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THE PROBLEfiilST

SUPPLEftTIENT

l:E:Ef

ISSUE 16
JANUARY 1995
EDITOR:
SOLUTIONS EDITOR:
SELECTIONS EDITOR:

B D Stephenson, 9 Roydfield Drive, Waterthorpe, SHEFFIELD, S19 6ND


M McDowell, 136 St. Luke's Road, SOUTHEND-ON-SEA,Essex, SS2 4AG
J R Coward, 25 Elmwood Avenue, HARROW Middlesex, HA3 8AJ

All originals printed here tiake part in the nonnal

Problemist tourneys, so that publication in this supplement is equivalent to publication in the main magazine.

of mine, a

c s cRoucH

solution by

For this supplement, I am looking for straightforward


originals of all types, including endgame studies. ldea$y,

move, but still failedl I


tried hard to get some-

entertainment value. Please submit originals to me at th


above address. I would appreciate it if composers would
submit problems clearly drawn or stamped on diagrams,

would also be happy

if

thing longer

consoled myself with

composers could

the thought that if short


and sweet solutions are
good enough for the

great Kubbel they


should be good enough
for me too. Kubbel's

magazine.

In this issue endgame study composer (and ot-b

\Mite to play and draw

studies tend to be bright

C BEHTING
sth Pr., Balt. Schachblefter, 1908

confused, amused, frustrated and entertained.


Possibly the best way to interest the practical player in
studies is to show the most amusing parly pieces to a
relaxed audience.
Here is one of my orirn studies, nothing too probund
or lengthy, I harre to admit. The first two movs are
relatively sfaightbmard, but the third is difficult. A fiind

for

someone new to
studies to start. Another
study which has deremained

popular across the decades :s the following. lt


is gamelike in the sense
that a familiar struggle
with a far advanced
passed pawn is in-

BDS

Some over-the-board players take a lot of interest in


studies and problems; others, perhaps feeling themselves more sternly practically minded, avoid them
altogether. lt is interesting to note that lMs and GMs tend
to be more interested in solving than in composing. For
mysell the idea of entering a solving competition to see
who is technically most proficient at uncovering a
compose/s creative idea, is relatively boring. Composition itself has more appeal! The solver is there to be

and entertaining, and


would be a good place

servedly

volved.

SELECTIONS
by
Colin Crouch

and

deeper, but in the end

somehow hide the solution so that I may have a chance


of solving their originals. Many thanksl
The supplement has its own unified solving ladder and
all are eligible to enter it. Prizes are in line with the main

International Master) Colin Crouch provides our SELECTIONS column. Colin Russ's article on Anderssen and
Indians has prompted a response from Australia, and this
appears after the originals.
I have so far had only two suggestions for a new
name for this little magazine, both from the USA. Eugene
Dugas has come up with Knight Errant and Bob Bales
contributes Problem Chlld. This latter appeals to me, and
if no better title arrives before the next issue. Problem
Child it will be!

going

through every legal third

they should be pointed, well constructed, and have

please.

reasonably

strong club player, one


evening tried to find the

&d HM., Assiac MT.. 1988

lt is also Drob-

lem like, to a far greater

extent than most studies, in that there is a lot

White to play and draw

of emphasis on a single
startling key move.

to keep their big idea


hidden by a few moves of introductory play. Grouch.
1.8b5+ (The big danger is mate on the h-fi|e. Another
danger is shown by the line 1.892+? Ke2 2.f8=Q Rbl+)
1...Rxb5 2.f8=Q Rhs 3.b8=B! (and not 3.b8=Q? Rxh4+
4.Qxh2 93 5.Qxh4 92+ 6.Kh2 gl=Q+ 7.Kh3 Qg2 l*)
Generally study composers like

3...RxM+ 4.8h2 93 5.Qxf2+ and White is stalemated next


move. Behting. Black cannot be prevented from queening; the trick is to set up a positional draw. 1.Kc6! g1=Q

(1...h3 2.593+ Kh4 3.5e2

h2 4.SR+ Kh3 5.Sxh2

=\

2.Sxh4! G- 3.ShE and Black can do nothing; the king is


trapped, and the queen can do nothing by herself. \My
does the king have to go to the absurd square c6?
Because it is the only square which does not allow Black
a critical tempogaining queen check on move 2.

