You are on page 1of 33

Philippine Native Trees What to Plant in Different Provinces

CELSO B. LANTICAN, D.Phil. (Oxford)


Retired Professor & Former Dean
UPLB College of Forestry and Natural Resources
College, Laguna
INTRODUCTION
Choosing what to plant for reforestation or
tree farm/plantation development usually requires screening a long list of candidate species to find out which of the species can best
provide a desired end product (e.g. fuelwood,
construction materials, etc.) and which would
be able to grow productively on the site earmarked for planting. The expected output of
the process is a short list of species suited not
only to the desired end product (or service)
but to the chosen planting site as well.

The focus of this paper is on native or indigenous species of trees because the countrys
National Greening Program favors their use in
reforesting degraded upland areas across the
country. The native trees that have been
identified for planting under NGP, as stated in
a memorandum circular issued by DENR in
2011, are dipterocarps, narra, and other premium and other indigenous species. NGP,
however, allows the use of exotic species such
as mahogany, gmelina, acacia and rubber on
account of their economic importance. From
talks that I have had with some field officers
of DENR, I have learned that many exotic species of fruit trees (e.g. coffee, cacao, mango,
rambutan, etc.) are also accepted for planting
under the program.
Reforesting with native trees is a brilliant idea.
Native trees constitute the basic foundation of
the countrys forest ecosystems. Countless
centuries of evolution through natural selection has given them adaptability to their respective local environments. The other advantages of using native trees for reforestation
are as follows:

They possess the natural ability to recover from damage caused by pests
and diseases and even turbulent
weather.

They will help restore the natural habitats of many species of wildlife, including soil flora and fauna and pollinators of many food crops in nearby
areas.

There is less likelihood that they will


become invasive.

Many people are familiar with their


local uses.

A large number of them have been investigated by local scientists.

The question of what native trees to plant in


different provinces is easy to answer select
from among those that are native to the province, taking into account their altitudinal preferences and their suitability for the desired
end product or service.
A master list of the species included in the
paper is provided (Table 1). In the master list
tree size, wood density, and the suitability of
each to four major uses lumber (LBR), veneer and plywood (V&P), wood composition
board (particleboard and fiberboard) and pulp
and paper. Hopefully, the inclusion of data on
these tree characteristics would be useful in
deciding what to plant.
The master list was based largely on the authors knowledge about Philippine timber
producing species gained from many years of
1

teaching dendrology and wood identification


at the UPLB College of Forestry.
There are 141 species belonging to 37 plant
families included in the list. 34 of the families
are hardwood families. The remaining three
belong to the following softwood families
Araucariaceae, Pinaceae and Podocarpaceae.
The families with the most number of species
in the list are the following:
Dipterocarpaceae
Fabaceae
Lauraceae
Meliaceae
Sapotaceae
Anacardiaceae
Apocynaceae
Others
Total

39
13
9
8
8
5
5
54
141

Table 2 provides a list of the species of trees


that occur naturally in different parts of the
country by region and by province. For each
province the names of the different species
that are known to occur naturally therein are
listed. For each species in the list, the altitudinal preferences of each species are marked
with the letter X. In Table 2 there is also a
column that indicates the type of climate that
is predominant in the province.
Climate type was based on the following classification:
Total annual rainfall (mm)
>2600
1800-2600
<1800

0-1
A1
B1
C1

Dry Months
2-3
4-5
A2
A3
B2
B3
C2
C3

6-7
A4
B4
C4

These families account for 62% of the total


number of species included in the list.

This classification system was used by Lantican, Diaz and Tandug (2002) in their work on
species-site compatibility.

The inclusion of wood density values in Table


1 perhaps needs further elaboration. Wood
density is one of the best indicators of wood
quality. It is a reliable indicator of strength,
hardness, workability, shrinkage and swelling,
finishing characteristics and pulp yield.

Mangrove species have not been included in


the master list because the natural habitat of
these species is already well known muddy
tidal flats along sea coasts. It is unlikely that
anyone would even think of using mangrove
species for planting outside its known habitat.

Wood density is customarily classified by


wood scientists into five classes:

HOW THIS PAPER WAS PREPARED

High ( 0.700). Generally used for


heavy construction because of their
strength.
Moderately high (0.601 0.700).
Mostly suitable for house and building
construction.
Medium (0.501 0.600). Mostly suitable for high grade furniture and cabinets.
Moderately low (0.401 0.500).
Generally suitable for veneer and plywood manufacture.
Low ( 0.400). Generally used for pulp
and paper, woodcraft, etc.

The preparation of this paper required the


examination of several publications that provided information about the natural distribution of the different species covered within
the country. The most useful ones were the
works of Merrill (1923-1926), Pelzer, Barcelona and Nickrent (2011 onwards), Reyes
(1938), and Meniado, Valbuena and Tamolang
(1974).
Should anyone be interested in a species that
is not in the master list what he or she should
do is to access either of the following two
books in the internet:
2

Merrills Enumeration of Philippine Flowering


plants and Cos Digital Flora of the Philippines.

for improved forestation. Unpublished terminal report to PCARRD.

