillful,
tolerably long.

a Futatabi tagayasu,

^

-ft

y

taga-

>-5M.

To

Shigeru.
To be luxuriant.

plough.

The peony.

Katai, nayamu.
Hard, to be distressed,
afflicted.

(Shaku-yaku

<.

,

Grass, vigorous.
Kobashii, midareru.

6 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.

Fragrant, to be disordered.

Shiba.
Iro, irodoru.

Turf.

Color, to paint, appearance, sort, love, a lover,
lewdness.

A

Ikaru.

To

be angry.

flower.
/,

kobashii.

Perfume, fragrant.

13

m
o

145
-j

9

Hiideru, handbusa.
To excel, a flower.

Obako.
The plantain.

H Chiisai, shigeru.
^ Small, to be luxuriant.

Shigeru, sakan.
To be luxuriant, dense.

to Karashi, akuta.
4 Mustard, rubbish.

A garden, pasture.

A flower.
(Ba-sho S?f|, banana).
f

*

Kusagiru, sakan, nioigusa.
cut grass, luxuriant,

To

4 Moss.
.,

&

fragrant grass.

-pf
J~f~

* Seri.

v

Toma.

-

Parsley.

* Magusa, kusa wo kuu mo?
n kusakari.

Shigeru, tsuto.
To be luxuriant, a present.

v

A rush

mat

for protect-

ing boats from rain.

-,

Fodder, grass-eating ani-

Iratsu, kibishii, togameru.
irritate, harsh, vexa-

mals, a grass-cutter.

To

tious, to

y

3

Used only for

sound.

its

^

blame.

A present, hemp.
Chigaya, kaya.

v

A reed used as thatch.

v

Migivva, chiisai.
4 The shore, small.

n

The

^

* 0, mao.

v

&

,

To

karitoru.

cut, harvest.

Nae, tane,

A

young

family

chisuji.

3

shoot, seed, a

Hemp

(for rope).

supposing that, tempDrary, small in degree.

^.

Yomogi, meguru.

1

The mugwort, to revolve.

>;

Ichigo.

If4

gotoshi,

y

egg-plant.

line.

a lyashikumo, karisome.

v

Nasubi.

moshi,
i,

nanji.

Young,

4

4
like,

if,

perhaps,

To

Mimina, cchiru.
kind of vegetable, to

A

fall.

you.

a Kurushimu,

A berry.

nigai.

suffer pain, trouble,
affliction, bitter, cruel.

.

Hasu no mi, juzudama.
The fruit of the lotus,
Job's tears.

Ipf

146
? Endo, takai.
* Pease, high.
u Kaori, kobashii.
v Perfume, fragrance.

& Egoma,

7 Shigeru, sakan.
luxuriant, dense,
vigorous.

it

v

A

Tiima-

soft, to

Kotaeru.

? To answer,

reply.

Ibara, tsue, muchi.
4
thorny plant, a cane,
,*

Murasakigusa.
herb giving a purple

A

A

whip.

dye.
it

^ Umagoyashi.

'A

yawaraka,

kind of plant,
be slow.

y To be

*

e,

doru.

Hanajunsai, asaza.

v The water-shield.

kind of grass (Moku-

^ Kusa, shikiri ni.
v Grass, constantly.
Tea.

'4 Shitone,
v shiro.

mu-

shikinwno,

\

A

Kusa.

* Areru, susamu.
To be laid waste, deserted, abandoned, increasing

to bud, to cut.

Kusa no

in violence.

*

y

y

H
v,

A

.fe
\

'

toi.

Hiroi,

v Wide, vast,

\ Onira.

far.

\^

The

A

thorny plant, a thatching rush, to thatch.

Koko

Akanegusa.

* Madder.

kayafuku.

,

na.

A kind of grass.

Cha-no-ki, cha-no-yu.
The tea shrub, tea (the

beverage).

^

spread,

J Tsubana, megumu, karu.
The plume of the kaya,

v

4.

mattrass,

strawmat.

Grass.

large garlic.

kind of grass, fennel

ni, kore.

Here,

A kind of tree.

this.

Shigeru,

midareru,

atsu-

maru, kinoko.
be luxuriant, disordered, to assemble, the

To

*

Ninau,

mushroom.

hasu.

carry,
baggage,
goods, cargo, the lotus.

soft.
jx

Kusa no

reed.

ni,

To

s -t**g> Kurau, yawaraka.

*in To eat,

Common

na.

A kind of grass or rush.

*

Nashi, nakare, oinaru.

A negative, do
not, large.

not,

have

147
Usukawa, uejini.
Inner bark,
death

by

^ffi^* Satoru, hotokegusa.

apprehend,
^ To
a kind

~in

*

starvation.
h
x

*

Nigana, kariru.

A

bitter

vegetable,

to

borrow.
j

t,

jefe^ Hana, hanayaka.
?

^f

A flower, elegant.

* Alsiimeru.

O%osoka, tsutsushimu, inakaya, sakan, kazari.
Stern, majestic, to rever-

To

ence, a villa, vigorous,
ornament.

assemble, collect.

Used only

for

its

sound.

(Bit-do |fi?S).

5 Tabako.

v Tobacco.
j(

perceive,

of grass.

Akaza, areru, kusakaru.

The goose-foot,
waste, to cut grass.

Hagusa, minikui.

Weeds,

ugly.

laid

Ay ante.
J The iris.

'j

\ Kuki, iniki.
* A stem, stalk, trunk.

I

.

/:

\<

;
'

Kiichigo, koke.

A

kind
moss.

Imushiro,

of

i,

4

raspberry,

Kabiira, shigeru.
turnip, to be luxuriant.

The

it

hohoemu.

kobashii.

Thin, imperfect, fragrant.

Rush matting, a kind of
rush, to smile.

Mamegara.
Shells or stalks of peas
or beans.

Tsubomi, shibe.
bud, the stamens and
pistils of a flower.

A

^ Kinoko.
* Mush-rooms, germs.

Saya.
pod.

A

i

J To

^^

tsuku, nozomu.

*

ascend the throne, to

come

(condescendingly).

Kizasu, moeru, mebae.
sprout, a sprout.

To

3 Makomo.
kind of rush.

A

A kind of rush.
>t

70,

Kudamono.

thicket, large.

7/an',

soshiru.

A thorn, to revile.

Fruit.
'}/

Vegetables.

Kusa, kusamura, oinaru.

* Grass, a

The chrysanthemum.

^
|

Hasu, tsubomi.
The lotus, a bud.

A

I
im

o

148
*
;

',v

;*

HisM.
The water caltrop, the
water chestnut.

'*

5 Ochiru, ochibureru.
' To
be

f

fall,
omitted,
degenerate, a village.

:*
\?

Mame.

ty Beans.
'.?

'

Ha, fuda,

jidai.

A leaf, leaflet,

period.

|* Icl.ijirushii, kiru, arawasu,

Tori, on.

A hut, to cover.

^

tsuku.

To

be clear, put on, wear,
^ publish, compose, arrive.

-v

y Daikon.
*
kind of radish.

A

*jj

r*
Horenso.
Spinach.

Kazura, kuzu, kuzununo.
kind of vine, grass-

A

cloth.

Used only

Sum ire.

for

sound.

its

A violef.
s/

i(L a Greens pickled

Fuku, kasanaru.

? To

v Tsukemono.

>;rt

roof, thatch,
piled up.

in vine-

to

be

gar.

Homuru, homuri.
J Kariyasu, shirusu.
^The name of a plant, to
write down.
*/

Tona.
Greens.

^

To

h

Kakureru, tadasu.
[rect.
To be put away, to cor-

"

Shigeru, sakan.
To be luxuriant.

^

Ukigusa.

1

Floating plants.

# Hana, hanabusa,
*
>j

To

:

utena.

A flower, the calyx.
Mugura,

shigeru.

v The Japanese hop, to be
luxuriant.
\P

Shibomu, shioreru.

;

flower.

Lettuce.

land, calamity.

4

=e_

Hana.

A

Chisa.

wazawai.
* Are-ta,

Unbroken

bury, a burial.

>

wither, droop.

Kusai yasai, karai yasai.

^ Malodorous,

or

bitter,

vegetables.
s/

o*, yomog.

The

lespedeza, mugwort.
,

oi.

Ten thousand,
iad/

many.

Oniru, ninniku.
Garlic.

Tsutsumu, homeru, shigeru.
all,

a

myr-

To wrap
luxuriant

up, praise, to

be

149
amu.

Ashi,
*A

Komuni,

To

reed, to weave.

kurai, oroka.

receive, incur, dark,

foolish.

Ashi.

A reed.

.

An
*
..

Sakan, shigeru, kusamura.
a
dense,
Flourishing,

f, hitomoji, nebuka.
onion.

thicket.

Yomogi, herasu.

The mugwort,

.

A hollyhock.

.

4

J=L V The

day-lily,

thatching

rush.

To

Medogikusa, medogi.

A kind of grass, divining
sticks.

sow, plant.
,

'

Gama, ayame.

A bulrush, the
'

a Musu,

To

;

H
#

'

matting, a mat-

v To

tamigusa.

cover, a lid, covering,
probably, for.

damp
'

Mino, ou.

A rain-coat

+ Takuwaeru, atsumeru, ya*
shinau.

of straw, to

cover.

shigeru, awatadashii.
Green, blue, luxuriant,
flurried.
.-407,

To

mushiro, shitone.

\\ Ou,futa, kasa, kedashi.
oi,

steam, to be

.

i

J,

A rush,
trass.

iris.

& and hot, numerous, the
5 people.

^v

to lessen.

Shigeru, sukan.
To be luxuriant, prosperous.

Kinma.
kind of plant.
(Konnyaku

A
><

Shiroyomogi.

White

hoard, keep
(domestic animals).

'*

Ninniku.
Garlic.

> Himeyoshi.
> A kind of reed.

save,

Oinaru, mushiro.

Kusa no

The

A

bur

(G0fr0

Large, a straw mat.

The

mugwort,

dock.

mi.

fruit of plants.

Tsubomi.

, hachisu.
lotus.

A flower bud.
Yomogi, midareru.

kind

of edible root

fr

dis-

order.

(Konnyaku ^jjH).
Atsumeru, kakusu.
To gather together, hide.

Mugwort, to be in

i,

Hasu, hachisu.

* The

lotus.

A
IW

o

150
^ Anadoru.

:r

Tsuta.

v To

*

The

slight, despise, insult.

^ Ou,

Tsuru, habikoni, karamu.
vine, to creep, spread
over, wind around.

A

<

To

ivy.

kakusn.
cover, hide.

^ Shigeni, oi, ebisu.
To be luxuriant, numer^
^ ous, a barbarian.

& Mizuna, junsai.
t The Chinese mustardplant.

,c

Shibe (o-shibe, me-shibe\

<

Th2 stamens (^^) and

Tade, shigeni.
-

The smart-weed,

to be

pistils

v luxuriant.

ttySMw.
^ Heta, hozo, heso.
1 The
calyx which remains
attached to the fruit.
[9-

'<

ft* Buckwheat.

^n
^v

Akuta kame.
a turtle used in

Filth,

v

divination.

3 Sato-kibi.
* Sugar-cane.

ter.

u Ibara, mame.
*

A thorny plant, beans.

3

Aomono, na.

A

>

y

Hiroi, torokeru, ugoku.

v

Wide, to melt, to move.

^ Warabi.

> A fern.

Greens, vegetables.

I* Shitomi, hiyoke, nazuna.
&
sun-screen, shepherd's
purse.

* Kusa,
1* Grass,
'

^* Shigeni, sakan, kusamura.
J To be luxuriant, fiourishing, a thicket.

y Su, atsumaru.
nest, to assemble.
\*

cunning.

A

Kage, ou.
v Shade, to cover.

"

zurui.

Kabura, shigeru, aretaru.
turnip, to be luxuriant,
laid waste.

\4
:

Takigi, kikori, shibakari.

* Fire-wood, a wood-cut-

$/

>/

Takigi, basho.

Fire-wood, Lananas (Ba-

4 Kusaikusa,

nioi.

v Malodorous
^ Shizuka,

grass, odor.

sabishii,

yomogi.

v Silent, quiet, calm, lonely,

;

the

A

Ajika.

A

basket used in carry-

^ Mukuge, asagao.
^ The convolvulus, morn-

ing earth.

*

mugwort.

ing-glory.

Go-bai, hanareru.

v-

Five-fold, to separate.

t

Chiisai, atsumaru.
Small, to be assembled.

151
ra Hasu-no-mi.
** Seeds of the lotus.

Kinoko.

A

mushroom.

Nioiguza.

:

A fragrant plant.

* Hajikami,

13

sloga.

'^ Ginger.

(Aburana

A

basket for carrying

earth.

karu, Mm.
^ Nagu,
To mow, cut down.

i^

,
'^r

Yawaraka,

v

tsugu.

The name

>

Straw.

of a plant.
:

>N

a

light,

merit.

5 /4.

v Indigo.

Usuifkarui, sudare.

9 Thin,

isao.

'=,

Soft, to connect.

'

Kaoru,

To be fragrant,
Wara.

r

bamboo
Kura,

screen.

A

kakiisu, osameru.

godown, storehouse,
hide, store away.

y Takigi.

to

'"Firewood.

>
>

Suge, aburana.
kind of rush, a kind of
greens.

A

Hotoke.

Buddha.

'a Shinu, owanij oi.
die (of persons
\v

To

'

of

rank), numerous.

a The
potato, tubers.

^ Nazuna.
"<

'% Onira, rakkyo.
\4 Garlic.

["X
'

*

Mizugiisa, tsumii, narau.
water plant, to pile up,
study.

J

A

v

5 Tsubomi.
flower bud.

ior), a

(to

a super-

To

chiisai,

Zemmai.

despise, small, beauti-

y Waza, ueru.
The arts, accomplishments, to plant.

^

a kind of fern.

h Fuji,

kazura.
wisteria, a vine.

t?

The

Kusuri.

4-

Azami.

:-V

1

The

\* Medicine, drugs.

thistle.

utsu-

tot.

\4

spread.

Osmund,

kushii,
ful, far.

Susiunem, shtMmono.

v To present

^

y

A

'

-t:

Karu, shiku.
borrow, spread out.

To

|^ Karonzuru,
i

4

Shepherd's purse.

y

)&

JfiL

* i
iw

152
Koke.

Magaki.

An enclosure,
miate.

a

Moss.

dai-

Hikobae, kirikabu.
on-shoot, sucker, a

Hasu, hasu-no-ne.

An

The

stump.

lotus, lotus-root.

ix

Akaza.

<

The

A

goose-foot.

y Yabu.
*
thicket.

/,

A

rise

the

name

magaki.
an enclosure.

A fence,

Tsuta, kazura.
ivy, a vine.

Ycmigaeru.

To

kind of ginger.

from the dead,

The

of a plant.

Kazura.

A vine.
The stamens and

pistils.

6 Stroke rad'cal.

a The potato, tubers.

rtll
J

H|

Tcra-gashira.
10 Characters.

H Ashi, yoshi.

A rush, reed.
3

^.
.

A/o,

tfjfl.

# Sea-weed,

duck-weed,

Tora.

embellishments.

A tiger.

Takuwaeru, tsutsumu,

To

oi.

