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1. a) Write 3 differences between Conduction and Convection.

(3)
b) The diagram shows a chimney over a furnace. A coal fire is burning in the
furnace. Air moves in the furnace and up the chimney.

Describe how the process of convection causes this air movement.


(4)

2. a) State: The law of Conservation of energy


(3)
b) Explain the following observations, referring to the appropriate process of
heat transfer in each case.
i.
Two fresh cups of tea are poured out.
A thin plastic lid is placed on top of one of the cups. The tea in
this cup keeps hot for longer.
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ii.

Where would you expect the cooling element to be placed in a


freezer?
(3)

c) Define: 1 Watt of Power.

(2)

3. A man uses uniform plank to lift a block.


He holds the plank horizontal.

(b) State the equation linking moment, force and perpendicular distance
from the pivot.
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(c) Calculate the clockwise moment of the block about the pivot
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(d) Calculate the force of the man pushing down on the plank
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4. A bowling ball is rolling with a velocity of 6 m/s and hits a pin. The mass of the
ball is 6400g.
(a) Define momentum and write equation of momentum
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(b) Calculate the momentum of the ball before it hits the pin and give its unit.
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(c) The mass of the pin is 1500g. After the collision, the ball and the pin have the
same velocity. Calculate the velocity of the pin.
(3)

5.

a) Write an equation that links pressure, force and area.


(1)
b) Calculate the force exerted on the road by the tyre and give its unit.
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c) Use ideas about molecules to explain why the air inside the tyre exerts
pressure. (3)
d) Describe a process to measure the density of a irregular shaped object
(3)

6. Nuclear power generation does not produce greenhouse gases. This is a


significant advantage of nuclear power over power stations that burn fossil fuels.
a) What are the disadvantages of nuclear power stations?
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b) What other advantages are there in using nuclear power?
(2)

c) What is the greenhouse effect? How can we reduce the greenhouse


effect on the earth?
(3)

7.

i.
ii.

Define: Gravitational Potential Energy.


(1)
Calculate GPE lost by the mass.
(2)
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iii.
iv.

Explain why only some of the GPE of the mass is transferred to the
lamp. (2)
Water from a reservoir can be used to generate electricity on a large
scale.
Describe the energy transfer involved in this process.
(3)

8. A hydroelectric power station has the turbines that are fed by a reservoir in the
mountains. The reservoir is 8500m above the power station. As water falls from
the reservoir to the turbine in the power station it gains kinetic energy. The
kinetic energy is converted to electrical energy by generators driven by the
turbines. ( g= 10N/kg)
a) How much K.E. does each kilogram of water gain as it falls on the
turbines?
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b) The turbines are 65% efficient. What is the power output of the station
if 150000g of water passes through the turbines each minute?
(3)
c) Give two advantages of hydroelectric power stations in terms of the
supply and demand of electricity.
(2)
d) Draw a Sankey Diagram (to scale) of the energy conversion.
(3)