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# B.Sc.

4TH semester
(Physics)
STATISTICAL MECHANICS
Paper-1

max. marks:-45

Attempt five questions in all, selecting at least one questions from each section. Q:-1 is
compulsory. All questions carry equal marks. Q:-1:- Do any nine:1(a):- Differentiate between event and trial .2
(b):- define thermodynamic probability.2
(c):- Give significance of microstate.1
(d):- define the degeneracy.2
(e):-what is difference between bosons and fermions
Section-A
Q2(a):- Discuss the distribution of n-particles in two boxes of equal sizes.6
(b):-derive strrlings formula.3
Q3(a):-derive an expression statistical flucations.5
3(b):-define momentum space and how is it related with phase space.4
Section B
Q4(a):Applying bose einstein statistics ,discuss the phenomenon of bose-einstein condensation.6
(b):- What are the postulates of statistical physics.3
Q5:- On the basis of assumptions of maxwells Boltzmann statistics,derive maxwells Boltzmann
distribution9
Section-C
Q6(a): obtain an expression of Fermi dirac law of distribution of electron energies6
(b) give an expression for electron gas at 0k
Q7:-what are fermions?write down the postulates of Fermi-dirac statistics.derive an expression
for probability distribution of particle governed by f-d statistics.9

## B.Sc. 6th semester

(Physics)
Atomic molecular and laser physics
Paper-1

max. marks:-45

Attempt five questions in all, selecting at least one questions from each section. Q:-1 is
compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.
Q:-1(a):-define fluroscence.1
(b):-why 2 level laser can not be possible.2
(c):- give quantum nos. associated with spectra of alkali metals.3
(d) give one difference between ruby and he-ne laser.2
(e):-define stark effect.1
Section-A
Q2:- Explain L-S coupling with the help of vector diagram.6
(b):-draw and explain spectral lines in different series of alkali spectra series.3
Q3(a):-describe vector atom model.7
(b):-what is landes interval rule.show it graphically for 3D term.2
Section B
Q5:-Explain analmalous Zeeman effect and hence describe the spectral pattern of sodium doublet
lines under this effect.9
Q6:-explain raman spectra with origin of stokes and antistokes lines.also give application of
raman spectroscopy.9
Q7:- Explain weak and strong stark effect.also giveits difference between paschen back effect.9
Section-C
Q8(a):- Discuss Einstein coefficients?establish the relation between them.7
(b) why population inversion is necessary for laser action.2
Q9:-discuss the principle,construction and working of ruby laser with the help of diagram.9

## B.Sc. 6th semester

(Physics)
nuclear physics
Paper-2nd

max. marks:-45

Attempt five questions in all, selecting at least one questions from each section. All questions
carry equal marks.
Section-A
Q1(a):- Give principle,working and diagram of bain bridge mass spectrogtaph.7
(b):what is mosley law and its significance.2
Q2(a):-Determine in detail Rutherford back scattering experiment to determine the size of the
nucleus.
(b):-explain the terms:-1)parity 2)electric quardpole moment
Q3(a):- state and prove uncertainity principle.give its experimental verification.
(b):- explain the terms in detail:=1)B.E. curve 2)magnetic momentum 3)spin
Section B
Q4(a):- What is Compton effect? derive an expression for change in wavelength of x-rays.
(b):-Explain Geiger-Nuttle law.
Q5:- What is beta decay and what are its various types?discuss the energies of beta decay.
Section-C
Q6:Explain the principle,construction and working of betatron.
Q7:explain the principle,construction,working of GM counter.
Q8:-calculate the q value of nuclear reaction.