122

PS253 (McDowell) 1...O-O-O/C5 2.Qxc6/Qxa8; 1.Qh7t


(2.Qxo8) 1...O-O-O/Kd8/Kf8/S- 2.a8=Q/Qd7/Qf7/a(x)e7

followed by a white sacrifice to draw the king on to the


pin-line; however the solutions do not match precisely, as
the sacrificed rook provides another pin, while the
sacrificed knight simply carries out guard duties." (MM)
"Not a Derfect match. but rich in content and the
pin-mates are a surprise." (BPB) "Attractive pin-mates."
(KD) "Hard work!" (SE)

PS254 (Richards) 1.Oe1! (2.b5) 1...8d2/Rc3/Rcxe1/Rx2. KxcT/Qal /Ras/Sxcs/S(x)b8 "Clever di-

PS265 (Petite) 1.Sd2 Sxh4+ 2.Sxh4 Sxel; 1.Sd4 Sxel+


2.Sxe1 Sxh4 "Black's initial interference determines the
mating square, after which White must sacrifice in order
to allow the 92 knight to unguard the mating square."
(MM) "Double Treffpunkt with inversion of white moves."
(AE) (ln the Treffpunkt (or junction-point) theme a square

soLUTloNs (SEPTEMBER 1994)


;Neat-change affer 1...O-O-O." (J.Gill) "Can there be any
originality in such settings - even with the change afier
caitting?" (B.P.Barnes)" The change is the point, otherwise tliere is a forerunner by B.Pustowoi, Molodj sibirjak
1 962 r3kl s1/Bp6 l4K3l8l7 Ql24 #2 1.Oh7." (MM)
cs+/Rexe1, Rb8

versionary sacrifice, whilst eyeing a5." (J.Gill) "Subtle


threat." (C.Vaughan) "Good sacrificial key " (K.Dewhurst)

PS255 (Lincoln) 1.Se5? but 1...Sb21; 1.Sd6? 1.. Sb2


2.Res but 1...Se3!; 1.Re4? 1..,Se3 2.Rd4 but 1...8b3!;
1.Rc6! (2.Qxc4) 1...Bb3/Sb2,Sc5,Ses/Se3,Sd6 2 Qg2/
R(x)c5/R(x)d6 "Well-paired choice of tries and key for
quartet of rook mates with changed play." (BPB) "Each
tiy destroys a mate which was set for the move which
now refutes."

(1.

P.Gent)

PS256 (Morse) 1.b8=a! (2.Sf2) '1...8h3,Rxf5/Bc6/B else


2.Qh2/Bxc6/QxB "Seven square vacation defences from
the bishop - presumably a record." (BPB)

0 1...Sh-(+)/Rxf7+lsa-lRxa7 I
RxcS/Rb8/Re6/Rxd8/Rh8/Rg8 2.Q(x)94/Qxff/B(x)b5/
PS257 (Battaglia) 1.Ba6l

b8=S/bxc8=Q/cxb8=S/f8=S/cxd8=Qff8=Q/fxS

8=Q

"ln-

is guarded by more than one black piece, and

these

guards are consecutively eliminated.) "Difficult to solve,


and, I suspect, difficult to compose." (BPB) The composer has recently discovered that the problem was
published in the award of the "SR Macedonia" tourney,
which closed in 1989.
PS266 (Siotis) 1.Rd4 Rcs 2.Bc4 Rffs 3.8d3 Rces; 1.R95
Rf5 2.8d5 Rf3 3.Re5 Rff4 "Echoed mates, although the
shategy differs betriveen solutions. The waiting move
1...Rcs is surprising." (MM) "Finesse of 1.R95 etc. not
matched by the other solution, but the posltion is well
exploited." (BPB) "Bristol clearance in one line; tempo
play in the other." (KD)
PS267 (Vitale) 1.Kds Ba3 2.e4 Kb2 3.e5 Kc3 4.8e6 Se7

complete block with unprovided 1..Sc4 and 1 .Rxc8.

"Took some time to find the mating position." (SE)


"Elegant model, but why the BPfs?" (KD) "lt stops the

."(S.Emmerson)

cook 1.Kds Ba3 2.8f5 Kb2 3.e6/Be4 Kc3 4.8e4le6 Se7.


Alex Ettinger has computer-checked the setting BPf5 to
e6 and minus BBdT and pronounces it a sound

Nice puzzle." (lPG) "Neat waiter with varied promotions-

PS258 (Boumeester) 1.Se5! (2.RdO) 1.. Sexd4/Sbxd4/


Bxd4/Rxd4 2.QxgB/Ba2lSc3lf4 "Four attractive pinmates." (JG) "Well-motivated selfpins at d4." (BPB)

PS259 (McDowetl) Set 1...b4 2.Kd4 Kxb2 3.Kc4; 1.Ra6!

