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Clinical Care/Education/Nutrition/Psychosocial Research

B R I E F

R E P O R T

International Tables of Glycemic Index and


Glycemic Load Values: 2008
FIONA S. ATKINSON, RD
KAYE FOSTER-POWELL, RD
JENNIE C. BRAND-MILLER, PHD

OBJECTIVE To systematically tabulate published and unpublished sources of reliable


glycemic index (GI) values.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A literature search identified 205 articles
published between 1981 and 2007. Unpublished data were also included where the data quality
could be verified. The data were separated into two lists: the first representing more precise data
derived from testing healthy subjects and the second primarily from individuals with impaired
glucose metabolism.
RESULTS The tables, which are available in the online-only appendix, list the GI of over
2,480 individual food items. Dairy products, legumes, and fruits were found to have a low GI.
Breads, breakfast cereals, and rice, including whole grain, were available in both high and low GI
versions. The correlation coefficient for 20 staple foods tested in both healthy and diabetic
subjects was r 0.94 (P 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS These tables improve the quality and quantity of GI data available for
research and clinical practice.
Diabetes Care 31:22812283, 2008

he relevance of dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) is


debated. While the World Health
Organization (1), the American Diabetes
Association (2), Diabetes UK (3), and the
Canadian Diabetes Association (4) give
qualified support for the concept, many
health professionals still consider GI and
GL complex and too variable for use in
clinical practice (5). The availability of reliable tables of GI is critical for continuing
research and resolution of the controversy. New data have become available
since previous tables were published in
2002 (6). Our aim was to systematically
tabulate published and unpublished
sources of reliable GI values, with derivation of the GL.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND
METHODS We conducted a literature search of MEDLINE from January

1981 through December 2007 using the


terms glyc(a)emic index and glyc(a)emic load. We restricted the search to human studies published in English using
standardized methodology. We performed a manual search of relevant citations and contacted experts in the field.
Unpublished values from our laboratory
and elsewhere were included. Values
listed in previous tables (6,7) were not
automatically entered but reviewed first.
Final data were divided into two lists. Values derived from groups of eight or more
healthy subjects were included in the first
list. Data derived from testing individuals
with diabetes or impaired glucose metabolism, from studies using too few subjects
(n 5), or showing wide variability
(SEM 15) were included in the second
list. Some foods were tested in only six or
seven normal subjects but otherwise appeared reliable and were included in the

From the Institute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Corresponding author: J. Brand-Miller, j.brandmiller@usyd.edu.au.
Received 8 July 2008 and accepted 13 September 2008.
Published ahead of print at http://care.diabetesjournals.org on 3 October 2008. DOI: 10.2337/dc08-1239.
J.B.M. is the director of a not-for-profit GI-based food endorsement program in Australia. F.S.A. is employed
to manage the University of Sydney GI testing service.
2008 by the American Diabetes Association. Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly
cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. See http://creativecommons.
org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ for details.
The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. This article must therefore be hereby
marked advertisement in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

DIABETES CARE, VOLUME 31, NUMBER 12, DECEMBER 2008

first list. Two columns of GI values were


created because both glucose and white
bread continue to be used as reference
foods. The conversion factor 100/70 or
70/100 was used to convert from one
scale to the other. In instances where
other reference foods (e.g., rice) were
used, this was accepted provided the conversion factor to the glucose scale had
been established. To avoid confusion, the
glucose scale is recommended for final reporting. GL values were calculated as the
product of the amount of available carbohydrate in a specified serving size and the
GI value (using glucose as the reference
food), divided by 100. Carbohydrate content was obtained from the reference paper or food composition tables (8). The
relationship between GI values determined in normal subjects versus diabetic
subjects was tested by linear regression.
Common foods (n 20), including white
bread, cornflakes, rice, oranges, corn, apple juice, sucrose, and milk were used for
this analysis.
RESULTS Tables A1 and A2 (available in an online appendix at http://
dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1239) list
2,487 separate entries, citing 205 separate
studies. Table A1, representing reliable
data derived from subjects with normal
glucose tolerance, contains 1,879 individual entries (75% of the total). Table A2
contains 608 entries, of which 491 values
were determined in individuals with diabetes or impaired glucose metabolism
(20% of the total). The correlation coefficient for 20 foods tested in both normal
and diabetic subjects was r 0.94 (P
0.001; line of best fit y 0.9x 9.7
where x is the value in normal subjects).
Table A2 also lists 60 values derived from
groups of five or fewer subjects and 57
values displaying wide variability (SEM
15). A summary table (Table 1) comprising values for 62 common foods appears below. More reliable values are
available for many foods, including carrots (GI 39) and bananas (GI 51).
CONCLUSIONS The 2008 edition of tables of GI and GL has doubled
the amount of data available for research
and other applications. Most varieties of legumes, pasta, fruits, and dairy products are
2281

2282

Data are means SEM. *Low-GI varieties were also identified. Average of all available data.

Milk, full fat


Milk, skim
Ice cream
Yogurt, fruit
Soy milk
Rice milk

Dairy products and


alternatives

39 3
37 4
51 3
41 2
34 4
86 7

Chickpeas
Kidney beans
Lentils
Soya beans

Legumes

28 9
24 4
32 5
16 1

Chocolate
Popcorn
Potato crisps
Soft drink/soda
Rice crackers/crisps

Snack products

40 3
65 5
56 3
59 3
87 2

Fructose
Sucrose
Glucose
Honey

Sugars

Potato, boiled
Potato, instant mash
Potato, french fries
Carrots, boiled
Sweet potato, boiled
Pumpkin, boiled
Plantain/green banana
Taro, boiled
Vegetable soup
Apple, raw
Orange, raw
Banana, raw
Pineapple, raw
Mango, raw
Watermelon, raw
Dates, raw
Peaches, canned
Strawberry jam/jelly
Apple juice
Orange juice
White wheat bread*
Whole wheat/whole meal bread
Specialty grain bread
Unleavened wheat bread
Wheat roti
Chapatti
Corn tortilla
White rice, boiled*
Brown rice, boiled
Barley
Sweet corn
Spaghetti, white
Spaghetti, whole meal
Rice noodles
Udon noodles
Couscous

75 2
74 2
53 2
70 5
62 3
52 4
46 4
73 4
68 4
28 2
52 5
49 2
48 5
53 7
55 7
65 4

Cornflakes
Wheat flake biscuits
Porridge, rolled oats
Instant oat porridge
Rice porridge/congee
Millet porridge
Muesli

81 6
69 2
55 2
79 3
78 9
67 5
57 2

Fruit and fruit products


Breakfast cereals
High-carbohydrate foods

Table 1The average GI of 62 common foods derived from multiple studies by different laboratories

36 2
43 3
51 3
59 8
51 5
76 4
42 4
43 5
49 3
41 2
50 2

Vegetables

78 4
87 3
63 5
39 4
63 6
64 7
55 6
53 2
48 5

15 4
65 4
103 3
61 3

Tables of glycemic index and load values


still classified as low-GI foods (55 or less on
the glucose reference scale). Breads, breakfast cereals, rice, and snack products, including whole-grain versions, are available
in both high- (70 or greater) and low-GI
forms. Most varieties of potato and rice are
high GI, but lower GI cultivars were identified. Many confectionary items, such as
chocolate, have a low GI, but their high saturated fat content reduces their nutritional
value. The GI should not be used in isolation; the energy density and macronutrient
profile of foods should also be considered
(1). The high correlation coefficient (r
0.94) between values derived from testing
the same foods in normal and diabetic subjects indicates that GI values in Table A1 are
relevant to dietary interventions in people
with diabetes.
Although data quality has been improved, many foods have been tested only
once in 10 or fewer subjects, and caution
is needed. Repeated testing of certain
products indicates that white and wholemeal bread have remained remarkably
consistent over the past 25 years, but
other products appear to be increasing in
GI. This secular change may arise because
of efforts on the part of the food industry
to make food preparation more convenient and faster cooking. Some foods,
such as porridge oats, show variable results, which may reflect true differences in
refining and processing that affect the degree of starch gelatinization (9). Users
should note that manufacturers sometimes give the same product different
names in different countries, and in some
cases, the same name for different items.
Kelloggs Special K and All-Bran, for example, are different formulations in
North America, Europe, and Australia.
Assignment of GI values to foods requires knowledge of local foods. Ideally,
branded product information is available
because manufacturers prepare and process foods, particularly cereal products, in
different ways. This variability is not
unique to the GI but true of many nutrients, including saturated fat and fiber. In
the absence of specific product GI information, these tables provide the basis
for extrapolation. In the case of lowcarbohydrate products, a GI value of 40
for vegetables, 70 for flour products, and
30 for dairy foods could be assigned.
In summary, the 2008 edition of the
international tables of GI improves the
quality and quantity of reliable data available for research and clinical practice. The
data in Table A1 should be preferred for
research and coding of food databases.

DIABETES CARE, VOLUME 31, NUMBER 12, DECEMBER 2008

Atkinson, Foster-Powell, and Brand-Miller


The values listed in Table A2 may be helpful in the absence of other data.
References
1. Mann J, Cummings J, Englyst H, Key T,
Liu S, Riccardi G, Summerbell C, Uauy R,
van Dam R, Venn B, Vorster H, Wiseman
M: FAO/WHO Scientific Update on carbohydrates in human nutrition: conclusions.
Eur J Clin Nutr 61:S132S137, 2007
2. Sheard N, Clark N, Brand-Miller J, Franz M,
Pi-Sunyer FX, Mayer-Davis E, Kulkarni K,
Geil P: Dietary carbohydrate (amount and
type) in the prevention and management
of diabetes. Diabetes Care 27:2266 2271,

2004
3. Nutrition Subcommittee of the Diabetes
Care Advisory Committee of Diabetes UK:
The implementation of nutritional advice
for people with diabetes. Diabet Med 20:
786 807, 2003
4. Canadian Diabetes Association: Guidelines for the nutritional management of
diabetes mellitus in the new millennium.
A position statement by the Canadian Diabetes Association. Can J Diabetes Care 23:
56 69, 2000
5. Franz M: The glycemic index: not the
most effective nutrition therapy intervention. Diabetes Care 26:2466 2468, 2003
6. Foster-Powell K, Holt SH, Brand-Miller

DIABETES CARE, VOLUME 31, NUMBER 12, DECEMBER 2008

JC: International table of glycemic index


and glycemic load values: 2002. Am J Clin
Nutr 76:556, 2002
7. Foster-Powell K, Miller J: International tables of glycemic index. Am J Clin Nutr 62:
S871S90, 1995
8. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service: USDA National
Nutrient Database for Standard Reference
[article online], 2007. Release 20. Available at http://www.ars.gov/ba/bhnrc/ndl.
Accessed 20 May 2008
9. Bjorck I, Granfeldt Y, Liljeberg H, Tovar J,
Asp N-G: Food properties affecting the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates.
Am J Clin Nutr 59:S699 S705, 1994

2283

Table A1. Glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values determined in subjects with normal
glucose tolerance: 2008
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

BAKERY PRODUCTS
Cakes
1

Banana cake, made with sugar

478

67

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

60

29

14

Banana cake, made without sugar

5510

79

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

60

22

12

Carrot cake, prepared with coconut flour (Philippines)

36

523

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

60

23

Chocolate cake made from packet mix

383

54

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

111

52

20

7312

104

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

38

26

19

8717

124

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

29

25

with chocolate frosting (Betty Crocker,


General Mills Inc., Minneapolis, USA)
5

Cupcake, strawberry-iced (Squiggles,


Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Australia)

Lamingtons (sponge dipped in chocolate and


coconut) (Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Australia)

Pound cake 0% (Bimbo S.A de C.V, Mexico)

385

54

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

60

25

Raspberry Coffee cake, President's Choice

504

71

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

60

26

13

Vanilla cake, made from packet mix with

424

60

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

111

58

24

413

59

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

165

34

14

315

44

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO6

75

20

504

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

50

22

11

757

107

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

50

20

15
13

Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


vanilla frosting (Betty Crocker, USA)
Desserts
10

Apple Berry crumble, President's Choice


Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

11

Bavarian (mousse filling on biscuit base), Chocolate


honeycomb, light (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)

12

Danish, Apple & Peach, light (Sara Lee Bakery,


Australia)

13

Doughnut, wheat dough, deep-fried (China)


Muffins

14

Apple muffin, made with rolled oats and sugar

446

63

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

60

29

15

Apple muffin, made rolled oats and without sugar

4810

69

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

60

19

16

Apple Blueberry muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)

494

70

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO6

60

25

12

17

Apple, oat, sultana muffin (Australia)

544

786

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

UO4

50

26

14

18

Apricot, coconut and honey muffin (Australia)

604

866

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

UO4

50

26

16

19

Banana, oat and honey muffin (Australia)

6511

9316

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

50

26

17

20

Blueberry muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)

503

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

60

31

15

21

Blueberry (Wild) 10-Grain muffin, President's Choice

577

81

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

70

39

22

Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


22

Chocolate butterscotch muffin (Australia)

535

757

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

50

28

15

23

Chocolate chip muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)

526

74

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO6

60

32

17

24

Cranberry & Orange Soy muffin, President's Choice

486

69

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

70

29

14

Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


25

Double chocolate muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia)

464

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

34

16

Muffin, plain, made from wheat flour (Spain)

468

6611

Normal, 14

Bread, 2h

UO6
4

60

26

50

23

11

27

Muffin, reduced-fat, low-calorie, made from

373

535

Normal, 14

Bread, 2h

50

25

523

74

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

70

33

17

587

82

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

70

33

19

669
675

95
96

Normal, 8
Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h
Glucose, 2h

5
UO4

80
80

26
57

17
38

high-amylose corn starch and maltitol (Spain)


28

Raisin Bran Flax muffin, President's Choice


Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

29

Raspberry Pomegranate muffin, President's Choice


Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
Pancakes

30
31

Pancakes, homemade (Fiji)


Pancakes, prepared from shake mix

32

Pancakes, prepared from wheat flour (China)

804

114

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

80

20

16

33

Pancakes, buckwheat, gluten-free, made from packet

10211

146

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

80

23

23

616

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

80

53

32

(Green's General Foods, Glendenning, Australia)

mix (Orgran Natural Foods, Carrum Downs, Australia)


34

Pancakes, gluten-free, made from packet mix


(Freedom Foods, Cheltenham, Australia)

35

Pancakes, prepared with coconut flour (Philippines)

46

653

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

80

22

10

36

Pan de sal (sweet bread roll), containing coconut

61

876

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

80

36

22

flour (Philippines)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

2
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
20
11

37

Pastry, puff (Pampas, Australia)

565

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
50

38

Pikelets, Golden brand (Tip Top Bakeries,

8514

121

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

40

21

18

928

131

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

243

34

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

250 mL

15

264

37

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO6

250 mL

15

667

94

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

47

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
6

250 mL

334

250 mL

18

254

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

250 mL

537

76

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

14

63

90

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

250 mL

26

16

668

94

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

250 mL

20

13

686

97

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

250 mL

34

23

Chatswood, Australia)
39

Scones, plain, made from packet mix


(Defiance Milling Co, Australia)
BEVERAGES

40

Aussie Bodies Start the Day UHT, Choc Banana


flavored drink (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia)

41

Aussie Bodies Start the Day UHT, Chocolate


flavored drink (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia)

42
43

Beer, Toohey's New (Tooheys Pty Limited, Australia)7


Chocolate Daydream shake, fructose (Revival

44

Soy, Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc, USA)8


Chocolate Daydream shake, sucralose (Revival
Soy, Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc, USA)7
Coca Cola

45

Coca Cola, soft drink (Coca Cola Amatil, Sydney,


Australia)

46

Coca Cola, soft drink (Coca Cola Bottling


Company, Atlanta, USA)

47

Cordial, orange, reconstituted (Berri Ltd,


Berri, Australia)

48

Fanta, orange soft drink


(Coca Cola Amatil, Australia)

49

Fruit punch (USA)

67

95

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

250 mL

29

19

50

Lemonade, Scheweppes, lemon soft drink

545

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

27

15

464

66

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

UO4

250 mL

33

15

445

63

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250 mL

16

525

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

33

17

929

131

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

32

29

(Cadbury Schweppes, Sydney, Australia)


51

Mars Active Energy Drink, flavored milk


(M&M/Mars, USA)

52

Orange Delight Cocktail with pulp,


President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

53

Ribena blackcurrant fruit syrup, reconsituted


with water (GlaxoSmithKline Group, Australia)
Rice milk drink

54

Rice milk drink, low-fat, Australia's Own Natural


(So Natural Foods, Taren Point, Australia)

55

Vitasoy rice milk, low-fat, calcium enriched

798

113

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

22

17

56

(National Foods Ltd, Australia)8


Slim Fast French Vanilla ready-to-drink shake

375

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

27

10

(Slim Fast Foods Company, Englewood, USA)


Smoothie, made from milk and fruit
57

Smoothie, banana (Australia)

304

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

58

Smoothie, banana and strawberry, V8 Splash

443

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

11

59

Smoothie, mango (Australia)

324

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

27

60

Smoothie, raspberry (Con Agra Inc, Omaha, USA)

339

4813

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

250 mL

41

14

mean of four foods

353

504

250 mL

30

11

303

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

22

62

(So Natural Foods, Australia)


Smoothie drink, soy, chocolate hazelnut

343

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

25

63

(So Natural Foods, Australia)8


Solo, lemon squash, soft drink

585

83

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

29

17

64

(Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)8


Soy Beverage, Chocolate flavored, President's

405

57

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250 mL

28

11

(Campbell's Soup Company, Camden, USA)

Smoothie, made from soy milk


61

Smoothie drink, soy, banana


8

Choice Blue Menu


(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

3
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

154

22

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g
g/serve
250 mL
9
1

283

40

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250 mL

16

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

65

Soy Beverage, Original flavored, President's Choice

Serve
Size

Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


66

Soy Beverage, Vanilla flavored, President's Choice


Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

67

Up & Go, cocoa malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid

435

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

11

68

breakfast) (Sanitarium Health Foods, Australia)8


Up & Go, original malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal

465

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

24

11

69

liquid breakfast) (Sanitarium Health Foods, Australia)8


V8 Splash, tropical blend fruit drink

474

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

28

13

392

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

34

13

434

61

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

466

66

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

65 mL

12

366

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

65 mL

7813

111

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

250 mL

15

12

7015

100

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

250 mL

18

13

439

61

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

250 mL

49

21

112

16

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

250 mL

35

164

23

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

11

394

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

250 mL

12

413

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

250 mL

12

414

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

33

14

273

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

31

163

23

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

31

223

31

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

29

513

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

23

12

363

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

19

453

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

12

(Campbell's Soup Company, USA)


70

Xpress, chocolate (soy bean, cereal and


legume extract drink with fructose)8
(So Natural Foods, Australia)

71

V8 100% vegetable juice


(Campbell's Soup Company, USA)

72

Yakult, fermented milk drink with


Lactobacilus casei (Yakult, Dandenong, Australia)

73

Yakult Light, fermented milk drink with


Lactobacilus casei (Yakult, Dandenong, Australia)
Sports drinks

74

Gatorade (Spring Valley Beverages Pty


Ltd, Cheltenham, Vic, Australia)

75

Isostar (Novartis Consumer Health,


Nyon, Switzerland)

76

Sustagen Sport (Mead Johnson,


Rydalmere, NSW, Australia)

77

Thorpedo Advanced Hydration for Kids, all flavors


(Thorpedo Foods, Australia)

78

Thorpedo Ultra Low GI Energy Water, all flavors


(Thorpedo Foods, Australia)
Drinks made from drinking mix powders

79

Aussie Bodies Trim Protein Shake, Chocolate


flavored (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia)

80

Aussie Bodies Trim Protein Shake, French Vanilla


flavored (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia)

81

Build-Up nutrient-fortified drink, vanilla


with fiber, (Nestl, Sydney, Australia)

82

Cinch Caf Latte weight management powder,


prepared with skim milk
(Shaklee Corporation, Pleasanton, USA)

83

Cinch Chocolate weight management powder,


prepared with skim milk
(Shaklee Corporation, USA)

84

Cinch Vanilla weight management powder,


prepared with skim milk (Shaklee Corporation, USA)

85

Complete Hot Chocolate mix made with


hot water (Nestl, Australia)

86

Hi-Pro energy drink mix, vanilla, containing soy


protein and whey powder (Harrod foods, Sefton,
Australia) mixed in reduced-fat (1.5%) milk

87

Malted milk powder in full-fat milk (Nestl, Australia)


Milo (chocolate nutrient-fortified drink powder)

88

Milo (Nestl, Australia) dissolved in water

553

794

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

16

89

Milo (Nestl, Auckland, New Zealand)

525

747

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

16

8
9

dissolved in water
90

Milo (Nestl, Australia) dissolved in full-fat milk

352

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

25

91

Milo (Nestl, New Zealand) dissolved in full-fat milk

363

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

92

Milo Breakfast Smoothie powder prepared

395

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

34

13

with skim milk (Nestl, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

4
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

263

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g
g/serve
250 mL
17
4

202

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

17

453

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

49

22

425

60

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

50

21

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

93

Nutrimeal, meal replacement drink, Dutch Chocolate

Serve
Size

(Usana, Salt Lake City, USA) (2000)


94

Nutrimeal, meal replacement drink, all flavors


(Usana Australia, Baulkham Hills, Australia) (2007)

95

Proform Hi-protein powder, neutral flavor,


prepared with skim milk
(MGC Dairy Co Pty Ltd, Melbourne, Australia)

96

Proform Hi-protein powder, vanilla flavor, prepared


with skim milk (MGC Dairy Co Pty Ltd, Australia)
Quik (sweet drink powder)

97

Quik, chocolate (Nestl, Australia), made with water

535

768

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

UO4

250

98

Quik, chocolate (Nestl, Australia), prepared with

414

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

11

648

9212

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

UO4

250

353

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

12

101 Bagel, white (USA)9


Baguette

69

99

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

70

35

24

102 Traditional French baguette (prepared with wheat

579

82

Normal, 9

Glucose, 3h

10

30

18

10

736

104

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

13

104 French baguette with chocolate spread (France)

728

101

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

UO10

70

37

27

105 French baguette with butter and strawberry jam

627

89

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

UO10

70

41

26

6310

90

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO10

60

32

20

107 80% scalded intact kernels (20% white wheat flour)

34

4810

Normal, 10

Bread, 1.5h

11

30

20

108 80% intact kernels (20% white wheat flour)

40

5710

Normal, 10

Bread, 1.5h

11

30

20

109 Barley kernel bread, 50% kibbled barley (Australia)

48

697

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

12

30

20

10

110 Sunflower and barley bread (Riga bakeries,

576

81

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

30

11

7010

100

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

12

67

9515

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

11

30

20

13

50

7111

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

15

30

15

43

617

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

15

30

11

7415

106

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

16

30

16

12

707

100

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

16

30

16

11

8514

122

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

16

30

18

15

49

719

Normal, 9

Bread, 1.6h

17

30

12

70

9912

Normal, 9

Bread, 1.6h

17

30

13

1.5% fat milk


99

Quik, strawberry (Nestl, Australia), prepared


with in water

100 Quik, strawberry (Nestl, Australia), prepared


with 1.5% fat milk
BREADS

flour, water, salt and 20 g yeast) (France)


103 Whole Grain Baguette, President's Choice Blue
Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

(France)
106 Pain au lait (Pasquier, France)
Barley breads
Coarse barley kernel bread, 80% kernels

Sydney, Australia)
111 Sunflower and barley bread (Vogel's, UK)
Barley flour breads
112 Wholemeal barley flour (80%) bread
(20% white wheat flour) (Sweden)
113 Wholemeal barley bread, flat, thin, soft (50% regular
barley flour, 50% high-fiber barley flour) (Sweden)
114 Wholemeal barley bread, flat, thin, soft (20% regular
barley flour, 80% high-fiber barley flour) (Sweden)
115 Barley flour bread, made from 50% wheat flour and
50% coarse sieved barley flour (containing 4.2%
total 1-3, 1-4 -glucan of which 2.8% soluble) (Italy)
116 Barley flour bread, made from 80% wheat flour and
20% water-extracted barley flour (containing 6.3%
total 1-3, 1-4 -glucan of which 5.7% soluble) (Italy)
117 Whole grain barley flour bread, made from 50% barley
flour and 50% wheat flour (containing 2.4%
total 1-3, 1-4 -glucan of which 2.0% soluble) (Italy)
118 Barley bread, 70% high-amylose barley flour and
30% white wheat flour, baked long-time at
low tempertaure (Sweden)
119 Barley bread, 70% high-amylose barley flour & 30%
white wheat flour, conventionally baked (Sweden)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

5
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Wholemeal barley flour (80%) & white wheat flour


(20%) breads - fermented or with added
organic acids or salts (Sweden)
120 Wholemeal barley flour bread (used as reference food
for the 5 breads below)9
121 Wholemeal barley flour bread with

70

100

Normal, 11

18

30

20

14

18

30

20

10

18

30

19

12

18

30

20

12

18

30

20

13

18

30

19

11

barley bread, 2h
53

76

Normal, 11

Wholemeal
barley bread, 2h

sourdough (lactic acid)9


122 Wholemeal barley flour bread with lactic acid9

Wholemeal

66

94

Normal, 11

Wholemeal
barley bread, 2h

123 Wholemeal barley flour bread with calcium lactate9

59

84

Normal, 11

Wholemeal
barley bread, 2h

124 Wholemeal barley flour bread with sodium propionate9

65

93

Normal, 11

Wholemeal
barley bread, 2h

125 Wholemeal barley flour bread with higher dose

57

82

Normal, 11

126 Buckwheat bread, 50% dehusked buckwheat

Wholemeal
barley bread, 2h

sodium propionate9
Buckwheat bread
47

6710

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

19

30

21

10

672

95

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

30

19

13

55

7813

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

20

30

13

67

9621

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

20

30

12

496

70

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

22

11

131 Bread, flax, made from flax meal & wheat flour (Canada)9
Fruit breads

67

96

Normal, 11

Bread, 2h

21

30

12

132 Brgen Fruit loaf (Tip Top Bakeries,

445

637

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

22

30

13

534

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

14

476

67

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

30

15

135 Fruit and cinnamon bread (Finest, UK)

7111

102

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

16

11

136 Fruit and Spice Loaf, thick sliced

546

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

15

137 Fruit loaf, sliced (UK)

576

82

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

16

138 Happiness (cinnamon, raisin, pecan bread)

635

897

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

14

546

779

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

12

472

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

30

14

7913

113

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

13

10

142 Gluten-free white bread (Country Life Bakery, Autralia)

405

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

143 Gluten-free buckwheat bread, made with buckwheat

725

103

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

11

626

89

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

12

626

89

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

12

groats and 50% white wheat flour (Sweden)


127 Buckwheat bread (China)
Chickpea flour bread
128 Chickpea flour bread, made from Amethyst-type
desi chickpeas (JK International Pty Ltd,
Rocklea, Australia)
129 Chickpea flour bread, made from extruded
chickpea flour (Australia)
130 Corn tortilla, made from white corn, Diego's brand
(San Diego Tortilla Factory Pty Ltd, Andrews,
QLD, Australia)

Chatswood, Australia)
133 Brgen Fruit and Muesli bread
(Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)
134 Continental fruit loaf, wheat bread
with dried fruit (Australia)

(Buttercup bakeries, Moorebank, Australia)

(Natural Ovens, Mannitowoc, USA)


139 Muesli bread, made from packet mix in
bread making machine (Con Agra Inc., USA)
140 Whole-wheat bread with dried fruit (China)
Gluten-free bread
141 Gluten-free multigrain bread (Country Life Bakery,
Dandenong, Australia)

meal & rice flour


(Naturis Organic Bread, NSW, Australia)
Hamburger/Hot dog buns
144 100% Whole wheat Gigantico Burger Buns,
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
145 100% Whole wheat Gigantico Hot Dog Rolls,
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

6
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Oat bread
146 Coarse oat kernel bread, 80% intact oat kernels

65

9311

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

11

30

19

12

147 50% oat bran (Australia)

44

6310

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

12

30

18

148 45% oat bran and 50% wheat flour (Sweden)

50

7210

Normal, 10

Bread, 1.5h

24

30

18

149 Oatmeal batch bread (UK)

628

89

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

15

729

10310 Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

30

12

619

8813

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

30

12

152 Rye bread (50% rye flour + 50% wheat flour) (Turkey)

50

725

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

25

30

14

153 Wheat and rye bread (75% wheat flour +

40

574

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

25

30

14

41

588

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

11

30

12

155 Whole-kernel rye bread, 60% whole rye kernels

57

82

Normal, 20

Bread, 3h

26

30

11

and 40% rye flour (Finland)11


156 Rye bread (80% rye flour + 20% oat -glucan

66

94

Normal, 20

Bread, 3h

26

30

concentrate) (Finland)11
157 Rye bread, 69% whole-grain rye flour

7810

112

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

27

30

14

11

7614

109

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

28

30

13

10

159 Brgen Dark/Swiss rye (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)

5512

79

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

29

30

10

160 Brgen Rye (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)

513

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

10

161 Country Grain Organic Rye

534

76

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

10

595

84

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

30

14

554

79

Normal, 13

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

8615

123

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

28

30

14

12

48

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

12

52

747

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

11

30

20

10

167 White spelt wheat bread (Belgium)

65

939

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

30

30

16

10

168 White spelt wheat bread (Slovenia)12


169 Wholemeal spelt wheat bread (Slovenia)12

74

105

Normal, 6

Bread, 3h

31

30

23

17

63

91

Normal, 6

Bread, 3h

31

30

19

12

170 Scalded spelt wheat kernel bread (Slovenia)12


171 Spelt multigrain bread (Pav's bakery, Australia)

67

96

Normal, 6

Bread, 3h

31

30

22

15

5410

7714

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

12

172 White flour (UK)

5911

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

30

13

173 White flour (Canada)

695

99

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

33

30

14

10

174 White flour, Sunblest (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)

70

100

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

14

10

7010

100

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
14

30

175 White flour (Sainsbury's, UK)

30

14

10

176 White flour bread

713

102

Normal, 47

Glucose, 2h

34

30

14

10

177 White flour (Pepperidge Farm, Norwalk, CT, USA)

716

102

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

35

30

16

11

178 White flour (South Africa)

717

101

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

36

30

13

179 White flour (Italy)


180 White flour (Hovis, UK)

72
7312

103
104

Normal, 15
Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h
Glucose, 2h

37
14

30
30

15
15

11
11

181 White flour (Nishin Shokuhin, Japan)

75

108

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

30

13

10

and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden)


Oat bran bread

Rice bread
150 Rice bread, low-amylose Calrose rice
(Pav's Allergy Bakery, Ingleburn, Australia)
151 Rice bread, high-amylose Doongara rice
(Pav's Allergy Bakery, Australia)
Rye bread

10% rye flour + 15% wheat bran) (Turkey)


Rye kernel bread
154 Coarse rye kernel bread, 80% intact kernels and
20% white wheat flour (Sweden)

(Jalkiuunileipa, Oululainen Ltd, Lahti, Finland)


Specialty rye breads
158 Blackbread, Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery,
Sydney, Australia)

(Country Life Bakery, Australia)


162 Roggenbrot, Vogel's (Stevns & Co, Sydney,
NSW, Australia)
163 Rye Hi-Soy with Linseed
(Country Life Bakery, Australia)
164 Schinkenbrot, Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery,
Sydney, Australia)
165 Sourdough rye (Australia)
Wheat Breads
166 Coarse wheat kernel bread, 80% intact kernels
and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden)
Spelt wheat breads

White wheat flour bread

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

7
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

7510

107

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

39

g
30

183 White flour (Hovis, UK)

7512

107

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

15

184 White flour (Hovis Classic, British Bakeries Ltd, UK)9


185 White flour (China)

87

124

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

40

30

12

11

883

126

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

30

14

12

186 White flour (Italy)

8912

128

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

16

30

20

18

187 White flour, homemade (UK)9


mean of sixteen studies

89

127

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

40

30

13

12

752

1083

30

15

11

188 White bread, toasted (Hovis, UK)

507

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

30

15

189 White bread, fresh, toasted (British Bakeries Ltd, UK)9


190 White bread, homemade, fresh, toasted (UK)9

63

90

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

40

30

12

66

95

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

40

30

13

60

86

30

13

191 White bread, frozen and defrosted9


(British Bakeries Ltd, UK)

75

107

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

40

30

12

192 White bread, homemade, frozen and defrosted (UK)9


White wheat flour bread, frozen and defrosted,
toasted
193 White wheat bread, frozen, defrosted and toasted9

62

88

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

40

30

13

64

92

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

40

30

12

54

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

40

30

13

195 Wonder, enriched white bread

719

10113 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

14

10

196 Wonder, enriched white bread

724

103

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

14

10

197 Wonder, enriched white bread

773

110

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

14

11

73

105

30

14

10

50

705

Normal, 10

Bread, 3h

42

30

17

74

10614 Normal, 21

Bread, 2h

43

30

5911

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

30

12

65

9324

Normal, 10

Bread, 3h

42

30

17

11

202 White bread, enriched with 12 g Arabinoxylan fiber14


(soluble fiber) (Australia)

41

597

Normal, 14

Bread, 2h

44

30

10

203 White bread, enriched with 6 g Arabinoxylan fiber14


(soluble fiber) (Australia)

56

807

Normal, 14

Bread, 2h

44

30

12

634

91

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

30

16

10

645

92

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

30

16

10

685

97

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

30

17

11

561

81

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

30

17

10

552

78

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

30

16

494

70

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

575

81

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

182 White flour (Vodova veka Penam, Olomouc,

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
18
13

Czech Republic)
11

White wheat flour bread, toasted

mean of three studies


White wheat flour bread, frozen and defrosted

(British Bakeries Ltd, UK)


194 White bread, homemade, frozen, defrosted9
and toasted (UK)
Wonder, enriched white bread (Interstate
Brands Companies, Kansas City, USA)

mean of three studies


White bread with enzyme inhibitors
198 White bread + acarbose (200 mg) (Mexico)
White bread with insoluble fiber
199 White bread, enriched with 9 g lupin kernel fiber
(viscous insoluble fiber) (Australasian Natural
Ingredients Pty Ltd, Perth, Australia)
200 White bread with added wheatgerm and fiber (UK)
White bread with soluble fiber
201 White bread + 15 g psyllium fiber (Plantago psyllium )
(Mexico)

White bread enriched with Sunfibre (Cyamoposis


tetragonolobus ) (Indian cluster guar beans)
204 White bread with 3 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)
205 White bread with 5 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)
206 White bread with 10 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)
207 White bread with 15 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)
208 White bread with 5 g Sunfibre, viscosity 2
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)
White bread consumed with fiber drink
209 White bread consumed with 5 g Sunfibre (Taiyo
Kagaku Co, Ltd, Japan) dissolved in 250mL water
210 White bread consumed with 10 g Sunfibre (Taiyo
Kagaku Co, Ltd, Japan) dissolved in 250mL water

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

8
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

666

95

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

g
-

676

95

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

85

12111 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

13

11

76

10913 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

12

79

11313 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

12

78

1117

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

13

10

77

11015 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

13

10

74

1068

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

13

10

66

949

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

13

79

1136

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

12

221 White bread containing Eurylon high-amylose

42

606

Normal, 8

Bread, 2.8h

46

30

19

maize starch (France)15


222 White bread eaten with powdered dried

48

689

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

47

30

15

45

64

Normal, 10

Bread, 1.6h

48

30

15

63

894

Normal, 12

Bread, 1.6h

49

30

15

73

10511 Normal, 12

Bread, 1.6h

49

30

15

11

54

778

Normal, 12

Bread, 1.6h

49

30

15

54

77

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h

37

30

11

384

54

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

50

30

13

727

103

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

50

30

13

869

123

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

50

30

13

11

1007

143

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

50

30

13

13

7710

110

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

29

30

15

11

808

114

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

30

14

11

234 Wholemeal flour (Hovis, UK)

689

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

11

235 Wholemeal flour (China)

693

99

Normal, 10-12

Glucose, 2h

30

13

236 Wholemeal flour (Sainsbury's, UK)

7112

102

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

11

237 Wholemeal flour (Canada)

726

103

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

33

30

12

238 Wholemeal flour (Australia)

74

106

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

51

30

14

10

239 Wholemeal flour (Hovis, UK)

748

106

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

11

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

211 White bread consumed with 10 g insoluble dextrin

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
-

(Matsutani Chemical Industry Co Ltd, Japan)


in 250 mL water
212 White bread consumed with 10 g inulin (Orafti,
Tienen, Belgium) in 250 mL water
White bread with added ingredients
213 White bread (100% wheat flour) + 2% pectin
(George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)
214 White bread (100% wheat flour) + 5% fruit fiber
(George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)
215 White bread (80% wheat flour + 20% chickpea flour)
(George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)
216 White bread (90% wheat flour + 10% modified corn
starch) (George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)
217 White bread (90% wheat flour + 10% tapicoa starch)
(George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)
218 White bread (95% wheat flour + 5% oat bran)
(George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)
219 White bread, containing 2% guar gum
(George Weston Foods Ltd, Australia)
220 White bread, containing 2% vinegar and 2.5%
sourdough (Noble Rise Crunchy Toast, Australia)

seaweed (Nori alga) (Spain)


223 White bread eaten with vinegar as vinaigrette
(Sweden)
224 White bread eaten with 18 g white vinegar
(6% acetic acid) (Sweden)
225 White bread eaten with 23 g white vinegar
(6% acetic acid) (Sweden)
226 White bread eaten with 28 g white vinegar
(6% acetic acid) (Sweden)
227 White and wholemeal bread (ratio 1:1), fermented by
sourdough lactobacilli (! pH 1.5) and fiber-enriched
with oat fiber (Italy)
White bread, with different proving times
and bread volumes
228 White bread, prepared with a 10 min prove and a
second 2 min proving (low loaf volume) (UK)
229 White bread, prepared with a 30 min prove and a
second 12 min proving (moderate loaf volume) (UK)
230 White bread, prepared with a 60 min prove and a
second 30 min proving (moderate loaf volume) (UK)
231 White bread, prepared with a 40 min prove, a second
25 min proving and a third 50 min proving
(large loaf volume) (UK)
White resistant starch-enriched bread
232 Fiber White (Nature's Fresh,
Auckland, New Zealand)
233 Wonderwhite (Buttercup Bakeries, Australia)
Wholemeal (whole wheat) wheat flour bread

