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The Road to the Landfill

A student investigation of the path of waste.

The Road to the Landfill outlines a hands-on, how does it work investigation of the
path of waste from classroom and home to the landfill and more. This plan helps students identify the method and cost of the their own waste disposal and the associated
environmental implications and protections. The intention is that with an understanding of the process of solid waste management, students will make educated choices on
their own solid waste reduction in the future. This lesson has real-world applications in
technology, math, careers, environment, and geography.

The Road to the


Landfill

Createdfor:
LewisandClarkCounty
DontWasteMontanaProgram
316NorthParkAvenue,Helena,Montana59623
4064478028
Contact:EmilyPost,SustainabilityCoordinator

Toaccessthislessononline,visit:
DontWasteMontana
http://DontWasteMontana.org

Createdby:
CamasProjectSolutions

JenDowning

POBox1,WiseRiver,Montana59762
jtitus@camasprojectsolutions.com
4069604855

CaddyShackManagementServices
JeanneCaddy
POBox121,Divide,Montana59727
caddyshack@smtel.com
4062673354

April2013

The Road to the Landfill


Page 1

Teacher
Resources

1.Introduction

Introduction

FindYourSolidWasteProfessional

LessonInformation

2.ToolstoCoordinateyourLesson

FieldtripInformationFormsharewithyoursolidwasteprofessionalstodocumentdetailsofyourlessonandtrips.

SampleParentPermissionForm

3.TeacherVersionsofStudentWorksheets

MySchoolGarbageTeacherVersion:Calculatetheamountoftrashthatleavestheschool

MyHomeGarbageTeacherVersion:Calculatetheamountoftrashthatleaveshome.

InMyGarbageTeacherVersion:Aninvestigationofthematerialsfoundinstudentstrash.

FieldTripWorksheet(2pages)TeacherVersion:Tracktrashinformationfromhomeandschooltorecycler,wastetrans
ferstationandlandfill.

SampleMap:Studentscreateageographicmaporaprocessmapofthetrashroute.
The Road to the Landfill
Page 2

Teacher
Introduction

Background
TheRoadtotheLandfillisde
signedtobeaframeworklesson
toleadstudentsandteachers
throughaninvestigationoftheir
ownsolidwastestreamwithhelp
fromtheirsolidwasteprofes
sional.Theinvestigationprovides
ahowdoesitworkhandson,
realworld,investigationofthe
wastestream.Figure1showsthe
logicalprogressionofapossible
investigation,althougheachin
vestigationmaybeslightlydiffer
ent.Theintentionofthelessonis
forstudentstofollowtheirnatu
ralcuriositytounderstandthe
wastestreamanddevelopalogi
calreasoningforwhyreducing
solidwasteisimportant.
Thelessonwasdevelopedunder
theDontWasteMontanapro
graminLewisandClarkCounty.
Figure1:Logicalinvestigationofthewastestream
TheprogramservedBroadwater,
JeffersonandLewisandClarkcounties.DontWasteMontanahelpsruralMontanacommunitiesmanagesolid
wastedisposalpracticesbyprovidingtoolsneededtoreducetheamountofsolidwastedeliveredtotransferstations,
whichultimatelyendsupinlandfills.Formore,visithttp://DontWasteMontana.org.
GettingStarted
TheRoadtotheLandfillshouldbetailoredtoyourownwastestream,yourinterest,andyourresources.
1. Workwithyoursolidwasteprofessionaltoidentifyyourwastestream,resourcesavailabletoyou,andinvolve
mentofyoursolidwasteprofessional.(seeFindYourSolidWasteProfessionalonthenextpage).
2. Determinehowmuchtimeyouplantoinvestinyourlesson.Aminimum,yeteffectiveplanis:
onepartialdayintheclassroomtointroducethelessonandinvestigatetheclassroomandschoolwaste
streamusingtheworksheets.Inviteyoursolidwasteprofessionaltovisit,answerstudentsquestions,
andintroducethefieldtrip.
oneeveningofstudenthomeinvestigationusingtheworksheet
oneday(orhalfdaydependingondistance)offieldtripfollowedbyastudentdiscussionandapplication
oftheinformationstudentscollected.
The Road to the Landfill
Page 3

