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Metric

V = 40 km/h
Trav Way (m) = 3.6
Used 3.6 m
R (ft)
328
2292
100
22966
19685
16404
13123
9843
8202
6562
4921
4593
4265
3937
3609
3281
2953
2625
2297
1969
1640
1312
1099
1001
984
820
755
738
656
640
574
492
459
443
427
410
394
377
361
344
328
312
295
279

Deg of Curv
17 27' 50"
2 30' 00"
57 17' 45"
0 14' 58"
0 17' 28"
0 20' 57"
0 26' 12"
0 34' 56"
0 41' 55"
0 52' 23"
1 9' 51"
1 14' 51"
1 20' 36"
1 27' 19"
1 35' 15"
1 44' 47"
1 56' 26"
2 10' 59"
2 29' 41"
2 54' 38"
3 29' 34"
4 21' 57"
5 12' 47"
5 43' 33"
5 49' 17"
6 59' 08"
7 35' 35"
7 45' 42"
8 43' 55"
8 57' 21"
9 58' 45"
11 38' 33"
12 28' 27"
12 56' 10"
13 26' 01"
13 58' 16"
14 33' 11"
15 11' 09"
15 52' 34"
16 37' 56"
17 27' 50"
18 22' 58"
19 24' 15"
20 32' 44"

Values for Design Elements Re

eMax = 10%
NC = 4.00%
# Lanes = 1
Rev. 8/15/2003

R (m)
100
699
30
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2500
2000
1500
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
335
305
300
250
230
225
200
195
175
150
140
135
130
125
120
115
110
105
100
95
90
85

(19 mph)
30 km/h
Lr
e
5.5%
26
NC
9.9%
48
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
4.0%
19
4.3%
21
4.4%
21
4.5%
22
4.7%
23
4.8%
23
5.0%
24
5.1%
24
5.3%
25
5.5%
26
5.7%
27
5.9%
28
6.1%
29

Rmin =

25 m

Rmax for spiral use =

53 m

Ls(des) =
Ls(min)

Ls(best)

22

26

17 m
Ls(max)
Calc. e
49

16

27

27
26
25
25
24
24
23
23
22
22
21
21
20

60
58
57
56
55
54
53
51
50
49
48
46
45

24
24
24
24
25
26
27
28
29

0.055056
0.009815
0.098757
0.001009
0.001177
0.001411
0.001762
0.002345
0.002809
0.003504
0.004654
0.004981
0.005358
0.005796
0.006312
0.006929
0.007679
0.008611
0.009801
0.011372
0.013541
0.016728
0.019745
0.021535
0.021865
0.025817
0.027823
0.028373
0.031481
0.032184
0.035332
0.040217
0.042552
0.043819
0.045157
0.046574
0.048076
0.049668
0.051358
0.053151
0.055056
0.057078
0.059222
0.06149

262
246
230
213
197
180
164
148
131
115
98
82

21 49' 47"
23 17' 06"
24 56' 54"
26 52' 02"
29 6' 23"
31 45' 08"
34 55' 39"
38 48' 30"
43 39' 34"
49 53' 47"
58 12' 45"
69 51' 18"

80
75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25

6.4%
6.6%
6.9%
7.2%
7.5%
7.8%
8.2%
8.6%
9.1%
9.5%
9.9%
10.0%

31
32
33
35
36
37
39
41
44
46
48
48

20
31
19
32
18
33
18
35
17
36
16
15
15
14
14
16
19
R(min) = 25 m

44
42
41
39
38
36
35
33
31
29
27
24

Variables
R_List
0.1%
1
2
M_List

Radius list toggle


Superelevation rounding
m (3.3 ft) rounding
_num
1 Is this Metric?
Radius list used
Go to top

Min. Ls(best) occurs at R =


Go to top

125

0.06388
0.066381
0.068975
0.071772
0.074869
0.078296
0.082078
0.086208
0.090612
0.095033
0.098757
0.099803

Design Elements Related to Design Speed and Horizonal Curvature (Exhibit 3-24)
(25 mph)
40 km/h
Lr
e
7.7%
40
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
4.0%
4.0%
4.2%
4.5%
4.6%
5.1%
5.1%
5.6%
6.2%
6.4%
6.6%
6.7%
6.9%
7.0%
7.2%
7.4%
7.5%
7.7%
7.9%
8.2%
8.4%

21
21
22
23
24
26
26
29
32
33
34
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

Rmin =

45 m

Rmax for spiral use =

95 m

Ls(des) =
Ls(min)

Ls(best)

22

40

38
38
35
33
33
31
31
29
27
26
25
25
24
24
23
23
22
22
21
21
20

29
32
33
34
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

22 m
Ls(max)
Calc. e
49

86
85
77
74
73
69
68
65
60
58
57
56
55
54
53
51
50
49
48
46
45

0.077407
0.017001
0.075507
0.00179
0.002086
0.0025
0.003118
0.004144
0.004959
0.006174
0.008177
0.008744
0.009395
0.010152
0.01104
0.012099
0.013381
0.014967
0.016978
0.019609
0.023198
0.028373
0.033155
0.035935
0.036443
0.042399
0.04533
0.046123
0.0505
0.051467
0.055675
0.061782
0.064495
0.065905
0.067344
0.068809
0.070338
0.071957
0.07367
0.075485
0.077407
0.079439
0.081585
0.083844