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

9
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

240 Wholemeal flour (South Africa)

759

107

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

36

g
30

241 Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)

779

110

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

52

30

12

242 Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)

7816

111

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

28

30

12

243 Wholemeal flour (France)

8527

122

Normal, 9

Glucose, 3h

10

30

15

13

mean of ten studies

74 2

1062

30

12

598

85

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

11

6613

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

12

527

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

15

539

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

12

248 Brgen Mixed Grain

344

49

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

30

11

249 Brgen Mixed Grain

4512

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

29

30

11

250 Brgen Mixed Grain

524

74

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO16

30

10

44

62

30

11

313

44

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

30

10

494

70

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

10

494

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO16

30

364

51

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

30

398

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO16

30

256 Crusty malted wheat bread (Finest, UK)

528

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

13

257 English Muffin bread (Natural Ovens, USA)

777

10911 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

14

11

258 English Muffin, Whole Grain Multigrain,

453

64

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

11

537

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

12

556

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

14

626

89

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

14

689

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

14

7014

100

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

13

598

8412

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

13

265 Malt loaf, organic (UK)

599

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

21

12

266 Molenberg (Goodman Fielder, Auckland,

7510

107

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h

29

30

14

11

267 Multigrain bread (Sainsbury's, UK)

8010

114

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

10

268 Multigrain batch bread (UK)

628

89

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

14

269 9-Grain Multi-Grain (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)

435

61

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

30

14

270 Multigrain Loaf, spelt wheat flour (Australia)

5410

77

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

30

15

271 Multigrain (50% kibbled wheat grain) (Australia)

43

617

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

12

30

14

272 Multigrain loaf, containing coconut flour (Philippines)

60

857

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

30

12

273 Multiseed bread (UK)

544

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

30

12

274 Nutty Natural, whole grain bread

597

8511

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

12

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
13
9
9

Wholemeal stoneground (whole wheat)


wheat flour bread
244 Wholemeal bread, stoneground flour (Bill's Organic
Bread, Cardiff, Australia)
245 Wholemeal flour, stoneground (Waitrose, UK)
Specialty wheat breads
246 Bakers Delight Hi Fibre Lo GI white bread
(Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)
247 Bakers Delight Wholemeal Country Grain bread
(Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)
Brgen Mixed Grain bread (Tip Top Bakeries,
Chatswood, Australia)

mean of three studies


251 Brgen Oat Bran & Honey Loaf with Barley
(Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) (1995)
252 Brgen Oatbran & Honey bread
(Tip Top Bakeries, Australia) (2002)
253 Brgen Pumpkin Seed bread, containing 6%
pumpkin seeds (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)
254 Brgen Soy-Lin, kibbled soy (8%) and linseed (8%)
loaf (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)
255 Brgen Wholmeal & Seeds
(Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)

President's Choice Blue Menu


(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
259 Golden Hearth Organic Heavy Wholegrain bread
(Gold Coast Bakeries, QLD, Australia)
260 Healthy Choice Hearty 7 Grain
(Con Agra Inc., USA)
261 Healthy Choice Hearty 100% Whole Grain
(Con Agra Inc., USA)
262 Helga's Classic Seed Loaf (Quality Bakers,
Sydney, Australia)
263 Helga's Traditional Wholemeal bread
(Quality Bakers, Australia)
264 Hunger Filler, whole grain bread
(Natural Ovens, USA)

New Zealand)

(Natural Ovens, USA)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

10
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

275 Performax (Country Life Bakery, Australia)

383

554

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

276 Ploughman's Wholegrain, original recipe

47

674

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

UO4
12

6410

91

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

278 Seeded bread (UK)

497

70

Normal, 10

279 Sourdough wheat bread (Australia)

54

77

Normal, 10

280 Sourdough Vienna bread, Bakers Delight

666

94

506

719

282 Stay Trim, whole grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA)


283 Tip Top EnerGI white bread

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size
g
30

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
13
5

30

14

UO4

30

13

Glucose, 2h

32

30

11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

14

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

16

10

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

10

7010

10115 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

15

10

54

77

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO16

30

13

58

83

Normal, 20

Glucose, 2h

UO4,6

30

13

556

79

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

10

286 Vogel's Honey & Oats (Stevns & Co, Sydney, Australia)

555

79

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

30

14

287 Vogel's Wonder White 'Low GI' white bread

543

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

12

59

84

Normal, 20

Glucose, 2h

UO4,6

30

12

289 100% Whole Grain bread (Natural Ovens, USA)

5111

7315

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

13

79

11313 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

UO4
15

30

290 White wheat flour flatbread (Sweden)

30

16

13

291 Wheat bread, Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) wheat,

71

10217 Normal, 11

Bread, 2h

53

30

12

65

9313

Normal, 11

Bread, 2h

53

30

12

67

9513

Normal, 11

Bread, 2h

53

30

12

294 Lebanese bread, white (Seda Bakery, Sydney, Australia)

759

107

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

16

12

685

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
23

30

295 Pita bread, white, mini (UK)

30

15

10

296 Pita bread, wholemeal (UK)

5613

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

14

297 All-Bran (Kellogg's, Pagewood, NSW, Australia)17


298 All-Bran (Kellogg's, Battle Creek, MI, USA)11, 14

30

433

Normal, 7

Bread, 3h

54

30

15

38

54

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

55

30

21

299 All-Bran (Kellogg's Inc., Canada)

515

73

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

30

23

12

300 All-Bran (Kellogg's, Battle Creek, MI, USA)

557

78

Normal, 6

Glucose, 3h

56

30

21

12

446

628

30

20

301 All-Bran Fruit 'n Oats (Kellogg's, Australia)

419

59

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

30

17

302 All-Bran Soy 'n fiber (Kellogg's, Australia)

333

474

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

14

303 All-Bran Wheat Flakes (Kellogg's, Australia)

608

86

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

30

21

12

304 Balance (Sainsbury's, UK)

745

106

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
14

30

23

17

305 Barley flakes (China)

693

99

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

30

20

14

46

659

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

57

50 (dry)

32

15

39

556

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

57

50 (dry)

28

11

62

886

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

58

50 (dry)

28

17

65

939

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

58

50 (dry)

28

18

68

9716

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

15

50 (dry)

34

23

(Quality Bakers, Australia)


277 Ploughman's Wholemeal, smooth milled
(Quality Bakers, Australia)

(Bakers Delight Holdings, Australia)


281 Soy & Linseed bread (made from packet mix cooked
in bread maker) (Con Agra Inc., USA)

(Tip Top Bakeries, George Weston Ltd, Australia)


284 Tip Top EnerGI white bread
(Tip Top Bakeries, George Weston Ltd, Australia)
285 3 Grain Bread, sprouted grains (Stonemill Bread,
Toronto, Canada)

(Quality Bakers, Australia)


288 Vogel's Wonder White 'Low GI' white bread
(Quality Bakers, Australia)

leavened with crushed whole grains (Denmark)


292 Wheat bread, Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) wheat,
leavened with honey and salt (Denmark)
293 Wheat bread, Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) wheat,
leavened with yeast (Denmark)
Unleavened Breads

BREAKFAST CEREALS
All-Bran (high-fiber, extruded wheat bran cereal)

mean of four studies

Barley porridge
306 Barley flour porridge, made from milled dehulled barley
kernels (flour:water = 1:3) boiled for 2.5 min (Sweden)
307 Barley flour porridge, made from milled high-amylose
(covered) barley kernels (flour:water = 1:3),
boiled for 2.5 min (Sweden)
308 Barley porridge made from steamed thin (0.5 mm)
dehulled barley flakes (Sweden)
309 Barley porridge made from steamed thick (1.0 mm)
dehulled barley flakes (Sweden)
310 Wholemeal barley flour porridge (100% regular barley)
(flour:water = 1:3), boiled 2.5 min (Sweden)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

11
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

55

788

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

15

4310

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

12

313 Branflakes (Healthy Living, UK)

507

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

20

10

314 Bran Flakes, President's Choice Blue Menu

658

93

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

19

12

74

106

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

18

13

63

90

30

19

12

316 Chocapic, wheat-based flaked cereal (2003)

7010

100

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

25

17

317 Chocapic, wheat-based flaked cereal (2003)

749

106

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

30

26

19

318 Chocapic, wheat-based flaked cereal (2003)

849

120

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

UO4
59

30

26

22

76

109

30

26

20

319 Coco Pops (Kellogg's, Australia)

778

110

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

320 Coco Pops (Kellogg's, Australia)

773

110

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

321 Cornflakes (China)

743

106

Normal, 9

322 Cornflakes (Kellogg's, Australia)

77

110

Normal, 6

323 Cornflakes (China)

794

112

324 Cornflakes (Kellogg's Inc., Canada)

806

325 Cornflakes (Kellogg's, UK)

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

311 Wholemeal high-fiber barley flour porridge (50%

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g
g/serve
50 (dry)
15
8

barley flour: 50% high-fiber barley flour) (Sweden)


312 Bran cereal, high fiber (UK)
Bran Flakes

(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


315 Bran Flakes (Kellogg's, Australia)
mean of three studies
Chocapic (Nestl, France)

mean of three studies


Coco Pops (cocoa flavored puffed rice)

30

26

20

UO4

30

26

20

Glucose, 2h

30

25

19

Glucose, 2h

60

30

25

19

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

30

25

20

114

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

30

26

21

9314

133

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

25

23

813

1155

30

25

20

326 Cornflakes, Crunchy Nut (Kellogg's, Australia)

724

103

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

24

17

327 Corn Pops (Kellogg's, Australia)

804

114

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

30

26

21

328 Energy Mix, wheat-based flaked cereal

807

114

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

UO4
59

30

25

20

5610

79

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

10

330 Froot Loops (Kellogg's, Australia)

699

9813

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

26

18

331 Frosties, sugar-coated cornflakes

55

79

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

26

14

332 Fruit and Fibre (Sainsbury's, UK)

614

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

21

13

333 Fruit and Fibre (UK)

677

96

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

21

14

334 Fruit and Fibre (Value, UK)

687

97

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

30

20

13

65

93

30

21

13

335 Fruity-Bix, berry (Sanitarium, New Zealand)

11310

161

29

30

22

25

336 Golden Wheats (Kellogg's, Australia)

718

10111 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

23

16

337 Granola Clusters, Original, low fat,

634

90

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

22

14

707

100

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

22

15

339 Grapenuts (Kraft Foods Inc, Port Chester, USA)

756

1078

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

22

16

379

53

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

UO4
22

30

340 Guardian (Kellogg's, Australia)

30

12

341 Healthwise for bowel health (Uncle Toby's,

669

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

18

12

342 High-fiber cereal (UK)

526

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

30

17

343 Hi-Lite, containing 55% rolled barley grains

545

77

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

18

10

344 Honey Rice Bubbles (Kellogg's, Australia)

774

110

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

27

20

7110

101

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

UO4
22

30

345 Honey Smacks (Kellogg's, Australia)

30

23

16

346 Hot cereal, apple & cinnamon (Con Agra Inc, USA)

376

538

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

22

347 Hot cereal, unflavored (Con Agra Inc., USA)

255

367

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

30

19

348 Just Right (Kellogg's, Australia)

6015

86

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

UO4
22

30

22

13

349 Just Right Just Grains (Kellogg's, Australia)

6211

8816

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

23

14

Cornflakes

mean of five studies

(Quaker, France)
329 Fibre First Multi-Bran Cereal, President's Choice
Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

(Kellogg's, Australia)
Fruit and Fibre

mean of three studies

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

President's Choice Blue Menu


(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
338 Granola Clusters, Raisin & Almond, low fat,
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

Wahgunyah, Australia)

(Freedom Foods, Cheltenham, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

12
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

6510

93

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
30

485

687

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

21

10

352 Mini Wheats (Kellogg's, Australia)

588

83

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

30

21

12

353 Mini Wheats (Sainsbury's, UK)

597

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

21

12

354 Mini Wheats, blackcurrant (Kellogg's, Australia)

7210

103

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

30

21

15

5510

79

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

30

19

11

51

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO16

30

20

10

513

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

17

41

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO16

30

17

359 Muesli (Value, UK)

649

92

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

19

12

360 Muesli (Canada)8


361 Muesli (Healthy Eating, UK)

669

94

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

30

24

16

8610

123

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

21

18

362 Muesli, fruit (UK)

677

96

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

21

14

363 Muesli, fruit and nut (UK)

5911

84

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

30

18

11

364 Muesli, gluten-free with Psyllium

507

72

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

10

647

91

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

13

366 Muesli, Lite (Sanitarium, New Zealand)

5412

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

29

30

18

10

367 Muesli, Morning Sun Natural Apricot & Almond

495

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

13

368 Muesli, Natural (Sanitarium, Australia)

406

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

19

579

81

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
29

30

369 Muesli, Natural (Sanitarium, New Zealand)

30

19

11

370 Muesli, Natural Style Original Swiss Formula

626

89

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

18

11

486

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

14

372 Muesli, Swiss Bircher (Woolworths Limited, Australia)

525

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

17

568

80

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

UO4
1

30

373 Muesli, Swiss Formula (Uncle Toby's, Australia)

30

16

374 Muesli, toasted (Purina, Sydney, NSW, Australia)

43+4

61

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

30

17

375 Muesli, toasted, with nuts (Australia)

655

93

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

30

17

11

376 Muesli, wholewheat (UK)

566

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
23

30

18

10

377 Muesli, yeast & wheat free (Freedom Foods, Australia)

455

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

10

378 Vogel's Caf Style Fibre-Rich Muesli

486

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

19

6612

94

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

30

15

10

846

120

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

61

10

586

83

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

61

10

648

92

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

61

10

649

91

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

61

10

384 Oat 'n Honey Bake (Kellogg's, Australia)

7711

11116 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

17

13

385 Oats, rolled, uncooked (Lowan's Whole Foods,

594

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

19

11

42

605

Normal, 7

Bread, 3h

54

250

21

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

350 Kashi Seven Whole Grain Puffs

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
24
16

(Kashi Company, USA)


351 Komplete (Kellogg's, Australia)
Mini Wheats, whole wheat

Muesli
355 Alpen original muesli, made from steamed rolled oats
with dried fruit and nuts (Weetabix, UK)
356 Brgen Fruit & Muesli
(George Weston Foods, Australia)
357 Brgen Soy-Lin Muesli
(George Weston Foods, Australia)
358 Brgen Rye Muesli
(George Weston Foods, Australia)

(Freedom Foods, Australia)


365 Muesli, Light, mixed berry & apple flavor,
Special K brand (Kellogg's, Australia)

(Australia)

(Uncle Toby's, Australia)


371 Muesli, Naytura Fruit and Nut
(Woolworths Limited, Australia)

(Specialty Cereals, Mt Kuring-gai, NSW, Australia)


379 Nutrigrain (Kellogg's, Australia)
Oat bran, consumed as a drink mixed
with 41g glucose and water
380 15 g Oat bran (containing 2 g -glucan), consumed
as a drink with glucose and water (Finland)
381 30 g Oat bran (containing 4 g -glucan), consumed
as a drink with glucose and water (Finland)
382 30 g Oat bran (containing 4 g -glucan), consumed
as a drink mixed with glucose and water, frozen for 13
days and then thawed before consumption (Finland)
383 45 g Oat bran (containing 6 g -glucan), consumed
as a drink with glucose and water (Finland)

Box Hill, Australia)


Porridge made from rolled oats
386 Porridge (Uncle Toby's, Australia)17

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

13
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

498

70

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

g
250

388 Porridge oats (Freedom Foods, Australia)

504

72

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO6

250

19

10

389 Traditional porridge oats

518

7312

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

250

21

11

524

74

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

33

17

391 Porridge (China)

552

79

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

250

23

13

392 Traditional Rolled Oats (Woolworths Limited, Australia)

575

82

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

19

11

393 Old-Fashioned Steel Cut Oats, President's Choice

578

82

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

25

14

394 Porridge (Hubbards, New Zealand)

589

82

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

29

250

21

12

395 Porridge (Australia)

584

83

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

62

250

21

12

396 Porridge (Value, UK)

6315

90

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

250

30

19

397 Porridge, organic (UK)

6311

90

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

250

29

18

398 Porridge, Scottish (UK)

637

90

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

250

31

20

mean of thirteen studies

552

792

250

24

13

557

78

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

26

14

552

79

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO5

250

35

19

74

10619 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

15

50 (dry)

32

24

55

789

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

58

250

27

15

767

109

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

27

250

25

19

69

9910

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

58

250

27

19

50

729

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

58

250

27

14

80

11412 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

58

250

27

22

53

768

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

58

250

27

14

408 Instant porridge (China)

693

99

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

250

20

14

409 Instant oat porridge, cooked in microwave

8210

117

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

24

20

410 Instant oatmeal porridge, made from packet (China)

837

119

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

250

22

18

411 Instant oat cereal porridge prepared with water (UK)

8310

119

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

250

36

30

793

1145

250

26

21

412 Pop Tarts, Double Chocolate (Kellogg's, Australia)

702

100

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

50

36

25

413 Puffed Wheat (Sanitarium, Australia)

8011

114

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO4
52

30

21

17

414 Raisin Bran (Kellogg's, USA)

615

877

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

30

19

12

415 Rice Bran, extruded (Rice Growers Co-Operative Ltd,

193

27

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

UO4
62

30

14

416 Rice Bubbles (Kellogg's, Australia)17


417 Rice Bubbles (Kellogg's, Australia)

81

11611 Normal, 7

Bread, 3h

54

30

26

21

853

121

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

26

22

418 Rice Bubbles (Kellogg's, Australia)

928

132

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

30

26

24

419 Rice Bubbles (Kellogg's, Australia)

95

136

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

UO4
60

30

26

25

mean of four studies

883

1265

30

26

23

420 Shredded Wheat (Canada)

6710

96

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

30

20

13

421 Soy Crunch Multi-Grain Cereal, President's Choice

474

67

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

30

20

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

387 Porridge, made from rolled oats cooked for 20 min

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
23
11

(Canada)

(Lowan Whole Foods, Australia)


390 Porridge, made from steel-cut oats, cooked in water
(USA)

Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

399 Multi grain instant oatmeal, Regular and Cinnamon


& Spice, President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
400 Multigrain porridge, containing rolled oats, wheat,
triticale, rye, barley and rice, cooked with water
(The Monster Muesli Company, Beecroft, Australia)
401 Wholemeal oat flour porridge (flour:water = 1:3),
boiled 2.5 min (Sweden)
402 Oat porridge made from thick (1.0 mm)
dehulled oat flakes (Sweden)
403 Oat porridge made from 0.5-0.6 mm thick flakes,
cooked for 10min (Elovena; Raisio Group Ltd,
Raisio, Finland)
404 Oat porridge made from roasted thin (0.5 mm)
dehulled oat flakes (Sweden)
405 Oat porridge made from roasted thick (1.0 mm)
dehulled oat flakes (Sweden)
406 Oat porridge made from roasted and steamed thin
(0.5 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden)
407 Oat porridge made from steamed thick (1.0 mm)
dehulled oat flakes (Sweden)
Instant Porridge

with water (Uncle Toby's, Australia)

mean of four studies

Leeton, Australia)
Rice Bubbles

33
UO

Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

14
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Special K - formulation of this cereal


varies in different countries
422 Special K (Kellogg's, Australia)

544

77

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

30

21

11

423 Special K (Kellogg's, USA)

695

987

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

30

21

14

424 Special K, made from rice (Kellogg's, France)

8412

120

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

UO4
59

30

23

20

425 Soy Tasty (flaked grains, soy nuts, dried fruit)

605

86

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

12

493

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

45

25

12

427 Sultana Bran (Kellogg's, Australia) (2007)

643

92

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

19

12

7313

104

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

UO4
8

30

428 Sultana Bran (Kellogg's, Australia) (1997)

30

19

14

429 Sustain, Original (Kellogg's, Australia) (2007)

555

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

22

12

430 Ultra-bran, Vogel's, soy and linseed extruded

414

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

13

506

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

10

433

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

19

436

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

19

7211

103

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

30

25

18

435 Vita-Brits (Uncle Toby's, Australia)17


436 Vita-Brits (Uncle Toby's, Australia)

61

8714

Normal, 7

Bread, 3h

54

30

20

12

686

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

13

437 Weet-Bix (Sanitarium, Australia)

69

99

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

17

12

438 Weet-Bix (Sanitarium, Australia)

694

99

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

30

17

12

439 Weetabix (Weetabix of Canada Ltd.)

7510

107

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

UO4
33

30

22

16

440 Whole wheat Goldies (Kellogg's, Australia)

704

100

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

30

20

14

441 Wheat based cereal biscuit (UK)

7210

103

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
32

30

20

14

692

992

30

19

13

684

96

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

14

614

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

17

10

573

81

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

16

445 Honey Goldies (Kellogg's Australia)

723

103

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

21

15

446 Lite-Bix, plain, no added sugar

703

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

14

447 Oat bran Weet-Bix (Sanitarium, Australia)

574

82

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

11

448 Sultana Goldies (Kellogg's Australia)

656

93

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

21

13

449 Branflakes (Sainsbury's, UK), with semi-skimmed milk

765

109

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

20

15

450 Cereal flakes with fruit (30 g), consumed with 125 mL

578

82

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

29

16

451 Cocoa Crunch cereal (30 g) with 125 mL skim milk (UK)

5811

83

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

28

16

452 Cornflakes (Sainsbury's, UK) (30 g), consumed with

655

93

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

25

16

546

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

30

16

454 Hot oat cereal (30 g), berry flavor (UK)

436

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

26

11

455 Hot oat cereal (30 g), cocoa flavor (UK)

405

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

23

456 Hot oat cereal (30 g), fruit flavor (UK)

478

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

25

12

457 Hot oat cereal (30 g), honey flavor (UK)

476

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

26

12

(Sanitarium, Australia)
426 Soytana, Vogel's, soy and linseed bran crunch
with sultanas (20.1 g fiber per 100 g),
(Specialty Cereals, Mt Kuring-gai, NSW, Australia)

wheat bran cereal (30.2 g fiber per 100 g)


(Specialty Cereals, Australia)
431 Vogel's Cluster Crunch Classic (Specialty Cereals,
Australia)
432 Vogel's Cluster Crunch, Honey Hazelnut
(Specialty Cereals, Australia)
433 Wild Oats Cluster Crunch Hazelnut Chocolate
(Specialty Cereals, Australia)
434 Wheat-bites (Uncle Toby's, Australia)
Wheat biscuits (plain flaked wheat)

mean of seven studies


Wheat biscuits (flaked wheat) with
additional ingredients
442 Good Start, muesli wheat biscuits
(Sanitarium, Australia)
443 Hi-Bran Weet-Bix, wheat biscuits with extra
wheat bran (Sanitarium, Australia)
444 Hi-Bran Weet-Bix with soy and linseed
(Sanitarium, Australia)

(Sanitarium, Australia)

BREAKFAST CEREALS WITH MILK

skim milk (UK)

125 mL skim milk


453 Honey Crunch cereal (30 g), consumed with
125 mL skim milk (UK)
Hot oat cereal, prepared with 125 mL skim milk

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

15
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

458 Hot oat cereal (30 g), orchard fruit flavor (UK)

507

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

g
155

459 Hot oat cereal (30 g) (UK)

476

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

23

460 Hot oat cereal (30 g) (UK)

409

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

23

mean of seven foods

451

642

155

24

11

396

56

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

19

606

86

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

19

11

606

86

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

19

12

497

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

19

406

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

250

22

616

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

250

22

14

467 Precise (Sainsbury's, UK), with semi-skimmed milk

594

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

24

14

468 Rice Pops (Sainsbury's, UK),

806

114

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

25

20

469 Cereal biscuit (30 g), cocoa flavor (UK)

467

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

27

12

470 Cereal biscuit (30 g), fruit flavor (UK)

567

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

27

15

471 Cereal biscuit (30 g), honey flavor (UK)

527

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

27

14

472 Cereal biscuit (30 g), wheat based (UK)

478

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

155

26

12

502

723

155

27

13

473 Cereal bar, cranberry flavor (UK)

425

60

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

30

15

474 Cereal bar, hazelnut flavor (UK)

336

47

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

30

11

475 Cereal bar, orange flavor (UK)

333

47

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

30

14

476 Crunchy Nut Cornflakes bar (Kellogg's, Australia)

726

1028

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

30

26

19

477 Fiber Plus bar (Uncle Toby's, Australia)

789

111

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

UO4
13

30

23

18

478 Fruity-Bix bar, wheat biscuit cereal with dried fruit

564

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

19

11

514

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

19

480 Hi-Lite breakfast bar (Freedom Foods, Australia)

533

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

21

11

481 K-Time Just Right bar (Kellogg's, Australia)

724

103

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

24

17

482 K-Time Strawberry Crunch bar (Kellogg's, Australia)

775

110

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

25

19

483 Muesli breakfast bar, gluten-free

506

72

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

17

212

30

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

13

485 Rice Bubble Treat bar (Kellogg's, Australia)

6311

9015

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

24

15

486 Sustain bar (Kellogg's, Australia)

5710

8215

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

25

14

20

295

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

57

150

42

22

316

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

57

150

42

25

358

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

57

150

42

10

26

377

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

57

150

42

11

252

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

42

11

492 Barley, pearled, boiled 60 min (UK)

354

50

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

150

42

15

493 Barley, pot, boiled (Goudas Food Products, Canada)

354

50

Normal, 47

Glucose, 2h

34

150

42

15

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

461 Muesli, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Australia)

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
25
12
11

with 1.5% fat milk


462 Muesli, Original (Sainsbury's, UK), consumed
with semi-skimmed milk
463 Muesli, Swiss (Sainsbury's, UK), consumed with
semi-skimmed milk
464 Muesli, Wheat free (Pertwee Farm's, UK), consumed
with semi-skimmed milk
465 Porridge, jumbo oats (Sainsbury's, UK), consumed
with semi-skimmed milk
466 Porridge, small oats (Sainsbury's, UK), consumed
with semi-skimmed milk

with semi-skimmed milk


Wheat biscuits consumed with 125 mL skim milk

mean of four foods


BREAKFAST CEREAL BARS

and nuts with yoghurt coating (Sanitarium, Australia)


479 Fruity-Bix bar, wild berry, wheat biscuit cereal and
covered with yoghurt coating (Sanitarium, Australia)

(Freedom Foods, Australia)


484 Omega bar, containing linseeds, sunflower kernels
and nuts, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Australia)

CEREAL GRAINS
Barley
487 Barley kernels, high-amylose (hull-less) boiled in
water for 25 min (kernel:water = 1:2.5) (Sweden)
488 Barley kernels, waxy (hull-less), boiled in water
for 25 min (kernel:water = 1:2.5) (Sweden)
489 Barley kernels, boiled in water for 25 min
(kernel:water = 1:2) (Sweden)
490 Barley kernels, high-amylose (covered), boiled in
water for 25 min (kernel:water = 1:2) (Sweden)
491 Barley, pot, boiled in salted water 20 min
(Goudas Food Products, Concord, Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

16
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

37

536

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

63

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

494 Barley, pot, boiled 20 min (Goudas Food

Ref.

Serve
Size
g
150

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
42
16

Products, Canada)
mean of eight studies

282

403

150

42

12

495 Barley (Hordeum vulgare) (India)

48

69

Normal, 18

Bread, 3h

64

150

42

20

496 Barley, rolled (Australia)

665

94

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

62

50 (dry)

38

25

497 Buckwheat groats, hydrothermally treated,

45

6410

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

19

150

30

13

498 Corn granules (China)

523

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

28

15

499 Maize (Zea Mays ), flour made into chapatti (India)

59

85

Normal, 18

Bread, 3h

64

30

13

500 Cornmeal porridge (China)

683

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

13

501 Sweet corn, 'Honey & Pearl' variety (New Zealand)

3712

53

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

29

150

30

11

502 Sweet corn, on the cob, boiled 20 min (Australia)

48

69

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

60

150

30

14

503 Sweet corn (China)

552

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

32

18

504 Sweet corn (USA)11


505 Sweet corn (South Africa)

60

86

Normal, 16

Bread, 3h

65

150

33

20

625

89

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

36

150

33

20

525

757

150

32

17

657

93

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

14

507 Millet porridge (China)

623

88

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

150

36

22

508 Quinoa, cooked, refridgerated, reheated in microwave

535

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

25

13

697

99

Normal, 10

Glucose 2 h

UO4

150

53

36

510 Type NS (India)9


511 Type NS (Canada)

43

62

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

66

150

38

16

729

103

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

33

150

42

30

512 Type NS, boiled in salted water (India)

72

103

Normal, 8

Bread, 3h

67

150

38

27

513 Type NS (China)

831

119

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

150

36

30

514 Type NS, boiled 13 min (Italy)9, 18


mean of five studies

89

127

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

68

150

48

43

728

10311

150

40

29

515 Type NS, boiled in salted water, refrigerated 16-20 h,

53

76

Normal, 8

Bread, 3h

67

150

38

20

516 Type NS, boiled 13 min, then baked 10 min (Italy)9, 18


Long grain, boiled

94

134

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

68

150

48

45

517 Long grain, white, unconverted, boiled 15 min

50

71

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

60

150

43

21

567

80

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

29

150

43

24

597

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

40

24

643

91

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

40

26

693

98

Normal, 47

Glucose, 2h

34

150

40

28

603

855

150

41

25

686

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

37

25

757

107

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

37

28

525

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

37

19

dehusked, boiled 12 min (Sweden)


Corn/Maize

Sweet corn

mean of five studies


Couscous
506 Couscous, rehydrated with hot water
(San Remo, Australia)
Millet

for 1.5 min (Nature First Organic, Australia)


Rice, white
509 Arborio, risotto rice, boiled (SunRice brand,
Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)
Rice, boiled white, type NS

reheated (India)

(Mahatma brand, Riviana Foods,


Wetherill Park, Australia )
518 Long grain, white (Uncle Bens, Auckland,
New Zealand)
519 Premium long grain, white (SunRice brand,
Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)
520 Long grain, white, boiled 7 min (Star brand,
Gouda Food Products, Canada)
521 Long grain, boiled (Star Brand, Goudas Food
Products, Canada)
mean of five studies
Rice, long grain, quick-cooking varieties
522 Long grain, parboiled 10 min cooking time
(Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, Belgium)
523 Long grain, parboiled, 20 min cooking time
(Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, Belgium)
524 Long grain, white, pre-cooked, microwaved 2 min
(Express Rice, plain, Uncle Ben's, Masterfoods, UK)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

17
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

767

109

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
150

758

107

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

39

29

527 Rice porridge (China)

696

99

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

33

23

528 Rice porridge (Australia)

885

126

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

150

15

13

529 Rice porridge, made from rice bran (China)

191

27

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4
3

150

14

530 Rice porridge, made from black rice (China)

423

60

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

150

33

14

531 Rice porridge, made from Sticky rice (China)

657

93

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

150

33

21

532 American, easy-cook rice (Sainsbury's, UK)

4912

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

150

46

22

533 Broken rice, white, cooked in rice cooker


(Lion Foods, Bangkok, Thailand)

8610

12314 Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

43

37

534 Brown Rice, Uncle Ben's Ready Whole Grain

485

69

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

150

42

20

455

64

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

150

39

18

464

66

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

150

39

18

987

14010 Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

32

31

894

127

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

42

37

10910

15614 Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

42

46

493

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

42

21

541 Moolgiri white rice (Tajmahal Agro Industries, India)

54

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO19

150

32

17

542 Original Long Grain, Uncle Ben's Ready Rice

485

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

46

22

594

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100 (dry)

78

46

514

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

42

21

486

69

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

150

37

18

514

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

44

22

485

69

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

150

36

17

8313

119

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

62

150

43

36

877

124

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

62

150

43

37

550 Waxy (0-2% amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia)

8811

126

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

62

150

43

38

551 Pelde, white (Rice Growers Co-op., Australia)

9311

133

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

62

150

43

40

Doongara, white, cooked in rice cooker (2007)


Doongara, white (1995)
Doongara, white (2005)
Doongara, white (1995)
Doongara, white (1992)

484
506
546
547
649

69
72
77
77
91

Normal, 9
Normal, 8
Normal, 10
Normal, 9
Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h
Bread, 2h
Glucose, 2h
Bread, 2h
Bread, 2h

UO4
69

150
150
150
150
150

39
39
39
39
39

19
20
21
21
25

mean of five studies

543

774

150

39

21

557 Basmati, white, boiled (Sainsbury's, UK)

438

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

150

43

18

558 Basmati, white, boiled 12 min (Value, UK)

5211

74

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

150

28

15

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

525 Long Grain White Rice in 90 Seconds, microwaved

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
58
44

(SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)


526 Medium grain white rice, boiled 12 mins
Sun Rice brand, Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)
Rice porridge/Congee

Rice, specialty rices

(pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)


535 Brown & Wild, Uncle Ben's Ready Whole Grain
Medley (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)
536 Chicken Flavored Brown Rice, Uncle Ben's Ready
Whole Grain (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)
537 Glutinous rice, white, cooked in rice cooker
(Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Mill, Bangkok, Thailand)
Jasmine rice, white
538 Jasmine Fragrant rice, white (SunRice brand,
Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)
539 Jasmine rice, white long grain, cooked in rice cooker
(Golden World Foods, Bangkok, Thailand)
540 Long Grain and Wild, Uncle Ben's Ready Rice
(pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)

(pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)


543 Red Raw rice, Sri Lankan, cooked in rice cooker
(Australia)
544 Roasted Chicken Flavored, Uncle Ben's Ready
Rice (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)
545 Santa Fe, Uncle Ben's Ready Whole Grain
Medley (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)
546 Spanish Style, Uncle Ben's Ready Rice (pouch)
(Effem Foods, USA)
547 Vegetable Harvest, Uncle Ben's Ready Whole
Grain Medley (pouch) (Effem Foods, USA)
Rice, white low-amylose
548 Calrose, white, medium grain, boiled (Rice Growers
Co-op., Australia)
549 Sungold, Pelde, parboiled (Rice Growers Co-op.,
Australia)

Rice, white high-amylose


Doongara, white (SunRice CleverRice brand,
Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)
552
553
554
555
556

UO4
69
62

Basmati, white, boiled

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

18
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

559 Basmati, white, organic, boiled 10 min (UK)

5710

82

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

560 Basmati, white, boiled (Mahatma brand, Australia)

588

83

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

561 Basmati, white, boiled (SunRice brand,

657

93

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

696

99

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

574

826

563 Basmati, easy cook, boiled 9 min (UK)

6711

96

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

564 Basmati, easy-cook rice (Sainsbury's, UK)

688

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

565 Precooked basmati rice in pouch, white, reheated in

574

81

Normal, 10

605

86

8510

568 Japonica, short-grain brown rice (Japan)


569 Japonica short-grain brown rice,

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
40
23

23

g
150

69

150

38

22

UO4

150

39

25

150

40

28

150

38

22

23

150

42

28

14

150

41

28

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

41

24

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

38

23

122

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

39

33

625

88

Normal, 19

Glucose, 2h

70

150

42

26

545

78

Normal, 13

Glucose, 2h

70

150

41

22

573

82

Normal, 19

Glucose, 2h

70

150

41

23

488

68

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

71

150

38

18

572 Japonica, short-grain white rice (Japan)

767

109

Normal, 19

Glucose, 2h

70

150

46

35

573 Japonica, short-grain white rice (Japan)

756

107

Normal, 13

Glucose, 2h

70

150

46

34

574 Japonica white rice and pre-germinated Japonica

645

91

Normal, 13

Glucose, 2h

70

150

43

27

673

96

Normal, 13

Glucose, 2h

70

150

44

30

737

104

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

38

28

686

97

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

150

40

27

666

94

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

45

150

40

26

66

9411

Normal, 10

Bread, 1h

72

150

43

28

64

9112

Normal, 7

Bread, 1h

73

150

43

28

64

9112

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

74

150

43

28

43

619

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

74

150

43

18

50

7210

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

74

150

43

22

53

754

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

74

150

43

23

55

785

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

74

150

43

24

58

815

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

74

150

43

25

587 Brown (Canada)

665

94

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

33

150

33

21

588 Brown, steamed (USA)11, 14


589 Brown rice, boiled in excess water for 25 mins

50

72

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

55

150

33

16

726

103

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

40

29

872

124

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

33

29

Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)


562 Basmati, white, boiled 8 min (UK)
mean of six studies
Basmati, white, quick cooking

microwave, Uncle Ben's Express (Masterfoods, UK)


566 Quick cooking white basmati, cooked 10 min,
Uncle Ben's Superior (Masterfoods, Belgium)
567 Japanese Style Sushi rice, white (SunRice brand,
Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)
Japonica/Koshihikari rice

pre-germinated (Japan)
570 Japonica short-grain brown rice,
pre-germinated (Japan)
571 Koshikari (Japonica), white, short-grain,
boiled 15 min, then steamed 10 min (Japan)

brown rice (ratio 1:2)