Find Your
Solid Waste
Professional
FindYourSolidWasteLocations&SolidWasteProfessional
MontanaDepartmentofEnvironmentalQualityhostsanonlinemappingprogrammarkingthelocationsofsolid
wastefacilities.Findyourlocation,thenusethemappingprogramtofindtheclosestsolidwastefacilities.InMon
tana,typicallythereisonewastetransfersiteandonelandfilltoserveeachcounty,butnotinallcases.

Link:http://goo.gl/maps/92ghJ

MontanaDepartmentofEnvironmentalQualityRecyclingDivisioncanalsobeahelpfulresourceofstatewiderecy
clinginformationandcontacts:

Link:http://deq.mt.gov/Recycle/default.mcpx

DontWasteMontanahostsanonlineresourceofrecyclinglocationsstatewide.

Link:http://DontWasteMontana.org

Theremaybeothersolidwasteorrecyclingresourcesavailabletoyou.ContactDontWasteMontana,Montana
DepartmentofEnvironmentalQuality,oryourlocalsolidwastepersonneltoidentifyotherpossiblefacilities.

WorkingWithYourSolidWasteProfessional
ASolidWasteManageristypicallyacountyemployeewhooverseesoperationsatthelandfill.TheSolidWaste
Manageroverseeslandfillemployees,manageslandfilloperations,negotiatescostsofservices,andensuresenvi
ronmentalprotectionsareinplace.Eachlandfillisindependentandmayprovidedifferentservices.Providingan
opportunityforstudentsandresidentstoviewthelandfillandunderstandtheirwastestreamispartofthejob.
Thereareothersolidwasteprofessionalsinyourwastestreamthatmayalsobehelpful,includinggarbagehaul
servicesorwastetransfersiteoperators.
Whencontactingyoursolidwasteprofessional:
1.Introduceyourselfandwhereyouarecallingfrom.
2.Brieflydescribetheprojectandyourintentionoftheproject.
Askquestionsaboutyoursolidwastestream[Foryourschool,whatisthepathofwasteandwhois
responsibleforeach(i.e.city?county?privatecorporation?)?Doesthisvaryforthehomesof
studentsinyourclass?Wherearethefacilitieslocated?]
3.Brieflydescribewhatyouwouldlikeassistancewithandwhen.
4.Providethemwiththefieldtripinformationpageandcompletetheformtogether.
Yoursolidwasteprofessionalcanprovidevaluableinformationtoyouandyourstudents,buttheyarenota
teacherandtheirabilitytorelatetoyourstudentswillvarybetweenprofessionals.Considerhavingleadingques
tionsreadyforyourprofessionaltoaskyourstudentsandforstudentstoaskyourprofessional.Considerdiscussing
pointsofinterestsothatyourprofessionalknowsinadvancewhattopicsareimportant.Themoreyouguidethis
experience,themorebothyourstudentsandyoursolidwasteprofessionalwillgainfromtheexperience.

