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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction .........................................................1
1.1 History
1.2 Usage
1.3 State-of-the-Art Developments
1.4 Post-Tensioning Institute
1.5 Changes from Earlier Editions
1.6 Summary
2. Applications..........................................................5
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Buildings
2.3 Parking Structures
2.4 Bridges
2.5 Storage Structures
2.6 Grandstands and Stadiums
2.7 Staged Construction / Transfer Girders
2.8 Tension Members
2.9 Rock and Soil Anchors
2.10 Post-Tensioned Slabs-on-Ground
2.11 Masonry Structures
2.12 Barrier Cables
2.13 Repair and Rehabilitation
3. Post-Tensioning Systems......................................59
3.1 General
3.2 Types of Post-Tensioning Systems
3.3 Components of a Tendon
3.4 Choice of a Post-Tensioning System
4. Specifying Post-Tensioning...................................73
4.1 Reference Standards
4.2 Post-Tensioning Materials
4.3 Specifying Unbonded Single-Strand Tendons
4.4 Specifying Bonded Tendons
5. Analysis and Design Fundamentals.......................95
5.1 Basics of Post-Tensioned Concrete

5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6

Flexural Analysis
Flexural Design
Shear
Variable Prestress Force
Prestress Losses

6. Detailing and Construction Procedures for Buildings


.............................................................................113
6.1 General
6.2 Design Issues
6.3 Construction Issues
6.4 General Notes / Standard Details
6.5 Construction Procedures
6.6 Special Issues
7. Design Examples................................................137
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Design of a One-Way Slab in a Parking Structure
7.3 Design of a Two-Way Slab
7.4 Design of a Single Span Cast-in-Place T-Beam
7.5 Analysis of a Two Span T-Beam
7.6 Anchorage Zone Design
8. Seismic Design of Post-Tensioned Concrete Structures
.............................................................................161
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Role of Post-Tensioning in Seismic Design
8.3 Post-Tensioned Member Design
8.4 Seismic Performance of Unbonded PT Wall and Frame
Systems
9. Post-Tensioned Concrete Floors..........................169
9.1 Floor Framing Systems
9.2 Planning and Design of Post-Tensioned Floor Systems
10. Post-Tensioned Parking Structures...................175
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Applications of Post-Tensioning in Parking Structures
10.3 Economics of Parking Structures

10.4 Additional Design Requirements for PT Parking Structures


11. Post-Tensioned Slabs-on-Ground.......................185
11.2 Foundations for Residential and Light Commercial
Construction
11.3 Post-Tensioned Slabs Used in Commercial and Industrial
Applications
11.4 Post-Tensioned Sport Courts
11.5 Other Types of Post-Tensioned Slabs-on-Ground
11.6 Materials
12. Bridges...........................................................195
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Benefits of Post-Tensioning in Bridge Design and
Construction
12.3 Historical Overview
12.4 Design Concepts
12.5 Design Concepts for Girder Bridges
12.6 Design Concepts for Slab Bridges
12.7 Design Concepts for Frame Bridges
12.8 Design Concepts for Arch Brides
12.9 Design Concepts for Other Types of Bridges
12.10 Special Applications of Post-Tensioning in Bridges
12.11 The Future
13. Stay Cables......................................................241
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Engineering of Stay Cable Structures
13.3 Stay Cable Design
13.4 Materials for Stay Cables
13.5 Stay Installation
13.6 Stressing of Stay Cables
14. Storage Structures...........................................261
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Advantages
14.3 Applications
14.4 Shapes of Storage Structures
14.5 Analysis and Design

14.6 Construction Key Details and Practices


14.7 Applicable Standards
14.8 Summary
15. Rock and Soil Anchors......................................273
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Applications
15.3 Anchor Design
15.4 Construction
15.5 Stressing, Load Testing, and Acceptance
15.6 Acceptance
15.7 Summary
16. Design of Prestressed Barrier Cable Systems. . . .285
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Building Code Requirements
16.3 Design Considerations
16.4 Prestressing to Eliminate Cable Sag
16.5 Calculating Jacking Force
16.6 Durability and Corrosion Protection
16.7 Design Examples
17. Prestressed Concrete Under Dynamic Loads and
Fatigue..................................................................295
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Dynamic Loads
17.3 Dynamic Response
17.4 Fatigue of Prestressed Concrete Materials
17.5 Fatigue of Prestressed Concrete Members
17.6 Summary
18. Fire Resistance................................................313
18.1 Scope
18.2 General
18.3 Code Provisions
18.4 Rational Design Procedures
18.5 Additional Information
18.6 Post-Fire Investigations

19. Durability.........................................................319
19.1 Introduction
19.2 Durability in Buildings
19.3 Durability in Parking Structures
19.4 Durability in Bridges
19.5 Unbonded Tendons
19.6 Grouted Tendons
20. Inspection........................................................325
20.1 Introduction
20.2 Construction Inspection
20.3 Post Construction Inspection
21. Post-Tensioning Institute Certification Programs 329
21.1 Introduction
21.2 Certification of Plants Producing PC Strand for PT
Applications
21.3 Certification of Plants Producing Single-Strand Unbonded
Tendons
21.4 Training and Certification of Field Personnel for Unbonded
PT
21.5 Training and Certification of Field Personnel for Bonded PT
21.6 Summary
Appendices............................................................335
A. Design Aids
B. Conversion Factors