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katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc

DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta

FIRERESISTANCE
OFGALVANISEDMEMBERS
JiJirk

CzechTechnicalUniversity
InPrague

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta

Contentsofthepresentation
Motivation
Heattransferinfire technology
Fire tests
Further Research

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

Motivation
Surfacing of the SteelStructures is notaccounted
inthe calculation of Fire Resistance
Advantages of Galvanazing compared to
Intumescent Coating
Price availability
Reduction of labour consumption
Acceleration of construction
Aesthetic properties
Newpossibility of using zinc coated members

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

HeatTransferinFireTechnology
Conduction molecularprocessofheattransfer
FouriersLaw
Heatfluxtoboundarydependsonsurroundingandsurface
temperature:

Radiation heatfluxofelectromagneticwaves

Convection fluidpassingbythesurface

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

FireTest2010
Pavus a.s.,VeselnadLunic,20.10.2010
Horizontal Furnace with System of Oilburners

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

StandardFire Curve

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

FireTest2010
Specimens:
Hollow Cross Sections TR114,3x4 1000mm

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Opened Cross Sections IPE200 1000mm


Galvanized Surface:
Average Thickness 119m
Temperature of Galvanizing 460C
1Specimen Admixure AlinGalvanizing Bath

Furtherresearch

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

FireTest2010

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

FireTest2010
SpecimensafterFireTest

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

FireTest2010
Surfacingafterfiretest

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

FireTest2010
MeasuredValues
1200

[C]

Firetest2010
1000

Firetest2011
Realstructure

800

600

Firetest2011
Furnace

400

200

Furtherresearch

t [min]

0
0

10

15

Prmrn teplota plynu u prof il [C]

20
IPE1

25
IPE2

30
IPE3

35
IPE4

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

Results AnalyticalApproach
HeatTransfer blackspecimen:
hnet =hnet,c +hnet,r

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

Results AnalyticalApproach
HeatTransfer galvanisedspecimen:
hnet =hnet,c +hnet,r

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Results AnalyticalApproach
SurfaceEmissivity
Aluminum

m =0,3

GalvanizedSteel

m =0,32

StainlessSteel

m =0,4

Steelwithoutsurfacing

m =0,7

1200

[C]

1000

800

Furtherresearch

600

400

200

t [min]

0
0

10

15

Prmrn teplota plynu u prof il [C]

20
IPE1

25
IPE2

30
IPE3

35
IPE4

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

Results AnalyticalApproach
m =0,32

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

FireTest2011 Realstructure
Pavusa.s.,VeselnadLunic,15.09.2011
Fullscaletestonrealstructure,dimensions10,4x13,4m
qfi,d =525MJ/m2,opening5x2m

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

FireTest2011 Realstructure

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

FireTest2011 Realstructure

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

FireTest2011 Furnace
Pavusa.s.,VeselnadLunic,11.10.2011

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

FireTest2011 Furnace

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta
Motivation

Heattransferin
firetechnology

Furtherresearch
Aging of zinc coated members
Influence of thickness of zinc coating surfacing
Composition of galvanizing bath

Firetest2010

Firetest2011
Realstructure

Numerical model

Goalofthework
Specify emissivity of galvanised surface
Calibrated numerical model

Firetest2011
Furnace

Furtherresearch

Shedule of temperatures for zinc coated steel members in


standard temperature curve

katedraocelovchadevnchkonstrukc
DepartmentofSteelandTimberStructures
TrainingSchoolMalta

Thankyouforattention
URL:www.oceldrevo.fsv.cvut.cz

JiJirk

eskvysokuentechnick
vPraze