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REQUIREDSTAFFINGLEVELS116.Requiredstaffinglevelsarereflectedona

facilitystableofdistributionandallowances(TDA)andaredeterminedusingmanpower
staffingstandards.Thisstaffinglevelrepresentstherequirednumberofpersonnelto
operateafacilitywithinmissionrequirements.Staffinglevelsarevalidatedbythe
appropriateArmycommands(ACOMs),ArmyServiceComponentCommand(ASCC),
ordirectreportingunit(DRU)headquarters.Factorsrelevanttothesecalculationsare
Daysperweekfacilityisopen.Hoursofoperationperday.
Numberofpeakandoffpeakshifts.Numberofcontroloroperatingpositionspershift.
Dayweekmonthconversionfactors.Manpoweravailabilityfactor.
.

OPERATINGPOSITIONS156.OperatingandcontrollinganATCfacility
mayrequirethefollowingpositionsandresponsibilitiesinadditiontothesupervisory
positions:
1

Localcontrol(LC).Issuesinformationandclearance

forproperlyseparatingandsequencingaircraftunderhiscontrol.
2

Groundcontrol(GC).Issuesinformationand

instructionsfortheorderlymovementoftraffic(aircraft,vehicles,and
pedestrians)onthemovementarea.
3

Flightdata(FD).Receives,posts,andrelaysFD

clearancesandmessagesandassistsinfacilityoperations,asdirected.

ARMYAIRTRAFFICCONTROLTOWERS
E29.ATCTWRsareterminalfacilitiesthatuseairandgroundcommunications,visual
signaling,andotherdevices,andgiveATCservicetoairborneandsurfaceaircraft
operatingonornearanAAForAHP.
E30.TWRsnormallyhavethreefunctionalpositions:GC,LC,andFD.Insomecases,a
supervisorypositionmaybenecessary.
E31.Whenspacepermitsandwhereapplicable,TWRsmayalsohavetheGCAandAIC
facilitylocatedwithintheTWRstructure.
E32.ToaccommodatethevariousATCfunctionsdescribedaboveandmaintain
reasonableflexibilitytomeetmissionneedsefficientlyandeconomically,twotypesof
ATCTWRstructureshavebeenacceptedasstandardbytheATSCOM:
.

TypeA(highdensity).TWRisapermanentstructureusedprimarilyat

thoselocationswherethemissionneedsallthefunctionalpositionslistedabove,

includingGCAandAIC.
.
TypeB(lowdensity).TWRisapermanentstructureprimarilyusedatthoselocationswher

ethemissionislessthantypeA(forexamplenoGCA).E33.AtypeATWRwillhavea
24X24cabandatypeBTWRwillhave20footby20footcabminimumandfinished
floorsforalatrine/breakareaandamechanicalroom.Theequipmentroom,AIC,and
GCA,ifrequired,maybeinaseparatecollocatedbuilding.Thisandtheheightofthe
TWRwillbedeterminedbyarequirementsurvey.EQUIPMENTGUIDANCE/FACILITY
SPECIFICATIONE34.Theorderofpriorityofchannelsforvoicerecordingiscontained
inthisTC.Besidespositionrecordingchannels,thereshouldbeenoughchannelsfor
discretefrequencyrecordingofemergencyandprimaryfrequencies.
Function

Type

UHF/AM transmitter set

GRT/o

VHF/AM receiver

GRR/o

UHF/AM receiver

GRR/o

Modems

Interfac

Digital altimeter indicator system

As dire

Weather information display system

As dire

Note. When located on the same airfield, PAR scopes are collocated with the ARAC scopes.

E4
TC304.8129October2010
FacilityandNavigationalAidsEquipmentStandards

E35.TableE2isalistofthestandardequipmentusedintypeAandtypeBtowers.
TableE2.Majorequipment(TypeAandTypeBTWRs)
Function

Type

Receiver-transmitter radio

SINCGARS

UHF/VHF/AM transceiver B/U

AN/GRC-171/211 or equivalent

VHF/AM transmitter set

GRT/or CM200

UHF/AM transmitter set

GRT/or CM200

VHF/AM receiver

GRR/or CM200

UHF/AM receiver

GRR/or CM200

Communications control system

ETVS or small tower voice switch (STVS).

