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1.

FUNCTIONS:
Express the relation between the following pairs of sets in the form of arrow diagram,
ordered pair and graph.
Arrow diagram
Ordered pair
Graph

a ) Set A =
Kelantan, Perak ,
Selangor
Set B = Shah Alam ,
Kota Bharu ,Ipoh
Relation: City of the
state in Malaysia
b )Set A =
triangle,rectangle,
pentagon
Set B = 3,4,5
Relation : Number of
Sides

Determine domain , codomain , object, image and range of relation.


1. Diagram 1 shows the relation between set P and set Q.

3
2

-2

-3

Set P

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

Diagram 1

Set Q

Domain =

Codomain =
Object
=
Image
=
Range
=...
Ordered Pairs =

Classifying the types of relations

State the type of the following relations


a)

x
2

..
c)

3
2
-3

-2
-3

36

16

xX

b)

X2

4
9

..

.
Type of number

d)
4
9
-3

Prime
Even

1. Diagram 1 shows the relations between two sets of number.

9
DIAGRAM 1

(a) State the type of relation between set A and set B.


(b) Using function notation, write a relation between set A and set B.
[ 2 marks ]

Answer(a)____________
_____
(b) _________________
2. Given the function h such that h( x) x 2 kx 5 . Find the value of k given

h(3) 2

[2 marks]

Answer : _________________

3.

The ordered pairs of a certain relation are given as


{ ( 0, 0 ), ( 1, 1 ), ( 2, 4 ), ( 3, 9 ) }. Identify
(a) the domain
(b) the range
of the relation.

[2 marks]

Answer :
(a)____________
(b)____________
4.

Diagram 2 shows the graph of a quadratic function


f(x) = x2.
y
y=f(x)

State

DIAGRAM 2

(a) the type of relation


(b) whether the graph indicates a function.

[ 2 marks ]

Answer :
(a) ________
(b) ________

5. In Diagram 3, set Q shows the images of certain elements of set P


2
1

-1

-2
Set Q

Set P
DIAGRAM 3

(a) State the type of relation between set P and set Q


(b) Using the function notation, write a relation between set P and set Q
[2 marks]

Answer (a)__________________
(b) _________________

m 9x
x

1
3

27
DIAGRAM 4

1
6. Diagram 4 shows the function f : x

Find the value of

m 9x
, x 0 , where m is a constant.
x

[2 marks]

Answer:____________________

7.
1
2
3

4
5
6

1
2
3

4
5
6

1
2
3

4
5
6

The arrow diagrams above represents three different relations.


( a ) Which one represents the function?
( b ) Write down the range of the function.
[ 2 marks ]
Answer: ( a )
( b )

8. The arrow diagram shows part of the function

f : x x 2 2, complete the diagram below.


[ 2 marks ]

Answer:
x

f ( x)

-1

-1

-2

9.

Diagram 5 shows the mapping of x onto y by the function f.

6
7
8

3
4
5
DIAGRAM 5

Determine
(a) f(6)
(b) f 1 (5)
(2 marks)
Answer :(a)____________
(b)____________
10.

Diagram 6 shows the function g : x

mx
,
2
mx
2

x
g

DIAGRAM 6

Find the value of m


Answer :____________

Answer SET 1

1.

(a) one to one (b) f : x 3 x

2.

k= -4

a) { 0, 1, 2,3 }
b) { 0, 1, 4, 9 }

4.

a) Many to one
b) Yes

5.

6.

(a) many to one


(b) f ( x) x 2 2

m 12

7.

a) B

8.

b) {4,5}
x

9.

10.

f(x)

-1

-1

-2

(a) 3 , (b) 8

m = 10