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Estructura de contenidos
1. INTRODUCTION........................................................................ 3
2. FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS...................................................... 5
2.1

What is an Instruction?.......................................................... 6

2.2

2.3

2.4

## HOW TO MAKE A SANDWICH:........................................................ 11

2.5 What goes first Sunday or Friday?............................................. 11

DO YOU
FOLLOW

INSTRUCTIONS?

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Mapa conceptual
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## SENA - Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje

1. INTRODUCTION
To understand the logics concepts, it is necessary to learn how to read
and write good instructions.
When you get up every day, you unconsciously follow a series of steps
without thinking too much on them; for example:

1.

## First, You wake up at 6:00 am

2.

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3.

## Then, You take a shower

4.
After that, You have breakfast

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5.
Finally, You get to work or study
When you are not clear enough with your instructions, others will not be
able to understand and follow the instructions either. Therefore, like in
daily activities, every step has a process that requires a logical order. The
resolution of algorithms should be done with coherence in order to be as
clearest as possible, to get the exact and correct result too.
For example, you first take the shower before getting dressed; you have
breakfast, lunch or dinner before brushing your teeth, not the opposite
process.
This activity will be of help to identify and comprehend the logical order
or sequence of any process in your life.

2.

FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS.

## The Logic is in relationship with developed thought. It is divided into

simple and complex matters. The simple ones are the elementary ways
of thinking like the concept, judgment and reasoning, and no matter how
big the thought, or its complexity; it should be reduced to one of these
branches. The simple logic starts with elementary concepts and daily
routines. Therefore, the next explanations will be of help for you to
understand better the logic and algorithms concepts and apply them to
common and typical situations.

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Example:
Develop the following instructions:
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

## Result: Traffic Light.

Imagine that the instructions of that tem were confused; can you imagine
what can it happen in a city?
2.1

What is an Instruction?

## In Computing: a direction in a computer program defining and effecting

an operation.
To develop a solving problem solution,
you must understand and comprehend
all the details implicit and explicit in
it. This is why, to establish a plan
(algorithm) is compulsory to get the
best option to solve it.
Only when you are able to decode all
the linguistic implications, you will find
that problem. Starting from the basic
details to the general idea; this is the
easiest way to find the answers key.

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2.2

## Is it important to have a plan?

Yes, it is. To analyze the problem and prepare a plan you need to learn
the use of different WH-questions to manage the information and time
to solve it efficiently.
There are two types of Questions: Yes-No Questions and Wh Questions,
both are important in order to clarify the details for making the plan.
The yes-no questions only accept two possibilities of answer: Yes or
No. It is the same when you are asked to answer True (T) or False (F)
in a questionnaire.
The WH questions are also called information questions, since they
answer to a specific word or words.
2.3

## How to make the questions.

In order to know the problem you must understand the way to ask
questions.
-WHAT:
1. We use what to ask for clarifications:

Jhon:

Mary:

I dont know.

## Mary: Its a simple problem.

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## 4. We can add a noun or a noun phrase to what to make a question

-WHERE: The answer is a place.

Jhon:

Mary:

Jhon:

Mary:

## He came in the evening.

He came at 6.30.
-WHO: The answer should be one or more persons.

Jhon:

Mary:

-WHY:

Jhon:

Mary:

Mary:

## I may take me another day.

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## Mary: There are five learners in my team.

-HOW MUCH: The answer is a uncountable noun.

## Mary: The problem almost always happened in the morning.

-HOW FAR: The answer is a distance.

## Mary: It is 10 minutes by walking.

-WHOM: The answer is a person or persons.

## Mary: My brother respects my parents.

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## 2.4 The sequence is important in a process.

To develop a rcipe, or a duty that requires a process, it is necessary
to follow carefully the instructions if you want to get the exact product
without making mistakes, as well as the use of sequence adverbs or
connecting words.
They are also useful in any type of narrative which requires a description
of sequence.
The following should be the sequence to analyze a problem.
There are 5 steps,
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

## Finally to get the solution

You can use the verb in the infinitive form. It is similar to when you give
an order.

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## SENA - Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje

Example:
Complete the sequence in logical order using the following sequence
adverbs: Finally, After that, First, Then, Next.
HOW TO MAKE A SANDWICH:
Cut the slices of tomato.
Enjoy it.
Put the slice of bread on top.
Put the slices of tomato and
cheese

Result:
Next, cut the slices of potatoes.
After that, Put the slices of
tomato and cheese.
sausage
Then, Put the slice of bread on
top
Finally, enjoy it.

