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BEKAERT BROCHURE def

13-05-2003

11:03

Pagina 1

CEB TECHNOLOGY DISCRIPTION

THE BEKAERT GROUP


CEB SYSTEMS

Picture of venturi system. Gas is purged through a


venturi injector, mounted at the bottom end of the burner
system. The kinetic energy of the injected gas draws
in air for complete stoichiometric combustion.

CEB 100

CEB 350

CEB 4500

CEB 5500

Capacity*

Metric
Imperial

2.400 Nm3/day
85,000 SCFD

8.500 Nm3/day
300,000 SCFD

100.000 Nm3/day
3.5 MMSCFD

140.000 Nm3/day
5.0 MMSCFD

MAIN ACTIVITIES

Footprint
and height

Metric
Imperial

1,2 x 1,2 m x 3,5 m


4 x 4 x 12

1,2 x 1,2 m x 3,5 m


4 x 4 x 12

3,0 x 2,6 m x 6,2 m


10 x 8.5 x 20

2,8 x 2,4 m x 6,2 m


9 x 8 x 20

Weight

Metric
Imperial

300 kg
650 lbs

600 kg
1,300 lbs

7,5 Ton
16,000 lbs

6 Ton
13,000 lbs

Battery limit
flange connections

2 ANSI 150 lbs RF

2 ANSI 150 lbs RF

3 ANSI 150 lbs RF

3 ANSI 150 lbs RF

Noise at max.
capacity (dB)

< 60

< 60

< 72

< 75

The Bekaert Group is technology-driven


and a world leader in advanced metal
transformation and coating technologies.
Their current activities
are built around four
business units; Bekaert
has a leading position in
Steel Wire, Merchant
Products (Fences),
Steel Cord and is a
fast growing producer
of Advanced Materials
(Bekaert Advanced
Materials)

*Based on reference gas with heating value of 37 MJ/Nm3 (993 BTU/FT3)

Picture of diffuser system. In the diffuser, connected


to the venturi, the velocity of the premix is reduced
and the pressure increases. This, to generate static
pressure to force the premix through the permeable
medium of knitted metal fibres (NIT) after it was
sufficiently mixed in the premix chamber.

Picture of the patented Bekaert NIT-mesh. The NIT


consists of several layers of metal fibres. By forming an
oxidised layer around each fibre it is capable of with
standing temperatures up to 1300C (2,400 F). The NIT
is constantly cooled by the premix. Because the metal
fibres have a relatively large surface area compared to
their volume, they cool rapidly. This also makes the CEB
systems flash back resistant.

G E N E R A L T E C H N I C A L S P E C I F I C AT I O N S
: 0 - 10 BarG.
(0 150 PSIG)
(0-1,000 kPa)
Emission Levels**
: NOx < 15 ppm
: CO < 10 ppm
: CxHy < 10 ppm
Combustion efficiency** : 99,99 % over full
operational range
Operating temperature** : 1.100-1.200C
(2,000-2,200F)
Ground temperature** : Ambient during operation.
Capacity vs Pressure
: Linear relationship
Corrosion Protection
flow wetted parts
: NACE-MR-01-75
Standard General
Electrical Equipment
: according to
EN 60204
: IEC
Standard Explosion
proof protection EU
: according to
CENELEC/ATEX
EN 50014 and
EN 50018
North America
: UL/CSA

C A PA C I T Y C E B 5 5 0 0 S E R I E S

Pressure Range

**Measured and certified by European Notified Bodies

Picture of premixed combustion process. Combustion


occurs just above the NIT. Blue stable flames hover
above the surface and release the major part of their
energy in a convective way.

Founded in 1880
Headquartered in Belgium
Over 80 plants around the world
Global network of sales offices and agents
Employs over 17,000 people world wide

BEKAERT COMBUSTION
TECHNOLOGIES
Bekaert CEB Technologies BV is part of Bekaert
Combustion Technology a division of Bekaert
Advanced Materials (BAM). Bekaert Combustion
Technology has more than 15 years experience
in premix surface combustion technologies for
numerous applications around the world. Bekaert
CEB Technologies is located in Eindhoven, The
Netherlands and Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

BEKAERT CEB TECHNOLOGIES


Steenoven 13

Phone

5626 DK Eindhoven Fax


The Netherlands

: +31 (0) 40 235 2222


: +31 (0) 40 235 2221

Website : www.ceb-technologies.com
E-mail

: info@ceb-technologies.com

3000 Petro-Canada

Phone

: +1 403 399 9927

Centre

Fax

: +1 403 539 5098

150-6 Avenue S.W

Website : www.ceb-technologies.com

Calgary, Alberta

E-mail

th

T2P 3Y7 Canada

: info@ceb-technologies.com

Bekaert CEB Technologies BV is specialized in


the engineering, supply and rental services of
complete premix surface combustion systems.
These combustion systems known as Clean
Enclosed Burner (CEB), are designed for
environmentally friendly handling of waste gases,
produced by various industrial activities. The
Clean Enclosed Burner (CEB) systems are
serving the upstream and downstream oil and
gas industry as well as the process-, landfilland waste water treatment markets.

BEKAERT BROCHURE def

13-05-2003

11:04

Pagina 2

CONVENTIONAL vs
CEB COMBUSTION
Industrial processing activities create significant
amounts of waste gases. These gases need to be
handled in a safe and environmentally friendly way,
preferably by oxidation (combustion).
Conventional flare systems are commonly handling
these oxidation processes. Due to the atmospheric
combustion principle, these conventional systems
have emissions with high percentages of unburned
hydrocarbons and CO levels.
As a result of the relative high combustion temperature, due to the hot spots in the flame, and a
relative long residence time, conventional flare
systems are emitting serious amounts of NOx.
All of these emissions have a big impact on the
greenhouse effect.
Another disadvantage of these systems are the
long diffuse yellow flames that create high levels
of heat and radiation.