575 Japonica white rice and pre-germinated Japonica
brown rice (ratio 2:1)
576 Koshihikari rice, white (SunRice brand,
Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)
Japonica rice enriched with Sunfibre
(Cyamoposis tetragonolobus) (soluble fiber)
577 Japonica rice with 3 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Japan)
578 Japonica rice with 5 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Japan)
Milled, white, high amylose rice
579 Milled (white), high amylose (IR42) rice,
boiled 22 min (Philippines)
580 Milled (white), high amylose (IR42) rice,
boiled 22 min (Philippines)
581 Milled (white), high amylose (IR42) rice,
boiled 22 min (Philippines)
582 Milled (white), high amylose (IR62) rice,
boiled 22 min (Philippines)
583 Milled (white), high amylose (IR36) rice,
boiled 22 min (Philippines)
584 Milled (white), high amylose (IR62) rice,
cooked in rice cooker 20 min (Philippines)
585 Milled (white), high amylose (IR36) rice,
cooked in rice cooker 19 min (Philippines)
586 Milled (white), high amylose (IR42) rice,
cooked in rice cooker 14 min (Philippines)
Rice, brown

(SunRice brand, Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)


590 Brown rice (China)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

19
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

591 Calrose brown (Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)

878

124

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

62

g
150

592 Doongara brown, high amylose

667

94

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

62

150

37

24

598

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

51

30

594 Pelde brown (Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)

766

109

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

595 Parboiled, cooked 20 min, Uncle Ben's Natur-reis

647

91

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

807

114

Normal, 8

58

8311

598 Instant rice, white, cooked 3 min (China)

463

599 Instant rice, white, cooked 6 min

877

600 Instant rice, white, cooked 6 min (China)


601 Puffed, white, cooked 5 min, Uncle Ben's Snabbris

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
38
33

(Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)


593 Medium Grain Brown Rice in 90 seconds,
microwaved on high (SunRice brand,
Rice Growers Co-Op., Australia)
62

150

38

29

UO4

150

36

23

Bread, 2h

62

150

38

31

Normal, 10

Bread, 1h

72

150

42

24

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

42

19

124

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

60

150

42

36

872

124

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

42

37

745

106

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

42

31

7410

10514

150

42

31

947

132

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

69

150

42

39

38

54

Normal, 16

Bread, 3h

65

150

36

14

877

124

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

62

150

39

34

506

69

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

69

150

39

19

606 Rice, Sticky (China)

872

124

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

28

24

607 Rice, Sticky (China)

882

126

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

150

28

25

608 Rice, Sticky, high-amylose (China)

502

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

27

14

309

43

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

50 (dry)

38

11

524

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50 (dry)

37

19

611 Durum wheat, precooked, cooked 10 min (Ebly, France)

505

71

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50 (dry)

33

17

612 Durum wheat, precooked in pouch,

405

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

125

39

16

5411

77

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

52

150

47

25

474

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

25

16

615 Milk Arrowroot (Arnotts, Sydney, NSW, Australia)

697

99

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

25

18

12

616 Barquette Abricot (LU, Ris, Orangis, France)

716

101

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

59

40

32

23

617 Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (2002)

464

66

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

16

618 Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (2006)

463

66

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

16

619 Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate

579

81

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO10, 21

50

33

19

(Masterfoods, Belgium)
596 Sunbrown Quick (Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)
Rice, brown, high-amlyose
597 Brown, high amylose (IR42) rice, boiled 30 min
(Philippines)
Instant/puffed rice

(Trice brand, Australia)

(Masterfoods, Belgium)
mean of four studies
602 Instant Doongara, white, cooked 5 min
(Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)
Parboiled rice
603 Converted, white, boiled 20-30 min, Uncle Ben's
(Masterfoods, USA)
604 Parboiled, low-amylose, Pelde, Sungold
(Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)
605 Parboiled, high-amylose (28%), Doongara
(Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)
Sticky rice

Wheat
Wheat, whole kernels
609

Wheat, whole kernels (Triticum aestivum) (India)14


Wheat, precooked kernels

610 Durum wheat, precooked, cooked 20 min


(Ebly, Chateaudun, France)

reheated in microwave, Ebly Express (Ebly, France)


613 Quick cooking (White Wings, Sydney, Australia)
COOKIES
614 Apricot Temptation fruit cookies, 97% fat-free
(Freedom Foods, Australia)

Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (LU, Czech Republic)

(Opavia/LU, Czech Republic)


50

71

50

34

17

620 Bebe Dobre Rano Coconut (LU, Czech Republic)

mean of three studies

483

69

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

16

621 Bebe Dobre Rano Four Cereals (LU, Czech Republic)

514

73

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

17

622 Bebe Dobre Rano Honey and Hazelnuts

519

73

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO10, 21

50

34

17

(Opavia/LU, Czech Republic)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

20
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Bebe Dobre Rano Nuts & Honey (LU, Czech Republic)


623 Bebe Dobre Rano Nuts and Honey (2002)

415

59

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

14

624 Bebe Dobre Rano Nuts and Honey (2006)

454

64

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

15

625 Bebe Dobre Rano with Milk (LU, Czech Republic)

504

71

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

18

626 Bebe Jemne Susenky (Opavia/LU, Czech Republic)

6711

96

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO10, 21

25

20

14

627 Better Choice Multicereals (LU, Denmark)

514

73

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

17

628 Better Choice Wholegrain (LU Denmark)

463

66

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

50

35

16

629 Chocolate chip cookies, containing coconut flour

43

615

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4
2

25

16

630 Digestives (UK)

395

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

25

16

631 Digestives (Canada)

597

84

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

25

16

632 Evergreen met Krenten (LU, Netherlands)

6612

94

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

38

21

14

633 Gran'Dia Banana, Oats and Honey (LU, Brazil)

285

40

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

UO10
59

30

23

634 Gran'Dia Chocolate with five cereals (Danone, Brazil)

398

56

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

30

21

635 Grany en-cas Abricot (LU, France)

556

79

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO10

30

16

636 Grany en-cas Fruits des bois (LU, France)

505

71

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

UO10

30

14

637 Grany Rush Apricot (LU, Netherlands)

623

89

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO22

30

20

12

638 Gyri des J reggelt! Mzlivel s gymlccsel (2002)

455

64

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

16

639 Gyri des J reggelt! Mzlivel s gymlccsel (2003)

495

70

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

18

640 Gyri des J reggelt! Mzlivel s gymlccsel (2004)

476

67

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

17

47

67

50

36

17

641 Highland Oatmeal (Westons Biscuits, Australia)

558

79

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

25

18

10

642 Jo Reggelt Fruits and Figs (LU, Hungary)

416

59

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

14

643 Jubilee Nuts and Honey (LU, Russia) (2002)

443

62

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

15

644 Jubilee Nuts and Honey (LU, Russia) (2003)

454

64

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

15

645 Jyvshyv Paussi Mysli and Fruits (2002)

455

64

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

16

646 Jyvshyv Paussi Mysli and Fruits (2003)

495

70

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

18

647 Jyvshyv Paussi Mysli and Fruits (2004)

476

67

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

17

47

67

50

36

17

648 Jyvshyv Paussi Vanilla (LU Finland) (2004)

557

79

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

19

649 Jyvshyv Paussi Vanilla (LU Finland) (2006)

394

56

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

13

650 Jyvshyv Paussi Wholegrain (LU Finland)

463

66

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

16

651 Leda Luxury gluten-free chocolate coated cookies

357

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

11

425

60

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

50

34

14

653 LU P'tit Djeuner Miel et Ppites Chocolat

455

64

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

50

35

16

654 LU P'tit Djeuner Miel et Ppites Chocolat

498

70

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO10, 21

50

35

18

655 LU P'tit Djeuner Miel et Ppites Chocolat

523

74

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO22

50

35

18

49

69

50

35

17

517

73

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

18

657 LU Petit Dejeuner Chocolate & Cereals (2003)

466

66

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

16

658 LU Petit Dejeuner Chocolate & Cereals (2006)

586

83

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

20

659 LU Petit Dejeuner Cereals & Chocolate Chips, low in

375

53

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

13

660 LU Petit Dejeuner Coconut, nuts and chocolate (2005)

556

78

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

19

661 LU Petit Dejeuner Coconut, nuts and chocolate (2006)

517

73

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

17

662 LU Petit Dejeuner Fruits and Muesli (2002)

455

64

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

16

663 LU Petit Dejeuner Fruits and Muesli (2003)

495

70

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

18

664 LU Petit Dejeuner Fruits and Muesli (2004)

476

67

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

17

47

67

50

36

17

(Philippines)
Digestives

Gyri des J reggelt! Mzlivel s gymlccsel /


Fruits and Muesli (LU, Hungary)

mean of three studies

Jyvshyv Paussi Mysli and Fruits (LU Finland)

mean of three studies

(Leda Nutrition, QLD, Australia)


652 LU P'tit Djeuner Chocolat (LU, France)
LU P'tit Djeuner Miel et Ppites Chocolat
(LU, France)

mean of three studies


656 LU Petit Dejeuner, Chocolate, low in sugar (LU France)
LU Petit Dejeuner Chocolate & Cereals (LU, France)

sugar (LU France, LU Belgium, LU Czech Republic)


LU Petit Dejeuner Coconut, nuts and chocolate
(LU, France)

LU Petit Dejeuner Fruits and Muesli (LU France)

mean of three studies

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

21
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

LU Petit Dejeuner Honey & Chocolate chips


(LU France)
665 LU Petit Dejeuner Honey & Chocolate chips (2003)

476

67

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

17

666 LU Petit Dejeuner Honey & Chocolate chips (2006)

464

66

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

16

667 LU Petit Dejeuner Milk and Cereals (2004)

557

79

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

19

668 LU Petit Dejeuner Milk and Cereals (2006)

394

56

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

13

669 LU Petit Dejeuner Multicereals (LU France, LU Belgium)

463

66

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

16

670 LU Petit Dejeuner with Fruits and Figs

416

59

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

14

671 LU Petit Dejeuner with Prunes (LU, France)

516

73

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

34

17

32

463

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4
2

50

672 Macaroons, prepared with coconut flour (Philippines)

30

18

673 Maltmeal wafer (Griffin's Foods Ltd., New Zealand)

5010

71

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

29

25

17

674 Morning Coffee (Arnotts, Australia)

796

113

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

25

19

15

675 Nutrigrain Fruits des bois (Kellogg's, France)

574

81

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

23

13

457

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO22
32

35

676 Oat biscuit (UK)

25

15

677 Oat biscuit (China)

551

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

25

16

678 Oat biscuit, Nairn's Stem Ginger Oat Biscuit

55

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO23

25

17

679 Oatmeal (Canada)

544

77

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

25

17

680 Oro (Saiwa, Italy)

619

87

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

40

34

21

681 Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (2002)

455

64

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

16

682 Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (2003)

495

70

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

18

683 Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (2004)

476

67

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

36

17

47

67

50

36

17

684 Petit brun extra (LU, France)

7712

110

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

25

20

15

685 Petit LU Normand (LU, France)

513

73

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO22

25

19

10

686 Petit LU Roussillon (LU, France)

484

69

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO22

25

18

687 President's Choice Blue Menu Cranberry

604

85

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

17

10

627

88

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

16

10

645

91

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

17

11

690 Prince Energie+ (LU, France)

735

104

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO22

25

17

13

691 Prince fourr chocolat (LU, France)

505

71

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO10

45

30

15

692 Prince fourr chocolat (LU, France)

535

76

Normal, 13

Glucose, 2h

45

30

16

693 Prince gout chocolat (LU, France)

535

76

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

UO10
59

45

32

17

694 Prince Meganana Chocolate (LU, Spain)

4912

70

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO10

50

36

18

695 Prince Petit Dj Cereals (LU, France)

527

74

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

34

18

696 Prince Petit Dj Cereals and Chocolate (LU, France)

515

73

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

18

697 Prince Petit Djeuner Vanille (LU, France and Spain)

456

64

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

50

36

16

698 Principe megamanana vanilla (LU, Spain)

456

64

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

UO10
59

50

35

16

699 Rich Tea (UK)

405

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

25

18

700 Rich Tea (Canada)

554

79

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

25

19

10

701 Sabl des Flandres (LU, France)

5710

81

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

15

648

91

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO10
52

20

702 Shortbread (Arnotts, Australia)

25

16

10

703 Shredded Wheatmeal (Arnotts, Australia)

624

89

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

25

18

11

704 Snack Right Fruit Pillow, Apple and blackberry

433

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

35

25

11

453

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

35

25

11

706 Snack Right Fruit Pillow, Wild berry (Arnott's, Australia)

523

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

35

25

13

707 Snack Right Fruit Slice, Mango and passionfruit

493

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

35

26

13

708 Snack Right Fruit Slice, Mixed berry (Arnott's, Australia)

503

71

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

35

27

13

709 Snack Right Fruit Slice, Original Sultana (97% fat-free)

482

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

35

26

12

LU Petit Dejeuner Milk and Cereals


(LU France and LU Belgium)

(LU France, LU Belgium)

(Nairn's Oatcakes Ltd, Edinburgh, Scotland)

Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (LU Poland)

mean of three studies

Orange Cookies (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


688 President's Choice Blue Menu Crunchy
Oat Cookies (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
689 President's Choice Blue Menu Ginger &
Lemon Cookies (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

(Arnotts, Australia)
705 Snack Right Fruit Pillow, Spicy apple and sultana
(Arnotts, Australia)

(Arnott's, Australia)

(Arnott's, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

22
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

453

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
35

711 Th (LU, France)

417

57

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

25

19

712 Vritable Petit Beurre (LU, France)

518

73

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

25

19

10

713 Vritable Petit Beurre (LU, France) (2002)

545

78

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

19

10

714 Vritable Petit Beurre (LU, France) (2006)

546

77

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

25

19

10

715 Vitasnella frollini (Saiwa, Italy)

5910

84

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

UO4
59

25

20

12

716 Choice grain crackers (UK)

497

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

25

16

717 Corn Thins, puffed corn cakes, gluten-free

8710

124

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

20

18

718 Cream Cracker (LU Triumfo, Brazil)

6511

93

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

25

17

11

719 High-calcium cracker (Danone, Malaysia)

528

74

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

25

17

720 Jatz, plain salted craker biscuits (Arnotts, Australia)

555

79

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

25

17

10

721 Lees Cabin Crackers (Fiji)

605

86

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

25

19

11

722 President's Choice Blue Menu Ancient Grains

656

93

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

16

10

606

86

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

17

10

567

81

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

17

657

92

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

17

11

819

116

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

52

25

19

15

727 Puffed rice cakes, white (Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)

8211

117

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

62

25

21

17

728 Rice cake (China)

823

117

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

25

21

17

729 Rice cakes, Calrose rice (low-amylose)

917

128

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

69

25

21

19

615

85

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

69

25

21

13

731 Puffed rice cakes, caramel flavored (USA)

8210

117

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

22

18

91

130

Normal, 10

30

25

23

733 Rye crackers with oats (UK)

6411

92

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h
Glucose, 2h

UO4
38

25

732 Rice cracker, plain (Sakada, Japan)

32

25

16

10

734 Rye crackers with sesame (UK)

5712

82

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

25

16

735 Ryvita (Canada)


736 Ryvita Pumpkin Seeds & Oats

6910

99

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

33

25

16

11

467

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO16

25

14

737 Ryvita Sunflower Seeds & Oats


(George Weston Foods, Australia)

488

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO16

25

14

738 Kavli Norwegian Crispbread

717

101

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

25

16

12

709

100

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

25

17

12

740 Water cracker (Canada)

639

90

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

25

18

11

741 Water cracker (Arnotts, Australia)

7811

111

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

52

25

18

14

742 Wholegrain crackers with sesame seeds and

538

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

25

16

743 Wholewheat crackers with pumpkin and thyme (UK)

363

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

25

15

744 Wholewheat sticks, crunchy, yeast extract

508

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

25

14

745 Custard, low-fat, vanilla flavored (Nestl, Australia)

294

41

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

100

10

746 No Bake Egg Custard, prepared from powder

352

503

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

17

4310

61

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

52

100

17

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

710 Snack Right Fruit Slice, Sultana with chocolate

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
24
11

(Arnott's, Australia)

CRACKERS

(Real Foods, St Peters, Australia)

snack crackers (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


723 President's Choice Blue Menu Wheat & Onion
snack crackers (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
724 President's Choice Blue Menu Wheat & Sesame
snack crackers (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
725 President's Choice Blue Menu Wheat snack
crackers (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
726 Puffed Crispbread (Westons, Australia)
Puffed rice cakes

(Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)


730 Rice cakes, Doongara rice (high-amylose)
(Rice Growers Co-op, Australia)

(George Weston Foods, North Ryde, Australia)

(Players Biscuits, Sydney, Australia)


739 Sao, plain square crackers (Arnotts, Australia)
Water cracker

rosemary (UK)

flavored (UK)
DAIRY PRODUCTS AND ALTERNATIVES
Custard

with whole milk (Nestl, Australia)


747 Custard, home made from milk, wheat starch,
and sugar (Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

23
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

374

526

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

363

514

100

15

303

43

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO6

100

288

40

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

150

23

307

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

150

17

752 Fromage Frais, red fruit: blackcurrant8


(Healthy Living, UK)

225

31

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

100

753 Fromage Frais, red fruit: raspberry8


(Healthy Living, UK)

318

44

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

100

13

754 Fromage Frais, red fruit: red cherry8


(Healthy Living, UK)

256

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

100

755 Fromage Frais, red fruit: strawberry8


(Healthy Living, UK)

299

41

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

100

756 Fromage Frais, yellow fruit: mandarin and orange8


(Healthy Living, UK)

196

27

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

100

757 Fromage Frais, yellow fruit: mango and papaya8


(Healthy Living, UK)

257

36

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

100

758 Fromage Frais, yellow fruit: passionfruit and pineapple8


(Healthy Living, UK)

185

26

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

100

759 Fromage Frais, yellow fruit: peach and apricot8


(Healthy Living, UK)

225

31

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

100

760 Fruche, low-fat, apricot vanilla honey

345

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

22

376

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

21

345

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

22

343

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

22

343

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

21

376

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

21

476

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

33

16

327

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

594

84

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

12

769 Ice cream (half vanilla, half chocolate) (Italy)24


Ice cream, Reduced- or Low-fat

57

8240

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

76

50

10

770 Chocollo, low-fat chocolate flavored ice cream

246

34

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

11

365

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

13

273

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

13

273

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

13

304

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

13

46

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

15

553

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

16

475

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

10

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

748 TRIM, reduced-fat custard (Pauls Ltd,

Serve
Size
g
100

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
15
6

Brisbane, Australia)
mean of four studies
749 Custard, low-fat, trifle flavored (Nestl, Australia)
Crme Fraiche
750 Crme fraiche dessert, peach (Finest, UK)8
751 Crme fraiche dessert, raspberry (Finest, UK)8
Fromage Frais

(National Foods Ltd, Melbourne, Australia)


761 Fruche, low-fat, berry compote
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
762 Fruche, low-fat, duet peach on pineapple
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
763 Fruche, low-fat, lemon sorbetto
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
764 Fruche, low-fat, orange sorbetto
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
765 Fruche, low-fat, peach roulade
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
766 Fruche on Fruit, low-fat, toffee apple
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
767 Ice cream, low carbohydrate, chocolate (Australia)7
768 Ice fruit confection, Frosty Fruits Orange
Mango Splits (Nestl Peter's, Australia)
Ice cream, Regular/type NS

(Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd, Australia)


771 Ice cream, low-fat, Bulla Light Creamy vanilla
(Regal Cream Products, VIC, Australia)
772 Ice cream, low-fat, Bulla Light Real Dairy chocolate
(Regal Cream Products, Australia)
773 Ice cream, low-fat, Bulla Light Real Dairy English
toffee (Regal Cream Products, Australia)
774 Ice cream, low-fat, Bulla Light Real Dairy mango
(Regal Cream Products, Australia)
775 Ice cream, low-fat, vanilla, 'Light'
(Nestl Peter's, Australia)
776 Ice cream, low-fat, Light & Creamy, Raspberry Ripple
(Nestl Peter's, Australia)
777 Ice-cream, low-fat (1.2 % fat), Light Prestige8
rich vanilla (Norco, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

24
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

778 Ice-cream, low-fat (1.4% fat), Light Prestige8


traditional toffee (Norco, Australia)

374

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
50

779 Ice-cream, reduced-fat (7.1 % fat), Prestige8


golden macadamia (Norco, Australia)

373

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

12

373

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

383

54

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

616

879

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

77

100

54

33

783 Full-fat (Italy)24


784 Full-fat (3% fat, Sknemejerier, Malm, Sweden)8

11

158

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

76

250 mL

12

21

304

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

78

250 mL

12

785 Full-fat (Dairy Farmers Ltd, Sydney, Australia)25


786 Full-fat (Canada)

312

442

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

250 mL

12

346

49

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

UO4
33

250 mL

12

787 Full-fat, pasteurised, fresh, organic (Arla, UK)8


788 Full-fat (USA)8

346

49

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

250 mL

12

412

59

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

79

250 mL

12

789 Full-fat, standardised homogenised, pasteurised,

4610

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

250 mL

12

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
14
5

Ice cream, Premium (high-fat)


780 Ice cream, premium, Ultra chocolate, 15% fat
(Sara Lee, Gosford, NSW, Australia)
781 Ice cream, premium, French vanilla, 16% fat
(Sara Lee, Australia)
782 Milk, condensed, sweetened (Nestl, Australia)
Milk, full-fat

British (Dairycrest, UK)8


mean of seven studies

314

457

250 mL

12

790 Fermented cow's milk (ropy milk, lngfil, 3% fat)

11

153

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

78

(Arla, Gvle, Sweden)8


791 Fermented cow's milk (filmjlk, 3% fat)

11

153

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

78

792 Full-fat milk + 20g wheat bran (Italy)24


Milk, full-fat, flavored

28

4027

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

76

250 mL

12

793 Banana, honey and malt flavored milk (Australia)

314

44

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

27

794 Masters mocha milk (National Foods Ltd, Australia)

324

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

27

306

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

13

256

36

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

250 mL

13

348

49

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

250 mL

13

30

43

250 mL

13

233

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

15

276

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

16

374

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

24

275

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

22

355

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

25

246

34

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

250 mL

15

344

49

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

250 mL

26

805 Rush Heavenly Vanilla Malt milk

314

44

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

15

806 Rush Intense Coffee milk

243

34

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

14

807 Rush Ultimate Chocolate milk

265

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

14

808 Rush Wicked Latte milk

263

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

14

809 Pura HiLo milk (National Foods Ltd, Australia)

205

29

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

14

810 Pura Skimmer milk (National Foods Ltd, Australia)

205

29

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

250 mL

14

811 Milk, skim, made from powder (Arla Foods, Sweden)8, 9

27

385

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

250 mL

11

(Sknemejerier, Malm, Sweden)8

Milk, reduced-fat
795 Milk, reduced fat (1.4%) (Lite White,
Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)25
796 Milk, semi-skimmed, British (Dairycrest, UK)8
797 Milk, semi-skimmed, pasteurised, organic (Arla, UK)8
mean of three studies
798 Milk, reduced fat with added omega 3
(Take Care, Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)25
799 Milk, reduced fat (98% fat free) with added omega 3
25

(Farmers Best, Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)


Milk, reduced- or low-fat, flavored
800 Big M flavored milk, chocolate or strawberry
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)

801 Masters Light, 99% fat free chocolate or mocha milk


(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
802 Masters, reduced fat, chocolate or strawberry milk
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
803 Milk, low-fat, chocolate, with aspartame, Lite White
(Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)
804 Milk, low-fat, chocolate, with sugar, Lite White
(Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)
Rush flavored milk (Parmalat Australia Ltd,
South Brisbane, Australia)

Milk, skim/low-fat
UO
80

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

25
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

812 Pura Light Start milk (National Foods Ltd, Australia)

305

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

813 Pura Tone milk (National Foods Ltd, Australia)

305

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

16

325

46

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

UO4
33

250 mL

814 Milk, skim (Canada)

250 mL

13

815 Milk, skim (Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)25


816 Milk, skim (USA)

326

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

250 mL

13

32

46

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4
7

250 mL

11

817 Milk, skim (USA)8


818 Milk, skimmed, pasteurised, British (Dairycrest, UK)8

373

53

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

79

250 mL

13

4815

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

250 mL

13

819 Shape milk, fat free (Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)25


mean of eleven studies

343

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

17

312

453

250 mL

14

820 Milkshake, made from Chocollo, low-fat chocolate

214

30

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

30

821 Nestl Combo mousse (Nestl, Australia)

425

60

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO6

70

12

822 Nestl Milo flavored mousse (Nestl, Australia)

463

66

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO6

70

14

823 Butterscotch, 1.9% fat (Nestl, Australia)

364

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

10

824 Chocolate, 2% fat (Nestl, Australia)

314

446

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

11

825 Citrus (Nestl, Australia)

475

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

30

14

826 Hazelnut, 2.4% fat (Nestl, Australia)

364

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

10

827 Mango, 1.8% fat (Nestl, Australia)

335

47

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

11

828 Mixed berry, 2.2% fat (Nestl, Australia)

365

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

10

829 Strawberry, 2.3% fat (Nestl, Australia)

323

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

10

362

513

50

10

830 Chocolate, made from powder and whole milk

474

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

16

831 Vanilla, made from powder and whole milk

404

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

16

832 Le Rice, Apple & Cinnamon flavor

524

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

38

20

833 Le Rice, Apricot & Almond Muesli flavor

454

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

39

18

834 Le Rice, Caramel flavor

416

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

38

16

835 Le Rice, Forest Berries flavor

454

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

36

16

836 Le Rice, Raspberry & Apple flavor

524

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

38

20

837 Le Rice, Strawberry flavor

546

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

38

21

838 Le Rice, Tropical Mango flavor

546

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

38

20

839 Le Rice, Vanilla flavor

434

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

37

16

mean of eight foods

482

693

180

38

18

263

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

13

184

26

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

15

842 Yoghurt, black cherry (Finest, UK)8


843 Yoghurt, black cherry (Healthy Living Light, UK)8

173

24

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

14

6715

96

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

12

844 Yoghurt, bourbon vanilla (Finest, UK)8


845 Yoghurt, champagne rhubarb (Finest, UK)8

6414

92

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

32

20

4912

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

38

19

846 Yoghurt, Devonshire fudge (Finest, UK)8


847 Yoghurt, Greek style, honey topped (UK)8

377

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

34

13

367

51

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

32

12

848 Yoghurt, lemon curd (Finest, UK)8


849 Yoghurt, orange blossom (Finest, UK)8

6714

96

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

45

30

4211

60

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

40

17

850 Yoghurt, peach & apricot (Healthy Living Light, UK)8


851 Yoghurt, peach melba (Value, UK)8

286

40

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

17

575

82

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

200

32

18

852 Yoghurt, raspberry (Healthy Living Light, UK)8


853 Yoghurt, red fruit: Morello cherry8

438

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

16

356

50

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

12

378

53

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

13

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g
g/serve
250 mL
15
4

ice cream, skim milk and malted milk powder


(Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd, Australia)
Mousse, prepared

Mousse, reduced-fat, prepared from


commerical mousse mix with water

mean of seven foods


Pudding, instant (White Wings, Australia)

Pudding, made from dairy and rice, Yoplait


Le Rice (National Foods Ltd, Australia)

Yoghurt
840 Jalna Bush Honey Bio Dynamic yoghurt
25

(Jalna Dairy Foods, VIC, Australia)


841 Jalna Premium Vanilla Creamy yoghurt
(Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)

(Healthy Living Light, UK)


854 Yoghurt, red fruit: raspberry and black cherry8
(Healthy Living Light, UK)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

26
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

855 Yoghurt, red fruit: raspberry and cranberry8


(Healthy Living Light, UK)

4212

60

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

g
200

856 Yoghurt, Scottish raspberry (Finest, UK)8


857 Yoghurt, strawberry (Healthy Living Light, UK)8

327

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

40

306

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

16

858 Yoghurt, strawberry and cream (Finest, UK)8


859 Yoghurt, summer fruit: apricot8

416

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

38

16

114

16

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

13

860 Yoghurt, summer fruit: peach and vanilla8


(Healthy Living Light, UK)

267

37

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

13

861 Yoghurt, summer fruit: raspberry8


(Healthy Living Light, UK)

285

40

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

12

862 Yoghurt, summer fruit: strawberry8


(Healthy Living Light, UK)

369

51

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

13

863 Yoghurt, toffee (Healthy Living Light, UK)8


864 Yoghurt, tropical fruit: guava and passionfruit8

4111

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

16

247

34

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

12

865 Yoghurt, tropical fruit: mango8


(Healthy Living Light, UK)

328

46

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

13

866 Yoghurt, tropical fruit: peach and apricot8


(Healthy Living Light, UK)

276

39

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

13

867 Yoghurt, tropical pineapple8 (Healthy Living Light, UK)


868 Yoghurt, Valencia orange (Finest, UK)8

387

54

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

13

347

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

33

11

869 Yoghurt, vanilla (Healthy Living Light, UK)8


870 Yoghurt, white peach (Finest, UK)8

4713

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

14

5412

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

32

17

871 Mochaccino frozen yoghurt

515

73

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

125

21

11

872 Strawberry Banana frozen yoghurt

556

78

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

125

20

11

873 Vanilla frozen yoghurt

465

66

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

125

21

10

51

72

125

21

11

144

20

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

200

13

875 Low-fat, fruit, sugar, Ski (Dairy Farmers, Australia)

337

47

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

200

31

10

876 Low-fat, sugar-sweetened, strawberry classic,

335

47

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

31

10

3114

44

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

30

878 Low-fat, Nestl Diet Blueberry (Nestl, Australia)

324

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

200

11

879 Low-fat, Nestl Diet Mixed Berry (Nestl, Australia)

284

40

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO6

200

11

880 Low-fat, Nestl Diet Peaches & Cream

283

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

200

11

881 Low-fat, apricot (UK)8


882 Low-fat, black cherry (UK)8

426

60

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

28

12

415

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

28

11

883 Low-fat, hazelnut (UK)8


884 Low-fat, peach melba (Value, UK)8

539

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

29

15

5611

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

28

16

885 Low-fat, raspberry (UK)8


886 Low-fat, strawberry (UK)8

346

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

28

10

6111

89

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

30

18

887 Heavenly Honey flavor

324

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

36

11

888 Lemon Crme flavor

436

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

39

17

889 Luscious Berries flavor

292

41

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

30

890 Passionfruit flavor

323

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

33

11

891 Strawberry flavor

283

40

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

29

mean of five foods


Natural yoghurt

333

474

200

33

11

892 Fat-Free Natural yoghurt

195

27

200

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
27
11
13

(Healthy Living Light, UK)

(Healthy Living Light, UK)

Yoghurt, frozen, President's Choice Blue Menu


brand (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

mean of three foods

UO

Low-fat yoghurt
874 Low-fat, fruit, aspartame, Ski
(Dairy Farmers, Australia)

Yoplait Lite (National Foods Ltd, Australia)


877 Low-fat (0.9%), fruit, wild strawberry (Ski d'lite,
Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)

(Nestl, Australia)

Vaalia, low-fat, sugar sweetened yoghurt


(Pauls Ltd, Australia)

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

(Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)25

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

27
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

893 Greek Style yoghurt, Premium blend

124

17

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
200

(Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)25


894 Leben European Style yoghurt

115

16

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

3510

50

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

35

12

196

288

200

14

274

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

14

897 Diet Vaalia, exotic fruits (Pauls Ltd., Australia)8


898 Diet Vaalia, mango (Pauls Ltd., Australia)8

232

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

16

232

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

14

899 Diet Vaalia, mixed berry (Pauls Ltd., Australia)8


900 Diet Vaalia, strawberry (Pauls Ltd., Australia)8

253

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

13

232

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

13

901 Diet Vaalia, vanilla (Pauls Ltd, Australia)8


mean of five foods

232

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

13

231

341

200

14

902 Ski, Honey flavor (Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)

402

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

35

14

903 Ski, vanilla flavor (Dairy Farmers Ltd, Australia)

404

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

31

12

904 Yoplait No Fat berry fruit flavors8


905 Yoplait No Fat Strawberry Classic flavor8

163

23

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

13

193

27

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

13

906 Yoplait No Fat tropical fruit flavors8


907 Yoplait No Fat yoghurt, various flavors8

204

29

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

13

183

26

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

14

181

261

200

13

908 Yoghurt, probiotic, prune (UK)8


909 Yoghurt, probiotic, raspberry (UK)8

4410

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

29

13

4510

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

29

13

910 Yoghurt, probiotic, strawberry (UK)8


mean of three foods

5214

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

29

15

47

67

200

29

14

911 Reduced-fat, Vaalia, apricot & mango

264

386

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

200

30

(Pauls Ltd., Australia)8


912 Reduced-fat, Vaalia, french vanilla

264

385

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

200

10

(Pauls Ltd., Australia)8


913 Reduced-fat, Extra-Lite, strawberry

284

406

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

200

33

(Pauls Ltd., Australia)8


914 Reduced-fat, strawberry (Czech Republic)

435

61

Normal, 20

Glucose, 2h

39

200

32

14

915 Reduced-fat, Yoplait Lite, berry fruit flavors

253

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

34

373

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

32

12

272

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

33

325

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

27

919 Probiotic drink, cranberry (UK)8


920 Probiotic drink, orange (UK)8

569

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

250 mL

31

17

308

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

250 mL

34

10

921 Probiotic drink, original (UK)8


922 Vitalise Multivitamin Cultured Milk Fruit Drink

345

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

250 mL

31

11

245

34

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

13

194

27

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

13

384

546

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

250 mL

36

14

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
8
1

(Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)25


895 Yoghurt, low fat, natural (UK)8
mean of four foods
Non-fat yoghurt
896 Passionfruit yoghurt, fat-free (Jalna Dairy Foods,
Australia)
Diet Vaalia, sweetened with acesulfame K
and Splenda

Ski, non-fat, sugar sweetened

Yopliat, non-fat, artificially sweetened yoghurts


(National Foods Ltd, Australia)

mean of four foods


Probiotic yoghurt

Reduced-fat yoghurt

(National Foods Ltd, Australia)


916 Reduced-fat, Yoplait Lite, tropical fruit flavors
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
917 Reduced-fat, Yoplait Lite, various flavors
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
918 Reduced-fat, Yoplait Lite, Fruit Salad flavor
(National Foods Ltd, Australia)
Yoghurt drinks

(Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)


923 Wildberry Yoghourt on the Go
(Jalna Dairy Foods, Australia)
924 Yoghurt drink, reduced-fat, Vaalia, tropical
8

passionfruit (Pauls Ltd., Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

28
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Soy-based dairy product alternatives


Soy milks
925 Soy milk, full-fat (3%), Original, 0 mg calcium,

445

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

17

with maltodextrin, (So Natural Foods, Australia)


926 Soy milk, full-fat (3%), Calciforte, 120 mg calcium,

364

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

18

with maltodextrin (So Natural Foods, Australia)8 (2000)


927 Soy milk, full-fat (3%), 120 mg calcium, Calciforte

414

59

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h

UO6

250 mL

15

(So Natural Foods, Australia)8 (2006)


928 Soy milk, Vitasoy Organic (National Foods Ltd,

433

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

16

215

30

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

(National Foods Ltd, Australia)


930 Soy milk, low-fat (0.7%), Vitasoy Light Original

455

65

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

10

(National Foods Ltd, Australia)8


931 Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), Vitasoy So Milky Lite

173

24

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

(National Foods Ltd, Australia)8


932 Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), 120 mg calcium, Light,

443

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

17

containing maltodextrin (So Natural Foods, Australia)8


933 Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.8%), 120 mg calcium, Vitasoy

183

26

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

12

405

57

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250 mL

28

11

154

22

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250 mL

283

40

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250 mL

16

937 Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), Vitasoy Lush,

313

44

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

19

Chocolate (National Foods Ltd, Australia)8


938 Soy milk, reduced-fat (1.5%), Vitasoy Lush, Vanilla

313

44

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

17

(National Foods Ltd, Australia)


939 Soy smoothie drink, banana, 1% fat

303

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

22

(So Natural Foods, Australia)8


940 Soy smoothie drink, chocolate hazelnut, 1% fat

343

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

25

(So Natural Foods, Australia)8


941 Up & Go, cocoa malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal

435

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

11

liquid breakfast) (Sanitarium, Australia)8


942 Up & Go, original malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal

465

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

24

11

392

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

34

13

503

71

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

26

13

945 Apple, Golden Delicious (Canada)

393

56

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

120

16

946 Apple, dried (Australia)

295

417

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

60

36

11

947 Sliced Apples, canned, solid packed without juice

422

60

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

10

948 Apricots, raw, NS (Australia)

343

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

949 Apricot Halves canned in fruit juice (Langeberg

515

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

12

950 Apricots, dried (Australia)

307

43

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

60

27

951 Apricots, dried, ready to eat (UK)

316

44

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

60

22

952 Apricots, dried, ready to eat, bite size (UK)

327

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

60

22

31

44

60

24

Australia)
929 Soy milk, Vitasoy So Milky Regular
8

Premium Vitality+ (National Foods Ltd, Australia)


Soy milk drinks

934 Soy Beverage, Chocolate flavored, President's Choice


Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
935 Soy Beverage, Original flavored, President's Choice
Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
936 Soy Beverage, Vanilla flavored, President's Choice
Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

liquid breakfast) (Sanitarium, Australia)


943 Xpress, chocolate (soy bean, cereal, legume extract
drink with fructose)8 (So Natural Foods, Australia)
Soy yoghurt
944 Soy yoghurt, peach and mango, 2% fat, sugar
(So Natural Foods, Australia)8
FRUIT AND FRUIT PRODUCTS
Apples, raw

(Langeberg and Ashton Foods Pty Ltd, South Africa)


Apricots

and Ashton Foods Pty Ltd, South Africa)