It was a long tedious study interrupted by frequent travels, consultancies, speaking engagements, involvement in biofuel research,
appointments with the doctor, inclement
weather, and lack of funds. In preparing this
paper, the author had no external source of
funds.

Meniado, J.A., R.B. Valbuena and F.N. Tamolang. 1974. Timbers of the Philippines. Manila:
Government Printing Office.

To people who have no training in plant taxonomy, going through Merrills work and Cos
digital Flora of the Philippines would have
been a very boring experience. This is probably the reason why we have not had a simple
listing of our flora by province.

Pelser, P.B, J.F. Barcelona, and J.L. Nickrent


(Eds.). 2011 onwards. Cos Digital Flora of the
Philippines. www.philippineplants.org.

Since the preparation of the paper was based


entirely on existing publications, the information presented cannot be considered original.
What the author did was merely to have all
available information compiled, sorted and
presented in a form that would be easy even
for laymen to understand.

PROSEA. 1995. Timber Trees: Minor Commercial Timbers. Vol. 5 Issue 2.

Effort was exerted to get the latest family


names and botanical names of each species
included in the study.

Merrill, E.D. 1922-1926. An Enumeration of


Philippine Flowering Plants. 4 vols. Publ. 18.
Bur. Sc. Manila.

PROSEA. 1993. Timber trees: Major Commercial Timbers. Vol 5. Issue 1.

PROSEA. 1998. Timber Trees: Lesser-Known


Timber. Vol. 5. Issue 3.
Reyes, L.J. 1938. Philippine Woods. Tech. Bull.
7. Dept. Agr. Comm. Manila.
Salvoza, F.M. 1963. Lexicon of Philippine
Trees. Bull. 1. FORPRIDECOM Library, College,
Laguna E-109, Philippines.

REFERENCES
Alipon, M.A. and E.O.Bondad. 2008. Strength
Grouping of Philippine Timbers for Various
Uses. FPRDI Trade Bull. Series no. 4.
FAO. 1980. Guidelines for the Improved Utilization and Marketing of Tropical Wood Species.
FAO. 1997. Appendix 1. List of wood densities
for tree species from Tropical America, Africa
and Asia.
http://www.fao.org/docrep/W4095E/w4095e
0c.htm#TopOfPage

Tamesis, F. and L. Aguilar. 1953. The Philippine Mahogany and other Dipterocarp
Woods. Pop. Bull. 44. Dept. Agr. Nat. Res. Manila.
Tamesis, F. 1953. Important Commercial
Timbers of the Philippines: Their Properties
and Uses. Pop. Bull. 32. Dept. Nat. Res. Manila.
World Agroforestry Center.
http://worldagroforestry.org/regions/southea
st_asia/resources/wood-density-database

Lantican, C.B., C.P.Diaz and L.M. Tandug.


2002. Species-site compatibility assessment
3

Family/Scientific Name
Anacardiaceae
1 Dracontomelon dao
2 D. edule
3 Koordersiodension pinnatum
4 Mangifera altissima
5 Pistacia chinensis
Annonaceae
1 Alphonsea arborea
Apocynaceae
1 Alstonia macrophylla
2 A. scholaris
3 Kibatalia gitingensis
4 Wrightia calycina
5 W. laniti
Araliaceae
1 Polyscias nodosa
Araucariaceae
1 Agathis philippinensis
Boraginaceae
1 Cordia subcordata
Burseraceae
1 Canarium asperum var asperum
2 C. ovatum
3 Garuga floribunda
Calophyllaceae
1 Calophyllum blancoi
2 C. inophyllum
3 C. whitfordii
Casuarinaceae
1 Casuarina equisetifolia
Chrysobalanaceae
1 Maranthes corymbosa
Combretaceae
1 T. citrina
2 T. copelandii
3 T. microcarpa
Ctenolophonaceae
1 Ctenolophon philippinense
Dilleniaceae
1 Dillenia philippinensis
2 D.reifferscheidtia
Dipterocarpaceae
1 Anisoptera aurea
2 A. brunnea
3 A. mindanesis
4 A. thurifera

