You are on page 1of 10

Intoduction

Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat


(Public Health)
&
Ilmu Kesehatan Lingkungan
(Environmental Health
Sciences)
3/2/2011

Introudksi PH dan KL
Sumengen Sutomo

Outline
Determinant
KesehatanMasyarakat
Kesehatan lingkungan
Determinan Kesehatan

3/2/2011

Introudksi PH dan KL
Sumengen Sutomo

Definisi
Sehat:
kondisi sehat fisik, mental dan sosial, tidak
hanya bebas dari sakit dan cacat (WHO,1948)

Sehat:
hanya dicapai apabila memiliki SD memenuhi
kebutuhan; lingkungan tempat tingggal dan kerja
aman (gangguan kesehatan, polusi,gangguan,
patogen,hazard) (WHO, 1992)
3/2/2011

Introudksi PH dan KL
Sumengen Sutomo

Lingkungan
Segala sesuatu yang ada di lingkungan
manusia.Dibedakan
Fisik
Biologis
Sosial
Budaya, dll yang mempengaruhi kes
(WHO, 1995)

3/2/2011

Introudksi PH dan KL
Sumengen Sutomo

Kesehatan Lingkungan
Aspek kesehatan termasuk kualitas hidup
yang dipengaruhi oleh lingkungan termasuk
fisik, biologis, sosial, dan psikologi;
Teori dan praktek untuk assess, koreksi,
dan control faktor lingkungan yang potensi
menyebabakan gangguan kesehatan
sekarang dan masa yang akan datang
(WHO 1993)
3/2/2011

Introudksi PH dan KL
Sumengen Sutomo

Model
Determinan Kesehatan
1.
2.
3.

3/2/2011

Triad Agent, Host, Environment (1950)


Environment, Social, Health services, and Herediter (Blum 1974)
Constitutional factors, life styles, and social, psychological,
environment, other factors (Dahlgreen, 1991)

Introudksi PH dan KL
Sumengen Sutomo

The man determinant of Health


(Dahlgreen, G & Whiteheal,M. 1991)

Agriculture
Food products
Education
Environment
Living and working
conditions
Unemployment
Water and sanitation
Health services
Housing
Social and community
network
3/2/2011

Age, Sex,
Constitutional
factors

Life Style Factors

Introudksi PH dan KL
Sumengen Sutomo

The mans determinant of Health


Model Gado-Gado (Sutomo 2006)

Life styles
Life Styles
Agriculture
Food products
Education
Environment
Living and Working
Conditions
Unemployment
Water and
sanitation
Health services
Housing
Social
and
3/2/2011
community network

Age, Sex,
Constitutional
factors

Introudksi PH dan KL
Sumengen Sutomo

Environmental Health
Environmental health comprises of those aspects of human health
including quality of life, that are determined by chemical, physical,
biological, social, and psychological factors in the environment. It
also refers to the theory and practice of assessing , correcting,
controlling and preventing of those factor in the environment that
can potentially affect adversely the health of present and future
generation (WHO)
Theory &Practice
Assess
Correct
Control
Prevent
Physical
Biological
Chemical
Social
Psychological
3/2/2011

Human Health
Quality of Life
Introudksi PH dan KL
Sumengen Sutomo

Kesehatan Lingkungan

Noise

7/27/2016

10