## Cut the slices of tomato.

Enjoy it.
Put the slice of bread on top.
Put the slices of tomato and
cheese

## As you can see there is an start, a development, and an ending. This

develops a logical sequence.
2.5 What goes first Sunday or Friday?
Almost everyone likes Friday or considers Friday the best day of the week.
Do you prefer Fridays or Sundays? The answer almost always is Friday,
because it comes before Sundays and it is the day when many people can
have fun and go to bed late.

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## Practice the pronunciation of each word in order to be familiarized with it,

since you will be asked to develop oral activities in the future.
2.6 Numbers, Days, Seasons, Months of the Year.

1.
2.
3.

January
February
March

Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday

CARDINAL
NUMBERS
One (1)
Two (2)
Three (3)

4.

April

Thrusday

Four (4)

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

May
June
July
August
September
October

Friday
Saturday
Sunday

11.

November

12.

December

ORDER

13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

MONTHS

DAYS

ORDINAL
NUMBERS
First (1st)
Second (2nd)
Third (3rd)
Fourth (4th)

Five (5)
Fifth (5th)
Six (6)
Sixth (6th)
Seven (7) Seventh (7th)
Eight (8) Eighth (8th)
Nine (9)
Ninth(9th)
Ten (10) Tenth (10th)
Eleventh
Eleven (11)
(11th)
Twelfth
Twelve (12)
(12th)
Thirteen
Thirteenth
(13)
(13th)
Fourteen
Fourteenth
(14)
(14th)
Fifteen
Fifteenth
(15)
(15th)
Sixteen
Sixteenth
(16)
(16th)
Seventeen Seventeenth
(17)
(17th)
Eighteen
Eighteenth
(18)
(18th)
Nineteen
Nineteenth
(19)
(19th)
Twentieth
Twenty (20)
(20th)
Twenty-one twenty-first
(21)
(21st)
Twenty-two twenty-second
(22)
(22nd)
Twentytwenty-third
three (23)
(23rd)
Twenty-four twenty-fourth
(24)
(24th)

SEASONS
Winter
Spring
Summer
Fall/
Autumn

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Twenty-five twenty-fifth
(25)
(25th)
Twenty-six twenty-sixth
(26)
(26th)
twentyTwentyseventh
seven (27)
(27th)
Twenty- twenty-eighth
eight (28)
(28th)
Twenty-nine twenty-ninth
(29)
(29th)
Thirtieth
Thirty (30)
(30th)
Thirty-one Thirty-first
(31)
(31st)
Fortieth
Fourty (40)
(40th)
Fiftieth
Fifty (50)
(50th)
Sixtieth
Sixty (60)
(60th)
Seventy
Seventieth
(70)
(70th)
Eightieth
Eithty (80)
(80th)
Ninetieth
Ninety (90)
(90th)
One Hundred one hundredth
(100)
(100th)
One
one
Thousand
thousandth
(1000)
(1000th)
One Million one millionth
(1000000) (1000000th)

25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.

Example:
The Months of the Year, the Days of the Week, ordinal numbers and
cardinal numbers develop a sequence or a logical order.
1.

2.

## What day is between Wednesday and Friday?

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3.

4.

## This is the Season when the flowers bloom.

Winter

Fall/Autumn

Spring
Summer

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GLOSARIO
According:

De acuerdo con

After:

Despus

Check: Chequear
Each:

Excess:

Exceso

Fall/Autum: Otoo
Follow:
Next:

Seguir

Luego

Oil: Aceite

Leer

Recipe:

Receta

Required:

Requerida

Sault: Sal
Season:

Estacin

Sequence: Secuencia
Slice:

Spring:

Primavera

Summer:

Verano

Then:

Entonces, luego

Understand: Entender
Winter:

Invierno

Word: Palabra

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BIBLIOGRAFA
Free TOEFL practice tests. (http://www.duoc-teachers.mundomas.com/
index.php).
English
Grammar on
line:
vocabulary/numbers/ordinal).

(http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/

## English Grammar on line:

(http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/
vocabulary/numbers/exercises?type=ordinal).
http://www.elcivics.com/esl-crossword-puzzles/crossword-puzzles.html
Aplicaciones para pc: (http://www.alot.com).
Free dictionary (http://www.dictionaryboss.com)
Free dictionary
com/pocketpc).

(http://www.pocket-oxford-english-dictionary.softonic.

## Disponible en la Biblioteca digital SENA (Solo est autorizado y disponible

desde la red del SENA) (http://site.ebrary.com/lib/senavirtualsp/
22Java+%28Computer+Program+Language%29%22&f01=glossary).

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Control de documento
Construccin Objeto de Aprendizaje
Experto temtico

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## Rafael Neftal Lizcano Reyes

Claudia Milena Hernndez Naranjo

Produccin Multimedia

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