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COLUMN DESIGN FORCES

C-1
Fx
My
Mz
L.C. 1
5805.083
0
0
L.C. 2
4103.734 1853.457
0
L.C. 3
4103.734
0 1631.798
L.C. 4
2969.501 617.819 2175.731
L.C. 5
2118.827 617.819 2991.63

COLUMN INTERACTION DIAGRAM


Given Data:
Dimensions
Width, b =
Breadth, h =
Concrete cover =

650 mm
650 mm
50 mm

Rebars
Main Bar Size =
Transverse Bar Size =
No. of Tension Bars =
No. of Compression Bars =

g = 0.018589

25 mm
12 mm
8
8

Materials:
Concrete, fc' =
Steel, fy =

1 =

28 MPa
414 MPa

0.85

Solution:
Pno =

13120.12 kN
Ast = 7853.981634 mm2
Ac = 414646.0184 mm2

Balanced Condition
d=
c
Ts
Cc
Cs
Pn
Mn
Mno =

575.5 mm

= 340.5325444 mm
= 1625.774198 kN
= 4477.832692 kN
= 1532.311817 kN
= 4384.370311 kN
= 1598.335874 kN-m

d' =
t

74.5 mm
0.00207

857.2304 kN-m
A=
13149.5
B = 636957.9105
C = -175536490
c = 93.83052334 mm
Ts = 1625.774198 kN
Cc = 1233.824467 kN
Cs = 391.9497315 kN
Mn = 857.230378 kN-m

Compression Controls:
15
14
13
12
11
10
Assume c
650 629.3688363 608.73767 588.10651 567.4753 546.8442
Ts = -270.0561 -201.67102 -128.6505 -50.50682 33.31889 123.4697
Cc = 8547.175 8275.885513 8004.596 7733.3065 7462.017 7190.728
Cs = 1532.312 1532.311817 1532.3118 1532.3118 1532.312 1532.312

Pn = 10349.54 10009.86835 9665.5584 9316.1252 8961.01 8599.57


Mn = 732.8698 809.3399266 882.21372 951.61342 1017.679 1080.572
Tension Controls:
Assume c
Ts
Cc
Cs
Pn
Mn

1
2
315.8623 291.1921402
1625.774 1625.774198
4153.432 3829.031047
1532.312 1532.311817
4059.969 3735.568666
1583.403 1561.667545

3
266.52194
1625.7742
3504.6302
1532.3118
3411.1678
1533.1295

4
241.85174
1625.7742
3180.2294
1532.3118
3086.767
1497.7889

5
217.1815
1625.774
2855.829
1454.484
2684.539
1436.15

6
192.5113
1625.774
2531.428
1350.908
2256.561
1361.258

Mn
0
732.8698
809.3399
882.2137
951.6134
1017.679
1080.572
1140.477
1197.613
1252.233
1304.636
1355.175
1404.274
1452.444
1500.306
1548.62
1598.336
1583.403
1561.668
1533.13
1497.789
1436.15
1361.258
1271.937
1164.242
1030.949
857.2304

= 0.65
Mn
Pn
0 6822.4643
476.36539 6727.2029
526.07095 6506.4144
573.43892 6282.6129
618.54872 6055.4814
661.49134 5824.6565
702.37149 5589.7203
741.31031 5350.1892
778.44871 5105.5007
813.95156 4854.9966
848.01308 4597.9017
880.86355 4333.2965
912.77824 4060.0823
944.08881 3776.935
975.19863 3482.2443
1006.6033 3174.0321
1038.9183 2849.8407
1029.2119 2638.9802
1015.0839 2428.1196
996.53418 2217.2591
973.56279 2006.3986
933.49745 1744.9502
884.81787 1466.765
826.75885 1168.7883
756.75751 840.78906
670.11679 464.01659
557.19975
0

=
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.683787
0.7233
0.770127
0.826508
0.895697
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9
0.9

Mn
0
476.3654
526.071
573.4389
618.5487
661.4913
702.3715
741.3103
778.4487
813.9516
848.0131
880.8636
912.7782
944.0888
975.1986
1006.603
1038.918
1082.711
1129.554
1180.705
1237.934
1286.355
1225.132
1144.743
1047.818
927.854
771.5073

=
=
=
=
=
t 0.002466 0.002929075 0.0034779 0.0041387 0.00495 0.005968
= 0.683787 0.723299903 0.7701272 0.8265078 0.895697
0.9

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

Pn
13120.12363
10349.54295
10009.86835
9665.558367
9316.12517
8961.00998
8599.569691
8231.06034
7854.616532
7469.225604
7073.69491
6666.609978
6246.280416
5810.669187
5357.298952
4883.126307
4384.370311
4059.969488
3735.568666
3411.167843
3086.767021
2684.538724
2256.561476
1798.135774
1293.521633
713.8716816
0

0.10 fc' Ag =
Given:

1183 kN

Pu =

2000

3000

1500

Mu =

500

600

900

e=
Row 1
Row 2
Pn1 =

0.25
14
15

0.2
11
12

0.6
22
23

3776.93

4597.90

2404.53

Pn2 =

3482.24

4333.30

2030.91

e1 =

0.24996

0.18443

0.53497

e2 =

0.28005

0.20328

0.60324

Pn =

3776.56
0.530
(Safe)

4379.33
0.685
(Safe)

2048.66
0.732
(Safe)

