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1.6 Au

uxiliary Potential

P

Function

ns and Determinaation of A

Antenna

Radiattion Field

ds:

w

discussed

d earlier thaat when eleectric chargees undergo accelerationn

As it was

electromaagnetic radiatiion is producced. Hence it is the motionn of charges ((i.e., currents)

of radiatiion. Some prroblems invo

olving electriic currents ccan be cast in equivalennt

magnetic currents (thee use of mag

gnetic currentts is simply a mathematiccal tool, theyy

proven to exist). So,

or decelerration,

that is the ssource

forms invoolving

have neverr been

plicity, instead

d of calculatin

ng the radiateed fields (E, H

H) directly frrom the sourcces (J,

M) in an one-step pro

ocedure, a tw

wo-step proceedure is com

mmonly used, as shown inn Fig. 32 in block

diagramm

matically form

m.

E

of radiated

r

field

ds from electriic and magneetic sources.

In order to

t account fo

or both electrric current an

nd/or magnettic current soources, the ssymmetric forrm of

Maxwells equations must

m be utilizzed to determ

mine the resultting radiationn fields. The ssymmetric foorm of

Maxwells equations in

nclude additional radiation

n sources (eleectric charge density annd magnetic ccharge

density m)

n the solution

n of radiation fields employys the conceppt of superpossition of fieldss.

The total radiation fiellds (E, H) aree the sum of the fields duee to electric ccurrents (EA, HA) and the fields

due to thee magnetic currents (EF, HF).

xwells equattions become:

nce of magnetic sources only,

g to the vecto

or identity,

According

otational or so

olenoidal fieldd) can be expressed as the curl of some other

vector.

e

(1d

d) and (2c), we

w can write

So, from equations

where A and

a F are thee magnetic and electric vector potentiials, respectiively.

The flux density

d

definiitions in equattions (3a) and

d (3b) lead to the followingg field definittions:

l

to

ons can be rew

written as:

the brackeeted terms in equations (6aa) and (6b) represents non--solenoidal (irrrotational fieelds) and mayy each

be written

n as the gradieent of some sccalar.

where e is

i the electric scalar potenttial and m is the magneticc scalar potenttial.

From the above two eq

quations, we can

c have:

t fields (EA, HA) due to

o electric sourrces and (EF, HF) due to magnetic souurces were deerived

through equations (4a, 8a) and (4b, 8b).

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