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EnergyandAtmosphere(LEEDGAStudyGuide)flashcards|Quizlet

Energy and Atmosphere (LEED GA Study


Guide)

30 terms by JeremyFarner

TEACHER

BritishThermalUnit(Btu)
Theamountofheatrequiredtoraise
thetemperatureofonepoundofliquid
waterfrom60to61Fahrenheit.This
standardmeasureofenergyisusedto
describetheenergycontentoffuels
andcompareenergyuse.
BuildingEnvelope
Theexteriorsurfaceofabuildingthe
walls,windows,roof,andflooralso
referredtoasthebuildingshell.
Chiller
Adevicethatremovesheatfroma
liquid,typicallyaspartofa
refrigerationsystemusedtocooland
dehumidifybuildings.
CompactFluorescentLamp(CFL)
Asmallfluorescentlamp,usedasa
moreefficientalternativeto
incandescentlightingalsocalledaPL,
twintube,orbiaxlamp.(EPA)
EnergyEfficientProductsandSystems
Buidingcomponentsandappliances
thatuselessenergytoperformaswell
asorbetterthanstandardproducts.
EnergyorGreenhouseGasEmissions
perCapita
Acommunity'stotalgreenhousegas
emissionsdividedbythetotalnumber
ofresidents.
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EnergyManagementSystem
Acontrolsystemcapableof
monitoringenvironmentalandsystem
loadsandadjustingHVACoperations
accordinglyinordertoconserve
energywhilemaintainingcomfort.
(EPA)
ENERGYSTAR(R)Rating
Ameasureofabuilding'senergy
performancecomparedwiththatof
similarbuildings,asdeterminedbythe
ENERGYSTARPortfolioManager.A
scoreof50representsaveragebuilding
performance.
EnergyUseIntensity
Energyconsumptiondividedbythe
numberofsquarefeetinabuilding,
oftenexpressedasBritishthermal
units(Btus)persquarefootoras
kilowatthoursofelectricitypersquare
footperyear(kWh/sf/yr).
FossilFuel
Energyderivedfromancientorganic
remains,suchapeat,coal,crudeoil,
andnaturalgas(EPA).
HVACSystems
Equipment,distributionsystems,and
terminalsthatprovidetheprocessesof
heating,ventilation,orair
conditioning.(ASHRAEStandard
90.12007)
LightingPowerDensity
Theinstalledlightingpowerperunit
area.

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MeasureofEnergyUse
Typicalprimarymeasuresofenergy
consumptionassociatedwithbuildings
includekilowatthoursofelectricity,
thermsofnaturalgas,andgallonsof
liquidfuel.
Nonrenewable
Notcapableofbeingreplaced
permanentlydepletedonceused.
Examplesofnonrenewableenergy
sourcesareoilandnaturalgas
nonrenewablenaturalresources
includemetallicores.
PerformanceRelativetoBenchmark
Acomparisonofabuildingsystem's
performancewithastandard,suchas
ENERGYSTARPortfolioManager.
PerformanceRelativetoCode
Acomparisonabuildingsystem's
performancewithabaselinethatis
equivalenttominimalcompliancewith
anapplicableenergycode,suchas
ASHRAEStandard90orCalifornia's
Title24.
Photovoltaic(PV)Energy
Electricityfromphotovoltaiccellsthat
converttheenergyinsunlightinto
electricity.

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RenewableEnergy
Resourcesthatarenotdepletedbyuse.
Examplesincludeenergyfromthesun,
wind,andsmall(lowimpact)
hydropower,plusgeothermalenergy
andwaveandtidalsystems.Waysto
captureenergyfromthesunincluded
photovoltaic,solarthermal,andbio
energysystemsbasedonwoodwaste,
agriculturalcropsorresidue,animal
andotherorganicwaste,orlandfill
gas.
RenewableEnergyCertificate(REC)
Atradeablecommodityrepresenting
proofthataunitofelectricitywas
generatedfromarenewableenergy
resource.RECsaresoldseparately
fromtheelectricityitselfandthus
allowthepurchaseofgreenpowerbya
userofconventionallygenerated
electricity.
Chlorofluorocarbon(CFC)
Anorganiccompoundknowntohave
ozonedepletingpotential.
EnergyEfficiency
Usinglessenergytoaccomplishthe
sameamountofwork.

ENERGYSTARPortfolioManager
Aninteractive,onlinemanagement
toolthatsupportstrackingand
assessmentofenergyandwater
consumption.

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GreenPower
Energyfromrenewablesourcessuch
assolar,wind,wave,biomass,
geothermalpowerandseveralformsof
hydroelectricpower.
Hydrochlorofluorocarbons(HCFC)
Anorganicchemicalcompoundknown
tohaveozonedepletingpotential.
MontrealProtocol
Aninternationaltreatythateliminates
orpartiallyeliminatestheuseof
substancesknowntodepletetheozone
layer.
Refrigerant
Oneofanynumberofsubstancesused
incoolingsystemstotransferthermal
energyinairconditioningand
refrigerationsystems.
Retrocommissioning
Acommissioningprocessthatcanbe
performedonexistingbuildingsto
identifyandrecognizesystem
improvementsthatmakethebuilding
moresuitableforcurrentuse.
CommissioningReport
Adocumentthatdetailsthe
commissioningprocess,includinga
commissioningprogramoverview,
identificationofthecommissioning
team,anddescriptionofthe
commissioningprocessactivities.

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AirborneParticulates
Totalsuspendedparticulatematter
foundintheatmosphereassolid
particlesorliquiddroplets.Chemical
compositionofparticulatesvaries
widelydependingonthelocationand
timeofyear.Sourcesofairborne
particulatesinclude:dust,emissions
fromindustrialprocesses,combustion
productsfromtheburningofwood
andcoal,combustionproducts
associatedwithmotorvehicleornon
roadengineexhaustsandreactionsto
gasesintheatmosphere.
Eutrophication
Theincreaseinchemicalnutrients,
suchasthenitrogenandphosphorous
oftenfoundinfertilizers,inan
ecosystem.Theaddednutrients
stimulateexcessiveplantgrowth,
promotingalgalbloomsorweeds.The
enhancedplantgrowthreducesoxygen
inthelandandwater,reducingwater
qualityandfishandotheranimal
populations.

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