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Appendix A

Appendix A

Figure A 1 : Standard Manhole Cover

HINGE DEVICE

Y
16mm BOLT
HOLE

STAINLESS STEEL
BOLT AND NUT
10mm , 100mm
LONG

BAHAYA

RUANG TERKURUNG
DILARANG MASUK

SEE DETAIL '2'

SEE DETAIL '1'

A
MODEL NO.
AND THE
MARKING " EN 124
CLASS D400 "

MANUFACTURER'S NAME AND


PLACE OF MANUFACTURE

SEE DETAIL '3'

EMBOSSED LOGO(SEE DETAIL '4')

DANGER

CONFINED SPACE
DO NOT ENTER

SERIAL NO.

DETAIL '2' & '3' : EMBOSSED DESIGN

LOCKING AND
LIFTING DEVICE

PLAN
TYPICAL DETAILS OF HEAVY DUTY
D.I. MANHOLE COVER AND FRAME

DETAIL '4' : EMBOSSED LOGO


Z

SECTION A - A
TYPICAL SECTION OF HEAVY DUTY

3mm 0.5

D.I. MANHOLE COVER AND FRAME


Z

ALL CORNERS
TO BE ROUNDED OFF

SECTION Z - Z

DETAIL '1'
( TYPICAL SURFACE DETAIL )

FILLED WITH NON-SHRINK


CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL /
PREMIX

10mm STAINLESS
STEEL BOLT

PRECAST R.C. MANHOLE

SECTION B - B

ANCHORING DEVICE WITH


12mm THREAD AND
16mm HOLE (ANCHOR
DEPTH : 50mm)

SECTION X - X : TYPICAL LOCKING DEVICE

SECTION Y - Y : TYPICAL HINGE

FILLED WITH NON-SHRINK


CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL /
PREMIX

PRECAST R.C. MANHOLE

SECTION C - C

SECTION Y - Y : COVER HINGE OPEN AT 90

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

SECTION Y - Y : COVER HINGE OPEN AT MIN. 100

119

Appendix A

Figure A 2 : Plan View of Typical Manhole

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Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 3 : Typical Shallow Precast Concrete Manhole


LevelShallow
to Invert
of PipeConcrete
1.2 m Depth
< 2.5 m)
Figure(Ground
A 3 Typical
Precast
Manhole

(Ground Level to Invert of Pipe 1.2 m Depth < 2.5 m)

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

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121

Appendix A

>

Figure A
TypicalShallow
ShallowPrecast
PrecastConcrete
Concrete Manhole
Manhole with
Figure
A4
4 :Typical
with Backdrop
Backdrop
(Ground
Level
to
Invert
of
Pipe
1.2m

Depth
<
2.5m)
(Ground Level to Invert of Pipe 1.2 m Depth < 2.5 m)

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Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure
TypicalMedium
MediumPrecast
PrecastConcrete
ConcreteManhole
Manhole
Figure A
A 55 :Typical
(Ground
Level
to
Invert
of
Pipe
2.5m

Depth
(Ground Level to Invert of Pipe 2.5 m Depth << 55m)
m)

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

123

Appendix A

>

FigureAA66 Typical
: TypicalMedium
MediumPrecast
PrecastConcrete
Concrete Manhole
Manhole with Backdrop
Figure
backdrop
(Ground
Level
to
Invert
of
Pipe
2.5m

Depth
<
5m)
(Ground Level to Invert of Pipe 2.5 m Depth < 5 m)

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Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

FigureAA77Typical
: Typical
Deep
Precast
ConcreteManhole
Manhole
Figure
Deep
Precast
Concrete
(Ground
Level
to
Invert
of
Pipe
5m

Depth
(Ground Level to Invert of Pipe 5 m Depth 99m)
m)

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

125

Appendix A

>

Figure A8
A 8Typical
: TypicalDeep
DeepPrecast
PrecastConcrete
ConcreteManhole
Manhole with
with Backdrop
Backdrop
Figure
(Ground
Level
to
Invert
of
Pipe
5m