Rmin =
(31 mph)
50 km/h
Lr
e
9.5%
53
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
4.0%
4.4%
4.8%
4.8%
5.6%
5.9%
6.0%
6.6%
6.7%
7.1%
7.8%
8.1%
8.3%
8.5%
8.6%
8.8%
9.0%
9.1%
9.3%
9.5%
9.6%
9.8%
9.9%

22
24
27
27
31
33
33
37
37
39
43
45
46
47
48
49
50
50
52
53
53
54
55

Rmax for spiral use =


Ls(des) =
Ls(min)

Ls(best)

22

44
40
38
38
35
33
33
31
31
29
27
26
25
25
24
24
23
23
22
22
23
25
26

33
33
37
37
39
43
45
46
47
48
49
50
50

8.6%
8.9%
9.1%
9.4%
9.6%
9.8%
10.0%
10.0%

44
46
47
48
49
50
51
51

20
19
18
18
19
21
23
25

44

44
42
41
39
38
36
35
33

R(min) = 45 m
Min. Ls(best) occurs at R =
Go to top

175

0.086208
0.088662
0.091172
0.093679
0.096075
0.098174
0.099646
0.099892
0.097798
0.091185
0.075507
0.040385

10.0%
10.0%

55
55

28
30

R(min) = 75 m
m

Min. Ls(best) occurs at R =


Go to top

230

75 m
148 m
28 m
Ls(max)
Calc. e
49

98
90
86
85
77
74
73
69
68
65
60
58
57
56
55
54
53
51
50
49
48
46
45

0.094777
0.023135
-0.10557
0.002467
0.002875
0.003445
0.004295
0.005703
0.006821
0.008483
0.011216
0.011988
0.012874
0.013902
0.015106
0.016539
0.018272
0.020407
0.023105
0.026617
0.03137
0.038145
0.04431
0.047846
0.048487
0.055907
0.059476
0.060431
0.065612
0.066733
0.071499
0.078283
0.08133
0.082923
0.084559
0.086234
0.08794
0.089666
0.091397
0.093111
0.094777
0.09635
0.097768
0.098943

44
42

n) = 75 m
m

0.099746
0.099992
0.099411
0.097595
0.093929
0.087444
0.076587
0.05876
0.029427
-0.0198
-0.10557
-0.26431

Speed2

Current eMax =

10.0%

Superelevation Table

Speed (km/h)

Vr (km/h)

MRG

Ls(des)

Rmin

Rpi

hPI

S1

20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130

0.18
0.17
0.17
0.16
0.15
0.14
0.14
0.13
0.12
0.11
0.09
0.08

20
30
40
47
55
63
70
77
85
91
98
102

0.80%
0.75%
0.70%
0.65%
0.60%
0.55%
0.50%
0.47%
0.44%
0.41%
0.38%
0.35%

11
17
22
28
33
39
44
50
56
61
67
72

11.24859
26.24672
46.66083
75.71169
113.3858
160.7612
209.9738
277.3023
357.9098
453.6933
596.7675
739.2826

31.49606
70.86614
125.9843
173.937
238.189
312.5197
385.8268
466.8504
568.8976
652.0472
756.2205
819.2126

0
0
0
0.013173
0.019008
0.023457
0.030612
0.036617
0.038408
0.046118
0.049938
0.062438

0
0
0
2.291339
4.527559
7.330709
11.81102
17.09449
21.85039
30.07087
37.76378
51.14961

fmax Side friction factor


Vr Running speed
MRG Maximum relative gradient

Rmin =
Rpi =
hPI =
S1 =
S2 =
MO =

Exhibit 3-14
Exhibit 3-26
Exhibit 3-27

V^2/(127*(eMax+f))
Vr^2/(127*eMax)
eMax*((V/Vr)^2-1)
hPI*Rpi
(f-hPI)/(1/Rmin-1/Rpi)
1/RPI*(1/Rmin-1/Rpi)*(S2-S1)/2*Rmin

Ls(des) = V x 2 sec x (1000/3600)


x(spiral) = [V x (1000/3600)]^2/1.3 m/s2
Constants
pmin
C
pmax
round
Ls
DxR

Metric
0.2
1.2
1
3
0.0214
1
M_list
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2500
2000
1500
1400
1300

Equation 3-10
Equation 3-13
Equation 3-14
Equation 3-15
Green Book, page 164
Green Book, page 164
Exhibit 3-34
Exhibit 3-33

US Customary
0.66
4
3.3
10
3.15
5729.578
R_list
23000
20000
17000
14000
12000
10000
8000
6000
5000
4000

0 14' 57"
0 17' 11"
0 20' 13"
0 24' 33"
0 28' 39"
0 34' 23"
0 42' 58"
0 57' 18"
1 8' 45"
1 25' 57"

