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AEROSIL for

Water-based Coatings
Technical Information 1125

Table of contents
Page

Introduction

AEROSIL Grades for Water-based Coatings

Application of AEROSIL in Water-based Coatings

Dispersion of AEROSIL

Application Testing of AEROSIL in Water-based Coatings

5.1

AEROSIL in Water-soluble Primers

5.2

AEROSIL in Water-soluble Fillers

5.3

AEROSIL in Water-soluble Base Coats

5.4

AEROSIL in Water-soluble Clear Coats

10

5.4.1

AEROSIL in Water-soluble Stoving Coatings

12

5.4.2

AEROSIL in Water-soluble Two-component Clear Coats

14

5.5

AEROSIL in Water-soluble Top Coats

14

Notes for Practical Application

16

Physico-chemical Data of AEROSIL

18

1Introduction

Ecological concerns are playing an increasingly important role


in the coatings industry. Growing awareness of the environment and the legislation resulting from environmental concerns are the reasons behind the recent sharp increase in the
use of water-based coatings. The development of environmentally friendly coatings has for many years been among the most
important tasks of the coatings industry.
With its various products, Evonik Industries, as a supplier of
raw materials for the coatings industry, makes a major contribution to this development. AEROSIL has been successfully
used for decades as an additive in the coatings industry. Excellent results have been attained with AEROSIL, both in conventional and in environmentally-friendly paint systems.

AEROSIL is an ultra-fine, amorphous silica produced by flame


hydrolysis. By adjusting the production conditions it is possible
to obtain a number of product grades that differ in their
specific surface area.
All untreated synthetic silicas are hydrophilic because of the
silanol groups on the particles surfaces. When these groups
are replaced with organic groups, hydrophobic products are
obtained.
In this Technical Bulletin, numerous figures illustrate the
effectiveness of AEROSIL in various watersoluble coating
systems. The following questions are answered with the help
of numerous examples:

Which AEROSIL is suitable for water-based coatings?


What is gained by the use of AEROSIL?

2 AEROSILGrades for Water-based Coatings


On the basis of intensive research and application testing, the
following hydrophilic and hydrophobic AEROSIL grades are
recommended for use in water-based coatings:

hydrophilic
AEROSIL 200

hydrophobic
AEROSIL R 816

AEROSIL 300
AEROSIL
COK 84

3 Application of AEROSIL
in Water-based Coatings
rheology
suspension behavior
dispersibility of pigments
pigment stabilization
adhesion
abrasion resistance
corrosion protection
water resistance

AEROSIL is neither a hazardous substance under current


European chemical legislation, nor a dangerous good under
international transport regulations.

AEROSIL R 972
AEROSIL R 974

AEROSIL R 805

AEROSIL R 812
AEROSIL R 812 S

4 Dispersion of AEROSIL

Coating formulators can incorporate both hydrophilic and


hydrophobic AEROSIL without difficulty into water-based
coatings by using the appropriate dispersion equipment (e.g.
a bead or ball mill). The degree of dispersion is a crucial determinant of the efficiency of AEROSIL. For AEROSIL to work
as effectively as possible, good dispersion is essential.

A dissolver dispersion is adequate only in exceptional cases, for


example, in application areas of dispersion paints and zinc dust
paints.

In pigmented systems, AEROSIL should be dispersed along


with the pigments. If AEROSIL is used in clear coatings,
dispersion by the masterbatch process is recommended. For
example, an AEROSIL concentration of 48% (relative to the
solid binder) has proven satisfactory for dispersion in a bead
mill; this allows efficient processing and an optimal degree of
dispersion. The masterbatch can then be let down to the final
concentration desired (see Table 1).
Table 1 Incorporation of AEROSIL into a two component clear coat
Millbase
Acrylate-Dispersion, 44% in water

wt.%
16.75

Water

1.65

Defoamer

1.23

AEROSIL 200

0.60

Letdown media
Acrylate-Dispersion, 44% in water

52.87

Water

3.72

Defoamer

0.23

Curing agent
Isocyanate, hydrophilic / Isocyanate,
hydrophobic 1:1 (80% in MPA)
Total

22.95
100.00

5 Application testing of AEROSIL


in Water-based Coatings
As a multifunctional additive, AEROSIL can be used in all
layers of a coating structure due to its versatile product
capabilities:

Primers
Fillers
Base Coats
Clear Coats
Top Coats
Extensive testing has shown that adding 0.51.0% AEROSIL,
relative to the total coating formulation, is appropriate. These
concentrations should be regarded as reference values only,
and must be amended if required. The following examples
illustrate how AEROSIL can be used in various water-based
coating systems.