The Road to the Landfill


Page 4

Lesson
Information

Level
Thislessonisdesignedtomeeta4thgradelevel;however,itscontentcaneasilybeutilizedatanylevel.
LessonPurpose
ThepurposeofTheRoadtotheLandfillistoprovideaHowdoesitwork?investigationofthewastestreamusedby
thestudents.Theinformationprovidedinthislessoncreatesaframeworktoguidetheinvestigation,whileeachloca
tionmayhaveadifferentwastestreamtofollow.Theintentionofthelessonisforstudentstofollowtheirnaturalcuri
ositytoestablishanunderstandingandvalueofsolidwastemanagementtopromotestudentschoicestoreducesolid
wasteinthefuture.
Format
Teachersandsolidwasteprofessionalsworktogethertoguidestudentsinvestigationbothintheclassroomandona
fieldtrip.Studentsexpandtheirinvestigationtotheirschoolandhome.Theformatmaybetailoredtotheinterestand
resourcesavailable;however,werecommendthefollowingformat:
Classroom:Studentsareintroducedtobasicconceptsintheclassroomandcompletetheclassroomworksheet.Con
siderinvitingyoursolidwasteprofessionaltovisittheclassroom.Studentsresearchtheirwastestreamattheschool.
Studentstakethehomeworksheettoresearchtheirhomewastestream.
FieldTrip:Studentsfollowthepathoftheirwastestreamfromtheschooltothelandfill(i.e.visitthewastetransfersta
tion,visitthelandfill,visittherecyclingcenter).Studentsshouldcompletetheremainingworksheetsduringthefield
trip.
Discussion:Attheendofthefieldtrip,discusstheresultsofthestudentsinvestigation.Helpstudentsdrawconclusions
fromtheirinvestigationusingthediscussionguides.Theresultsofthediscussionwillvarybetweensolidwastestreams
andstudentabilitylevel.
Goals
Attheendofthisinvestigationstudentsshould:

understandthesolidwastestreamusedbytheirschoolandtheirhome.

understandinconcepthoweachportionofthesolidwastestreamworks;forexample,wastetransferfunction,
recyclingcenterprocesses,basicstructureofalandfill,orotherportionsofthesolidwastestream.

understandthatfeesarepartofsolidwastemanagementandidentifythecostsandsourcesofpayment.

relateenvironmentalprotectionstothesolidwastestream;forexample,waterqualitymonitoringandprotections
atfacilities.

considertheeffectsolidwastemanagementhasoncommunitiesintheshortandlongterm.

rationalizetheoptionsavailableinsolidwastemanagement,includingthecostsandbenefitsoftrashdisposal,re
cycling,reusingmaterials,andnotusingmaterials.

The Road to the Landfill


Page 5

Lesson
Information

(continued)
Keywords
Thefollowingkeywordsmaybeutilizedduringthislesson;however,theremaybeadditionsoromissionsdependingon
yourparticularwastestream:

landfill,wastetransferstation,ton,recycle,solidwaste,

LessonNotes

The Road to the Landfill


Page 6

Leading a
Student
Discussion

Discussion
Aidingstudentsinprocessingtheinformationtheylearnedisacriticalpieceoftheinvestigation.Duringtheclasswork
andfieldtrip,studentscollectedbackgroundinformationanddataontheirsolidwastestream.Thenextstepistoap
plythatinformationinameaningfulway.Considerholdingyourstudentdiscussionwithyoursolidwasteprofessional
present,perhapsattheendofafieldtrip,sothatyoursolidwasteprofessionalcanhelpanswerquestions.Thisinvesti
gationisdesignedtoleadagroupthroughanexaminationoftheirsolidwastestream,therefore,resultsofeachinves
tigationwillvary.However,therearesomeimportantpointsthatcanbepartofastudentconversation:
Economics:
Whiletonsoftrash,recyclingsystems,andhowtrashismovedisoftennewtostudents,noneofthemmaybemore
interestingthanhowmuchiscosts.Studentseasilylatchontotheimportanceofmoneyatmostanyage.Thecostof
solidwastedisposalandrecyclingcanbestaggering.Studentscanattempttoquantifythecostofsolidwastedisposal
bycalculating:

Costpermiletomovetrashcalculatebasedonthemilestraveledfromtheschool

Costpertontodisposeoftrashcalculatebasedonthetonsperyeargeneratedbyschoolandhome.

Costtorecycle,suchasproducttransferofrecycledgoods.

Costtomaintainfacilities,equipmentandemployees.

Environment:
Studentsmayhaveshowninterestintheenvironmentalimplicationsofsolidwastedisposal.Considerdiscussingthe
following:

Whatprotectionsareinplaceatthefacilitiesyouvisitedtoprotecttheenvironment?

Howdosolidwasteprofessionalsknowthattheenvironmentissafe?

