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C o rn erin g G rip (F y)

Fy Vs. Fz
2,500.0

2,000.0

335/30/17
315/35/17
275/40/17
255/40/17
225/45/17
205/50/17

1,500.0

1,000.0

500.0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

Normal Force (Fz)

1600

1800

2000

Coeficent of Friction

Coeficient of Friction

1.6000

1.4000

1.2000

1.0000

Colum
nV
Colum
nW
Colum
nX
Colum
nY

0.8000

0.6000

0.4000

0.2000

500

1,000

1,500
2,000
Normal Force

2,500

3,000

3,500

Vehicle Dynamics
Weight Transfer, 3/5/02
Example Spreadsheet

Wheel Base
Track
Weight
Stiffness Bias
Ay Force (g):
Ax Acceleration
Total g

100.00
60.00
2,800.00
100%
(1.00)
(1.00)
1.41

CGx
CGy
CGz
Tire F
Tire R

30
30
18
2
3

(measured from rear axle)


(Measured from left side)
Stick Cornering
225/45/17 Stick Accel
255/40/17 Required Stick 4WD**

Coeficient of Friction

0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
2700
2800
2900
3000
3100

Coeficent of Friction
1.6000

1.4000

1.2000
Colum
nV

1.0000

Colum
nW

0.8000

Colum
nX
Colum
nY

0.6000

0.4000

0.2000

C o rn e rin g G rip (F y)

W
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

1
2
3
4
5
6
205/45/17
225/45/17
255/40/17 275/40/17 315/35/17 335/35/17
1.4800
1.35
1.2200
1.14
1.1200
1.07
0.0140
0.0065
0.0030
0.0014
0.0009
0.0004
Ff
Ff
Ff
Ff
Ff
Ff
148.0
135.0
122.0
114.0
112.0
107.0
293.2
268.7
243.4
227.7
223.8
213.9
431.4
399.2
363.3
340.7
335.2
320.6
558.4
524.4
480.8
452.6
445.8
427.0
670.0
642.5
595.0
563.0
555.5
533.0
762.0
751.5
705.0
671.4
663.9
638.4
830.2
849.5
809.9
777.4
770.8
743.1
870.4
934.4
908.8
880.6
875.8
847.0
878.4
1,004.4
1,000.8
980.6
978.8
950.0
878.4
1,057.5
1,085.0
1,077.0
1,079.5
1,052.0
878.4
1,091.8
1,160.5
1,169.3
1,177.6
1,152.8
878.4
1,105.2
1,226.4
1,257.1
1,272.7
1,252.3
878.4
1,105.2
1,281.8
1,340.0
1,364.7
1,350.4
878.4
1,105.2
1,325.8
1,417.6
1,453.3
1,447.0
878.4
1,105.2
1,357.5
1,489.5
1,538.3
1,542.0
878.4
1,105.2
1,376.0
1,555.2
1,619.2
1,635.2
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,614.3
1,695.9
1,726.5
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,666.4
1,768.1
1,815.8
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,711.1
1,835.6
1,903.0
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,748.0
1,898.0
1,988.0
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,776.6
1,955.1
2,070.6
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,796.5
2,006.6
2,150.7
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,807.3
2,052.3
2,228.2
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,808.6
2,091.8
2,303.0
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,808.6
2,125.0
2,375.0
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,808.6
2,151.5
2,444.0
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,808.6
2,171.1
2,509.9
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,808.6
2,183.4
2,572.6
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,808.6
2,188.3
2,632.0
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,808.6
2,188.3
2,688.0
878.4
1,105.2
1,380.4
1,808.6
2,188.3
2,740.4

500

F
30%
100%
70%
R

15%
50%
35%

840
2,800
1,960
R

420
1,400
980

15%
50%
35%

Cornering, Weight Consistant Bias- Same as WF% and WR%


168
560
392

840
2,800
1,960

672
2,240
1,568

252
840
588

315/35/17
275/40/17
255/40/17
1,000.0

225/45/17
205/50/17

500.0

2,800
2,800
3,960

30%
100%
70%

15%
50%
35%

Weight Dist
6%
20%
14%

30%
100%
70%

24%
80%
56%

Cornering, Biased Stiffness


(840)
(840)
-

(420)
560
980

Weight Dist
840
2,800
1,960

1,260
2,240
980

1,260
840
980

-15%
20%
35%

840
2,240
1,400

420
840
420

0%
20%
20%

Cornering, Biased Stiffness, Limited


(420)
(840)
(420)

