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CoordinateGeometry

Notes
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Coordinate Plane Formulas

1. Calculate the length, slope and mid-point of the line segments.

2. Calculate the equation of each line.


standard form is

y = mx + b

a) y intercept -2 and slope 3/4

b) through (-2 , 4) having a slope of -2/5

c) x intercept of -3 having a slope of 3/7

d) through the points (4,-1) and (-2,6)

3. Complete the square and find the vertex.

To 1 decimal place, find the coordinates of the point(s) of intersection of the graphs
of

The Equation of the Circle

a) what point is the center of the circle? _________________


b) what is the radius of the circle? ____________________
c) use the distance formula to find the equation of the circle.

a) what point is the center of the circle? _________________


b) what is the radius of the circle? ____________________
c) use the distance formula to find the equation of the circle.

State the center and radius of each circle.

Graph the circle whose equation is

Circle the point that is located on the circle

(3,-2)

(-5,3)

(5,-2)

(0,3)

Given the equation of a circle:

a) Find the x intercepts of the circle

b) find the y intercepts

Sketch the graph and find the domain and range.

Circles and Completing the Square

standard form

general form

Put the equation of the circle in general form:

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Write these circles in standard form by completing the squares in both x and y. Give the
center, radius, domain and range.

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Sketch this circle.

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Equation of the Tangent Line to a Circle


1. Give the equation of the circle. Then find the equations of the vertical and horizontal
tangent lines to the cirle graphed below.

2. Find the equations of the horizontal and vertical tangents to the circle given by

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For all "slanted" tangents follow these steps:


sketch
find slope of radius
find slope of tangent line
use y = mx + b to find the equation of the tangent line
3. Find the equation of the tangent to

at (4,-5).

For all "slanted" tangents follow these steps:


sketch
find slope of radius
find slope of tangent line
use y = mx + b to find the equation of the tangent line
4. Find the equation of the tangent to

at (2,-1).

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Finding the Intersection Point(s) of a Line and a Circle

This will be a system of equations: use the method of substitution.

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Splitting a Segment into Equal Smaller Segments


Find the points that split (-10,5) to (6,1) into four equal smaller segments.

Split (-11,-6) to (9,9) into five smaller segments.

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Calculating the Distance between Points and Lines

1. Calculate the shortest distance between the point and each of the lines pictured in
the following graph.

2. Calculate the shortest distance between the point and the line.

The line y = -2x + 3 and the point (-5,1).

The steps.
find the slope of the line
find the slope of the
perpendicular line through
the point
find the equation of the
perpendicular line
solve the system to get
the closest point
find the distance

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3. Calculate the shortest distance between the point and the line.

The line 2x + 3y - 6 = 0 and the point (5,4).

The steps.
find the slope of the line
find the slope of the
perpendicular line through
the point
find the equation of the
perpendicular line
solve the system to get
the closest point
find the distance

The Distance between Parallel Lines

1. Find the distance between the two horizontal lines.

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2. Find the distance between the two vertical lines.

3. Find the horizontal distance, the vertical distance and the shortest distance between
the two parallel lines. y = 2x - 6 and y = 2x + 4

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4. Find the horizontal distance, the vertical distance and the shortest distance between
the two parallel lines. 2x + 3y -6 = 0 and 2x + 3y + 12 = 0.

Verifying Conjectures

Consider triangle A(-1,3), B(1,7) and


C(5,5).
a) verify that triangle ABC is a right
triangle

b) M is to be the midpoint of AB and N the midpoint of AC. Verify that MN is


parallel to BC.

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A line segment has endpoints M(8,6) and N(-6,8).


a) verify that the endpoints are on the circle.

b) determine the equation of the line through the center of the circle and the midpoint
of the chord MN

c) verify that the new line


and MN are perpendicular

Proving Conjectures
Prove that the diagonals of a square are perpendicular.

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Coordinate Geometry - unit review

Calculate the length, the slope and the midpoint of the segment below.

Separate the segment from (-8,6) to (22,-6) into six smaller segments of equal
length.

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Find

center
radius
domain
range
x intercepts
vertical tangents

Calculate the equation of the tangent to

at (4,-1) .

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Find the shortest distance from the point (1,3) to the line 4x - 3y - 12 = 0.

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