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cen72367_appx1.

qxd 11/17/04 4:34 PM Page 899

899
APPENDIX 1

k$1
B 2 $ (k " 1)Ma2
0.5(k$1)%(k"1)
A
1
2
k"1
!
ca
b a1 $
Ma2bd
A* Ma k $ 1
2
"k%(k"1)
P
k"1
! a1 $
Ma2b
P0
2
"1%(k"1)
r
k"1
! a1 $
Ma2b
r0
2
"1
T
k"1
! a1 $
Ma2b
T0
2

TA B L E A 1 3

Ma* ! Ma

One-dimensional isentropic compressible flow functions for an ideal


gas with k ! 1.4

tabla para fluido gas ideal,


compresible isentropico
unidireccional con k=1.4

Ma

Ma*

A/A*

P/P0

r/r0

T/T0

0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
5.0
'

0
0.1094
0.2182
0.3257
0.4313
0.5345
0.6348
0.7318
0.8251
0.9146
1.0000
1.1583
1.2999
1.4254
1.5360
1.6330
1.7179
1.7922
1.8571
1.9140
1.9640
2.2361
2.2495

&
5.8218
2.9635
2.0351
1.5901
1.3398
1.1882
1.0944
1.0382
1.0089
1.0000
1.0304
1.1149
1.2502
1.4390
1.6875
2.0050
2.4031
2.8960
3.5001
4.2346
25.000
'

1.0000
0.9930
0.9725
0.9395
0.8956
0.8430
0.7840
0.7209
0.6560
0.5913
0.5283
0.4124
0.3142
0.2353
0.1740
0.1278
0.0935
0.0684
0.0501
0.0368
0.0272
0.0019
0

1.0000
0.9950
0.9803
0.9564
0.9243
0.8852
0.8405
0.7916
0.7400
0.6870
0.6339
0.5311
0.4374
0.3557
0.2868
0.2300
0.1841
0.1472
0.1179
0.0946
0.0760
0.0113
0

1.0000
0.9980
0.9921
0.9823
0.9690
0.9524
0.9328
0.9107
0.8865
0.8606
0.8333
0.7764
0.7184
0.6614
0.6068
0.5556
0.5081
0.4647
0.4252
0.3894
0.3571
0.1667
0

3.0
A/A*

Compressible flow functions

2.5

2.0
Ma*
1.5

1.0
T/T0

0.5

r/r*
P/P0
0
0

0.5

1.0

1.5
Ma

2.0

2.5

3.0

cen72367_appx1.qxd 11/17/04 4:34 PM Page 900

900
FLUID MECHANICS

T01 ! T02

TA B L E A 1 4

(k " 1)Ma21 $ 2
Ma2 !
B 2kMa21 " k $ 1

One-dimensional normal shock functions for an ideal gas with k ! 1.4

P 2 1 $ kMa21 2kMa21 " k $ 1


!
!
P 1 1 $ kMa22
k$1
r 2 P 2%P 1
(k $ 1)Ma21
V1
!
!
!
r1
T2%T1
2 $ (k " 1)Ma21 V2
T2 2 $ Ma21(k " 1)
!
T1 2 $ Ma22(k " 1)
P 02 Ma1 1 $ Ma22(k " 1)%2 (k $ 1)/[2(k" 1)]
!
c
d
P 01 Ma2 1 $ Ma21(k " 1)%2

P 02 (1 $ kMa21)[1 $ Ma22(k " 1)%2]k%(k"1)


!
P1
1 $ kMa22

ONDA DE CHOQUE

Ma1

Ma2

P2/P1

r2/r1

T2/T1

P02/P01

P02/P1

1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0
4.0
5.0
&

1.0000
0.9118
0.8422
0.7860
0.7397
0.7011
0.6684
0.6405
0.6165
0.5956
0.5774
0.5613
0.5471
0.5344
0.5231
0.5130
0.5039
0.4956
0.4882
0.4814
0.4752
0.4350
0.4152
0.3780

1.0000
1.2450
1.5133
1.8050
2.1200
2.4583
2.8200
3.2050
3.6133
4.0450
4.5000
4.9783
5.4800
6.0050
6.5533
7.1250
7.7200
8.3383
8.9800
9.6450
10.3333
18.5000
29.000
&

1.0000
1.1691
1.3416
1.5157
1.6897
1.8621
2.0317
2.1977
2.3592
2.5157
2.6667
2.8119
2.9512
3.0845
3.2119
3.3333
3.4490
3.5590
3.6636
3.7629
3.8571
4.5714
5.0000
6.0000

1.0000
1.0649
1.1280
1.1909
1.2547
1.3202
1.3880
1.4583
1.5316
1.6079
1.6875
1.7705
1.8569
1.9468
2.0403
2.1375
2.2383
2.3429
2.4512
2.5632
2.6790
4.0469
5.8000
&

1.0000
0.9989
0.9928
0.9794
0.9582
0.9298
0.8952
0.8557
0.8127
0.7674
0.7209
0.6742
0.6281
0.5833
0.5401
0.4990
0.4601
0.4236
0.3895
0.3577
0.3283
0.1388
0.0617
0

1.8929
2.1328
2.4075
2.7136
3.0492
3.4133
3.8050
4.2238
4.6695
5.1418
5.6404
6.1654
6.7165
7.2937
7.8969
8.5261
9.1813
9.8624
10.5694
11.3022
12.0610
21.0681
32.6335
&