1...b4 2.Sa4

&

3.Sc5; 1...Kb4 2.8c2

Kcs

3.BfB

'iAttractive relief of stalemate switch." (BPB) "Subtle and


unexpected." (JG) "Try 1.Sd'1 Kb4 2.8f8+ but 1...b4!."
{SE)

ideal-mate miniature." (MM)

PS268 (Jonsson) 1.Ra3 Rb3 2.Kf4 Rxh3 3.Rf3 Kf6 4.Qe3


Rh4 "Reminiscent of PS266 both in mating paftern and
rook-shuffling. This time play incorporates a BR switchback. Not easy, and several near misses." (lPG) "A nice
mixed Turton with switchback." (AE)

PS269 (Buglos) 1.Scs? (2.8e5+/86+/Bg7+ Bg4) 1...8x-

or Rxi/ 2.Bxc5+iBe5+/86+ Bg4 but


...Rxh8! 1.8c5? (2.Sed6+/S6+ Bg4) 1...8x95/Bxc5
2.Sexg5+/Sxc5+ Bg4 but1..Rxr! l.Sf6? Rxl/! 1.8f6?

PS260 (Fomichev) 1.Sf1! (2.d3+ Sxd3 3.cxd3) 1...Qd5


2.c4+ any 3.a(x)d5; 1..Rd4 2.c3+ any 3.Q(x)d4; 1...Rb3

c5/Bd6/Bxg5

theme." (MM) "Albino, but the superfluous variations and

Rxh8! {.897! (2.Sed6+/Sf6+/Sc5+ Bg4) 1...8x95


2.Sexg5+ Bg4; 1..Rxf/ 2.hxg6+ Bhs "Nice separation of
try refutations and a subtle key make for an excellent
puzzle." (lPG) "Splendid self-interferences and a visionary key!" (BPB)

2.cxb3+ Sd3 3.8xd3;1...Ra3 2.c3+ Sd3/Rxb1 3.Qd4,Bxd3/Qd4; 1...Qa6 2.c4+ Rxbl/Sd3 3.Qd5/Qd5,Bxd3
"The c2 pawn moves to 4 squares, illustrating the Albino

short mates after'1...Sb2 and 1...Sd3 are

pity."

(A.Ettinger) "lnteresting Albino, but the out-of-play knight


looks a likely key piece." (KD)
PS261 (Mantha) 1.Ke3l

Kgl 2.Ke2+ Kh1 3.Kt3 d4 4.Kr2

"Amusing spiral king march, mocking his opponent "


(S.Klebes) "WK 'remote-controls' BK. Some light relief
with which to end the directmates." (SE)

PS262 (Mantha) (a) 1.0-0 Rh2 2.Rr Rh8; (b) 1.0-0-0


Rb2 2.Rd7 Rb8 "Easy but instructive for beginners."

(BPB) "Phases too similar to be interesting." (lPG)


"Castling and echoed models, but elementary." (SE)
"Cannot be original." (SK)
PS263 (Garai) (a) 1.Kd8 Qe4 2.Rcc7 Re8; (b) 1.Kel Rds
2.Qf2 Qd1 "Black selfblocks on square vacated by the
king, while \Nhite guards his mating square with a pinned
piece." (lPG) "Pointed as ever!" (BPB) "Harmonious, as
always with this composer." (AE)
PS26,4 (Jonsson) 1.Sc.4 Sxd4 2.Kxd4 Qd6; 1.Sf5 Rxe4
2.Kxe4 Rxd4'ln each solution an anticipatory self-pin is

'1

PS270 (Vertelka) 1.Sa4 Kf1 2.Ba1 Ke1 3.Rb2 Kfl 4.Q92+


Ke1 5.Re7+ Se2 6.Sf3+ Kd1 7.Sc3+ Sxc3 "Very satisfying to solve." (KD) "Tough, but at least the possible
mating positions were fairly limited." (lPG)

PS271 (Hammarstrom) '1... Of2 (lg3) 2.Kh2 (lg2) Ke4


(lf1);1.Kh2 (lh3) Oss (lhs) 2.Ks1 (lsa) Ks6 (lhs)
"Pleasing discovered mates." (KD) "Mating move by WK

in both

phases. The interesting thing about lmitator

problems is that the final position is determined from the


position of the other pieces, and not how they got there,
so if you can find a mating pattern with the I in the right
place you just have to hope that it is achieveable legally
in the required number of moves." (lPG)

PS272 (Sikda0 1.Kb5 6.a1=B 8.BM 't3.Ke1 14.d1=R


16.Re2 17.B,d2 Rfl 'Bravo. A most unusual and distinctive find.' (BPB) 'Not obvious that the a-pawn must
promote frst." (lPG)

PS273 (Mayhew) 2.Kd2 3.e1=B 4.Bxf2 S.Bel 7.f1=B

8.8d3 10.Kfl Bxd3 'Another quality

serieshelpmate;
a while to

again difficult and distinctive.' (BPB) "Took


realise that t2 must be captured.' (AE)

123
squares. (c) is after the key of (b) but without the wsf1.
'Watocress' was the nolr de plume of Jim Cresswell and
the late J Warton. Chris has done very well to get this
problem sound.