Whatpartsoftheenvironmentcouldbeatrisk?(Groundwater?Streamwater?Air?Birdsandotherwildlife?)

Whataretheimpactstotheenvironmentlongfromnow?(forexample,whatwillhappenwhenthelandfillis
filled?Afteritisfilled,whatwillhappentothetrashinside?Howlongwilltheenvironmentbesafe?Whatcould
disruptthesafetytotheenvironment?
Community:
Whatimpactsdosolidwastedisposaloperationshaveonacommunity?Forexample,whatisnearbythelandfill?Near
theothersitesvisited?Wouldstudentswanttolivenearthelandfill?Neartheothersitesvisited?Whyorwhynot?
Shouldweconsiderthiswhenweconsiderourtrashdisposal?
ReducingSolidWaste:
Nowthatstudentshavebeenexposedtothewholewastestream,askstudentstheirimpressionofwhereoursolid
wasteshouldgoandhowmuchsolidwasteweshouldproduce.Askstudentsiftheirimpressionofthefacilitiesvisited
changedthewaystudentswanttodisposeoftheirwaste.Ifso,how?Whatwilltheydotoreducesolidwastetothe
landfill?
The Road to the Landfill
Page 7

Additional
Resources

AdditionalResources
Thefollowinglistprovidesreferencestoadditionalresources:
ReduceReuseRecycle
EnvironmentalActivitiesforKids
GreatWaystoProtecttheEnvironment
RecyclingProgramEducatorCareer
EarthFriendlyActivitiesforKids
DontThrowThatOut!
http://twistedsifter.com/2012/06/creativewaystorepurposereuseandupcycleoldthings/
http://pinterest.com/candacefox/upcycleandrepurposing/

Composting
Reduce,Reuse,Recycle:Composting
Compost:WhatisIt?
CompostingBins
MonitoringCompostMoisture
TheCompostPile
CompostingTipsandInformation
SchoolCompostingResources
KidsCompostingToolkit(PDF)
TheCompostConnection(PDF)
KidsRecipesforComposting(PDF)
HowtoCompostwithScrapsandRefuse
TheAdventuresofHermantheWorm
CompostingwithWillietheWorm
BuildingaWormFarm
WormCompostingforKids
AerobicDecomposition
ResponsibleUseofResources
BackyardBiology

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Page 8

Road to the Landfill


Classroom AND Landfill Field Trip Information Form
CLASSROOM VISIT
Date and time of classroom visit: ____________________________________________________________
School : ________________________________________________________________________________
School address: __________________________________________________________________________
Teacher's name: _________________________________________________________________________
Phone: _________________Ext. __________________ Email: ____________________________________
How many students: ____________Grade level: _________
FIELD TRIP
Date and time of field trip: __________________________ Inclement weather date: _________________
Name of landfill:_________________________________________________________________________
Solid Waste Manager: ____________________________________________________________________
Phone: _________________Ext. __________________ Email: ____________________________________
Landfill personnel who will be conducting field trip tour
(if other than Solid Waste Manager): ________________________________________________________
Phone: _________________Ext. __________________ Email: ____________________________________
Designated meeting place at landfill: _________________________________________________________
Estimated length of landfill visit: _____________________
What students can expect to learn during the classroom visit:
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________

Additional instructions and/or rules to follow at the landfill:


________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
The Road to the Landfill
Page 9

My School
Garbage

How much trash does your school generate?


Teacher Version

Dothemath...
Howmuchtrashfromyourclassroom?(Theanswerstoquestions14couldbeavolume,weight,orboth)
1. Whatisthecapacityofthetrashcaninyourclassroom?
Considerlookingatthebottomofthecanforastampofvolumeorhavestudentsmeasurevolume.

2.Howfullisitattheendoftheschoolday?

i.e.Completelyfull?Halffull?Quarterfull?