Common Name

Size

SG

LBR

PLY
X
X

Dao
Lamio
Amugis
Pahutan
Sangilo

L
L
M
M
S

0.57
0.44
0.69
0.55
0.67

X
X
X
X
X

Bolon

0.69

Batino
Dita
Laneteng gubat
Southern lanete
Lanete

L
L
M
M
S

0.64
0.38
0.53
0.49

X
X
X
X
X

Malapapaya

0.37

Almaciga

0.43

Balu

0.50

Pagsahingin
Pili
Bogo

L
L
L

0.60

X
X
X

Bitanghol
Bitaog
Pamitaogen

M
L
L

0.51
0.56

X
X
X

Agoho

0.84

Liusin

0.79

Binggas
Lanipau
Kalumpit

L
L
L

0.73
0.44
0.58

X
X
X

Sudiang

0.49

Katmon
Katmon-kalabau

M
L

0.62
0.59

X
X

Dagang
Afu
Mindanao palosapis
Palosapis

L
L
L
L

0.52
0.65
0.54
0.52

X
X
X
X

0.62

WCB

P&P

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

Family/Scientific Name
5 Dipterocarpus alatus
6 D. caudatus
7 D. eurynchus
8 D. gracilis
9 D. grandiflorus
10 D. hasseltii
11 D. kerrii
12 D. kuntslerii
13 D. validus
14 Hopea acuminata
15 H. basilanica
16 H. brachyptera
17 H. foxworthyi
18 H. malibato
19 H. mindanensis
20 H. philippinensis
21 H. plagata
22 Parashorea malaanonan
23 Pentacme contorta
24 P. mindanensis
25 S. agsaboensis
26 S. almon
27 S. astylosa
28 S. gisok
29 S. guiso
30 S. kalunti
31 S. negrosessis
32 S. philippinensis
33 S. plagata
34 S. polita
35 S. polysperma
36 S. squamata
37 Vatica mangachapoi
38 V. mindanaensis
39 V. pachyphylla
Ebenaceae
1 D. philippensis
2 D. pilosanthera
Euphorbiaceae
3 Endospermum peltatum
Fabaceae
1 Adenanthera intermedia
2 Afzelia rhomboidea
3 A. procera
4 Erythrophloeum densiflorum
5 Intsia bijuga

Common Name
Hairy-leafed apitong
Tail-leafed panau
Basilan apitong
Panau
Apitong
Hasselt panau
Malapanau
Broad-winged apitong
Hagakhak
Manggachapui
Mindanao narek
Narek
Dalingdingan
Kaliot
Magasusu
Gisok-gisok
Saplungan
Bagtikan
White lauan
Mindanao white lauan
Tiaong
Almon
Yakal
Gisok
Guijo
Kalunti
Red lauan
Manggasinoro
Malaguijo
Malaanonang
Tangile
Mayapis
Narig
Mindanao narig
Thick-leafed narig

Size
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
M
M
M
S
M
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
M
M
M

SG
0.63
0.61
0.56
0.61
0.62
0.67
0.56
0.57
0.52
0.64
0.83
0.83
0.62
0.85

LBR
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

0.71
0.88
0.48
0.42
0.48
0.31
0.43
0.76
0.76
0.69
0.41
0.45
0.41
0.70
0.46
0.46
0.41
0.66
0.65
0.65

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Kamagong
Bolong-eta

M
M

0.78
0.81

X
X

Gubas

0.30

Tanglin
Tindalo
Akleng parang
Kamatog
Ipil

L
M
M
L
L

0.84
0.80
0.59
0.66
0.68

X
X
X
X
X

PLY
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

WCB
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

P&P
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

X
X
X

Family/Scientific Name
6 Kingiodendron alternifolium
7 Koompassia excelsa
8 Pterocarpus indicus f. indicus
9 P. indicus f. echinata
10 Serialbizia acle
11 Sindora inermis
12 S. supa
13 Wallaceodendron celebicum
Fagaceae
1 Castanopsis philippinensis
2 Lithocarpus bennettii
Gentianaceae
1 Fagraea fragrans
Lamiaceae
1 Teijsmanniodendron ahernianum
2 Vitex parviflora
Lauraceae
1 Alseodaphne malabonga
2 Cinnamomum mercadoi
3 Dehaasia cairocan
4 D. triandra
5 Eusideroxylon zwageri
6 Litsea euphlebia
7 L. leytensis
8 L. philippinensis
9 Phoebe sterculioides
Lecythidaceae
1 Combretodendron quadrialatum
Lythraceae
1 Lagerstroemia piriformis
2 L. speciosa
Malvaceae
1 Bombycidendron vidalianum
Meliaceae
1 Aglaia bicolor
2 A. clarkii
3 Amoora aherniana
4 Azadirachta excelsa
5 Chisocheton pentandrus
6 Melia dubia
7 Toona calantas
8 T. sureni
Moraceae
1 Artocarpus blancoi
2 A. nitida
3 A. ovata

Common Name
Batete
Manggis
Smooth narra
Prickly narra
Akle
Kayugalu
Supa
Banuyo

Size
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L

SG
0.48
0.70
0.53
0.51
0.63
0.69
0.62
0.65

LBR
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Philippine chestnut
Pangnan

M
L

0.51
0.75

X
X

Urung

0.85

Dangula
Molave

M
M

0.97
0.70

X
X

Malabunga
Kalingag
Malakadios
Margapali
Tambulian
Matang-usa
Batikuling
Bakan
Kaburo

