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You are on page 1of 24

1

Itinerary

Announcements

Biographies

Timeline

Finishing Calculus Activity

Honors Option - Cryptography

Break

Discussion

“Let’s Make a Deal” Activity

Closing

2

Blaise Pierre de

Pascal Fermat

Pierre-Simon Gerolamo

Laplace Cardano

Biographies

3

Timeline

4

Mathematics Timeline

1600 a.d. - 1800 a.d.

5

1600 – 1650 AD

1605 Kepler discovers first law of planetary motion.

machine.

6

1651 – 1699 AD

1671 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz invents a calculating

machine.

computation of functional roots

Mathematica.

7

17 th Century

By the end of the 17th century, a scientific

revolution had occurred and science had become

an established mathematical, mechanical, and

empirical body of knowledge.

Newton, and others had become noted scientists.

8

1700 – 1750 AD

1704 Isaac Newton publishes Opticks

would be like if Euclid's fifth postulate were false

shape of the Milky Way

9

1751 – 1799 AD

1752 Benjamin Franklin shows that lightning is

electricity.

1788 Joseph Lagrange presents his equations of

motion in Mechanique Analytique.

1795 Pierre Laplace discusses Newtonian black holes

1798 Henry Cavendish measures the gravitational

constant and determines the mass of the Earth.

1799 Karl Gauss proves that every polynomial

equation has a solution among the complex

numbers.

10

18 th Century

The 18th century was also part of the "The Age of

Enlightenment", an historical period characterized

by a change away from traditional religious sources

of authority, and a move towards science and

rational thought.

11

Calculus Activities (Presentations)

your presentations.

Each group will have ~8 minutes to present their

poster.

Make sure you’ve described how your activity

may be related to Calculus.

12

Cryptography

13

Break - 10 minutes

14

Discussion of Probability

Design your own dice game (similar to the one

listed on page 165). Describe the rules of the

game, and describe how you would calculate the

mathematical expectation of winning.

How could the expected value of a game be

related to the cost to play the game?

What advantages became available by looking at

the expected outcomes of events instead of just

describing equally likely outcomes?

15

Discussion of Statistics

How are statistics and probability related?

How would you design an experiment to test the

fastest route by car from Brody Hall to Hubbard

Hall? How would you control for error? Does this

prove that one route is faster than the other?

What different designs did you use?

What different variables did you come up with?

What can you conclude?

16

Let’s Make a Deal - Rules

• Host offers you 3 doors

• 1 door has great prize

• 2 doors have nothing

• After making your choice, the host (who

knows where the good prize is) opens

one of the doors you didn’t choose and

reveals one of the empty doors.

switch your door if you want to, or you

can stay with your original door.

17

Let’s Make a Deal - Rules

• Get with a partner, each pair should have two tally sheets, one set of

cups, and one penny “prize”

• To start, one person will be the host and the other will be the contestant

for 30 trials.

• Each tally sheet is unique and already has listed where the prize will

be hidden for each trial. Don’t let the contestant see your list.

the contestant stayed or switched after one

of the empty doors was revealed, and if they ended up winning or

loosing that trial.

• Switch roles for 30 additional trials with the other tally sheet.

• Tally your results and add your data to the Excel table up front.

18

What’s going on here?

possible outcomes of the

game are

From http://math.ucsd.edu/~crypto/Monty/montybg.html

19

The key to this advantage

host doesn’t know where

the good prize is?

From http://math.ucsd.edu/~crypto/Monty/montybg.html

20

Marilyn vos Savant

as having the highest IQ

Columnist in Parade Magazine

Asked question in 09/09/90 column about

Monty Hall problem.

http://www.marilynvossavant.com/index.php

21

Homework

Read Sketches

24 - The Arithmetic of Reasoning (Logic and

Boolean Algebra) - p. 181-184

25 - Beyond Counting (Infinity and the

Theory of Sets) - p. 185-190

Respond to the Discussion Forum on ANGEL

(already posted)

Bring your portfolios next week for an activity

22

Discussion of Probability

• Design your own dice game (similar to the one listed on page 165). Describe

the rules of the game, and describe how you would calculate the

mathematical expectation of winning.

• How could the expected value of a game be related to the cost to play the

game?

events instead of just describing equally likely outcomes?

Discussion of Statistics

• How would you design an experiment to test the fastest route by car from

Brody Hall to Hubbard Hall? How would you control for error? Does this

prove that one route is faster than the other?

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