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QUESTION BANK
COURSE: BA.LL.B. VI semester
Paper code: 611
SUBJECT: LABOUR LAW -II
Section-A
Write very short note on the following in about 30-50
words (2 marks each)

1. What is meant by labour welfare?


2. Which Articles under Indian Constitution deals with the
labour welfare?
3. What are the main objects of The Minimum Wages Act,
1949?
4. Define competent authority under the above mentioned
Act.
5. Define Minimum Wages
6. Employee
7. Name the authorities under the The Minimum Wages Act,
1949
8. What is meant by Minimum Wages?
9. Fair wages
10.
Living wages
11.
Need based minimum wage.
12.
Define a Factory under The Factories Act, 1948.
13.
Define manufacturing process under The Factories
Act, 1948.
14.
Week
15.
Child
16.
Adult
17.
Calendar year
18.
Occupier
19.
How are Inspectors appointed under The Factories
Act, 1948?

20.
What does Section 12 of The Factories Act, 1948
provides?
21.
Section 10 of The Factories Act, 1948 deals with?
22.
What are the provisions relating to lighting and safety
of the workmen under The Factories Act, 1948?
23.
What are the working hours of adults?
24.
What are the provisions relating to women in factory?
25.
What are the measures taken in factories for health,
safety and welfare of workers?
26.
What are the provisions relating to young persons
and children?
27.
What are the provisions U/S 47?
28.
What
are
the
objects
of
The
Workmens
Compensation Act 1923?
29.
Define
dependent
under
The
Workmens
Compensation Act 1923.
30.
Employer
31.
Partial disablement
32.
Wages
33.
Workman
34.
Total disablement
35.
Difference between Partial disablement and Total
disablement.
36.
What is the Employers Liability for compensation
under Workmens Compensation Act 1923?
37.
What are Occupational Diseases?
38.
Which diseases are Occupational Diseases?
39.
What are the provisions relating to determination of
compensation to a workman?
40.
What is the mode distribution of compensation?
41.
What are the provisions relating to penalties under
the Workmens Compensation Act 1923?
42.
Does an appeal lie against the order of compensation
commissioner?
43.
Define personal injury under the Workmens
Compensation Act 1923.
44.
Distinguish between minimum wage, fair wage and
living wage.
45.
What is the concept of wages under the Payment of
Wages Act, 1936?
46.
What is deduction under the Payment of Wages Act,
1936?

47.
What is the maximum amount of deduction under the
above Act?
48.
What is wage period under the Payment of Wages
Act, 1936?
49.
How is wage period determined?
50.
What is the meaning of standing orders?

Section- B

words.

Write short answers


(5 Marks each)

in

about

100

1. What is the concept and importance of welfare Activities?


2. What are the general obligation of employer with respect
to health and safety of workers in relation to Indian
Constitution?
3. What are the objectives of Payment of Wage Act, 1936?
4. Definition of factory under the Factories Act, 1948.
5. Define manufacturing process.
6. Occupier
7. What are the safeguards which the Factories Act provides
for the protection of the health of the workers?
8. What are the provisions regarding lighting for the safety
and protection of the workmen?
9. What precaution does the Factories Act provides for safety
of the workers on the machines?
10.
What are the provisions in the Factories Act,
1948nrelating to the welfare of the workers?
11.
What are the provisions in the Factories Act, about
working hours of adults?
12.
What
are
additional
provisions
regulating
employment of women in factory?
13.
What are provisions relating to annual leave with
wages?
14.
What are the restrictions on the employment of
women in factories under the Factories Act, 1948?

15.
What are the provisions for the grant of annual leave
with wages to workers under the Factories Act, 1948?
16.
What are the duties of occupier?
17.
Define minimum wages under the Minimum Wages
Act, 1948.
18.
Define the term employee and state the basic
principle and procedure to be observed in fixing the
minimum rates of wages in an industry?
19.
What are the different kinds of wages?
20.
What is fair wage?
21.
What is living wage?
22.
What is minimum wage?
23.
Difference between fair wage, living wage and
minimum wage?
24.
State the rules for the Payment of Wages to an
employee under The Minimum Wages Act, 1948.
25.
Discuss the provisions relating to fixation of working
hours under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.
26.
What is the law relating to wages of a worker, who
works for less than normal working days and what is
minimum time wages for piece work?
27.
How are the wages paid to an employee who has
worked less than normal working day?
28.
What is the constitutional validity of the Minimum
Wages Act, 1948?
29.
What are the objectives of the Workmens
Compensation Act 1923?
30.
Define dependent
31.
Difference between partial and total disablement.
32.
What is the Employers Liability for compensation
under Workmens Compensation Act 1923?
33.
What is occupational disease?
34.
Which disease is occupational disease?
35.
In what cases is the employer not liable under the
Workmens Compensation Act 1923 to pay compensation
to the workman?
36.
Discuss the theory of notional extension of
Employers premises with the help of decided case laws.
37.
Discuss the law relating to the determination of
compensation to a workman.
38.
What is the mode of distribution of compensation?
Discuss

39.
Does an appeal lie against the order of compensation
commissioner?
40.
What are the duties of occupier under the Factories
Act, 1948?
41.
What are the measures taken in factories for health,
safety and welfare of workers under the Factories Act,
1948?
42.
What are the additional provisions regulating
employment of women in factory?
43.
What is deduction under the Payment of Wages Act,
1936?
44.
What is the maximum amount of deduction under the
above Act?
45.
What is wage period under the Payment of Wages
Act, 1936?
46.
How is wage period determined?
47.
What is the meaning of standing orders?
48.
Define personal injury under the Workmens
Compensation Act 1923.
49.
What are the provisions related labour conditions
under the Indian Constitution?
50.
What are the provisions related to employment of
young person and children under the Factories Act, 1948?