M
M
M
L
L
M
M
M
M

0.45
0.54
0.64
0.43
0.40
0.37
0.40
0.46

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Toog

0.61

Batitinan
Banaba

L
M

0.53
0.53

X
X

Lanutan

0.52

Batukanag
Tukang-kalau
Kato
Maranggo
Katong-matsing
Bagalunga
Kalantas
Danupra

M
M
L
M
M
L
L

0.77
0.58
0.59
0.52
0.52
0.29

X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Antipolo
Kubi
Anubing

L
L
M

0.45
0.58
0.53

X
X
X

PLY

X
X

X
X

WCB

P&P

Family/Scientific Name
Myrtaceae
1 Eucalyptus deglupta
2 Syzygium nitidum
3 Tristania decorticata
4 Xanthostemon verdugonianus
Olacaceae
1 Strombosia philippinensis
Pinaceae
1 Pinus kesiya
2 P. merkusii
Podocarpaceae
1 P. philippinensis
Rhamnaceae
1 Alphitonia philippinensis
2 Ziziphus talanai
Rubiaceae
1 Nauclea orientalis
2 Ludeckia bernardoi
3 Neonauclea calycina
Salicaceae
1 Homalium bracteatum
2 H. foetidum
Sapindaceae
1 Pometia pinnata
Sapotaceae
1 Diploknema ramiflora
2 Madhuca betis
3 Manilkara merrilliana
4 Mimusops parvifolia
5 Palaquium luzoniense
6 Pouteria duclitan
7 P. macrantha
8 P. obovata
Sterculiaceae
1 Pterospermum diversifolium
2 Tarrietia javanica
3 T. sylvatica
Thymelaeaceae
1 Gonystylus macrophyllus