PS275 (Petkov) 1.bxa4 (NBf1) Kxa4 (NPa7) 2.a1=NB

A warm welcome to two three-movers from good


friends in lreland and Scotland. PS303 has a charming
elegance while PS304 (dedicated to John Beasley) has
more complexity. In PS305 we have a moremover from
Germany by one of the world's greatest composers. The
Supplement is certainly attracting some big names!

hard!).' (AE) 'Symmetrical play after move 1, and

playing first, co-operates with \r'Vhite so that Vvhite can


mate Black in the number of moves sDecified. PS306 has
two solutions, as has PS309 another contribution from

PS274 (Ramaswamy) 1.b4 3.Kd4 4.b3 7.l(xg2 8.Khl


10.91=8 12.Bxb2 13.8a1 14.b2 Qg3 = 'The BB paints
itself into the corner! (lPG) 'My favourite of the issue.'
(L.Vitale)'Nearly drove me to despair.'(AE)
a8=NB 3.bxa1=NB (NBcl) bxaS=NB (NBc8) 'A fantastic
mating position with 5 neutral bishops - I hope we get
more of Petkov's beautiful problems (but not quite so
Circe/Neutral combination used extensively. Pretty tough

fairy combination

to

understand,

but a

reasonably

straightforward example thereof." (lPG)

PS276 (TurnbulD 1.Sf1/Sf3? Rh2 2.Sxh2 but 1...Kb11


1.Rb8l Rb7 2.Rxb7 "A neat one-liner. \Mite clears the
b-fife in order to give Black a move (after 1...Rb7 2.Bxa'l?
is illegal because the VVK is in check) but must be ready
to capture the black rook, hence b8 ls the only square."

(MM) 'Only one line, but hard to see because of the


unusual fairy condition.' (lPG)'Delightful humour." (KD)

PS277 (Sobey) Intention 5.h1=B 6.Bxd5 7.B,a2 9.d4


10.dxe3 11.exf2 12.f1=Q 13.Qxf5 14.Qb1 19.f1=R 20.R6
21.Rxb6 22.Rb223.b6 24.bxc5 28.c1=S 29.Sb3 Ga3 but
there are many short cooks e.g. 5.Kxf5 7.Ke7 10.fxe3
12.e18 17.h1Q 18.Qh8 19.8a5 22.BbB 24.Kc7 25.Qd8 d6
(found by Brian Chamberlain).
PS278 (Burbach) Tries, all with the threat 2.Rf4 - 1.Rd8?
dxcs!; 1.Re8? d5!; 1.R92/Rg8/Rh8? h4!; 1.R8f3/R2f5/
R26? Rd4! i.R2fi/l & Rf4 "The rook travels uo the file to
eliminate the second potential mate RBf4, stopping at f7,
where the knight prevents a potential mate on the e-file
after 1...Rd4." (MM) "No interesting post-key play a
feature of this kind of chess? Key subtly distinguished
from tries." (lPG) "An interesting condition." (KD, sim. AE)

PS279 (Rice) 1.Of7! 0 1...Rxf7+ (WQd1)/Re1/B-/


Rg8,Rh7/95/d4lRe3 2.Qxc2 (BPc7)/Oxf3 (BPflyQxds
(BPdl/axg6 (BPg7)/Bfs/Bb7/Sxd2 "Excellent Circe demonstration. Only the bishop mates could be called

ordinary; 2.Sxd2 follows a correction move. Lots of Q


unpins, with line-openings to allow self-guards, and a
cross-check. Even 2.Qxg6, following both 1...Rh7 and
1...R98, employs different strategy in each case!" (SE)
"Superb variations, and surprisingly a waiter." (KD) "Very
elegant interferences." (JG)

Pankratiev has sent a correction to his PS35 which


appeared in issue 2 (July 1992). He moves the bRg5 to
e5.

MM

ORIGINALS
The '#2' under PS298 to PS302 means 'Vvhite to play
and mate in two moves against any defence.' PS303 to
PS305 are also directmates. but in more moves.

After our first two problems by experienced compos-

ers PS300 is a very welcome problem from

novice

composer Steven Emmerson. PS30l is another contribution from its seasoned and prolific author. PS302, by the

recently resurgent Chris Reeves, is dedicated to Jim


Cresswell and canies the motto 'Waiting for the bus.' lt
has three parb. (a) is the diagram position. (b) is after
the key of (a) bui with the pawns at a5 and c5 swapping

PS306

to

PS310 are helpmates

in which

Black,

the Bulgarian Grandmaster. PS307 and PS308 are


twins, which have two positions for solution. In each

crse part (a) is the diagram position and part (b) is the
diagram position adjusted as described under the diagram.