^

store up, hide, nu-

P

merous.

u Mizugusa.
*

>
1

^

A floating

y

v

7,

.^

$>

a
r

harmonize.

toshingusa.

A kind of rush.
,

Wakai mame, mame no

;

y

Young

beans,

I

A

orchid.

To

'

just.

Ont, tokoro, sadameru.
be, a place, to manage, judge.

To

ij

3

space,

Toriko, ikedoru.

A prisoner, to arrest.
Omompdkaru,

an

tadashii.

be respectful,

sky.

bean

5 Araragi,fujibakama.
kind of plant,

v

To oppress, tyranize
over, treat with cruelty.

4 Munashii, sora.
3 Empty, in vain,

ha.

leaves.

[

Shietageru.

* Tsutsushimu,

plant.

Sakan, shigeru, yawaragu.
Flourishing, to be luxuriant, to

A tiger's stripes.

.

To

osore.

cjnsider, be anxious
about, fear.

153
Uwabami.

SiLebu, sJiirushi, okurina,
nazukeru.
To cry out, a sign, a posthumous name, to name.

The anaconda.
Mukade.

A centipede.

fCakeru, sokonau.

To

lack, want, miss, fail.

A kind of cricket.
6 Stroke radical.

Mll
Hr*
*

Mushi-hen.
124 Characters.

Tombo.

A dragon-fly.

Mushi, mamushi, doku-hebi.

An

insect,

reptile,

v

poi-

* sonous snake.

f,

y Mizuchi, meguru.

ifcil

yf\ *

conch-shell.

kuchinawa.

A snake.

A dragon, to revolve.
Tombo,

A small

ari.

Gejigeji.

A milleped.

A dragon-fly, an ant.
Shirami.

A louse.

v

Akizemi.
kind of cicada.

A

A rainbow.
a
.

lft4-/;

Abu.

iUL*

Ahorse-fly.
r

,

A

,*

maggot.

# Tarn ago*
v An egg.

9 Mamushi, kamdlnsushii.
v
viper, clamorous.
.f-

A

Mimizu.
An earth-worm.'

Nomi, hayai.

A flea, quick.

Kawazu, kaeru.

A frog.
y.,
;

Hamaguri.

v

A clam.

v

A mosquito.

4

Mimizu.
An earth-worm.

*

A spider.
Tombo.

v

Anadoru, oroka.

To

despise, foolish.

A dragon-fly.
ft

*

Mizuchi.

A dragon.
Jfc

s
Iffi

154
.-

y

Gama

noko, namekuji.

A young toad,

rf

a slug.

Mukade.

A centipede.

Hamaguri.

A clam.

A large ant.

* Inamushi,
y
*

y

semigara.

A locust, a cicada's shell.

A kind of shell-fish.

Kirigirisu, korogi.
cricket.

A

J

"'

A leech.
A bee,
>

3

A

,

wasp.

*

Hikigaeru.

A toad.

//,

A

Kiimozaru.

A spider-monkey.

miller.

gejigeji.

Long, a milleped.

9

v Imomushi.
large green caterpillar.
J

t-

A

$>

mimizu.

A dragon- fly.

no cko, hiiru.

A silk-worm

y

higurashi.

A cicada.

To crawl, an earth-worm.

Ashitakagumo, tako.
long-legged spid.er, an
octopus.

Nagai,

Honey.
Inamushi, aburamushi.
locust, the plant-louse.

-

v

Shijimi.

A kind of shell-fish.

A

Kagamaru,

To

J;au.

crouch, crawl.

Kumo.

Ohamaguri.

A large clam.

Jigabachi, kalatsuburi.
wasp, snail.

i

A spider.
Imori, tokage.

A kind

of salamander, a

lizard.

Nukegara, monukeru.

A

cast-off shell, to throw
off its skin, surpass.

neji.

Kawahori, komori.

Sanagi.

A pupa,

Kumo,

A spider, rain-bow.

chrysalis.

A bat.

155
Kawahori, komori.

Mugiivarazemi.

A small kind of cicada.

A bat.
Ebi.

A horse-fly.

A prawn.
Hill

CJ:o.

A butterfly.

3-

v

Kaeru-no-ko, otamajakushi.

Mushibamu, kakeru.
be defective, worm-

10

A fire fly.

A polly-wog.
To

Toru, tokeru, hogaraka.
To circulate, melt, thaw,
to harmonize, clear.

t? Kamakiri.
\9
mantis.

A

eaten.
>N
'

v

Harinezumi.
hedgehog.

Aburamusht.

A plant-louse.

A

f,

*

Inamushi.

A locust.
:

Mamushi.

b

\v

A viper.

A butterfly.
Katatsumuri, dedemushi.

A snail.

DedemusJti, kata'.sumuri.

Tatsu.

A dragon.

A dragon.

\

^
v

11

Korogi, kirigirisu.
cricket.

A

t Sasu, ikaru.
* To sting, be angry.

A snail.

Kakureru, hisomu.
To be hidden, confined,

Inago.
An insect that infests the
rice-fields.

A locust.

Mizuchi, amaryo.

\

Kocho.

Inamushi.

to hide, hibernate.
if

Kant no hasami, dhamaguri.

Kikui-mushi,sukumomushi.
wood-borer, grub.

A

Ugomeku.

To

wriggle.

A louse.

The claw of a

crab,

a

large clam.

* Kamakiri.
v The praying mantis.
Horagai, nina.

A conch-shell.

M
tw

156
w Kera.
?
mole-cricket.

Kant.

A

s,

v

A crab.

In ago.

A

kind

of

13

Mimizu, semi.
An earth-worm, a cicada.

insect that

infests rice-fields.

Hikigaeru.

'^

*

A

y

Kirigirisu, korogi.
cricket.

&

A toad.

Hikigaeru.
toad.

Imomushi.
*

5

A

large

A

pillar.

Tombo, kemushi.
a caterpil-

The

green

cater-

Mate.

A dragon-fly,

razor-shell clam.

lar.

Hachi, sasori.

A bee, scorpion.

A cicada.

Ugomeku.

Mushi.
Insects,

><c

*
-%

To

Shakutorimushi.

Natsuzemi.
kind of cicada.

A

The inch-worm.

Uivdbami, orochi.

The

A huge serpent.
Wadakamaru.

y To be

coiled up, tortuous, convoluted.

^3^^

jjtj^^t

ty&v

A caterpillar.

Katsuomushi.

A winged insect.
Musasabi.

The

An.

An ant.
Hae,

Kaki.

9^ ^ An oyster.

A moth.
Kemushi, iramushi.

hai.

Kamdkiri.

A mantis.

gecko.

3 Mitsu no kasu.
wjj)j&
Bee's wax.
jh|S|ix

Shi mi.

>

crawl, wriggle.

worms.

'

ix /iut

[1

flying squirrel.

wo

^flww mushi, hisago.

An insect attacking trees,
a gourd.

Ugoku, ugomeku, oroka.
^
^ To crawl, wriggle, foolish.

14

157
i* Kamikirimushi.
kind of beetle.
tj

^

A

*

y

Hachi, hokosaki.
bee, the point
spear.
a Majinau, miko.

[*

A

[

To

charm, cast a

j^-

v

i-9-

*

To boast of, sell one's self.
* Chimata,

a

sorceress.
'

Terau, uru.

of a

spell,

$
-j

*"

Kaiko.

strike against.

Mamoru, fusegu.

To

and paper.

defend, protect.

Hakaru, hakarizao,

A barbarian.

Chimata, yotsutsuji.

Oi,

be defeated, to crush,
blood from the

Koromo.

moromoro.

v Many,

all,

Clothing.

the people.
,

6 Stroke radical.

PH

cross-roads.

6 Stroke radical.
Koromo-hen.
rtl_l
-*r* 91 Characters.

hijiku, hanaji.

sprain,
nose.
j,

level,

A street,

Blood.

To

a weighing
a yoke.

weigh,

beam,

6 Stroke rad.'cal.
3 Characters.

# Yaburu,

taira-

ka, kubiki.

To

*

street,

A government office.
To

eaten, an
insect that attacks wood

Jfo

odori.

cross-roads,
road, town.

A silk-worm.
To be worm

I

A

Gejigeji, isagiyoi, akiraka.

A milleped, pure, clear.
Mushibamu, kikuimushi*

k

Tedate, waza, michi.
rule, art.

A device, trick,

Omote, arawasu, shirushi.

The

outside, front, to disshow, a sign.

close,

II Characters.

Hitoemono, eri.
unlined garment,

An
Yuku, okonau, aruku.
J>lZl^
-I \ * To step, go, do, walk,

v

act,

a row, column.

Afureru, hirogaru, shiku.
over-flow, spread,
cover with.

a

collar.
/

no nai koro-

mo.

A shirt.

To

Tanoshimu, sadamaru, ma-

m#* To

koto.

be pleased,

[truth.
settled,

Otoroeru, yowai.

To fait, degenerate, weak.
/,

The

makoto, magokoro.
inside, truth, equity.

Jfil

IW

158
4

159
Suso, hotori, sue.

Hiraku, kegoromo.
To open, fur clothing.

The skirts, hem, descendants.

Tobari, fusiima, tamoto.
bed-clothing,
sleeves.

A curtain,

Shibito ni okuru koronio.

Clothing presented to the
dead.

Hadaka, hitoemono,

Hadanugu.

slriro-

To

goromo.

Naked, an
ment.

unlined gar-

strip to the waist.

Tsutsumu.

To wrap

Kawagoromo.
Leather clothing.

Suso, mosuso.
The skirt of a garment.

Uchi, ura.
The inside, lining.

Homeru.

To

Mo, mosuso, hadagi, heri.
skirt, an
undergarment, a hem.

A

Fukuro, hizakake.

Descendents, the skirt of
a robe, a border.

The robe
^
*
*

Kasaneru, awase.

To pile up, increase, repeat, a lined garment, a
sign of plurality.

of a Buddhist
(Ke-sa
)

Kasanerut

Yutaka.

To

Abundant, fertile.
Mo, mosuso, hakama.

.

v The

skirt of a garment,
loose trousers.

^ Tsukuru, koshiraeru, tatsu.
< To make, manufacture,
cut out (clothes).
3 Hadaka.
5
Naked.

atsui.

pile up, thick.

Semai, chiisai.
Narrow, small.
Fundoshi, shitaobi, momoA. loin cloth,
trousers.

drawers,

Kegoromo, aranuno.

Fur

* The

praise.

A bag, rug.

Sue, suso, heri.

priest.

up.

clothing,

coarse

arm-pit, a sleeve.

Mutsuki.

J

A

sleeveless outer

gar-

ment.
Oginau, tasukeru, kumisu-

An infant's diaper.
Yosoou, fukuro.
adorn, a bag.

To

ru, chiisai.

To supplement,
take part in, small.

assist,

Hitoeginu.

An

unlined garment.

160
Ucliikake.

Orosu,irozameru,furubiru.
put down, to fade,

A long ceremonial robe.

To

wear

out.
Hitoe.

An

Shitone.
mattress.

unlined garment.

A

^

A

.

,

To

Shitagi, mijikai koromo.
shirt.

strip off, seize.

Stockings.

Kakageru, chijimeru.

* To

rai -e up, hoist, shrink.

Shitagi.
shirt.

A
t

Shitagi, kegareru.

* Underclothing, to be de-

Osou, kasaneru, tsugu.
attack, invade, pile
up, inherit.

To

filed.

?

,

kasaneru.

A lined

Boro.

garment, to pile

Rags.

up.

Mutsuki, maku.
*
diaper, to wind.

Wata-ire.

>\

A

A wadded garment.
Tasuki.

* Mutsuki.

v

An

A

infant's diaper.

cord used for tying

back the

sleeves.

=*

Noboru, nozoku.
lv To ascend, take away.

Uivagi,Jujin no uwagi.

An

over-garment.

Homern.

To

6 Stroke radical.

praise.

t~tU Ka-kammuri.

r

ro, tsuzure.

; Characters.

Rags.

-

Majiru, atsumaru.
mingle, gather to-

-Tr*

Qu.

To

lUr To

gether.

7Jf^
Y-\

The

collar, or neck, of a
garment.

*

cover.

Nishi.

The

west.

Kanamc, motomeru.

The

rivet of a fan, essenprinciple, important
point, to seek for.
tial,

Fusiima, uwagi.
sliding paper-door, an

A

,

over-garment.

Kimono wo tatamu,

To

Jiida.

fold clothing, a pleat.

To

fukaku

pull, reach,

wide.

shite

deep and

161
\-y
ff

,

a Au, miru.
To meet,

Ou, kutsugaesu, taosu.
cover, upset, overthrow.

v

To

see.

Mamieru, au.
* To have an
with, meet.

%.
'

Hodashi, tsunagu.
Fetters, to tie up.

\

ft

[ft

*

SMraberu, kibishii.
To examine, strict.

9

Satoru, oboeru, sameru.
To discern, learn, awake.

5 Mini.

* To look
7 Stroke radical.
1

audience

* To

7 Characters.

at, see.

Miru, mamieru.
1^-

see,

[with.

have an audience

Miru, shimesu, mie.

v To

+ Miru.
* To see.
Nori, tadasu, hakaru.
law, rule, to correct,

7 Stroke radical.

A

Tsuno-hcn.
10 Characters.

measure, compasses.

^

Motomeru.

* To seek

for.

Tsuno, kado, kisou, kurabent.

Mini.

To

A horn,

see, inspect.

To

Kageru, uramu, abaku.

To

ask, question.

To call on, question,
hear, watch, secretly.
i*

^Sakazuki,fuda.
wine-cup, placard.

A

Kannagi, miko.

A sorceress,

an enchant-

ress.

i

:*

Kuchibashi.

4

The

Friendship,
parents,
friendly.

*

To

ft

Teku,

4

affection,

to

self,

be

To

see,

To

desire,

at.

hope

hodoku,

stand.
oinaru.

A large wine-cup,

drink-

ing-horn, large.

* Sakazuki.

Negau, nozomu.
i

yurumu,

satoru.

g Osakazuki, tsunosakazuki,
,v

look

touch, reach.

explain, melt, untie,
cut up, disperse, under-

request, desire.

Miru.

of a bird.

itaru.

To

Koinegau, nozomu.

To

bill

^ Fureru,

y Shitashimu, oya, mizukara,
v
chikazuku.

i^

be deficient, resent,

divulge.

Ukagau.

y

corner, point, to

compete, compare.

^ Ukagau.
v

inspect, show,

see,

appearance.

for.

v

A wine-cup.

*

f
1
S

"I

*
* J

162
&5Plg Pure, fureru, sawani.

163

5/i^

Hakaru, shinasadameru.

164
Imashimeru.
To warn, admonish, com-

Itsuwaru, azamuku.
To lie, deceive, intrigue,
deceptive.

Ton, hakaru.
To enquire,
consult with.

Negotp, uwagoto.

sport,
cule.

Shisha

Talking in one's
delirious words.

question,

Tawamureru, azakeru.

To

mand.

-.

to ridi-

joke,

wo homeru

kotoba.

A eulogy.

>\

4

Shirusu.

To

P>li>

Imashimeru, tsugeru.
To reprove, tell.
Midareru, madou, somuku.

To

be thrown into disorder, be bewildered, be

opposed

write down, record.

Mitomeru, shitatameru.
recognize, acknow-

sleep,

to.