Common Name

Size

SG

LBR

PLY

WCB

P&P

Bagras
Makaasim
Malabayabas
Mangkono

L
M
M
M

0.49
0.66
0.97
1.04

X
X
X
X

Tamayuan

0.74

Benguet pine
Mindoro pine

L
L

0.53
0.57

X
X

Malakauayan

0.51

Tulo
Balakat

M
L

0.40
0.56

X
X

Bangkal
Ludek
Kalamansanai

L
L
M

0.53

0.62

Arangga-babae
Arangga

M
L

0.76
0.85

X
X

Malugai

0.53

Banite
Betis
Duyok-duyok
Bansalagin
Nato
Duklitan
White nato
Mangkas

L
L
M
M
L
M
L
M

0.72
0.47
0.61
0.57
0.91

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Bayok
Lumbayau
Dungon

M
L
L

0.44
0.73
0.81

X
X
X

Lanutan-bagyo

0.50

0.76

Province

Ilocos Norte

1
1

CAR

Ilocos Sur

La Union
Pangasinan

Abra

CAR

Apayao

CAR

Benguet

Climate Species
B4

B4

B3
B4

B4

A3

Afu

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Arangga-babae

Bagalunga

Bitanghol

Danupra

Duklitan

Kubi

Malabatino

Malakadios

Malugai

Nato

Vidal's lanutan

Arangga-babae

Batukanag

Bitanghol

Danupra

Malabatino

Malabunga

Malakadios

Malakauayan

Nato

Pahutan

X
X

Vidal's lanutan

White nato

Balu

Makaasim

Akle

Amugis

Arangga-babae

Baniti

Batino

Batukanag

Bitanghol

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Gisok

Kubi

Malaanonang

Malakatmon

Malapapaya

Marabitaog

Mayapis

Nato

Saplungan

Tangile

Arangga-babae

Hairy-leafed apitong

Kubi

Nato

Vidal's lanutan

Nato

Benguet pine

Malabayabas

Tukang kalau

Province

Climate Species

0- 400

Bitanghol

Gubas

Malapapaya

400-800 800-1200 >1200


X

Benguet pine
Sangilo

CAR

CAR

CAR
2

Bontoc

Ifugao

A3

A3

Tulo

Vidal's lanutan

Malakadios

Vidal's lanutan

Bitanghol

Benguet pine

Benguet pine
Tulo

A3

Bitanghol

Babuyan Is

B2

Almaciga

B2

Amugis

Banuyo

Batino

Dangula

Dita

Duklitan

Ipil

Kalantas

Kalingag

Katong-matsing

Malugai

Manggachapui

Mayapis

Narig

Palosapis

Tangile

White lauan

Akleng parang

Afu

Almaciga

Amugis

Mt. Province

Cagayan

Apitong

Bansalagin

Banuyo

Batete

Batino

Batukanag

Bayok

Betis

Binggas

Bitanghol

Broad-winged apitong

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Duklitan

Dungon

Gubas

Guijo

Hagakhak

Province

Isabela

Climate Species

C3

0- 400

Kalantas

Kalumpit

400-800 800-1200 >1200


X

Kamatog

Katmon

Katong-matsing

Lanete

Lanutan-bagyo

Ludek

Malaanonang

Malabatino

Malabayabas

Malabunga

Malak malak

Malakadios

Malakatmon

Malugai

Manggachapui

Manggasinoro

Margapali

Mayapis

Narig

Narra, prickly

Narra, smooth

Nato

Pahutan

Palosapis

Pamitaogen

Red lauan

Saplungan

Saplungan

Tangile

Tanglin

Tiaong

Tindalo

Vidal's lanutan

White lauan

White nato

Almaciga

Apitong

Bayok

Binggas

Bitanghol

Bitanghol

Broad-winged apitong

Dagang

Dungon

Guijo

Hagakhak

Hasselt panau

Kaburo

Kalantas

Kalumpit

Katmon

Katong-matsing

Lanete

Province

Climate Species
Makaasim

Nueva Viscaya

B3

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Malak malak

Malakadios

Manggachapui

Margapali

Mayapis

Narig

Narra, prickly

Palosapis

Pamitaogen

Red lauan

Tangile

Tanglin

White lauan

Katong-matsing

Almaciga

Amugis

Apitong

Batino

Bayok

Binggas

Dita

Dungon

Guijo

Hagakhak

Hairy-leafed apitong

Kalantas

Kalumpit

Katmon

Lanete

Malak malak

Malakatmon

Manggachapui

Margapali

Narig

Palosapis

Saplungan

White lauan

Benguet pine
2

Quirino

Aurora

B3

B3

Almaciga

Apitong

Bayok

Binggas

Dungon

Guijo

Kalantas

Kalumpit

Katmon

Katong-matsing

Malak malak

Narig

Palosapis

White lauan

Almaciga

Antipolo

Province

Bataan

Climate Species

B4

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Anubing