D_list
22918
11459
7639
5730
4584
3820
3274
2865
2546
2292

0 15' 00"
0 30' 00"
0 45' 00"
1 0' 00"
1 15' 00"
1 30' 00"
1 45' 00"
2 0' 00"
2 15' 00"
2 30' 00"

1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
335
305
300
250
230
225
200
195
175
150
140
135
130
125
120
115
110
105
100
95
90
85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25

3500
3000
2500
2000
1800
1600
1500
1400
1200
1000
965
900
835
800
760
750
700
660
600
510
500
465
450
425
400
380
375
350
325
300
275
250
225
200
185
175
170
150
125
115
105
100
75
Bottom

1 38' 13"
1 54' 35"
2 17' 31"
2 51' 53"
3 10' 59"
3 34' 52"
3 49' 11"
4 5' 33"
4 46' 29"
5 43' 46"
5 56' 15"
6 21' 58"
6 51' 42"
7 9' 43"
7 32' 20"
7 38' 22"
8 11' 06"
8 40' 52"
9 32' 57"
11 14' 04"
11 27' 33"
12 19' 18"
12 43' 57"
13 28' 53"
14 19' 26"

15 4' 40"
15 16' 44"
16 22' 13"
17 37' 46"

19 5' 55"
20 50' 05"
22 55' 06"
25 27' 53"
28 38' 52"
30 58' 14"
32 44' 26"
33 42' 12"
38 11' 50"
45 50' 12"
49 49' 21"
54 34' 03"
57 17' 45"
76 23' 40"

Bottom

2083
1910
1763
1637
1528
1432
1348
1273
1206
1146
1042
955
881
819
764
716
674
637
603
573
521
477
441
409
382
358
337
318
302
286
273
260
239
220
205
179
159
143
119
102
90
75

2 45' 00"
3 0' 00"
3 15' 00"
3 30' 00"
3 45' 00"
4 0' 00"
4 15' 00"
4 30' 00"
4 45' 00"
5 0' 00"
5 30' 00"
6 0' 00"
6 30' 00"
7 0' 00"
7 30' 00"
8 0' 00"
8 30' 00"
9 0' 00"
9 30' 00"
10 0' 00"
11 0' 00"
12 0' 00"
13 0' 00"
14 0' 00"
15 0' 00"
16 0' 00"
17 0' 00"
18 0' 00"
19 0' 00"
20 0' 00"
21 0' 00"
22 0' 00"
24 0' 00"
26 0' 00"
28 0' 00"
32 0' 00"
36 0' 00"
40 0' 00"
48 0' 00"
56 0' 00"
64 0' 00"
76 0' 00"
Bottom

Speed3
S2

MO

Rmax(spiral)

Speed (MPH)

Vr (MPH)

MRG

Ls(des)

Rmin

3.149606
7.086614
12.59843
19.68504
28.34646
38.58268
50.3937
63.77953
78.74016
95.27559
113.3858
133.0709

0.032143
0.031481
0.031481
0.028236
0.026198
0.02428
0.022789
0.020301
0.018544
0.01521
0.010543
0.004878

23.74169
53.4188
94.96676
148.3856
213.6752
290.8357
379.867
480.7692
593.5423
718.1861
854.7009
1003.086

15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80

0.175
0.170
0.165
0.160
0.155
0.150
0.145
0.140
0.130
0.120
0.110
0.100
0.090
0.080

15
20
24
28
32
36
40
44
48
52
55
58
61
64

0.78%
0.74%
0.70%
0.66%
0.62%
0.58%
0.54%
0.50%
0.47%
0.45%
0.43%
0.40%
0.38%
0.35%

44
59
73
88
103
117
132
147
161
176
191
205
220
235

54.54545
98.76543
157.2327
230.7692
320.2614
426.6667
551.0204
694.4444
876.8116
1090.909
1341.27
1633.333
1973.684
2370.37

Lanes_adj
# Lanes
V^2/(15*(eMax+f))
Vr^2/(15*eMax)
hPI*Rpi/DxR

1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5

n lb w
1
1.25
1.5
1.75
2
2.25

Rpi

hPI

S1

S2

MO

Rmax(spiral)

150
266.6667
384
522.6667
682.6667
864
1066.667
1290.667
1536
1802.667
2016.667
2242.667
2480.667
2730.667

0
0
0.008507
0.014796
0.019629
0.023457
0.026563
0.029132
0.031293
0.033136
0.039669
0.04566
0.051169
0.05625

0
0
0.00057
0.00135
0.002339
0.003537
0.004945
0.006562
0.008389
0.010425
0.013963
0.017872
0.022154
0.026808

0.002618
0.004654
0.007272
0.010472
0.014254
0.018617
0.023562
0.029089
0.035197
0.041888
0.04916
0.057014
0.06545
0.074467

0.031818
0.031481
0.029527
0.027924
0.026543
0.025309
0.024171
0.023097
0.021458
0.019742
0.016745
0.013585
0.010219
0.006597

113.8824
202.4575
316.3399
455.5294
620.0261
809.8301
1024.941
1265.359
1531.085
1822.118
2138.458
2480.105
2847.059
3239.32