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WELCOME

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SLUM
REHABILITATION AUTHORITY

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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

Background
Since beginning of 20th century slums existed in
Mumbai e.g. Dharavi, Matunga labour camp, etc.
Pre & Post independence people from all corners of
country came in search of job.
Mumbai was the city of Employment opportunity
Slum became the culture of Mumbai

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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

Approach
Approach I (1950 1970)
Approach was to remove the slums and protect the land.
The Influx of migrant labor was so huge therefore the efforts to protect even private land
proved futile
Large Area of public land encroached by slums
Approach II (1970 1990)
Since the removal and control of slum proved futile the humanitarian approach to
recognize the slum was consider.
The Maharashtra Slum Area (Improvement, Clearance & Redevelopment) Act, 1971 came
in existence.
Census of hutments carried out in 1976 and Identity Card/Photo passes issued to Slum
Families.
Basic amenities such as water, drainage, toilet, pathways, street light were provided in
slum area.
Slum Up-gradation program was implemented with World Bank assistance in mid 1980.
Slum land given on lease of 30 yrs to the co-operative society of slum dwellers at a
nominal lease rent.
Soft loans for renovation of individual structures on as is where is basis was provided.
Redevelopment of slum dwellers was also initiated in Dharavi under PMGP.
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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

Approach

Approach III (1991-1995)

Redevelopment of slums started under SRD by making provision in Act and Rules.
Under DCR No. 33 (10) redevelopment of slum through owners/ developers /co-operative housing
societies of slum dwellers/NGO was made permissible for censuses slum or slum dweller whose name
appeared in the Electoral Roll of 1985 with FSI upto 2.5.
The Scheme proved not effective.

Approach IV (1995 Onward)

Formation of AFZULPURKAR COMMITTEE which recommended Slum Rehabilitation scheme.


Committee estimated 80% slum rehabilitation is possible in situ.
Committee relies on philosophy that if inequality has to be removed there has to be unequal law as
giving free tenements to slum dwellers is not supported by housing philosophy but slum dwellers
deserve this preferential unequal treatment to bring them into mainstream of social, cultural and
economic fabric of this pulsating city.

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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

Fact Finding Of Committee

Slums and hutments are integral part of Mumbai.

All have contributed to the industrial, economic and commercial growth of Mumbai.

Houses in mumbai always remain unaffordable since british time therefore slum
growth.

To enhance their standard of living, an authorized dwelling unit is a first step in the
right direction

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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

Formation of
Slum Rehabilitation Authority
Government launched comprehensive
Slum Rehabilitation Scheme in December 1995

Using land as resource

Slum tenements are provided to slum


dwellers at ZERO Cost

Formation of Slum
Rehabilitation Authority
in December 1995
To cross subsidize the cost of Slum
Rehabilitation tenements, the incentive
FSI is given for construction of sale
tenements
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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

Tenements constructed in sale


component are allowed to be sold in
open market

Challenges as on 1995

Total 8 Lacs of Families staying in slum.

Population staying in slum is about 40 Lacs.

Rehabilitation of the above population as early as possible.

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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

Implementation of Scheme
: Process
The Slum dwellers co-operative society select developer to implement the scheme
Eligibility of Slum Dweller: Must be slum dweller as on 1.1.2000 earlier it was 1.1.1995
Such developer shall have 70% consent of Eligible Slum dwellers family
The Project submitted by such developer with 70% consent is admitted by SRA
The proposal is scrutinized and if in order is accepted for further process
The scheme is implemented in two part Rehab and Sale Component
The Developer is allowed to construct sale component to meet his expenditure & profit
The Eligible slum dwellers get 25.00 sq. mtr. tenement free of cost
The Non-Eligible slum dwellers are removed from the land
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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Types
1. In situ rehab scheme : Under Provision of D.C.R 33(10)
Rehabilitation is done at site of slums.
2. PAP tenement scheme: Under provisions of D.C.R 33(10) clause 3.11

This scheme is meant for slum dwellers whose rehabilitation


is not possible in-situ due to physical constraints like vital
projects, footpaths, hillocks, etc.