3.Howmuchtrashisgeneratedinyourclassroomeachweek?(Thisistheamountoftrashinonedayaddedup5times,oneforeachday)

Weightwouldbebestasitappliestotheestimateoftonsproducedbytheschool.[Poundsoftrashperweek=poundsperdayx5schooldaysperweek]

4.Howmuchtrashisgeneratedinyourclassroomeachyear?(ThisistheamountoftrashInoneweekaddedforeachweekofschool)

[Poundsoftrashperyear=poundsperweekx40weeksofschool]

Howmuchtrashfromyourschool?
Interviewyourschoolcustodianforhelpansweringquestion5.Thegarbagehaulingcompanythatemptiesyourschooldumpstermightbeabletohelptoo.

5.Whatistheweightofthetrashthatyourschoolproduceseachweek?(Forexample,ifyourdumpsterisemptiedonceperweek,thenthiscouldbethesize
ofyourdumpster)

Poundscanbeestimated.Studentscouldalsoinvestigatethevolumeofthedumpsterandcompareittotheclassroomcanvolume.

6.Whatistheweightofthetrashyourschoolproduceseachyear?(Thisistheamountyourschoolproducesinaweekaddedforeachweekofschool).

[Poundsoftrashperyear=poundsperweekx40weeksofschool]

TonsofTrash
Landfillsmeasuretrashbytons,whichisaweight.Inordertocomparethetrashcreatedbyyourschoolwiththetrashsenttothelandfill,weneedtoknowhowmany
tonsyourschoolproduceseachyear.Thereare2,000poundsin1ton.Askforhelptoestimatehowmanytonsoftrashleaveyourschooleachyear.Youwillusethis
numberonyourfieldtrip.

7.Numberoftonsoftrashmyschoolproduceseachyear=[Tonsoftrashperyear=Poundsoftrashperyear2000pounds]
The Road to the Landfill
Page 10

My Home
Garbage

How much trash does your home generate?


Teacher Version

Dothemath...
Howmuchtrashdoesyourhomeproduce?

1.Describehowmuchtrashiscreatedbyyourhomeeachweek.

Doyouuseagarbagecan?Doyouliveinaplacelikeanapartmentwheremanypeopleputtheirtrashintoonedumpster?In
eithercase,describehowmuchtrashyourhomeproduceseachweek.Forexample,Wefillonegarbagecaneachweek.The
garbagecanholds30gallons,soweproduce30gallonseachweekorWefillonegarbagebagtwiceaweekandtakeittothedumpster.Eachbagholds10gal
lons,sowecreate20gallonsoftrasheachweek.

Thiscanbedescribedanywayitmakessensetothestudent.Encouragestudentstouseweightsinceitcomparestotheschool,butnotallstudentswillbe
abletoweightheirgarbage.

2.Howmuchtrashisgeneratedbyyourhomeeachyear?Thisistheamountoftrashyourhomeproduceseachweekaddedtogether52timessincethere
are52weeksinoneyear.

[Poundsoftrashperyear=poundsoftrashperweekx52weeksinayear]

TonsofTrash
Canyouweighyourtrashtomeasurethenumberofpoundsoftrashyourhomeproducesinaweek?Landfillsmeasuretrashbytons,whichisaweight.Inorderto
comparethetrashcreatedbyyourhomewiththetrashsenttothelandfill,weneedtoknowhowmanytonsyourhomeproduceseachyear.Thereare2,000pounds
in1ton.Askforhelptoestimatehowmanytonsoftrashleaveyourhomeeachyear.Youwillusethisnumberonyourfieldtrip.

3.Numberoftonsoftrashmyhomeproduceseachyear=[Tonsoftrashperyear=Poundsoftrashperyear2000]

Howisyourtrashmoved?

4.Wheredoesthetrashgoafteritleavesyourhouse?

Thiswillbedifferentforeachstudent,forexampleWasteTransferStation,thenLandfill.Encouragestudentstoidentifywhereeachsiteis.

5.Howmuchdoesitcostyourfamilyfortrashserviceeachyear?Howisitpaidandtowhom?

Havestudentsasktheirfamilyforthecostandhowitispaid.

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In My
Garbage

What is in your trash?