Apricots, dried

mean of three studies

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

29
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

953 Apricot dried fruit snack (Australia)

423

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
15

954 Apricot & apple fruit strips, gluten-free

296

41

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

20

16

436

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

16

506

72

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

19

557

7810

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

13

568

80

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

30

12

513

734

30

15

959 Banana (Australia)

475

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

24

11

629

89

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

UO4
33

120

960 Banana (Canada)

120

25

16

961 Banana (South Africa)

705

100

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

36

120

23

16

962 Banana, processed fruit fingers, Heinz Kidz

6111

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

12

465

66

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

18

355

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

537

76

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

100

966 Breadfruit, peeled, boiled 10 min (Jamaica)

475

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

120

22

10

967 Breadfruit, peeled, boiled 26 min (Jamaica)

609

83

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

81

120

28

17

968 Breadfruit, raw (Australia)8


969 Breadfruit, roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica)

68

97

Normal, 7

82

120

27

18

728

103

Normal, 10

Potato26, 3h
Glucose, 2h

81

120

27

20

626

888

120

26

16

636

90

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

14

415

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

21

542

773

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

77

120

19

10

506

71

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

83

60

44

22

315

44

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

83

60

46

14

475

67

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

84

60

30

14

458

65

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

84

60

45

20

363

51

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

83

60

45

16

424

605

60

42

18

294

41

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

16

616

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

60

26

16

543

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

11

104

14

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

19

102

14

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

15

507

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

19

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
12
5

(Freedom Foods, Australia)


Apricot jam/fruit spread
955 Apricot 100% Pure Fruit spread, no added sugar
(Freedom Foods, Australia)
956 Apricot 100% Fruit Spread, Cottees brand
(Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)
957 Apricot fruit spread, reduced sugar (Glen Ewin Jams,
Para Hills, Australia)
958 President's Choice Blue Menu Twice the Fruit
Apricot spread (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
mean of four studies
Banana, raw

(H J Heinz, Malvern, Australia)


963 Blackberry 100% Fruit Spread, Cottees brand
(Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)
964 Blackberry Sour Buzz dried fruit leather, Sunripe
School Straps (Windsor Farm Foods, Australia)
965 Bluberries, wild (Wild Blueberries Association, Canada)
Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis )

mean of four studies


970 Cherries, dark, raw, pitted (Australia)25
971 Cherries, sour, pitted, canned (Always Fresh brand,
Australia)8
972 Custard apple, raw, flesh only (Australia)
Dates
973 Dates, Barhi variety, dried and vacuum packed
(United Arab Emirates)
974 Dates, Bo ma'an variety, dried and vacuum packed
(United Arab Emirates)
975 Dates, Khalas (Rutab, soft early ripened) variety
(United Arab Emirates)
976 Dates, Khalas (Tamer, sun dried stored in traditional
Bedu manner) variety (United Arab Emirates)
977 Dates, Khalas variety, dried and vacuum packed
(United Arab Emirates)
mean of five studies
978 Divine Date spread (Buderim Ginger, Buderim, QLD,
Australia)
979 Figs, dried, tenderised, Dessert Maid brand
(Ernest Hall & Sons, Sydney, Australia)
980 Fruit Salad canned in fruit juice, containing peach,
pear, apricot, pineapple and cherries
(Langeberg and Ashton Foods Pty Ltd, South Africa)
Ginger
981 Ginger, candied, sucrose-free
(Buderim Ginger, Australia)
982 Ginger Spread, sucrose-free
(Buderim Ginger, Australia)
983 Original Ginger marmalade
(Buderim Ginger, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

30
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

984 Grapes, black, Waltham Cross (Australia)

59

84

Normal, 11

Bread, 2h

UO4

g
120

985 Grape Nectar (Chateau Barrosa, Lyndoch,

525

74

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

20

16

475

67

Normal,10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

21

10

587

83

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

120

12

798

11311 Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

77

120

20

16

472

67

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

12

513

73

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

120

15

423

60

Normal,10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

23

10

992 Mixed fruit, dried (Value, UK)

607

86

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

60

41

24

993 Nectarines, raw (Australia)8


Oranges, raw

436

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

994 Oranges, type NS (South Africa)

336

47

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

36

120

10

995 Oranges, type NS (Canada)

403

57

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

120

11

995 Orange & Grapefruit segments, canned in juice

534

76

Normal,10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

19

10

273

39

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO6

30

16

997 Marmalade, orange (Australia)

489

6912

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

20

998 Breakfast Marmalade 100% Fruit Spread,

554

79

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

18

10

43

62

30

18

999 Paw paw (Carica papaya ) (Australia)8


Peaches

566

80

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

120

1000 Peach, canned in natural juice (Goulburn Valley

304

43

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

120

11

456

64

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

120

11

464

66

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

14

40

58

5811

83

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

643

92

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

629

89

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

465

66

Normal,10

454

66

1008 Peach, dried (UK)

355

1009 Peach & pear fruit strips, gluten-free

296

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
18
11

SA, Australia)
986 Grapefruit, ruby red segments, canned in juice
(Woolworths Limited, Australia)
987 Kiwi fruit (Australia)8
988 Lychee, canned in syrup and drained,
Narcissus brand (China)
989 Mandarin segments, canned in juice
(Woolworths Limited, Australia)
990 Mango (Mangifera indica ) (Australia)8
991 Mango, low-fat frozen fruit dessert, Frutia
(Weis Frozen Foods, Toowong, Australia)

(Woolworths Limited, Australia)


Orange Marmalade
996 Marmalade, orange 100% Pure Fruit spread,
no added sugar (Freedom Foods, Australia)

Cottees brand (Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)


mean of three foods
Paw paw/papaya, raw

brand, Ardmona Foods, Mooroopna, Australia)


1001 Peach, canned in natural juice (SPC Ltd,
Shepparton, Australia)
1002 Peach, canned in natural juice (SPC Ardmona Ltd,
Shepparton, VIC, Australia)
mean of three studies

120

12

120

15

UO4

120

19

12

120

17

11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

12

Normal,10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

13

50

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

60

22

41

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

20

11

256

36

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

120

14

1011 Pear halves, canned in natural juice (SPC Ltd, Australia)

4315

61

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

120

13

1012 Pear, dried (UK)

4315

61

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

60

27

12

667

94

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

120

10

434

61

Normal,10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

19

1003 Peach, canned in heavy syrup (Letona Foods,


Hawthorn East, VIC, Australia)
1004 Peach, canned in heavy syrup (Homebrand,
Yennora, NSW, Australia)
1005 Peach, canned in reduced-sugar syrup, SPC Lite
(SPC Ltd, Australia)
1006 Peach & Grapes, canned in natural fruit juice
(Woolworths Limited, Australia)
1007 Peach & Pineapple, canned in natural fruit juice
(Woolworths Limited, Australia)

(Freedom Foods, Australia)


Pears
1010 Pear halves, canned in reduced-sugar syrup, SPC Lite
(SPC Ltd, Australia)

Pineapple
1013 Pineapple, raw (Australia)8
1014 Pineapple pieces, canned in fruit juice
(Woolworths Limited, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

31
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

555

79

Normal,10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
120

537

76

Normal,10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

17

294

41

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

60

33

10

1018 Raisins (Canada)

6411

91

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

60

44

28

1019 Raspberry 100% Pure Fruit spread, no added sugar

264

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

25

13

465

66

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

18

1021 Rockmelon/Cantaloupe, raw (Australia)8


1022 Rockmelon/Cantaloupe, raw (Australia)7

659

93

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

120

70

100

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

1023 Strawberries, fresh, raw (Australia)8


1024 Strawberry jam (Australia)

407

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO

120

5110

7314

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

20

10

1025 Strawberry100% Fruit Spread, Cottees brand

465

66

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

18

6912

99

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

294

42

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

24

40

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

9012

129

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

26

23

1029 Sultanas (Australia)

5611

80

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

60

46

26

1030 Sultanas (Value, UK)

566

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

60

42

23

1031 Sultanas (UK)

5811

83

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

60

42

24

57

81

60

43

25

1032 Tropical dried fruit snack (Australia)

413

58

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

15

11

1033 Vitari, wild berry, non-dairy, frozen fruit dessert

598

8511

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

100

21

12

1034 Watermelon, raw (Australia)8


1035 Watermelon, raw (Australia)7

7213

103

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

120

803

114

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

1036 Wild berry dried fruit snack (Australia)

354

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

15

12

395

557

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

250 mL

25

10

1038 Apple juice, Granny Smith, unsweetened (Australia)

443

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

30

13

1039 Apple juice, pure, clear, unsweetened (The Wild

442

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

30

13

373

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

28

10

454

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

25

11

433

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

33

14

475

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

34

16

485

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

33

16

433

61

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

23

10

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1015 Pineapple pieces, canned in natural fruit juice

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
17
10

(Woolworths Limited, Australia)


1016 Pineapple & Papaya pieces, canned in natural juice
(Woolworths Limited, Australia)
1017 Prunes, pitted (Sunsweet Growers Inc., Yuba City, USA)
Raisins

(Freedom Foods, Australia)


1020 Raspberry 100% Fruit Spread, Cottees brand
(Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)
Rockmelon/Cantaloupe

(Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)


1025 President's Choice Blue Menu Twice the Fruit
Spread - Strawberry & Rhubarb
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1026 Strawberry fruit leather (Stretch Island Fruit
Company, Washington, USA)
1027 Strawberry & wildberry dried fruit leather, Sunripe
School Straps (Windsor Farm Foods, Australia)
1028 Strawberry processed fruit bars, Real Fruit Bars
(Uncle Toby's, Australia)
Sultanas

mean of three studies

(Nestl, Australia)
Watermelon

FRUIT JUICES
Apple juice
1037 Apple juice, unsweetened, reconstituted
(Berrivale Orchards Ltd, Berri, Australia)

About Fruit Company, Wandin, VIC, Australia)


1040 Apple juice, pure, cloudy, unsweetened
(The Wild About Fruit Company, Australia)
1041 Apple and blackcurrant juice, no added sugar
(Berri Ltd, Australia)
1042 Apple and cherry juice, pure, unsweetened
(The Wild About Fruit Company, Australia)
1043 Apple and mango juice, pure, unsweetened
(The Wild About Fruit Company, Australia)
1044 Apple, pineapple and passionfruit juice, unsweetened
(The Wild About Fruit Company, Australia)
1045 Carrot juice, freshly made (Sydney, Australia)8

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

32
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Cranberry juice
1046 Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray,

523

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

31

16

683

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

35

24

564

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

29

16

59

84

250 mL

32

19

1049 Orange juice (Canada)

466

66

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

250 mL

26

12

1050 President's Choice Blue Menu Oh-Mega j Orange

484

68

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250 mL

30

14

536

76

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

250 mL

18

545

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

21

11

502

723

250 mL

24

12

433

61

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

36

15

473

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

27

12

473

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

12

393

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

28

11

236

32

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250 mL

333

47

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

384

54

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

31

44

250 mL

556

78

Normal, 11 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100 mL

355

50

Normal, 10 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100 mL

306

43

Normal, 9 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100 mL

366

52

Normal, 10 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100 mL

1064 Apple baby food (Czech Republic)

465

66

Normal, 20 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

39

120

22

10

1065 Farex baby rice, 7 g cereal with 80 g water

9513

136

Normal, 11 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

87

1066 Apple, apricot and banana cereal8


1067 Creamed rice porridge8

568

80

Normal, 11 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

75

13

598

84

Normal, 11 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

75

1068 Rice pudding8


Heinz for Baby from 4 months

596

84

Normal, 11 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

75

11

6711

96

Normal, 10 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

6513

93

Normal, 11 (adults)

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

15

10

47

677

Normal, 10 (adults)

Bread, 2h

85

250

25

12

Melbourne, Australia)
1047 Cranberry juice cocktail
(Ocean Spray Inc., Lakeville-Middleboro, MA, USA)
1048 Cranberry juice drink, Ocean Spray
(Gerber Ltd., Bridgewater, Somerset, UK)
mean of three studies
Orange juice

juice beverage (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


1051 Orange juice, unsweetened, reconstituted concentrate,
Quelch brand (Berri Ltd, Australia)
1052 Orange juice, unsweetened, reconstituted concentrate,
Mr Juicy brand (Berri Ltd, Australia)
mean of four studies
1053 Prune juice (Golden Circle, Australia)
SuperJuice (Berri Ltd, Australia)
1054 SuperJuice Greenzone, containing apple, orange and
pineapple juice
1055 SuperJuice Immune, containing apple juice,
pineapple juice and guava puree
1056 SuperJuice Kickstart, containing apple juice,
blueberry puree and banana puree
Tomato juice
1057 Tomato juice, low sodium, President's Choice Blue
Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1058 Tomato juice, no added sugar (Campbell's Soup
Company, Camden, USA)
1059 Tomato juice, canned, no added sugar
(Berri Ltd, Australia)8
mean of three studies
INFANT FORMULA AND WEANING FOODS
Formula
1060 Infasoy, soy-based, milk-free (Wyeth Nutritionals,
8

Baulkham Hills, NSW, Australia)


1061 Karicare gold starter formula with omega plus
LCP oils (Nutricia, Auckland, New Zealand)8
1062 Nan-1 infant formula with iron (Nestl, Australia)8
1063 S-26 infant formula (Wyeth Nutritionals, Australia)8
Weaning Foods

(Heinz Wattie's Ltd., Malvern, Australia)8


Robinsons First Tastes from 4 months
(Nutricia, Wells, UK)

(Heinz Wattie's Ltd, Australia)


1069 Chicken and noodles with vegetables, strained8
1070 Sweetcorn and rice8
Porridge/Gruel (Semper Foods AB, Sweden)
1071 Gruel (wholemeal wheat, rye, rice, wheat and oat flour),
made with whole milk and water24

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

33
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

1072 Porridge (rice & wheat flour), apple-pear flavored,

46

669

Normal, 10 (adults)

Bread, 2h

85

g
250

made with whole milk and water24


1073 Porridge (wholemeal wheat, oat, rice & wheat flour),

51

7311

Normal, 10 (adults)

Bread, 2h

85

250

30

15

fruit flavored, made with whole milk and water24


1074 Porridge (rice and wheat flour), made with

54

776

Normal, 10 (adults)

Bread, 2h

85

250

30

16

51

739

Normal, 10 (adults)

Bread, 2h

85

250

30

15

1076 Baked Beans, canned (Canada)

403

57

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

33

150

15

1077 Baked Beans, Heinz Vegetarian baked haricot beans

40

57

Normal, 6

Glucose, 3h

86

150

15

(HJ Heinz Company, Dandenong, VIC, Australia)11


1078 Baked Beans in Cheesy Tomato sauce

444

63

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO6

150

24

10

1079 Baked Beans in Barbecue sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)

474

67

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO6

150

27

13

1080 Baked Beans in Ham sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)

534

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

150

25

13

1081 Baked Beans in Mild Curry sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)

495

70

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO6

150

23

11

1082 Baked Beans in Sweet Chilli sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)


1083 Baked Beans in Tomato sauce (HJ Heinz, Australia)
1084 Baked Beans in Tomato sauce, canned, reheated in
microwave for 1.5 min (HJ Heinz, Australia)

463
405
577

66
57
82

Normal, 10
Normal, 10
Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h
Glucose, 2h
Glucose, 2h

UO6
UO6
UO4

150
150
150

26
20
23

12
8
13

1085 Beans, dried, type NS (Italy)24


Blackeyed beans/peas (Cowpeas), boiled

37

5225

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

76

150

30

11

1086 Blackeyed beans (Canada)

334

47

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

150

30

10

1087 Blackeyed peas (Vigna unguiculata),

52

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

87

150

30

16

boiled (Nigeria)11, 14
1088 Blackeyed peas (Vigna unguiculata), boiled,

38

54

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

87

150

30

11

363

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

23

267

37

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

150

20

287

40

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

36

150

20

364

51

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

150

20

323

454

150

21

315

44

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

21

1094 Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum Linn ), dried, soaked,

10

143

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

88

150

30

boiled 35 min (Philippines)


1095 Chickpeas (Canada)
1096 Chickpeas, canned, drained, Edgell's brand

365
383

51
54

Normal, 6
Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h
Glucose, 2h

33
UO4

150
150

30
23

11
9

(Simplot Australia, Australia)8


1097 Chickpea Hommus dip, Chris' Traditional brand

225

31

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

(Capitol Chilled Foods Pty Ltd, ACT, Australia)8


1098 Four bean mix, canned, drained, Edgell's brand

375

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

24

1099 Haricot/Navy beans, boiled (Canada)

316

44

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

150

30

1100 Haricot/Navy beans (King Grains, Canada)

39

5616

Normal, 6

Bread, 1h

89

150

30

12

1101 Haricot beans, home-cooked, soaked overnight,

23

33

Normal, 6

Glucose, 3h

86

150

30

14

195

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

88

150

25

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
30
14

whole milk and water24


1075 Rice porridge, made with whole milk and water24
LEGUMES AND NUTS
Baked Beans

(HJ Heinz, Australia)

Beans, dried, boiled

consumed with 4.24 g salt (Nigeria)11, 14


Butter Beans
1089 Butter beans, canned, drained, Edgell's brand
8

(Simplot Australia, Cheltenham, Australia)


1090 Butter beans, dried, soaked overnight,
boiled 50 min (UK)

1091 Butter beans, dried, soaked overnight, cooked in


salted water (South Africa)
1092 Butter beans (Canada)
mean of four studies
1093 Cannellini beans, canned, drained, Edgell's brand
(Simplot Australia, Cheltenham, Australia)8
Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans, Bengal gram), boiled

(Simplot Australia, Australia)8


Haricot/Navy beans

boiled 1h in water, baked in tomato sauce 2 h11


(HJ Heinz, Australia)
Kidney Beans
1102 Kidney/white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn),
soaked, boiled 17 min (Philippines)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

34
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

1103 Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris ) (India)

19

27

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

66

g
150

1104 Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), red,

25

366

Normal, 10

Bread, 1.5h

24

150

25

soaked 20 min, boiled 70 min (Sweden)


1105 Kidney beans (Canada)

298

41

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

150

25

223

315

150

25

1106 Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), autoclaved

34

495

Normal, 10

Bread, 1.5h

24

150

25

1107 Kidney beans, dried, soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h,

7011

100

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

150

25

17

steamed 1 h (India)14
1108 Black bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn ), soaked
overnight, cooked 45 min (Philippines)

20

284

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

88

150

25

1109 Dark Red Kidney beans, canned in brine, drained,

435

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

23

10

Edgell's brand (Simplot Australia, Australia)8


1110 Red Kidney beans, canned, drained, Edgell's brand

364

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

25

515

73

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

150

24

12

1112 Lentils, type NS (Canada)

293

41

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

33

150

18

1113 Lentils, brown, canned, drained, Edgell's brand

425

60

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

21

(Simplot Australia, Australia)8


1114 Lentils, green, dried, boiled (Australia)

373

53

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

51

150

14

1115 Lentils, red, split, dried, boiled 25 min (UK)

217

30

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

150

18

1116 Marrowfat peas, dried, boiled (Canada)

473

68

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

150

19

31

446

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

88

150

17

1118 Mung bean, fried (Australia)

538

7611

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

150

17

1119 Mung bean, germinated (Australia)

254

365

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

150

17

1120 Mung bean, pressure cooked (Australia)

425

607

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

150

17

1121 Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan Linn. Huth. ), soaked,

22

314

Normal, 11

Bread, 1h

UO4
88

150

20

33

47

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

55

150

23

383

54

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

26

10

1124 Soya beans, dried, boiled (Canada)

155

21

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

33

150

1125 Soya beans, dried, boiled (Australia)

203

29

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

51

150

1126 Soya beans, canned (Canada)

142

20

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

33

150

1127 Soya beans, canned in brine, drained, Edgell's brand

143

20

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

(Simplot Australia, Australia)7


1128 Split peas, yellow, dried, soaked overnight,

256

36

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

150

13

2910

41

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

250 mL

19

294

41

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

31

12

1131 Chocolate weight management drink (UK)24


1132 Chocolate weight management drink (UK)24

235

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

250 mL

18

398

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

250 mL

18

1133 Hazelnut & Apricot bar (Dietworks,

427

6010

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

50

22

285

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

355

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

19

324

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

19

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

mean of four studies

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
25
5

(Simplot Australia, Australia)


1111 Red Kidney beans, dried, soaked overnight,
boiled 60 min (UK)
Lentils

Mung beans
1117 Mung bean (Phaseolus areus Roxb), soaked,
boiled 20 min (Philippines)

boiled 45 min (Philippines)


Pinto beans
1122 Pinto beans, steamed (USA)11, 14
1123 Refried Pinto beans, Casa Fiesta brand
(Capital Foods Pty Ltd, Australia)
Soya beans

boiled 55 min (UK)


MEAL REPLACEMENT & WEIGHT
MANAGEMENT PRODUCTS
1129 Chocolate, lactose-free, weight management drink (UK)24
1130 Chocolate weight management bar
(Shaklee Corporation, Pleasanton, CA, USA)

South Yarra, Australia)


1134 InZone nutritious beverage powder, prepared
with water (Indevex AB, Sweden)
1135 Juice Plus+ Complete meal replacement powder,
Dutch chocolate flavor (Australia)
1136 Juice Plus+ Complete meal replacement powder,
French vanilla flavor (Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

35
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Lean Cuisine frozen convenience meals


(Nestl, Australia)
1137 French style chicken with rice, reheated8
1138 Honey Soy Beef with Wholemeal Noodles, reheated

366

51

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO4

280

48

17

534

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

280

36

19

1139 Burmese Vegetable Curry & rice, reheated

496

72

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

280

40

20

1140 Chicken Pomodoro, reheated

468

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

280

36

17

1141 L.E.A.N Fibergy bar, Harvest Oat

454

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

29

13

1142 Nutrimeal, drink powder, Dutch Chocolate

263

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

13

1143 L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar, Peanut Crunch

304

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

40

19

1144 L.E.A.N (Life long) Nutribar, Chocolate Crunch

324

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

40

19

1145 Lemon weight management bar

234

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

31

12

1146 Lemon weight management bar (UK)24


1147 Malt toffee weight management bar (UK)24

328

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

50

21

437

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

50

24

10

1148 Peanut Butter weight management bar

224

31

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

31

12

285

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

106

14

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

285

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

543

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

33

18

273

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

23

496

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

32

16

364

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

46

17

375

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

27

10

356

50

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

34

12

333

47

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

30

10

202

29

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

27

1160 SlimFast Pasta Florentina meal (SlimFast Foods, UK)

535

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

34

12

1161 Tony Ferguson's Meal Replacement Shake,

222

31

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

28

1162 Designer chocolate, sugar-free8


Burn-it bars

143

20

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

35

22

1163 Chocolate deluxe8


1164 Peanut butter8

293

41

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

233

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

1165 Chewy choc-chip8


1166 Chocolate deluxe8

304

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

80

14

384

54

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

80

13

1167 Peanut butter8


1168 Strawberry shortcake8

224

31

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO

80

434

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

80

13

L.E.A.N products (Usana Inc.,


Salt Lake City, UT, USA)

(Shaklee Corporation, USA)

(Shaklee Corporation, USA)


1149 Provide nutritious beverage powder,
prepared with water (Indevex AB, Sweden)
1150 ReduceXS Chocolate Deluxe formulated meal
8

replacement powder, prepared with water (Australia)


1151 SICCON D2 nutritious beverage powder, prepared
with water (Indevex AB, Sweden)
SlimFast weight management products
SlimFast bars
1152 SlimFast chocolate caramel meal replacement bar
(SlimFast Foods Ltd, Slough, Berks, UK)
1153 SlimFast chocolate meal replacement bar
(SlimFast Foods Ltd, UK)
1154 SlimFast Chocolate Muesli snack bar
(SlimFast Foods Ltd, UK)
SlimFast beverages

1155 SlimFast Double Chocolate meal replacement powder,


prepared with skim milk (SlimFast Foods Ltd, UK)
1156 SlimFast French Vanilla ready-to-drink shake
(Slim Fast Foods Company, Englewood, NJ, USA)
1157 SlimFast meal replacement powder, prepared
with skim milk (Unilever Australasia, Australia)
1158 SlimFast Strawberry Supreme ready-to-drink shake
(SlimFast Foods Ltd, UK)
SlimFast meals
1159 SlimFast Garden vegetable soup with
peppers and croutons (SlimFast Foods Ltd, UK)

all flavors, prepared with water (Australia)


Worldwide Sport Nutrition reduced-carbohydrate
products (2000 formulations) (Worldwide Sport
Nutritional Supplements Inc., Largo, FL, US)

Pure-protein bars

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

36
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

1169 White chocolate mousse8


Pure-protein cookies

404

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
80

1170 Choc-chip cookie dough8


1171 Coconut8

253

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

55

11

425

60

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

55

1172 Peanut butter8

377

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

55

1173 Beef and ale casserole, convenience meal (Finest, UK)8


1174 Berrynice Yoghurt Crunch (low fat yoghurt,

5312

76

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

15

honey toasted oats, strawberries and blueberries)

435

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

216

36

15

6610

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

128

30

20

668

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

95

25

17

664

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

164

26

17

663

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

186

40

26

598

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

24

14

1180 Cannelloni, spinach and ricotta (UK)

154

21

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

54

1181 Chicken korma and peshwari rice, prepared meal

446

63

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

48

21

459

64

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

48

21

464

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

16

556

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

21

12

347

49

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

60

21

424

60

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

46

19

1187 Chilli con carne, made from haricot beans (Australia)

349

49

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

28

300

36

12

1188 Chow mein, chicken, convenience meal8


(Healthy Living, UK)

557

79

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

23

13

1189 Chow mein, chicken, convenience meal

477

67

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

38

18

375

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

22

394

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

23

436

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

23

10

335

47

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

20

1194 Cottage pie (UK)

658

93

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

300

34

22

1195 Cumberland fish pie (UK)

405

57

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

31

12

1196 Cumberland pie (UK)

296

41

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

37

11

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
15
6

MIXED MEALS AND CONVENIENCE FOODS

(McDonald's Australia Ltd, Australia)


Burgers
1175 Fillet-O-Fish burger (fish patty, cheese and tartare
sauce on a burger bun)
(McDonald's Australia Ltd, Australia)
1176 Hamburger (beef patty, ketchup, pickle, onion and
mustard on a burger bun)
(McDonald's Australia Ltd, Australia)
1177 Lean beef burger (lean beef patty, tomato, mixed
lettuce, cheese, onion and sauce on a burger bun)
(McDonald's Australia Ltd, Australia)
1178 McChicken burger (chicken patty, lettuce,
mayonnaise on a burger bun)
(McDonald's Australia Ltd, Australia)
1179 Vege Burger (vegetable patty, lettuce, tomato and
sweet chilli sauce on a burger bun) (Australia)

(Finest, UK)
1182 Chicken korma and rice, convenience meal
(Healthy Living, UK)
1183 Chicken nuggets, frozen, reheated in
microwave oven 5 min (Savings,
Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Australia)
1184 Chicken McNuggets consumed with sweet Thai
chilli sauce (McDonald's, Australia)
1185 Chicken tikka masala and rice, convenience meal
(Healthy Living, UK)
1186 Chilli beef noodles, prepared convenience meal
(Finest, UK)

(Serves One, UK)


Continental Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce
(Unilever Australiasia, Epping, NSW, Australia)
1190 Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce, Cheesy, prepared
with water, reduced-fat milk & margarine
1191 Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce, Creamy Carbonara,
prepared with water, reduced-fat milk & margarine
1192 Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce, Creamy Sun-dried Tomato,
prepared with water, reduced-fat milk & margarine
1193 Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce, Parmesan and Cracked
Pepper, prepared with water, reduced-fat milk
and margarine

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

37
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

375

53

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

84

g
215

294

41

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

84

185

50

1199 Dumpling, containing meat and shallots (China)

283

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

100

21

1200 Fajitas, chicken (UK)

4214

60

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

42

18

1201 Greek lentil stew with a bread roll, home made

405

57

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

90

360

37

15

66

9411

Normal, 15

Bread, 4h

91

100

34

22

368

51

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

28

250

33

12

219

30

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

28

250

35

358

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

300

27

10

1206 Lasagne, beef (frozen) (UK)

477

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

300

35

17

1207 Lasagne, meat (Healthy Living, chilled, UK)

284

40

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

38

11

1208 Lasagne, type NS (Finest, UK)

348

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

300

31

10

1209 Lasagne, type NS (UK)

255

36

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

30

1210 Lasagne, vegetarian (UK)

206

29

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

48

10

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1197 Dates, Khalas (Rutab, soft early ripened) (90 g),

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
50
19

eaten with full-fat plain yoghurt (125 g)


(United Arab Emirates)
1198 Dates, Khalas (Tamer, dark brown commercial) (60 g),

15

eaten with full-fat plain yoghurt (125 g)


(United Arab Emirates)

(Australia)
1202 Instant mashed potato (McCain, McCain Foods, USA),
eaten with 62 g cheese and 16 g butter (Canada)
1203 Kidney beans, (canned) with bacon and tomatoes
(Australia)
1204 Kidney beans, (cooked from dried beans) with bacon
and tomatoes (Australia)
1205 Lamb moussaka, prepared convenience meal8
(Finest, UK)
Lasagne

1211 Lentil and cauliflower cury with rice (Australia)

6010

86

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

90

300

42

25

1212 Lentil and cheese pie (Australia)

258

36

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

28

300

42

11

1213 Lentils and vegetables, steamed for 10 min then boiled

35

499

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

92

200

21

1214 Mushroom stroganoff with rice (UK)

266

37

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

43

11

1215 Parboiled rice (Uncle Bens Converted, Mars, USA)

27

386

Normal, 15

Bread, 4h

91

100

36

10

234

33

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

43

10

283

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

274

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

405

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

54

7714

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

92

200

22

12

456

64

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

27

12

366

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

24

304

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

22

1224 Pizza, Vegetarian Supreme, thin and crispy (7.8 % fat)

496

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

25

12

(Pizza Hut, Australia)8


1225 Stone Baked Whole Wheat Pizza - Vegetable, Pesto

544

78

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

100

21

11

626

89

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

139

37

23

767

109

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

112

26

20

395

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

112

26

10

for 10 min consumed with an orange (Chile)

consumed with 68 g cheese and 14 g butter (Canada)


1216 Pasta bake, tomato and mozzarella (UK)
Pasta eaten with other foods
1217 Fusilli pasta twists (Tesco Stores Ltd, UK), boiled
10 min in salted water, served with canned tuna (UK)
1218 Fusilli pasta twists (Tesco Stores Ltd, UK), boiled
10 min in salted water, served with cheddar cheese (UK)
1219 Fusilli pasta twists (Tesco Stores Ltd, UK), boiled
10 min in salted water, served with chilli con carne (UK)
1220 Spaghetti, beans & vegetables steamed for 25 min,
consumed with an orange (Chile)
1221 Pies, beef, party size (Farmland,
Grocery Holdings, Australia)
Pizza
1222 Pizza, Super Supreme, pan (11.4% fat)
(Pizza Hut, Sydney, NSW, Australia)
1223 Pizza, Super Supreme, thin and crispy (13.2 % fat)
(Pizza Hut, Australia)

and Feta Cheese, President's Choice Blue Menu


(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
Potato with added ingredients
1226 Potato, Estima (50 g), microwaved 6 min then
baked 10 min, served with baked beans (89 g) (UK)
1227 Potato, Estima (50 g), microwaved 6 min then
baked 10 min, served with canned tuna (62 g) (UK)
1228 Potato, Estima (50 g), microwaved 6 min then baked
10 min, served with cheddar cheese (62 g) (UK)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

38
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

757

107

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

g
113

173

24

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

300

49

1231 Barley Risotto with Herbed Chicken (entre)

384

54

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

38

15

1232 4-Bean Salad, low-fat

133

19

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

100

11

1233 Cauliflower-Topped Shepherd's Pie (entre)

214

30

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

17

1234 Chicken Curry with Vegetables (entre)

268

37

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

12

1235 Deluxe Cheddar Macaroni & Cheese Dinner

346

48

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

60

39

13

1236 Ginger-Glazed Salmon (entre)

413

58

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

45

18

1237 Lentil and Bean Vegetable Patties

545

78

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

113

27

15

1238 Linguine with Shrimp Marinara (entre)

406

57

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

28

11

1239 Penne with Roasted Vegetables (entre)

395

56

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

43

17

1240 Rotini with Chicken Pesto (entre)

574

81

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

47

25

1241 3-Rice Bayou Blend Rice & Beans Sidedish

444

63

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

34

15

1242 4-Rice Pilaf Rice & Beans Sidedish

465

65

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

36

16

1243 Rice & Lentils Espana Sidedish

495

69

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

36

17

1244 Sesame Ginger Chicken with Vegetables (entre)

448

63

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

17

1245 Tomato and Herb Chicken (entre)

295

42

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

30

1246 Vegetable Ancient Grain Vegetable Patties

543

77

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

113

25

14

1247 Vegetarian Chili

396

56

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

300

27

11

1248 Yellow Curry Chicken (entre)

255

36

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

300

15

1249 Sausages and mash potato, prepared

617

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO5
23

300

40

25

6612

94

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

90

360

53

35

1251 Shepherds pie, prepared convenience meal (UK)

669

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

300

44

29

1252 Spaghetti bolognaise, home made (Australia)

529

74

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

90

360

48

25

1253 Steak and ale with cheddar mash potato8


convenience meal (Finest, UK)

4812

69

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

300

26

12

1254 Stuffed bun, with shallots and meat, steamed (China)

394

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

100

30

12

1255 Sushi, salmon ('I Love Sushi', Sydney, Australia)8


1256 Sushi, roasted sea algae, vinegar and rice (Japan)

488

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

36

17

79

Normal, 9

100

37

20

1257 Sweet and sour chicken with noodles, prepared

417

59

Normal, 8

Rice13, 2h
Glucose, 2h

UO4
38

100

55

23

300

52

21

455

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

300

61

27

787

112

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

270

56

44

676

96

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

270

48

32

635

90

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

200

54

34

1262 White wheat flour bread, butter, cheese, regular milk

55

7910

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

78

200

68

37

and fresh cucumber (Sweden)8


1263 White wheat flour bread, butter, yoghurt and

39

557

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

78

200

28

11

pickled cucumber (Sweden)8


1264 White bread roll with cheese (UK)

505

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

100

40

20

1265 White bread (Rustico Panem, Panem, Verona, Italy),

78

112

Normal, 10

Bread, 3h

93

36

14

11

20

28

Normal, 10

Bread, 3h

93

36

14

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1229 Potato, Estima (50 g), microwaved 6 min then baked

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
31
23

10 min, served with chilli con carne (63 g) (UK)


1230 Potato noodles with meat (China)
President's Choice Blue Menu convenience
meals (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

convenience meal (UK)


1250 Sirloin chop with mixed vegetables and mashed
potato, homemade (Australia)

Sushi

convenience meal (Serves One, UK)


1258 Tandoori chicken masala & rice convenience meal
(Finest, UK)
White bread with accompaniments
1259 Chicken Tandoori Deli Choice white French roll
(tandoori chicken, tomato, lettuce, cucumber, mint &
yoghurt sauce on a roll) (McDonald's Australia)
1260 Chicken Tandoori Deli Choice Multigrain roll
(tandoori chicken, tomato, lettuce, cucumber, mint &
yoghurt sauce on a roll) (McDonald's Australia)
1261 Turkey & Cranberry Deli Choice Multigrain roll
(turkey, lettuce, cranberry sauce, cheese and
mayonnaise on a roll) (McDonald's Australia)

consumed with 35 g butter11, 14


(Burro Galbani, Cademartori, Lodi, Italy)
1266 White bread (Rustico Panem, Panem, Verona, Italy),
eaten with 35 g Mazola corn oil (CDC, Milan, Italy)

11, 14

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

39
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

1267 White bread (Rustico Panem, Panem, Verona, Italy),

20

28

Normal, 10

Bread, 3h

93

g
36

eaten with 35 g olive oil (Olio Sagra, Lucca, Italy)11, 14


1268 White bread consumed with margarine, eggs and

5813

83

Normal, 12

Glucose, 5h

94

506

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

81

21

11

352

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

66

15

74

10623 Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

95

170

50

37

44

639

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

95

200

52

23

39

557

Normal, 15

Bread, 4h

95

160

52

20

31

456

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

95

230

53

16

234

33

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

237 mL

24

1276 Diasip, diabetes-specific enteral formula8


(Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)

123

17

Normal, 7

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

22

1277 Diason/Nutrison Diabetes, diabetes-specific enteral8


formula (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)

174

24

Normal, 9

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

28

1278 Diben, diabetes-specific enteral formula8


(Fresenius Kabi AG, Germany)

227

31

Normal, 7

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

21

1279 Enercal Plus, made from powder (Wyeth-Ayerst

6113

87

Normal, 12

Glucose, 5h

94

237 mL

40

24

508

71

Normal, 7-10

Bread, 2h

237 mL

40

19

1281 Ensure, vanilla (Abbott Australasia)

483

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

237 mL

32

16

1282 Ensure bar, chocolate fudge brownie

433

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

38

20

515

73

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

1284 Ensure Plus, vanilla (Abbott Australasia)

404

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

237 mL

47

19

1285 Ensure Pudding, old fashioned vanilla

364

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

113

26

258

36

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

26

202

29

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

25

153

21

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

24

1289 Glucerna, vanilla flavor8


(Abbott Nutrition International)

194

27

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

20

1290 Glucerna, vanilla flavor8


(Abbott Nutrition International)

204

29

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

19

1291 Glucerna, vanilla flavor (Ross Nutrition, Canada)

262

37

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

30

1292 Glucerna, vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc., USA)8


mean of four studies

312

44

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

24

243

344

250 mL

23

1293 Glucerna Select, enteral nutritional supplement8


(Abbott Nutrition International)