Original

AEROSIL R 812 S
Figure 1

Improvement in the anti-corrosion effect by adding 1% AEROSIL R 812 S.


Primer based on alkyd-/acrylate resin

5.1 AEROSIL in Water-soluble Primers


For water-soluble primers, Evonik recommends using hydrophobic AEROSIL on account of its good corrosion protection
properties.
Figure 1 shows, with AEROSIL R 812 S as an example, how
hydrophobic AEROSIL improves corrosion protection properties. The salt spray test was carried out on an alkyd/acrylate
resin-based primer.
In addition to increasing corrosion protection, AEROSIL
significantly improves rheological properties, as is proved by
viscosity measurements and practice-centered tests of flow
behavior in a primer based on an oil-free, saturated polyester/
melamine resin. How AEROSIL concentration affects rheological behavior is exemplified by AEROSIL R 812 S, which
shows the most pronounced action in this coating system.

Table 2 shows the increase in viscosity and the simultaneous


increase in shear thinning as a result of using AEROSIL.

The adhesion affects the resistance of a coating to mechanical


stress and weather. The use of AEROSIL considerably
improves the adhesion of primers on steel. This is particularly
evident from torsion shear tests with a Twist-O-Meter.

Table 2 Positive influence of AEROSIL on the rheological characteristics. Primer based on an oil-free, saturated polyester/melamine resin

AEROSIL R 972

AEROSIL related to
total formulation
[%]

3 rpm

30 rpm

0.6

1100

568

Viscosity [mPas]

Shearrate

Max. attainable
wetfilm thickness
[ m]

1.9

150

AEROSIL R 805

0.6

1620

681

2.4

175

AEROSIL R 812

0.6

2200

892

2.5

200

AEROSIL R 812 S

0.9

3385

1091

3.1

300

AEROSIL R 816

0.6

1560

695

2.2

150

without AEROSIL

671

411

1.6

125

The specifically heavy pigments and fillers used particularly


in primers are kept in suspension by AEROSIL.
This prevents excessive separation and the formation of
hard sediments.
It is also shown that AEROSIL significantly reduces the tendency to sag on vertical surfaces. For a simple assessment of
the flow behavior, the maximum attainable wet film thickness
was determined using a multi-noch applicator (75300 m).

Figure 2

Increase in the adhesion on steel by an addition of 0.4%


AEROSIL. Primer based on styrene-acrylate dispersion.

2200

Adhesion in N/cm2

Figure 2 shows, for example, that for a primer based on


a styrene acrylate dispersion, the adhesion with 0.4%
AEROSIL R 972 is approximately 20% higher than for the
corresponding primer without added AEROSIL.

2000
1800
1600
1400
1200

R 972

R 805

R 812 S

AEROSIL Grade

R 816

without
AEROSIL

Table 3 shows that using AEROSIL in stoving fillers improves


resistance to sag on vertical surfaces. The sag behavior was
tested with multi-noch applicator (75300 m) after adjusting
the coating to a spray viscosity of 30 s DIN 4 mm.
Table 3

Increase in the max. wet-film thickness by 0.8% AEROSIL


at spray viscosity. Stoving filler based on PUR-dispersion/
melamine resin.
Max. wet-film thickness

AEROSIL 200

100 m

AEROSIL R 816

100 m

AEROSIL R 972

100 m

AEROSIL R 805

100 m

AEROSIL R 812 S

125 m

without AEROSIL

75 m

Hydrophobic AEROSIL shows marked rheological action, even


in water-soluble fillers based on acrylate dispersions. The use
of AEROSIL, particularly AEROSILR 812 S, enables the coating to develop a structure in a state of rest, thus preventing sag.
The viscosity measurements in Figure 4 were carried out with
a Physica MC 20 rheometer. Shear stress steps provide information on the rheological behavior of the coatings during and
after application. The initially high value set for the shear stress
( = 50 Pa) simulates the application phase, while the very low
value ( = 1 Pa) set subsequently shows the extent to which the
coatings form a structure after application, and therefore the
degree of sag resistance to be expected.
Figure 3