Depth

9m)
(Ground Level to Invert of Pipe 5 m Depth 9 m)

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Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 9 : Typical Details of Large Diameter Manhole (LDM) Type

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

127

Appendix A

Figure A 10 : Typical Induct Vent Detail

Induct Vent

Centreline of manhole

150 Min.

750 Min.

Inside face of Manhole

150 Min.

Column Support

Notes :
1. All dimmensions are in millimetres.
2. Diameter of induct vent shall be approximately 1/2
of the forcemain but shall not exceed 300mm.

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Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 11 : Details of Household Connection to Main Sewer Reticulation


Pipe for V.C. Pipe

VARIES

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

129

Appendix A

Figure A 12 : Typical Details of Concrete Thrust and Anchor Block

130

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Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 13(a) : Typical Details of Inverted Siphons or Depressed Sewer


Figure A 13a : Typical Details of Inverted Siphons or Depressed Sewer

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

131

Appendix A

Figure A 13(b) : Typical Details of Inverted Siphons or Depressed Sewer


Figure A 13b : Typical Details of Inverted Siphons or Depressed Sewer

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Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 14a
14(a): Typical
: TypicalDetails
Details
Force
Main
Scour
Valve
and
Receiving
forfor
Force
Main
Scour
Valve
and
Receiving
Manhole
Manhole

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

133

Appendix A

Figure A 14(b) : Typical Details for Force Main Air Valve


Figure A 14b : Typical Details for Force Main Air Valve

134

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Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 15 : Typical Detail of Force Main Crossing

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

135

Appendix A

Figure A 16(a) : Standard Pipe Beddings


Figure A 16a : Standard Pipe Beddings

136

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Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 16(b) : Standard Pipe Beddings


Figure A 16b : Standard Pipe Beddings

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

137

Appendix A

Figure A 17 : Vacuum Sewage Collection System

sewage treatment works


vacuum station
vacuum sewer

Figure A 18 : House Connection

gravity lateral sewer

crossover pipe

vacuum sewer

collection chamber

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Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

incoming sewer
mains

suction pipe from


washdown sump

washdown sump

service platform

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3
up

sight glass

service platform

discharge
pumps

non-return valve

force main

chart recorder

PLAN

handrail

vacuum pumps

moisture trap

control panel /
telemetry system

vacuum gauges

fuel tank

standby diesel
generator

AMF board

fire-fighting system

toilet

biofilter

Appendix A

Figure A 19 (a) : Example Of Vacuum Station With Housed Collection


Vessel

139

bypass
connection

vacuum take-off pipe


to vacuum pumps

140

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discharge
pumps

vacuum vessel

moisture trap
drainage pipe

moisture trap

ELEVATION

vacuum pump

cast in-situ
plinth

ABS suction pipe

ABS pipework to
vacuum pumps

ABS vacuum exhaust


pipework to biofilter

biofilter media

Appendix A

Figure A 19 (b) : Example Of Vacuum Station With Housed Collection


Vessel

Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 20 (a) : Collection Chambers With Interface Valves Vented


Through Breather Pipes

hingged D.I. manhole cover

breather pipe

breather pipe

heavy duty cover


slab
fall

interface
valve

valve controller

heavy duty cover


slab
fall

chamber ring

interface
valve

to vacuum sewer

landing slab

chamber ring

to vacuum sewer

landing slab
gravity lateral swer

150mm thick
concrete surround

gravity lateral
sewer

sensor pipe
suction pipe

sensor pipe

chamber ring
with base and
conical
benching

suction pipe

150mm thick
concrete surround

Figure A. 20 (b) : Collection Chamber With Interface Valve Activated By


Float

hingged D.I. manhole cover

heavy duty cover


slab
chamber ring
to vacuum sewer
interface valve

landing slab
float
150mm thick
concrete surround

chamber ring
with base and
conical
benching

suction pipe

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

141

Appendix A

Figure A. 20 (c) : Multi-valve Collection Chamber

hingged D.I. manhole cover

heavy duty cover


slab
chamber ring

A
landing slab

150mm thick
concrete surround

chamber ring with


base and conical
benching

Plan

gravity lateral sewer


breather pipe

150mm thick
concrete surround

Section A - A

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Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 21: Vacuum Sewer Profiles (not to scale)

