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SUB: STRENGTH OF MATERIAL

MODULE-21B

MODULE-21B
Buckling of Column
1. The effective length of a column in a
reinforced concrete building frame, as
per IS: 456-2000, is independent of
the
(a) Frame type i.e., braced
sway) or un-braced (with sway)
(b) Span of the beam
(c) Height of the column
(d) Loads acting on the frame

(no

2. A long structural column (length = L)


with both ends hinged is acted upon
by an axial compressive load, P. The
differential equation governing the
bending of column is given by

where
is the structural lateral
deflection and EI is the flexural
rigidity. The first critical load on
column responsible for its buckling is
given by
(a) 2EI/L2
(b)
EI/L2
2
(c) 2 EI/L2
(d) 4 2EI/L2
3. The buckling load
for the
column AB in the figure, as
KT approaches infinity, become

(a) 0.25 (b)1.00 (c) 2.05 (d) 4.00


4. A steel column, pinned at both ends,
has a buckling load of 200kN. If the
column is restrained against lateral
movement at its mid-height, its
buckling load will be
(A)
200kN (B) 283kN (C)
400kN
(D) 800kN

5. Cross-section of a column consisting


of two steel strips, each of thickness t
and width b is shown in the figure
below. The critical loads of the
column with perfect bond and without
bond between the strips are P and
P0respectively. The ration P/P0 is

, where is equal to

(A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 6 (D) 8


6. A rigid bar GH of length L is
supported by a hinge and a spring of
stiffness K as shown in the figure

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SUB: STRENGTH OF MATERIAL

below. The buckling load, P


bar will be

for the

(A)

0.5 KL

(B)

0.8 KL

(C)

1.0KL

(D)

1.2KL

7. Consider the following statements for


a compression member:
I. The elastic critical stress in
compression increases with decrease
in slenderness ratio
II. The effective length depends on the
boundary conditions at its ends
III. The elastic critical stress in
compression is independent of the
slenderness ratio
IV.
The ratio of the effective
length to its radius of gyration is
called as slenderness ratio
The TRUE statements are
(A) II and III
(B)
III and IV
(C) II, III and IV (D) I, II and
IV
8. The effective length of a column of
length L fixed against rotation and
translation alone end and free al the
other end is
(A)0.5L(B) 0.7 L(C)1. 414L(D) 2L
9. The ratio of the theoretical critical
buckling load for a column with fixed
ends to that of another column with
the same dimensions and material, but
with pinned ends, is equal to
(A) 0.5 (B) 1.0 (C) 2.0 (D) 4.0
10. The sketch shows a column with a pin
at the base and rollers at the top. It is
subjected to an axial force P and a

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MODULE-21B

moment M at mid-height.
reaction(s) at R is/are

The

(A) a vertical force equal to P


(B) a vertical force equal to P/2
(C) a vertical force equal to P and a
horizontal force equal to M/h
(D) a vertical force equal to P/2 and a
horizontal force equal to M/h
11. Two steel columns P (length
and
yield strength
) and Q
(length 2 and yield strength
) have the same crosssections and end-conditions. The ratio
of buckling load of column P to that of
column Q is:
(A) 0.5 (B) 1.0 (C) 2.0 (D) 4.0
12. A column of height H and area at top
A has the same strength throughout its
length, under its own weight and
applied stress
at the top. Density of
column material is . To satisfy the
above condition, the area of the
column at the bottom should be
a)
c) A

b)
d)

13. If the crushing stress in the material of


a mild steel column is 3300kg/
.
Eulers formula for crippling load is
applicable for slenderness ratio equal
to/greater than

SUB: STRENGTH OF MATERIAL

a) 40

b) 50

c)

d) 80

60

14. Which one of the following pairs is


not correctly matched?
Boundary
Conditions of
column
buckling
load
Eulers

MODULE-21B

Codes:
a) Both A and R are true and R is the
correct explanation of A
b) Both A and R are true but R is not
a correct explanation of A
c) A is true but R is false
d) A is false but R is true.
18. A short column of external diameter
and internal diameter
carries
an external load W. for no-tension
condition, the eccentricity will be

a) Pin-pin
b) Fixedend
c) Fixed-free

15. For a circular column having its ends


hinged, the slenderness ratio is 160.
The d ratio of the column is
a) 80

b) 57

c)

d) 20

16. A hollow circular column of internal


diameter d and external diameter
1.5d is subjected to compressive
load. The maximum distance of the
point of application of load from the
centre for no tension is
a) d/8

b) 13d/48

c)

d) 13d/96

d/4

17. Assertion (A): the buckling load for a


column of specified material, crosssection and end conditions calculated
as per Eulers formula varies inversely
with the column length.
Reason(R): Eulers formula takes
into account the end conditions in
determining the effective length of
column.

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b)

c)

d)

d) Fixed-pin

40

a)

19. A column base is subjected to


moment. If the intensity of bearing
pressure due to axial load is equal to
stress due to the moment then the
bearing pressure between the base and
the concrete is
a) Uniform compression throughout
b) Zero at one end and compression
at the other end
c) Tension at one end and
compression at the other end
d) Uniform tension throughout
20. Assertion (A): Rankies theory is
generally used for finding out the
buckling load
of
intermediate
columns.
Reason (R): Eulers theory gives
higher values for buckling loads in
intermediate columns.
Codes:
a) Both A and R are true and R is the
correct explanation of A
b) Both A and R are true but R is not
a correct explanation of A
c) A is true but R is false
d) A is false but R is true.

SUB: STRENGTH OF MATERIAL

21. Which one of the following pairs is


NOT correctly matched?
a) Both ends hinged:
b) Both end fixed:
c) One end fixed and other end free:

MODULE-21B

d) 3

24. A circular column of external diameter


D, and internal diameter d, carries an
eccentric load such that tension is
developed nowhere. What shall be the
diameter of the core?

d) One end fixed and other hinged:

a)
22. The slenderness ratio of a compression
member in the context of Rankies
formula is defined as

b)

c)

d)

25. If the Euler load for a steel column is


1000KN and crushing load is
1500KN, the Rankine load is equal to

a)

b)
c)

a) 2500KN

b) 1500KN

c) 1000KN

d) 600KN

26. For the design of a cast iron member,


the most appropriate theory of failure
is

d)
23. Match list-I(end conditions of
columns)
with
list-II(effective
length, ) and select the correct
answer using the codes given below
the lists:
List-I
List-II
A. Both ends fixed
1. =2L
B. Both ends hinged
2.

a)
b)
c)
d)

Mohrs theory
Rankines theory
Maximum stress theory
Maximum shear energy theory

C. Oneendfixeotherfree3. =L
D. One end fixed
other hinged
4. = L
Codes:
A
a) 2
b) 3
c) 2

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B
1
2
3

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