Apitong

Banaba

Bayok

Binggas

Bitanghol

Dungon

Guijo

Hagakhak

Kalantas

Kalumpit

Katmon

Katong-matsing

Lamio

Lanete

X
X

X
X

Narig

Palosapis

Amugis

Arangga-babae

Bagalunga

Bakan

Baniti

Batikuling

Batino

Bitanghol

Dita

Duklitan

Gubas

Hairy-leafed apitong

Kato

Kubi

Lamio

Manggachapui

White lauan

Malak malak

Almon

X
X

Lanutan-bagyo

Malabatino

Malabayabas

Malakadios

Malakatmon

Malakauayan

Malakauayan

Malapapaya

Malugai

Mayapis

Nato

Pahutan

Pamitaogen

Panau

Red lauan

Saplungan

Saplungan

Tangile

Vidal's lanutan

R
3

Province
Bulacan

Climate Species
C4

Cavite

B3

Nueva Ecija

B3

0- 400

White nato

Akle

Amugis

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Arangga-babae

Bagalunga

Bagtikan

Baniti

Batino

Dita

Gisok

Guijo

Lamio

Makaasim

Malabunga

Mayapis

Narig

Narra, prickly

Panau

Red lauan

Saplungan

Saplungan

Tangile

Tiaong

Vidal's lanutan

Betis

Kubi

Akle

Almaciga

Amugis

Batino

Bitanghol

Dalingdingan

Dita

Hagakhak

Benguet pine

Lanutan-bagyo

Bagtikan

Hasselt panau

Lokinai

Pampanga

C4

Makaasim

Malaanonang

Manggachapui

Margapali

Mayapis

Pahutan

Red lauan

Saplungan

Supa

Tangile

Tiaong

Vidal's lanutan

White nato

Akle

Arangga-babae

Batukanag

Province

Tarlac

Zambales

Climate Species

C4

A4

4A

4A

Batangas

Laguna

B3

B3

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Malakauayan

Malakauayan

Amugis

Batino

Dita

Guijo

Liusin

Makaasim

Malak malak

Pahutan

Akle

Arangga-babae

Baniti

Bitanghol

Dangula

Danupra

Guijo

Kato

Liusin

Malaanonang

Malakatmon

Malapapaya

Manggachapui

Marabitaog

Mayapis

Mindoro Pine

X
X

Nato

Pahutan

Pamitaogen

Panau

Tangile

Tukang kalau

Akle

X
X

Balu

Bogo

Duklitan

Kubi

Lamio

Malabatino

Malapapaya

Tukang kalau

Akle

Amugis

Arangga-babae

Bagtikan

Baniti

Narig

Akleng parang

Batino

Bitanghol

Bolon

Dagang

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Province

Climate Species

4A

4A

Quezon

A1

0- 400

Duklitan

Gisok-gisok

400-800 800-1200 >1200


X

Gubas

Hasselt panau

Kaburo

Katmon -kalabau

Kato

Kubi

Lamio

Lanete

Laneteng-gubat

Lanutan-bagyo

Ludek

Makaasim

Malaanonang

Malabatino

Malabayabas

Malabunga

Malak malak

Malapanau

Malapapaya

Malugai

Manggachapui

Manggasinoro

Margapali

Matang-usa

Mayapis

Narig

Narra, prickly

Nato

Pahutan

Pamitaogen

Pili

Pili

Piling-liitan

Red lauan

Saplungan

Saplungan

Tamayuan

Tangile

Tiaong

Tulo

Vidal's lanutan

Akle

Almaciga

Almon

Amugis

Antipolo

Anubing

Apitong

Arangga

Bagalunga

Bagtikan

Bakan

Balu

R
4A

4A

Province

Climate Species

0- 400

Bangkal

Baniti

400-800 800-1200 >1200


X

Batete

Batikuling

Batino

Batukanag

Bayok

Betis

Binggas

Bitanghol

Bolon

Broad-winged apitong

Dagang

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Duklitan

Dungon

Duyok duyok

Gisok

Gisok-gisok

Gubas

Guijo

Guijo

Hagakhak

Kaburo

Kalantas

Kaliot

Kalumpit

Kamatog

Katmon

Katmon -kalabau

Katong-matsing

Lamio

Lanete

Laneteng-gubat

Lanutan-bagyo

Makaasim

Malaanonang

Malabatino

Malabayabas

Malak malak

Malakadios

Malapanau

Malapapaya

Malugai

Manggachapui

Manggachapui

Manggasinoro

Marabitaog

Margapali

Mayapis

Narig

Narra, prickly

Nato

Province

Climate Species

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Pahutan

Palosapis

Pamitaogen

Panau

Pili

Pili

Red lauan

Saplungan

Saplungan

Supa

Tail-leafed panau

Tamayuan

Tangile

Thick-leafed narig

Tiaong

Tukang kalau

White lauan

White nato

Yakal

4A

Quezon (Alabat)