0.8 % AEROSIL R 812 S

0.8 % AEROSIL 200

Figure 4

Viscosity [Pa s ]

150

without AEROSIL

Two component filler based on acrylate-dispersion/isocyanate

50 Pa

1 Pa

3
2
1
0

100

0.8 % AEROSIL 200

100

50
Shear Rate [1/s]

The increased structural viscosity and resulting improvement in


sag behavior of AEROSIL containing coatings is confirmed in
Figure 3 with the help of rheological measurements.
AEROSIL R 812 S in particular shows a strong thickening
effect in the low-shear region. As the shear increases the structure breaks down; that is, the viscosity drops. This rheological
behavior results in good applicability and high sag resistance.
In the formulation of two-component fillers based on PUR
dispersions/ isocyanates, hydrophilic or mildly hydrophobic
AEROSIL can sometimes, depending on the binder used, show
more favorable pot-life behavior than hydrophobic AEROSIL,
and may therefore be a suitable alternative.

Stoving enamel filler based on PUR-dispersion/melamine resin

Viscosity [Pa s ]

5.2 AEROSIL in Water-soluble Fillers


Fillers based on water-soluble binders such as acrylate and
PUR dispersions are already well established in many areas of
application. Melamine resins or isocyanates are used as crosslinking components, depending on the field of application.

200

300

400

500

Time in s

0.8 % AEROSIL R 812 S

without AEROSIL

5.3 AEROSIL in Water-soluble Base Coats


In base coats, the components of a coating structure that
impart color, the coloristic properties are of decisive importance. Good dispersion of pigments and subsequent pigment
stabilization are prerequisites for optimal coloristic properties.
AEROSIL improves the rheological properties of the material to be ground, which in turn improves the dispersibility of
the pigments. In pigmented systems, higher pigment stability
is attained as a result of the enveloping effect of AEROSIL.
The action of AEROSIL as a spacer prevents reagglomeration
and flocculation of the pigments. The problem of sagging or
cavity formation may occur in base coats, which necessitates
the use of a rheological additive.

Figure 6 shows the effect of 0.5% AEROSIL on the rheological properties of a base coat. An additional criterion for assessing the quality of a coating structure is the intercoat adhesion.
For example, good adhesion between base coat and clear coat
must be guaranteed.
Figure 6

Increase of the maximum possible wet-film thickness using a


multi-noch applicator 75300 m
Base coat: PUR-dispersion/melamine resin

250

Wet-film thickness in m

The use of pigments and fillers of high specific weight


frequently rules out the need for antisettling agents. If
AEROSIL is preferred as an antisettling agent, the standard
grades AEROSIL 200 and AEROSIL R 972 are generally
adequate. The extent to which hydrophilic or hydrophobic
AEROSIL effectively prevents separation or sedimentation
must be determined by preliminary trials.

230
210
190
170
150

200

R 972

R 805

R 812 S

R 816

AEROSIL Grade

without
AEROSIL

Figure 7 shows that addition of even as little as 0.5%


AEROSIL in the base coat or clear coat leads to significant
improvement of the intercoat adhesion. The base coat was covered with a clear coat based on acrylate dispersion/melamine
resin (see 5.4, AEROSIL in water-soluble clear coats).
Figure 7

Increase of the adhesion between the base coat


and the claer coat
Base coat: PUR-dispersion/melamine resin
Clear coat: Acrylat-Dispersion/melamine resin

Figure 5

Settlement after 8 weeks storage at room temperature


Left: without AEROSIL, Right: 0.8% AEROSIL R 972 filler based on
PUR-dispersion/melamine resin

Adhesion in N/cm2
(intermediate adhesion)