Teacher Version

YourSchoolGarbage
Lookinyourclassroomgarbagecanandexaminethetrash.

1.Whatmaterialsdoyousee?(Plastic?Paper?Cardboard?)

Forexample,paperandplastic.

2.Couldanyofthismaterialbeusedanotherway?Forexample,couldthematerialberecycledorreused?How?

Forexample,thepaperandplasticcouldberecycled.

YourHomeGarbage
Lookinyourhomegarbageandexaminethetrash.

3.Whatmaterialsdoyousee?(Plastic?Paper?Cardboard?)

Forexample,plastic,cardboard,foodwaste,useddiapers.

4.Couldanyofthismaterialbeusedanotherway?Forexample,couldthematerialberecycledorreused?How?

Forexample,theplasticandcardboardcouldberecycled.Thefoodwastecouldbecomposted.Idontthinkthatwecandoanythingelsewiththe

dirtydiapers,butwecouldusereusablediapersinsteadofdisposablediapers.

The Road to the Landfill


Page 12

The Road to
the Landfill

School
List the path of trash at your school:

Name:
Teacher Version

1. Classroom garbage can

Home
List the path of trash at your home:
1. Kitchen garbage can

2. School Dumpster

2. Garage garbage can

3. Garbage Truck

3. Dad moves can to the transfer station.

4. xxxxxx City Waste Transfer Station


5. xxxxxx County Landfill

4. xxxxxx City Waste Transfer Station


5. xxxxxx County Landfill

How many tons of garbage leave your


school each year (from your My School
Garbage worksheet)?

How many tons of trash leave your home


each year (from your My Home Garbage worksheet)?

# tons per year

# tons per year

Who pays for garbage to be hauled?


i.e. The school district. Information could come
from principal.
How much does it cost?

Does your school recycle? Circle one


NO

Does your school do anything else with


its waste (for example, does your school
compost lunch room waste?) Circle one
YES

My parents in their taxes or in their rent.


How much does it cost?
$ per year

i.e. $ per year

YES

Who pays for garbage to be hauled?

NO

Does your home recycle? Circle one


YES

NO

Does your home do anything else with its


waste (for example, does your home
compost food waste?) Circle one
YES

NO
The Road to the Landfill
Page 13

Recycler

Waste Transfer
Site

Name of Facility: ______________________

Name of Facility: ______________________

Location:______________________________

Location:______________________________

How many miles is it from your ...

How many miles is it from your ...

School?__________ Home?______________

School?__________ Home?______________

What year did it open?_________________

What year did it open?_________________

What materials are recycled here?


______________________________________
______________________________________

What is it used for?


______________________________________
______________________________________

How much recycling goes through each


week? (Based on that number, figure out
how many tons of recycling for each year.
This is the amount per week added 52
times):
[tonsperyear=tonsperdayx52weeksina

How many tons of trash goes through


each week? (Based on that number, figure out how many tons of trash for each
year. This is the amount per week added
52 times):
[tonsperyear=tonsperdayx52weeksina

year]_________________________________

year]_________________________________

How many people work here? __________

How many people work here? __________

Who owns it?__________________________

Who owns it?__________________________

Who uses it?__________________________

Who can use it?________________________

Do people get paid for bringing in their


recycling? How much?
______________________________________

Is there a fee to use it? How much is it?

How much land does this facility cover?


______________________________________

______________________________________
How much land does this facility cover?
______________________________________

Landfill
Name of Facility: ______________________
Location:______________________________
How many miles is it from your ...
School?__________ Home?______________
What year did it open?_________________
What can be dumped here?
______________________________________
______________________________________
How many tons of trash is dumped here
each week? (Based on that number, figure out how many tons of trash for each
year. This is the amount per week added
52 times):
[tonsperyear=tonsperdayx52weeksina
year]_________________________________
How many people work here? __________
Who owns it?__________________________
Who can use it?________________________
Is there a fee to use it? How much is it?
______________________________________
How much land does this facility cover?
______________________________________
The Road to the Landfill
Page 14

MyRoadtotheLandfillSampleStudentMap

N
Recycler

Dumpster
2.5miles

4miles
Myschool
4.75miles

1.75miles

WasteTransferFacility

Myhouse
7miles

Garbagetruck

NOTES
Wehaulourowntrashtoadumpsite.Then
dumpstersaremovedtothetransferstation
andthenatruckhaulsittothelandfill.We
alsohaulourrecyclingtotherecyclingcen
terourselves.Weneverdrivetothelandfill.