5.0
P02 /P1

P2 /P1

Normal shock functions

4.0

r2 /r1

3.0
T2/T1
2.0

1.0
Ma2
P02/P01

0
1.0

1.5

2.0
Ma1

2.5

3.0

cen72367_appx1.qxd 11/17/04 4:34 PM Page 901

901
APPENDIX 1

P0
2 $ (k " 1)Ma2 k%(k"1)
k$1
a
b
!
2
P*0 1 $ kMa
k$1

Ma(1 $ k) 2
T
!a
b
T*
1 $ kMa2

1$k
P
!
P* 1 $ kMa2

r* (1 $ k)Ma2
V
!
!
r
V*
1 $ kMa2

FLUJO DE RAYLEIGH

TA B L E A 1 5
Rayleigh flow functions for an ideal gas with k ! 1.4
Ma

T0/T 0*

P0/P 0*

T/T*

P/P*

V/V*

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0

0.0000
0.0468
0.1736
0.3469
0.5290
0.6914
0.8189
0.9085
0.9639
0.9921
1.0000
0.9787
0.9343
0.8842
0.8363
0.7934
0.7561
0.7242
0.6970
0.6738
0.6540

1.2679
1.2591
1.2346
1.1985
1.1566
1.1141
1.0753
1.0431
1.0193
1.0049
1.0000
1.0194
1.0777
1.1756
1.3159
1.5031
1.7434
2.0451
2.4177
2.8731
3.4245

0.0000
0.0560
0.2066
0.4089
0.6151
0.7901
0.9167
0.9929
1.0255
1.0245
1.0000
0.9118
0.8054
0.7017
0.6089
0.5289
0.4611
0.4038
0.3556
0.3149
0.2803

2.4000
2.3669
2.2727
2.1314
1.9608
1.7778
1.5957
1.4235
1.2658
1.1246
1.0000
0.7958
0.6410
0.5236
0.4335
0.3636
0.3086
0.2648
0.2294
0.2004
0.1765

0.0000
0.0237
0.0909
0.1918
0.3137
0.4444
0.5745
0.6975
0.8101
0.9110
1.0000
1.1459
1.2564
1.3403
1.4046
1.4545
1.4938
1.5252
1.5505
1.5711
1.5882

3.5
P0 /P0*
3.0

2.5
Rayleigh flow functions

T0
(k $ 1)Ma2[2 $ (k " 1)Ma2]
!
T 0*
(1 $ kMa2)2

2.0
V/V*
1.5

1.0
T0 /T 0*
0.5

T/T *
P/P*

0
0

0.5

1.0

1.5
Ma

2.0

2.5

3.0

cen72367_appx1.qxd 11/17/04 4:34 PM Page 902

902
FLUID MECHANICS

T0 ! T *0

TA B L E A 1 6

r0
P0
1 2 $ (k " 1)Ma2 (k$1)/2(k"1)
a
b
!
!
P*
r*
Ma
k$1
0
0

Fanno flow functions for an ideal gas with k ! 1.4

k$1
T
!
T* 2 $ (k " 1)Ma2

1/2
1
k$1
P
!
a
b
2
P* Ma 2 $ (k " 1)Ma

1/2
r*
k$1
V
! Ma a
!
b
r
V*
2 $ (k " 1)Ma2

fL* 1 " Ma2 k $ 1


(k $ 1)Ma2
!
$
ln
D
2k
kMa2
2 $ (k " 1)Ma2
puede usarse para ductos
cortos que nunca alcanzan
Ma=1 o largos con ma=1
FLUJO DE FANNO

Ma

P0/P 0*

T/T*

P/P*

V/V*

fL*/D

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0

&
5.8218
2.9635
2.0351
1.5901
1.3398
1.1882
1.0944
1.0382
1.0089
1.0000
1.0304
1.1149
1.2502
1.4390
1.6875
2.0050
2.4031
2.8960
3.5001
4.2346

1.2000
1.1976
1.1905
1.1788
1.1628
1.1429
1.1194
1.0929
1.0638
1.0327
1.0000
0.9317
0.8621
0.7937
0.7282
0.6667
0.6098
0.5576
0.5102
0.4673
0.4286

&
10.9435
5.4554
3.6191
2.6958
2.1381
1.7634
1.4935
1.2893
1.1291
1.0000
0.8044
0.6632
0.5568
0.4741
0.4082
0.3549
0.3111
0.2747
0.2441
0.2182

0.0000
0.1094
0.2182
0.3257
0.4313
0.5345
0.6348
0.7318
0.8251
0.9146
1.0000
1.1583
1.2999
1.4254
1.5360
1.6330
1.7179
1.7922
1.8571
1.9140
1.9640

&
66.9216
14.5333
5.2993
2.3085
1.0691
0.4908
0.2081
0.0723
0.0145
0.0000
0.0336
0.0997
0.1724
0.2419
0.3050
0.3609
0.4099
0.4526
0.4898
0.5222

3.0
P0 /P 0*

Fanno flow functions

2.5

2.0
V/V *
1.5

1.0
T/T *
0.5
fL*/D

P/P*

0
0

0.5

1.0

1.5
Ma

2.0

2.5

3.0