163

23

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

15

1294 Glucerna SR, diabetes-specific enteral formula

235

33

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

28

253

36

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

483

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

237 mL

36

17

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
14
3

orange juice
1269 White bread (30 g), toasted, served with
baked beans (51 g) (Hovis, UK)
1270 White bread (30 g), toasted, served with cheddar
cheese (36 g) (Hovis, UK)
1271 White Bread (Wonder Bread, Interstate Bakeries)
(140 g), consumed with 30 g raw almonds (Canada)
1272 White Bread (Wonder Bread, Interstate Bakeries)
(140 g), consumed with 60 g raw almonds (Canada)
1273 White bread (Wonder Bread, Interstate Bakeries),
(100 g), consumed with 60 g raw, unblanched almonds
(California Almonds, USA)
1274 White Bread (Wonder Bread, Interstate Bakeries)
(140 g), consumed with 90 g raw almonds (Canada)
NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT PRODUCTS
1275 Choicedm, vanilla (Mead Johnson Nutritionals,
Evansville, USA)

International Inc, Madison, USA)


1280 Ensure, vanilla (Abbott Australasia, Kurnell,
NSW, Australia)

(Abbott Australasia)
1283 Ensure Hospital, nutritional supplement powder,
prepared with water (Abbott Nutrition International)

(Abbott Laboratories Inc, Ashland, USA)


1286 Fortimel enteral formula (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)8
1287 Glucerna Chocolate Graham nutritional
supplement bar (Ross Nutrition, Canada)
1288 Glucerna, diabetes-specific enteral formula
(Abbott Laboratories Inc, USA)
Glucerna enteral nutritional supplement, vanilla

(Abbott Laboratories Inc., USA)


1295 Inslow (Abbott Nutrition International -Japan)8
1296 Jevity (Abbott Australasia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

40
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

596

84

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

1298 Novasource Diabet, diabetes-specific enteral formula8


(Novartis Consumer Health SA, Switzerland)

265

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

31

1299 Nutridrink (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)9


1300 Nutridrink Multifiber, containing 2.3 g fiber/100 mL

25

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

97

250 mL

46

12

22

31

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

97

250 mL

46

10

1301 Nutrison Mutli fiber enteral formula8


(Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)

2810

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

31

1302 Nutrison Standard enteral formula8


(Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)

348

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

31

10

1303 Promote with fiber nutritional supplement

498

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

237 mL

32

16

545

78

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

237 mL

37

20

555

79

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

237 mL

42

23

1306 Resource Diabetic, French vanilla (Novartis

343

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

237 mL

23

Nutrition Corp., Young America, USA)8


1307 Resource Diabetic, Swiss chocolate

164

23

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

29

237mL

41

408

57

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

29

237 mL

41

16

479

67

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

29

237 mL

39

18

547

77

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

29

237 mL

36

19

314

446

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

250 mL

41

13

334

476

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

250 mL

44

15

273

384

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

250

47

13

1314 Tapion nutritonal supplement8 (Abbott Nutrition


International - Japan)

275

39

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250 mL

26

1315 TwoCal HN, high nitrogen nutritional supplement,

555

78

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

237 mL

49

27

40

5516

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

UO4

237 mL

29

12

1317 Cashew nuts, salted (Coles Supermarkets, Australia)8


1318 Cashew nuts (UK)8

225

31

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

13

36

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

UO4
23

50

256

50

12

1319 Cashew nuts, organic, roasted and salted (UK)8


1320 Cashew nut halves (UK)8

2512

36

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

50

12

276

39

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

50

10

1321 Cashew nuts, roasted and salted (UK)8


mean of five foods

279

39

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

50

10

251

361

50

11

1322 Mixed nuts and raisins (UK)

215

30

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

50

16

1323 Mixed nuts, roasted and salted (UK)

2410

34

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

50

17

74

10

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

36

50

1325 Buckwheat noodles (China)

591

85

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

180

42

25

1326 Buckwheat noodles, instant (China)

532

76

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

180

42

22

1327 Corn pasta, gluten-free (Orgran Natural Foods,

687

97

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

46

31

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1297 Jevity HiCal, enteral nutritional supplement

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g
g/serve
250 mL
47
27

(Abbott Nutrition International)

(Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)9

(Ross Nutrition, USA)


1304 Prosure, ready-to-drink supplement, vanilla flavor
(Abbott Nutrition International)
1305 Prosure, ready-to-drink supplement, vanilla flavor
(Abbott Nutrition International)

(Novartis, Auckland, New Zealand)


1308 Resource fruit beverage, peach flavor
(Novartis, New Zealand)
1309 Resource thickened orange juice,
honey consistency (Novartis, New Zealand)
1310 Resource thickened orange juice,
nectar consistency (Novartis, New Zealand)
1311 Sustagen, Dutch Chocolate (Mead Johnson,
Bristol Myers Squibb, Rydalmere, Australia)
1312 Sustagen Hospital with extra fiber, drink made
from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia)
1313 Sustagen Instant Pudding, vanilla, made from
powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia)

vanilla flavor (Abbott Nutrition International)


1316 Ultracal with fiber (Mead Johnson,
Evansville, IN, USA)
NUTS
Cashew nuts

Peanuts
1324 Peanuts, crushed (South Africa)8
PASTA and NOODLES

Carrum Downs, VIC, Australia) (2007)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

41
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

7810

111

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
180

1329 Fettucine, egg (Australia)

324

46

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

98

180

46

15

1330 Fettucine, egg (Mother Earth Fine Foods,

476

67

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

29

180

46

22

619

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

180

48

29

5411

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

180

48

26

5111

73

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

41

180

45

23

558

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

41

180

41

23

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1328 Corn pasta, gluten-free

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
42
32

(Orgran Natural Foods, Australia)


Fettucine, egg

Rowville, Australia)
Fusilli pasta twists
1331 Fusilli pasta twists (Tesco Stores Ltd, UK),
boiled 10 min in salted water (UK)
1332 Fusilli pasta twists, dry pasta, boiled in 10 min
in unsalted water (UK)
1333 Fusilli pasta twists, tricolour, dry pasta,
boiled 10 min in unsalted water (UK)
1334 Fusilli pasta twists, wholewheat, dry pasta, boiled
10 min in unsalted water (UK)
552

793

180

46

25

1335 Gluten-free pasta, maize starch, boiled 8 min (UK)

mean of four studies

54

7718

Normal, 11

Bread, 3h

99

180

42

23

1336 Gnocchi, type NS (Latina, Pillsbury Australia Ltd,

689

97

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

180

48

33

465

66

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

180

23

11

488

69

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h

29

180

26

12

527

74

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

25

13

525

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

22

11

502

71

180

24

12

558

79

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

180

47

26

1342 Lasagne, egg, dry pasta, boiled in unsalted water (UK)

539

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

180

43

23

1343 Lasagne, egg, verdi, dry pasta, boiled in

526

74

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

180

45

23

53

76

180

45

24

1344 Thick, durum wheat, white, fresh (Sweden)

43

6211

Normal, 10

Bread, 1.5h

24

180

48

21

1345 Thick, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w

48

6813

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

100

180

48

23

1346 Thin, durum wheat (Sweden)

49

709

Normal, 10

Bread, 1.5h

24

180

48

23

1347 Thin, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w

61

8713

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

100

180

48

29

1348 Thin, fresh, durum wheat with 39% w/w egg, (Sweden)

45

6411

Normal, 10

Bread, 1.5h

24

180

41

18

1349 Thin, fresh, with 0.6% w/w monoglycerides and

53

7613

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

100

180

41

22

523

745

180

45

23

399

5613

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

77

180

45

18

281

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

49

14

391

56

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

98

180

38

15

616

879

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

77

180

39

23

404

576

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

77

180

39

15

41

5812

Normal, 7

Bread, 1h

73

180

43

18

51

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

180

47

24

Mt. Waverley, Australia)


Instant noodles
1337 Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi
(Nestl, Australia) (1995)
1338 Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi
(Nestl, Auckland, New Zealand)
1339 Instant 'two-minute' noodles, Maggi, all flavors
(Nestl Australia) (2005)
1340 Instant noodles, all flavors (Woolworths Limited,
Australia)
mean of four studies
Lasagne pasta sheets, boiled for 10 min
1341 Lasagne sheets, dry pasta, boiled in unsalted water
(Value, UK)

unsalted water (UK)


mean of three studies
Linguine

monoglycerides, boiled 8 min (Sweden)

monoglycerides, boiled 3 min (Sweden)

30% w/w egg, boiled 3 min (Sweden)


mean of four studies
1350 Mung bean noodles (Longkou beanthread),
dried, boiled (Yantai cereals, China)
1351 Proti pasta, protein-enriched, boiled in water
(Vital Nature Inc, San Antonio, TX, USA)
1352 Ravioli, durum wheat flour, meat filled, boiled (Australia)
Rice noodles/pasta
1353 Rice noodles, dried, boiled (Thai World,
Bangkok, Thailand)
1354 Rice noodles, freshly made, boiled
(Sydney, NSW, Australia)
1355 Rice noodles made from IR42 (high amylose)
rice flour, boiled for 22 min (Philippines)
1356 Rice pasta, gluten-free (Freedom Foods, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

42
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

928

131

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

766

109

Normal, 9

515

73

689

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
38
35

62

g
180

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

49

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

180

49

25

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

220

27

19

41

596

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

101

180

47

19

477

67

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

180

37

17

51

735

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

101

180

48

24

1364 White, durum wheat, boiled 10 min in salt water

58

8316

Normal, 8

Bread, 2.8h

46

180

48

28

(Barilla, Parma, Italy)15


1365 White, durum wheat flour, boiled 12 min

47

6710

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

24

180

48

23

53

7612

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

100

180

48

25

443

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

48

21

41

587

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

63

180

48

19

493

704

180

48

24

587

83

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

62

180

44

26

1370 White (France)

39

556

Normal, 12

Bread, 3h

102

180

46

18

1371 White (Nishin Shokuhin, Japan)

46

66

Normal, 10

38

180

48

22

1372 White (Unico, Canada)

483

68

Normal, 47

Rice13, 2h
Glucose, 2h

34

180

48

23

1373 White (Vetta, Greens Foods, Glendenning, Australia)

497

7010

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

180

44

22

1374 White (Canada)

508

71

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

UO4
33

180

48

24

462

663

180

47

22

1375 Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 11 min

5915

84

Normal, 12

Glucose, 3h

103

180

48

28

1376 Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 16.5 min

6515

93

Normal, 12

Glucose, 3h

103

180

48

31

1377 Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 22 min

4610

66

Normal, 12

Glucose, 3h

103

180

48

22

57

81

180

48

27

1378 Wholemeal (Canada)

424

60

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

180

40

17

1379 President's Choice Blue Menu Whole Wheat

455

65

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

180

40

18

58

83

Normal, 20

Bread, 3h

26

180

50

29

4310

61

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

98

180

44

19

296

41

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

31

1383 Tagliatelle, egg pasta, boiled in water for 7 min (UK)

466

66

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

23

180

44

20

1384 Tagliatelle, egg, boiled (Sainsbury's, UK)

545

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

180

44

24

1385 Udon noodles, plain, reheated 5 min (Fantastic,

628

89

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

180

48

30

Windsor Gardens, SA, Australia)8


1386 Vermicelli, white, boiled, Vetta (Australia)

357

50

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

98

180

44

16

1387 Wheat noodle, dried (China)

462

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

180

42

19

1388 Wheat noodle, fresh (China)

827

117

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

180

42

34

1357 Rice pasta, brown, boiled 16 min


(Rice Grower's Co-op, Australia)
1358 Rice and maize pasta, gluten-free, Ris'O'Mais
(Orgran Foods, Australia)
Spaghetti
1359 Spaghetti, gluten-free, rice and Hi-Maize
(high-amlyose) flour (Freedom Foods, Australia)
1360 Spaghetti, gluten-free, rice and split pea,
canned in tomato sauce
1361 Spaghetti, 75% durum wheat flour and 25% chickpea
flour boiled 10 min (Rio Dulce SA, Guadalajara, Spain)
1362 Spaghetti, soy (Revival Soy, Physicians
Pharmaceuticals, Inc, USA)8
Spaghetti, white or type NS, boiled 10-15 min
1363 White, boiled for 10 min (Rio Dulce SA,
Guadalajara, Spain)

(Starhushlls, Kungsrnen AB, Jrna, Sweden)


1366 White, durum wheat flour, 0.6% w/w monoglycerides,
boiled 12 min (Sweden)
1367 White, boiled 15 min in salted water
(Unico, Concord, ON, Canada)
1368 100% durum semolina spaghetti, boiled 15 min
(Unico, Canada)
mean of six studies
Spaghetti, white or type NS, boiled 20 min
1369 White, durum wheat, boiled 20 min (Australia)
Spaghetti, white, boiled

mean of five studies


Spaghetti, white, durum wheat semolina
(Panzani, Marseilles, France)

mean of three cooking times


Spaghetti, wholemeal, boiled

spaghetti (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


1380 Wholemeal pasta, dark durum wheat, boiled 10 min in
salted water (Melia Ltd, Raisio, Finland)
1381 Spirali, durum wheat, white, boiled to al dent texture
(Vetta, Australia)
1382 Split pea and soya pasta shells, gluten-free
(Orgran Foods, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

43
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

SNACK FOODS AND CONFECTIONERY


1389 Brownies, containing coconut flour (Philippines)

42

605

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

1390 Chick Pea chips (Freedom Foods, Australia)

447

63

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

50

27

UO6
2

50

18

1391 Chocolate crinkles, containing coconut flour

43

615

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

1392 Chocolate, dark, Dove (M&M/Mars, USA)

233

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

1393 Chocolate, dark with raisins, peanuts and jam

445

63

Normal, 20

345

49

496

70

458

11
8

50

23

10

UO4
39

50

26

Glucose, 2h

50

27

12

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

104

50

22

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

50

30

14

64

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

50

30

13

428

60

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

31

13

433

614

50

28

12

1398 Chocolate candy, sugar free, Dove

233

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

15

(M&M/Mars, USA)8
1399 Chocolate, white, Milky Bar (Nestl, Australia)

446

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

29

13

1400 Cocoavia Chocolate Covered Almonds

213

30

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

10

(M&M/Mars, USA)8
1401 Combos Snacks Cheddar Cheese Crackers

546

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

32

17

526

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

18

424

605

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

50

25

11

72

103

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

60

50

25

18

1405 Flaxseed Tortilla chips, Sea Salt


1406 Flaxseed Tortilla chips, Spicy
1407 Japanese Tamari Rice & Corn Crisps

456
345
916

65
49
131

Normal, 10
Normal, 10
Normal, 10

Bread, 2h
Bread, 2h
Bread, 2h

UO5
UO5
UO5

50
50
50

20
20
38

9
7
35

1408 Japanese Wasabi & Honey Rice & Corn Crisps

827

117

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

39

32

1409 Thai Curry Rice & Corn Crisps


1410 Fruit and nut mix (Finest, UK)

846
153

120
21

Normal, 10
Normal, 10

Bread, 2h
Glucose, 2h

UO5
23

50
50

39
24

33
4

9013

129

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO6

40

30

27

1412 Apricot and Almond bar (UK)

346

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

30

15

1413 Apricot filled fruit bar (pureed dried apricot filling

508

71

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

29

50

34

17

405

57

Normal, 16

Glucose, 2h

UO6

50

25

10

514

73

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h

UO6

50

26

13

464

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

50

17

355

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

708

101

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

40

30

21

343

49

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

40

21

(Philippines)
Chocolate, dark

(Czech Republic)
Chocolate, milk, plain
1394 Chocolate, milk, plain with sucrose (Belgium)8
1395 Chocolate, milk (Cadbury's Confectionery,
Ringwood, Australia)
1396 Chocolate, milk, Dove (Mars Confectionery,
Ballarat, Australia)
1397 Chocolate, milk (Nestl, Sydney, NSW, Australia)
mean of four studies
Chocolate, milk, artificially sweetened

(M&M/Mars, USA)
1402 Combos Snacks Cheddar Cheese Pretzels
(M&M/Mars, USA)
Corn chips
1403 Corn chips, plain, salted (Doritos original,
Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia) (1998)
1404 Corn chips, plain, salted (Doritos original,
Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia) (1985)
Chips or Crisps, made from flaxseed, corn or rice
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

Fruit Bars
1411 Apple Fruit Bar, fat-free, President's Choice Blue
Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

in wholemeal pastry) (Mother Earth, New Zealand)


1414 Apricot & Yoghurt Healtheries Simple Bar, wheat
and gluten-free (Aussie Bodies Pty. Ltd., Australia)
1415 Berry & Yoghurt Healtheries Simple Bar, wheat
and gluten free (Aussie Bodies Pty. Ltd., Australia)
1416 Berrylicious Trim Bar
(Aussie Bodies Pty. Ltd., Australia)
1417 Blackberry Sour Buzz dried fruit leather, Sunripe
School Straps (Windsor Farm Foods, Australia)
1418 Fig Fruit bar, President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1419 Fruit & Yogurt Apple Cinnamon Chewy Bars (Soy),
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

44
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

332

47

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

g
40

1421 Heinz Kidz Fruit Fingers, banana (HJ Heinz, Australia)

6111

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

12

1422 Raspberry Fruit bar, fat-free, President's Choice

7411

106

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

40

31

23

1423 Real Fruit Bars, strawberry (Uncle Toby's, Australia)

9012

129

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

26

23

1424 Roll-Ups, processed fruit snack

9912

14218 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

25

24

294

42

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

24

40

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

20

375

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

27

10

394

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

27

11

447

63

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

100

18

556

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

110

28

15

536

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

120

19

10

1432 Jelly beans, assorted colors (Allen's, Nestl, Australia)

808

114

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

30

28

22

1433 Jelly beans, assorted colors (Savings,

766

109

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

UO4

30

28

21

524

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

18

628

89

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

50

32

20

1436 Kudos Milk Chocolate Granola bars,

456

64

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

30

14

Peanut Butter flavor (M&M/Mars, USA)


1437 Licorice, soft (Coles Supermarkets, Australia)

7811

111

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

21

16

706

100

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

UO4
1

30

1438 Life Savers, peppermint candy (Nestl, Australia)

30

30

21

1439 M & M's, peanut (Mars Confectionery, Australia)

333

47

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

30

17

1440 Mars Bar (Mars Confectionery, Australia)

628

89

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

60

40

25

1441 Mars Bar (M&M/Mars, USA)


1442 Marshmallows (Candy Lane, Australia)

6812

97

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

60

40

27

626

89

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

24

15

1443 Milky Way bar (M&M/Mars, USA)

628

89

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

UO4

60

42

26

1444 Milky Way Lite bar (M&M/Mars, USA)

455

64

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

45

34

15

1445 Muesli bar, crunchy, containing dried apricot

617

87

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

UO4
1

30

21

13

32

46

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

105

30

12

334

47

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

20

12

304

43

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

20

12

254

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

20

11

29

42

20

12

705

100

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4

20

12

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1420 Fruit & Yogurt Cranberry Blueberry Bars (Soy),

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
21
7

President's Choice Blue Menu


(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

(Uncle Toby's, Australia)


1425 Strawberry fruit leather (Stretch Island Fruit
Company, Washington, USA)
1426 Strawberry & Wildberry dried fruit leather, Sunripe
school straps (Windsor Farm Foods, Australia)
Gelato
1427 Gelati, sucrose-free frozen dessert, chocolate flavor
(Alba Foods, Newtown, Australia)
1428 Gelati, sucrose-free frozen dessert, vanilla flavor
(Alba Foods, Newtown, Australia)
Ice cream and cone
1429 Chocollo, low-fat chocolate flavored ice
cream eaten with a plain cone
(Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd, Australia)
1430 Chocollo, low-fat chocolate flavored
ice cream eaten with a waffle cone
(Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd, Australia)
1431 Jelly, made from commercial jelly crystals,
Raspberry Razzle flavor
(Aeroplane Jelly Company, West Ryde, Australia)
Jelly beans

Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Australia)


1434 Kudos Milk Chocolate Granola bar with M&M's Milk
Chocolate Mini Baking Bits (M&M/Mars, USA)
1435 Kudos Whole-Grain bars, chocolate chip
(M&M/Mars, Hackettstown, USA)

Mars Bar

(Uncle Toby's, Australia)


1446 Nougat, Jijona (La Fama, Spain)9
1447 Nutella, chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero
Australia, Milson's Point, NSW, Australia) (1997)
1448 Nutella, chocolate hazelnut spread
(Ferrero Australia, Australia) (2003)
1449 Nutella, chocolate hazelnut spread
(Ferrero Australia, Australia) (2007)
mean of three studies
1450 Pirate's Booty, aged white cheddar extruded snack,
made from corn and rice (Robert's American Gourmet,
Sea Cliff, NY, USA)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

45
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Popcorn
1451 Microwave Popping Corn, butter flavor, President's

728

103

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

20

12

588

83

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

20

12

1453 Popcorn (China)

551

78

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

20

10

1454 Popcorn, plain, cooked in microwave oven

557

79

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

20

11

628

89

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

20

10

678

96

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

20

11

89

127

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

UO4

20

11

10

655

947

20

11

702

100

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

35

24

1459 Potato crisps, plain, salted (Canada)

517

73

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

33

50

24

12

1460 Potato crisps, plain, salted (Arnott's, Australia)

57

81

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

60

50

18

10

1461 Potato crisps (China)

602

86

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

50

20

12

56

80

50

21

12

668

94

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

38

25

839

119

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

13

30

20

16

846

120

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

24

20

1465 Puffed rice squares (Czech Republic)

775

110

Normal, 20

Glucose, 2h

39

30

25

19

1466 Skittles (Mars Confectionery, Australia)

705

100

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

50

45

32

786

112

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

26

20

16

585

82

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

26

20

12

353

50

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h

UO6

50

27

10

1470 Chocolate Raspberry Zing bar (Revival Soy,

475

68

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

50

Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc., USA)7


1471 Cocoavia Chocolate Almond Snack bar

637

90

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

27

17

1472 Cocoavia Cripsy Chocolate Bar (M&M/Mars, USA)

335

47

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

25

1473 ExtendBar Apple Cinnamon Delight Bar

337

47

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

14

416

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

17

1475 ExtendBar Peanut Delight Bar (ExtendBar, USA)

325

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

17

46
275

655
39

Normal, 10
Normal, 10

Bread, 2h
Glucose, 2h

UO4
2

50

1476 Granola bar, containing coconut flour (Philippines)


1477 Munch Peanut Butter bar (M&M/Mars, USA)

50
50

20
19

9
5

1478 Oat bar, made from oat flour and bran starch (Canada)9
1479 Peanut Butter Chocolate Pal bar (Revival Soy,

59

85

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

524

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

726

103

Normal, 10

6413

91

Normal, 10

Choice Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


1452 Microwave Popping Corn, natural flavor, President's
Choice Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)

(Green's Foods, Glendenning, NSW, Australia)


1455 Poppin Microwave Popcorn, butter flavor
(Green's Foods, Australia)8
1456 Poppin Lite Microwave Popcorn, butter flavor,
8

50% reduced fat (Green's Foods, Australia)


1457 Popcorn, plain, cooked in microwave oven
(Uncle Toby's, Australia)
mean of seven studies

1458 Pop Tarts, double choc (Kellogg's, Australia)


Potato crisps

mean of three studies


1462 President's Choice Blue Menu Original and
Tomato Basil Vegetable Sticks
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
Pretzels
1463 Pretzels, oven-baked, traditional wheat flavor
(Parker's, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia)
1464 Pretzels, oven-baked, traditional wheat flavor, 97%
fat free (Parker's, Smith's Snack Food Co., Australia)

Snack bars
1467 Chewy Chocolate Chip & Marshmallow Granola Bar,
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1468 Chewy Cranberry Apple Granola Bar,
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1469 Chocolate Healtheries Simple bar, wheat and gluten
free (Aussie Bodies Pty. Ltd., Australia)

(M&M/Mars, USA)

(ExtendBar, USA)
1474 ExtendBar Chocolate Delight Bar
(ExtendBar, USA)

Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc., USA)8


1480 60% Whole Wheat Fig Fruit bar, President's

UO4
106

50

24

14

50

26

13

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

36

26

Glucose, 2h

107

50

33

21

Choice Blue Menu


(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1481 Slimfast Meal Options bar, rich chocolate brownie
(SlimFast Foods Co, West Palm Beach, USA)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

46
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

408

5711

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

g
50

376

539

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO4

50

27

10

313

44

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

50

14

253

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO6

50

12

1486 Snickers Bar (Mars Confectionery, Australia)

415

59

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

60

36

15

1487 Snickers Bar (M&M/Mars, USA)

434

61

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

60

35

15

1488 Snickers Bar (M&M/Mars, USA)9


mean of three studies

68

97

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

UO4
108

60

34

23

51

72

60

35

18

1489 Apple Soy Joy Bar

192

27

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

12

1490 Apricot Soy Joy Bar

274

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

12

1491 Chocolate Orange Soy Joy Bar

417

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

12

1492 Mango Coconut Soy Joy Bar

282

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

11

1493 Plum + Fe Soy Joy Bar

253

36

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

12

1494 Plum + Folic acid Soy Joy Bar

272

39

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

12

1495 Raisin Almond Soy Joy Bar

284

40

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

12

1496 Sanzashi Soy Joy Bar

295

41

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

30

14

1497 Strawberry Soy Joy Bar

332

40

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

30

13

1498 Sunshine soy protein chips, lightly salted8


(Revival Soy,Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc., USA)

878

124

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
6

50

26

23

1499 Tropical fruit and nut mix (Finest, UK)

497

70

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

50

28

14

1500 Twisties, cheese-flavored, extruded snack,

745

106

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

29

22

1501 Twix Cookie Bar, caramel (M&M/Mars, USA)

446

63

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

22

60

39

17

1502 Yummiees lollies (Allseps Pty. Ltd., Australia)

433

61

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

UO6

15

576

82

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

65

38

22

536

76

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

65

42

22

1505 Power Bar, chocolate

585

837

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

22

65

42

24

1506 Power Bar, chocolate9


1507 Ironman PR bar, chocolate (PR Nutrition,

53

75

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

108

65

42

22

39

55

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

108

65

26

10

1508 SmartZone Chocolate flavor

114

16

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

107

50

18

1509 SmartZone Chocolate flavor

163

23

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

21

1510 SmartZone Crunchy Blueberry flavor

153

21

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

20

1511 SmartZone Crunchy Chocolate Brownie flavor

235

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

18

1512 SmartZone Crunchy Chocolate Caramel flavor

164

23

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

21

1513 SmartZone Crunchy Chocolate Peanut Butter flavor

143

20

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

18

1514 SmartZone Crunchy Key Lime flavor

143

20

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

20

1515 SmartZone Peanut Butter flavor

182

26

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

18

1516 Chewy Chocolate Peanut flavor

365

51

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

24

1517 Cookies & Crme flavor

504

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

27

14

1518 Multi Grain Crunch flavor

504

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

28

14

1519 Peanut Butter flavor

345

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

24

204

29

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

10

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1482 Snack bar, Apple Cinnamon (Con Agra Inc.,

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
29
12

Omaha, NE, USA)


1483 Snack bar, Peanut Butter and Choc-Chip
(Con Agra Inc., USA)
1484 Trim bar, Chocorama
(Aussie Bodies Pty. Ltd., Australia)
1485 Trim Bar, Mocha flavor (Aussie Bodies
Pty. Ltd., Australia)
Snickers Bar

Soy Joy Fruit & Soy Bar (Otsuka Pharmaceutical


Co Ltd, Tokyo, Japan)

rice and corn (Smith's Snackfood Co., Australia)

SPORTS (ENERGY) BARS


1503 Clif bar, Chocolate Brownie Energy bar
(Clif Bar Inc., Berkeley, USA)
1504 Performance Chocolate Energy bar (Power Bar, USA)
Power Bar (Powerfood Inc., Berkeley, USA)

San Diego, CA, USA)9


SmartZone Nutrition Bar (Hershey's Food
Corporation, Hershey, PA, USA)

Snickers Marathon Energy Bar


(M&M/Mars, USA)

Snickers Marathon Low Carb Lifestyle


Energy Bar (M&M/Mars, USA)
1520 Chocolate Fudge Brownie flavor

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

47
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

214

30

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
50

1522 Dark Chocolate Crunch flavor

496

70

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

10

1523 Honey & Roasted Almond flavor

413

59

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

11

1524 Caramel Nut Rush flavor

263

37

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

21

1525 Chocolate Nut Burst flavor

324

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

50

18

1526 SoLo GI Berry Bliss Nutrition bar

295

41

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

22

1527 SoLo GI Chocolate Charger Nutrition bar

282

40

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

22

1528 SoLo GI Lemon Lift Nutrition bar

295

41

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

22

1529 SoLo GI Mint Mania Nutrition bar

233

33

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

22

1530 SoLo GI Peanut Power Nutrition bar

274

39

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

50

20

1531 SoLo GI Berry Bliss Snack bar

295

41

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

11

1532 SoLo GI Chocolate Charger Snack bar

282

40

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

10

1533 SoLo GI Lemon Lift Snack bar

295

41

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

11

1534 SoLo GI Mint Mania Snack bar

233

33

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

10

1535 SoLo GI Peanut Power Snack bar

274

39

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

25

10

1536 VO2 Max Chocolate Energy bar (M&M/Mars, USA)

498

70

Normal, 10-12

Bread, 2h

65

45

22

1537 ZonePerfect Nutrition bar, Double Chocolate flavor

447

62

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
107

50

19

413

59

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

28

11

354

50

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

13

466

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

250

18

6914

99

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

250

19

13

433

61

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

11

202

29

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

27

627

88

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

20

12

579

82

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

19

11

486

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

38

18

1547 Minestrone, Traditional, Country Ladle

393

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

18

(Campbell's Soups, Australia)8


1548 Minestrone & Pasta Instant soup, low-fat,

543

77

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

41

22

47

67

250

32

15

4510

65

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

528

75

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

19

10

767

108

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

18

14

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1521 Peanut Butter flavor

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
10
2

Snickers Marathon Nutrition Bar


(M&M/Mars, USA)

Snickers Marathon Protein Performance Bar


(M&M/Mars, USA)

SoLo GI Nutrition Bar (New Era Nutrition Inc,


Alberta, Canada)

SoLo GI Snack Bar (New Era Nutrition Inc,


Alberta, Canada)

(Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, USA)


SOUPS
1538 Barley Vegetable Instant soup, low-fat,
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1539 Carrot soup, President's Choice Blue Menu
Soupreme (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1540 Chicken and mushroom soup (UK)24
1541 Chicken and mushroom soup (UK)24
1542 Chicken & Vegetable with wholegrain pasta, Country
8

Ladle (Campbell's Soups, Homebush, NSW, Australia)


1543 Garden vegetable soup with peppers and croutons,
SlimFast (SlimFast Foods Ltd, Slough, Berks, UK)
1544 Indian Lentil Instant soup, low-fat,
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1545 Lentil, ready-to-serve, President's Choice Blue
Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
Minestrone
1546 Minestrone, condensed, prepared with water
(Campbell's Soup Company, Camden, NJ, USA)

President's Choice Blue Menu


(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
mean of three studies
1549 Mushroom Barley, ready-to-serve, President's Choice
Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1550 Pasta & Fagioli soup, ready-to-serve, President's
Choice Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1551 Pumpkin Soup, creamy, Heinz Very Special, with
pumpkin, cream, potatoes (Heinz Wattie's Ltd, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

48
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

575

81

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

g
250

465

65

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

27

12

564

81

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

31

17

524

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

250

28

15

475

67

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

14

6012

86

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

250

18

11

574

82

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

33

19

364

51

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

29

10

414

59

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

UO5

250

13

1561 Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 90% fructose

111

161

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

UO4

10

(Western Commerce Corp., City of Industry, CA, USA)8


1562 Organic Agave Cactus Nectar, light, 97% fructose

101

141

Normal, 9

Bread, 2h

UO4

10

194

27

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

10

13

19

10

1564 25 g portion (Sweeten Less, Maximum Nutrition Inc.,

11

165

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

109

10

10

Toronto, Canada)8
1565 50 g portion (Sweeten Less, Canada)

12

166

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

109

10

10

1566 50 g portion (China)

231

33

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

10

10

15

22

10

10

1567 50 g portion (dextrose)

96

137

Bread, 3h

65

10

10

10

1568 50 g portion (Bio-Health, Dawson Traders Ltd.,

96

13722 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

109

10

10

10

1569 50 g portion (Canada)

100

143

Normal, 35

Glucose, 2h

33

10

10

10

1570 50 g portion (Glucodin glucose tablets, Boots,

1029

146

Normal, 7

Bread, 2h

10

10

10

1571 25 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada)8


1572 50 g portion (dextrose)

103

14718 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

109

10

10

10

111

158

Normal, 6

Wheat, 2h

66

10

10

11

1573 100 g portion (Bio-Health, Canada)15


mean of seven studies
Glucose consumed with American ginseng
(Panax quinquefolius L. )

114

16328 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

109

10

10

11

1033

1474

10

10

10

1574 25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min before

76

109

Normal, 10

Glucose, 1.5h

110

10

10

793

113

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

10

1576 50 g Glucose + 14.5 g guar gum

62

88

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

111

10

10

1577 50 g Glucose + 14.5 g oat gum (78% oat -glucan)

57

82

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

111

10

10

1578 100 g Glucose + 20 g acacia gum15, 28


1579 75 g Glucose + 4.24 g salt (Nigeria)11, 14

85

121

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2.5h

112

10

10

86

123

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

87

10

10

1580 Golden Syrup (Australia)

636

90

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

21

13

354

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

18

444

63

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

21

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1552 Spicy Black Bean Instant soup, low-fat, President's

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
31
18

Choice Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)


1553 Spicy Black Bean with Vegetables soup,
President's Choice Blue Menu
(Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1554 Spicy Thai Instant soup, low-fat, President's Choice
Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1555 Tomato soup, condensed, prepared with water
(Campbell's Soup Company, Camden, NJ, USA)
1556 Tomato & Herb, President's Choice Blue Menu
Soupreme (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1557 Vegetable soup (UK)24
1558 Vegetable Couscous Instant soup, low-fat, President's
Choice Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1559 Vegetarian Chili Instant soup, low-fat, President's
Choice Blue Menu (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
1560 Winter Squash, President's Choice Blue Menu
Soupreme (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada)
SUGARS AND SYRUPS
Blue Agave cactus nectar, high-fructose

(Western Commerce Corp., USA)


1563 Premium Agave nectar (Sweet Cactus Farms, USA)
mean of three studies
Fructose

mean of three studies


Glucose

Normal, 16

Toronto, Canada)

North Ryde, NSW, Australia)

3 g dried ginseng8, 27
Glucose consumed with gum/fiber
1575 46 g Glucose + 15 g apple and orange fiber extract
(FITA, Chatswood, NSW, Australia)
(total carbohydrate content of drink = 50 g)

Honey
1581 Yellow box (46% fructose) (Australia)8
1582 Stringy Bark (52% fructose) (Australia)8

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

49
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

1583 Red Gum (35% fructose) (Australia)8


1584 Iron Bark (34% fructose) (Australia)8

463

66

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

g
25

483

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

15

1585 Capilano Premium Honey, blend of eucalypt & floral


honeys (Capilano Honey Limited, QLD, Australia)

513

74

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

21

11

1586 Yapunya (42 % fructose) (Australia)8


1587 Pure (Capilano Honey Ltd., Richlands, Qld, Australia)
1588 Leabrook Farms Yellow box honey
(Spring Gully Foods Pty Ltd, SA, Australia)

525

74

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

17

586
604

83
86

Normal, 8
Normal, 11

Bread, 2h
Glucose, 2h

UO4
UO4

25
25

21
21

12
13

1589 Commercial Blend (38% fructose) (WA blend,

623

89

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

18

11

645

91

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

15

10

99

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

UO4
113

25

698

25

21

15

726

103

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

13

736

105

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

113

25

21

16

747

105

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

113

25

22

16

744

105

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

25

21

16

748

106

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

113

25

21

16

878

124

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

25

21

18

613

885

25

19

12

1598 50 g portion (China)

461

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

10

10

1599 25 g portion (BDH, Poole, UK)8


Maltose

48

688

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

78

10

10

1600 50 g portion (Canada)

10512

150

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

10

10

11

1601 50 g portion (China)

1052

150

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

10

10

11

1602 Maple flavored syrup (Cottee's Foods, Australia)

685

97

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

22

15

1603 Maple syrup, pure Canadian (Queen Foods, Australia)

546

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

25

18

10

1604 50 g portion (Redpath Sugars, Toronto, Canada)

58

8315

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

109

10

10

1605 50 g portion (Japan)

60

86

Normal, 16

Glucose, 2h

114

10

10

1606 25 g portion (Redpath Sugars, Canada)8


1607 50 g portion (South Africa)

60

869

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

109

10

10

659

93

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

36

10

10

1608 100 g portion (Redpath Sugars, Canada)15


1609 50 g portion (China)

65

9414

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

109

10

10

844

120

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

10

10

654

946

10

10

639

90

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

80

1611 Pea, frozen, boiled (Canada)8


1612 Pea, green (Pisum Sativum ) (India)14
Pumpkin

516

73

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

80

5414

77

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

80

1613 Butternut pumpkin, boiled (Australia)8


1614 Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata ), peeled, cubed,

516

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4
81

80

664

80

18

12

759

107

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

36

80

64

91

80

1616 Sweet corn, 'Honey & Pearl' variety (New Zealand)

3712

53

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

29

80

16

1617 Sweet corn on the cob, boiled 20 min

48

69

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

60

80

16

1618 Sweet corn (China)

552

79

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

80

16

1619 Sweet corn, boiled (USA)

60

86

Normal, 16

Bread, 3h

65

80

18

11

1620 Sweet corn (South Africa)


mean of five studies

625
525

89
757

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

36

80
80

18
17

11
9

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
18
8

Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia)

1590 Salvation Jane (32% fructose) (Australia)8


1591 Clover honey, ratio of fructose: glucose, 1.09
(Vazza Farms, Hermiston, OR, USA)
1592 Commercial Blend (28% fructose) (NSW blend,
Capilano Honey Ltd., Australia)8
1593 Buckwheat honey, ratio of fructose:glucose, 1.12
(Vazza Farms, USA)
1594 Cotton honey, ratio of fructose:glucose, 1.03
(Gene Brandi Apiaries, Los Banos, CA, USA)
1595 Honey, NS type (China)
1596 Tupelo honey, ratio of fructose:glucose, 1.54
(Tropical Blossom Honey Co, Edgewater, FL, USA)
1597 Honey, NS (Canada)8
mean of seventeen types of honey
Lactose