Lake
Landfill

Thegarbagetruckcomestomyschooland
takesthetrashtothelandfill.Wedont
havearecyclingprogramatmyschool.
The Road to the Landfill
Page 15

Student
Worksheets
1. MySchoolGarbage:Calculatetheamountoftrashthatleavestheschool.
2. MyHomeGarbage:Calculatetheamountoftrashthatleaveshome.
3. InMyGarbage:Aninvestigationofthematerialsfoundinstudentstrash.
4. FieldTripWorksheet(2pages):Tracktrashinformationfromhomeandschooltorecycler,waste
transferstationandlandfill.
5. Map:Studentscancreateageographicmaporprocessmapoftherouteoftheirtrash.

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Page 16

The Road to the Landfill

Investigating the Path of Your Trash

My School
Garbage

How much trash does your school generate?

Dothemath...
Howmuchtrashfromyourclassroom?(Theanswerstoquestions14couldbeavolume,weight,orboth)
1. Whatisthecapacityofthetrashcaninyourclassroom?

2.Howfullisitattheendoftheschoolday?

3.Howmuchtrashisgeneratedinyourclassroomeachweek?(Thisistheamountoftrashinonedayaddedup5times,oneforeachday)

4.Howmuchtrashisgeneratedinyourclassroomeachyear?(ThisistheamountoftrashInoneweekaddedforeachweekofschool)

Howmuchtrashfromyourschool?
Interviewyourschoolcustodianforhelpansweringquestion5.Thegarbagehaulingcompanythatemptiesyourschooldumpstermightbeabletohelptoo.

5.Whatistheweightofthetrashthatyourschoolproduceseachweek?(Forexample,ifyourdumpsterisemptiedonceperweek,thenthiscouldbethesize
ofyourdumpster)

6.Whatistheweightofthetrashyourschoolproduceseachyear?(Thisistheamountyourschoolproducesinaweekaddedforeachweekofschool).

TonsofTrash
Landfillsmeasuretrashbytons,whichisaweight.Inordertocomparethetrashcreatedbyyourschoolwiththetrashsenttothelandfill,weneedtoknowhowmany
tonsyourschoolproduceseachyear.Thereare2,000poundsin1ton.Askforhelptoestimatehowmanytonsoftrashleaveyourschooleachyear.Youwillusethis
numberonyourfieldtrip.

7.Numberoftonsoftrashmyschoolproduceseachyear=__________________

The Road to the Landfill


Page S-1

My Home
Garbage

How much trash does your home generate?

Dothemath...
Howmuchtrashdoesyourhomeproduce?

1.Describehowmuchtrashiscreatedbyyourhomeeachweek.

Doyouuseagarbagecan?Doyouliveinaplacelikeanapartmentwheremanypeopleputtheirtrashintoonedumpster?In
eithercase,describehowmuchtrashyourhomeproduceseachweek.Forexample,Wefillonegarbagecaneachweek.The
garbagecanholds30gallons,soweproduce30gallonseachweekorWefillonegarbagebagtwiceaweekandtakeittothedumpster.Eachbagholds10gal
lons,sowecreate20gallonsoftrasheachweek.

2.Howmuchtrashisgeneratedbyyourhomeeachyear?Thisistheamountoftrashyourhomeproduceseachweekaddedtogether52timessince there
are52weeksinoneyear.

