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RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES / RDA

Recommended Dietary Allowances


Food and Nutrition Board, National Academy of Sciences Recommended Dietary Allowances, Revised 1989
Edited Nephrology Department 05/13/05

Designed for the maintenance of good nutrition of practically all healthy people in the United States. The
allowances, expressed as average daily intakes over time, are intended to provide for individual variations among
most normal persons as they live in the United States under usual environmental stresses. Diets should be based
on a variety of common foods in order to provide other nutrients for which human requirements have been less well
defined.
Because there are uncertainties in the knowledge base, it is not possible to set RDAs for all the known nutrients.
However, the RDAs can serve as a guide such that a varied diet meeting RDAs will probably be adequate in all
other nutrients. Therefore, the subcommittee recommends that diets should be composed of a variety of foods that
are derived from diverse food groups rather than by supplementation or fortification and that losses of nutrients
during the processing and preparation of food should be taken into consideration in planning diets.
RDAs apply to healthy persons. They do not cover special nutritional needs arising from metabolic disorders,
chronic diseases, injuries, premature birth, other medical conditions, and drug therapies. Weights and heights of
Reference Adults are actual medians for the U.S. population of the designated age, as reported by NHANES II. The
use of these figures does not imply that the height-to-weight ratios are ideal.

Table 1.4 Weight, Height, Protein requirement


Category Age (Years) Weight (Kg) Height (cm) Protein (g)
Infants

0-

60

13

Infants

-1

71

14

Children

1-3

13

90

16

Children

4-6

20

112

24

Children

7 - 10

28

132

28

Males

11 - 14

45

157

45

Males

15 - 18

66

176

59

Males

19 - 24

72

177

58

Males

25 - 50

79

176

63

Males

51 +

77

173

63

Females

11 - 14

46

157

46

Females

15 - 18

55

163

44

Females

19 - 24

58

164

46

Females

25 - 50

63

163

50

Females

51 +

65

160

50

Pregnant

60

Lactating 1 - 6 Months

65

Lactating 7 + Months

62

RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES / RDA


The Childrens Medical Center
Nephrology Department
Phone:
937-641-3304
Fax:
937-641-5091

Abiodun Omoloja, M.D.


Pediatric Nephrology

Page
Leonardo M. Canessa, M.D.
Medical Director
One Childrens Plaza, Dayton, Ohio 45404
e-mail: nephrology@childrensdayton.org

RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES / RDA


Table 1.5 RDA - Vitamins
Category Age

A (g RE) D (g) E (mg TE) K (g) C (mg) B5 (mg)

Infants

0-

375

7.5

30

Infants

-1

375

10

10

35

Children 1 - 3

400

10

15

40

Children 4 - 6

500

10

20

45

Children 7 - 10

700

10

30

45

Males

11 - 14

1000

10

10

45

50

Males

15 - 18

1000

10

10

65

60

Males

19 - 24

1000

10

10

70

60

Males

25 - 50

1000

10

80

60

Males

51 +

1000

10

80

60

Females 11 - 14

800

10

45

50

Females 15 - 18

800

10

55

60

Females 19 - 24

800

10

60

60

Females 25 - 50

800

65

60

Females 51 +

800

65

60

Pregnant

800

10

10

65

70

Lactating 1 - 6

1300

10

12

65

95

Lactating 7 +

1200

10

11

65

90

Table 1.6 RDA - Vitamins (Water-Soluble)


Category Age

B1 (mg) B2. (mg) Niacin (mg NE) B6 (mg) Folate (g) B12 (g)

