You are on page 1of 2

High Pressure Boilers Features and Advantages

me-mechanicalengineering.com /high-pressure-boilers-features-and-advantages/

A boiler is called a high pressure boiler when it operates with a steam pressure above 80 bar. The highpressure boilers are widely used for power generation in thermal power plants.
In high-pressure boiler if the feed-water pressure increases, the saturation temperature of water rises and the
latent heat of vaporization decreases. The feed water can be heated to saturation of temperature in the
economizer with the help of waste heat. Recovery from the exhaust gases escaping to chimney. Then the
boiler supplies only latent heat of vaporization and superheat. Thus, a boiler operation at high pressure will
require less heat addition for steam generation.

Features of High pressure Boilers


High-pressure boilers have the following features:
1. Forced circulation of water in all modern high-pressure boilers, the force circulation of water is
maintained with the help of pumps. It increases the help of pumps. It increases the mean temperature of heat
addition and evaporation capacity if the boiler.
2. Large number of small diameter tubes the surface-area-to-volume-ratio (area density) increases with the
use of small-diameter tubes. It helps in high rate of the heat transfer to water flowing inside the tubes.
Therefore, a large number of small density tubes in a zigzag manner are used for water circulation in forced
circulation. Further, use of a short tube reduces the pressure loss and gives better control the quality of
steam.
3. Higher steam pressure and temperature the steam is generated at a pressure between 80 bar to 300 bar
and temperature of 450C to 585C with two super heaters in series. The use of such stream is very suitable
for power generation. It increases thermal efficiency of the plant and reduces the moisture contents in low
pressure stages of expansion in the turbine.
4. Improved mode of heat transfer modern high-pressure boilers use the heat transfer by radiation along
with conduction and convection. The total heat-receiving equipment is divided into several parts. So they can
easily be located in various zones of the furnace for most efficient heat transfer to the water circuit.
5. Improved mode of heating the high-pressure boilers use the following methods for improved heat transfer
rate:
Evaporative of water above critical pressure of steam.
Heating of water by mixing superheated steam for high heat transfer rate.
Increasing the combustion air velocity over the tube.
6. Pressurized combustion for increasing the combustion rate and thus heat-release rate, pressurized air is
used in the furnace. It gives large amount of heat in a small space.
7. Compactness the high rate of heat transfer inside the boiler reduces the overall size of the boiler and the
boiler becomes compact.
8. High efficiency High-pressure boilers have better firing methods, monitoring, furnace conditions, control
flue gases and water velocity.
9. Intensive heating the furnace temperature in high-pressure boilers is high enough and therefore, 70% of
heat is transferred to water by radiation. This is a faster way of heat transfer.

1/2

10. Once through construction in high-pressure boiler operating at and above the critical pressure, the water
directly flashes into steam in the tube itself. It eliminates the need of a boiler drum.

Advantages of High pressure Boilers


High-pressure boilers use the forced circulation of water which ensures the positive circulation of water and
increased evaporative capacity.
They require less heat of vaporization.
They are compact and thus require less floor space.
Due to high velocity of water, the tendency of scale formation is minimized.
All parts are uniformly heated and the danger of overheating is minimized.
The steam can be raised quickly to meet the variable load requirements without use of complicated control
devices.
The plant efficiency is increased.
With the use of high-pressure boilers, the steam generation is economical.

2/2