3250
3000
2750
2500

2250
2000

200

R 972

R 805
A

AEROSIL in base coat

R 812 S

rade

R 816

without
AEROSIL

AEROSIL in clear coat

5.4 AEROSIL in Water-soluble Clear Coats


In clear coats AEROSIL is used mainly as a rheological
additive. In addition, as described in Section 5.3, AEROSIL
improves the mechanical properties such as the intercoat
adhesion. For rheological control of clear coats, addition of
0.51.0% AEROSIL relative to the total coating formulation
is adequate. Only in exceptional cases, such as for improvement of abrasion resistance, is a significant increase of
AEROSIL concentration necessary. Thorough dispersion is
essential, particularly in the case of very high added amounts.
Numerous studies testify to the effectiveness of AEROSIL in
controlling the flow properties of water-soluble clear coatings
with particular reference to sag behavior. It has been shown in
Sections 5.15.3 that in pigmented systems it is often advantageous to use hydrophobic AEROSIL as opposed to hydrophilic
products. In clear coatings, on the other hand, hydrophilic
or mildly hydrophobic AEROSIL controls rheology more
effectively.

10

The following two coating systems illustrate that for an otherwise identical formulation, pigment addition alone can be
the crucial factor determining whether hydrophilic or hydrophobic AEROSIL possesses the greater rheological action. In
the unpigmented coatings the hydrophilic AEROSIL 200 has
significantly greater rheological action than the highly hydrophobic AEROSIL R 812 S. Simply by incorporating a pigment/
filler mixture into an otherwise identical formulation, the result
changes to the extent that the hydrophobic AEROSIL is then
more effective. For example this reversal can be detected in a
two component coating based on acrylate/isocyanate or in a
stoving coating based on PUR-dispersion/ melamine resin
(see Figure 811).

Figure 8 PUR-dispersion/melamine resin without pigments/fillers

Figure 10 Acrylate-dispersion/isocyanate without pigments/fillers

Viscosity [Pa s]

Viscosity [Pa s]

50

AEROSIL 200

100
Shear Rate [1/s]

100

100

200
Time in s

AEROSIL R 812 S

400

500

AEROSIL R 812 S

150

with pigments/fillers

50 Pa

1 Pa

3
2
1
0

100

200

Time in s

Shear Rate [1/s]


AEROSIL 200

300

Figure 11 Acrylate-dispersion/isocyanate with pigments/fillers

Viscosity [Pa s]

Viscosity [Pa s]

0.5

with pigments/fillers

50

1 Pa

AEROSIL 200

AEROSIL R 812 S

50 Pa

1.0

150

Figure 9 PUR-dispersion/melamine resin with pigments/fillers

without pigments/fillers

1.5

AEROSIL 200

300

400

500

AEROSIL R 812 S

11

5.4.1 AEROSIL in Water-soluble Stoving Coatings


The following rheological tests were performed in a clear
coat based on acrylate dispersion/melamine resin. Figures 12
and 13 show the increase of the maximum attainable wet-film
thickness by the use of 0.5% AEROSIL. The test was
performed using a multi-noch applicator (75300 m).
Figure 12

Shear stress crack tests were carried out also on these clear
coat, corresponding to the viscosity measurements described
in Section 5.2. Figure 14 shows the variation in viscosity for a
load of = 67 Pa and after the load had been abruptly reduced
to = 6 Pa. Viscosity recovery was measured via this step
function.

Increase of the maximum attainable wet-film thickness


by the addition of 0,5% AEROSIL. Clear coat based on
acrylate dispersion/melamine resin

Wet-film thickness in m

250

200

150

100

200

R 972

R 805

R 812 S

R 816

AEROSIL Grade

Figure 13

without
AEROSIL

Reformation of the viscosity when using 0.5%


AEROSIL R 816. Clear coat based on acrylate dispersion/
melamine resin

Viscosity [mPa s ]

1000
800
600
400
200
0

50

AEROSIL R 816

150

250
Time in s

350

450

without AEROSIL

Figure 14

Determination of the maximum attainable wet-film thickness using a


multi-noch applicator
Left: without AEROSIL, Right: with 0.5% AEROSIL R 816
Clear coat based on acrylate dispersion/melamine resin

12

The results of the rheological measurements are confirmed in


Figure 15 with the help of a practice-centered spray application. The use of 0.5% AEROSIL R 816 results in significantly
higher sag resistance. When rheological additives are used in
clear coatings, it must be ensured that gloss and transparency
are not adversely affected.
Table 4 shows that, with adequate dispersion, AEROSIL has
no negative impact on the optical properties of clear coatings.
For critical testing of the optical properties (gloss and transparency) the clear coating was applied on jet-black base coats.
In individual cases, the use of AEROSIL can lead to a certain
deterioration (blooming) in the gloss and transparency of clear
coatings. The deterioration in the optical properties can be
almost completely eliminated by the use of a suitable wetting
agent. This applies even for critical (jetblack) undercoats.