A1

Piling liitan

4A

Quezon (Polillo)

A1

Bagtikan

Balu

Broad-winged apitong

4A

Rizal

B3

Dagang

Dalingdingan

Guijo

Katmon

Malabayabas

Mayapis

Panau

Pili

Pili

Red lauan

Tangile

Tiaong

White lauan

Akle

Bagalunga

Bagtikan

Batukanag

Betis

Bitanghol

Bolon

Gubas

Kamatog

Katmon -kalabau

Lamio

Lanete

Makaasim

Malaanonang

Malabatino

Malabayabas

Malabunga

Malakadios

Malapapaya

4B

4B

Province

Marinduque

Mindoro

Climate Species

C3

B3

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Margapali

Mayapis

Nato

Pahutan

Panau

Saplungan

Saplungan

Tangile

Tulo

Vidal's lanutan

Bakan

Mayapis

Panau

X
X

Tangile

Amugis

Apitong

Bagalunga

Balu

Bangkal

Baniti

Batino

Bayok

Binggas

Bolon

Dalingdingan

Danupra

Dita

Duklitan

Dungon

Duyok duyok

X
X

Guijo

Hagakhak

Kaburo

Kalantas

Katmon

Katmon -kalabau

Lanete

Lanutan-bagyo

Bogo

Gubas

Lokinai
Makaasim

X
X

Malaanonang

Malabatino

Malabunga

Malak malak

Malakadios

Malakauayan

Malakauayan

Malugai

Manggachapui

Margapali

Mayapis

Mindoro Pine

Narra, prickly

Province

Climate Species

0- 400
X

Nato

Pahutan

Palosapis

Pamitaogen

Panau

Philippine chestnut

4B

4B

Palawan

C2

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Narra, smooth

Piling-liitan

Piling-liitan

Saplungan

Saplungan

Supa

Tangile

Tulo

Urung

Vidal's lanutan

White lauan

White nato

Dangula

Akle

Almaciga

Amayan

Apitong

Balakat

X
X
X

Balu

Bansalagin

Batino

Bayok

Bitanghol

Bogo

Dita

Duklitan

Hasselt panau

Ipil

Kalumpit

Kamatog

Kamatog

Lamio

Lanete

Lanipau

Liusin

Malabatino

Malakatmon

Malapapaya

Malugai

Manggis

Narig

Narra, prickly

Narra, smooth

Panau

Southern lanete

Tail-leafed panau

Tindalo

Tanglin

Tukang kalau

X
X

Province

Climate Species

0- 400

Tulo

Urung

Vidal's lanutan

4B

Palawan (Balabac)

C2

Bogo

Urung

4B

Palawan (Busuanga)

C2

Amayan

Urung

4B

Palawan (Coron)

C2

Vidal's lanutan

Lanete

4B

Romblon (Sibuyan)

B2

4B

4B

Romblon (Tablas)

Albay

B2

A1

400-800 800-1200 >1200


X
X

Urung

Amugis

Apitong

Bakan

Batino

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Gisok

Laneteng-gubat

Margapali

Nato

Pahutan

Palosapis

Red lauan

Tail-leafed panau

Tangile

Tiaong

Tukang kalau

White lauan

Kubi

Lamio

Saplungan

Saplungan

Tukang kalau

Almon

Amugis

Bagtikan

Batete

Batino

Broad-winged apitong

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Dungon

Gisok

Gisok-gisok

Gubas

Guijo

Kalantas

Kalumpit

Katmon

Katong-matsing

X
X

Kayugalu

Kubi

Malak malak

Province

Camarines

Climate Species

A1

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Malapanau

Mayapis

Narra, prickly

Pili

Pili

Red lauan

Supa

Tail-leafed panau

Tangile

Tukang kalau

White lauan

Akle

Almaciga

Almon

Amugis

X
X

Arangga

Arangga-babae

Bagalunga

Bagtikan

Balu

Batete

Batino

Bayok

Betis

Binggas

Bolon

Broad-winged apitong

Dangula

Dita

Duklitan

Dungon

Gisok

Gisok-gisok

Gubas

Guijo

Hagakhak

Kalantas

Kalumpit

Kamatog

Kamatog

Katmon

Katmon -kalabau

Katong-matsing

Kayugalu

Lamio

Laneteng-gubat

Lanutan-bagyo

X
X

Ludek

Malabatino

Malabayabas

Malabunga

Malak malak

Malakadios

Malapanau

Manggachapui

Province

Climate Species

Catanduanes

Masbate

A2

B2

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Manggasinoro

Margapali

Mayapis

Narig

Narra, prickly

Pahutan

Palosapis

Pili

Pili

Red lauan

Saplungan

Saplungan

Supa

Tail-leafed panau

Tangile

Thick-leafed narig

Tiaong

Tukang kalau

Tulo

White lauan

White nato

Yakal

Apitong

Dagang

X
X
X

Apitong

Bitanghol

Bagtikan

Bakan

Dalingdingan

Katmon -kalabau

Akle

Amugis

Bagtikan

Batete

Batino

Binggas

Bitanghol

Bogo

Bolon

Dita

Dungon

Guijo

Katmon

Ludek

Malabatino

Malakadios

Malugai

Margapali

Nato

Palosapis

Piling-liitan

Southern lanete

X
X

Tukang kalau

Bayok

Toog

R
5
5

Province
Masbate (Burias)
Masbate (Ticao)