Infants

0 - 0.5

0.3

0.4

0.3

25

0.3

Infants

0.5 - 1

0.4

0.5

0.6

35

0.5

Children 1 - 3

0.7

0.8

1.0

50

0.7

Children 4 - 6

0.9

1.1

12

1.1

75

1.0

Children 7 -10

1.0

1.2

13

1.4

100

1.4

Males

11 - 14

1.3

1.5

17

1.7

150

2.0

Males

15 - 18

1.5

1.8

20

2.0

200

2.0

Males

19 - 24

1.5

1.7

19

2.0

200

2.0

Males

25 - 50

1.5

1.7

19

2.0

200

2.0

Males

51 +

1.2

1.4

15

2.0

200

2.0

Females 11 - 14

1.1

1.3

15

1.4

150

2.0

Females 15 - 18

1.1

1.3

15

1.5

180

2.0

Females 19 - 24

1.1

1.3

15

1.6

180

2.0

Females 25 - 50

1.1

1.3

15

1.6

180

2.0

Females 51 +

1.0

1.2

13

1.6

180

2.0

Pregnant

1.5

1.6

17

2.2

400

2.2

Lactating 1 - 6

1.6

1.8

20

2.1

280

2.6

Lactating 7 +

1.6

1.7

20

2.1

280

2.6

RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES / RDA


The Childrens Medical Center
Nephrology Department
Phone:
937-641-3304
Fax:
937-641-5091

Abiodun Omoloja, M.D.


Pediatric Nephrology

Page
Leonardo M. Canessa, M.D.
Medical Director
One Childrens Plaza, Dayton, Ohio 45404
e-mail: nephrology@childrensdayton.org

RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES / RDA


Table 1.7 RDA - Minerals
Category

Age

Infants

0-

Calcium (mg)
400

300

40

Infants

-1

600

500

60

10

Children

1-3

800

800

80

10

10

Children

4-6

800

800

120

10

10

Children

7 - 10

800

800

170

10

10

Males

11 - 14

1200

1200

270

12

15

Males

15 - 18

1200

1200

400

12

15

Males

19 - 24

1200

1200

350

10

15

Males

25 - 50

800

800

350

10

15

Males

51 +

800

800

350

10

15

Females

11 - 14

1200

1200

280

15

12

Females

15 - 18

1200

1200

300

15

12

Females

19 - 24

1200

1200

280

15

12

Females

25 - 50

800

800

280

15

12

Females

51 +

Pregnant

Phosph. (mg)

Magn. (mg)

Iron (mg)

Zinc (mg)

800

800

280

10

12

1200

1200

320

30

15

Lactating

1-6

1200

1200

355

15

19

Lactating

7+

1200

1200

340

15

16

Table 1.8 RDA - Minerals, Trace Elements


Category Age

Iodine (g) Selenium (g) Copper (mg) Mang. (mg)

Infants

0-

40

10

0.6

0.6

Infants

-1

50

15

0.7

1.0

Children 1 - 3

70

20

1.0

1.5

Children 4 - 6

90

20

1.5

2.0

Children 7 - 10

120

30

2.0

3.0

Males

11 - 14

150

40

2.5

5.0

Males

15 - 18

150

50

2.5

5.0

Males

19 - 24

150

70

3.0

5.0

Males

25 - 50

150

70

3.0

5.0

Males

51 +

150

70

3.0

5.0

Females 11 - 14

150

45

2.5

5.0

Females 15 - 18

150

50

2.5

5.0

Females 19 - 24

150

55

3.0

5.0

Females 25 - 50

150

55

3.0

5.0

Females 51 +

150

55

3.0

5.0

Pregnant

175

65

3.0

5.0

Lactating 1 - 6

200

75

3.0

5.0

Lactating 7 +

200

75

3.0

5.0

RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES / RDA


The Childrens Medical Center
Nephrology Department
Phone:
937-641-3304
Fax:
937-641-5091

Abiodun Omoloja, M.D.


Pediatric Nephrology

Page
Leonardo M. Canessa, M.D.
Medical Director
One Childrens Plaza, Dayton, Ohio 45404
e-mail: nephrology@childrensdayton.org

RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES / RDA

RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES / RDA


The Childrens Medical Center
Nephrology Department
Phone:
937-641-3304
Fax:
937-641-5091

Abiodun Omoloja, M.D.


Pediatric Nephrology

Page
Leonardo M. Canessa, M.D.
Medical Director
One Childrens Plaza, Dayton, Ohio 45404
e-mail: nephrology@childrensdayton.org