Recorder/reproducer

DALR; directed by site survey, DVRS, 16 or 48


channel

Wind speed and direction indicator

As directed by site survey

Digital altimeter indicator system

As directed by site survey

Weather information display system

As directed by site survey

E36.TheweatherinformationequipmentisoperatedbytheU.S.AirForceweather
station.Therecommendedequipmentisacomputerdisplayoftheairfieldobserving
systemfromtheNewTacticalForecastSystem(NTFS)orasNTFSisreplaced,theATC
portletavailablefromthejointenvironmentaltoolkit.
E37.IntheabsenceofanARACfacility,NAVAIDfacilitieswillbemonitoredinthe
controlTWRcab.
E38.Theradiocommunicationsequipmentforthecrashrescuenetwillbeinterfaced
withtheATCcommunicationsystem.Purchase,equipmenttype,andmaintenanceof
crashnetequipmentareapostresponsibility.
E39.AstandardkeysystemwillbepartofthenewATCcommunicationsystem
(STVS/ETVS)whenitisinstalled.

STRUCTURALSTANDARDS
E40.Thecommunicationsequipmentroom(includingGCAroom)design
environmentalconditionsfortypeAandtypeBTWRswillbe7530degreesFahrenheit
drybulbforsummerandwinterwithRHlessthan50percent.Thermostatswillbesetto

thedrybulbtemperaturethatiscurrentlyrecommendedbasedonconsiderations
involvingenergyconservationandeconomics.Thermostatssettingforsummercooling
willbe78to80degreesFahrenheit;winterheating,65to68degreesFahrenheit.Positive
spacepressureisnecessarytodecreaseairinfiltration.
E41.Operationalareas(includingtheGCA/AICroom)willbedesignedtomakesure
soundlevelswillnotexceedprovisionsofMILSTD1472F.Toenhancesafetyofflight,
TWRcabsmustbedesignedtodecreasethehighambientnoisegeneratedonAAFsand
AHPs,toachieve98percentsentenceintelligibilitywithnormalnoisecommunication.
Maximumambientcabvoicelevelshouldbeapproximate55decibel(dB),butitshould
notexceed60dB.

ELECTRICALPOWERSTANDARDS
E42.Minimumneedsforfullloadoperations(powerforenvironmentalcontrolnot
included)arecontainedintableE3.
TableE3.Powerstandards
TypeTower

Power

Voltage

A&B

15 kw

120/208, 10%, 3 phase, 5 wire or 120/240, 10%, 1 phas


wire

29October2010TC304.81E5
AppendixE

E43.ThecontrolTWRfacilities,includingtheoperationsandcommunications
equipment,GCA/AICroom,lights,andenvironmentalcontrolsystemsrequirebackup
powerwithautomaticstartandloadtransfercapability.

AIRTRAFFICCONTROLMISSIONESSENTIAL
PECULIARITEMS
E110.ThissectiondescribesitemsdifficulttoidentifybutessentialforU.S.ArmyATC
facilities.

ACOUSTICALFLOORCOVERING(CARPETING)
E111.ElectrostaticdischargecarpetingisrequiredinoperationalareasofcontrolTWR,
ARAC,GCA,andAICfacilitiesIAWFAASTD019.

BOOKCASE,DESK,FILECABINET,ANDCHALKBOARD
E112.TableE22describesitemsoffurnitureincludedonfacilityCTA50909.

HEADSET/MICROPHONE
E114.OnepercontrollerisessentialinallATCTWRs,GCAs,AICs,andARACsfor
thecontrolofairtraffic.ReciprocatingCounter
E115.HandholdtallyregistersarerequiredinallcontrolTWRs.Thesefourwheeled,
registersto9,999andcomeswithresetknob,NSN6680006413206.

PORTABLESIGNALLIGHTGUNSUPPORTEQUIPMENT
E116.TwosignallightgunsarerequiredineachcontrolTWR.Batterypoweredsignal
lightgunsthatmeetFAAspecificationsFAAE2214aareacceptable.

VACUUMCLEANER
E117.AuthorizedbyCTA50909forthoseATCfacilitiesauthorizedcarpeting.

WINDOWSHADES
E118.WindowshadesarerequiredatallATCTWRsforuseinbrightsunlightandsnow
conditions.ShadesmustmeetFAAspecificationE2470b/125205Suggestedtypeis
manufacturedbyPlasticViewATC,4584Runway,SuiteB,SimiValley,California
93063.Thenumberofshadeswillbedeterminedlocallyandwillbeonallsidestoreduce
rearandsidereflections.

BINOCULARS
E119.EachTWRisauthorizedtwosetsofbinoculars.

PHYSICALSECURITYREQUIREMENTS
E120.AR19013requiresthataphysicalsecurityplanbewrittenbytheinstallation
commander.Asanannextothissecurityplan,aphysicalsecurityplanforaviation
facilitieslocatedon,orcloseto,anArmyinstallationisessential(AR19051).