* Taburakasu, azamuku.
p To hoodwink, deceive.

To

^ Semeru,

ledge, write.

Chikau.
To swear, promise, vow.

*

To

^

Shiyuru.

Azamuku, umareru.
To deceive, to be born.

To

*
seduce,

invite, lead,

tempt.

accuse

wrongfully,

slander.
ij

Izanau, sasou.

To

shikaru.

reproach, scold.

Tsugeru.

To

tell,

inform.

Yoroshii.

Good.

Kataru, kotoba.

pp To tell, relate,

Eauiv. |

language,

words.

Who.

Truth, sincerely, indeed.

Hakaru, wariateru.

To

fix,

allot,

tax, a les-

son, task, bureau.

To explain, preach, re4 late, doctrine, op nion.
-*

:

9
4

O shieru, satosu.
To teach, instruct.

v Yomu,
v

To

tonaeru, soranzuru.
recite from

read,

To

slander, revile.

Shiraberu, totonoeru.
To examine, adjust, regulate, a tune.

Hetsurau.

memory.

To

flatter.

Ayamaru.

To make
commit an

a

mistake,

error.

Kataru, hanasu.

To

tell,

relate.

165
Kou, negau, ukeru.

To

ask, beg, invite, receive.

v

arasou.
To discourse, discuss,
disdispute, argument,
course.

omou.
SH# lu,
To say, think.
Okurina.

452*^

A

,

Hetsurau.

To

Shiyuru, itsuwaru.
* To slander, to lie.
><

The words
T,

;fr

of a superior.

To

revile, abuse.

/

.*

hint at, allude to.

Isameru.
'

* Isameru, arasou.
* To remonstrate

flatter.

Totonou, yawaragu, kanau.
To be in order, in harmony, to suit, be fitting.

Honomekasu.

Nonoshiru.

* To

posthumous name or

title.

To

admonish,

remon-

strate with.

[strive.

with,

Ukagau, saguru.
spy out, search.

To

Tou, hakaru.
To enquire, plan.
,

Hakaru, tazuneru.

To

^ Makoto, tasukeru, omoiv
yaru.
Truth, to help, sympathize with.

.

'

Itsuwaru.

'

To lie.

consult with, enquire.

Kamdbisushii, itsuwaru.
To be clamorous, to lie.
Oboeru, soranjiru.
learn by heart, recite

To

from memory.

Nengoro.
Polite, cordial, patient.

ifOp jf Habakarazu iu.
P*if * To speak without

re-

serve.
Satosu, tsugeru, tatoe.

To

admonish, advise,
a comparison.

Akiraka, tsumdbiraka, akirameru.
Clear, minute, to be resigned.

in-

struct,
Is/

a

\rf

v

;*

*

Moromoro,

kore,.

All, various, this.

Kotowaza.
proverb.

A

kakusu, imina.
sa* Imu,
To dislike, hide, a

post-

humous name.
Mamieru, mosu.
have an audience

Ukegau, kotaeru, yurusu.
consent, agree with.

To

To

with, state,

tell.

Hakaru, hakarigoto.
To plot, plan, scheme,

Soshiru, nikumu.

consult with, a plan.

To slander,

s

revile, hate.

Iffl

166

^v Oroka, tawagolo, oinaru.

$ Herikudaru.

v To be humble.

:

a Tokiakasu, narau.
* To explain, practice, in-

Foolish, a jest, large.

In Todomeru, tsutsushimu.

v

To

check, reverence.

vestigate, study.
s/

**

Kotowaru, wabiru,

rei

wo

noberu.

To

'# Tsumisuru, togameru.
\* To
condemn,
blame,
banish.

apologize, thank.
Utau.

* Utau.
9 To sing.

To

*

Anadoru, azamuku.

Negotp, uwagoto.
v Talking in one's sleep,
delirious words.

.v Proof,

spoit, trifle, joke.

Ufa, utau.

A poem, to sing.
fc

,j/

Yttsuraka, shizuka.

r*

Nazo.

t

*

;s>

A riddle.

\

h

v

\

>4-

copy.

I*

Domoru, iadashii kotoba.
To stammer, just words.

:
'

'

_

:*

Hakaru, Jmkarigoto.
To deliberate, a plan.
(Indian

rubber,

!

Gomu

I*

Tsutsushimu.

To be reverential, circum-

Soshiru, uttaeru.
revile, accuse.

Itsuwaru.
To lie, deceive.

4r

Kawaru, kamabisushii.

^

To change, clamorous.

# Hanashi, oinaru.
v A story, large.
Itsuwaru.

Ayamari.
W An
error, mistake.
\\?

>

Shiru, shirusu.
To know, jot down.

v To

Utsusu.

To

\).

Soshiru.
To slander.

,

v Peaceful, quiet.
:

despise, deceive.

shirushi.
^ Akashi, evidence.

* Tawamureru.

J To

To

sing.

To

lie.

Imashimeru,
^
'4 To

warn,

admonish,

instruct.

spect.

'* Shiwabuki.
'* Clearing the throat.

;

\

Hakaru, arasou.

To

debate, discuss.

-^ 167
Toku, wake.
explain,

To

*

translate,

meaning.
-fe

To

illustrate,

ple,

comparison.

an exam-

*

A

defi-

ance.

fused.
S>

Tawagoto.

Shirusu.

yield.

5 Soshiru, azamuku, shiyuru.

* To

down, a record,

jot

Yuzuru.

? To

Delirious, or silly, words.

To

fear, dislike.

Sakamori, katari-au.
feast, to talk together.

y Uttaeru, soshiru.
* To accuse, slander,

Kamdbisushii, midareru.
^ Clamorous, to be con-

*

v

Osoreru, imu.

To

Tatoeru, tatoe.

f-fe

An enemy, to be avenged.

revile, deceive, slander.

chronicle, tune, note.

^ Mamoru.
rf

4-

v

I*
,

To

Homare, homeru.

Tawagoto.

Renown,

Silly talk, delirious words.

to praise.

Yorokobu, kamdbisushiL

Semeru, shikaru.

To

To

reprimand, scold.

Homeru.

,y

To

To

To

o

0/0

wo

prophe *y.

I'M.

Cow. /.

praise.

Tadashii kotoba.
Just words.

Cow./:

praise.

Sflfo'

rejoice, clamorous.

Homeru.

Yomu.

To read.

>+

I

To prophesy, a prophecy.

defend, protect.

F3
^Pj

Nikumu, uramu, soshiru.
hate, to be displeased

To

with, to revile.

v Shallow.

7 Stroke radical.
Tani-hen.
3 Characters.

tsumi.
;# Semeru, togameru,
attack, blame, sin.
\9

To

[-^
r

*

Kawaru.

To

change, a phenome-

Tanit ya.

A valley.

non.
Tani.

mukuyuru.
enemy, to be avenged.

ij/

/IJa,

:

An

A

valley with water, a
rivulet

* M
ffi

168
Hogaraka, munashii, toru.
Bright, empty, to com-

.

A pig.

prehend.

*

A

wild
puddle.

7 Stroke radical.
Mame-hen.

7 Characters.
h

^

boar, a

pig,

a

pea.

ylw/, tianzo.

*

An

7 Stroke radical.

introductory exclamation, how ?

Af/&w-*i.
i

* Sasdge.
The cow-pea.
Soramame.

^
*

-

o Characters.

^/ mushi.

Reptiles.

Broad beans.
Tatsu, wakai shimobe.
To stand, a young

A leopard.

ser-

* Yamainu, musaboru.

vant.

^

A wild dog, to

covet.

toyo.

? Ten.

Fertile, abundant.

tf

x Tsuyayaka,
*>'

mizuda-

erally, previously.

A bean,

Yutaka,

buta,

g Arakajime, kanete.
Beforehand, roughly, gen-

Mame.

*

*

Inoshislri,

kaoyoi.

A marten, sable.

Glossy, beautiful.

A barbarian.
7 Stroke radical.

* Kedamono no shurui.
v
kind of strong animal.
*
< Mujina, ebisu.

A

Iiioko-heH.

8 Characters.

* The

A pig, hog.
v

A pig, hog.

^

Katachi, katadoru,

^ Shape,

v

copy,
phant, a law.

Shape, form, appearance,

an

Tanuki, uzumeru.

to

A badger, to bury.

ele-

Yashinau, inu to buta.
nourish, a dog and
a pig.

Kedamono no

A

y To

ft

^

badger, a barbarian.

Kdtachi, kao, arisama, haruka.
far off.

okite.

appearance,
imitate,

.>

>;

Sugureru, tsuyoi.
Excellent, powerful.

t

t

tagui.

kind of strong animal.

-Vr*

3 -^5l\

^\ MH

7 Stroke radical.
Kai-hen.

71 Characters.

169
X
*

Kai.

>*JSm.

A shell.

i
,

? Tadas fiit.
1 Upright, chaste.

^
,^

Ou, somuku, makeru, yoru.
carry on the back, a

To

debt, to receive,
disobey, lose, rely on.

load,

,

To

!

buy.

IVaku, yaburu.
boil, break.

To

Iwau, yorokobu.
To congratulate, be glad.

^? Kaeru, akinau.
To

exchange, trade.

Wealth, property.

Haru.
'a Mitsugi.
,tf

To

Tribute, a tax.

u Mazushii.
* Poor.
,

y Musaboru.
f To covet,

Tsuiyasu,

desire.

To

^

Hisagu, uru.

."

To

peddle,

degrade,
minish.

y Tsuranuku.

k

>.

To

pierce through, connect, pervade, an aux-

numeral.

+ Takuivaeru.
store up, lay up.

t Morau.
4

To

retire,

di-

Nokosu, okuru.
To leave, present.

sell.

Aganau, takara.
redeem, wealth.

To

,

*

lend.

To

L* Seme, semeru, togameru.
- An ordeal,
responsibility,
% duty, to torture, torment.

To

tsuie.

Otosu, shirizokeru, herasti.

^ Wealth, property.

3

a dose of

To spend, waste, expense.

Takara.

iliary

stick on,

medicine.

gn *

Ataeru, okurimono.
give, a present.

VVL J To

Yatou, karu.
hire, to

To

rent,

rent*

wages, fare.
Mainai, takara.
bribe, wealth.

A

receive.

Futatsu, soeru.

Two,

to add.

Nusubito, sokonau, korosu.
robber, rebel, to in-

A

jure, kill.

Tattoi, takai.

Kau, akinau, uru, akindo.

Excellent, valuable, dear,
your.

merchant.

To

buy,

*

trade,

.#

sell,

a

* a
& e
Iffl

o

170
Tasukeru, takara, moto.
help, wealth, prop-

,

s/

To

P

Mainai, mainau.

? Tamau, ataeru.
4 To confer, bestow.

A present, bribe, to bribe.
N?

To

nigiwasu.
blessings

><;

bestow

Nigiwau, nigiwasu.

v To be

to help with alms.
ti

*

Marodo.

Kakeru.

A guest.

\*f

Karu,

kasu,

ogoru,

toi,

g>

borrow, lend, be ex-

Tamau.

To give a present on an
occasion of mourning.

=

Aganau, kau.
To ransom, atone, pur-

v

give (used of a su-

chase.

perior).

Kaerimode.
^ Presenting thank-offerings at a temple.

>& Tamau,
,

p

nie.

v

A bribe.
T To

Okurimono,

A present, offering.

6 Okuru.

travagant, far, slow.

Mainai.

I

gamble.

5 Yoru, tanomu.
4 To rely on, request.

osoi.

To

bet,

^To

Mukuiru.
To recompense.
^s/

make

Mitsugi, shiku, kubdru.
Taxes, to compose poetry, spread, distribute.

crowded,

bustling,

Tsukunau, oginau.
indemnify, to
up a deficiency.

To

*

cause to prosper.
$/

bless-

ings upon.

erty, riches, capital.

^ Megumu,

Tamau, megumu.
confer, bestow

To

yomisuru, tama;#00.
To give to an inferior,
reward, approve, a prize.

9-

Kasuka, fukaiy okufukai.

* Dim, deep, profound.

J^ lyashii.
t

y Low, mean, humble.

;*

C/rw.

,*

To

a Soeru, okuru, masu.
To add to, send, increase.

9_

Okuru.
give a present on an
occasion of mourning.

sell.

To

^v Kashikoi, sugureru.
Clever, to excel.

,

Muda,

1

sunao.
Umaretsuki,^ tadasu,
>v Natural disposition, to
a
enquire,
pledge, plain,
s/

,

,

To

praise.

second,

Com. f.

^

excessive,

a wen, knob.

material.
;$ Tasukeru, homeru.
v
assist, help,

kobu.

Superfluous,
Nie.

A

religious

present
ing.

offering,

made when

a

call-

171
py Okuru.

*

;

;).

*

t

[ft

v

.

To

7,

To

send, present.

a spark, red.

Tasukeru, homeru, susumu.
assist, help, second,
praise, to go forward.

To

Aka, akai.

Red.

Nise, niseru.
f,

Counterfeit, spurious, to
counterfeit.

7_Stroke radical.
So-nyu.
12 Characters.

to

cause to flourish.

i Amari,
4

katsu,

makeru, mi-

y Hashiru.
run.

v To

chiru.

Tsugeru, omomuku.
go, reach.

A

superfluity, to conquer, gain, to fill up.

To announce,

Chikara.
Strength, to strengthen.

To

Hanamuke,

Tatsu, okoru, okosu.

A present to

one depart-

origi-

Takedakeshii, tsuyoi.

koto, nu-

Koeru, odorikosu.
pa^s over, leap over,
surpass.

sumimono.

To

bribe, stolen goods.

:^ Aganau.
9 To redeem, atone.

Koeru, kosu.
pass over, cross over.

To

\

.

to raise,

Bold, strong.

Mainai wo okuru

To

rise,

nate.

sembetsu.

ing.

*)?

akatsuchi.

Red, red earth.

5 Damasu, sukasu, eru.
C To deceive, hoax, get.
V
m
^ Tasu, sukuu, nigiwasu.
v To supplement, help,

kagayaku, akai.

be angry, to shine,

Nise, itsuwari, niseru.

v Counter,

false,

to count?/

erfei f .

a

Tadazumu, yukinaydmu.

To

stand

still,

be

dis-

tressed to go.
7

Stroke radical.

6 Characters.

^4^, akai.
Red.

%*

To

become

ashamed.

To run,

s/

Omomuki, omomuku, una-

*

forgive, pardon.
# Akaku naru, hajirau.
red,

feel

Hashiru, ou, koeru.
chase, pass over.

"

*

*
* To
v

$,

*/

*

gasu.
Purport, to run, go, urge.

Tadazumu.

To

stand

still.

Hashirut sumiyaka.
To run, quick.

a
1*

M

172
Subayashii.

12

Quick-witted,

fast.

7 Stroke radical.

*-! Ashi-hen.

M

fc

I"*

M
*

foot,

leg,

K=

extend

across.

76 Characters.

make up

A trace, clue.

v Matagaru.
* To
straddle,

A road, path.

AsJii, tariru, tasu.

A

Ato.

to suffice,

a lack.

Ashi-no-ko, agura-kaku.
The instep, to sit cross-

legged.

a

Kibisu.

> The heel.
* Hizamazuku.

To

kneel.

Ashimoto, ato.

fit' The

feet,

remains.