PS311 is the last selfmate in my folder. In this genre

\Mite plays first and forces an unwilling Black to mate


him. lf I do not receive any more original selfmates soon I
shall be forced to compose one myself - then you'll all be
sorry!
PS312 is a serieshelpmate in which Black plays a
sequence of consecutive moves (without Vvhite playing at
all) to reach a position where \Mrite can mate in one. Part
(a) is in 15 moves, but part (b), after moving the wBe'l to
dl, is in only 10 moves. This continues an impressive
series of serieshelpmates by the Indian expert.

Part (b) of PS313 uses the Symmetric Circe


condition in which captured pieces (except kings) get
replaced on the square symmetrically related to the
capture square. Thus 1.Rxb2? is illegal self-check as the

wQ gets replaced on 97. As a further example, a piece


captured on e3 would be replaced on d6. Part (a) of this
problem is an orthodox helpmate.
PS314 features Sentinel Chess. In this form, when a
king or a piece (not a pawn) moves, it leaves behind on
the square it left a pawn of its own colour. This rule does
not apply when the move is from the first or the eighth
ranks or when the application of the rule would lead to
more than 8 oawns on either side. In these cases moves
are normal. This problem also uses Vaos and Paos,
which are two of the family of Chinese Pieces. The Pao
moves on rook lines, but captures along those lines by
hopping over the first piece (of either colour) it encounters to capture an enemy piece on the next occupied

square beyond. The Vao

is similar but

operates on

bishop lines. Having experimented with a few problems


using the combination of this fairy condition with these
fairy pieces, I think I can say that there are great
strategical possibilities waiting to be discovered.
PS3l5 is a further examole of Exclusive Chess from
Mr Burbach. In this genre, mate is only allowed when the
mating move is unique. Thus 1.97 is not a legal mate
because 1.e7 is another illegal mate.
. PS316 is not diagrammed because the solver must
provide the diagram. lt is by Colin Russ and is after K
Fabel, Die Schwalbe, 1937. Construct a position with only
kings and rooks on the board where Ur'hite can mate ih
one in four ways. Use as few men as possible.
Send your solutions and comments to Michael Mc-

Dowell (address

on ftont page) within 2 months of

receiving this issue. Enjoy your solving!

BDS

PS3OO S EMMERSON

PS298 IMURAMSU

(Reading)

(Romania)

PS3O,I D J SHIRE

PS3O2 A C REEVES
(Burtord)

(Cantetuury)

#2

PS3O3 A BELL
(lreland)

(b) & (c) see text

After'Watocress'

PS3O4 B EDWARDS
(Paisley)

PS3O5 H P REHM
(GemanY)

PS3O6 M PEVSNER
(lsrael)

HtF2 2 solutions

DedicatedtoJDBeasley

125

PS3O7 J BEREZNOJ

PS3O8 VDUDCHENKO

(Russb,

H#2 (b) bPd3 -> e3

H#3 (b) bKe4 -> b5

Ht'3 2 solutions

PS3IO A A GRIGORIAN

PS31{ M ERENBURG

PS3I2 N SIKDAR

(Atmenia)

(lsraeD

(ndia)

SH#15 (b) wBel -> dl & SH#10

PSs13 VNEBOTOV

PS3I4BDS&MMCDOWELL

(Uknine)

H#2 (b) Symmetric Circe

PS315 J J BURBACH

(Shefiield & Southend)

#2

Sentinel Chess
Vao M; Paos b3,c1

(Nethedands)

#5

Exclusive Chess

126

A FOOTNOTE TO "TURNING AN ANDERSSEN INTO AN INDIAN"

Can anybody secure these beautiful tasks in miniature?

by
lan Shanahan
Although

I am a

RECONSTRUCTIONS

mere novice when

it

comes to

moremou6rs, it seems to me that diagram (D) in Colin


Russ's stimulating article (The Problemist Supplement
No.13, July 199a, p.103) can be improved Specifically'
Dr Speckmann's problem suffers from the presence or
the wPds, a cook-stopping plug which prevents the key
wBhl advancing beyond e4 on the h1-a8 diagonal' and
solver is concerned - "" tar ai tni: pragmatic
"o
the thematic try '1.8f3? because it directly flags
ous"ures
tfre wB's true destinati6n (1.Be4l). Such a plug | find
ineleoant, so I resolved to eliminate it. An obvious, but
much- nicer. substitute method of delimiting the key wB is
to utilise the edge of the board:

(Observe

(A) ISHANHAN
Original after C A H Russ & W
Speckmann

that traverses two critical squares would be even more


desirable here. Again, my own searches for this Utopian
thematic blend were long and hard - yet ultimately futile.