Sucrose

mean of six studies


VEGETABLES
1610 Broad beans, frozen, reheated in microwave
(Logan Farm Pty Ltd, Australia)8
Green peas

boiled 30 min (Jamaica)


1615 Pumpkin, boiled in salted water (South Africa)
mean of three studies
Sweet corn

(Sydney, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

50
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Root vegetables
Carrots
1621 Carrots, raw, diced (Australia)

355

50

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

51

80

1622 Carrots, raw, ground (Australia)

391

56

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

51

80

1623 Carrots, peeled, boiled (Sydney, NSW, Australia)8


1624 Carrots, peeled, diced boiled (Sydney, NSW, Australia)8

335

47

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

80

492

70

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

UO4
51

80

394

565

80

9411

13316 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

120

38

36

1626 Parsnips, peeled, boiled (Australia)8


Potato
Baked potato

525

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

80

1627 Potato, white with skin, baked (UK)

695

99

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

150

27

19

1628 Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum), peeled,

836

119

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

30

25

1629 Pontiac, peeled and baked (Australia)

9311

13315 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

116

150

18

17

1630 Potato, white without skin, baked (UK)

988

140

Glucose, 2h

14

150

27

26

866

1239

150

26

22

111

158

Normal, 16

Bread, 3h

65

150

30

33

1632 Asterix, peeled, boiled 30 min (Sweden)

78

11114 Normal, 14

Bread, 2h

117

150

26

20

1633 Asterix, peeled, boiled 30 min, served with 15.4 g

92

13115 Normal, 14

Bread, 2h

117

150

26

24

1634 Charlotte, peeled, quartered, boiled 15 min (UK)

665

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

118

150

23

15

1635 Charlotte, boiled (UK)


1636 Desiree, peeled, boiled 35 min (Australia)
1637 Estima, peeled, quartered, boiled 15 min (UK)

8111
10115
665

116
Normal, 10
14422 Normal, 10
94
Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h
Bread, 2h
Glucose, 2h

14
116
118

150
150
150

23
17
26

19
17
17

1638 Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum), peeled, cubed,

594

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

32

19

7510

107

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

118

150

28

21

563

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

118

150

32

18

854

122

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

118

150

29

25

1642 Nicola potato, peeled, quartered, boiled 15 min (UK)

597

84

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

118

150

16

1643 Nicola potato, unpeeled, boiled whole for 15 min

583

83

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

16

(Australia)
1644 Pontiac, peeled, boiled whole for 30 min (Australia)
1645 Pontiac, peeled, boiled 35 min (Australia)
1646 Sava, peeled, boiled 21-30 min (Sweden)

56
889
118

80
Normal, 6
12513 Normal, 10
16831 Normal, 13

Glucose, 2h
Bread, 2h
Bread, 2h

60
116
119

150
150
150

26
18
20

14
16
24

1647 Sebago, peeled, boiled 35 min (Australia)

877

12410 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

116

150

17

14

1648 Type NS, boiled (China)

661

95

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

19

13

1649 Type NS, boiled in salted water (India)

76

108

Normal, 9

Bread, 3h

67

150

34

26

1650 Red potatoes, boiled with skin on in salted water

897

12610 Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

120

150

21

19

9610

137

Glucose, 2h

14

150

26

24

827

1179

150

25

21

88

12517 Normal, 13

Bread, 2h

120

150

20

18

67

9615

Normal, 13

Bread, 2h

119

150

20

13

23

33

Normal, 9

Bread, 3h

67

150

34

565

797

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

120

150

21

12

mean of four studies


1625 Cassava (Manihot esculenta ), peeled, boiled 30 min,
frozen, thawed and reheated for 1 min

baked 45 min (Jamaica)

mean of four foods

Normal, 10

Baked, Russet Burbank potatoes


1631 Russet, baked without fat (USA)
Boiled potato

sunflower oil (Ica Handlarna, Solna, Sweden)

boiled 30 min (Jamaica)


1639 King Edward potato, peeled, quartered,
boiled 15 min in unsalted water (UK)
1640 Marfona potato, peeled, quartered, boiled 15 min
in unsalted water (UK)
1641 Maris Piper potato, peeled, quartered, boiled 15 min
in unsalted water (UK)

Boiled/cooked, white/Type NS

for 12 min (Canada)


1651 Potato, white, boiled (UK)
mean of four studies
Boiled potato cooked then cooled
1652 Sava, peeled, boiled 21-30 min, refrigerated 24 h,

Normal, 10

consumed cold (Sweden)


1653 Sava, peeled, boiled 21-30 min, refrigerated 24 h,
consumed cold with white vinegar (28 g)
and olive oil (8 g) (Sweden)
1654 Type NS, boiled in salted water, refrigerated,
reheated (India)
1655 Potato, red, cubed, boiled in salted water 12 min,
stored overnight in refrigerator, consumed cold
(Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

51
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Canned potatoes
1656 New, canned, heated in microwave 3 min (Mint Tiny

659

9313

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

116

150

18

12

1657 French fries (Ica Handlarna, Solna, Sweden),

54

7710

Normal, 14

Bread, 2h

117

150

29

16

baked at 250oC for 9 min


1658 French Fries, baked 15 min (OreIda Golden Fries,

646

907

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

120

150

32

21

706

100

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

30

21

1660 Instant (Idahoan Foods, Lewisville, ID, USA)

797

113

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

27

150

20

16

1661 Instant (Canada)

8013

114

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

33

150

20

16

1662 Instant (Edgell's Potato Whip, Edgell's, Australia)

86

123

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

60

150

20

17

1663 Instant (Idahoan Foods, Lewisville, ID, USA)

888

12411 Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

120

150

20

18

1664 Instant (Idahoan Foods, Lewisville, ID, USA),

924

131

Normal, 47

Glucose, 2h

34

150

20

18

976

139

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

20

19

873

1244

150

20

17

7110

102

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

121

150

24

17

7410

106

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

121

150

24

18

688

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

121

150

24

17

1669 Type NS (South Africa)

7110

101

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

36

150

20

14

1670 Type NS (China)

733

104

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

20

15

1671 Type NS (France)

83

11812 Normal, 12

102

150

20

17

76

108

150

20

15

1672 Desiree potato, mashed (UK)

10213

146

1673 Pontiac, peeled, cubed, boiled 15 min, mashed

919

1674 Estima, microwaved 6 min then baked 10 min (UK)


1675 Pontiac, peeled and microwave on high

Taters, Edgell's brand, Cheltenham, Australia)


French Fries

H.J. Heinz Co, Pittsburgh, PA, USA)


1659 Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum), peeled, fried in
vegetable oil (Jamaica)
Instant Mashed potato

prepared with water


1665 Instant (Idahoan Foods, Lewisville, ID, USA)
mean of six studies
Instant mashed potato consumed with added fat
1666 Mashed potato, instant (Farmland, Australia)
consumed with 30 g Sunola oil (80% MUFA oil)
1667 Mashed potato, instant (Farmland, Australia)
consumed with 36.5 g butter (69% saturated fat)
1668 Mashed potato, instant (Farmland, Australia)
consumed with 30 g sunflower oil (64% PUFA oil)
Mashed potato

mean of three studies

Normal, 10

Bread, 3h
Glucose, 2h

14

150

26

26

13013 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

116

150

20

18

938

133

Glucose, 2h

41

150

26

24

799

11213 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

116

150

18

14

735

1036

Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

120

150

20

15

779

10812 Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

120

150

25

19

1678 New (Canada)

708

100

Glucose, 2h

33

150

21

12

1679 New, unpeeled and boiled 20 min (Australia)

7812

11217 Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

116

150

21

16

1680 New potato, boiled (UK)

8015

114

Glucose, 2h

14

150

23

18

76

109

150

22

16

1681 Potato, NS type, steamed (China)

622

89

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

19

12

1682 Potato (Solanum Tuberosum), peeled, steamed 1 h

6511

93

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

150

27

18

728

10212 Normal, 12

Bread, 2h

120

150

20

14

1684 Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), boiled (Australia)

44

63

Normal, 7

150

25

11

465

66

Normal, 10

Potato26, 3h
Glucose, 2h

82

1685 Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), peeled, cubed,

81

150

32

15

616

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

18

11

7712

110

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

29

150

25

19

(Australia)
Microwaved potato
Normal, 10

for 6-7.5 min (Australia)


1676 Prince Edward Island white potato, cooked in
microwave for 18 min (Canada)
1677 Russet Burbank potato, unpeeled, cooked in
microwave for 18 min (Canada)
New Potato

mean of three studies

Normal, 8
Normal, 10

Steamed potato

(India)14
1683 California white potatoes, cubed,
roasted in soybean oil (Canada)
Sweet potato, cooked

boiled 30 min (Jamaica)


1686 Sweet potato, orange flesh, peeled, cut into pieces,
boiled for 8 min (Australia) (2006)
1687 Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

52
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

948

134

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

g
150

767

109

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

45

34

825

117

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

45

37

1691 Sweet potato, orange (China)

774

110

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

150

21

16

1692 Sweet potato, purple skin white flesh, peeled,

755

107

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

UO4

150

29

22

706

1008

150

32

22

1693 Tapioca (Manihot Utilissima), steamed 1 h (India)14


Taro

7010

100

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

250

18

12

1694 Taro (China)

485

68

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

150

1695 Taro (Colocasia esculenta) peeled, boiled (Australia)

54

77

Normal, 7

82

150

1696 Taro, peeled, boiled (New Zealand)

5612

80

Normal, 9

Potato26, 3h
Glucose, 2h

29

150

53

75

150

1697 Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand)

355

50

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

29

150

36

13

1698 Yam (China)

542

77

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

36

19

1699 Yam, steamed (China)

514

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

150

36

18

1700 Yam (Dioscorea spp.), boiled (Nigeria)11, 14


mean of four studies

74

106

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

87

150

38

28

548

7711

150

37

20

1701 Yam (Dioscorea spp.), boiled, consumed with

74

106

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

87

150

38

28

4.24 g salt (Nigeria)11, 14


1702 Coco yam (Xanthosoma spp.), peeled, cubed,

615

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

46

28

1703 Lucea Yam, peeled, cubed, boiled 30 (Jamaica)

747

106

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

27

20

1704 Lucea Yam, peeled, roasted on preheated charcoal

775

110

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

38

29

1705 Negro yam, peeled, cubed, boiled 30 min (Jamaica)

734

105

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

32

23

1706 Negro yam, peeled, roasted on preheated charcoal

736

104

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

39

28

683

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

34

23

807

114

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

40

32

1709 Sweet yam, peeled, cubed, boiled 30 min (Jamaica)

794

113

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

25

20

1710 Sweet yam, peeled, roasted on preheated charcoal

827

117

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

39

32

1711 White yam, peeled, cubed, boiled 30 min (Jamaica)

756

107

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

31

24

1712 White yam, peeled, roasted on preheated charcoal

806

114

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

35

28

1713 Brown beans (South Africa)

248

34

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

36

50 (dry)

25

1714 FooFoo corn (Zea mays ) and ndole (vegetable soup)14


(Cameroon)

34

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

122

1715 Ga kenkey, prepared from fermented cornmeal (Zea mays )

121

17

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h29

123

150

13

563

80

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h29

123

100

27

15

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1688 Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), peeled,

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
45
42

baked 45 min (Jamaica)


1689 Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), peeled,
fried in vegetable oil (Jamaica)
1690 Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), peeled, roasted
on preheated charcoal (Jamaica)

cut into pieces, boiled for 8 min (Australia) (2006)


mean of nine studies
Tapioca

mean of three studies


Yam

boiled 30 min (Jamaica)


Yam, Lucea (Dioscorea rotundata)

(Jamaica)
Yam, Negro (Dioscorea rotundata)

(Jamaica)
Yam, Round leaf yellow (Dioscorea cayenensis)
1707 Round leaf yellow yam, peeled, cubed, boiled 30 min
(Jamaica)
1708 Round leaf yellow yam, peeled, roasted on preheated
charcoal (Jamaica)
Yam, Sweet (Dioscorea alata)

(Jamaica)
Yam, White (Dioscorea alata)

(Jamaica)
INDIGENOUS OR TRADITIONAL FOODS OF
DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS
AFRICAN

eaten with fish, tomato and onion sauce (Ghana)


1716 Gari, roasted cassava dough (Manihot utilissima)
eaten with fish, tomato and onion sauce (Ghana)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

53
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

53

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

36

1718 Kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris ) stew and plantain14


(Musa paradisiaca ) (Cameroon)

48

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

122

1719 Koki beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) and cassava14


(Manihot esculenta ) (Cameroon)

52

74

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

122

1720 Maize meal porridge, unrefined,

716

101

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

36

50 (dry)

36

25

747

106

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

36

50 (dry)

40

30

1722 M'fino/Morogo, wild greens (South Africa)

688

97

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

36

120

50

34

1723 Rice (Oriza sativa ) and tomato soup (Cameroon)14


1724 Unripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca) eaten with fish,

46

66

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

122

404

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h29

123

120 (raw)

34

13

343

49

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h29

123

150

42

14

66

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h29

123

150

36

24

50

71

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

122

375

53

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

84

215

50

19

294

41

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

84

185

50

15

1730 Hummus (chickpea salad dip)

64

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

124

30

1731 Lebanese bread (white, unleaved), hummus,

8612

123

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

90

120

45

39

3011

43

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

124

100

15

868

123

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

77

150

43

37

1734 Butter rice, warm white rice and butter (Japan)

79

113

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

150

51

40

1735 Curry rice (Japan)

67

96

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

150

61

41

1736 Curry rice with cheese (Japan)

55

79

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

150

49

27

1737 Glutaminous rice flour, instant, served warm with

65

93

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

100

41

27

946

140

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

77

150

32

31

1739 Glutinous rice, type NS (Esubi Shokuhin, Japan)

86

123

Normal, 6

Rice13, 2h

38

150

65

56

1740 Glutinous rice ball with cut glutinous cake

48

69

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

75

28

13

1741 Glutinous rice cake with dried sea algae (Japan)

83

119

Normal, 8

75

39

32

10910

156

Normal, 12

Rice13, 2h
Glucose, 2h

38

1742 Jasmine rice, white, cooked in rice cooker

77

150

42

46

1743 Lotus root powder (China)

336

47

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

15

1744 Low-protein white rice with dried sea algae (Japan)

70

100

Normal, 10

38

150

60

42

1745 Lychee, canned in syrup, drained

798

113

Normal, 12

Rice13, 2h
Glucose, 2h

77

120

20

16

1746 Mung bean noodles, dried, boiled (China)

399

56

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

77

180

45

18

1747 Non-glutaminous rice flour, served warm with drink

68

97

Normal, 8

Rice13, 2h

38

100

50

34

1748 Rice cracker, plain (Sakada, Japan)

91

130

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

30

25

23

1749 Rice gruel with dried algae (Satou Co Ltd., Japan)

81

116

Normal, 10

38

250

19

15

1750 Rice noodles, dried, boiled (Thai World,

616

87

Normal, 12

Rice13, 2h
Glucose, 2h

77

180

39

23

404

57

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

77

180

39

15

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1717 Gram dhal soaked overnight, cooked in salted water

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g
g/serve
50 (dry)
29
1

(South Africa)

maize-meal:water = 1:3 (South Africa)


1721 Maize meal porridge, refined,
maize-meal:water = 1:3 (South Africa)

tomato and onion sauce (Ghana)


1725 White rice (Oryza sativa), boiled, eaten with fish,
tomato and onion sauce (Ghana)
1726 Yam (Dyscoria species) eaten with fish, tomato
and onion sauce (Ghana)
1727 Yam (Dioscorea species) and groundnut14
(Arachis hypogaea ) soup (Cameroon)
ARABIC AND TURKISH
1728 Dates, Khalas (Rutab, soft early ripened) (90 g),
eaten with full-fat plain yoghurt (125 g)
(United Arab Emirates)
1729 Dates, Khalas (Tamer, dark brown commercial) (60 g),
eaten with full-fat plain yoghurt (125 g)
(United Arab Emirates)

falafel and tabbouleh


1732 Stuffed grapevine leaves (rice and lamb stuffing
with tomato sauce)
ASIAN
1733 Broken rice, white, cooked in rice cooker
(Lion foods, Bangkok, Thailand)

roasted ground soybean (Japan)


1738 Glutinous rice, white, cooked in rice cooker
(Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Co., Bangkok, Thailand)

(mochi) (Japan)

(Golden World Foods, Bangkok, Thailand)

(Narcissus brand, China)

(Yamato Nousan, Japan)

Bangkok, Thailand)
1751 Rice noodles, fresh, boiled (Sydney, NSW, Australia)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

54
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

1752 Roasted rice ball (Satou Co Ltd., Japan)

77

110

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

1753 Salted rice ball (Satou Co Ltd., Japan)

80

114

Normal, 7

Rice13, 2h

38

75

26

21

1754 Soba noodles, instant, reheated in hot water,

46

66

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

180

49

22

1755 Sushi, salmon ('I Love Sushi', Sydney, Australia)8


1756 Sushi, roasted sea algae, vinegar and rice (Japan)

488

69

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

36

17

79

Normal, 9

100

37

20

1757 Udon noodles, fresh, reheated (Fantastic brand,

628

89

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h
Glucose, 2h

UO4
38

100

55

UO4

180

48

30

Windsor Gardens, SA, Australia)8


1758 Udon noodles, instant, with sauce and fried

48

69

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

180

47

23

57

81

Normal, 7

Rice13, 2h

38

300

47

27

56

80

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

300

47

26

55

79

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

300

47

26

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Ref.

Serve
Size
g
75

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
27
21

served with soup (Japan)

bean curd (Nishin Shokuhin, Japan)


1759 White rice, dried sea algae and milk,
eaten together (Japan)
1760 White rice, dried sea algae and milk
(milk eaten before rice) (Japan)
1761 White rice, dried sea algae and milk
(milk eaten after rice) (Japan)
56

80

300

47

26

1762 White rice with dried fish strip (okaka) (Japan)

mean of three types

79

113

Normal, 6

Rice13, 2h

38

150

50

40

1763 White rice with fermented soybean (natto) (Japan)

56

80

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

150

43

24

1764 White rice with instant miso soup

61

87

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

150

47

29

1765 White rice with low-fat milk (Japan)

69

99

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

300

47

32

1766 White rice and non-sugar yoghurt (yoghurt eaten

59

84

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

150

32

19

58

83

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

150

32

19

63

90

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

150

43

27

61

87

Normal, 11

Rice13, 2h

38

150

43

26

1770 White rice topped with raw egg and soy sauce (Japan)

72

103

Normal, 6

Rice13, 2h

38

150

36

26

1771 White rice with roasted ground soybean (Japan)

56

80

Normal, 9

Rice13, 2h

38

150

51

29

1772 White rice with salted dried plum (umeboshi) (Japan)

80

114

Normal, 10

Rice13, 2h

38

150

49

39

1773 White rice with sea algae rolled in sheet of toasted

77

110

Normal, 7

Rice13, 2h

38

150

51

39

49

70

Normal, 18

Bread, 3h

64

75 (dry)

50

25

7011

100

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

120

45

31

unripe, steamed 1 h
1776 Barley (Hordeum vulgare)

48

69

Normal, 8

Bread, 3h

64

150

37

16

1777 Bengal gram dhal, chickpea

11

16

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

66

150

36

1778 Black gram, (Phaseolus mungo), soaked 12 h,

4310

61

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

150

18

1779 Chapatti, bajra

49

70

Normal, 18

Bread, 3h

64

1780 Chapatti, barley

48

69

Normal, 18

Bread, 3h

64

1781 Chapatti, maize (Zea mays )

59

85

Normal, 18

Bread, 3h

64

1782 Chapatti, flour from malted wheat, moth bean

669

94

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

125

60

38

25

408

58

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

125

60

36

14

609

85

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

125

60

38

23

443

63

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

126

200

50

22

421

60

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h29

127

150

28

12

(soybean paste soup) (Japan)

before rice) (Japan)


1767 White rice and non-sugar yoghurt eaten
together (Japan)
1768 White rice with pickled vinegar and cucumber
(pickled food eaten before rice) (Japan)
1769 White rice with pickled vinegar and cucumber
(pickled food eaten with rice) (Japan)

sea algae (Japan)


ASIAN INDIAN
1774 Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum), eaten as
roasted bread made from bajra flour
1775 Banana, (Musa sapientum), Nendra variety,
14

stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h14


Chapatti

(Phaseolus aconitifolius ) and bengal gram


(Cicer arietinum )
1783 Chapatti, flour made from popped wheat, moth bean
and bengal gram
1784 Chapatti, flour from roller dried wheat, moth bean
and bengal gram
1785 Chapatti, wheat flour, thin, with green gram
(Phaseolus aureus) dhal
Cheela (thin savoury pancake made from legume
flour batter)
1786 Cheela, bengal gram (Cicer arietinum)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

55
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

361

51

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h29

127

g
150

1788 Cheela, green gram (Phaseolus aureus)

451

64

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h29

127

150

26

12

1789 Cheela, green gram (Phaseolus aureus),

381

54

Normal, 15

Glucose, 2h29

127

150

26

10

552

79

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

126

150

39

22

1791 Green gram, (Phaseolus aureus), soaked 12 h,

3814

54

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

150

17

stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h14


1792 Horse gram, (Dolichos biflorus ) soaked 12 h,

5111

73

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

150

29

15

stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h14


1793 Idli (parboiled and raw rice with black dhal, soaked,

602

86

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

126

250

52

31

1794 Lentil and cauliflower curry with rice (Australia)

6010

86

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

90

360

51

31

1795 Millet/Ragi, (Eleucine coracana), dehusked,

6810

97

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h20

75

150

34

23

soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h14


1796 Pongal (rice and roasted green gram dhal,

452

64

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

126

250

52

35

571

81

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

126

150

41

28

39

559

Normal, 8

Bread, 2.5h

128

100

60

23

65

937

Normal, 8

Bread, 2.5h

128

100

67

44

76

1098

Normal, 8

Bread, 2.5h

128

100

68

52

1801 Porridge, made from expanded rice (puri), consumed


with Bengal gram, green gram and black gram
1802 Rajmah, Phaseolus vulgaris (India)

74

1056

Normal, 8

Bread, 2.5h

128

100

63

47

19

27

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

66

150

30

1803 Tapioca (Manihot utilissima), steamed 1h14


1804 Upittu (roasted semolina and onions, cooked in water)

7010

100

Normal, 12-15

75

250

18

12

694

99

Normal, 11

Glucose, 3h20
Glucose, 2h

126

150

42

28

11

Normal, 7

Potato26, 3h

82

50

17

1806 Acacia coriacea, desert oat seed bread8


1807 Araucaria bidwillii (bunya tree nut), baked 10 min8

46

66

Normal, 6

Bread, 3h

82

75

24

11

47

67

Normal, 7

Potato26, 3h

82

50

16

1808 Bush honey, sugar bag8


1809 Castanospermum austral (blackbean seed), sliced,

43

61

Normal, 7

Potato26, 3h

82

30

25

11

11

Normal, 7

Potato26, 3h

82

50

34

49

Normal, 7

Potato26, 3h

82

150

36

12

402

57

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

51

50

25

10

1812 Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) (Australia)8


Banana/plantain, green
1813 Green banana, boiled (New Zealand)
1814 Plantain (Musa AAB) (Fiji)
1815 Roti/chappati (Fiji)
Sweet Potato
1816 Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) (Australia)
1817 Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand)
1818 Tannia (Xanthosoma sagittifolium ) (Fiji)
Taro

68

97

Normal, 7

Potato26, 3h

82

120

27

18

3810
686
595

54
97
85

Normal, 8
Normal, 8
Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h
Glucose, 2h
Glucose, 2h

29
5
5

120
120
60

21
31
27

8
21
16

44
7712

63
110

Normal, 7
Normal, 9

Potato26, 3h
Glucose, 2h

82
29

150
150

25
25

11
19

635

90

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

150

36

23

1819 Taro (Colocasia esculenta) peeled, boiled (Australia)

54

77

Normal, 7

150

5612

80

Normal, 9

Potato26, 3h
Glucose, 2h

82

1820 Taro, peeled, boiled (New Zealand)

29

150

1821 Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand)

355

50

Normal, 14

Glucose, 2h

29

150

36

13

161

23

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

129

100

91

13019 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

130

30

20

18

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1787 Cheela, bengal gram (Cicer arietinum),

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
28
10

fermented batter

fermented batter
1790 Dosai (parboiled and raw rice, soaked, ground,
fermented and fried) with chutney

ground, fermented, steamed) with chutney

pressure cooked)
1797 Poori (deep-fried wheat flour dough) with
potato palya (mashed potato)
1798 Porridge, made from scoured wheat, consumed with
Bengal gram, green gram and black gram
1799 Porridge, made from decorticated finger millet, eaten
with Bengal gram, green gram and black gram
1800 Porridge, made from popped rice (aralu), consumed
with Bengal gram, green gram and black gram

AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL
1805 Acacia aneura (mulga seed) roasted,
wet ground to paste8

soaked 1 wk, pounded and baked


1810 Dioscorea bulbifera (cheeky yam), peeled, sliced,
8

soaked 2 d, baked 15 min


1811 Macrozamia communis (cycad palm seed), sliced,
soaked 1 wk, pounded, baked8
PACIFIC ISLANDERS

PIMA INDIAN
1822 Acorns (Quercus emoryi), stewed with venison8
1823 Cactus jam (Stenocereus thurberi)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

56
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

1824 Corn hominy (Zea mays )8


1825 Fruit Leather (Stenocereus thurberi)

405

57

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

129

70

10019 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

130

30

24

17

1826 Lima beans broth (Phaseolus lunatus )8


1827 Tortilla (Zea mays and Olneya tesota)

363

51

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

129

250

32

12

38

549

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

130

60

25

1828 White teparies broth (Phaseolus acutifolius )8


1829 Yellow teparies broth (Phaseolus acutifolius )8

313

44

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

129

250

32

10

293

41

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

129

250

26

72

102

Normal, 6

Glucose, 4h30

131

100

43

31

81

116

Normal, 9

Arepa32, 2h

132

100

43

35

44

63

Normal, 9

Arepa32, 2h

132

100

25

11

(70%) corn flour


1833 Arepa, made from white corn meal flour (Venezuela)

54

773

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

133

100

35

19

1834 Arepa, made from white corn meal flour, supplemented

60

864

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

133

100

32

19

1835 Corn tortilla (Mexico)

52

747

Normal, 8

Bread, 3.5h

134

50

24

12

1836 Corn tortilla, served with refried mashed pinto beans

39

568

Normal, 8

Bread, 3.5h

134

100

23

78

11112 Normal, 8

Bread, 3.5h

134

100

15

11

1838 Ground beef served with rice and an orange (Chile)

319

45

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

135

300

76

24

1839 Lentil soup, pureed consumed with an orange (Chile)

499

70

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

135

300

32

16

1840 Pinhao, Brazilian Parana Pine seeds (Araucaria

47

672

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

136

50

18

43

621

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

136

50

18

1842 Pinto beans, boiled in salted water (Mexico)

14

193

Normal, 8

Bread, 3.5h

134

150

25

1843 Spaghetti served with beef tomato sauce

427

60

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

135

300

51

21

7714

110

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

135

300

33

25

1845 Wheat tortilla (Mexico)

30

437

Normal, 8

Bread, 3.5h

134

50

26

1846 Wheat tortilla served with refried pinto beans and

28

4013

Normal, 8

Bread, 3.5h

134

100

18

609

8313

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

120

28

17

9411

13316 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

120

38

36

7710

10914 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

150

57

44

666

938

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

115

150

57

38

7512

10517 Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

115

150

57

43

725

103

Glucose, 2h

81

150

27

19

732

1033

150

49

36

6110

8614

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

150

34

21

1854 Green banana, peeled, boiled 10 min (Jamaica)

375

53

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

120

27

10

1855 Green banana, peeled, fried in vegetable oil (Jamaica)

353

50

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

120

31

11

1856 Green banana/plantain, boiled 23 min, frozen,

6511

9216

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

120

27

17

394

56

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

120

23

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size
g
150

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
30
12

SOUTH AMERICAN
1830 Arepa, corn bread cake, made with corn flour (Mexico)14
1831 Arepa, made from ordinary dehulled dent corn flour12, 31
(25% amylose)
1832 Arepa, made from dehulled high-amylose
12, 31

with 20% stabilised rice bran (Venezuela)

and tomato sauce (Mexico)


1837 Corn tortilla, fried, with mashed potato, fresh tomato
and lettuce (Mexico)

angustifolia) with coat, cooked for 1.5 h


in 1 L of water (Brazil)
1841 Pinhao, without coat, cooked for 1h in 1L of water
(Brazil)

and an orange (Chile)


1844 Spaghetti served with pressure-cooked white beans
and an orange (Chile)

tomato sauce (Mexico)


WEST INDIAN/CARIBBEAN
1847 Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), peeled, boiled 26 min,
frozen, thawed and reheated for 1 min
1848 Cassava (Manihot esculenta ), peeled, boiled 30 min,
frozen, thawed and reheated for 1 min
Dasheen (Colocasia esculenta)
1849 Dasheen, peeled, boiled 30 min, refrigerated,
reheated for 1 min
1850 Dasheen, peeled, boiled 30 min, crushed, refrigerated,
reheated for 1 min
1851 Dasheen, peeled, boiled 30 min, uncrushed (whole),
refrigerated, reheated for 1 min
1852 Dasheen, peeled, cubed, boiled 30 min (Jamaica)
mean of four foods
1853 Eddoe (Colocasia esculenta var. antiquorum),

Normal, 10

peeled, boiled 30 min, refrigerated, reheated for 1 min


Green banana/plantain (Musa sapientum )

thawed and reheated for 1 min


1857 Green plantain (Musa paradisiaca), peeled,
boiled 10 min (Jamaica)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

57
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

403

57

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

115

g
120

662

94

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

120

19

13

906

129

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

120

28

26

718

10111 Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

150

50

35

1862 Irish potato, peeled, boiled 30 min, crushed

667

949

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

115

150

50

33

1863 Irish potato, peeled, boiled 30 min, uncrushed (whole),

6610

9314

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

115

150

50

33
34

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

1858 Green plantain (Musa paradisiaca), peeled, fried

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
34
14

in vegetable oil (Jamaica)


1859 Ripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca), peeled,
boiled 10 min (Jamaica)
1860 Ripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca), peeled, fried
in vegetable oil (Jamaica)
1861 Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum), peeled,
boiled 30 min, refrigerated, reheated for 1 min

refrigerated, reheated for 1 min


68

96

150

50

1864 Sadha roti (leavened wheat-based bread)

mean of three foods

659

9113

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

1865 Tannia (Xanthosoma sagittifolium ), peeled,

605

847

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

150

56

33

525

747

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

115

150

56

29

508

7111

Normal, 6

Bread, 2h

115

150

56

28

54

76

150

56

30

615

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

46

28

747

106

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

27

20

775

110

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

38

29

734

105

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

32

23

736

104

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

39

28

683

97

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

34

23

807

114

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

40

32

794

113

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

25

20

827

117

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

39

32

626

889

Normal, 8

Bread, 2h

115

150

25

15

1878 White yam, peeled, cubed, boiled 30 min (Jamaica)

756

107

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

31

24

1879 White yam, peeled, roasted on preheated charcoal

806

114

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

81

150

35

28

boiled 30 min, refrigerated, reheated for 1 min


1866 Tannia, peeled, boiled 30 min, crushed, refrigerated,
reheated for 1 min
1867 Tannia, peeled, boiled 30 min, uncrushed (whole),
refrigerated, reheated for 1 min
mean of three foods
Yam
1868 Coco yam (Xanthosoma spp.), peeled, cubed,
boiled 30 min (Jamaica)
1869 Lucea yam (Dioscorea rotunda), peeled, cubed,
boiled 30 (Jamaica)
1870 Lucea yam, peeled, roasted on preheated charcoal
(Jamaica)
1871 Negro yam (Dioscorea rotundata), peeled, cubed,
boiled 30 (Jamaica)
1872 Negro yam, peeled, roasted on preheated charcoal
(Jamaica)
1873 Round leaf yellow yam (Dioscorea cayenensis),
peeled, cubed, boiled 30 min (Jamaica)
1874 Round leaf yellow yam, peeled, roasted on preheated
charcoal (Jamaica)
1875 Sweet yam (Dioscorea alata), peeled, cubed,
boiled 30 min (Jamaica)
1876 Sweet yam, peeled, roasted on preheated charcoal
(Jamaica)
1877 White yam (Dioscorea alata), peeled, boiled 30 min,
refrigerated, reheated for 1 min

(Jamaica)

Footnotes for Table 1.


1.

NS, not specified; AUC, area under the curve. Serving sizes in grams unless otherwise specified.

2.

Mean SEM. Two GI values are shown for each food one in which glucose sugar was used as the reference food and one in which white bread
was used as the reference food.

3.

Estimated by multiplying the foods listed GI value with glucose as the reference food by the listed g carbohydrate per serving and dividing by 100.

4.

Sydney Universitys Glycemic Index Research Service (Human Nutrition Unit, University of Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations, 1995-2007.

5.

Glycemic Index Laboratories, Inc. (Toronto, Canada), unpublished observations, 2004-2007.

6.

International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne, Australia), unpublished observations, 2006 2007.

7.

Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 10 g carbohydrate.

8.

Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 25 g carbohydrate.

9.

GI calculated from the 120 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula.

10. V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 1996-2000.
11. GI calculated from the 180 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula.
12. GI calculated by using a mathematical formula based on results from an in vitro starch hydrolysis assay.

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

58
13. White rice was used as the reference food, but glucose was also tested and had a GI of 122. The observed GI was multiplied by 100 and then divided by 122
to convert it to a GI on the glucose scale (ie, glucose = reference food with a GI of 100).
14. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 75 g carbohydrate.
15. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 100 g carbohydrate.
16. B Spratt (George Westons Foods, Australia), unpublished observations, 2007.
17. Values based on 0.5 g carbohydrate/kg body weight.
18. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 70 g carbohydrate.
19. Glycemic Index Symbol Program: http://www.gisymbol.com.au; Accessed 30 August 2007.
20. GI value included in original article determined from AUC measured over 180 min for only 4 time points (0, 60, 120 and 180 min).
21. J Dzieniszewski, J Ciok (National Food and Nutrition Institute, Poland), unpublished observations, 1996-2001.
22. J Brand-Miller, S Holt (University of Sydney, Australia), and V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, Le Plessis-Robinson, France), unpublished observations, 2000-2001.
23. C Dalaudier (Nairns Oatcakes Ltd, Scotland), unpublished observations, 2007.
24. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 30 g carbohydrate.
25. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 20 g carbohydrate.
26. Potato used as the reference food with a GI fixed at 80. The GI of the test food was calculated by expressing the test foods glucose AUC value
as a percentage of the potatos AUC value.
27. GI calculated from the 90 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula.
28. GI calculated from the 150 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula.
29. GI included in original article determined from AUC measured 120 min for only 4 time points (0, 30, 60 and 120 min).
30. GI included in original article determined from AUC measured 240 min for only 6 time points (0, 30, 60, 120, 180 and 240 min).
31. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 45 g carbohydrate.
32. Ordinary corn flour arepa was used as the reference food.