/,

B

f,

hadashi.

^ Barefooted.

Tsumadatsu, hau.
To stand on tip-toe, creep.
hedateru.

To reach, cross over, be
distant from.

*

Ashioto.

9

The sound of steps, joyful.
Odoru, tobiagaru.
dance, leap.

* To

Atoshizaru, tadazumu.
a To
go backward, stand
j/

To

still.

y To

pass through, to dis-

tinguish.

* Yoromeku.
stagger, reel.

/./. )0S

Hizamazuku.

To

? Sugiru, tsumazuku.
* To cross over, go beyond,

kneel.

stumble.
*

^ Fumu.
* To tread.

The

shin.

a Odoru.

* To

leap, dance.

Ashikumu.

To

cross the legs.

Ashi-no

The
-^
fc

J Sekugumaru.
y To be bent over in the

ko.

back.

instep.

Ashinae, bikko.

A cripple,

a lame person.

5 Odoru, yoromeku.
To dance, stagger,

'P

;^r

The

sole of the foot.

?

totter.

Fumu,

To

tread on, trample on.

173
* Uzukumaru, koshikakeru.
3 To
squat down, sit down.

& Masaru,
y

To

4-

v

\

;

stand

A cripple,

10

lame.

Fumitagau, tsumazuku.
To misstep, stumble.

hitoritatsu.

be superior,

Ashinae, chimba.

'.

alone.

* Fumu.
v To tread, trample

Tachimotoru.
To roam about.

A

Ashinae.

A lame person.

.^.

v
9 Kurubushi.
y The ankle bones.
fe Fumu.
y To tread

on,

fulfil,

it Sashiashi, nukiashi.
* Stealthy steps.

as-

A foot-print, trace.

*

Kagamu, tsumazuku.
To bend down, stumble.

y Ashiato, ato.
5 Foot-prints, a clew.
Y Yoromeku, koeru.
stagger, cross over.

^ To
over.

Chimba wo

Taosu, taoreru.
4 To push over, to fall over.

><,

57

Kibisu, kakato, shikiri ni.
.5 The heel, constantly.

oc^ Hizume.
hoof.

A

a Odoru.
\v

Ugoku, hashiru.
run.

To move,

cend.

k* Kagamaru.
S y To be bent

I

on.

<* Komichi.
;4
path.

To

To

To

tread upon.

cross over.

Fuminijiru.

To

To

crush under foot.

wo

limp.

^ Ashiura.
* The sole of the
,,
^

"9

foot.

Z5ri.

A sandal.

t Todomeru,

leap, dance.

FMWM.

hiku, bikko

hiku.

sakibarai.

To

check passage, payment in advance.

^ Chijimaru, semaru,

5

chika-

zuku, shikameru.
To shrink, press close,
draw near, make a wry
face.

6 Semaru.
* To be crowded.

*

a

174
f-

Tamerau.

a To

I ij

Fumu, fuminijiru.

P To tread,

hesitate.

crush with the

foot.
'

Mizukaki.

\

Web-foot.

>y

Uzukumaru.

[^ Yoromeku,

\*

^ To squat down, crouch.
\* Tsumazuku,
korosu.
i?

To

stumble,
turned, roll.
\* Ashi
\*

i

5'

i*

> Fumu, noboru, ou.
\*

wo takaku ageru

7 Stroke radical.

9 Characters.

ka-

s^

* Mi, mizukara.
The body, one's

kick, tread on.

a
I

stand

Com.

Hadaka.
Naked.
Shitsuke.

;

Instruction in politeness,
culture.

Ashinae.

A cripple.

(V Odoru, noboru.
I* To leap, dance, ascend.

^jpv

Kuguse, semushi.

?

A hunchback.

*

Aft,

mukuro, karada.

The body.

Tamerau.

To

Directly, by and by, soon,
presently, shortly.

hesitate.

^ Noboru.
4

To

ascend.

7 Stroke radical.

^ Tadazumu, tachimodoru.
*

|f

hesitate.

:

y|i*.

f.

4 M*, karada.
v The body.

Sawagu, awatadashii.
To be stirred up, excited.

,*

sub-

person,

still.

r

r-s

The body,

stance, appearance.

Tamerau.

To

self.

? Karada, katachi.
4

*.+

self.

raise the feet.

* Tadazumu.
*

To

Mi, mizukara.
I, myself,

v The body,

Keru,fumu.

To

tread, ascend, cover.

Mi-hen.
rtU
M r*

over-

tachi.

To

To

kutsugaeru,

be

mau.

To stagger, circle around.

To stand

still,

Tsumazuku.

To

stumble.

turn back.

Kuruma-hen.
52 Characters.

Kurutna.

A wheel, carriage.

175
r
*

Kishiru.
To grate, scrape.

oguruma.
a large car-

A

basket,
riage.

^ Ikusa, moromoro.
* War, all.

^

*

* Karui,

A rut, track, line.

Tasukeru.

To

assist, rescue.

karonzuru.

1 Light, to

make

light of.

* The eaves of a

^ Tayasui, sunawachi.
? Easy, that is.

* Yawaraka.
Soft, weak.

* To

house, an
anxiliary numeral.

^ Hiku, kuruma wo hiku.
pull, draw a carriage.

A yoke.
Makimono,

Kuruma, narabu,

]*

noru.

A carriage, aux. numeral,

v

to be arranged, ride.

shingi.
axis, axle-

A stem, stick,

Hikari, kagayaku.
Light, to shine.

tree.

Karui, karonzuru.
Light, to make light of.

.\s
.

Fushtawase.
Unfortunate.

Teguruma.

v An Imperial

:^

Tomogara,

.4

Companions,
'

Megurtit ugoku, korogu.
To revolve, move, roll.

4 Sugiru, tsuku, okasu.
v To pass beyond, to strike,
violate.

carriage.

tagui.

comrades,

we."

Wa, meguru.

A ring, wheel, to revolve.
jf

Nagae no

hashi.

<

The end

of a

carriage

shaft.

^ Kurdberu, yaya.
*

To

compare, examine,
somewhat, tolerably.

+ Noseru,
<

J Fumu,

kishiru.

y To

tread, grate against,
creak.

toshi.

To place on

Niguruma.

record, load,

A

year.

wagon, baggage wa-

gon.

^Low.

=)

~J
**

Mikuruma, oinaru,

% The Imperial
large.

carriage,

=r

Tayasui, sunawachi.
Com. /.
Easy, that is.

^

Todomaru, yamu.

? To

stop, cease.

IM

176
y Yawaragu, atsumeru,
^ merit.

osa-

Midareru, musiiboreru.

To

be thrown into confusion, to be tangled.

To

appease, soften, collect, compile, edit, pay in.

y

Fushiawase.
Unfortunate.

Itasu, okuru, hakobu.

* To

do, send, carry, transport.

Todoroku.

To

4 Karui.
Light.

Kutsuwa, tazuna.

A

Kuruma no ya.
y The spokes of

\y

a wheel,
to gather together.

\

**v

Atsumaru.
To assemble.

<=i

Koshiki.

^

The hub

*it

Tsukasadoru, kusabi.

'*

To

ly

rumble.

bit, rein,

bridle.

Kishiru.

To grate,
door).
Kuruma

creak

a

(as

no michi.

A wagon rut.

of a wheel.

Kishiru.

To

grate against, creak.

have jurisdiction over, a wedge.
rule,

[? Kishiru,

7 Stroke radical.
10 Characters.

meguru.

> To grate, revolve.
/ftv/iz,

A

Karai, itamashii, kanoto.

<?.

Pungent,

palanquin, to place
, cover, the public.

bitter, painful,

the 8th calendar sign.
'

x Nagae.
\* The shaft
^
v

Utsuru,

Tsumi, toga.

'"

of a carriage.

korobu,

marobu,

^ Sakeru, saru, mesu.
* To avoid, depart, call.

utata.

To

revolve, change,

more and more.
jw
\*

A sin, fault.

9 Karai, sugoi.
v Bitter, awful.
Kotoba, kotowaru.

Kurumaki.

A pulley.

fall,

(Rokuro

A word, to refuse, decline,
bid farewell.

? Wadachi,

*

ato.

A rut.

Wakatsu, wakimaeru,

to-

dasu.

*
>j

JS^gw.

A sedan chair.
Todoroku, kishiru.

v To rumble,

grate.

To

discriminate, discern,
argue, correct.

Tsutomeru, sonaeru.
labor, offer, prepare.

To

177
Kotoba, kotowaru.
Language, to refuse, resign, bid fare well.

^ Meguru.
v To go

Kuinu, rnaton.
To braid, to twine round.

Wakimaeru,

g>

Hayai, sumiyaka.

y Quick,

fast.

* Ayumu, tadoru.
^To walk, grope
way.

y Mukaeru, au.
^ To go out to

7 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.

one's

meet, wel-

come, meet.

* Chikai.
v Near.

toki.

The dragon, the
zodiacal sign, time.
Hazukashimeru,

patrol,

ta-

arasou,

To discriminate, discern,
argue, correct.

Tatsu,

round,

travel.

fifth

Totemo,

tote,

tomo.

By no means,

katajike-

although,

because.

nai, haji.

To shame, disgrace,
thankful, obliged, shame.
Tagayasu, tatsukurL

^

To

* Meguru, mawaru.
^ To revolve, go around.

v

cultivate, agriculture.

-Vr*

7 Stroke radical.
JL SMn-nyu.

JK
Ml"* 107 Characters.

Kaeru, kaesu.

To

return, to restore.

Used only for

+ Hashiru, tatazumu.
y To run, stand still.

its

sound.

Semaru, isogu.

*|14

To press upon, urge, to
hasten.

Tsugi.

A cross-road.

*
^

Komi, komu.
crowd, to put

A

crowd

it

into.

-s Hotori, atari.

^

into,

*
Com.

/.

jg

Side, place, region.

* Utsuru.
^ To move, remove,
fer.

\
*

^i^ To,

as far as, till, by, to
reach, extend to.

state, relate, follow.

Nogareru, nigeru.
run away. Com.f.

To

Tstiranaru,

naname

$

ni

yuku.

To

trans-

Com.f.&

7o/, mawaridoi.
Far, round about.

Noberu, shitagau.

To

be connected, go ob-

liquely.

^ SusumUffumu, michi.
* To advance, tread, a road.

^

Jo/, haruka.
Far, distant.

a
ffi

178
Tot, haruka, hikari.
Far, light.

Ou, oikakeru, shitagau.
chase, follow, obey.

To

Tagai ni, kawarugawaru.
Mutually, in turn.

JS?

r

Todomaru.

Oyobu, itaru.
To reach, extend to.

*

To

h

Toru, kayou, kayoi,

Mayou.
To go

V To pass through, go to
and fro, a street, pass-

astray,

be

be-

wildered.

On, shitagau,

To

otte.

s/

follow, pursue, sup-

plement, by and by.

To

withdraw,

* Quick,

be arranged in a row,
to unite, a companion,
continually.

itaru.

create, build,

to reach.

w Meguru.
To go round, circulate.

-b

Burabura to aruku.

V To

Meguri-au, yorokobu.

^
'

unexpectedly,

rejoice.

saunter, ramble, loaf.

Nogareru, nigeru.
To escape, run away.

h Sukitoru, toru.

* To be

Tachimotoru.
To roam about.

^

ato.

4

^
* Hodobashiru,
splash,

shirizokeru.

scatter,

v

to

Michi, tadachi

ni.

A path, straight, soon.
Shirizoku,
shizaru,
shizari-suru.

To

withdraw,

nanji.

-k

to say, you.

-f

ato-

go back-

wards.

repel.

is

to

transparent,
pass through.

* Foot-prints, remains.

That

Au, mukaeru, yuruyaka.
To meet, lenient.

V To make,

JO?

^To
*

tsure,

shikiri ni.

* Tsukuru,

send, escort.

?,

fast.

Tsuranaru, awaseru,

To

run away.

Okuru, yaru, tsukawasu.

'

^

v

Nogareru, nigeru.

To meet

creep, meet.

retire.

sakamotoru,
Sakarau,
sama.
To be contrary to, to disobey, upside down.

To

tori.

book, thoroly.
Hau, mukaeru.

^ To crawl,

\s

To

stop.

y Sumiyaka, hayai.

Shirizoku, hiku.

.

A road.

h

Shinu, yuku, saru.
To die, go, depart.

179
? Takumashii.

Motoru, tagau.

^ Powerful.

To

*

r

Meguru, mawari, amaneku.
* To go round, all, everywhere, circumference.
s/ Susumu, noboru, tsutomeru.
* To advance, be promos/

-fe

j(

v

To

lose,

make

1g

Semaru.

y

To

aya-

press, urge.

^ Ukagau,
4

to chase.

Nogareru, ntgeru, tagai

often.

Koeru, tot.
To cross over, far.

a mistake, escape.

saguru, sasuga.
question, seek, as one
might have expected,
even such, nevertheless.

To

ni.

v To escape, flee, together.
Naname ni yuku.

To go

fc

be impetuous,

\ Oyobu, ou.
* To reach,

Sumiyaka, skibashiba.

v Quickly,

ted, to give, serve.

Ushiuau,
hayaru,
matsu, nogareru.

oppose, differ.

X Amaneku, meguru.
,^

The whole, everywhere.

diagonally.
'

h

Ntgeru, nogareru.
escape.

* To run away,
;*

ni, owaru.
accomplish, finally,

r Yamu, todomaru,
v To stop, cease.

f

Togeru, tsui

* To

Haruka,

taeru.

tot.

Far, distant.

,

to finish.

y Au, tamatama,

To

meet,

motenasu.

meet

unex-

pectedly, occasionally, to
entertain.
4 Asobu, tanoshimu.
v To play, amuse one's
self, travel for pleasure.

J
i?

Michi.
road,

A

[ciple.

Leisure.

^ Semaru, tachimachi,

* To

katai.

press, quickly, hard.

.<4/>/w.

* Hakobu, meguru.
v To transport, revolve,
fortune, chance.
* Sugiru, yogiru, ayamachi.
? To exceed, pass by, a
fault, mistake, a strong
degree (chem.).

/towfl.

Splendid, admirable.
X.

&

Haruka,

Far

off,

tot.

distant,

indis-

tinct.

x
*

Toi,

amaneku.

Far, everywhere.

doctrine, prin-

, tsukaivasu.
give, send, transmit

Itaru, toru, todokeru, araivareru, togeru.

To

To

Herikudaru, shitagau.
To humble one's
follow.

reach, pass through,
to forward, to excel, appear, to complete.

self,

,1

M

180
Tsugiba, kawaru, tagai ni.
to change,
together, by turns.

Meguri-au, yorokdbu.
unexpectedly,

A post-town,

To meet
rejoice.

Sakanoboru.

Yuku, sugureru, dim.

To go

against, trace
to its source.

Yuku, itaru,
kanau.

To
ly,
-

go, excel,

Haruka,

tamatama,

grow

old.

tot.

Far, distant.

go, reach, occasionalto suit.

Niwaka, awatadashii,

osc-

reru.

Au.

To
/

To

up

Quick, flurried, to fear.
meet.

Mukaeru, maneku.
To go to meet, welcome,

Saegiru, todomeru.
To intercept, put a stop

invite.

to.

Okufukai.

Osoi, okureru.

.

V Late, slow,

^

Chikai, chikazuku.