Figure 15

Increase in the sag stability during spray application.


Left: without AEROSIL, Right: with 0.5 % AEROSIL R 816
Clear coat based on acrylate dispersion/melamine resin

Table 4 Optical properties when using 0.5% AEROSIL


PUR-Dispersion/Melamine Resin

Acrylat-Dispersion/Melamine Resin

20 Reflectometer Value

Black Value MY

20 Reflectometer Value

Black Value MY

AEROSIL 200

87

274

91

286

AEROSIL R 972

87

276

92

286

AEROSIL R 805

86

276

91

286

AEROSIL R 812 S

86

274

92

287

AEROSIL R 816

87

275

91

289

without AEROSIL

88

275

91

287

13

5.4.2 AEROSIL in Water-soluble


Two-component Clear Coats In a two-component clear
coating for the car refinishing sector, the optimal quantities
of AEROSIL in respect of rheological properties were determined. The amounts of AEROSIL added were 0.6%, 0.8%
and 1.0% relative to the total formulation. As expected, the
thixotropic effect increased with the amount of AEROSIL
added (see Figure 16).

5.5 AEROSIL in Water-soluble Top Coats


The use of rheological additives in top coats requires that these
have no adverse effect on the gloss. Table 5 and 6 show that,
if adequately dispersed, AEROSIL has no adverse effects on
gloss behavior. The choice of the following AEROSIL grades
for the respective coating systems was made specifically after
taking the rheological action into consideration.
Table 5

Figure 16

Viscosity [mPa s ]

2500

Two-component clear coat based on acrylate dispersion/


isocyanate

200 Pa

20 Pa

2000
1500
1000
500
0

100

200

300

400

Gloss behavior with a content of 0.8% AEROSIL.


White top coat based on PUR-dispersion/melamine resin
20 Reflectometer
Value

60 Reflectometer
Value

AEROSIL 200

74

88

AEROSIL R 972

74

88

AEROSIL R 805

73

88

AEROSIL R 812 S

74

88

AEROSIL R 816

74

88

without AEROSIL

75

87

500

Time in s

Table 6
1.0 % AEROSIL 200

0.8 % AEROSIL 200

0.6 % AEROSIL 200

without AEROSIL

In two-component coatings, pot life is an important criterion;


the rheological additive should therefore not negatively impact
the processability. The use of AEROSIL ensures favorable
pot-life behavior.

14

Gloss behavior with a content of 0.5% AEROSIL.


Black top coat based on alkyd/melamine resin
20 Reflectometer
Value

60 Reflectometer
Value

AEROSIL COK 84

92

97

AEROSIL 200

91

95

AEROSIL R 816

91

96

without AEROSIL

92

96

The outstanding action of AEROSIL as a rheological additive


is demonstrated with the use of various test methods in
Figures 17, 18 and 19.
Figure 17

Increase of the maximum attainable wet-film thickness by


the addition of 0.8% AEROSIL. White top coat based on a
PUR-dispersion/melamine resin

Wet-film thickness in m

225

175

125

75

200

R 972

R 805

R 812 S

R 816

AEROSIL Grade

Figure 18

without
AEROSIL

Influence of 0.8% AEROSIL on the rheological properties


White top coat based on PUR-dispersion/melamine resin

3.0

2000
1500

1.5

1000
500
0

200

R 972

R 805

R 812 S

AEROSIL Grade
Viscosity at 3rpm

Viscosity [mPa s ]

Figure 19

R 816

without
AEROSIL

0.0

Shear Rate

Influence of 0.8% AEROSIL on the rheological properties


Black top coat based on alkyd/melamine resin

1500

2.5

1200

2.0

900

1.5

600

1.0

300

0.5

Shear Rate 3/30 rpm

Viscosity [mPa s ]

2500

200

COK 84
AEROSIL Grade

Viscosity at 3rpm

R 816

without
AEROSIL

0.0

Shear Rate

15

6 Notes for Practical Application

For improvement of the rheological properties of

pigmented coating systems, it is preferable to use


AEROSIL R 805 or AEROSIL R 812 S, and, where
applicable, AEROSIL R 816. For clear coatings
AEROSIL 200 and AEROSIL R 816 are preferred.


