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Principles of Pothole Repair

by

COLD
CHON

(GALWAY) LTD

Cold Chon (Galway) Ltd., Oranmore, Galway.


Cold Chon (Sligo), Deepwater Quay, Sligo

Web: www.ColdChon.ie

Tel: (091) 794650 Fax: (091) 794675


Tel: (071) 9161952 Fax: (071) 9169361

Email: info@ColdChon.ie

Principles

1. Drainage must preceed any serious permanent repair


programme
2. Sealing of the road structure is not just crucial to its
survival but imperative in retaining these assets.
3. Clean out debris and water before repair.
4. For all repairs, except velocity patching, fill material must be
compacted.
5. Overseal pothole area to prevent secondary potholes
as damaged surface extends beyond the apparent pothole.
[ Tend towards excess binder inside the pothole, but
minimize binder rate on the overseal area ]
6. Chip & Seal damaged area to provide good skid resistance
to the repaired surface and to prevent fatting of the
repaired area in the hot summer weather.

COLD
CHON
Pot Hole Repair by
(GALWAY) LTD

Types of Pothole Repairs

Emergency Repair Methods


- Pre-Mix (Bulk, Bag or Bucket)
- Chip and Binder Build Up
- Hot-Mix Macadam
Planned Repair Programme
- Macadam (Hot)
- Velocity Patching
- Delayed Set Macadams
- Chip & Binder Layered Fill
- Seal, Dense Gravel and Chip Seal

COLD
CHON
Pot Hole Repair by
(GALWAY) LTD

Road Types & Pothole Repair Solutions

1. Structured road foundation and surface [Bitumen Macadam]


-> Macadam [Hot or Dense Delayed Set] Solutions
2. Thin layer macadam over dense unbound base.
-> Macadam [Hot or Delayed Set]
Velocity Patching with Binder & Chip
3. Surface Dressed Roads
[Multiple dressings over time]
-> Velocity Patching
Delayed Set Macadam
Chip, Binder, Chip method
Gravel fill with chip seal (Minor roads)

Principle :
Stiff pavements require dense materials to repair + SEAL
Flexible pavements require flexible repair materials + SEAL

COLD
CHON
Pot Hole Repair by
(GALWAY) LTD

Velocity Patching
Cross Section

Weak Areas

1.

Clean Pothole using


compressed air.

2. Pressure Sealing using


bitumen emulsion.

3.

Grouting

4. Apply dry chippings

Overseal (Patchwork) - [Within 1-2 Months]

COLD
CHON
Pot Hole Repair by
(GALWAY) LTD

Chip - Seal - Chip


Cross Section

Weak Areas

1.

Clean Pothole

2.

Seal with bitumen emulsion


& Fill with layers of chippings

3.

Chip Binder, Chip Layers


build up compacting in layers

4.

Apply final layer of chippings


and compact.

Patchwork Chip & Seal for following winter if no surface dressing during summer.

COLD
CHON
Pot Hole Repair by
(GALWAY) LTD

Bitumen Macadam Repairs


Joint Filler

50mm Min.

Sealant
Seal base and vertical edges, Compact Macadam and Seal perimiter

Weak Areas

1.

Clean Pothole

2.

Cut out excess weak area around


pothole

50mm
Min.

3.

Seal base and vertical edges,


Compact Macadam and Seal perimiter

Joint Filler

Sealant

Joint Filler

Patchwork Chip & Seal for following winter if no surface dressing during summer.

COLD
CHON
Pot Hole Repair by
(GALWAY) LTD

Gravel Fill with Chip Seal

Double Seal Finish


(Binder -Chip - Binder - Chip Compacted)

Dense Gravel Fill


(Compacted in layers)

Weak Areas

1.

Clean Pothole

2.

Seal with bitumen emulsion &


Fill with compacted layers of gravel

3.

Double Seal Finish

Patchwork Chip & Seal for following winter if no surface dressing during summer.

COLD
CHON
Pot Hole Repair by
(GALWAY) LTD

Delayed Set Macadam

Cross Section

Weak Areas

1.

Clean Pothole

2.

Seal, Fill & Compact

3.

Overseal, Chip & Compact

Patchwork Chip & Seal for following winter if no surface dressing during summer.

COLD
CHON
Pot Hole Repair by
(GALWAY) LTD

COLD
CHON

(GALWAY) LTD

Cold Chon (Galway) Ltd., Oranmore, Galway.


Tel: (091) 794650 Fax: (091) 794675
Cold Chon (Sligo), Deepwater Quay, Sligo
Tel: (071) 9161952 Fax: (071) 9169361

Email: info@ColdChon.ie
Web: www.ColdChon.ie