Asobu.

v To
.

Profound, deep.

to be late.

play,

amuse

Near, to draw near.

oneself.

Nogareru, nigeru.
escape, abscond.

Hotori, atari.
Side, place, region.

* To
r

;

^

Shitagau, narau.

v To follow, obey,

to learn.

I* Haruka, toi, anadoru.
\* Distant, far, to contemn.

;* Utsuru.
"
r

^ To move, remove,

Meguru, shinobu.
To go around, conceal,
keep secret.

trans-

fer.

Nokosu, tishinaUfWasureru,
okuru.

v

To

leave

behind,

lose,

7 Stroke radical.
Ozato-hen

forget, send, bequeath.

t Erabu, eru.
* To choose,
v

Mr*

mu.
revolve, to surround.

Sakeru.

To

22 Characters.

select.

Megiiru, megurasu, kako-

To

r-tU ^

4 Mura,ozato
~*

A village, city, capital.

y; Hakaba.
v
cemetary

A

escape from, avoid.

f Kaeru, kaesu, mcguru, tsuv knnau.
To return, go round,
indemnify.

(figurative).

*

Nanzo, nani, ano.

*

A country, nation.

How, why,

that.

181
lyashii, hina, indka.

Yokoshima, ka, ya.

Wicked,

evil,

wrong, an

Mean, low, humble,

interrogative particle.

tic,

y Mura.

^ Nengoro.

* A village.

4 Kindly, polite.

?

v

4

-fftfft

Yashiki.

>j

A mansion, residence.
Mizu no

na,

Tonari, tonaru.

A neighbor, neighboring,
to adjoin.

no na.

yama

Pt> 5' The name of a

rus-

the country.

river,

a

7 Stroke radical.

country.

Hiyr.

m

i- 11 o-tori.

Koyom i-no-tori.

% No, indka.
v The country, suburbs.

48 Characters.

4 Kobashii, sakan.
*
Fragrant, flourishing.

v

The

bird, the tenth zodi-

acal sign.

5 Otoko.
'*

A man, a complimentary

4

term for males.

s/

y

*

A district, country.

x Sekku no na.
4 The name of

1^
IJ

a season.

Aogu, hitna, sukima.
look up, leisure,

To

a

To

be drunk.

Tsukasa, osa.

A

chief, leader.

Kumu, hakaru.

To

dip out, or ladle,
weigh, consider.
Kubaru.
To distribute, marry.

crevice.

Japanese beer, liquor.

Wakatsu, kumi.
a section,
divide,
bureau, copy of a book.

To

* Kuruwa.
? An enclosure, a

Strong liquor, alcohol.
Sumizake.
Clear sake.

fortifi-

cation.

4 Tsugtba,
tf

eki.

A post-station, mail.

>* Tashinamu, tanoshimu, fu~
keru.
t^

v To be fond

of,

addicted

to.

Miyako,

subete.

^ 5, wukuiru.
* Vinegar, to reciprocate.

A capital, all.
5

A village, previously.

a
t

To

sell,

buy.

a
s
I*
ffl

182
1,

Sameru.
To awake, become sober,

Takcnawa.

v At

the height, the acme.

fade.
y

Chichizake.

The skin formed on

milk,

cream.

*1

You.
1 To be drunk.
1>
\y.

5 Chichishiru.
y Cream, cheese, the syrup
of boiled fruits.

'

y Mukuiru.
6

To

repay, give back.

Shishibishio, shiokarai.

L* Salted meat, salty.
j^ Minikui, ashii, nikumu.
)y Ugly, bad, to hate.
[#

Kamosu.

L*'

To

Mugoi, hanahadashii.
FI * Cruel, very, painful,

Clear 5rt^, a thick, rich,
cream-like liquor.

cause to ferment.

ft Shtokara, hishio.
4 Salted fish, pickles.

la-

mentable.

Yamai wo

'

:

.

I*

Sake wo nonde tanoslrimu

A

koto.

Pleasure from drinking.

Usui sake, shiru.
soup.

,

'

Sake, sake no moto.
Liquor, yeast.

to

Weak sake,

I

Pickles.

Sake no moto, sakekasu.

* The materials of

iyasu koto ivo
ivaza to suru mono.
doctor.

sake,

dregs of sake.

f

5 Nigorizake

r# Unrefined

Su, sui.

* Vinegar,
;*

wo

sour.
:*

YOU.

To brew

* To be drunk.
ai

^
><;

Shiozuke, tsukemono.
Salted, pickles.

Moromizake.

futatdbi

kamosu

^to.

a second time.

r.v

SM, 5/.

u^f

Vinegar, sour.

jit

Nigai.

I* Bitter.

4 Unstrained

Matsuri no na, tsukusu.

Kokizake, moppara.

A kind of religious

Strong

val, to

sake, completely.

Mukuiru, su.
To recompense, vinegar.

do thoroly.

Amazake, hitoyazake.

Sweet

sake.

festi-

183
Rin.

% Sakekau.
3 To buy sake, contribute.
& You, tanoshimu.
[ed.

v To be

A

No,

intoxicated, pleas-

To requite,

*

,

float.
>

Nomitsukusu.
drink up.

f

Chinuru, chimatsuri, suki-

ma,

kizu.

To smear

iyashii.

Hakaru, masume, kasa.
To weigh, estimate, measuring, bulk, quantity.

To
31

of a

the country.

urge.

5 Ukabu.

* To

^

A moor, wild, rustic, low,

& Mukuiru, susumeru.

?

copper coin,

with blood, a

blood offering, a crevice,

Osameru, tamau, sujtmichi,
chiisai.

To

regulate, give, right,

justice, small.

wound.

6 Kamosu.
J To brew.

8 Stroke radical.
Kane-hen.
129 Characters.

7 Stroke radical.
i Nogome-hen.

r-i

Rr*

Kane, kogane.
Gold, metal, money.

4 Characters.

^

Wakatsu.

<

To

1

Tsuya, hikari.

it kugiutsu.

y To divide, distinguish.
* Toru, erabu, irodoru.
take, choose,
paint.

v Gloss,

color,

lustre.

Toku, hanatsu, satoru.
unfasten, set free,
understand. (Shaka

To

7 Stroke radical.
1

1 Sato-hen.

Mr1 6 Characters.
.

A Japanese mile, 2\ miles
(English), a village.

* Omoi, kasanaru, tatlobu.
? Heavy, important, to be
up,
repeatedly,
piled
double, to honor.

A nail, to nail.
Kama.

A boiler, cauldron.
Han.

A needle.
Botan.
button, stud.

A

To

fish.

Udewa.

A

bracelet.

Kanzashi.
hair ornament.

A

Nibui, oroka.
Dull, blunt, foolish.

Kiru, kezuru, chona.
To cut, scrape, an adze.

* *

184

~
-K"47,

:

An

Kane.
kind of gong.

Utsusu, kasumeru, torn.
copy, seize, take.

A

To

Hitoshii.

ouzu no shurui.

;

A kind of bell.

1

Equal.

Shirogane.
Silver.

'

*

A

ix

Suzu.

1

magaru.

A hook, to be bent.

'

axe.

handle, knob, button.

A musket, rifle, gun.

A bell.

Akagane.
Copper.

i
[

^ Kurogane.

\9

Kurogane.
Iron.

Namari.
Lead.
<

Shirusht, shirusu.
name, to name, record,
publish.

Kanzashi.
hair ornament.

A

^
J

Surudoi, kiru.
Sharp, to cut.

Kanna.

# Hasami,

j>

Haclii.

A

A bowl, basin.

A plane.

kazari.

v Scissors, an ornament.

Oinaru-

;

Large.

j

^ Tsuyagane,

y Lustrous

tsuya, nomi.
metal, lustre, a

chisel.

To

cut, a

Hakaru, hdkari.

harpoon.
'

To

calculate,

weigh,

scales.

A spade.
MSuki.
Hoko.

.

Kanabasami, kubigase, fu-

A spear.

Shackles, fetters, to close
up.

Dull.

Masakari.

A large axe.

Nabe,

kama no

rut.

A kind of cooking utensil.

185
Kutsuwa,fukumu.
bit, to take in the
mouth.

A

Hakari, kanamari.
scales, a metal bowl.

A

Shikoro, yaivarageru.

Surudoi, togaru.
Pointed, sharp, acute, to
be sharp.

Armour

protecting
neck, to soften.

the

Suki, suki no ha, tatara.
spade, blade of a spade,
a foot-bellows.

A

Hasami.
Scissors.

The

Hokosaki, kissaki.
point of a spear.

Hakari no omori.
A weight used in weigh-

Byd.

ing.

A rivet.
Hagane.
Kesu, tokasu.
To erase, melt.

Steel.

Shiku, tsuraneru, amaneku,
mise-

A unit of weight.

To

spread out, arrange
in a row, everywhere, a

shop.

Kdkeme no

na.

Kane, kane no

koe.

A bell, the sound of a bell.
Sabi.

Suki, suku.

A spade, hoe, to dig.

Rust.

Sdbi.

A needle.

Harl.

Rust.

Kin.

Nokogiri.

A saw.

A gimlet.

Shirusu, utsusu.

Fusagit, katai.
To close up, hard.

To

write down, record,
copy.

A lock.

To

be hurried, be in disorder, to mix, make a
mistake.

Zeni.

'A

Midareru, majiru, ayamatsu.

Jomae.

small coin, a cash, a
Ikari.

tamau.
Tin, to bestow.

5w2fM,

Embroidered
cade.

An

anchor.

Ha,

tsuba.

A
silk,

bro-

blade, a

sword guard.

Zeni sashi.
cord for stringing cash.

A

186
u Neru, kitaeru.
f To temper, forge.

A coat of mail.

Mekki, kazaru.
Plating, to ornament.

i

v

Kusagiru, kuwa.
To cut grass, a hoe.

A needle, kind of

Suki no tagui.
Agricultural

lancet,

* To

.?

digging

tools.

,# Kitaeru.

>*

A hammer.

A pot, kettle, saucepan.

y Nabe.
v

Kanazuchi.

forge, temper.

Atsumaru, sakazuki.
assemble, a wine-cup.

To

Nabe, kagayaktt.

A saucepan, to shine.
Kagami, terasu, kangamiru.

A

mirror, to illuminate,
warning by.

to take

^ Kuwa.
*
31

-j

A hoe, spade.

Minagoroshi.

Aragane, itagane.
Unwrought metal, metal

The head or barb

sheets.

arrow.

Shinchu.
Brass.

A trowel, flat-iron.

r+Kagi.
;*

Extermination.

A key.

Yajiri.

of an

Kole.

Sake wo atatameru utsuwa,

A

rokuro.
utensil

for

warming

sake, a pulley.

Kusari, tozasu.

A chain, to shut.

,

<

Kusari.

A chain.

+ Shizumcru, osaeru, yasun-

^

zwu.

To calm, tranquilize, pro-

Kaburaya.
kind of arrow.

A

tect.

Kama.

A sickle.

Tsiiku, kane ya ishi no oto.
To strike, beat, the sound
of metal or stone.

Kane no naru

koe.

Igata, tokasu.

The sound of metal.

Yari.

To

A mould, to melt.

7~suranuku, tsuzumi no koe.

A spear.

pierce through,

sound of a drum.

the

.
'

'

\

Kusari.
chain, chain-links.

Kagami, kangamiru,

Nomi, eru.

gard as an example, discriminate.

A

A chisel, to gouge.

mi"

wakeru.

A mirror, example, to reYari.

i

A spear.

Chiribamu, horu.
To engrave, carve.

Aragane.

Raw

'

Kane, tsurigane.
'

metal.

A bell.

Kutsuwa, sakan.

A bridle bit, flourishing.

Ishizuki.
'

A ferrule.
Yasuri.

'

Tsuba, wagane.
sword guard, a hoop.

A file.

A

An iron coin of very
value.

little

Tokasu,
torakasu,
kesu,
sakan.
To melt, erase, flourishing.

Hibachi, hidoko.

Kane.
kind of gong.

A

A brazier, forge.
Kagavaku, hikaru.

To

shine.

Abumi.

A stirrup.

Jo, tozasu.

A lock, to

lock up.

Kurogane.
Iron.

Chiribamu, horu.
engrave, carve.

To

Tsurube.

A tin, can, well-bucket
Nomi, ugatsu.

A chisel, to pierce, dig.

Osuzu.

A large bell.
Kojiri.
The tip (of a scabbard).

To cut

A bell.
Oguwa.

Wa.

A ring.
To

cast (metal).

A large mattock.
8 Stroke radical.
2 Characters.

-BIS

188
* Nagai, kashira,

v Long, the head,

Takadono, yakusho, goten,
kwannuki.
large building, office,

toshiyori.

senior, to

A

grow, increase.

palace, gate-bar.

See under

Iegara, isaoshi.
Family station, merit.

l|

8 Stroke radical.

Mon-gamae.
tf IJ Kado-gamae.
40 Characters.

a Tatakau,' toki no

I

I*
|

^ Kado,
y
>

v

1

iegara.
gate, outside entrance,
door, sect, lineage.

A

Kwannuki.

A gate-bar.

^ Hirameku,
*
wave,

flash, fl'cker. to

search.

^
1

koe.

war-cry.

% Hey a, kugurido, yakusho.
7 A room, postern, office.

\\
*.

r?

A sleeping-room.
Kemisuru, erdbu.
inspect, review, ex-

To

amine.

gau.

To

fight, a

I* Nebeya.

I

chiratsuku, uka-

To

kui.
fa Shikimi,

*

I

A threshold,

a stake.

Tojiru, fusagu.

To

h

shut, stop up.

a

Sashitsukae, tsukae.

I

Sato, kado,
kuchi.

murd no

iri-

A

A hindrance.

village, gate, the entrance of a village.

Hiraku, saku.
4 To open, explain, bloc in.
jj

-f
|

* Shizuka, hima.

^

^

I

Quiet, leisure.

01
j

it

v

Aida, hima, ma, mdjiru.
Between, during, leisure,
a measure of length, an
aux. num., to mingle.

Com. f.

v

Pfl

Au-aremu, uryoru, aki no

\*

Chimata, susu nieru, kao-yoi.

A street, to wage, beauti-

\T Fusagu, todomeru.
|^ To close up, stop.
foi

v
I

pity, to grieve,

A

ful.

sora.

To

Shikimi, kagiri.
threshold, limit.

the

Momban, komono.

A

gate-keeper,

servant,

castration.

autumn

^
*

sky.
Uruou, uru.
To be moist, rich or prosperous, intercalary.

[=

v

I

Isogashii, midari ni.
9 Busy, confusedly.

gate-keeper, gate.

Yamu, yasumu, owaru.

^ Kado, suimon.
J A gate, water-gate.
&

Kadomori, kado.

A

To
4-

stop, rest, finish.

Shizuka, sabishii.
lonely.

* Quiet,

189
^ Takenawa, tesuri.
v At its height, a handrail.

v

Yami, kurai, damaru.
^ Darkness, dark, to

^ Yabureru, kuzureru,

fe

^40^, shigeru.

A

path between
be luxuriant.

fields, to

-?

be

silent.

To break, crumble,

Hiroi, yutaka, hisashii.

ochi-

fall,

a

cliff.

|

I*

i

\

f-

Broad, wide, abundant, a
long time.
Kakeizuru, masshigura

v To run

out, furiously.