that

have orientated

mY

units standing

on

Hans Burbach from Hilversum in the Netherlands has


written to me about that unsound #3 by his teacher and
friend F W Nanning, which I featured a lot last year. He
tells me that the problem's faults had been discovered in
1988 upon its publication in the Polish encyclopaedia
Szachy od A do Z. lt appears that it was subsequently
nnrrcnled by
hv the
ihe Polish composer
comooser Stefan
Stefan Milewski - a
corrected
lngre. All this was
version similar to that of Bengt lngre.
reoorted

in

Probleemblad SepVOct 1988

My challenge in the September issue to correct a #4


bv Frankenstein has resulted in two correct versions,
both given below. They

MORICE

Version of Frankenstein

problem so as to maximise the number of


white squares, a common device among
problemists who care
about the visual clarity

Fairy Chess are fea-

2.KfS (Kxe5?

Stale-

3.Qxh7+ Kd5 4.Qb7#;


1...11""4 2.566+ Kxd3
3.Qb1+ Kd2,Kc3 4.Se4#

with the two

course.

a wRdl (it remains immobile, surprisingly)

solution but with the


#4
E A DUGAS
Version of Frankenstein

of
is

required to create barriers for the bK more lavish use of white force than in Dr Speckmann's
composition. But economy isn't everything! Here' the try
1.8d4? is rendered crystal clear and thus the key is not
so looarent. The wS, moreover, works nicely to guard
both f4 and f2, a faclot that may serve to augmenl
solvino difflcultv because the wS ostensibly undertakes
onlv t-he first function. (Colin Russ and Dr Speckmann
bot'h engage their wS similarly.) Note that the wK is sited
on f6 rJth-er than on 96, e6 or 95: wKg6 removes the
double guard of e5, but forfeits the stalemate avoidance
at movJ2 since the wK is no longer able to capture the
bP; the other alternatives both provoke different (initial)
double guards in the bK's field - a breach of economy and wKgs also highlights the ws's role in the mating net
(hence offers a clue to the solution).
A more economical setting is 16l4p1K1l4k3l8l4B3l
3R2P1/8 #4, with an analogous solution to (A)' but it is
decidedly inferior in my opinion: the outlying wP points.to
the soluiion; the wRd2 (\ihy has it not been put on d1,
sav?) also ieads directly to the problem's solution; and
th6 above mentioned stalemate avoidance is lost.
So, what remains to be done? I tried to extend Russ's
'walk a longer plank', and giving
.idea - by
-a making the bK
mv wR move - into a miniature #5 or more, but was
udable to compose a sound setting which retained both
his critical key (he Indian theme) and an Anderssen
mate. A lengthy miniature Indian-Anderssen with a key

model

mates demanded. The


Dugas has the same

mate!) e4 3.Kg4l Ke2

4.Kt4 #. Now,

both composers moving


the wsbs to c8. The
Morice has the solution
1.Qb7 (2.Qxh7+ Kf6
3.Q96#) 1...Rd7 2.Qxd7

(3.Qxe6#) 2...Kxe4

of their printed diagrams - though, obvF


ously, positional reflection cannot be employed when castling
or certain forms of
tured.) The solution is:
1.8h5! (Bg4?) Ke3

are very similar, with

without doubt a

added variation 1...R92


2.Qh7+ Kf6 3.Qe7+ Kf5
4.Oxe6#. What do readers think? ls bR better
than bS + bP, especially
with the extra variation.
Or is the extra variation
unimoortant? This editor
is not going to make a
judgementl

The new book Schlecter! by Warren Goldman contains 20 oroblems composed by the
Vlennese master. Sadly
6 of them are unsound.
Can anybody correct

this one?

Solution:
1.56! (2.Se4 & 3.095#)

1...exi6 2.Q93+ Kfs


3.e4#; 1...Kfs 2.Se4
1909& 1911

(3.ag5#) 2...e5 3.94# ol


2.Sd7 & 3.94#; 1...KxE

2.Q97+ Kfs 3.94#;

1...Kd6 2.Qb8+ Kcs

3.Qc7,Sd7# lt would be

nice

to get rid of

the

dual after 1...Kfs and


the dual mate 3.Qc7 in
the final variation. More
important is the elimination of the cook 1.Sxe7
(2.Q93+ KfO 3.Q97#)
1...Kd6 2.Od8+ Kes/Kcs
3.Qd4/Qc7,Qd4#

BDS

127

THE RECIPROCAL HELPMATE

for

Black

1st Prize. SEPA-so. 1988

3 e5 (A) Rb7#.

mates

to be

help-

com-

on move 2, e7

on

cal interchange

of

move 3). The recipro-

Black's third moves is


particularly fine. This
comes about because

the bP must
Reci-H#3 1.2t1.1i1.1

radically different white


and black mating positions are by no means obvious and make a welcome

must on the one hand

(4) M CATLLAUD

be able to give mate

and on the other hand


play so that \ /hite can

give mate. Part

DOnUS.