560
560

840
2,800
1,960

225/45/17
255/40/17

661
661

962
2,949
1,987

962
2,288
1,326

252
672
1,400
728
(252)

504.00
1,344
2,800
1,456
(504)

252
672
1,400
728
(252)

225/45/17
255/40/17

0%
24%
24%

30%
100%
70%

30%
80%
50%

34%
105%
71%

34%
82%
47%

Weight Dist
-

24%
50%
26%

Combination - Weight Consistant Bias


(252)

45%
80%
35%

Friction Dist.

Accelleration Only
-

30%
100%
70%

Weight Dist

Stick Matrix - No Accel

252
420

504
1,344

252
924

48%
100%
52%

0%
50%
26%

Weight Dist
504
252

15%

3,500

335/30/17

F
(252)
(840)
(588)

3,000

1,500.0

Weight Dist
420
1,400
980

2,500

2,000.0

F
L

2,000

Fy Vs. Fz

Static

1,500
Normal Force

2,500.0

Percentages:
15%
50%
35%

1,000

48%

33%

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

Normal Force (Fz)

1400

1600

1800

2000

Vehicle Dynamics
Weight Transfer, 3/5/02
Example Spreadsheet
(840)
(588)
(840)

560
140
(252)

2,800
1,456
(504)

2,240
1,316
(252)

840
588
336

20%
5%

Combination -w- Biased Stiffness - No limit


(168)
(420)
(840)
(420)
(672)

252
252
560
308
(252)

504
1,344
2,800
1,456
(504)

252
1,092
2,240
1,148
(252)

100%
52%

80%
47%

Weight Dist

672
420.0
840
420.0
168

9%
20%
11%

48%
100%
52%

0
(252)

39%
80%
41%

1
-840

1
(840)

Combination -w- Biased Stiffness - with limit


(168)

252

504

252

672

(420)

252

1,344

1,092

420

(840)
(420)
(672)

560
308
(252)

2,800
1,456
(504)

2,240
1,148
(252)

840
420
168

Effective Bias

50%

Stick Matrix - W-Accel 4WD or braking


225/45/17

337
710
373

255/40/17

1,426
2,966
1,540

Required Stick Corninering


Excess?
Corner
Remain
Accel
840.0
1,151.8
2,800.0
977.8
(2,800) 3,777.80
1,960.0 NEGATIVE

1,089 225/45/17
2,256
1,167 255/40/17

%Needed
8%
18%
9%

Needed

36%
75%
39%

28%
57%
29%

75%

Stick Matrix - W-Accel - Accel RWD


225/45/17

337
710
373

255/40/17

1,426
2,966
1,540

1,089
2,256
1,167

225/45/17

840.0
2,800.0
1,960.0 NEGATIVE

255/40/17

(2,800)

3,777.80

12%
16%
12%

51%
65%
49%

39%
50%
37%

Corner Req'd
1,426 <<<<Cornering Only!
4,545
3,119 =sqrt(Req'd Corner Stick - Stick F)^2+(S

CAREFUL! - Pwer only through Rear Wheels.


What If no LSD?

Fx =

2,800.00 Spinning tire!

Stick Matrix - W-Accel - Accel FWD


225/45/17

337
710
373

255/40/17

1,426
2,966
1,540

1,089
2,256
1,167

225/45/17

840.0
2,800.0
1,960.0

255/40/17

1,151.8

(2,800)

3,951.77

11%
15%
13%

46%
64%
55%

C ornering Grip (Fy)

What If no LSD?

Fy Vs. Fz
2,500.0

2,000.0

335/30/17
315/35/17

1,500.0

275/40/17
255/40/17

1,000.0

225/45/17
205/50/17

500.0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

Normal Force (Fz)

1600

1800

2000

39%
49%
42%

Fx =

3,070 =sqrt(Req'd Corner Stick - Stick R)^2+(S


4,611
1,540 <<<<Cornering Only!

2,800.00 Spinning tire!