3. Permanent Transit Tenement Scheme: Under provisions of


D.C.R 33(14)D
Permanent Transit Tenement are constructed in situ by giving
incentive FSI
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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Features
No financial burden on Government.
Slum dwellers get a self contained 25 sq. mtr. i.e. 269 sq. ft. (earlier
225 sq. ft) carpet area tenement free of cost consisting of living room,
kitchen/alcove, bed room, bath & WC.
Underlying land is the resource for the scheme
Cost of construction of the rehabilitation tenements is crosssubsidized from the sale of free sale tenements in the open market.
The entity developing the slum rehabilitation scheme is entitled to
free sale component in proportion to the rehab component.
FSI upto 3 can be consumed for tenement density of 500 to 650
tenements per hector in situ , as against 1.33 / 1.00 FSI available for
general sites.
FSI upto 4 can be consumed for tenement density of more than 650
tenements per hector in situ with prior Govt. approval , as against
1.33 / 1.00 FSI available for general sites.
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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Features
Every slum structure existing as on 1/1/2000 or prior thereto is eligible
70% of the eligible slum dwellers in a slum can come together to form a
society for implementation of slum rehabilitation scheme.
Rehab tenement allotted to a slum dweller cannot be sold for a period of 10
years from the date of allotment. However it can be transferred to a legal heir
with prior permission of CEO (SRA)
A sum of Rs. 20,000/- per tenement is recovered as maintenance deposit
from the developer for subsidizing the monthly maintenance of the rehab
building
For every 1.0 sq.mt. of rehab component construction, sale built up area
allowed is
Rehab
1.33 sq.mt.
1.0 sq.mt.

0.75 sq.mt.

City
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1.0 sq.mt.

Suburbs

Dharavi

Max. FSI consumption allowed on plot is 3

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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Status At a Glance
Particular

33(10)

3.11

33(14)D

Total

No of S.R. scheme
sanctioned LOI Issued

1,233

51

120

1,404

No of tenement proposed
to be constructed

3,36,725

1,26,343

8,569

4,71,637

No of tenement approved

2,20,351

1,24,704

8,213

3,53,268

No of tenement under
construction

1,39,619

81,089

5,860

2,26,568

No of Tenements OCC
granted

85,159

75,225

1,992

1,62,366

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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Objectives
8 Lacs families were targeted for rehabilitation
Protection of slum dweller existed as on 1/1/2000
Rehabilitation of protected slum dwellers in permanent
tenement
Rehab Tenement free of cost
Upgrading standard of living and eradicating slums
No Financial burden on Government
Empowering the slum dwellers

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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Status against Set Objectives
Approximate 12 Lacs families living in slum as against 8
Lacs targeted
3,293 slum cluster were identified
1.58 Lacs tenements constructed so far
1,25,907 tenements were occupied
Constructions of 3 Lacs tenements are in pipeline
Rs. 583 Crs revenue generated for MCGM & MHADA
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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Bottlenecks in achieving Objectives
Slum Dwellers Related issues:
Land owner's are neither submitting scheme nor giving consent
for the scheme
To obtain 70% consent from slum dwellers
To deal with non consented slum dwellers
To deal with consented but non-co-operative slum dwellers
Eviction of large nos. of non eligible slum dwellers (33/38)
Developer Related Issues :
Non-performing developer (partner's dispute)
Problem in raising of finance
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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Bottlenecks in achieving Objectives
Policy Related issues:
CRZ Area
NOC from MOEF /Civil Aviation Dept./Navy/Defense/Wireless Station etc.
No policies for Central Govt. Land
S.R. Scheme in difficult area (hilly area)
Scheme on RG/PG (DP Reservation)
Commercial unit having more area are eligible only up to 225 sq. ft. irrespective
of their more area & planning constraints
Non-availability of adequate transit camps or alternate accommodations
Various departmental competent authorities

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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Way Forward
Policy regarding slum on Land owned by Central Govt.
Slum area is to be considered as a residence zone in new proposed
DP.
Granting Incentive FSI for construction of affordable housing
Giving time period to submit schemes or else tender
Breaking eligibility and consents / consent through secret ballot
Town planning Schemes
Wholesome GIS based survey of entire city for the identification of
eligible slum dwellers
To address issues of Non-Eligible slum dweller : Needs a Policy for
Hybrid scheme
Pro-active development rather than reactive responses
Declaring slum like places at one go
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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Way Forward
Administrative reforms for better accountability and target
assigning
Process to be simplified
For identification of Eligible slum dwellers
For Eviction of non co-operative slum dwellers Once
scheme is sanctioned through majority consents
For acquisition of land

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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

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Slum Rehabilitation Schemes


: Way Forward
eGovernance Initiatives
Development of Slum MIS (by conducting Biometric Survey of
each hutment) and seamless Integration with GIS Base Map
Creating Rehabilitation Database and conducting biometric
survey of existing beneficiaries of SRA Schemes.
Customized application for SRA office - For end to end
computerization of SRA workflow
Automation of building plan approval as per DCR and
Online lottery management system
Revamping of existing SRA website as per GoM and GoI
guidelines
Setting up of Data Center in SRA premises for hosting various
eGovernance Application of SRA

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International), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved.

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Thank You

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