AEROSIL 300 shows greater efficiency of rheological

action as compared with AEROSIL 200, but requires


higher dispersion energy.

AEROSIL R 972 is the most easily dispersible of the

products, and is therefore preferred for improving pigment dispersibility or for increasing pigment stability,
and in some cases also for controlling rheology.

To improve water resistance and corrosion protection,

hydrophobic AEROSIL should preferably be used


(e.g. in primers).

If a simple antisettling agent is required, the use of

AEROSIL R 972 or AEROSIL 200 is recommended,


depending on the coating system.

16

7 Physico-chemical Data of AEROSIL

AEROSIL
200

Testmethod

300

Behaviorinthe
presence of water

380

COK 84

R 972

R 974

hydrophilic

R 805

R 812

R 812S

slightly
hydrophobic

hydrophobic

Appearance

R 816

fluffywhitepowder

BET surfacearea1
Tamped density

m2/g

175225

270330

350410

140200

90130

150190

125175

230290

230290

170210

50

50

50

50

50

50

60

60

60

60

approx. value

g/l

Loss on drying

(2 h at 105 C)
at leaving plant site

pH value4

1.5

1.5

2.0

1.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

0.5

1.0

3.74.5

3.74.5

3.74.5

3.64.5

4.05.5*

3.85.0

3.55.5

5.58.0

5.59.0

4.05.5

0.71.0

0.81.4

4.56.5

2.03.0

3.04.0

0.91.8

C content5

SiO2

>99.8

>99.8

>99.8

8286

>99.8

>99.8

>99.8

>99.8

>99.8

>99.8

Al2O37

0.03

0.03

0.03

1418

0.050

0.050

0.050

0.050

0.050

0.050

Fe2O37

0.003

0.003

0.003

0.100

0.010

0.010

0.010

0.010

0.010

0.010

TiO2 7

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

0.030

HCI

0.020

0.020

0.020

0.100

0.050

0.050

0.025

0.025

0.025

0.025

* Narrower pH possible, depending on region.


1
ISO 9277, modified
2
ISO 787-11, modified
3
ISO 787-2, modified
4
ISO 787-9, modified
5
ISO 3262-20, modified
6
based on the ignited substanceaccording to ISO 3262-20
7
acc. to ISO 3262-20
8
ISO 3262-20, modified

18

The data represents typical values (no product specification).

This information and any recommendations, technical or otherwise, are presented in good faith and
believed to be correct as of the date prepared.
Recipients of this information and recommendations
must make their own determination as to its suitability for their purposes. In no event shall Evonik
assume liability for damages or losses of any kind or
nature that result from the use of or reliance upon
this information and recommendations. EVONIK
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY REPRESENTATIONS
AND WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, WHETHER
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE ACCURACY,
COMPLETENESS, NON-INFRINGEMENT,
MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE (EVEN IF EVONIK IS
AWARE OF SUCH PURPOSE) WITH RESPECT TO
ANY INFORMATION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
PROVIDED. Reference to any trade names used by
other companies is neither a recommendation nor
an endorsement of the corresponding product, and
does not imply that similar products could not be
used. Evonik reserves the right to make any changes
to the information and/or recommendations at any
time, without prior or subsequent notice.

Europe/Middle-East /
Africa/Latin America

North America

Asia Pacific

Evonik Resource Efficiency GmbH


Business Line Silica
Rodenbacher Chaussee 4
63457 Hanau
Germany

Evonik Corporation
Business Line Silica
299 Jefferson Road
Parsippany, NJ 07054-0677
USA

Evonik (SEA) Pte. Ltd.


Business Line Silica
3 International Business Park
#07-18, Nordic European Centre
Singapore 609927

phone +49 6181 59-12532


fax +49 6181 59-712532
ask-si@evonik.com
www.evonik.com

phone +1 800 233-8052


fax +1 973 929-8502
ask-si-nafta@evonik.com

phone +65 6809-6877


fax +65 6809-6677
ask-si-asia@evonik.com

TI 1125-1JUL15

AEROSIL is a registered trademark of


Evonik Industries or its subsidiaries.