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

Table A2. Glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values determined in subjects with impaired
glucose tolerance, small subject numbers or values showing wide variability: 2008
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

BAKERY PRODUCTS
Cakes
1880 Angel food cake (Loblaw's, Toronto, Canada)

67

957

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

50

29

1881 Carrot cake, prepared with coconut flour (Philippines)

39

554

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

60

23

19
9

1882 Pound cake (Sara Lee Canada, Bramalea, Canada)

54

778

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

53

28

15

1883 Sponge cake, plain (Canada)

466

66

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

63

36

17

1884 Croissant (Food City, Toronto, Canada)

67

966

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

137

57

26

17

1885 Crumpet (Dempster's Corporate Foods Ltd.,

69

984

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

137

50

19

13

1886 Doughnut, cake type (Loblaw's, Canada)

76

10810

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

47

23

17

1887 Flan cake (Weston's Bakery, Toronto, Canada)

65

936

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

70

48

31

1888 Blueberry muffin (Culinar Inc., Canada)

59

848

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

57

29

17

1889 Bran muffin (Culinar Inc., Grandma Martin's Muffins,

60

858

Type 1 & 2, 14

Bread, 2h

137

57

24

14

1890 Carrot muffin (Culinar Inc., Canada)

62

8812

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

57

32

20

1891 Corn muffin, low-amylose4


1892 Corn muffin, high-amylose4

102

146

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 3h

138

57

29

30

49

70

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 3h

138

57

29

14

1893 Oatmeal, muffin, made from mix (Quaker Oats Co.

69

9815

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

50

35

24

1894 Pancakes, prepared with coconut flour (Philippines)

51

726

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

80

22

11

1895 Pan de sal (sweet bread roll), containing coconut

68

976

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

80

36

24

1896 Pastry (Canada)

596

84

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

57

26

15

1897 Waffles, Aunt Jemima (Quaker Oats Co. of Canada)

76

1096

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

35

13

10

9510

136

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

250 mL

42

40

1899 Allsport, orange (PepsiCo Inc., Somers, NY, USA)

534

76

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

21

11

1900 Cytomax, orange (Cytosport, Concordia, CA, USA)

627

89

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

11

1901 Gatorade, orange flavor, US formula

8912

127

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

15

13

1009

113

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

51

51

655

93

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

20

13

687

97

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

13

72

1035

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

137

70

35

25

1906 Baguette, white, plain (France)

9515

136

Type 2, 3

Glucose, 3h

140

30

15

14

1907 Classic French baguette (prepared with wheat flour,

836

119

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

10

30

18

15

7817

112

Normal, 9

Glucose, 3h

10

30

18

14

1909 French bread, fermented with leaven (France)

8018

114

Normal, 9

Glucose, 3h

10

30

16

13

1910 French bread, fermented with yeast (France)

8135

116

Normal, 9

Glucose, 3h

10

30

16

13

1911 Traditional French baguette (prepared with wheat

695

99

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

10

30

18

12

74

10610

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

21

16

1913 Coarse barley kernel bread, 75% kernels

27

397

Type 2, 5

Bread, 3h

141

30

20

1914 Barley kernel bread, 50% kernels (Canada)

43

624

Type 2, 5

Bread, 3h

141

30

20

Etobicoke, Canada)

Muffins

Aurora, Canada)

of Canada, Peterborough, Canada)


Pancakes

flour (Philippines)

BEVERAGES
1898 Lucozade, original (sparkling glucose drink)
(Glaxo Wellcome Ltd., Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK)
Sports drinks

(Gatorade, Chicago, IL, USA)


1902 GatorLode, orange flavor
(Gatorade, Chicago, IL, USA)
1903 Poweraid, orange (Coca-Cola Company,
Atlanta, GA, USA)
1904 XLR8, orange flavor (Softpac Industries Inc.,
Plymouth, Minn, USA)
BREADS
1905 Bagel, white, frozen (Lender's Bakery, Montreal, Canada)
Baguette, white

ascorbic acid, water, salt & 50 g yeast) (France)


1908 Classic French baguette (prepared with wheat flour,
ascorbic acid, water, salt & 50 g yeast) (France)

flour, water, salt and 20 g yeast) (France)


1912 Bread stuffing, Paxo (Campbell Soup Co Ltd.,
Toronto, Canada)
Barley Breads

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

2
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

1915 Barley flour bread, 100% barley flour (Canada)

67

966

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

141

g
30

1916 Hamburger bun (Loblaw's, Toronto, Canada)

61

875

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

30

15

1917 Kaiser rolls (Loblaw's, Canada)

73

1045

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

30

16

12

1918 Melba toast, Old London (Best Foods Canada Inc.,

70

1006

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

30

23

16

71

10122

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

99

30

15

11

80

11421

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

99

30

15

12

69

9912

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

99

30

13

76

10913

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

99

30

13

10

1923 Rye kernel bread (Pumpernickel) (Canada)

41

58

Diabetic, number NS

Glucose, time NS

142

30

12

1924 Wholegrain pumpernickel (Holtzheuser Brothers Ltd.,

46

667

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

30

11

54

779

Type 1, 7

Bread, 3h

143

30

13

1926 Rye kernel bread, Pumpernickel (80% kernels) (Canada)

55

783

Type 1 & 2, 14

Bread, 3h

144

30

12

1927 Cocktail, sliced (Kasselar Food Products,

55

793

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

145

30

12

1928 Pumpernickel bread (Canada)

56

80

Type 2, !13

Bread, 3h

146

30

12

1929 Cocktail, sliced (Kasselar Food Products, Canada)

62

8813

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

145

30

12

533

754

30

12

1930 Wholemeal rye bread (Canada)

41

58

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

30

14

1931 Wholemeal rye bread (Canada)

62

896

Type 1 & 2, 14

Bread, 3h

144

30

14

1932 Wholemeal rye bread (Canada)

63

907

Type 2, 9

Bread,3h

145

30

14

1933 Wholemeal rye bread (Canada)

66

9410

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

145

30

14

586

838

30

14

1934 Brgen Dark/Swiss rye (Tip Top Bakeries, Australia)

746

106

Type 2, 14

Glucose, 2h

29

30

10

1935 Klosterbrot wholemeal rye bread

67

956

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

13

1936 Light rye (Silverstein's Bakery, Toronto, Canada)

68

976

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

30

14

10

1937 Linseed rye (Rudolph's Specialty Bakery Ltd.,

55

788

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

30

13

1938 Sourdough rye (Canada)

57

83

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

146

30

12

1939 Volkornbrot, wholemeal rye bread

56

805

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

13

1940 50% cracked wheat kernel (Canada)

58

834

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

141

30

20

12

1941 75% cracked wheat kernels (Canada)

48

694

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

141

30

20

10

1942 White flour (USA)5


1943 White flour (Dempster's Corporate Foods Ltd., Canada)

70

100

Type 2, 5; IGT, 6

Bread, 3h

148

30

14

10

71

1019

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

30

14

10

1944 White flour (Canada)

71

1025

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

30

14

10

1945 White flour (Israel)

785

111

Gestational DM, 8

Glucose, 2h

150

30

15

12

732

1043

30

14

10

1946 White wheat flour bread, hard, toasted (Italy)

73

1045

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 3h

151

30

15

11

1947 White Turkish bread (Turkey)

87

124

Type 2, 52; Normal, 31 Glucose, 2h

152

30

17

15

67

966

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

137

30

13

69

985

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

30

13

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
13
9

Etobicoke, Canada)
Gluten-free bread
1919 Gluten-free white bread, unsliced
(gluten-free wheat starch) (UK)
1920 Gluten-free white bread, sliced
(gluten-free wheat starch) (UK)
1921 Gluten-free fiber-enriched, unsliced (gluten-free
wheat starch, soya bran) (UK)
1922 Gluten-free fiber-enriched, sliced (gluten-free
wheat starch, soya bran) (UK)
Rye kernel (pumpernickel) bread

Toronto, Canada)
1925 Wholemeal rye bread (75% rye flour with 25% cracked
rye grains) (Schilstad bread, Aarhus, Denmark)

Toronto, Canada)

mean of seven studies


Wholemeal rye bread

mean of four studies


Specialty rye breads

(Dimpflmeier Bakery Ltd., Canada)

Toronto, Canada)

(Dimpflmeier Bakery Ltd., Canada)


Wheat Breads
Cracked wheat kernel (bulgur) bread

White wheat flour bread

mean of four studies

White bread, fiber-enriched


1948 White, high-fiber (Dempster's Corporate
Foods Ltd., Canada)
1949 White, high-fiber (Weston's Bakery, Toronto, Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

3
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

White bread with enzyme inhibitors


1950 White bread + acarbose (200 mg) (Mexico)

18

2613

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

42

30

17

1951 White bread roll + 3 mg trestatin (pancreatic

48

69

Type 2, 6

Bread, 4h

153

30

12

1952 White bread roll + 6 mg trestatin (Switzerland)6, 7


White bread with soluble fiber

29

42

Type 2, 6

Bread, 4h

153

30

12

1953 White bread + 15 g psyllium fiber (Plantago psyllium )

41

5910

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

42

30

17

53

758

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

30

16

49

718

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

30

16

47

687

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

30

17

37

536

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

30

17

39

556

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

30

16

46

657

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

41

586

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

48

697

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

46

667

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

1963 Wholemeal flour (Canada)5


1964 Wholemeal flour (Canada)

52

7415

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

154

30

12

64

9211

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

141

30

12

1965 Wholemeal flour (Canada)

65

93

Diabetic, number NS

Glucose, time NS

142

30

12

1966 Wholemeal flour (Canada)

67

957

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

145

30

12

1967 Wholemeal flour (Canada)

67

965

Type 1 & 2, 14

Bread, 3h

144

30

12

1968 Wholemeal flour (Canada)

69

985

Type 1, 5

Bread, 3h

145

30

12

1969 Wholemeal flour (Canada)

69

996

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

155

30

12

1970 Wholemeal flour (Canada)

71

1026

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

30

12

1971 Wholemeal flour (Denmark)6, 7


1972 Wholemeal flour (USA)4

71

1018

Type 1, 7

Bread, 3h

153

30

14

10

73

104

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

138

30

14

10

1973 Wholemeal flour (Kenya)

87

12440

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2.5h

156

30

13

11

69 2

984

30

13

49

70

Type 2, 52; Normal, 31 Glucose, 2h

152

30

16

696

99

Type 2, 13

Glucose, 2h

29

30

11

1976 Molenberg (Goodman Fielder, New Zealand)

848

120

Type 2, 14

Glucose, 2h

29

30

14

12

1977 Multigrain loaf, containing coconut flour (Philippines)

65

936

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

30

12

1978 Semolina bread (Kenya)5


1979 Whole-wheat snack bread (Ryvita Co Ltd.,

64

927

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

157

74

1058

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

30

22

16

1980 Middle Eastern flatbread

9729

139

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

124

30

16

15

1981 Pita bread, white (Canada)

57

8210

Type 1 & 2, 7

Bread, 3h

137

30

17

10

1982 Pita bread, white (Sainsbury's, UK)

6716

96

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

30

15

10

1983 Pita bread, white (Value, UK)

6920

99

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

15

10

1984 Wheat flour flatbread (India)

669

94

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

30

16

11

1985 Amaranth : wheat (25:75) flour flatbread (India)

6610

94

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

30

15

10

1986 Amaranth : wheat (50:50) flour flatbread (India)

7620

109

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

30

15

11

alpha-amylase inhibitor) (Switzerland)6, 7

(Mexico)
White bread with Sunfibre (Cyamoposis
tetragonolobus ) (Indian cluster guar beans)
1954 White bread with 3 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)
1955 White bread with 5 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Yokaichi Mie, Japan)
1956 White bread with 10 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Japan)
1957 White bread with 15 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Japan)
1958 White bread with 5 g Sunfibre, viscosity 2
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Japan), viscosity 2
White bread consumed with fiber drink
1959 White bread consumed with 5 g Sunfibre (Taiyo
Kagaku Co., Ltd, Japan) dissolved in 250 mL water
1960 White bread consumed with 10 g Sunfibre (Taiyo
Kagaku Co., Ltd, Japan) dissolved in 250 mL water
1961 White bread consumed with 10 g insoluble dextrin
(Matsutani Chemical Industry Co. Ltd, Japan)
in 250 mL water
1962 White bread with 10 g inulin (Orafti, Tienen, Belgium)
in 250 mL water
Wholemeal (whole wheat) wheat flour bread

mean of eleven studies


1974 Wholemeal Turkish bread
Specialty wheat breads
1975 Brgen Mixed Grain (Tip Top Bakeries,
Chatswood, NSW, Australia)

Poole, Dorset, UK)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

4
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

BREAKFAST CEREALS
1987 All-Bran, high-fiber, extruded wheat bran cereal

50

725

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

30

23

12

9719

139

Type 2 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

30

19

18

1989 Bran Buds (Kellogg's Inc., Canada)9


1990 Bran Buds with psyllium (Kellogg's Inc., Canada)9

58

8311

Type 1 & 2, 8

Bread, 3h

137

30

12

47

674

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

137

30

12

1991 Bran Chex (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Toronto, Canada)9


1992 Cheerios (General Mills Inc., Etobicoke, Canada)9

58

836

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

19

11

74

1069

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

20

15

1993 Corn Bran (Quaker Oats Co. of Canada,

75

1076

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

20

15

1994 Corn Chex (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada)9


Cornflakes

83

11811

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

30

25

21

1995 Cornflakes (Kellogg's, Auckland, New Zealand)

7216

103

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

29

30

25

18

1996 Cornflakes (Kellogg's Inc., Canada)

86

1235

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

149

30

26

22

1997 Cornflakes (Kellogg's, USA)4


1998 Cornflakes (Kellogg's, France)

92

130

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 3h

138

30

26

24

9316

133

Normal, 11-14

Glucose, 2h

59

30

27

25

1999 Cornflakes (Kellogg's, MI, USA)

13233

188

Normal, 6

Glucose, 3h

56

30

25

33

9510

13514

30

26

25

74

1056

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

30

23

17

66

944

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

250

26

17

74

1058

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

250

30

22

2003 Crispix (Kellogg's Inc., Canada)9


2004 Fruitful Lite (Hubbards, Auckland, New Zealand)

87

1245

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

30

25

22

6120

86

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

29

30

20

12

2005 Golden Grahams (General Mills Inc., Canada)9


2006 Grapenuts (Post, Kraft General Foods Inc., Canada)9

71

10212

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

30

25

18

67

969

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

30

19

13

2007 Grapenuts Flakes (Post, Kraft General Foods Inc.,

80

1148

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

22

17

66

948

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

30

25

17

60

8512

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

30

18

11

2010 Oat bran, raw (Quaker Oats Co., Canada)9


2011 Oat bran, raw

50

726

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

10

59

84

Type 2, !13

Bread, 3h

146

10

2012 Oat Bran (Quaker Oats Co, Peterborough, ON, Canada)

60

866

Type 2, 16

Bread, 3h

159

10

56

81

10

2013 Oat bran crisp (Natureal GI-crisp, Finn Cereal,

79

113

Type 2, 12

Glucose, 2h

160

30

13

10

Vantaa, Finland)10, 11
2014 Oat bran flour (Natureal GI-flour, Finn Cereal,

40

57

Type 2, 12

Glucose, 2h

160

30

2015 Porridge (Canada)

62

88

Diabetic, number NS

Glucose, time NS

142

250

23

14

2016 Porridge (Canada)

69

989

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

250

23

16

2017 Porridge (USA)4


mean of three studies

75

107

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

138

250

23

17

69

98

250

23

16

2018 Quick Oats (Quaker Oats Co., Canada)

65

93

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

161

250

26

17

2019 One Minute Oats (Quaker Oats Co., Canada)9


2020 Pro Stars (General Mills Inc., Canada)9

66

9410

Type 1 & 2, 7

Bread, 3h

137

250

26

17

71

1027

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

24

17

2021 Puffed Wheat (Quaker Oats Co., Canada)9


2022 Red River Cereal (Maple Leaf Mills, Toronto, Canada)9

67

967

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

20

13

49

705

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

30

22

11

2023 Rice Chex (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada)9


2024 Rice Krispies (Kellogg's Inc., Canada)9

89

1275

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

30

26

23

82

1175

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

30

26

22

2025 Shredded Wheat (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada)9


2026 Sultana Bran (Healthy Living, UK)

83

1186

Type 1 & 2, 14

Bread, 3h

137

30

20

17

9017

129

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

30

17

15

2027 Team (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada)9


2028 Thank Goodness (Hubbards, New Zealand)

82

1179

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

22

18

6518

93

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

29

30

23

15

2029 Total (General Mills Inc., Canada)9

76

1096

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

30

22

17

(Kellogg's Inc., Etobicoke, Canada)


1988 Amaranth (Amaranthus esculentum ) popped,
eaten with milk and non-nutritive sweetener (India)

Peterborough, Canada)9

mean of five studies


2000 Cornflakes, high-fiber (Presidents Choice,
Sunfresh Ltd., Toronto, Canada)9
2001 Cream of Wheat (Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada)9
2002 Cream of Wheat, Instant
(Nabisco Brands Ltd., Canada)9

Canada)9
2008 Life (Quaker Oats Co., Canada)9
2009 Muesli, No Name (Sunfresh Ltd., Toronto, Canada)9
Oat bran

mean of three studies

Vantaa, Finland), consumed mixed with cold water10, 11


Porridge made from rolled oats

Instant Porridge

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

5
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

36

525

Type 2, 16

Bread, 3h

159

g
30

2031 Weetabix, plain flaked wheat biscuits

74

1058

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

30

22

16

(Weetabix of Canada Ltd., Thornhill, Canada)9


2032 Juicy cereal bar (stavnata tycinka FIT, Usovsko,

8516

122

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

162

30

20

17

30

434

Type 2, 16

Bread, 3h

159

30

16

9719

139

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

30

22

21

2035 Barley, pearled (Canada)

22

323

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

145

150

41

2036 Barley (Canada)

22

31

Type 2,13

Bread, 3h

146

150

42

2037 Barley (Canada)

27

396

Type 2, 4

Bread, 3h

141

150

42

11

2038 Barley, pearled (Canada)

29

4110

Type 1, 7

Bread, 3h

145

150

42

12

252

362

150

42

11

2039 Barley (Hordeum vulgare) (India)

37

53

Type 2, 14

Bread, 3h

64

150

42

16

2040 Barley, cracked (Malthouth, Tunisia)

50

727

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

150

42

21

2041 Buckwheat (Canada)

49

706

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

145

150

30

15

2042 Buckwheat (Canada)

5110

73

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

150

30

15

2043 Buckwheat (Canada)

63

908

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

145

150

30

19

mean of three studies

54

78

150

30

16

109

15615

Type 2, 13

Bread, 2.5h

156

68

975

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

150

13

69

9910

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

150

12

2047 Sweet corn, cooked (Israel)

527

74

Gestational DM, 8

Glucose, 2h

150

150

33

17

2048 Sweet corn (Canada)

5911

84

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

150

33

19

2049 Sweet corn (USA)5


mean of three studies

60

85

Type 2, 5; IGT, 6

Bread, 3h

148

150

33

20

57

81

150

33

19

2050 Sweet corn, whole kernel, canned, diet-pack, drained

46

66

Type 2, 20

Bread, 3h

163

150

28

13

(Featherweight, USA)5
2051 Sweet corn, frozen, reheated in microwave

47

674

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

150

33

16

68

979

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

20

12

61

877

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

150

35

21

69

996

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

150

34

23

2055 Millet, boiled (Canada)

7110

101

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

150

36

26

2056 Millet flour porridge (Kenya)

107

15314

Type 2, 13

Bread, 2h

156

6915

99

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

150

43

30

2058 Type NS, boiled (France)

43

61

Type 2, 14

Glucose, 3h12

164

150

30

13

2059 Type NS, eaten alone (France)

45

64

Type 2, 30

Glucose, 3h12

164

150

30

14

2060 Type NS, boiled (France)

47

66

Type 2, 16

164

150

30

14

2061 Type NS (Canada)

51

73

Diabetic, number NS

Glucose, 3h12
Glucose, time NS

142

150

42

21

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

2030 Wheat flakes, enriched with extruded oat-bran

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
17
6

concentrate (8.1% -glucan) (Canada)

Czech Republic)
2033 Wheat flake bar, containing frutcose and extruded
oat bran concentrate (6.5% -glucan) (Canada)
CEREAL GRAINS
Amaranth
2034 Amaranth (Amaranthus esculentum ) popped,
eaten with milk and non-nutritive sweetener (India)
Barley
Pearl Barley

mean of four studies

Buckwheat

Corn/Maize
2044 Maize meal porridge/gruel (Kenya)
Cornmeal
2045 Cornmeal, boiled in salted water 2 min
(McNair Products Co. Ltd., Toronto, Canada)
2046 Cornmeal + margarine
(McNair Products Co. Ltd., Canada)
Sweet corn

(Green Giant Pillsbury Ltd., Toronto, Canada)


2052 Taco shells, cornmeal-based, baked (Old El Paso
Foods Co., Toronto, Canada)
Couscous
2053 Couscous, boiled 5 min (Near East Food Products Co.,
Leominster, MA, USA)
2054 Couscous, boiled 5 min (Tunisia)
Millet

Rice, white
2057 White (Oryza sativa ), boiled (India)
Rice, boiled white, type NS

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

6
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

2062 Type NS (France)

52

749

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

102

g
150

2063 Type NS (Canada)

56

805

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

150

42

23

2064 Type NS (Pakistan)

69

98

Type 2, 22

165

150

38

26

2065 Type NS (Kenya)

112

16034

Type 2, 10

Wheat chapatti13, 3h
Bread, 2h

156

150

42

47

598

8512

150

36

21

2066 Long grain, boiled 5 min (Canada)

41

584

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

166

150

40

16

2067 Gem long grain (Dainty Food Inc., Toronto, Canada)

55

79

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

89

150

40

22

2068 Long grain, boiled 25 min (Surinam)

562

80

Type 2, 3

Glucose, 3h

140

150

43

24

2069 Gem long grain (Dainty Food Inc., Canada)

57

82

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

89

150

40

23

2070 Long grain, boiled 15 min

58

835

Type 1, 5; Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

166

150

40

23

2071 Gem long grain (Dainty Food Inc., Canada)

60

866

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

145

150

40

24

2072 Gem long grain (Dainty Food Inc., Canada)

60

8611

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

145

150

40

24

2073 Long grain, nonglutinous (non waxy) rice variety

71

102

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

167

150

41

29

573

824

150

41

23

51

7213

Type 1 & 2, 8

Bread, 3h

137

150

37

19

55

796

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

150

37

20

2076 Glutinous (waxy) rice, low-amylose, boiled (Thailand)

75

107

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

167

2077 Long Grain and Wild, Uncle Ben's

54

779

Type 1 & 2, 8

Bread, 3h

137

150

37

20

58

837

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

150

37

21

57

818

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

150

32

18

17

24

Type 2, 52; Normal, 31 Glucose, 2h

152

150

43

2081 Bangladeshi rice variety BR16 (28% amylose)

37

537

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

168

150

39

14

2082 Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, white, long-grain

39

555

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

169

150

39

15

54

778

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

150

40

22

54

788

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

45

150

40

22

61

8711

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

72

150

43

26

59

847

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

73

150

43

25

61

8711

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

73

150

43

26

5019

72

Normal, 12-15

150

33

17

5612

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 3h12
Bread, 3h

75

39

72

150

42

16

46

655

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

166

150

42

19

2091 Parboiled rice (Canada)

48

686

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

145

150

36

17

2092 Parboiled rice (USA)5


2093 Converted, white, Uncle Ben's

72

103

Type 2, 5; IGT, 6

Bread, 3h

148

150

36

26

45

647

Type 1, 5

Bread, 3h

145

150

36

16

50

72

Type 2, 20

Bread, 3h

163

150

36

18

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

mean of eight studies

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
36
19

Long grain, boiled

RD 21/23 (low amylose), boiled (Thailand)


mean of eight studies
Rice, specialty rices
2074 Cajun Style, Uncle Ben's (Effem Foods Ltd.,
Bolton, Canada)
2075 Garden Style, Uncle Ben's
(Effem Foods Ltd., Canada)

(Effem Foods Ltd., Canada)


2078 Mexican Fast and Fancy, Uncle Ben's
(Effem Foods Ltd., Canada)
2079 Saskatchewan wild rice (Canada)
Rice, white low-amylose
2080 White, low-amylose, boiled (Turkey)
Rice, white high-amylose

(27% amylose), boiled 17.5 min


Japonica rice enriched with Sunfibre
(Cyamoposis tetragonolobus) (soluble fiber)
2083 Japonica rice with 3 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Japan)
2084 Japonica rice with 5 g Sunfibre, viscosity 1
(Taiyo Kagaku Co., Ltd, Japan)
Milled, white, high amylose rice
2085 Milled (white), high amylose (IR42) rice,
boiled 22 min (Philippines)
2086 Milled (white), high amylose (IR42) rice,
boiled 22 min (Philippines)
2087 Milled (white), high amylose (IR42) rice,
boiled 22 min (Philippines)
Rice, brown
2088 Brown (Oryza Sativa), boiled (South India)6
2089 Brown, high amylose (IR42) rice, boiled 30 min
(Philippines)
Instant/puffed rice
2090 Instant rice, white, boiled 1 min (Canada)
Parboiled rice

(Effem Foods Ltd., Canada)


2094 Converted, white, long grain, boiled 20-30 min,
Uncle Ben's (Masterfoods USA)5

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

7
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

2095 Boiled, 12 min (Denmark)4


2096 Boiled, 12 min (Denmark)

39

5510

Type 2, 7

Bread, 2h

170

g
150

42

608

Type 2, 7

Bread, 2h

170

150

36

15

2097 Boiled, 12 min (Denmark)

43

629

Type 2, 11

Bread, 5h

171

150

36

15

2098 Boiled, 12 min (Denmark)

46

665

Type 2, 12

Bread, 5h

171

150

36

17

2099 Long grain, boiled 5 min (Canada)

38

545

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

166

150

36

14

2100 Long grain, boiled, 10 min (USA)4


2101 Long grain, boiled 15 min (Canada)

61

87

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

138

150

36

22

47

675

Type 1, 5, Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

166

150

36

17

2102 Long grain, boiled 25 min (Canada)

46

664

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

166

150

36

17

483

694

150

36

17

99

141

Type 2, 20

Glucose, 2h

172

51

737

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

169

150

38

19

35

507

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

168

150

37

13

32

468

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

169

150

38

12

27

396

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

169

150

41

11

33

474

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

168

150

38

13

322

462

150

39

12

2109 Rye, whole kernels (Canada)

29

427

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

145

50 (dry)

38

11

2110 Rye, whole kernels, pressure cooked (15 psi)

34

475

Type 1, 5; Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

144

50 (dry)

38

13

39

5612

Type 1, 7

Bread, 3h

145

50 (dry)

38

15

34

48

50 (dry)

38

13

2112 Wheat, whole kernels (Canada)

42

608

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

145

50 (dry)

33

14

2113 Wheat, whole kernels, pressure cooked (15 psi)

44

636

Type 1, 6; Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

144

50 (dry)

33

14

48

697

Type 1, 7

Bread, 3h

145

50 (dry)

33

16

45

64

50 (dry)

33

15

63

91

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

66

50 (dry)

38

24

90

129

Type 2, 20

Glucose, 2h

172

50 (dry)

38

34

559

79

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

173

150

11

5413

77

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

173

150

11

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

mean of twelve studies


2103 Parboiled rice, eaten as part of a traditional

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
36
14

Indian meal (India)6


Parboiled, low-amylose
2104 Bangladeshi rice variety BR2, parboiled
(12% amylose)
Parboiled, high-amylose
2105 Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, parboiled
(28% amylose)
2106 Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, traditionally parboiled
(27% amylose)
2107 Bangladeshi rice variety BR16, pressure parboiled
(27% amylose)
2108 Bangladeshi rice variety BR4, parboiled
(27% amylose)
mean of four studies
Rye, whole kernels

30 min in 2 L water (Canada)


2111 Rye, whole kernels (Canada)
mean of three studies
Wheat
Wheat, whole kernels

30 min in 2 L water (Canada)


2114 Wheat, whole kernels (Canada)
mean of three studies
2115 Wheat, type NS (India)11
2116 Wheat, type NS (India)6
Semolina
2117 Semolina, roasted at 105C then gelatinised
with water (India)
2118 Semolina, steamed and gelatinised (India)
Cracked wheat (bulgur/bourghul)
2119 Bulgur, boiled (Canada)

46

664

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

141

150

26

12

2120 Bulgur, boiled in 800 mL water 20 min (Canada)

46

654

Type 1, 5; Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

144

150

26

12

2121 Bulgur, boiled (Canada)

46

65

Type 2, !13

Bread, 3h

146

150

26

12

2122 Bulgur, boiled 20 min (Canada)

46

655

Type 2, 12

Bread, 3h

145

150

26

12

2123 Bulgur, boiled 20 min (Canada)

53

7513

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

145

150

26

14

471

672

150

26

12

63

904

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

137

25

20

13

2125 Arrowroot plus (McCormicks's, Canada)

62

887

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

25

18

11

2126 Chocolate chip cookies, containing coconut flour

50

717

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

25

16

mean of five studies


COOKIES
Arrowroot
2124 Arrowroot (McCormicks's, Interbare Foods,
Toronto, Canada)

(Philippines)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

8
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Digestives
2127 Digestives (Canada)

55

799

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

25

16

2128 Digestives, Peak Freans (Nabisco Ltd.,

62

887

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

137

25

15

58

8314

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

99

25

17

10

7725

110

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

29

25

17

13

74

1069

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

25

18

13

57

816

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

25

15

33

474

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

30

18

2134 Oro (Saiwa, Italy)

6717

96

Normal, 13

Glucose, 2h

32

21

77

1104

Type 1 & 2, 8

Bread, 3h

UO14
137

40

2135 Vanilla Wafers (Christie Brown & Co., Canada)

25

18

14

67

964

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

25

14

2137 Rye crispbread (Canada)

63

90

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

25

16

10

2138 Rye crispbread (Ryvita Company Ltd., UK)

63

904

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

25

18

11

2139 High-fiber rye crispbread (Ryvita Company Ltd.,

59

847

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

25

15

2140 Premium Soda Crackers (Christie Brown & Co., Canada)

74

1065

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

25

17

12

2141 Stoned Wheat Thins (Christie Brown & Co., Canada)

67

964

Type 1 & 2, 11

Bread, 3h

137

25

17

11

2142 Ice cream, NS (Canada)

368

51

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

50

13

2143 Ice cream, NS (USA)15


2144 Ice cream, chocolate flavored (USA)

62

89

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

174

50

12

6815

97

Type 2, 12

Glucose, 3h

175

50

14

10

2145 Ice cream (half vanilla, half chocolate) (Italy)16


mean of four studies

80

11431

Type 2, 14

Bread, 2h

76

50

13

10

629

8813

50

13

2146 Full-fat (Italy)16


2147 Full-fat (USA)15

24

349

Type 2, 14

Bread, 2h

76

250 mL

12

40

57

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

174

250 mL

11

2148 Milk, Full-fat + 20 g wheat bran (Italy)16


2149 Probiotic drink, pink grapefruit (UK)4

25

3511

Type 2, 14

Bread, 2h

76

250 mL

12

6018

86

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

250 mL

33

20

2150 Yoghurt, type NS (Canada)

364

51

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

200

2151 Yoghurt, Strawberry (Healthy Living Light, UK)4


2152 Yoghurt, low-fat, toffee (UK)4

4516

64

Normal, 9

Glucose, 2h

23

200

12

5118

73

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

23

200

29

15

11514

164

Type 2, 12

Glucose, 3h

175

50

10

2154 Apple, NS (Denmark)

28

4011

Type 2, 8

Bread, 3h

176

120

13

2155 Apple, Braeburn (New Zealand)4


2156 Apple, NS (Canada)

324

46

Type 2, IGT, 15

Glucose, 3h

177

120

13

34

48

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

120

16

2157 Apple, NS (USA)15


2158 Apple, NS (Italy)

40

57

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

174

120

16

44

633

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

178

120

13

363

514

120

14

2159 Apricots, raw, NS (Italy)

57

823

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

178

120

2160 Apricots, canned in light syrup (Riviera, Aliments

64

916

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

179

120

19

12

Toronto, Canada)
2129 Digestives, gluten-free (maize starch) (Nutricia
Dietary Care Ltd., Redish, Stockport, UK)
2130 Golden Fruit (Griffin's Foods Ltd.,
Auckland, New Zealand)
2131 Graham Wafers (Christie Brown & Co.,
Toronto, Canada)
2132 Highland Oatcakes (Walker's Shortbread Ltd.,
Aberlour-on-Spey, Scotland)
2133 Macaroons, prepared with coconut flour
(Philippines)

CRACKERS
2136 Breton wheat crackers (Dare Foods Ltd.,
Kitchener, Canada)
Rye crispbread

Poole, Dorset, UK)

DAIRY PRODUCTS AND ALTERNATIVES


Ice cream, Regular/NS

Milk, full-fat

Yoghurt

Soy-based dairy product alternatives


2153 Tofu-based frozen dessert, chocolate with
high-fructose (24%) corn syrup (USA)
FRUIT AND FRUIT PRODUCTS
Apples, raw

mean of five studies


Apricots

Caneast Foods, Montreal, Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

9
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

2161 Apricots, dried (Wasco foods, Montreal, Canada)

32

467

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

179

g
60

Banana, raw
2162 Banana (Canada)
2163 Banana (Israel)

46
496

66
70

Diabetic, number NS
Gestational DM, 9

Glucose, time NS
Glucose, 2h

142
150

120
120

25
25

12
12

2164 Banana (Italy)

58

833

Type 2, 8

Bread, 3h

178

120

23

13

2165 Banana (Canada)

58

837

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

120

25

15

2166 Banana, ripe (all yellow) (USA)15


2167 Banana, under-ripe (Denmark)7, 17

51

73

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

180

120

25

13

30

4310

Type 2, 10

Bread, 4h

181

120

21

2168 Banana, slightly under-ripe

42

60

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

180

120

25

11

(yellow with green sections) (USA)15


2169 Banana, over-ripe (yellow flecked with brown) (USA)15
2170 Banana, over-ripe (Denmark)7, 17

48

69

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

180

120

25

12

52

749

Type 2, 10

Bread, 4h

181

120

20

11

483

694

120

24

11

2171 Cherries, raw, sour (Canada)

22

32

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

120

12

2172 Chico (Zapota zapotilla coville), raw (Philippines)4


2173 Dates, dried (Australia)

40

57

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

182

120

29

12

10321

14730

Normal, 10

Bread, 2h

40

42

624

88

Gestational DM, 7

Glucose, 2h

UO18
150

60

2174 Dates, NS type (Israel)

60

33

21

2175 Fruit Cocktail, canned (Delmonte Canadian

55

795

Type 2, 8

Bread, 3h

179

120

16

25

36

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

120

11

2177 Grapes, NS (Canada)

43

62

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

120

17

2178 Grapes, NS (Italy)

49

703

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

178

120

19

2179 Kiwi fruit, Hayward (New Zealand)4


Mango, raw

474

68

Type 2 & IGT, 15

Glucose, 3h

177

120

12

2180 Mango (Mangifera indica ) (Philippines)4


2181 Mango, ripe (Mangifera indica ) (India)6

41

59

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

182

120

20

6016

86

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h12

75

120

15

2182 Oranges, NS (Denmark)

31

4413

Type 2, 8

Bread, 3h

176

120

11

2183 Orange, NS (Israel)

475

67

Gestational DM, 8

Glucose, 2h

150

120

12

2184 Oranges, NS (Italy)

48

682

Type 2, 8

Bread, 3h

178

120

11

2185 Oranges (Sunkist, Van Nuys, CA, USA)

48

6911

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

179

120

11

2186 Oranges NS (Canada)

51

73

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

120

11

454

645

120

11

60

86

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

182

120

15

6016

86

Normal, 12-15

Glucose, 3h12

75

120

29

17

2189 Peach, raw (Canada)

28

40

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

120

13

2190 Peach, raw (Italy)

56

803

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

178

120

2191 Peach, canned in light syrup (Delmonte,

52

747

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

179

120

18

2192 Pear, raw, NS (Canada)


2193 Pear, Winter Nellis, raw (New Zealand)4

33

47

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

120

13

344

49

Type 2, IGT, 15

Glucose, 3h

177

120

12

2194 Pear, Bartlett, raw (Canada)

41

587

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

179

120

2195 Pear, raw, NS (Italy)

42

602

Type 2, 8

Bread, 3h

178

120

11

382

543

120

11

44

636

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

179

120

11

2197 Pineapple (Ananas comosus), raw (Philippines)4


Plum, raw

51

73

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

182

120

16

2198 Plum, raw, NS (Canada)

24

34

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

120

14

2199 Plum, raw, NS (Italy)

53

753

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

178

120

11

2200 Raisins (Israel)

666

94

Gestational DM, 9

Glucose, 2h

150

60

43

28

41

59

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

174

250 mL

30

12

41

598

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

179

250 mL

30

12

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

mean of nine studies

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
30
10

Canners Ltd., Hamilton, Canada)


2176 Grapefruit, raw (Canada)
Grapes, raw

Oranges, raw

mean of five studies


Papaya/Paw paw, raw
2187 Papaya/Paw paw, raw (Carica papaya ) (Philippines)4
2188 Paw paw (papaya), ripe (India)6
Peach, raw

Canadian Canners Ltd., Canada)


Pear, raw

mean of four studies


2196 Pear, canned in pear juice, Bartlett (Delmonte,
Canadian Canners Ltd., Canada)

FRUIT JUICES
Apple juice
2201 Apple juice, unsweetened (USA)15
2202 Apple juice, unsweetened (Allens, Toronto, Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

10
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

48

695

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

179

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g
g/serve
250 mL
20
9

2204 Orange juice, reconstituted from

576

818

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

174

250 mL

26

15

frozen concentrate (USA)15


2205 Pineapple juice, unsweetened (Dole Packaged

46

663

Type 2, 13

Bread, 3h

179

250 mL

34

15

56

808

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

183

150

15

20

2814

Type 2, 14

Bread, 2h

76

150

30

50

715

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

150

30

15

298

41

Type 2, 21; Type 1, 8;

Glucose, 2h

184

150

20

Glucose, 2h

184

150

20

Glucose, 2h

184

150

20

Glucose, 2h

184

150

20

11

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

2203 Grapefruit juice, unsweetened

Serve
Size

(Sunpac, Toronto, Canada)

Foods, Toronto, Canada)


LEGUMES AND NUTS
2206 Baked beans, canned haricot/navy beans
in tomato sauce (Libby, McNeill & Libby,
Chatham, Canada)
2207 Beans, dried, boiled, type NS (Italy)16
2208 Blackeyed beans/peas (Cowpeas), boiled (Canada)
Butter Beans
2209 Butter beans, dried, soaked, cooked 1.25 h
(South Africa)
2210 Butter beans, dried, boiled + 5 g sucrose

and Normal, 11
302

43

(South Africa)
2211 Butter beans, dried, boiled + 10 g sucrose

and Normal, 11
312

44

(South Africa)
2212 Butter beans, dried, boiled + 15 g sucrose

Type 2, 21; Type 1, 8;


Type 2, 21; Type 1, 8;
and Normal, 11

544

77

(South Africa)

Type 2, 21; Type 1, 8;


and Normal, 11

Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans, Bengal gram), boiled


2213 Chickpeas, dried, boiled (Canada)

31

448

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

183

150

30

2214 Chickpeas (Canada)

33

479

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

149

150

30

10

2215 Chickpeas, canned in brine (Lancia-Bravo

42

607

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

183

150

22

41

587

Type 1 & 2, 7

Bread, 3h

137

150

16

29

415

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

155

150

33

2218 Haricot/Navy beans, dried, boiled (Canada)

30

435

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

183

150

30

2219 Haricot/Navy beans, pressure cooked at15 psi

59

8410

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

155

150

33

19

39

56

150

32

12

2220 Kidney beans (USA)4


2221 Kidney beans, dried, boiled (France)

23

33

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

138

150

25

231

33

Type 2, 3

Glucose, 3h

140

150

25

2222 Kidney beans, dried, boiled (Canada)

42

606

Type 2, 8

Bread, 3h

183

150

25

10

2223 Kidney beans (Canada)

46

667

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

149

150

25

11

346

489

150

25

52

748

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

183

150

17

2225 Lentils, type NS (USA)4


Lentils, green

28

40

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

138

150

18

2226 Lentils, green, dried, boiled (Canada)

22

315

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

183

150

18

2227 Lentils, green, dried, boiled (France)

3015

43

Type 2, 3

Glucose, 3h

140

150

18

2228 Lentils, green, canned in brine

52

745

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

183

150

17

2229 Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada)

