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ADAMSONUNIVERSITY

COLLEGEOFENGINEERING
ELECTRONICSDEPARTMENT

DCPOWERSUPPLY

AGUSTIN,JUANCARLO
CASUGA,LOIKRISTOFFER
CONCEPCION,MARIYADENNISE
EBRADA,SHARELE
JAVISON,CHRISTIAN

Engr.JoanP.DELESPIRITU

MARCH14,2016

DiscussionofTheory:
The regulated dc power supply is designed to be use in application such as
poweringoperationalamplifier,pushpull,logiccircuits,anddefinitionwhereplusand
minus are required to track with in significant error and in application where three
independent power supplies housed in a single package represent an operating
convenience.
Aregulatedpowersupplyisusedtoensurethattheoutputremainsconstanteven
if the input changes. A regulated DC power supply is also called as a linear power
supply;itisanembeddedcircuitandconsistsofvariousblocks.Theregulatedpower
supplywillacceptanacinputandgiveaconstantdcoutput.Thestepdowntransformer
willhelptostepdownthevoltagefromtheacmainstotherequiredvoltagelevel.The
turnsratioofthetransformerissoadjustedsuchastoobtaintherequiredvoltagevalue.
Theoutputofthetransformerisgivenasaninputtotherectifiercircuit.Rectifierisan
electronic circuit consisting of diodes which carries out the rectification process.
Rectification is the process of converting an alternating voltage or current into
correspondingdirect(dc)quantity.Theinputtoarectifierisacwhereasitsoutputis
unidirectionalpulsatingdc.Usuallyafullwaverectifierorabridgerectifierisusedto
rectifyboththehalfcyclesoftheacsupply(fullwaverectification).Abridgerectifier
consistsoffourpnjunctiondiodes.

BlockDiagram:

Transformer

Rectifier

Filter

GeneralCharacteristics:

Transformertransferselectricalenergybetweentwoormorecircuits
throughelectromagneticinduction.

Regulator

Rectifierconvertsalternatingcurrent(AC),whichperiodicallyreverses
direction,todirectcurrent(DC),whichflowsinonlyonedirection
Filterprocessessignals
Regulatormaintainsthevoltageofapowersourcewithinacceptablelimit.

Materials:

Capacitor

:220F,35V
:100F,35V
Resistors
:1.5k,Watts
:100,Watts
ZenerDiode :1N4747A,1Watt
PrintedCircuitBoard(PCB)
ConnectingWires
Fuse
:1A

Procedure:
1. Designaschematicdiagramwitha220VACsourceusingthemultism.The
schematicdiagram
2. Runthecircuitandmeasuretheoutputvoltageusingthemultimeter.
3. Testthecircuitonabreadboardfortheactualreadingontheoutput.
4. Ifthedesiredoutputismet,putthecircuitintheultiboardandprintthelayouton
anacetate.
5. Immediatelyputtheprintedlayoutonthecopperboardandletitsettle.
6. Immersetheboardintotheetchingsolutionfor10minutesoruntilthe
surroundingcopperisremoved.
7. Rinsetheboardanddrytheboardandremovethepatternofthelayout.
8. Usingadrill,produceholesonthespecifiedareaswherethecomponentswillbe
placed.
9. Puteachcomponentonitsplacesanduseasolderingirontoholdthecomponents
inplace.
10. Plugthecircuitboardtotestfortheoutput.

SchematicDiagram:

Pcblayout

CircuitLayout:

ThefirstboxshowsthetransformerwiththeACsource.Atransformerof220
turns as the primary winding and 18 turns as the secondary was used by the group
becausetheoutputcomingfromthesecondaryproducesatleast20ACvolts.Thefuse
wasputtheretobeanindicationifthegrouphadafaultintheconnections.
Thesecondboxshowsthebridgetypefullwaverectifier.Thecentertappedfull
waverectifierrequiresdoublethenumberofsecondaryturnsthanthatofabridgetype
whenaimingforaspecificoutputvoltage.Forthisreason,thegroupusedthebridgetype
overacentertappedrectifier.Also,thebridgetypeismoreefficientthanthatofacenter
tappedrectifier.
Thethirdboxshowsthecapacitorusedbythegroup.A220Fcapacitorwas
usedforit produces small ripple voltageduringthe computation andsimulation. An
820F capacitor has been thought as an alternative capacitor for the groups circuit
becausetheripplevoltagethiscapacitorwouldproduceissmallerthanthe220F,but
duetoscarcityofthesupply,theideaofthisalternativewasdiscarded.
Thefourthboxshowsa390resistorinserieswiththezenerdiode1N4747A.
Thezenerdiodehasavalueof24V.Thiszenerdiodewasusedforitistheoutputthe
groupwantedtohave.Soifthisdiodegoestoonstate,thevoltageacrosstheload
resistorwillbethesameasthis.
Thelastboxshowstheloadresistanceof4.64k.Duringcomputation,this
resistor,withthe390 resistor,activatesthezenerdiodetoonstate.Sincethezener
diodeisononstate,thevoltageacrossthisresistoristhesameasthevoltageacrossthe
zenerdiode.

Computation:
V Secondary =

9
V
110 Primary

V Secondary =

9
( 220 V )
110

V Secondary =18 V rms

V peak =V rms 2
V peak =(18V rms ) 2
V peak (secondary) =25. 455 V

V P rectified =V peak (secondary )1.4 V


V P rectified =25.455 V 1.4 V
V P rectified =24.055 V

R L=1500
f full wave=120 Hz
C 1=220 F
C 2=100 F

V r ppk =

V p rect
f R L CT

V r ppk =

24.055 V
( 120 Hz )( 1500 ) ( 320 F )

V r ppk =0.418 V

V DC = 1

1
( V p rect )
2 f RL CT

1
( 24.055V )
(240)(1500 )(3 20 F)

V DC =23.846 V

r factor =

V r ppk
100
V DC

r factor =

0.418 V
100
23.846 V

r factor =1.75

TestiftheZenerDiodeisonOnState
V Z =20V

V L =( V DC )

RL
R+ R L

V L =( 23.846 V )

( 1001500
+1500 )

V L =22.356 V

Since V L >V Z ,thentheZenerdiodeisON.


V L =V Z =V O =20V

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