Climate Species
B2
B2

Sorsogon

A1

0- 400

White lauan

Balu

Tukang kalau

Amugis

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Batete

Batino

Bayok

Binggas

Bolon

Dita

Malakadios

Malugai

Manggasinoro

Palosapis

Piling-liitan

White nato

Akle

Almaciga

Almon

Amugis

Apitong

Bagtikan

Bangkal

Batete

Batikuling

Batino

Bitanghol

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Gubas

Guijo

Kalantas

Kalumpit

Kamatog

Katmon

Katmon -kalabau

Lamio

Laneteng-gubat

Malak malak

Malapanau

Malapapaya

Manggachapui

Mayapis

Mindanao narig

Narig

Narra, prickly

Palosapis

Pili

Pili

Red lauan

Saplungan

Saplungan

Tail-leafed panau

Tangile

Province

Aklan, Antique, Capiz and

Climate Species

B3

Iloilo

0- 400

Tiaong

White lauan

Akle

Amayan

400-800 800-1200 >1200


X

Amugis

Apitong

Bagtikan

Batino

Bitanghol

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Dungon

Gisok-gisok

Guijo

Kaburo

Kubi

Lokinai
Malabunga

Bohol

Guimaras

Negros Occidental

C2

B3

B3

Malak malak

Malakadios

Mangkono

Marabitaog

Mayapis

Palosapis

Pili

Southern lanete

Tangile

Tulo

Bagalunga

Mayapis

Piling-liitan

Saplungan

Saplungan

Bayok

Kubi

Marabitaog

Nato

Southern lanete

Tulo

Akle

Almaciga

Almon

X
X

Amugis

Anubing

Apitong

Bagalunga

Bagtikan

Bakan

Banuyo

Batikuling

Batino

Batukanag

Bayok

Binggas

Province

Climate Species
Bogo

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Broad-winged apitong

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Gisok-gisok

Guijo

Hasselt panau

Kaburo

Kalantas

Kaliot

Katmon

Katmon -kalabau

Lamio

Lanete

Laneteng-gubat

Lokinai

Malabatino

Malabunga

Malak malak

Malakadios

Malugai

Margapali

Mayapis

Palosapis

Red lauan

Southern lanete

Tamayuan

Tangile

Toog

Tulo

White lauan

Yakal

Siquijor

C4

Bagalunga

Cebu

C3

Bagalunga

Bagtikan

Banuyo

Negros Oriental

B3

Panau

Bogo

Gisok

Hagakhak

Kalantas

Katmon

Kubi

Malugai

Red lauan

Southern lanete

Tukang kalau

Akle

Almaciga

Almon

X
X

Amugis

Anubing

Apitong

Bagalunga

Province

Climate Species

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Bagtikan

Bakan

X
X

Banuyo

Batikuling

Batino

Batukanag

Bayok

Binggas

Bogo

Broad-winged apitong

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Gisok-gisok

Guijo

Hasselt panau

Kaburo

Kalantas

Kaliot

Katmon

Katmon -kalabau

Lamio

Lanete

Laneteng-gubat

Lokinai

Biliran

Leyte

B1

B1

Malabatino

Malabunga

Malak malak

Malakadios

Malugai

Margapali

Mayapis

Palosapis

Red lauan

Southern lanete

Tamayuan

Tangile

Toog

Tulo

White lauan

Yakal

Panau

Apitong

Gisok-gisok

Hasselt panau

Mayapis

Red lauan

Southern lanete

Tangile

Yakal

Almaciga

Amugis

Bagtikan

Bakan

Baniti

Province

Climate Species

0- 400
X

Batikuling

Batino

Batukanag

Binggas

Bitanghol

Bolon

Dangula

Dita

Gisok

Gisok-gisok

Guijo

Samar

A1

Hagakhak

Hasselt panau

Kaburo

Kalantas

Katmon

Laneteng-gubat

Lanipau

Lanipau

Ludek

Malabunga

Malapapaya

Malugai

Manggachapui

Manggasinoro

Mangkono

Mayapis

Mindanao narig

Narig

Narra, prickly

Philippine chestnut
8

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Batete

X
X

Pili

Pili

Red lauan

Southern lanete

Sudiang

Tangile

Tiaong

Toog

Tulo

White lauan

Almaciga

Almon

X
X

Amayan

Amugis

Antipolo

Anubing

Apitong

Arangga-babae

Bagtikan

Bakan

Banuyo

Batete

Batino

Province

Climate Species

0- 400
X

Broad-winged apitong

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dita

Dungon

Duyok duyok

Gisok

Gisok-gisok

Gisok-gisok

Guijo

Zamboanga

A1

Hagakhak

Kaburo

Kalantas

Kamatog

Lamio

Laneteng-gubat

Ludek

Malabatino

Malugai

Manggachapui

Manggasinoro

Mayapis

Narig

Philippine chestnut

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Bitanghol

Pili

Pili

Red lauan

Sudiang

Tamayuan

Tangile

Toog

Tulo

White lauan

Yakal

Almon

Amugis

Bagras

Batete

Batino

Bitanghol

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dangula

Dita

Duklitan

Gisok

Gisok

Gisok-gisok

Hagakhak

Hasselt panau

Kalamansanai

Kalunti

Kamatog

Kamatog

10

10

10

Province

Bukidnon

Lanao

Misamis

Climate Species

B1

B4

B3

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Kamingi

Katmon

X
X

Katmon -kalabau

Kayugalu

Kayugalu

Lanete

Ludek

Lumbayau

Magasusu

Malaanonang

Malakadios

Manggachapui

Marabitaog

Mayapis

Mindanao narig

Mindanao palosapis

Mindanao white lauan

Narek

Tangile

Yakal

Batitinan

Panau

Batete

Bitanghol

Almaciga

Almon

Bitanghol

Mayapis

Tangile

Almon

Bitanghol

Dao

Gisok-gisok

Kalunti

Kamatog

Kamatog

Lumbayau

Manggasinoro

Mayapis

Mindanao white lauan

Pagsahingin

Southern lanete

Tangile

Almon

Amugis

Apitong

Batete

Batete

Batino

Batitinan

Dita

Lumbayau

Manggachapui

Manggasinoro

Mayapis

11

Province

Davao

Climate Species

C2

0- 400

Red lauan

Tangile

Almaciga

Bangkal

Batete

Batino

Dangula

Dangula

Dita

Hagakhak

Kalunti

Katmon

Lanipau

Ludek

Malaanonang

Malabayabas

Manggachapui

Manggasinoro

Narig

Pagsahingin
Panau

11

11

Davao DN

Davao DS

A1

B1

400-800 800-1200 >1200

X
X

Red lauan

Southern bagtikan

Southern bagtikan

Southern lanete

Tamayuan

Tangile

Tanglin

Tiaong

Tindalo

Lanipau

Almon

Amugis

Bagtikan

Guijo

Kalantas

Malapanau

Malugai

Mayapis

Nato

Tangile

Toog

Tulo

Yakal

C2

Bitanghol

Bagtikan'

Nato

Pamitaogen

Amugis

Binggas

X
X

Philippine chestnut
Cotabato

Lokinai

12

X
X

Arangga

Bagras

Batete

Province

Climate Species

12

Sarangani

C4

13

Agusan

A1

13

13

Agusan DN

Agusan DS

A1

A1

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Batete

Batino

Dao

Dita

Duklitan

Gubas

Kayugalu

Lamio

Lumbayau

Malaanonang

Manggachapui

Narra, smooth

Panau

Tindalo

Kalingag

Kayugalu

Almaciga

Almon

Apitong

Bagras

Batete

Batete

Batitinan

Dalingdingan

Dangula

Dangula

Dao

Gisok

Gisok-gisok

Kalingag

Lanipau

Manggasinoro

Mangkono

Mindanao narig

Mindanao white lauan

Narra, smooth

Red lauan

Southern bagtikan

Sudiang

Tangile

Tiaong

Toog

Yakal

Bitanghol

Gubas

Hagakhak

Kalamansanai

Kaliot

Katmon

Malapanau

Southern bagtikan

Almon

Bayok

Guijo

Hagakhak

13

Province

Surigao

ARMM Basilan

Climate Species

A1

C3

0- 400

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Katmon

Kubi

Lanipau

Mayapis

Tiaong

Almaciga

Amayan

Arangga

Dangula

Dangula

Dao

Duyok duyok

Hagakhak

Lanipau

Lanipau

Malabatino

Manggasinoro

Mangkono

Mayapis

Panau

Pili

Pili

Sudiang

Toog

Tulo

Tulo

Almon

Bagtikan

Bitanghol

Broad-winged apitong

Katmon

Tiaong

Red lauan

Tangile

Kayugalu

Bagtikan

Broad-winged apitong

X
X

Hagakhak

Katmon

Mayapis

Red lauan

Tangile

Yakal

Almon

Amugis

Balu

Basilan apitong

Batino

Batukanag

Bayok

Broad-winged apitong

Dita

Gisok

Guijo

Hasselt panau

Province

Climate Species

0- 400

Kalamansanai

Kalunti

400-800 800-1200 >1200

Lumbayau

Malaanonang

Malapapaya

Manggasinoro

Maranggo

Mayapis

Mindanao narek

Mindanao palosapis

Saplungan

Tangile

ARMM Jolo

C3

Balu
Kayugalu

ARMM Lanao DS

B4

Bitanghol

Narig

ARMM Sulu
ARMM Tawi Tawi

C3
C3

Kayugalu

Tambulian

Kayugalu

Balu

Bitanghol

Mindanao narek

Saplungan

X
X