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In this paper, we represents incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, i.e. fluid is incompressible in the domain
2 .
Navier-Stokes equations have wide applications in fluid mechanics, air and sea navigation. Mathematicians have not
proven yet these equations. In this paper we describe incompressibility and existence of these equations in the domain
n (n=2), Navier-Stokes problem is now included in the Millenium problems of Clay mathematics Institute.

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Kawaljit Singh

kawaljitsinghw@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we represents incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, i.e. fluid is incompressible in the domain .

Navier-Stokes equations have wide applications in fluid mechanics, air and sea navigation. Mathematicians have not

proven yet these equations. In this paper we describe incompressibility and existence of these equations in the domain

2

(n=2), Navier-Stokes problem is now included in the Millenium problems of Clay mathematics Institute.

Peer Review Research Publishing System

Vol 1, No1

editor@cirworld.com

www.cirworld.com, member.cirworld.com

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Aug24,2013

ISSN 2347-1921

INTRODUCTION

In this paper, we study the motion of fluid membrane and Incompressibilty of fluid, and existence of Navier-Stokess three

impotant equations. Navier-Stokes equations are the most important and famous equations for turbulent flow of fluid or

wind from a century. The Proof of Navier-Stokes equations is most challenging for all Mathematician from all around the

world.

Navier-Stokes equations were originally derived in the 1840s on the basis of conservation laws and first- order

approximations. But if one assumes sufficient randomness in microscopic molecular in processes in fluid they can also be

derived from molecular dynamics, as done in the early 1900s.

The major difficulty in obtaining a time-accurate solution for an incompressible flow arises from the fact that the continuity

equation does not contain the time-derivative explicitly. The constraint of mass conservation is achieved by an implicit

coupling between the continuity equation and the pressure in the momentum equations. One can use an explicit time

advancement scheme which obtains the pressure at the current time-step such that the continuity equation at the next step

is satisfied. However, for fully implicit or semi implicit schemes, the aforementioned difficulty prevents the use of the

conventional Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) scheme to advance in time as is the case for compressible flows.

For very low Reynolds numbers and simple geometries, it is often possible to find explicit formulas for solutions to the

Navier-Stokes equations. But even in the regime of flow where regular arrays of eddies are produced, analytical methods

have never yielded complete explicit solutions. In this regime, however, numerical approximations are fairly easy to find.

Since about the 1960s computers have been powerful enough to allow computations at least nominally to be extended to

considerably higher Reynolds numbers. And it has become increasingly common to see numerical results given far into the

turbulent regime - leading sometimes to the assumption that turbulence has somehow been derived from the NavierStokes equations. But just what such numerical results actually have to do with detailed solutions to the Navier-Stokes

equations is not clear. Our understanding of them remians minimal.The challenge is to make substantial progress towards

a mathematical theory which will unlock hidden secrets in Navier-Stokes equations.

The Euler and Navier-Stokes equations describe the motion of a fluid in (n=2,3). These equations can be solved for an

n

, 1 i n

u x, t ui x, t

and pressure

t 0

time

ui

u

P

uk i ui

f i x, t

t k 1 xk

xi

n

div u

i 1

ui

0

xi

where n

....(1)

x n , t 0

.....(2)

u x,0 u 0 x , x R n

.....(3)

Equation (1) is just Newtons second law of motion f = ma for a fluid element subject to the external

force f fi x, t , 1

x n and to the forces arising from pressure and friction. Equation (2) just says the

fi x, t are the components of a given externally applied force ( for e.g. gravity) ,

n

i 1

2

0

is a Laplacian operator in the space variables. u x is a given,

2

xi

C divergence-free vector field on n . Equation (1), (2), (3) are Euler equations with equal to zero.

Cosider a fluid membrane. Let PQRS shape of an element an element of the membrane at any time t. Let PQRS be

projections of PQRS on xy-plane. We wish to obtain position change

u x, y, t

at any point

(a) The mass of the fluid membrane per unitvarea is constant

(say)

(b) The whole motion takes place in a direction perpendicular to xy- plane.

2|P ag e

Aug24,2013

ISSN 2347-1921

(c) The surface tension T per unit length developed by fluid membrane molecules is same at all points. We consider

T does not change during the motion.

(d) The position change of

u x, y, t

are small.

Fig 1.1

If we consider motion of the element PQRS , The forces

These have vertical components

T y sin T y sin

T y sin sin

Since

and

T y tan tan

u

u

T y

x x x x x

Where

u

tan

x x x

3|P ag e

T x

u

tan is also slope.

x x

Aug24,2013

ISSN 2347-1921

u

u

T x

y y y y y

Area of the portion PQRS is

u

2

t

direction is

u

u

2u

u

u

T y

T x

x y 2

y y y y y

t

x x x x x

Dividing both sides by

x y , we have

u

u

u

u

T y

- T x

2

x x x x x

y y y y y u

x

y

T 2t

As

.(4)

2u 2u 2u

2 x 2 y T 2t

From equation (3) the intial condition

....(5)

u x,0 u 0 x ,

u

2u

0 2 0

t

t

2u 2u

0

2 x 2 y

2u 0

This result shows that Eq.(2) is incompressible i.e. the incompressibility of fluid in two dimensional ( )

2

There fore Navier-Stokes equations exits. Equations (1), (2), (3) are Euler equations with equal to zero.

.REFERENCES

[1] O.Ladyzhensaka,The Mathematical Theory of Viscous Incompressible Flow (2ndedition) Gordan and

Breach, New York,1969.

[2] Charles L. Fefferman, Millennium problem description of Navier-stokes equations, Clay Mathematics

Institute.

[3] L.Caffarelli, R. Kohn, and L.Nirenberg, Partial regularity of suitable weak solutions of the Navier-stokes

equations, Pure and Applied Math.35 (1982), 771-831.

[4] F.H.Lin, a new proof of the Caffareel-Kohn-Nirenberg theorem, Pure and Applied Math. 51

(1998), 241-257

[5] P. Constantin, Some open problems and research directions in the Mathematical study of fluids

dynamics, Mathematics Unlimited-2001, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2001, 353-360.

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Aug24,2013

ISSN 2347-1921

[6] J.Leray, Sur le movement d liquid visquex emplissesent lespce, Acta math. 63 (1934), 193-248. [7]

V. Schefffer, An inviscid flow with compact support in spacetime, J. Geom Analysis 3 (1993), 343401.

[7] Stehen Wolfam, A New Kind of Science (Wolfram Media, 2002), page 996.

[8] M.D. Raisinghania, Advanced differential euations, two dimensional wave equation- Boundary

Value Problems and their solutions (2003) page 1.4

[9] T.J.R. Hughes, W. T. J. R. Hughes, W. Liu and T. K. Zimmermann (1981). Lagrangian-Eulerian Finite Element

Formulation for Incompressible Viscous Flows, Comp. Methods in App' Mechand Eng.,29,329-349.

5|P ag e

Aug24,2013

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