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MODULE-21B

MODULE-21B

Buckling of Column

1. The effective length of a column in a

reinforced concrete building frame, as

per IS: 456-2000, is independent of

the

(a) Frame type i.e., braced

sway) or un-braced (with sway)

(b) Span of the beam

(c) Height of the column

(d) Loads acting on the frame

(no

with both ends hinged is acted upon

by an axial compressive load, P. The

differential equation governing the

bending of column is given by

where

is the structural lateral

deflection and EI is the flexural

rigidity. The first critical load on

column responsible for its buckling is

given by

(a) 2EI/L2

(b)

EI/L2

2

(c) 2 EI/L2

(d) 4 2EI/L2

3. The buckling load

for the

column AB in the figure, as

KT approaches infinity, become

4. A steel column, pinned at both ends,

has a buckling load of 200kN. If the

column is restrained against lateral

movement at its mid-height, its

buckling load will be

(A)

200kN (B) 283kN (C)

400kN

(D) 800kN

of two steel strips, each of thickness t

and width b is shown in the figure

below. The critical loads of the

column with perfect bond and without

bond between the strips are P and

P0respectively. The ration P/P0 is

, where is equal to

6. A rigid bar GH of length L is

supported by a hinge and a spring of

stiffness K as shown in the figure

JH Academy

bar will be

for the

(A)

0.5 KL

(B)

0.8 KL

(C)

1.0KL

(D)

1.2KL

a compression member:

I. The elastic critical stress in

compression increases with decrease

in slenderness ratio

II. The effective length depends on the

boundary conditions at its ends

III. The elastic critical stress in

compression is independent of the

slenderness ratio

IV.

The ratio of the effective

length to its radius of gyration is

called as slenderness ratio

The TRUE statements are

(A) II and III

(B)

III and IV

(C) II, III and IV (D) I, II and

IV

8. The effective length of a column of

length L fixed against rotation and

translation alone end and free al the

other end is

(A)0.5L(B) 0.7 L(C)1. 414L(D) 2L

9. The ratio of the theoretical critical

buckling load for a column with fixed

ends to that of another column with

the same dimensions and material, but

with pinned ends, is equal to

(A) 0.5 (B) 1.0 (C) 2.0 (D) 4.0

10. The sketch shows a column with a pin

at the base and rollers at the top. It is

subjected to an axial force P and a

JH Academy

MODULE-21B

moment M at mid-height.

reaction(s) at R is/are

The

(B) a vertical force equal to P/2

(C) a vertical force equal to P and a

horizontal force equal to M/h

(D) a vertical force equal to P/2 and a

horizontal force equal to M/h

11. Two steel columns P (length

and

yield strength

) and Q

(length 2 and yield strength

) have the same crosssections and end-conditions. The ratio

of buckling load of column P to that of

column Q is:

(A) 0.5 (B) 1.0 (C) 2.0 (D) 4.0

12. A column of height H and area at top

A has the same strength throughout its

length, under its own weight and

applied stress

at the top. Density of

column material is . To satisfy the

above condition, the area of the

column at the bottom should be

a)

c) A

b)

d)

a mild steel column is 3300kg/

.

Eulers formula for crippling load is

applicable for slenderness ratio equal

to/greater than

a) 40

b) 50

c)

d) 80

60

not correctly matched?

Boundary

Conditions of

column

buckling

load

Eulers

MODULE-21B

Codes:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the

correct explanation of A

b) Both A and R are true but R is not

a correct explanation of A

c) A is true but R is false

d) A is false but R is true.

18. A short column of external diameter

and internal diameter

carries

an external load W. for no-tension

condition, the eccentricity will be

a) Pin-pin

b) Fixedend

c) Fixed-free

hinged, the slenderness ratio is 160.

The d ratio of the column is

a) 80

b) 57

c)

d) 20

diameter d and external diameter

1.5d is subjected to compressive

load. The maximum distance of the

point of application of load from the

centre for no tension is

a) d/8

b) 13d/48

c)

d) 13d/96

d/4

column of specified material, crosssection and end conditions calculated

as per Eulers formula varies inversely

with the column length.

Reason(R): Eulers formula takes

into account the end conditions in

determining the effective length of

column.

JH Academy

b)

c)

d)

d) Fixed-pin

40

a)

moment. If the intensity of bearing

pressure due to axial load is equal to

stress due to the moment then the

bearing pressure between the base and

the concrete is

a) Uniform compression throughout

b) Zero at one end and compression

at the other end

c) Tension at one end and

compression at the other end

d) Uniform tension throughout

20. Assertion (A): Rankies theory is

generally used for finding out the

buckling load

of

intermediate

columns.

Reason (R): Eulers theory gives

higher values for buckling loads in

intermediate columns.

Codes:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the

correct explanation of A

b) Both A and R are true but R is not

a correct explanation of A

c) A is true but R is false

d) A is false but R is true.

NOT correctly matched?

a) Both ends hinged:

b) Both end fixed:

c) One end fixed and other end free:

MODULE-21B

d) 3

D, and internal diameter d, carries an

eccentric load such that tension is

developed nowhere. What shall be the

diameter of the core?

a)

22. The slenderness ratio of a compression

member in the context of Rankies

formula is defined as

b)

c)

d)

1000KN and crushing load is

1500KN, the Rankine load is equal to

a)

b)

c)

a) 2500KN

b) 1500KN

c) 1000KN

d) 600KN

the most appropriate theory of failure

is

d)

23. Match list-I(end conditions of

columns)

with

list-II(effective

length, ) and select the correct

answer using the codes given below

the lists:

List-I

List-II

A. Both ends fixed

1. =2L

B. Both ends hinged

2.

a)

b)

c)

d)

Mohrs theory

Rankines theory

Maximum stress theory

Maximum shear energy theory

C. Oneendfixeotherfree3. =L

D. One end fixed

other hinged

4. = L

Codes:

A

a) 2

b) 3

c) 2

JH Academy

4

1

4

B

1

2

3

3

4

1

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