300mm

0.2% min. slope

150m

flow

100-200mm

150m

flow

15m

10m

15m

100-200mm

10m

10m

flow
L/2

L/2

L/2

L/2
L

Figure A. 22 : Example of Vacuum Sewer Profiles For Uphill and Downhill


Transport (Not To Scale)

flow

0.2% min.
slope

6m min.

flow

0 .2

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

%m

Volume 3

in . s

lo p e

143

Appendix A

Figure
: Y-Branch
for
Vacuum
Sewer
Figure
AA
2323
: Y-Branch
for
Vacuum
Sewer

Direction
of flow
Direction
of flow

branch
branch

60 60

vertical
angle
vertical
angle

flow

flow

Figure
: Method
Joining
Crossover
Pipes
and
Branch
Sewers
Figure
AA
2424
: Method
ofof
Joining
Crossover
Pipes
and
Branch
Sewers
toto
Vacuum
Mains
Vacuum
Mains

45 elbow
45 elbow
45 elbow
45 elbow

45 elbow
45 elbow

vacuum
vacuum
mainmain
flow flow

flow flow

Plan
Plan
crossover
/
crossover
pipe pipe
/
branch
sewer
branch
sewer

flow flow

flow flow

flow flow
vacuum
vacuum
mainmain

Elevation
Elevation

45fitting
`Y' fitting
45 `Y'
be fabricated)
(may(may
be fabricated)

min. cover
900mm
min. cover
900mm

ground
ground
levellevel

flow flow

flow flow

60 max
60 max

End
View
End
View

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Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 25 : Typical Details of Dry-well Pump Station


OVERFLOW PIPE DISCHARGE
TO MONSOON DRAIN

OVERFLOW CHAMBER
DRAIN

RAMP DOWN

CONC. APRON LAID TO FALL

3 LAYER CONC. VENTILATION


BLOCK AT TOP AND BOTTOM LEVEL

LIQUID RETURN FROM OTHER UNIT PROCESSES

WP

FORCEMAIN
MECHANICAL COARSE SCREEN

GATE VALVE.

INCOMING SEWER
AIR EXTRACTOR FAN

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

R.C STAIRCASE TO ENGR'S DETAIL

G.I CHAIN GUARD.

G.I CHAIN GUARD


PENSTOCK
GRATING COVER

3 LAYER CONC.
VENTILATION BLOCK
AT TOP AND BOTTOM
LEVEL

CHECK VALVE.

CONC. THRUST BLOCK.

12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

EXTRACTOR FAN
R.C STAIRCASE TO ENGR'S DETAIL.
CONCRETE VENTILATION
BLOCK AT TOP AND BOTTOM LEVEL

DN

CHAIN GUARD.

DN
13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

CONC. THRUST BLOCK.

ADJUSTABLE GLASS
LOUVRES WINDOW

SPOT LIGHT
CHEQUER PLATE
DOOR

BRICKWALL C/W CEMENT


PLASTER ON BOTH SIDES
DRY PIT PUMPS

PLAN VIEW
COPPER TYPE
LIGHTNING ARRESTOR

LIFTING I-BEAM C/W


CARRIER

RAIN WATER DOWN PIPE


TO NEAREST SUMP

MECHANICAL COARSE SCREEN

PENSTOCK
HANDRAIL

R.C GUTTER TO ENGR'S DETAIL

DOOR

SCREENINGS COLLECTION BIN

BRICKWALL C/W
CEMENT PLASTER ON BOTH SIDES
WINDOW

CHEQUER PLATE

3 LAYER CONC. VENTILATION


BLOCK

HANDRAIL
R.C STAIRCASE TO ENGR'S DETAIL

WET WELL

DRY WELL

PERFORATED SLAB
CAT LADDER
OPENINGS

INCOMING SEWER

(FLOAT SWITCH)