18

25

Normal, 3

Bread, 1h

185

150

18

2230 Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada)

21

304

Type 2, 14

Bread, 3h

145

150

18

2231 Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada)

31

447

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

149

150

18

2232 Lentils, red, dried, boiled (Canada)

32

459

Type 1, 11

Bread, 3h

145

150

18

264

365

150

18

32

4613

Type 1 & 2, 5

Bread, 3h

137

150

30

10

31

44

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

138

150

19

Foods Ltd., Toronto, Canada)


2216 Chickpeas, curry, canned (Canasia Foods Ltd.,
Scarborough, Canada)
Haricot/Navy beans
2217 Haricot/Navy beans, pressure cooked at 15 psi
for 25 min (King Grains, Toronto, Canada)

for 25 min (King Grains, Canada)


mean of three studies
Kidney Beans

mean of four studies


2224 Kidney beans, canned (Lancia-Bravo
Foods Ltd., Canada)
Lentils

(Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada)


Lentils, red

mean of four studies


2233 Lima beans, baby, frozen, reheated in microwave
oven (York, Canada Packers, Toronto, Canada)
2234 Marrowfat peas, dried, boiled (USA)4

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

11
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

22

32

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

51

g
150

2236 Pinto beans, dried, boiled (Canada)

39

556

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

183

150

26

10

2237 Pinto beans, canned in brine

45

646

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

183

150

22

10

2238 Romano beans (Canada)

46

657

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

150

18

2239 Split peas, yellow, boiled 20 min

32

454

Type 1 & 2, 8

Bread, 3h

137

150

19

534

76

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

44

23

599

84

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

36

21

7317

104

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

32

250 mL

36

26

898

127

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

12

250 mL

45

40

5816

83

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

12

250 mL

10

788

112

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

35

27

2246 Fish Fingers (Canada)

386

54

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

100

19

2247 Kugel (Polish dish containing egg noodles, sugar,

656

93

Type 2, 7; Normal, 7

Glucose, 3h12

186

150

48

31

2248 Pizza, cheese (Pillsbury Canada Ltd., Toronto, Canada)

60

865

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

100

27

16

2249 Pizza, plain baked dough, served with parmesan

80

11414

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

151

100

27

22

286

40

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

100

7317

104

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

90

360

75

55

27

38

Type 2, 16

Glucose, 3h12

164

440

50

14

22

32

Type 2, 14

Glucose, 3h12

164

440

50

11

5916

84

Normal, 9

Glucose, 3h

10

100

42

25

2255 White bread with butter (Canada)

59

8410

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

155

100

48

28

2256 White bread with Haricot/navy beans (Canada)

42

608

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

155

100

29

12

2257 White bread with Haricot/navy beans (Canada)

54

777

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

155

100

29

16

2258 White bread with butter and skim milk cheese

62

899

Type 2, 5

Bread, 3h

155

100

38

23

2259 White bread with skim milk cheese (Canada)

55

7910

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

155

100

47

26

2260 White/wholemeal wheat bread with

51

736

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

155

100

44

23

67

959

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

155

100

44

29

5016

72

Normal, 9

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

31

15

7510

107

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

250 mL

44

33

2264 Nutridrink enteral formula

6119

87

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

46

28

(Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)4


2265 Nutridrink Multi Fibre enteral formula

5319

76

Normal, 10

Glucose, 3h

96

250 mL

46

24

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

2235 Peas, dried, boiled (Australia)

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
9
2

Pinto beans

(Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada)

(Nupack, Mississauga, Canada)


MEAL REPLACEMENT & WEIGHT
MANAGEMENT PRODUCTS
2240 Boost, vanilla flavor (Mead Johnson,
Evansville, Ind, USA)
2241 Boost High-Protein, vanilla flavor (Mead Johnson,
Evansville, Ind, USA)
2242 Chocolate soya weight management drink (UK)16
2243 GatorPro, chocolate flavor (Gatorade,
Chicago, IL, USA)
2244 Met-RX , vanilla (Met-RX substrate
Technology Inc., Irvine, CA, USA)
2245 Optifuel (Twin Laboratories Inc,
Ronkonkowa, NY, USA)
MIXED MEALS AND CONVENIENCE FOODS

cheese and raisins) (Israel)


Pizza

cheese and tomato sauce (Italy)


2250 Sausages, NS type (Canada)
2251 Stirfried vegetables with chicken and boiled
white rice, home made (Australia)
2252 White boiled rice, grilled beefburger,
cheese, and butter (France)
2253 White boiled rice, grilled beefburger,
cheese and butter (France)
White bread with accompaniments
2254 Classic French Baguette with 10 g butter and
2 slices of ham (25 g) (France)

(Canada)

peanut butter (Canada)


2261 White/wholemeal wheat bread with
peanut butter (Canada)
NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT PRODUCTS
2262 Biosorb drink, standard (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)4
2263 Ensure, vanilla flavor (Abbott Laboratories,
Columbus, Ohio, USA)

(Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)4

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

12
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

NUTS
Peanuts
2266 Peanuts (Canada)4
2267 Peanuts (Mexico)4

136

19

Normal, 5

33

50

23

3317

Normal, 21; Type 2, 27 Bread, 3h

Glucose, 2h

187

50

2268 Capellini (Primo Foods Ltd., Toronto, Canada)

45

648

Type 1 & 2, 8

Bread, 3h

137

180

45

20

2269 Instant noodles (Mr Noodle, Vancouver, Canada)

47

678

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

180

40

19

26

376

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

180

45

12

2271 Mung bean noodles, boiled (Thailand)

45

64

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

167

180

45

20

2272 Imitation mung bean noodles, boiled (Thailand)

51

73

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

167

45

648

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

188

180

49

22

2274 Macaroni, plain, boiled (Turkey)

48

69

Type 2, 52; Type 1, 31 Glucose, 2h

152

180

49

23

2275 Macaroni, boiled (Italy)7


mean of three studies

56

80

Type 1, 12

189

180

48

27

50

71

180

48

24

2276 Macaroni and Cheese, boxed (Kraft General

64

925

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

180

51

33

45

647

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

73

46

667

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

73

58

835

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

180

39

23

59

8413

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

190

180

48

28

27

384

Type 1& 2, 13

Bread, 3h

188

180

52

14

2282 Boiled 5 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada)

32

456

Type 1& 2, 13

Bread, 3h

188

180

48

15

2283 Boiled 5 min (Canada)

34

497

Type 2, 11

Bread, 3h

145

180

48

16

2284 Boiled 5 min (Canada)

40

578

Type 1, 6

Bread, 3h

188

180

48

19

2285 Boiled 5 min (Middle East)

44

639

Type 1, 7

Bread, 3h

145

180

48

21

383

544

180

48

18

2286 White, durum wheat, boiled 12 min (Denmark)

34

497

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

190

180

48

16

2287 Boiled 15 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada)

32

465

Type 1& 2, 13

Bread, 3h

188

180

48

15

2288 Boiled 15 min (Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada)

36

527

Type 2, 7

Bread, 3h

145

180

48

17

2289 Boiled 15 min (Canada)

41

5911

Type 1, 4

Bread, 3h

145

180

48

20

362

523

180

48

17

6415

91

Type 2, 3

Glucose, 3h

140

180

43

27

2291 White (Denmark)

33

479

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

191

180

48

16

2292 White, durum wheat (Catelli Ltd, Montreal, Canada)5


2293 White (Australia)5

34

485

Type 2, 9

Bread, 3h

154

180

48

16

38

5413

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

157

180

44

17

2294 White (Israel)

427

60

Gestational DM, 7

Glucose, 2h

150

180

48

20

2295 White (Canada)

42

609

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

180

48

20

2296 White (Italy)


2297 White (Canada)

42
45

59
646

Type 2, 7
Type 2, 7

Bread, 5h
Bread, 2h

192
193

180
180

46
48

19
22

2298 White (Canada)

48

68

Diabetic, number NS

Glucose, time NS

142

180

48

23

412

583

180

47

19

32

467

Type 2, 10

Bread, 3h

157

180

44

14

38

546

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

188

180

48

18

PASTA and NOODLES

Mung bean noodles


2270 Lungkow beanthread noodles (National Cereals,
Oils & Foodstuffs, Qingdao & Guangdong, China)

Macaroni
2273 Macaroni, plain, boiled 5 min
(Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada)
Bread, 4h

Foods Inc., Don Mills, Ontario, Canada)


Rice noodles/pasta
2277 Rice noodles made from IR42 (high amylose)
rice flour, boiled for 22 min (Philippines)
2278 Rice noodles made from IR42 (high amylose)
rice flour, boiled for 22 min (Philippines)
2279 Rice vermicelli, Kongmoon (National Cereals,
Oils & Foodstuffs, China)
Spaghetti
2280 Spaghetti, homemade, durum wheat,
no monoglyceride, boiled 6 min (Denmark)
2281 Spaghetti, protein enriched, boiled 7 min
(Catelli Plus, Catelli Ltd., Montreal, Canada)
Spaghetti, white, boiled 5 min

mean of four studies


Spaghetti, white or type NS, boiled 10-15 min

mean of four studies


2290 Spaghetti, Durum wheat, boiled 20 min (USA)
Spaghetti, white, boiled

mean of eight studies


2299 Spaghetti, wholemeal, boiled (Australia)5
2300 Star Pastina, white, boiled 5 min
(Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd., Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

13
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

2301 Tortellini, cheese (Stouffer, Nestl, Don Mills, Canada)

50

715

Type 1 & 2, 8

Bread, 3h

137

g
180

2302 Wheat (egg) noodles, boiled (Thailand)

57

82

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

167

2303 Brownies, containing coconut flour (Philippines)

43

616

Type 2, 10

Bread, 2h

2304 Burger Rings, barbeque-flavored (Smith's Snack

9016

129

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

54

774

Type 2, 10

Bread, 2h

2306 Chocolate, milk, plain, low-sugar

3516

50

Normal, 8

with maltitol (Belgium)4


2307 Corn chips, Nachips

74

1068

2308 Granola bar, containing coconut flour (Philippines)

50

2309 Juicy cereal bar (Stavnata Tycinka FIT,

8516

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
21
10

SNACK FOODS AND CONFECTIONERY


2

50

27

12

UO18

50

31

28

50

23

12

Glucose, 3h

104

50

22

Type 1 & 2, 9

Glucose, 2h

137

50

29

21

725

Type 2, 10

Bread, 2h

50

20

10

122

Normal, 11

Glucose, 2h

162

30

20

17

1016

144

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

65

49

49

7412

106

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

65

33

24

8311

119

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

65

45

37

8112

116

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

139

65

28

23

64

929

Type 1 & 2, 6

Bread, 3h

137

250

27

17

66

947

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

250

41

27

2316 Lentil, canned (Unico, Concord, Canada)

44

636

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

250

21

2317 Noodle soup (traditional Turkish soup

Normal, 31;

Glucose, 2h

152

250

Food Co, Chatswood, NSW, Australia)


2305 Chocolate crinkles, containing coconut flour
(Philippines)

(Old El Paso Foods Co., Canada)

Usovsko, Czech Republic)


SPORTS (ENERGY) BARS
2310 Clif bar, Cookies & Cream flavor
(Clif Bar Inc, Berkeley, CA, USA)
2311 MET-Rx Bar, vanilla flavor
(Met-Rx Sibstrate Technology Inc, Irvine, CA, USA)
2312 Power bar, chocolate (Powerfood Inc,
Berkeley, CA, USA)
2313 PR-bar, Cookies 'N Cream flavor
(Twin Laboratories Inc, Ronkonkowa, NY, USA)
SOUPS
2314 Black Bean soup (Wil-Pack Foods,
San Pedro, CA, USA)
2315 Green Pea, canned (Campbell Soup Co Ltd.,
Toronto, Canada)

with stock and noodles)

Type 2, 52

2318 Split Pea (Wil-Pak Foods, USA)

60

8612

Type 1 & 2, 5

Bread, 3h

137

250

27

16

2319 Tarhana soup (traditional Turkish soup with

20

29

Normal, 31;

Glucose, 2h

152

33

250

17

wheat flour, yoghurt, tomato, peppers)


2320 Tomato soup (Canada)

Type 2, 52
389

54

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

2321 50 g portion

205

29

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

10

10

2322 50 g portion

21

30

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

10

10

2323 50 g portion (Sigma Chemical Company,

24

34

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

174

10

10

25

3512

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

161

10

10

231

321

10

10

2325 50 g portion (dextrose)5


2326 25 g portion, fed with oats19

85

121

Type 2, 20

Bread, 3h

163

10

10

92

13113

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

161

10

10

2327 50 g portion5
2328 50 g portion

93

132

Type 2, 5; IGT, 6

Bread, 3h

148

10

10

96

137

Diabetic, number NS

Glucose, time NS

142

10

10

10

922

1303

10

10

2329 25 g glucose (Glucodex solution, Rougier Inc.,

78

112

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 2h

110

10

10

Chambly, Quebec) with 3 g dried ginseng4, 11


2330 25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min

80

115

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 2h

110

10

10

SUGARS, SYRUPS, AND SUGAR ALCOHOLS


Fructose

St. Louis, MO, USA)15


2324 25 g portion, fed with oats19
mean of four studies
Glucose

mean of four studies


Glucose consumed with American ginseng
(Panax quinquefolius L. )

after 3 g dried ginseng4, 11

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

14
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

1035

147

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

194

g
10

55

79

Type 2, 16

Glucose, 3h12

164

250

35

19

57

81

Type 2, 14

Glucose, 3h12

164

250

35

20

80

114

Type 2, 12

Glucose, 2h

160

10

10

2335 Locust honey (Romania)4, 11


Lactose

32

46

Type 2, 32

Glucose, 2h

195

25

21

2336 50 g portion (Sigma Chemical Company, USA)15


2337 25 g portion, fed with oats19

43

61

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

174

10

10

48

6910

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

161

10

10

2338 50 g portion (Sigma Chemical Company, USA)15


2339 50 g portion

58

83

Type 2, 7

Glucose, 5h

174

10

10

5910

84

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

10

10

2340 50 g portion

60

86

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

147

10

10

2341 25 g portion, fed with oats19


2342 30 g portion16

64

9118

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

161

10

10

82

11722

Type 2, 14

Bread, 2h

76

10

10

2343 25 g portion4
mean of six studies

11021

157

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

104

10

10

11

728

10312

10

10

21

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO18

10

10

323

46

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO18

10

10

-17

-1

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

196

10

10

31

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO18

10

10

72

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO18

10

10

42

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO18

10

10

4710

67

Normal, 6

Glucose, 3h

197

10

10

256

36

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h

197

10

10

26

32

Normal, 16

Glucose, 2h

114

10

10

3012

43

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

104

10

10

Vilvoorde, Belgium)22
2354 25 g Maltidex 100 (> 72% maltitol)

4411

63

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

104

10

10

(Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium)22


2355 Maltitol and Sucrose mixture (25 g Maltitol +

46

66

Normal, 19

Glucose, 2h

114

10

10

25 g Sucrose) (Japan)21
2356 25 g Malbit CH (99% maltitol)

7329

104

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

104

10

10

(Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium)22


2357 25 g Maltidex 200 (50% maltitol)

8928

127

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

104

10

10

(Cerestar, Vilvoorde, Belgium)22


2358 Tagatose sugar replacement, Gaio

31

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO18

10

10

77

10

Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h

196

10

10

82

12

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

UO18

10

10

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

2331 100 g Glucose + 20 g cellulose20


(CSIR Biochemical Unit, New Delhi, India)

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
10
10

Glucose consumed with a mixed meal


2332 30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger,
30 g cheese, 10 g butter (total meal contained
50 g carbohydrate) (France)
2333 30 g glucose with 150 g grilled beefburger,
30 g cheese, 10 g butter (total meal contained
50 g carbohydrate) (France)
2334 25 g glucose with 30 g oat bran flour (Natureal
GI-flour, Finn Cereal, Vantaa, Finland)4

Sucrose

Sugar alcohols and sugar-replacement compounds GI values based on the assumption that their
carbohydrate is available
2344 Isomalt (Sudzucker AG, Mannheim, Germany)21
2345 Isomaltulose, Palatinose
(Sudzucker AG, Mannheim, Germany)21
Lactitol
2346 25 g lactitol5, 22
2347 25 g lactitol MC (Danisco sweeteners, Surrey, UK)22
Litesse
2348 25 g Litesse II, bulking agent with polydextrose and
22

sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK)


2349 25 g Litesse III ultra, bulking agent with polydextrose
and sorbitol (Danisco Sweeteners, UK)22
2350 Lycasin HBC, syrup containing 50-55% maltitol,
5-8% sorbitol and 35-40% hydrogenated
oligo-scaccharides (lab 2212, Roquette, France)21
2351 Lycasin HBC, syrup containing 50-55% maltitol,
5-8% sorbitol and 35-40% hydrogenated
oligo-scaccharides (lab 2212, Roquette, France)21
Maltitol-based sweeteners or bulking agents
2352 Maltitol, 50 g portion (Japan)21
2353 25 g Malbit CR (87% maltitol) (Cerestar,

(Arla Foods, Germany)21


Xylitol
2359 25 g xylitol22
2360 25 g Xylitol C (Danisco Sweeteners, UK)22

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

15
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

VEGETABLES
2361 Broad beans (Canada)4
Green peas

7916

113

Normal, 6

Glucose, 2h

33

80

11

2362 Pea, cooked (Israel)

354

50

Gestational DM, 8

Glucose, 2h

150

80

15

2363 Pea, frozen, boiled (Canada)4


Sweet corn

39

55

Type 2, number NS

Glucose, time NS

142

80

2364 Sweet corn, cooked (Israel)

527

74

Gestational DM, 8

Glucose, 2h

150

150

33

17

2365 Sweet corn (Canada)

5911

84

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

80

18

11

2366 Sweet corn, boiled (USA)5


mean of three studies

60

85

Type 2, 5; IGT, 6

Bread, 3h

148

80

18

11

57

81

80

23

13

2367 Sweet corn, whole kernel, diet-pack, Featherweight,

46

66

Type 2, 20

Bread, 3h

163

80

14

canned, drained, heated (USA)5


2368 Sweet corn, frozen, heated in microwave (Green

47

674

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

80

15

2369 Beetroot (Canada)4


Carrots

6416

91

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

80

2370 Carrots, raw (Romania)4, 11


2371 Carrots, NS (Canada)4

16

23

Type 2, 30

Glucose, 2h

195

80

9220

131

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

80

2372 Carrots, peeled, boiled, ground to smooth paste

6017

86

Normal, 7

Glucose, 2h

51

80

2373 Cassava, boiled, with salt (Kenya, Africa)

46

6512

Type 2, 14

Bread, 2.5h

156

100

27

12

2374 Parsnips (Canada)4


Potato

9719

139

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

80

12

12

60

854

Type 1 & 2, 16

Bread, 3h

137

150

30

18

2376 Russet, baked without fat (Canada)

56

805

Diabetic, 7

Bread, time NS

198

150

30

17

2377 Russet, baked without fat, 45-60 min (USA)5


2378 Russet, baked without fat (USA)5

78

112

Type 2, 20

Bread, 3h

163

150

30

23

94

134

Type 2, 5; IGT, 6

Bread, 3h

148

150

30

28

76

109

150

30

23

7717

110

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

118

150

17

13

9416

134

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

118

150

29

27

2381 Nardine, boiled (New Zealand)

7017

100

Normal, 8

Glucose, 2h

29

150

25

18

2382 Ontario, white, peeled, cut into cubes, boiled in

58

835

Type 1 & 2, 16

Bread, 3h

137

150

27

16

63

907

Type 1 & 2, 12

Bread, 3h

137

150

18

11

2384 Type NS (Kenya, Africa)

24

349

Type 2, 14

Bread, 2.5h

156

150

28

2385 White, cooked (Romania)4, 11


2386 Potatoes (Germany)

41

59

Type 2, 30

Glucose, 2h

195

150

30

12

49

70

Diabetic, NS

Glucose, NS

147

150

30

15

2387 White, boiled (Canada)

54

778

Diabetic, 7

Bread, time NS

198

150

27

15

2388 Type NS, boiled 19 min (Denmark)

56

809

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

191

150

19

11

2389 Potatoes, white (Italy)


2390 Type NS, peeled, boiled (Lebanon)

61
85

88
12218

Type 2, 7
Normal, 5, IR, 4

Bread, 5h
Bread, 3h

192
199

150
150

26
30

16
26

537

7610

150

27

14

54

7812

Normal, 5, IR, 4

Bread, 3h

199

150

30

16

61

878

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

150

18

11

75

1076

Type 1 & 2, 6

Bread, 3h

137

150

29

22

Giant, Pillsbury Canada Ltd., Toronto, Canada)


Root vegetables

(Australia)

Baked potato
2375 Ontario, white, baked in skin (Canada)
Baked, Russet Burbank potatoes

mean of three studies


Boiled potato
2379 Desiree, peeled, quartered, boiled 15 min in
unsalted water (UK)
2380 Maris Peer potato, peeled, quartered, boiled 15 min
in unsalted water (UK)

salted water 15 min (Canada)


2383 Prince Edward Island, peeled, cubed, boiled in
salted water 15 min (Canada)
Boiled/cooked, white/Type NS

mean of seven studies


Boiled potato cooked then cooled
2391 Type NS, peeled, boiled and then cooled to 26oC
(Lebanon)
Canned potatoes
2392 Prince Edward Island, canned, heated in microwave
(Avon, Cobi Foods Inc., Port Williams, Canada)
French Fries
2393 French fries, frozen, reheated in microwave
(Cavendish Farms, New Annan, Canada)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

16
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size
g

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve

Instant Mashed potato


2394 Instant (France)

7412

106

Type 2, 3

Glucose, 3h

140

150

20

15

2395 Instant (Carnation Foods Co. Ltd., Manitoba, Canada)

86

1235

Type 1 & 2, 16

Bread, 3h

137

150

20

17

2396 Instant (Canada)

88

1266

Diabetic, 7

Bread, time NS

198

150

20

18

2397 Instant (UK)

9516

136

Normal, 10

Glucose, 2h

14

150

18

17

864

1236

150

20

17

2398 Type NS (Canada)

67

967

Diabetic, 7

Bread, time NS

198

150

20

13

2399 Ontario, white, peeled, cubed, boiled 15 min,

73

1045

Type 1 & 2, 14

Bread, 3h

137

150

27

20

73

1044

Type 1 & 2, 14

Bread, 3h

137

150

18

13

71

101

150

22

15

2401 Type NS, microwaved (USA)4


New Potato

82

117

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 3h

138

150

33

27

2402 New (Canada)

47

67

Diabetic, number NS

Glucose, time NS

142

150

21

10

2403 New (Canada)

54

7711

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

149

150

21

11

52

7412

Type 2, 8

Bread, 3h

151

150

45

23

2405 Sweet potato, NS (Canada)

486

69

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

150

34

16

2406 Sweet potato, peeled, cubed, boiled in salted water

59

845

Type 1 & 2, 13

Bread, 3h

137

150

30

18

786

111

Type 2, 14

Glucose, 2h

29

150

25

20

62

88

150

30

19

2408 Swede (rutabaga) (Canada)4


Tapioca

728

103

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

150

10

2409 Tapioca boiled with milk (General Mills Canada Inc.,

81

1159

Type 1 & 2, 10

Bread, 3h

137

250

18

14

2410 Tapioca, boiled (India)6


Yam

932

133

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

200

250

18

17

2411 Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand)

254

36

Type 2, 13

Glucose, 2h

29

150

36

2412 Yam (Canada)

5112

73

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

33

150

36

18

2413 Cassava, boiled, with salt (Kenya)

46

6512

Type 2, 14

Bread, 2.5h

36

100

27

12

2414 Ga Kenkey, prepared from fermented cornmeal

446

62

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 2h24

201

150

41

18

(Zea mays ) (Ghana)23


2415 Gari, roasted cassava dough (Manihot utilissima)

493

70

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 2h24

201

100

27

13

2416 Green plantain (musa paradisiaca ), boiled (Ghana)23


2417 Maize meal porridge/gruel (Kenya)

415

58

Type 2, 9

120 (raw)

37

15

15615

Type 2, 13

Glucose, 2h24
Bread, 2.5h

201

109

36

50 (dry)

38

41

2418 Millet flour porridge/gruel (Kenya)

107

15314

Type 2, 13

Bread, 2.5h

36

2419 White rice (Oryza sativa), boiled (Ghana)23


2420 White yam (Dyscoria species) (Ghana)23

406

57

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 2h24

201

150

42

17

657

93

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 2h24

201

150

40

26

2421 Kibbeh saynieh (made with lamb and burghul)

6116

87

Normal, 12

Glucose, 2h

124

120

15

2422 Majadra (Syrian, lentils and rice)

245

34

Type 2, 9; Normal, 9

186

250

41

10

2423 Middle Eastern flatbread

9729

139

Normal, 12

Glucose, 3h12
Glucose, 2h

124

30

17

16

2424 Moroccan Couscous (stew of semolina,

589

83

Type 2, 8; Normal, 8

Glucose, 3h12

186

250

29

17

20

29

Type 2, 52; Normal, 31 Glucose, 2h

152

87

124

Type 2, 52; Normal, 31 Glucose, 2h

152

30

17

15

mean of four studies


Mashed potato

mashed (Canada)
2400 Prince Edward Island, peeled, cubed, boiled 15 min
mashed (Canada)
mean of three studies
Microwaved potato

Steamed potato
2404 Potato dumplings (60% white potatoes, 40% white
wheat flour, boiled in salted water), consumed with
olive oil, tomato sauce and parmesan cheese (Italy)
Sweet potato

15 min (Canada)
2407 Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand)
mean of three studies
Swede

Etobicoke, Canada)

INDIGENOUS OR TRADITIONAL FOODS


OF DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS
AFRICAN

23

(Ghana)

ARABIC AND TURKISH

chickpeas, vegetables)
2425 Tarhana soup (wheat flour, yoghurt,
tomato, green pepper)
2426 Turkish bread, white wheat flour

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

17
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

2427 Turkish bread, whole wheat

49

70

Type 2, 52; Normal, 31 Glucose, 2h

152

g
30

2428 Turkish noodle soup

Type 2, 52; Normal, 31 Glucose, 2h

152

250

26

376

Type 1 & 2, 9

Bread, 3h

137

180

45

12

58
7317

835
104

Type 1 & 2, 9
Normal, 8

Bread, 3h
Glucose, 2h

137
90

180
360

39
75

23
55

9719

139

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

30

19

18

904

129

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

200

250

64

58

5513

79

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

202

75 (dry)

50

28

2435 Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum)

67

96

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

64

75 (dry)

50

34

2436 Barley (Hordeum vulgare)

37

53

Type 2, 6

Bread, 3h

64

150

37

14

6610

94

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

60

30

20

7620

108

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

60

30

23

2439 Chapatti, baisen (Pakistan)

27

39

Type 2, 11

67

96

Type 2, 14

Wheat chapatti13, 3h
Bread, 3h

165

2440 Chapatti, bajra (Pennisetum typhoideum)

64

2441 Chapatti, barley

37

53

Type 2, 14

Bread, 3h

64

2442 Chapatti, maize (Zea mays )

64

92

Type 2, 14

Bread, 3h

64

2443 Chapatti, wheat, served with bottle gourd

669

94

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

60

32

21

814

116

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 2h

126

200

50

41

354

50

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

203

100

20

316

44

Type 2, 5

Glucose, 2.5h

203

150

30

773

110

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 2h

126

150

39

30

576

81

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

202

80 (dry)

50

29

2449 Green gram dhal with varagu, pressure cooked

7812

111

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

202

78 (dry)

50

39

2450 Idiappam (steamed rice flour dough with

864

123

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

200

250

61

52

tender coconut) eaten with Bengal gram curry6


2451 Idli (parboiled and raw rice + black dhal, soaked,

772

110

Type 2, 10

Glucose, 2h

126

250

52

40

778

110

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

202

70 (dry)

50

39

244

34

Normal, 5 females

Glucose, 2h

203

50

31

294

41

Type 2, 5 males

Glucose, 2h

203

50

31

84

120

Type 2, 20

Glucose, 2h

172

70 (dry)

50

42

10413

149

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

202

70 (dry)

50

52

903

129

Type 2, 10

Glucose, 2h

126

250

52

47

822

117

Type 2, 8

Glucose, 2h

126

150

41

34

794

113

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

200

250

74

58

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

ASIAN
2429 Lungkow beanthread (National Cereals,
Oils & Foodstuffs, Qingdao & Guangdong, China)
2430 Rice vermicelli, Kongmoon (National Cereals, China)
2431 Stirfried vegetables, chicken and rice,
home made (Australia)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
16
8

ASIAN INDIAN
2432 Amaranth (Amaranthus esculentum ), popped,
eaten with milk and non-nutritive sweetener
2433 Appam (thin pancake made from fermented
rice flour batter with tender coconut)
eaten with Bengal gram curry6
2434 Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum), eaten as
roasted bread made from bajra flour

Chapatti
2437 Chapatti, amaranth-wheat (25:75) composite flour,
served with bottle gourd and tomato curry
2438 Chapatti, amaranth-wheat (50:50) composite flour,
served with bottle gourd amd tomato curry

and tomato curry


2444 Chapatti, wheat flour, thin, with green gram
(Phaseolus aureus) dhal
2445 Dhokla, leavened, fermented, steamed cake;
dehusked chickpea and wheat semolina
2446 Dhokla, leavened, fermented, steamed cake;
dehusked chickpea and wheat semolina
2447 Dosai (parboiled and raw rice, soaked, ground,
fermented and fried) with chutney
2448 Green gram, whole with varagu
(Paspalum scorbiculatum ), pressure cooked

ground, fermented, steamed) with chutney


2452 Jowar, roasted bread made from Jowar flour
(Sorghum vulgare)
2453 Laddu (popped amaranth, foxtail millet, roasted
legume powder, fenugreek seeds) in hot sweet syrup
2454 Laddu (popped amaranth, foxtail millet, roasted
legume powder, fenugreek seeds) in hot sweet syrup
2455 Millet/Ragi (Eleucine coracana)6
2456 Millet/Ragi (Eleucine coracana) flour eaten
as roasted bread
2457 Pongal (rice and roasted green gram dhal,
pressure cooked)
2458 Poori (deep-fried wheat flour dough) with
potato palya (mashed potato)
2459 Puttu (rice flour, steamed with tender coconut)
eaten with Bengal gram curry6

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

18
Food Number and Item

GI2

GI2

Subjects
(type & number)

Reference food
& time period

Ref.

6915

99

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 3h8

158

g
150

2461 Semolina (Triticum aestivum), steamed

559

79

Type 2, 30

Glucose, 2h25

173

67 (dry)

50

28

2462 Semolina (Triticum aestivum), pre-roasted

766

109

Type 2, 30

Glucose, 2h25

173

67 (dry)

50

38

2463 Semolina (Triticum aestivum) with fermented black

4612

66

Type 2, 30

Glucose, 2h25

173

71 (dry)

50

23

6220

89

Type 2, 30

Glucose, 2h25

173

71 (dry)

50

31

547

77

Type 2, 30

Glucose, 2h25

173

71 (dry)

50

27

688

97

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

202

76 (dry)

50

34

2467 Upittu (roasted semolina and onions, cooked in water)

673

96

Type 2, 12

Glucose, 2h

126

150

42

28

2468 Uppuma kedgeree (millet, legumes, fenugreek seeds;

183

25

Normal, 5

Glucose, 2h

203

150

33

193

28

Type 2, 5

Glucose, 2h

203

150

33

688

97

Type 2, 6

Glucose, 2h

202

76 (dry)

50

34

6110

87

Type 2, 9; Normal, 9

Glucose, 3h12

186

115

53

32

2472 Melawach

717

101

Type 2, 14

Glucose, 3h12

204

115

53

38

2473 Melawach + 15 g locust bean (Ceratonia siliqua)

316

44

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 3h12

204

130

53

16

2474 Melawach + 15 g maize cob fiber (insoluble)

5910

84

Type 2, 9

Glucose, 3h12

204

130

53

31

2475 Melawach + 15 g lupin (Lupinus albus ) fiber

7210

103

Type 2, 10

Glucose, 3h12

204

130

53

38

2476 Sweet potato, kumara (New Zealand)

786

111

Type 2, 14

Glucose, 2h

29

150

25

20

2477 Yam, peeled, boiled (New Zealand)

254

36

Type 2, 13

Glucose, 2h

29

150

36

253

36

Normal, 4

Glucose, 2h

129

60

2479 Black Beans

30

4317

Type 2, 27; Normal, 21 Bread, 3h

187

150

23

2480 Brown beans

38

5415

Type 2, 27; Normal, 21 Bread, 3h

187

150

25

2481 Burrito (made from scrambled eggs, tomato, onions,

374

536

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

205

293

415

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

205

519

7112

Type 2, 11

Bread, 2h

205

358

5011

Type 2, 11

Bread, 2h

205

2485 Nopales (prickly pear cactus)

1017

Type 2, 27; Normal, 21 Bread, 3h

187

100

2486 Quesadillas (made from low-fat cheese, avocado,

363

505

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

205

254

355

Type 2, 9

Bread, 2h

205

(Glucose (Bread
= 100)
= 100)

2460 Rice (Oryza Sativa ), boiled served with bottle gourd

Serve
Size

Avail. GL3
carbo- per
hydrate serve
g/serve
38
26

and tomato curry


Semolina

gram dhal (Phaseolus mungo )


2464 Semolina (Triticum aestivum) with fermented
green gram dhal (Phaseolus aureus)
2465 Semolina (Triticum aestivum) with fermented
bengal gram dhal (Cicer arietum)
2466 Varagu (Paspalum scorbiculatum ), pressure cooked
15lb 12-15 min

roasted and cooked in water)


2469 Uppuma kedgeree (millet, legumes, fenugreek seeds;
roasted and cooked in water)
2470 Varagu (Paspalum scorbiculatum ), pressure cooked
15lb 12-15 min
ISRAELI
2471 Melawach (dough made from white wheat flour
and butter, fried)

fiber (soluble)

PACIFIC ISLANDERS

PIMA INDIAN
2478 Mesquite cakes (Prosopis velutina)4
SOUTH AMERICAN

vegeatble oil, boiled pinto beans and flour tortilla)


2482 Burrito (made from scrambled eggs, tomato, onions,
vegeatble oil, boiled pinto beans and flour tortilla)
consumed with nopales (prickly pear cactus)
2483 Chilaquiles (casserole made from corn tortilla,
vegetable oil, tomato sauce, cheese, boiled pinto beans)
2484 Chilaquiles (casserole made from corn tortilla,
vegetable oil, tomato sauce, cheese, boiled pinto beans),
consumed with nopales (prickly pear cactus)

boiled pinto beans and flour tortilla)


2487 Quesadillas (made from low-fat cheese, avocado,
boiled pinto beans and flour tortilla) consumed with
nopales (prickly pear cactus)

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).

19
Footnotes for Table 2.
1.

NS, not specified; AUC, area under the curve. Serving sizes in grams unless otherwise specified.

2.

Mean SEM. Two GI values are shown for each food one in which glucose sugar was used as the reference food and one in which white bread
was used as the reference food.

3.

Estimated by multiplying the foods listed GI value with glucose as the reference food by the listed g carbohydrate per serving and dividing by 100.

4.

Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 25 g carbohydrate.

5.

GI calculated from the 180 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula.

6.

Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 75 g carbohydrate.

7.

GI calculated from the 240 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula.

8.

GI value included in original article determined from AUC measured over 3 h for only 4 time points (0, 1, 2, and 3 h).

9.

GI corrected for added milk and adjusted to represent a 50 g carbohydrate portion size.

10. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 12.5 g carbohydrate.
11. GI calculated from the 120 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula.
12. GI value included in original article determined from AUC measured over 3 h for only 5 time points (0, 30, 60, 120 and 180 min).
13. Wheat chapatti was used as the reference food and given a GI of 100. The GI of the test food was measured by expressing the glucose AUC value
for the test food as a percentage of the AUC value for wheat chapatti.
14. M Champ (INRA, France) and V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company, France), unpublished observations, 1998.
15. GI calculated from the 300 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula.
16. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 30 g carbohydrate.
17. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 20 g carbohydrate.
18. Sydney Universitys Glycemic Index Research Service (Human Nutrition Unit, University of Sydney, Australia), unpublished observations, 1995-2007.
19. GI for sugars calculated from the glycemic response for a meal of sugar and rolled oats minus the glycemic response for the oats alone.
20. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 100 g carbohydrate.
21. Total weight of the test food was 50 g, whereas the reference food contained 50 g available carbohydrate. The carbohydrate content of the test food
was assumed to be 100% available, which may be an overestimation.
22. Total weight of the test food was 25 g, whereas the reference food contained 25 g available carbohydrate. The carbohydrate content of the test food was assumed
to be 100% available, which may be an overestimation.
23. Eaten as part of a mixed meal with fish, tomato, and onion sauce.
24. GI value included in original article determined from AUC measured over 2 h for only 5 time points (0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min).
25. GI value included in original article determined from AUC measured over 2 h for only 4 time points (0, 30, 60 and 120 min).

Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC. International Tables of Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Values: 2008. Diab
Care 2008; 31(12).