TonsofTrash
Canyouweighyourtrashtomeasurethenumberofpoundsoftrashyourhomeproducesinaweek?Landfillsmeasuretrashbytons,whichisaweight.Inorderto
comparethetrashcreatedbyyourhomewiththetrashsenttothelandfill,weneedtoknowhowmanytonsyourhomeproduceseachyear.Thereare2,000pounds
in1ton.Askforhelptoestimatehowmanytonsoftrashthatleavesyourhomeeachyear.Youwillusethisnumberonyourfieldtrip.

3.Numberoftonsoftrashmyhomeproduceseachyear=__________________

Howisyourtrashmoved?

4.Wheredoesthetrashgoafteritleavesyourhome?

5.Howmuchdoesitcostyourfamilyfortrashserviceeachyear?Howisitpaidandtowhom?

The Road to the Landfill


Page S-2

In My
Garbage

What is in your trash?

YourSchoolGarbage
Lookinyourclassroomgarbagecanandexaminethetrash.

1.Whatmaterialsdoyousee?(Plastic?Paper?Cardboard?)

2.Couldanyofthismaterialbeusedanotherway.Forexample,couldthematerialberecycledorreused?How?

YourHomeGarbage
Lookinyourhomegarbageandexaminethetrash.

3.Whatmaterialsdoyousee?(Plastic?Paper?Cardboard?)

4.Couldanyofthismaterialbeusedanotherway?Forexample,couldthematerialberecycledorreused?How?

The Road to the Landfill


Page S-3

The Road to
the Landfill

School

Name:

List the path of trash at your school:

_________________________________

1. Classroom garbage can

Home
List the path of trash at your home:
1. Kitchen garbage can

2.

2.

3.

3.

4.

4.

5.

5.

How many tons of garbage leave your


school each year (from your My School
Garbage worksheet)?

Who pays for garbage to be hauled?

How much does it cost?

How many tons of trash leave your home


each year (from your My Home Garbage worksheet)?

Who pays for garbage to be hauled?

How much does it cost?

Does your home recycle?


Does your school recycle?
YES

NO

Does your school do anything else with


its waste (for example, does your school
compost lunch room waste?)
YES

NO

YES

NO

Does your home do anything else with its


waste (for example, does your home
compost food waste?)
YES

NO
The Road to the Landfill
Page S-4

Recycler

Waste
Transfer Site

Name of Facility: ______________________

Name of Facility: ______________________

Location:______________________________

Location:______________________________

How many miles is it from your ...

How many miles is it from your ...

School?__________ Home?______________

School?__________ Home?______________

What year did it open?_________________

What year did it open?_________________

What materials are recycled here?


______________________________________
______________________________________

What is it used for?


______________________________________
______________________________________

How much recycling goes through each


week? (Based on that number, figure out
how many tons of recycling for each year.
This is the amount per week added 52
times):
______________________________________

How many tons of trash goes through


each week? (Based on that number, figure out how many tons of trash for each
year. This is the amount per week added
52 times):
______________________________________

______________________________________

______________________________________

How many people work here? __________

How many people work here? __________

Who owns it?__________________________

Who owns it?__________________________

Who uses it?__________________________

Who can use it?________________________

Do people get paid for bringing in their


recycling? How much?
______________________________________

Is there a fee to use it? How much is it?

How much land does this facility cover?


______________________________________

______________________________________
How much land does this facility cover?
______________________________________

Landfill
Name of Facility: ______________________
Location:______________________________
How many miles is it from your ...
School?__________ Home?______________
What year did it open?_________________
What can be dumped here?
______________________________________
______________________________________
How many tons of trash is dumped here
each week? (Based on that number, figure out how many tons of trash for each
year. This is the amount per week added
52 times):
______________________________________
______________________________________
How many people work here? __________
Who owns it?__________________________
Who can use it?________________________
Is there a fee to use it? How much is it?
______________________________________
How much land does this facility cover?
______________________________________
The Road to the Landfill
Page S-5

MapyourRoadtotheLandfill.Includeyourhome,school,thewastetransferstation,therecycler,thelandfill,andnaturalfeatures,suchaslakes,parksorwetlands.

My Road to the Landfill

NOTES:

The Road to the Landfill


Page S-6