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Esai adalah suatu tulisan yang menggambarkan opini penulis tentang sesuatu

subyek tertentu yang coba dinilainya.


Bagian esai:
1. Pendahuluan yang berisi latar belakang informasi yang mengidentifikasi
subyek yang akan dinilai oleh si penulis tersebut.
2. Tubuh esai yang menyajikan seluruh informasi tentang subyek.
3. Bagian akhir yang memberikan kesimpulan dengan menyebutkan ide
pokok, ringkasan dari tubuh esai atau menambahkan beberapa observasi
tentang subyek yang dinilai oleh si penulis.
Langkah langkah penulisan esai:
1. Menentukan tema atau topik,
2. Membuat outline atau garis besar ide-ide yang akan kita bahas,
3. Menuliskan pendapat kita sebagai penulisnya dengan kalimat yang singkat
dan jelas,
4. Menulis tubuh esai; memulai denga memilah poin-poin penting yang akan
dibahas, kemudian buatlah beberapa subtema pembahasan agar lebih
memudahkan pembaca untuk memahami maksud dari gagasan kita
sebagai penulisnya, selanjutnya kita harus mengembangkan subtema
yang telah kita buat sebelumnya,
5. Membuat paragraf pertama yang sifatnya sebagai pendahuluan. Itu
sebabnya, yang akan kita tulis itu harus merupakan alasan atau latar
belakang alasan kita menulis esai tersebut,
6. Menuliskan kesimpulan. Ini penting karena untuk membentuk opini
pembaca kiita harus memberikan kesimpulan dari gagasan kita sebagai
penulisnya. Karena memangtugas penulis esai adalah seperti itu.
7. Jangan lupa untuk memeberikan sentuhan akhir pada tulisan kita agar
pembaca merasa bisa mengambil manfaat dari apa yang kita tulis
tersebut dengan mudah dan sistematis sehingga membentuk kerangka
berpikir mereka secara utuh.

Paper research
The APA writing style has evolved through time and several changes have been
adapted in response to the electronic information age. What follows are some
useful pointers for those of you whore tasked to write a paper using the APA
format.
In general, your paper should follow these formatting guidelines:

Margin. Although formerly, the required measurement for margin is 1


inc, its require that magins on all sides (top, bottom, left, right) should
each just measure one inch,

Font size and type. 12-pt times new roman,

Spacing. Double-space for the whole document, including appendice,


footnotes, tables and figure. For spacing after punctuation, space one after
commas, colons and space twice after punctuation marks that end
sentence,

Text alignment and identation.

Running head and short title.

Active voice

Order of pages and paginations.


o

Title page

Abstract

Body

Reference

Appendice

Footnote

Table

Figure

The example:

Behavior Study of Obedience


By [author], [university]
2015

Abstract
There a little facts about the role of obedience when doing evil actions up until
now. Most theories suggest that only very disturbed people do horrible actions if
they are ordered to do so. Bla bla bla

Introduction
Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing
and how someone can intentionally harm others. In a survey, professionals such
as doctors, psychologist and laymen thought that very few out of a population
would harm others if ordered to do so.
Bla bla bla
Methods
Participants
There were male 30 participants participacing. They were recruited bu
advertisement in a newspaper and were paid $4.50.
Instrument
A shock generator was used to trick
gave shok to another person in another
labeledwith different voltage, starting
increment all the way up to 450-volt. Bla

the participant into thinking that they


room. The sock generator had switches
at 30 volt and increasing in 15-volt
bla bla

Procedure
The participant met another participant un the waiting room before the
experiment. The other participant got the role as a teacher who would then
deliver a shock to the actor (learner) every time an incorrect answer was
produced. Bla bla bla
Result
Of the 40 participant in the study, 26 delivered the maximum shock. Bla bla bla
Discussion/Conclusion
Most of participant became very agitated, stressed and angry at the
experimenter. Bla bla bla

Reference

[end of sample]

The scientific format: A research paper outline


Page 1:
Title, Author, Work at
Page 2:
Abstract: a short summary of the article
Page 3-:
Introduction
Current therories about the topic. What are the hypothesis for the paper?
Methods
What method used.
Result
What were the results obtained?
Discussion ans Conclusion
What are our thought about the result compare to the other relevant
theories.
References
Through the text there are references, sources of knowledge, which youve
used. Citing those will give you more credibility because good research is
thought to be based on other knowledge and empirical (observed) evidence.
Tables, figure, appendix
Hopefully you could make use of this example of a research paper!