1st Prize. Munoz Jub.. 1989

Why should one


not show a blacUwhite
Platzwechsel combined with a white

(a)

Grimshaw, Michel

solves as follows: 1
Rhs Ke2 2 Ke4 Se7
and now Black can
mate with 3 Rh2# or

Caillaud must have


wondered, and so
composed (4):

Bb3 Bc2

be mated by 3 Res Rb4#. The same mating position


recurs in (b) one rank higher (so a chameleon echo): 1
Rc1 56 2 Rc6 Se8 3 Rc3# and 3 Re6 Rbs#. Amazingly
enough this miniature shows reciprocal change of

and 3 RbO
(where

the bB

And what

314 Ptize, Problemas. 1988

one
solution, but it would
probably be too much
to expect a doubling of

white and black Tur-

tons: 1 Qh8

(lineclearance for the bB)


Ra4 (line-clearance for
the WQ) 2 Bg7 Qb4 3

Bb2# and 3

el

Ba4#
was).

must

surely work with the

Rs as well? Certainly,
as (b) shows: 1 Rd7
Re7 2 Rd2 Be4 (Grimshaw) 3 Re2# (where the WR was)
and 3 Kb6 Rb7# (where the BR was). All this with only 12
pieces and model-mates; what more could one ask for?

(5) MKovAcEvrc&ocoMAY
1st Prize. Benidorm. 1990

Ohs

Perhaps (5), which


was composed during
the FIDE gathering in
Benidorm for a theme

Qxf4#. One character-

for

istic of the reciDrocal


helpmate is particularly clearly displayed
by this problem:

tourney

sibilities are consider-

Bdsl Rc8#. ln each


case a double R/B

Kc4 2 Rd2 Kc3

Se4# and 3

RdSl

Ra1#. (b) 1 Bds KdG 2


Bf7 Ke7 3 Sf5# and 3

ably greater than in


the normal helpmate.

Grimshaw on d5, the


first time to allow the

This is because both Black's and Vvhite's rnoves are


motivated in several ways. For example, the move Ra4
blocks a \wK-flight {helping Black to mate) and at the
same time guards the wQ on f4 (helping \Mrite to mate).
lmpurity of aim is thereby programmed in, but in my
opinion it is unavoidable and indeed even desirable. Afier
all, both Ks are to be mabd, so each rnove should have

reciprocal

helpmates: (a) 1 Rds+

Black's strategic pos-

Reci-H#3

happens

with the Bs
Reci-H#3 (b) wKg6 ->

(2) has only

(a)

Be6 Re4

(Grimshaw) 3 Bfs#
(where the wB was)

function between the two bRs.

(2) JFULPTUS&MMUNOZ

either

give a mate or avoid


giving that mate. The

posed. lf one applies


the above definition to

this example, Black,


on his third move,

RecFH#3 (b) wRb3 -> b4

So

threefold seoaration of
the double P-move (c7

(l), one of the

first reciprocal

runs: 1 f2 Be4 2 c6
Bd3 3 e5# (A) and 3

eO (B) c5#. 1...8xa8 2


c5+ Kds 3 e6# (B) and

clarification, let us ex-

amine

in

The solution to (3)

(3) Y CHEYLAN

For the sake of


achze itung, 1928

White.

practice...).

The reciprocal helpmate (also known as the Graz

(1) W PAULY

as well as for

theory; unfortunately things seem rather different

helpmate) was first shown by Dr. J.Dohm-L0ftgens in


1926, but apart from occasional examples it never really
caught on. Only in the last few years has any genuine
interest been shown in it, which is why I should like to
present a few problems having this stipulation. lt can be
defined as follows:
A normal helpmate with the added condition that, after
White's penultimate move, a position must have aiisen in
which Black can give an immediate mate.

S ch

positive effect

Incidentally the danger of cooks is reduced, and ambitious theme-combinations are easier to show (at least in

by Markus Manhart
(Translated by John Rice)

ChemniEe r

\A/K through and the


Reci-tlrE! (b) bKa3 -> gE

for a
interference.
R-minimal as

second time

proper

And
well!

(6)MiIANHART&FPACHL
1st Prize. Prcblemas. 1991

FIDE

seem

to

124
gatherings

encourage
productivity. (6) was

(A)

also composed at a
FIDE gathering, in

1.Qh8? (2.Rc4 #)

but
1...Sf6! 1.f4? (2.Rc4 #)
Rxes 2.fxe5 # but

ready enough tour-

neys going on there).