Section-C

words.

Write essay type answer in about 300-500


(10 Marks each)

1. Explain the object and salient features of the Minimum


Wages Act, 1948.
2. Define and distinguish between Minimum Wage Fair
Wage and Living Wage. What is the procedure and
principles for fixation and revision of the minimum rates of

wages? Is the financial capacity of the employer to pay


minimum wages a necessary condition for its fixation?
3. What is the remedy available to the worker who has been
paid less than the minimum rates of wages? Who can be
appointed as authority to decide claims under the Act?
4. Define Personal Injury under the Workmens Compensation
Act, 1923. When is employer liable and not liable to pay
compensation for personal injury to a workman under the
Workmens Compensation Act, 1923?
5. Explain the employers liability in case of occupational
diseases?
6. What are the remedies available to a workman in respect
of injuries sustained by him in the course of employment?
Are the remedies alterative?
7. What is the concept of wages under the Payment of Wages
Act, 1936? What is deduction? What deductions can,
lawfully, be made by the employer from the wages of the
employee?
8. What are the remedies available to an employee against
the employer who has made illegal deductions from his
wages?
9. What is the object, scope and application of Payment of
Wages Act, 1936? What is the definition of wage under
the Act?
10.
Determine the meaning of Factory for the purpose
of Factory Act, 1948. With help of case laws.
11.
Describe the various provisions relating to health,
safety, welfare and working hours of labourers in factories
as contained in the Factories Act, 1948.
12.
Define the term employee and state the basic
principle and procedure to be observed in fixing the
Minimum Rates of Wages in an industry.
13.
Discuss the provisions relating relating to fixation of
working hours under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.
14.
What are the laws relating to claims under the
Minimum Wages Act, 1948?
15.
What are the safeguards which The Factories Act,
1948 provides for the protection of the health and safety
of the workers?

16.
What is the Factories Act, 1948 relating to the welfare
of the workers?
17.
What are the provisions in the Factories Act, about
working hours of adults and annual leave with wages?
How are the wages of leave period determined?
18.
What is the employers liability for compensation
under the Workmens Compensation Act?
19.
In what cases is the employer no liable under the
Workmans Compensation Act, 1923 to pay compensation
to the workman?
20.
Define the term Employee and state the basic
principle and procedure to be observed in fixing the fixing
the Minimum arte of wages in an industry.

Section-D

illustrations.

Solve
the
following
(10 Marks each)

1. Is a film studio where a raw film is moulded and


transformed into a finished product a factory under The
Factories Act, 1948? Discuss in detailed with relevant case
laws.
2. Twenty people are employed in a concern manufacturing
cigarettes. Out of these twenty persons one is a graduate
and supervises the work, and another is an apprentice
learning work, the rest eighteen are employed not in the
time wages system but in the piece wage system. Is the
concern a Factory under the Act?
Give reasons to your answer.
3. Wives of three workmen employed in a textile factory work
in place of their husbands for about half an hour every day

after 7 p.m. while the later meals brought for them. Is


there a violation of factory law? Discuss.
4. Does contribution by the employer to any Pension Fund or
Provident Funds or under any scheme of social insurance
comes under the term of wages under the Minimum
Wages Act, 1948? Justify your answer. Define and explain
types of wages.
5. If the owner or occupier fails to fulfill certain obligations to
protect the workers and to secure for them employment in
conditions to their health and safety, then in that case
what are the remedies available to the workers for
enforcing such rights. Explain with help of provisions
mentioned in the Factories Act, 1948 dealing with health,
safety and welfare of workers.
6. Is Equal pay for equal work a fundamental right? Explain
with the help of case laws.
7. The Factories has been enacted primarily with the object
of protecting workers employed in factories against
industrial and occupational hazards. For that purpose, it
seeks to impose upon the owner or the occupier certain
obligations to protect the workers and to secure for them
employment in conditions conductive to their health and
safety. In the light of the above statement critically
analyze the Factories Act, 1948 with relation to welfare of
the workers employed in factories.
8. Elucidate the concept of Minimum Wages in the context of
the Minimum Wages Act, 1948, in the financial capacity of
the employer a relevant factor in determining the
minimum wages? To what extent does this Act meet the
requirements of the workers in India?
9. Can an issue be raised by a non-registration union?
Analyze the rights of a Registered Trade Union.
10.
According to ILO minimum age convention of 1973,
child labour refers to any work performed by children
under the age of 12, non-light work done by children aged
1214, and hazardous work done by children aged 1517.
Light work was defined, under this Convention, as any
work that does not harm a child's health and
development, and that does not interfere with his or her
attendance at school. This convention has been ratified by
135 countries. India being a Party recognise the right of
the child to be protected from economic exploitation and

from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or


to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to
the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or
social development. In light of the above statement
analyze the conditions of child rights in India in relation to
the provisions under Indian Constitution and other labour
legislations.