CEB overcomes these problems by using an


enclosed premixed controlled surface combustion
technology. Premixed surface combustion creates
short blue flames and a very short residence time.
As a result of these two factors emissions are
negligible and cooling facilities are not required for
any CEB combustion process.
The overall combustion efficiency of CEB systems
exceeds 99.99%.

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CEB SYSTEMS

W E L L T E S T, P E R M A F R O S T, N O R T H W E S T T E R R I T O R I E S , C A N A D A

LANDFILL

Combustion efficiency 99,99 % over full operational range


<
15 ppm
Emissions:
NOx
<
10 ppm
C xH y
CO
<
10 ppm
CEB is capable to handle only 15% methane equivalents to realise complete combustion
CEB is capable to handle aggressive components like H2S or NHx
Pressure ranges 0 up to 10 BarG (0150 PSIG) (0-1,000 kPa)
Large turn down ratio in terms of capacity
Large turn down ratio in terms of gas composition
CEB is capable of handling multiple gas streams with different
gas compositions and flow rates
Elimination of luminous flames and infra red heat radiation
Absolute smokeless combustion over full operational range
No cooling auxiliaries are required like steam or water injection
Can be installed nearby critical installations
No start-up or warming up time required
Residence time is not applicable for complete combustion
Optional heat recovery available
Small footprint and size
Easy increase of capacity by connecting additional modular units
Easy to operate, transport and install
Low noise levels

For a major Canadian Oil Company Bekaert CEB Technologies performed a well test
on the permafrost in Northern Canada with 4 CEB 4500s. The bottom picture shows
the plant layout by daylight, including the burning conventional flare. In the circled area
the CEBs are seen and the picture is a perfect example of the small size of the CEB
4500 in relation to conventional flaring systems.
The conventional flare heats up the area which means the
flare may melt into the permafrost. To avoid melting of the
permafrost the conventional flare has to be turned of,
decreasing productivity significantly.
CEBs were used during this well test to reduce emissions,
avoid heating up of the area, increase productivity to 24/7
and prevent landscape pollution. On the top picture CEB
4500s are running at maximum capacity during the night.
CEBs flexibility in capacity is clearly demonstrated by
connecting additional CEBs to increase capacity up to the
desired level. The image is a good example of the complete
enclosed combustion process. Other well test applications
are tight holes, urbanized areas, landowner concerns,
environmental concerns and sour gas.

On a Dutch Landfill site, Bekaert CEB Technologies


installed a custom made CEB 350 unit integral
executed with Roots type blowers. Two separate
Roots type blowers abstract landfill gas from the
landfill site. The main gas stream (15-55% methane)
from the center is pre-mixed with a larger secondary
stream from the outside slopes of the landfill site.
The secondary stream consists of air polluted with
methane and smell components (1-8%), causing
considerable odor emission on the landfill site. Due
to the underpressure created by the secondary
stream on the outside slopes of the landfill site,
the odor emissions have been eliminated. The
secondary stream also serves as air supply for
the combustion process.

M A I N A P P L I C AT I O N S

G A S P I P E L I N E S , P R E S S U R E R E L I E F O P E R AT I O N

Well testing, completion and well clean up


Oil and gas pipelines
Refineries and chemical plants: flaring,
incineration and thermal oxidation
Land fill sites: bio gas
Waste water treatment plants: bio gas
Marine, truck and railway loading facilities
Gas plants
Oil batteries
And many more

Fluxys NV in Belgium used Bekaert CEB Technologies for pressure


relief operations of main gas transport pipelines. After the pipeline is
blocked in for inspection and maintenance, the gas pressure is relieved
by the CEB combustion process. CEB is chosen because it has low
emissions, no visible flames, low noise levels and large turn down
ratios. Combustion of the gas eliminates any venting. Vented gas has
a 25 times bigger impact on the greenhouse effect than CO2. Also the
noise level of the CEB combustion process is considerable lower than
the noise level of gas venting. Bekaert CEB Technologies provides this
distribution company a better image towards the public, landowners
and environmental agencies.

H 2S
The Clean Enclosed Burner (CEB) are also capable
of handling gas mixtures with high toxic H2S levels.
Dispersion calculations according to the EPA Screen
3 model show that a level of 14% H2S can be
handled remaining below the maximum value of 450
mg/m3 (equivalent to 0,2 ppm). This in accordance
with the most stringent regulations of North America.
CEBs were used on applications with H2S levels
up to 28%.

REFINERY
The CEB 4500 is here used on a storage and processing facility to combust solution gas and
waste gas on a large refinery site. The gas composition varies from small hydrocarbons up to
heavy ends. The CEB 4500 was the preferred solution due to its low emissions, no visible flames,
low noise, complete combustion of H2S, its large turn down ratio and the possibility to combust
multiple gas streams with different flow rates and gas compositions. Similar applications are
continuous flaring at refineries and chemical complexes or combustion of waste gases from
strippers (even steam!!) or batch chemical reactors.

W A S T E W AT E R T R E AT M E N T
On waste water treatment sites, Bekaert CEB
Technologies installed CEB 350s as an
emergency flare to combust biogas produced
by the anaerobic fermentation process.
The CEB 350 was the selected technology
because it only needs 15% of methane equivalents
to realize complete combustion, its large turn
down ratios in gas composition and flow rate,
its low emissions and low operational costs.
For more detailed information about these
applications and others please visit our website
www.ceb-technologies.com