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This bulletin is prepared

monthly as an information
resource on storm water
quality issues related
to the planning and
design of transportation
infrastructure.
Direct address changes to
huttondl @cdm.com or to:
Storm Water Quality
Control Bulletin
Camp Dresser & McKee
2920 Inland Empire Blvd.
Suite 108
Ontario, CA 91764
Project Development
questions or comments
may be directed to
Thomas Fung, Caltrans
(916) 653-2115
or Dan Hutton,
Camp Dresser & McKee
(909) 945-3000
Erosion Control
questions or comments
may be directed to
Ken Keaton, Caltrans
(916) 653-4947
or Erika Kegel, Caltrans
(916) 653-8369

then it is necessary
to determine if the
alignment and/or geometric
cross section can
be changed based on
the following priorities:
1.Completely avoid
impacts to existing
slopes.
2.Reduce the area of
impact to existing
slopes.
3.Create new slopes that minimize the potential
erosion impact. Typically, impacts to
existing slopes and creation of new slopes
cannot be completely avoided. Therefore, a
detailed design of the slopes that includes
selection and design of permanent soil stabilization
BMPs for slope protection of both
disturbed existing slopes and newly created
slopes is required.
Erosion can be minimized by reducing the
impact of rainfall on the surface and runoff down
the slope, preventing the initiation of erosion and
channelization of runoff into erosive rills and
gullies. Appropriate design strategies for slope
protection measures include scheduling final
stabilization measure before the winter season,
covering slopes with vegetation or other materials
to control splash erosion, minimizing slope
steepness/length, preventing runoff from concentrating,
and/or collecting runoff in stabilized
channels/drains. This can be accomplished
through these BMPs and SSP:

Permanent Seeding and Planting CD24A(1)


Mulching CD25
n Rounded/Terraced/Stepped Slopes CD35(1)
n Top, Toe and Mid-Slope Diversion Ditches/
Berms CD32B(1)
n Slope/Subsurface Drains CD32A(1)
n Scheduling PD20(1)
n Order of Work SSP 05-0101
Regardless of the control selected, a strategy
for permanently restablizing all disturbed areas
of each project site must be developed and
incorporated into the project.
Any soil disturbed as the result of constructing a
new project has the potential to erode, but
slopes are of critical concern due to their potential
for highly accelerated erosion. Sediment
resulting from erosion can impact water
quality, and erosion and sediment control can be
maintenance intensive. Some projects contain
slopes steep enough and long enough that,
unless adequately designed and stabilized, would
allow run-off to channelize, erode rills or gullies,
and release significant sediment from the project.
In other cases, the project may require construction
of a cut or fill slope that will erode unless
properly stabilized.
Caltrans has implemented procedures for
review and approval of slope designs and has
identified Best Management Practices (BMPs)
for use in preparing a design. The .Caltrans
Storm Water Quality Handbook, Planning and
Design Staff Guide. (Handbook) provides the
following guidance:
The general strategy for minimizing erosion of
slopes is to only disturb existing slopes or create
new slopes if necessary. If the preliminary geometrical
design of the project would potentially
impact the existing slopes or create new slopes
n
n

Vol. 1/Issue 2
February 26, 1999

Selection and
Design of
Permanent Soil
Stabilization
Practices
The Handbook defines
a slope as an area
with a grade change
of more than 1.2m
(4 ft) in height and
steeper than 1:20
(V:H). For existing
slopes, this refers
to the portion that
would be disturbed

by construction.

A slope-specific stabilization design approved by the


District Landscape Architect and written concurrence
from the District Maintenance Division
A slope-specific stabilization design with approval
by the District Architect
Design based upon appropriate BMPs listed below