^

Sakan, oto.
\y Flourishing, a sound.

%
?
*
\

Tojiru, tobira.
To close, a door.

A

ayamatsu, ushinau.
gate, to make a mis?,

Kakawaru,

seki, tozasu.

v To concern, a
shut.

1 Hiraku,
I

barrier, to
Incor. Hij

Ukagau, nozoku.
To spy, look into.

\

akiraka.

* To open,

Saka.
An inclined road.

A

dike, to
fend.

A

clear.

wow, kwannuki.

threshold, gate, gate-

bar.

Hiraku, sakeru.
To open, avoid.
j, iwfldW, ^J<7.

v

A street, city,
.

MH

gate.

8 Stroke radical.
[S Kozalo-hen.
66 Characters.

C'^, oinaru.
mound, large.

A

off,

de-

Kewashii, semai.
Steep, narrow.

Oka, otoshiana.

A mound,

pitfall.

Otoshiana.

Kuma,''omoneru.
dark spot, corner, to

A

flatter.

Kewashii.
Steep.
Tsuku, shitagau, kuwaeru.
adhere to, follow, to

To

add
:i,

ward

A pitfall.

take, lose.

I

><,

.*

ni.

to.

Kizahashi, hashigo.
The s'eps of the throne.

Fusagu, samatageru, ayaui,
kewashii.

To obstruct, impede, dangerous, steep.

Hedateru, naydmu, kewa-

To

be

separated from,

to suffer, steep.
Tsutsumi, tameike, naname.
dike, pond, slanting.

A

lyashii, semai.

Low, mean, narrow.

ii^"

^ m

H

190
y

Kagiri, saki.
to

v End, limit,

Suemono, yakimono.
fix.

Pottery, porcelain.

Ochiru,yaburerUj kuzureru.
To fall, break, crumble.
,

9

Ochiiru, ochiru, otoshiana.
fall into, be entrapped, collapse, a pitfall.

To

MacM,

aze, nawate.
street, road between
rice-fields.

A

Furu, kudaru.

Inc.

To come down

^

(rain,

descend, surrender.

etc.),
-x.

Kizahashi.

4

The

steps of the throne.

Oka, kuga.

Sumi, sato.
^
J* A

corner, country village.

\* Hotori, sakai.
:
# Vicinity, borders.

Narabu, tsuranaru.
To be arranged in order,
a camp.
Yakusho,

build-

ing for religious uses.
Nozoku, waru, harau.
subtract,

;^ Oka, misasagi, shinogu.
'rv

divide,
,-y

'*

Narrow.

An

ntichi.

inclined, or narrow,

road.

4

y
1

advance.

rise,

Kuwawaru,

v

A

accom-

Noberu, shiku, tsuraneru,
naraberu, furui.

To

state,

sumi.

A dark spot, corner.
corner, angle.

tasukeru.

To attend on,
pany, assist.

show, old.

Kuma,

^ Sumi, kado.

advance.

4 Kage, kumoru, hisoka ni.
v Shadow, cloudy, secretly,
the female principle in
philosophy.
f.

A

Noboru, susumu.

susumu.
|tiH|j Noboru,

,<;

^ Tsutsumi, dote.
1
dike, bank.

To
\/y ? To

Hi, akiraka, hinata.
The sun, clear, warm,
sunshine, the male principle in philosophy.

semai

rise,

A mound, Imperial tomb,

to slight a superior.

sweep away.

2,

tasukeru.

tera, ie.

An office, school, a
To

if

A low wall, a parapet, to

spread

out,

Prosperous, high.

Kumi, mure.
A company,
crew, crowd.

regiment,

Kizahashi, hashigo.
steps, stairs, ladder.

A

Koeru, haruka.
cross over, far.

To

191
Saka, tsutsumi.
hilly road, a dike.

7

A

'i
!

v

Fusagu.

v To

'*

obstruct.

,#

Karabon.

A dry moat.

\

O

Hedateru, fusagaru.
y To be separated from,
obstructed.

'to
\

nook, brink,

Anamichi, ochiru.

An underground passage,

a tunnel, to fall.
Kakureru.
v To hide, be in retirement,
secret,

(S

/

j*

10

A

corner,
edge.

>>f

Okotaru, ochiru.
To be remiss, fall, oval.

;

Kuma, mizugiwa.

illicit,

obscure.

Sawa.
marsh.

A

J 0fl, hatake.
;p A mound, field.
[

* Ochiru, yaburu, ushinau.
* To fall, to break, lose.

8 Stroke radical.
2 Characters.

-r Semai, fusagu.
4 Narrow, to obstruct.

Oyobu, ataeru.
reach, to give.

To
11

O

>f

*

Sukima, hima.
crack, opening, leisure.

Tsuku, shimobe.

A

To

belong

to,

a servant,

menial.

Kiwa, ori, majiwaru.
Edge, time, limit, to

as-

8 Stroke radical.

sociate with.

^u
H " 23 Characters.
Furutori.

Hedateru, sawari.

To

be separated from,

an obstacle, objection.
Tonari, tonaru.

12

Neighboring, a neighbor,

O

to adjoin.

a*

to pieces.

tori.

A

t Katakata,
*

Kuzureru.

To crumble

* Furutori,
*
bird.

hitotsu.

One

of a pair, one, an
aux. num. for ships.

&
* Hayabusa.

The

Aogu, sakamichi, hashigo.
To look up, a hilly road,

g;

a ladder.

y

perigrine falcon.

Suzume, odoru.
sparrow, to leap for

A

joy.

13

O

Shitagau.

To

obey, follow, according to.

b /JT^n.

^

A wild goose.

4 O,

Kewashii, takai, nayamu.
Steep, high, to suffer.

v

A

WM, sugureru.
male, strong, to sur-

pass.

192
;

a Yatou.

To

I

hire,

Hanareru,

employ.

To
$>
;

;

7

Atsumeru, atsumaru, oi.
assemble,
collect,

waka-

be separated from, to

divide.

To

many.

muzukashii, kurushimu.
Difficult, hard, to suffer.

Katai,

Shitoyaka, tadashii.
Refined, elegant, just.

Me, mesu.

A

liedaieru,

tsu.

female,

8 Stroke radical.

weak, to be

r-u
*"

inferior.

^ Koeru, dburagiru.
v To be fat or oily.

Ame-kammuri.
36 Characters.

Ante, amefuri.

Rain, rainfall.

3 Yawaragu.
v To be harmonious.

t

Yuki, susugu.

^ Snow, to wash,

1

rinse.

A pheasant.

Amagoi.
Praying for rain.

Misago.
The osprey.

Shizuku.

A drop.

Horn, kumadaka.

To

carve,

the

fr

crested

v

Kumo.

A cloud.

eagle.
,

1

ledomo.

A

Although.
>s

Futatsu.
'

Two,

!

Majiru, atsumaru.
To mix, assemble, varicoarse,
ous,
roughly

'

Snowfall.

a pair, both.
is

Ochiru.

^

To

Yawaragu, tanoshimu.
To be harmonious, hap-

Lightning, electricity.

f
t

Hina.

A

Thunder.

Inazuma, inabikari.

py.
J

a cipher, zero,

g Ikazuchi, kaminari.
-i

'

fall,

quiet rain.

made.
t

mist.

Yukifuri.

chicken, small doll.

Niwatori.

A barn-yard fowl.

>>.

t

f

i>

//y^, hizame.
hail.

Large

Motomeru.

a To ask

for,

demand.

193
*.

Sora.

tf

The

sky, heavens.

'

B Tsuyu, uruou, arawareru.
Dew, to be wet, known,
manifest.

v Furuu,

v To
^

osoreru.

shake, quake, fear.

Indbikari, ikazuchi.

t-fe

>

N

l Lightning.

koto.

rain, the

flowing

Hatagashira,

daimyo-ga-

shira.

\

The leading power.

* dame, mizu no nagareru

Heavy

Arare.

> Hail.

'^.

Ikazuchi, kaminari.

f*

Thunder.

of water.
i

-g

Niwaka, sakan.
Suddenly, vigorous.
Kin', kumo no tobu koto.
mist, the flight of the

^ Hareru.

*4

To

fix

Tamashii.

\4

^A

clouds.

clear up.

The

soul, spirit, a ghost,

sacred.

iu Tsuyoi kaminari.
** Severe thunder.

9 Uruou, nureru.

^ To become wet,

^
4

>j

to soak.

, tandbiku.
Mist, fog, to cloud over.

Niji.

A rainbow.

Tandbiku.
cloud over.

To

Naga-ame.

*

A long rain.

*

Shinto.

8 Stroke radical.
5 Characters.

^ Frost, hoar-frost.

Kasumi, kasumu.
Mist, haze, to be hazy.

.

Mizore.
^ Sleet.

at

i

in-

Green, blue, unripe,
experienced.

|^ Yasui, osameru.
4 Quiet, to tranquilize, to
rule.

Amadari, shitadari.
v The dripping of rain.
v

Yosoou, kazaru.

To

adorn.

Mist, fog.

Shizuka, ikon.
Quiet, peaceful, to rest.

Naga-ame.
long rain.

Aizome, aoi.
Indigo dyed, blue, green.

A

l

194
Tomo.

8 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.

An

archer's wrist-shield.

Munagai, ninau,

A

Arazu, wand, soskini.
wrong, to
Not, bad,
slander, criticise, blame.
ft

v

Kaban.

A traveling bag.

Tagau, motareru.

To differ from, lean upon.

Kura.

H Nabiku, fusit.

To

bend, yield
obey.

tsuyoi.

collar, to bear, strong.

to,

A saddle.

wave,

Waraji.

Straw sandals.
Katai, tsukaneru.
Hard, firm, to bind.

9 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.

tf IJ

Saya.
scabbard.

A

Omole, kao, mukau.

The

face, front, surface,
to front.

Mari, kiwameru, yashinau,
tsugeru.

Hajiru.

To

A ball, to

be ashamed.

investigate, to

bring up, to announce.

Ekubo.
dimple.

A

Shirigai.

The crupper
9 Stroke radical.
Kavca hen.

of a saddle.

Muchi, muchiutsu.

A whip, to whip.

Tsukuri-gaiva.

20 Characters.
kiwameru,
Tou,
meru.

Aratameru, nameshigawa,
kawa.
To renew, restore, leather,

loitsu-

To ask, investigate, Ci'ossquestion.

hide, skin.

Nameshigawa, yawaraka.
Dressed leather, soft.

Kutsu.
Boots, shoes.

Yawaraka, shinayaka.

Utsu, muchiutsu.

Soft, pliable.

To

strike,

whip.

Munagai.

The

collar to

which a

saddle is attached.
Hodashi, shirigai.
Fetters, the crupper.

Omogai.

A headstall.

;

Tdbi, shitaguisu.

Stockings, hose.

.

.

-I I"*

9 Stroke radical.
Nameshi-gawa.
5

Characters.

195
Nameshigawa, somuku.

Tanned
it

V

*

A well-curb, Korea.

Konogoro, shibaraku, kata4

Yoi'

*

bow

1,

Unaji.

# The nape of the neck, a

or sword.

^

Fuigo.
bellows.

v

A

clause, paragraph.
Shitagau, yawaraka.
To obey, follow, in re-

gular order, gentle.

y Subekaraku, shibaraku.
a Ought, proper, an

9 Stroke radical.

r-tu

muku.
Recently, for some time, a
moment, about, to incline.

Good.

a

on

the head, receive.

Igeta, Chosen.

* Tsutsumu, yumibukuro.
* To wrap up, a case for
>>,

Itadakt, itadaku.
The head, top, to put

leather, to rebel.

Nira-hen.

in-

stant.

H 1^2 Characters.

^ Homeru,
v

To

utau.

praise, sing.

Nira.

A leek.

a Azukaru, arakajime.
To have charge of, be en-

Kudaku, tsukemono.

To

trusted with, previously.

crush, pickles.

'

h

v
\

9 Stroke radical.
4 Characters.

Q vA

<?,

&?.

voice,

UruwasMi,

5fe

tone,

>N

HI

i,

tell.

4

\*Hibiki.
;**

^

>

*
"^

Stroke radical.
a *'

ukeru.

\t>

[v
kashira.

.
I

head, a page.

neck, collar, to rule,

Katayoru, sukoburu.

To

incline to

very, greatly.
Otogai*

* The chin.

~

,

Kubi, en, osameru, suberu,

receive, jurisdiction.

;* Hibiki, hibiku.
Sound,
noise,
report,
echo, shock, to resound.

43 Characters.

ordka, nibui.
foolish, dull.

divide, distribute.

The

Rhyme, rythm.

The

nuka-

Wakalsu, kubaru.

v To

utsukushii, tsu-

Beautiful, to

ni,

be rejected.

y Katakuna,
v Stubborn,

[noise.

sound,

niwaka

zuku, sutaru.

Forthwith, suddenly, to
bow the head, salute, to

Oto-hen.

to,

Yagate,

[

Tobiagaru.
leap up.

To

Ago, otogai.
The chin, jaw.

A t
m

one

side,

196
LIFI
'"

J*

Kashira, atama, kobe.
head, top, chief, an
auxiliary numeral.

Itadaki,

The

The

cheek.

*

Tagui, niru.
Sort, kind, to resemble,

a Oinaru.
* Large.

Taoreru, kuzureru, sutaru.
to pieces,
to be abandoned.

To crumble

Kaerimiru, omou.

To
Constantly, quickly.

jj

Otagai, ago, unazuku.
chin, to nod assent.

The

tania

no

round object, a

White, large, a heavenly
atmosphere.
j^ Furuu, wannanaku.
v To shiver, shudder.
|

>
,

ff
\

Arawareru, akiraka.

v To be

revealed, to
pear, clear.

s>

Shirushi, na.
subject, topic,

'u

text,

>

temple.

Shikameru, uryoru.
To make a wry face, to
grieve.

Kashira, atama, atama no

Hitai, tdka.

The

hone.

forehead, amount, a

The

picture, price.
",-if

Kao, tsura.

[v

The

head, skull.

* Hobone.
v The cheek-bone.

face.
^j

Oroka, uvauyashii.
Foolish, humble.

Ago,

Komekami.

y The temple.

agito, tsutsushinnt.

9 Stroke radical.
Fu-nyu.
10 Characters.

The

chin, to be circumspect.
Agito, ago.

The

gills,

.

jaw-bone, chin.

,

narawashi.

Wind,
Negau.

To

ap-

Komekami.

* The

name.
'if

Shiroi, oinaru, ten no ki,

clod of earth.

A

\

kazu,

tsuchigure.

small,

reflect,

?

Kubi.
The neck.

A

look back on,

consider.

Shikiri ni, sumiydka.

Tsubu,

sakasama, kutsu-

gaeru.
The top, head, beginning,
to be upset.

ask, request, desire.

Hitai.

The

forehead.

air,

fashion, cus-

toms.
Oroshi.

A wind blowing from the
mountains.

197
v?

y Yumeshi, chazuke.

Kazaoto.

The sound

v Supper,

of the wind.

~y

t
v

rice

with

tea

poured over.
Tsujikaze.

A whirlwind.

4

v

Nomu, nomimono.

To

drink, a drink.

Okaze, tsumujikaze.

A typhoon, whirlwind.
^ Kuruu
v

A violent wind.