We started the prob-

1...Qxd2! 1.S94? (2.Rc4

#)

lem on the first

#)

during the final ban-

are attractive features,


as is the case with (7):
(a) 1 e6 (unpin of bB)

feenschach,1992

Ka4 (change of pin2 Be4 (unpin of

line)

wB and formation of a

masked battery) Bb3

#2 (tries)

The judge said that


the matrix had Darticular
wortn.

The more-mover award is full of some extremely fine


problems, most of them in the New-German tradition,
showing first move tries and introductory manoeuvres to
enable the tries to work. (Readers interested in this kind
of problem should read Jorg Kuhlmann's column in the
main magazine, where such things are well explained.)
Again, the problem that particularly took my fancy, (B)
was futher down the award, and is an intense working of
the switchback idea. ln
each variation, and the
(B) S TROMMLER
threat, there is a white
switchback, and a black
3rd Comm.. Schiller MT. 1993/4

switchback! The solu-

tion is:
1.Rh7 (2.Se6+ Kxds
3.Sc7+ Kd4 4.Rd7 #)

1...Sb4 2.Rxb4+ Kxcs


3.Rb5+ Kd4 4.Se6 #;

Exactly the same motives are seen in (b): 1


Bg5 Khl 2 Re4 Rgl 3

1...Rxh7 2.Qxe3+ Kxes


3.Qf4+ Kd4 4.Bxf6 #.
The judge notes that

Bf7

it

appears to be constructed without any effort, but asks if perhaps

Rxg5#.
91

You will no doubt have realised that I have shown


only 3-movers. This is no coincidence, for my collection
contains only very few two-movers and more-movers with
more than one solution. ls that not sufficient reason for
having a go yourself?

HARMONIE AND NEW YEAR GREETINGS

the play could

the latest 2o-page issue of Harmonie, a German problem


magazine edited and produced by Torsten Linss.
In the same envelope there was a booklet containing
Tourney,

1993/4. lt starts with a brief biography of Schiller which


gives three of his problems, and then launches into the
award itseli There were two sections; the first for
two-movers judged by Friz Hoffmann, the second for
more-movers, judged by Dieter Muller.
The top places in the two-mover award, as is common

ful.

By the way, il like me, you wish to subscribe to the


excellent Harmonie, Torsten's address is Weberstrasse
9, D-99734 Nordhausen, Germany. The annual subscription is 15 DM.

at the bottom of the page is

my

problem to send my new year greetings to all my problem


friends all around the world. For an exDianation of the
PaobT and VaoeS see
p.123. The other ChiB D STEPHENSON
nese pieces, the Maos
Original
at c5, f3 and f5 move
like knights but in two
steps, the flrst orthogonal and the second di-

agonal. Thus

the

bMaofs can only play to


e7, 97 and e3. No
space to give the solution, but you'll all be

these days, are filled with problems showing modern


themes, most with more than one try and some showing

complex pattern play with lettered mates. However, some


were simpler, (though none purely traditional) and (A)
took my fancy. Vvhite wants to threaten 2.Rc4 #, and to
this end he can put a further guard on e5 in 4 different
ways. They all unpin the bRe4 leading to changed play

have

been a little less force-

Filling the gap


Just as I was finishing off this issue and wondering
what to fill this space with, through the letter-box came

the award in the Gunter Schiller Memorial

but

1...Qxc2/Rxf4 2.Sexczl

and 3 Rg7 (block on


the pin-line) Bxe6#.

Reci-H#3 (b) wKb3 ->

LBf4l (2.Rc4
RxeS 2.Bxe5 #;

Qxf4 #.

(block, and unmasking


of the black baftery) 3
Bc6# (battery-mate)

Rh4# and 3

Rxes 2.Sxe5

1...Qxc2!

evening and finished it

(7) MMANHART

one of
The tull

Rxes 2.Qxe5 #

if there were not al-

white and black play

of

1...Rxes

course, onty
them works.
solution is:

1991 in Rotterdam (as

quet, so that I missed


some of the speeches,
as there was unfortu(b)
bl=bS
Reci-H#3
nately no computer in
the dining-room for immediate testing. But I think it was worth it: (a) 1 Bc2 Rc8
2 Rc7 Bg5+ 3 Bxgs# and 3 Kd7 Rd8#. (b) 1 Sd2 Bh6 2
Bg5 Rc7+ 3 RxcT# and 3 K6 Bg7#. The perfect harmony
between the two parts and the smooth interlocking of the

after

trr BARTH

sth HM., Schiller MT, 1993/4

to solve it, won't


you? Whafs the vague
connection to the Tromable

metll4?
#3 Chinese Pieces

BDS