CHECK VALVE

2nd. STANDBY PUMP START


2nd. DUTY PUMP START

GATE VALVE

1st.. DUTY PUMP START

ALARM
1st. STANDBY PUMP START

ALL PUMP STOP

STOP LOG

SUMP BWL

N.B. : The discharge level for dewatering pump shall be


higher than the invert level of overflow pipe to prevent
sewage from back flowing into the dry well during
flooding

DEWATERING PUMP

DRY PIT PUMPS

SECTION VIEW

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

145

Appendix A

Figure A 26 : Typical Detail of Wet-well Pump Station

146

Volume 3

Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 27 : Buffer Zone for Pump Station with Super Structure

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

Volume 3

147

Appendix A

Figure A 28 : Buffer Zone for Pump without Super Structure

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Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

Appendix A

Figure A 29 : Standards Symbols and Abbreviations


Figure A. 29 : Symbols

Symbols

PI PE

BUILDING (WOODEN OR

BUILDING
(MASONRY)

DN 375 R.C.P
DIRECTION OF

DN 375 R.C.P

1:80

1:72

PROPOSED MANHOLE AND


SEWER IN PLAN

SEW ER

GATE
POND

P ON

PROPOSED MANHOLE AND SEWER IN


PROFILE

FIRE

PAVED
RAIL
ROAD
CULVER

EXIST ING MANHOLE AND SEWER IN


PLAN

BRIDGE
PAVED CHANNEL AND FLOW
EXIST ING MANHOLE AND SEWER IN
PROFILE

UNPAVED SIDE
SLOPES
CHAINLINK
FENCE
UT ILIT Y

GAS

T ELEPHONE
POLE
ELECT RIC

STREET

ELECT RICAL T RANSMISSION LINE OR


CONDUIT (GENERALLY 1m DEEP)

T ELEPHONE CONDUIT
(GENERALLY 1.5m DEEP)

LIGHT SIDE
P OLE SIDE

PROPERT Y, LOT OR RESERVE

PROVISION FOR BACKDROP FOR


SEWER CONNECT ION

SEPT IC
T ANK
ST

WATER MAIN (GENERALLY 1m DEEP)

PROVISION FOR T -JOINT FOR


SEWER CONNECT ION

BOREHOL

Abbreviations
A.C.P.
C.I.
CH.
CL.
CONC.
CRS
D.I.
DIA.()
D.M.H.
DN.
DRG.
EXIST.
GD.
GR.
H.A.
HORZ
I.D.
INV.
JLN.
KG.
LRG.
LT
MAX.
M.H.
MIN.
MOD.
NO.

ASBESTOS CEMENT
CAST
CHAINAG
CLASS
CONCRET
CENTRE
DUCTILE
DIAMETE
DROP
NOMINAL
DRAWIN
EXISTIN
GROUND
GRADE
HIGH
HORIZONTA
INSIDE
INVER
JALAN
KAMPUN
LORON
LEFT
MAXIMU
MANHOL
MINIMU
MODIFIE
NUMBE

Sewer Networks and Pump Stations

N.T.S.
O.D.
R.C.
R.C.P
RET.
RT
S
SG.
SHT.
SPEC
STD.
SCW.
STL.
STA.
TYP.
VAR.
VERT.
V.C.P
HDPE

Volume 3

NOT TO
OUTSIDE
REINFORCED
REINFORCED CONCRETE
RETICULATION
RIGHT
SLOPE
STREAM OR
SHEET
SPECIFICATIO
STANDAR
STANDARD CUT-OUT
STEEL
STATIO
TYPICA
VARIE
VERTICA
VITRIFIED CLAY
HIGH DENSITY

149