-V

Ageru, fukichirasu, fuki-

v

lift

raise,

h

Fukiageru.
To blow about.

^

Hirugaeru, kazefuku kata-

Mushimochi.

& Nieru,

up, to scatter, or

* To

by the wind.

v

^

ii.

^ Steamed rice-cakes.

ageru.

To
n:

Meshi,

Boiled rice, food.

kaze.

Jj

^

niru.
boil.

Tsutsushimu, imashimeru,
totonoeru.

To

reverence, admonish,

adjust.

chi.

To

wave, the appearance
of wind blowing.
Okaze, tsumujikaze.
high wind, whirlwind.

Aku.
To be sated.

A

^ Aku.
?

To have

enough, be tired

of.

9 Stroke radical.
2 Characters.
'

& Kazari, kazaru, yosoou.
An ornament, to adorn,

J

gloss over.

Tobu.

To
>N

"

* Kau, yashinau.
nourish.

fly, jump, leap.

Hirugaesu.
To turn over,
change about.

To

wave,

Glutinous

A cake of pounded rice.

Shoku-hen.
48 Characters.
jjj

eat,
'

'^

be hungry, starved,

famished.

Takuwaeru.

IT

To

store up.

Kare-ii, okuru.
rice dried, provisions (for troops), to send.

y Boiled

to nourish.
Ueru.

To

rice-jelly.

Mochi.

9 Stroke radical.

^ Meshi, kuu, yashinau.
to
# Boiled rice,

keep,

Ame.

E,esa,eba, ejiki.
Food of animals, bait.

;-v

Yashinau, sodateru.

'V

To nourish, support, rear,
bring up.

198
Ueru.

Hoshii.

To

Sun-dried boiled-rice.

be starved, hungry,

famished.

Kayu, mazushii kurashi.
Rice gruel, poor living.

* Kurau, nomu.
v To eat a meal,

to swal-

low.

Okuru, kareii.
send, dried boiled-

To

nokoru.
3 Amari, amaru,
The remainder, to be left

over, too,

more

than.

rice.

;*

v

;

Kurau, yumeshi.
|-

I"

To

(A kind
Manju

To

^ Nokori, kuiamashi.

v

A

remainder,

To be starved, hungry,
famished.

* Yakata, yado, fate.
v
palace, mansion, pub-

A

lic office,

Okuru, kuimono.
To send, food.

lodging-place.

*# Susumeru, kurau.
To urge, to eat.

Kuimono, sonaemono.
Food, an offering.

V

a Dango.

Sueru.

V A dumpling.

To

* Azareru,
;*
4

ueru, kuimono.
putrify, to starve,

To
food.

ing, to present, see off.

Sonaemono, furumai.
An offering, a feast.

am at.

Bean

flour

and

sweet.

Kusai, suetaru.
Putrid, decayed.
Musabori-kurau.

To

*

putrify.

Yutaka, amaru.
Surplus, abundant,

lib-

eral, fertile.

okuru, miokuru.
^ Hanamuke,
^ A present to one depart-

An,

of dumpling,

Ueru.

left-over

food.

|

be starved, hungry,

eat, supper.

\& Ueru, kusaru.
\4
starve, decay.
,

Ueru.

To

famished.

gluttonize.

sugar,

Motenasu, sakaworiTo entertain guests,
banquet.

Asameshi, ryori sum.
Breakfast, to cook.

Musaboru.

To

covet.

Rice-gruel.

Aku.
To be sated.

a

199
^ Haseru.

9 Stroke radical.
2 Characters.

To

ride rapidly, gallop.

Nareru, shitagau.

To

Kubi, kobe, kashira.
The head, chief, to acknowledge, confess.

Mimikiru, kubikiru.
Cutting off ears, decapi-

>>,

re-

fute.

Kakeru, karu, hashiru.
To run, drive, urge on.

9 Stroke radical.
6 Characters.
f.

Todomaru, yamu.

^ To

stop, reside.

Nioi, kaori, ka.

J Odor, fragrance,

Koma.

incense.

A colt, a two-year-old.

- Kaori.
v Fragrance.
'

-j

to,

Buchi.

9 Spotted, piebald, to

tation.

*

be accustomed

familiar with, to follow,
obey.

Kobashii, kaori.

* Noru, norimono, shinogu.

r**

# Fragrant, fragrance.
Nioi.

* Odor.

To

ride, harness,
hicle, to supersede.

a ve-

Nibuiuma.

r

A slow horse, stupid.

r

kobashii.

11

4- Kaoru,
4 Fragrant, incense.

7W, /la^rt/, sumiyaka.
Quick, fast

I

,

u Kobashii, niou.
^ Strong odor.

A four-in-hand.
10 Stroke radical.
_

Mr*

U ma-hen.
46 Characters.

Nibui uma.
slow horse, stupid, to
unshoe.

A

Uma.

Noru, owaseru.

A horse.

To

p Noru, tsukau, osameru.
3 To ride, drive, rule.

Odoroku, sawagu.
be frightened.

To

^ Haseru, shinogu, noboru.
p

To

run, go ahead
overtop, ascend.

^ Owaseru.

An

aux.

ride, to load.

Kawarnge uma.

of,

A

black-maned

white

horse.

num.

loads, to load

for horse-

on a horse.

y Hashiru.

v To

-j,
7L

run, rapid.

W

4A.

fo

n

200
y
v

Siigureru, hayai.
To be excellent, quick.

^

Haseru.

4

To

Ashige uma.

A gray horse.
;.>

gallop, ride fast.

Noru, matagaru.

To ride,

astride of, an
for horsemen.

sit

aux. num.

Sugureta uma.
superior horse.

A

* Ashige no uma.
* A gray horse.

^

Narabu, muda.

*

To be in ranks,

\y Sugureta uma, hayai, isamashii.
i^

A good horse, fast, strong.

,4-

^

\

',>r

Sukasu, azamukeru, taba^
karu.

|i
'*

-,

To

cheat, deceive.

[

Odoroku.

,

A post-station,

Kutsuwa.

Usagiuma.

A donkey.

Sawagu.
To be noisy, excited.

Sen-ri no uma.

An
^ Kakeru, sawagashii.
^'To be deficient, noisy.

Yorokobu.

To

A

Usagiuma.
mule.

v

,s

black horse, to be ar-

ranged

in order.

10 Stroke radical,

Tsuyoi, hayai.
fast.

Hone-Jien.

13 Characters.

Yoi uma, ogoru, karonzuru.

A good steed, to be proud,
to despise.

'>

rejoice.

Kurouma, narabu.

A

if

excellent steed, abi-

lity.

Kakeru, karu, hashiru.
To run, drive, urge on.

9 Strong,

station.

A bridle bit

ing.

-x

be frightened.

Umayado, shuku.

& Niwaka, shibashiba.
Sudden, fast, frequently.

Noboru, agaru, kinkiriuma.
* To rise, ascend, a geld-

-t

A

\v

h

v

Shirushi, kikimc, tamesu.
mark, efficacy, to consider, examine.

To

1

worthless.

Ogoru.
be stubborn, proud.

To

\

Noboru, noru, koeru.
To ascend, ride, cross
over.

^ Hone.
%
>
bone.

A

\-jj

Hagi, sunebone.

v The

leg, shin.

201
b

V

Kami wo soru,

Sugoroku no sai.
kind of die used in

A

To

kiru.

shave, cut the hair.

games.
if

4

Kamoji, soegami.
False hair.

Hone, karada.
bone, the body.

A

* Hone.
* The bones of a skeleton.

%
?

Similar, resembling.

Hizashita, ashikubi.
The lower leg, ankle.

Taregami.

Long

% Hone-tatsn, kadodalsu.
v To have a bone in the
throat, to be crabbed.

u
\y
\v

Hohige.

v Whiskers.
Kami.

Momo.

i.><,

The

:* Hair.

thigh.

Hizabone.
The knee.

i? Tsunogatni, taregami.

v Long

\

^a Sarekobe.
The skull.

t

i

Karada,

hair, locks.

? Mrw &z m ikazari.
* To resemble, a hair orna'

;

,

ment.

katachi.

The body,

hair.

person, sub-

stance, appearance.

i,

'

t

Uwahige.

A moustache.

Sarekobe.

Urushi-nuru.
varnish.

A skull.

To

Hone no shin.
Marrow.

^4 Motodori, tabusa.
Dressed up

hair, a lady's

cue.

|f I)

10 Stroke radical.
Character.

I

:

k

^ Ibitsu, kami wo tokasu koto.
? Oval, to take down the
hair.

Tofan*.

High,

> -JUr*

-S|\

HI'*

lofty, dear,

good.

10 Stroke radical.
Kami-gashira.
21 Characters.

^y
'

Midaregami.
Dishevelled hair.
Tategami,

s

The mane
of a

hire.

of a horse,

fin

fish.

Midaregami.
* Disordered, or

9.

Nagai kami no
Longhair.

ke.

let

down,

hair.

K

202
Katsura,
False hair, a wig.

Kurai, shigeru.

Gloomy,

dull,

melan-

choly, dense.

v Shitahige, agohige.
^ Chin whiskers.
10 Stroke radical.

# Wage, mage.
v
cue, a style of hair-

2 Characters.

A

dressing.

Ho

nokamige.
v Hair over the temples.

ti

i,

Tategami.

~?

The mane.

.^ Ashiganae, hedaisu, hedatan.
12
%
three-legged kettle, to
separate, distance.

A

[

f

\*>

Urn, hisagu.
sell, peddle.

To

10 Stroke radical.
Tatakai-gamae.
7 Characters.

10 Stroke radical.
12 Characters.

Om.

A devil,

Tatakau.

To
ye

fight.

ghost, spirit.

Kashira, sakigaki, oinaru.
The head, a leader, large,

Sawagashii.

v Noisy.

great.

n Tokinokoe, tatakau.

The

Tamashii.
i

A war cry, to fight.

|

\jf
\

I

Semegu, utiaeru.
quarrel, accuse.

* To
h

Tatakau, arasou,

*

To fight, quarrel, contend

\

for.
\^.

\f
j.
[

Kuji, kujitoru.

A lot, to draw lots.
Tatakau, arasou.

p To

tend

fight,
for.

quarrel, con-

soul, spirit.

Tamashii.

The

soul, spirit.

Miiru, bakasu, bakemono.
To be witched, to delude,
a ghost.
Hideri no kami, hideri.
The god of drought,

drought.
Mizunokami, yama-kawa
no tama.
water-god, a god of
mountain or river.

A

Takai, oinaru.

High, large.

PP

10 Stroke radical.
2 Characters.

Kaorigusa.

Fragrant herbs.

Mizu no kami.

A mountain

god, a spirit
of river and mountain.
Mizuchi, yama no kami.
dragon, a mountain
god.

A

203
Sushi.

Oni.

An evil

Rice and raw fish
soned with vinegar

spirit, devil.

Osowareru.
To have the nightmare.
II

sea-

Same.

A shark.

Stroke radical.

,

^u
I* 67 Characters.

shake.

The salmon.

Uo-hen.

-I

wo tamago, hararago.
t/p
Fish-roe (of salmon).

Uo.

A fish.
Tachiuo.

A

The

dace.

The

razor shell, a kind of

long slender kind of

fish.

Oshikiuo.

fish.

A white fish.

Koi.

Oroka, nibui.
Foolish, dull.

A

Awabi.

A kind of fish.

The

sea-ear.
.

* Uo no hone,

I

Rice and raw fish seasoned with vinegar.

t

v

r^'
'

? Ayu.

I

v

A river fish,

*

A small carp.

carp.

tadashii.

A fish bone, correct.

Iruka.

The

dolphin.

trout.

Sunafuki, haze.
1

,

Hae, haya.

namagusai.

The salmon, a
raw

^Akiadoffish.

The

fresh and

Konoshiro.
kind of

A

>-fe

aji.

\9

Numauo, azayaka, sukunai.
Fresh fish, clear, bright,
fresh, few.

Magnro.

The

dace.

smell.

tunny.

|

Tako.
octopus.

The

v The Japanese perch.

;> Kujira.
The whale.

U

*

*

9a

w

204:
Knjira.

The whale.

The

Snrume.

Dried

;

cuttle-fish.

a O-uo.
v An immense

|#

\

Shachi, shachihoko.

;

=)

;

The grampus.

i

[

A lamprey.
Iwashi.
The sardine.

i

fish.

sole.

Iwashi.
sardine.

y The

Nantazu.

The

A fin.

cat-fish.
I

.^ Saba.

4

The mackerel.

g

Nishin.

i

The

herring.

Th 2

mullet.

v

Kajika.
bull-head.

The

Katsuo.

y The bonito.
s-

7

Haya,

The

Wani.

ylAv.

The

alligator, crocodile.
era.

gills

hae.

dace.

A kind of a//.

herring.

,

of a

goose-fish.

Unagi.
fish.

Ningyo.

A mermaid.
37

>t-

An

The

,*

Tobi-uo.

A flying-fish.

Konoshiro.

Nishin.

'

Yamo-o.

A widower.

A large blue-backed fish.

i

A shrimp, prawn, lobster.

The

v

An

eel.

Tara.
cod.

The

Fugu, awabi.

A

globe-fish, sea-ear.

The horse-mackerel.

10

205
The

Uroko, koke.
scales of a fish or

The phoenix

snake.

bird).

(a

fabulous

Tobi.

Support.

The snapping

turtle.

Kisu.

The

kite.

To

cry,

j

A kind of fish.

naru.
call,

to sound,

ring.

Masu.

The

Doku no

salmon-trout.

tori

no na.

A poisonous bird.

Hamo.

A

kind of

Karasu.

eel.

A crow.

Tanago.

A small fresh-water fish.

Kari.

A wild goose.

Fuka.

A shark.

Mozu.

The

Sayori.
The half-beak.

shrike.

Misosazai.

The Japanese wren.
Want.

A crocodile.

Kanw.

A wild-du^k.

Suzuki.

The

Tobi, fukuro.

perch.

n

A kite, an owl.

Stroke radical.

Oshidori.

^K
H 61 Characters.
Tori-hen.

The mandirin duck.

I"*

(Dacl.o

A bird.

Oshidori.

Hato.
pigeon.

The mandarin duck.

A

Ishitataki.

Nio.

A small

The

duck.

Kamo.

A

$&&, ostrich)

wag-ta.l.

Shigi.
The snipe.

wild duck.

-fc^

IP

ti

206
Odori, oinaru.

A large wild goose, large,

A duck.

great.

Misago.
The osprey.

The

kite.

Uguisu.
lebalo.

The

The dove.

warbler.

bush-

Tsuru.
crane, stork.

The cormorant.
*

Japanese

The

Gacho.

A goose.

Niwatori.

The barn-yard

fowl.

Mozu.

A shrike.

Ao-dori.

The

Hakucho, oinaru.
The swan, large.

wagtail.

Hdshtddka, layabusa.
kind of falcon.

A

Hototogisu.

The cuckoo.
Hayabusa.

A falcon.

Monoii-dori.

The

parrot.
f,

tamago.

A chick, an egg.
A fabulous

bird,

a large

bird.

The

The

siskin.

quail.

The cormorant.
Kasasagi.

The magpie.

Oki-na mizudori.
aquatic fowl.

A large

Hiyodori.

The brown-eared

bulbul.

/,

hageshii.

A wild bird, fierce.
Washi, kumadaka.
The eagle, Indian crested

Kamome.

eagle.

The

sea-gull.

The

partridge.

Nue.
kind of pheasant,
fabulous night bird.

A

a

207
.

Washi.

The

^l^M, shio.
salt.

Lye,

eagle.

,

.

soap)

Oyamadori.

A large pheasant.

Salt.

Misosazai.
II Stroke radical.

The Japanese wren.
Shigi,

The

r^ |1 Shika-hen.
14 Characters.

Mr*

kawasemi.

snipe, the kingfisher.
,

Misosazai.

*

The Japanese wren.

ka.

A deer, stag.

~4 Mejika.

A doe.

Taka.

A hawk, falcon.
$/

Sagi, shirasagi.

The snow-heron.
Kdbato, onagadori, uso.

A

^ Muragaru, shibaru.

* To crowd

U.

to

together,

bind.

kind

of magpie, an
implement of worship.

Oinaru shika.

A large deer.

^

Nareshika.
reindeer.

The

The cormorant.

A fawn.

\y Monoii-don.
\9 The parrot.

Fumoto.
The foot of a mountain.

Kozuru.
(5

The

stork.

Urardka, uruwashii.

Kami no tori, suzu.
* The phoenix, a bell.

Beautiful, good, bright.

5

Me

no rin.
fabulous animal
sembling a giraffe.

A

II

Stroke radical.

re-

4 Characters.
Kujika.

A kind of stag.

Shiohama, arechi.
Salt fields,

waste land,

Kaori.

Odor.

salty.

m

Shiokarai.

Kaorijika.
"

Salty.

The musk-deer.

**
-

m

208

O

no rin.
fabulous animal
sembling a giraffe.

A

12 Stroke radical.
2 Characters.

re-

Arai, orosoka.

Ki, kiiro.

Coarse, rough, foolish.
II

Yellow.
Mandbidokoro.

Stroke radical.

A school.

Mugi-hen.
til-) Baku-tiyu.
7 Characters.

12 Stroke radical.
4 Characters.

* Mugi.

* Wheat.

7

A

kind of bread

from wheat

made

flour.

Wheat

'

LX

"i

:> Mugiko.
\*>

5, Kibi.
'3 Millet.

Kulsunori,

Paste
shoes,

flour.

oi,

used

kuroi.
in making

many, dark.

>T Nebaru, mochi.

Omugi.

;

I

"

:

To

be sticky, bird-lime.

Barley.
I* *#/.
(' Yeast.

Torimochi.
Bird-lime.

\

|> Mugiko.

\v
|

-7

Wheat

flour.

12 Stroke radical.
17 Characters.

Irimugi.

Parched wheat.

!#

II

Stroke radical.

4 Characters.

a Kuroi.
* Black.
,)?

*
Asa.

Hemp.
*
.

To

be

silent.

^ Kuroi.
* Black.

Sukoshi, komaka.

A

little, trifle.

Hata, sashimaneku, shimesu.
signal flag, to beckon,
show.

A

.

Damaru.

Maro.
The termination of certain names of men.

,

hfjremono.

A wart, wen,
^

v

i

swelling.

Shiruslri, tomosu,

unazuku.

A dot, point,

spot,

mark,

to mark, light,

nod

assent.

Mayuzumi.
Blackened
black.

eyebrows,

209
* Shirizokeru.

5 To send away, cause

Koroma no aya-nui.
Embroidery.

to

degrade.

retire,

v Ao-guroi.
x Blue-black.
fy

|]|!

Warugashikoi,

*

y

katdkute

Kaeru, tsutomeru.

kuroi.

A frog, to exert oneself.

Crafty, hard and black.
Irezumi.
4 Tattooing.
x>-

*y
'

t

6 Tomogara, mure, tagui.
band,
association,
party, flock, companions,

v

A

sort.
i,

v

O support,

^^ Hikigaeru.
,

^

A

bull-frog.

Kame, suppon.

A

turtle, the
turtle.

r Kurai, itamu.
v Dark, to be painful.

I

Blackened eyebrows.
,

-

snappmg-

13 Stroke radical.
Character.

# Mayuzumi.
\4

imori.

A large snapping-turtle.

A sea-tortoise.

Kuroi.

4 Black.
;

13 Stroke radical.
5 Characters.

akazuku.

Mould, to become dirty
or greasy.

i Hokuro.
^ A mole.

\&1? Kanae.

A

tripod utensil, a cauldron.

13 Stroke radical.
p||-l 4 Characters.

>

Kegasu, akazuku.
9 To defile, dishonor.

Tsuzumi, utsu.

12 Stroke rad cal.
4 Characters.
r

,

To

,

sew,

.

darn, embroi-

dery.

y Enogu, irodoru.
[paint.
v Painting materials, to
y Hizakake, maedare.
*
lap-rug, an apron.

A

A drum, to beat.
Tsuzumi-utsu, utsu, aoru.
beat a drum, to beat,

To

to stir up.
Tsuzumi no

oto.

The sound

of a drum.

Furitsuzumi.
sort of tambourine.

A

13 Stroke radical.
6 Characters.

ti

210
Nezumi.
mouse.

Namasu, kudaku.

A rat,

A

kind of fish salad, to

crush.

ItachL
weasel.

A

15 Stroke radical.

Ha-hen.
13 Characters.

Musdbi.

A flying squirrel.

v Ha, yowai.
Teeth, age.

x Moguramochi.
v A mole.

y Hagaivari,
si

v

>
\4

Moguramochi.

A mole.

child-

hood, young.

Hatsukanezumi.

Haguki, arasou.

A mouse.

f The gums, to
Yowai,

14 Stroke radical.
Characters.
JJ|<J 3

quarrel.

toshi.

Age.

Kamn,

kuichigau.

To bite, disagree, uneven.

Hana.

The

itokenai.

of teeth,

[^Change

nose.

Snoring.

Kamu, haguki.
v To bite, the gums.

%
\

f

Kamu.

To

bite.

Hana-iki.

Breathing thru the nose.

r* Usuba.
IP
hollowed

A

tooth (as of

an old man).
14 Stroke radical.
Characters.

5

>j}

Kamu.

>v

To

Alike, even, to regulate.

Monoimi, isagiyoi, hey a.
Fasting and purification,
pure, a room for study.
Motarasu, sonaeru.

To

bring, carry, present.

Hitoshii.

Equal, alike.

bite.

Kamu,

Hitoshii, totonoeru.
\

kuichigau.

To bite, disagree, uneven.
Hagami, semaru, chiisai.
Grinding the teeth, to be
crowded, small.
Mushiba.

A decayed tooth.
Semaru, kosekose suru.
To be crowded, to potter.

211
'J-fcT?
j

1

6 Stroke radical.

.

A tortoise.

pf * 4 Characters.

^Suppon.
y

I
i

#

]>>

i*

Tatsu.

A dragon,

A

snapping-turtle, a tor-

Midareru, takai ie.
To be disordered, a high

1 7 Stroke radical.
3 Characters.

building.

*
4

'?

12

toise.

Imperial.

E9
Sonaeru, tatematsuru.

To

offer.

A flute.

:^ Hokora.

[^ A small

shrine.

5

Old form of
16 Stroke radical.
2 Characters.

i^ Yobu.

lj

To

call.

fir

7

LIST OF CHARACTERS

WHOSE RADICALS

ARE OBSCURE.

R A

2 Strokes.

7

i

<J

7)

JU

<

^

^

&
/A

31

A
A

4 Strokes.

75

iE

ft

z,

fc

b

3 Strokes.

a

W

E n
1

Y

,,

"T
tt
*f~A

&

/L

\

n

~j

-^rt.

>f

,,

s.

..

i/i*

Ii

A
A

/^

ft b

,

n**

r|J

,.

7tii

^

in

B E

j

4-

A

ft

"

!fe

/L

W

u

5 Strokes.

Ant

>

214

LIST

OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE O3SCURE.

*
A
"7^

ki

>>

51

A

ft

n

JR

r|i

x
J&
"3^ ^v

^

.,

Jft

ft

A

U

B

n

95

Jj

ft

JL

fe

n

ffi

m

ffi

P

B
ffi

JE
b

ft

h

*

y\*

7 Strokes.

K
38

ra

R
iti

a
>

n

T^

^
6 Strokes.

E
T*J

>i

P

ft
tt
t4

1C Zl

LIST

OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE.

m

a

A

"

^

)J

A

Pt

It

K9

S

xi^

UL

n

PO

iu

M
m

.

^3

ra

-5^

J

jg

|J

P^F

a
^

|

Til

/r

^j

^

S ^

fy3

E E

^7

B

H
HP

/K
?S ^C
8 Strokes.

M
&
Jg

if

a

J5

n

'

"
ri

/3K

n

S&.

^

~*

<

S

I

B
*

*[
du

v
O

^7

55

-

^

Jh

2*^

"*
fc

A

M

e

^

..

tit

3

SL

ife

m*

*

210

LIST

OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE.

m

a

&

..

ft

.-

.if

..

A

jfc

9 Strokes.

I
ffl

A

3

JL

m

A

E
W

S

*-^

,

^

P- 4t
xiv

S

n

IS

u

W

7J

in

n

K

x

/T^

S

,0

31

10 Strokes.

B

A

*

A

BE 3

BC

m

3f

n

OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE.

LIST

fifc

ffl

m

n

^

A

1

J*

n

n

A

,,

^fc

@

ffi

1^1

w
H

*
a

Is

-<i

^^C

^L.

gfc

*

ft

A

*4
* B

iff
;n

a.

fi

^1*

:<

Fa
^iMj

*

i

fig

*

-

A

|I..J|

j^v

/

M

$

'

H

B

W

12 Strokes.

^

A

fl

Jl

tt
II Strokes.
^f

^=E

n

/4

*
A
^P?

SS

n
..

j>

a

w

BE

m
a

218 LIST

Wl

m
a*

OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE.

*
.

*

IK

M *

m

a

H

1

fll

6 Strokes.

mA
13 Strokes.

II
IP?

c
*

a

m

m

A

a

S3 p

A

%*

M

14 Strokes.

*

ft

15 Strokes.

a

s
^& n

SS

.,

P

*

a
a

*

*

LIST

m

OF CHARACTERS WHOSE RADICALS ARE OBSCURE.

H

17 Strokes.

8? P

m
ft

3

IM

18 Strokes.

2.0

.Strokes.

l

P

H

23 Strokes.

^

m

ft*

a

B

a

^.

Jt

B
g.
EJ

19 Strokes.

^

IBt

$$

M
A

^

Si

A

II

21 Strokes.

S

-i-

i

RI

is

it*

M

24 Strokes.

93

22 Strokes.

Rm

219

*.

m*

K

25 Strokes.

26 Strokes.

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.
The Empire
Fu

Nara

of Japan

m

Niigata
Oita

Ky5to
Osaka

Okayama
Saga
Saitama

Aichi

Akita

ft

m

Shizuoka

Chiba

Ehime

s m

Fukui

ffia

7p

M
m &
Im

Gifu

Gumma
Hiroshima

Shiga

Shimane

Aomori

Fukuoka
Fukushima

Ul

Okinawa

Tokyo
Ken

&

Hyogo
Ibaraki

*

Ishikawa

)}\

Iwate

Tochigi

Tokushima
Tottori

Toyama
Wakayama
Yamagata
Yamaguchi
Yamanashi

Ul

T&

m P

Chosen (Korea)
Hokkaido

Kagawa

Karafuto (Sagalien)

Kagoshima

Taiwan (Formosa)

|8

fc

Kanagawa
Names

Kochi

Kumamoto

(Places

Tokyo Shi

Miyagi
Miyazaki

Nagasaki

some Important Places

found above are omitted)

Mie

Nagano

of

whose characters may be

if

Akasaka
Asakusa
Azabu

M
mm
^@

rfr

Ku

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.

',21

$g

)]}

|&

Shimonoseki

T

Kongo

#.

m

BE

m

Honjo
Kanda

;fc ffi

|&

03

Ha

Koishikawa

'KG-MIHa

Taihoku
Taiku
Takamatsu
Tamsui
Tsu
Unzen

Fukagawa

Ku

fiif

Kojimachi

Kyobashi
Nihonbashi

H

Bf

g

;

ffi

IS

^
T
^

Shiba
Shitaya

Ushigome
Yotsuya
Fusan

|g

Genzan (Yuensan)

TC

Gotemba

^P

Hakata
Hakodate

.

ff
gj
2

Yokosuka

ASIA

Amoy

p-

Ul

Annam
Anping
Arabia

Bombay
Bur m ah

Jinsen (Chemulpo)

t:

^

Karuizawa

$1

Keelung

HE:

Keijo (Seoul)

^

Kobe

jp$

Kure

^

Matsuyama

15

Harbin

Moji

PI

Hongkong

Muroran

|f|

India

Nawa

m

Macao

Nagoya

Sendai

ffiWttffi

Bangkok

Kanazawa

Sapporo
Sasebo

&

Aden

Heij5 (Pyeng Yang)

Nikko
Osaka

a

Yokohama

=

~
ffiL

^.

m

ft

*e??

Canton
Ceylon

Changchun
Chefoo
China

Chungking

Hankow

Malay States
Manchuria
;fc

Mukden (Hoten)

^L

Nanking

^

Newchwang

fill

Peking

P

PI

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.

222
Persia

London

Ryojunko (Port Arthur)
Saigon

Moscow
Norway

Shanghai

Paris

Siam
Siberia

Petrograd
Poland

Singapore
Tairen (Dalny)

Prussia

*& $T

$

m

m

E

II

&

m

m

as %-

Portugal

Taku

fff

Rome

Thibet

Roumania

Tientsin

Russia

s

Tsingtau

Spain

Tongking
Vladivostok

Sweden

Weiheiwei

Switzerland

(Ikaiei)

Turkey
Vienna

Wuchang

EUROPE

m&&

AMERICA
Brazil

Austria

Canada

Berlin

Belgium

a

Brussels

EL

Chicago
Chile

Constantinople

Denmark
England

m

H

Cuba
Mexico
New York

Panama
Peru

France

San Francisco
United States

Germany

Vancouver

Greece

Washington

Hamburg
Holland

Hungary
Italy

AFRICA

m
Egypt

E&m
m m

GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.

POLYNESIA

Atlantic

223

Ocean

Black Sea
Australia

(Goshu)

m

m

Hawaii

Baltic Sea

Caspian Sea
?&
^Gulf of Pechil (Bokkai ) gft
*g
Indian Ocean
p Jg
i

Java

Loo Choo

^

Is.

m mm

Manila
Philippine

Is.

South Sea

Is.

tttfffrts

ft( #)
Kiaochow Bay (Koshuwan) E^if
Inland Sea (Japan) ffi^

Mediterranean Sea

Ocean
Panama Canal
Red Sea
Pacific

Thursday

Is.

OCEANS,

ETC.

Suez Canal
Antarctic Ocean

Arctic Ocean

Yangtse River
Yellow Sea

fife

Fl

*

^: -^

|T

^
^

*
*

iE

iE

-f-

m

S

-b

--

Ep

B

9

*

O

*

Sw

m
*
1

Ep

^ 9

fr

H

T

;*
*
it

it

BINDING

MAY

l

3 1968

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