D/C Ratio =
Remarks =

(Ok)

9
526.213
220.6896
6919.438
1532.312

8
505.5819
325.8439
6648.149
1532.312

7
6
5
4
3
2
484.9507 464.3195 443.6884 423.0572 402.426 381.7949
439.9453 564.1865 699.982 849.022 1013.344 1195.425
6376.859 6105.57 5834.28 5562.991 5291.701 5020.412
1532.312 1532.312 1532.312 1532.312 1532.312 1532.312

8231.06 7854.617 7469.226 7073.695 6666.61 6246.28 5810.669 5357.299


1140.477 1197.613 1252.233 1304.636 1355.175 1404.274 1452.444 1500.306

7
167.8411
1625.774
2207.027
1216.883
1798.136
1271.937

8
143.1709
1625.774
1882.626
1036.67
1293.522
1164.242

9
118.5007
1625.774
1558.225
781.4206
713.8717
1030.949

10
93.83052
1625.774
1233.824
391.9497
0
857.2304

0.007287 0.009059
0.9
0.9

0.01157
0.9

0.0154
0.9

Pn
6822.464
6727.203
6506.414
6282.613
6055.481
5824.656
5589.72
5350.189
5105.501
4854.997
4597.902
4333.296
4060.082
3776.935
3482.244
3174.032
2849.841
2776.156
2701.936
2627.033
2551.237
2404.534
2030.905
1618.322
1164.169
642.4845
0

e = M/P
0
0.0708
0.0809
0.0913
0.1021
0.1136
0.1257
0.1386
0.1525
0.1677
0.1844
0.2033
0.2248
0.2500
0.2800
0.3171
0.3646
0.3900
0.4181
0.4494
0.4852
0.5350
0.6032
0.7074
0.9001
1.4442
999999

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

14000

12000

1
361.1637
1398.308
4749.122
1532.312

10000

8000

6000

10000

4883.126
1548.62

8000

6000

4000

2000

0
0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

Chart Title
8000
7000
6000
5000
Axis Title

4000
3000
2000
1000
0
0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

1000

1200

1400

1600

tle

Column K

1000

1200

1400

1800

COLUMN INTERACTION DIAG


Given Data:
Dimensions
Width, b =
Breadth, h =
Concrete cover =

425 mm
425 mm
50 mm

Rebars

Given:

Main Bar Size =

25 mm

Fx =

Transverse Bar Size =

12 mm

My =

No. of Bars =

Mz =

D/C =
Materials:
Concrete, fc' =
Steel, fy =
g =
MAX D/C =

36 MPa
415 MPa

2.17%
0.961

Chart T

(Ok)
(Ok)

4000
3500
3000
2500
AXIAL FORCE (kN)

2000
1500
1000
500
0
0

Solution:
Pno =

7036.66 kN
1 =

Ast = 3926.990817 mm2


Ac = 176698.0092 mm2
Balanced Condition
d=
c
Cc
S1
S2
S3
Pn
Mn

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

350.5 mm
207.1921182 mm
-2174.87347 kN
611.1379459 kN
15.09034453 kN
-520.804693 kN
2069.449868 kN
436.5126944 kN-m

d' =
t

74.5
0.002075

50

10

Mno =

293.3087 kN-m
A = 10496.89286
B = 816421.3909
C = -190999016
c = 101.4968209 mm
Ts1 = 611.1379459 kN
Ts2 = 407.4252973 kN
Cc = 1065.401254 kN
Cs = 189.9565722 kN
Mn = 293.308678 kN-m

Compression Controls:
15
Assume c
425
Ts1 = -154.8851
Ts2 = -264.4828
Cc = 4461.179
Cs = 566.0757
Pn = 5446.623
Mn = 239.573

14
13
12
410.4794745 395.95895 381.43842
-129.108137 -101.44056 -71.666492
-254.064167 -242.88136 -230.84714
4308.759064 4156.3387 4003.9183
566.0757263 566.07573 566.07573
5258.007095 5066.7363 4872.5076
262.1333331 283.16818 302.70734

11
366.9179
-39.53585
-217.8604
3851.4979
566.07573
4674.9699
320.78531

2
186.0530588
611.1379459
83.73167534
1952.979023
484.7074281
1742.81683
419.5939096

3
175.48353
611.13795
124.25383
1842.0318
463.39754
1570.0376
409.26471

4
164.914
611.13795
169.97022
1731.0846
439.3561
1389.3325
397.61205

5
154.34447
611.13795
221.94793
1620.1374
412.02194
1199.0734
384.55849

Pn
7036.66027
5446.62316
5258.007095
5066.736311
4872.507628
4674.969877
4473.714006
4268.26065
4058.044335
3842.393242
3620.502969
3391.402132

= 0.65
Mn
Pn
0 3659.0633
155.72245 3540.3051
170.38667 3417.7046
184.05932 3293.3786
196.75977
3167.13
208.51045 3038.7304
219.3375 2907.9141
229.27153 2774.3694
238.34867 2637.7288
246.61184 2497.5556
254.11241 2353.3269
260.91245 2204.4114

=
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65

Tension Controls:
Assume c
Ts1
Ts2
Cc
Cs
Pn
Mn

1
196.6226
611.1379
47.56609
2063.926
503.7263
1908.948
428.6604

=
=
=
=
=
=
t 0.002348 0.002651614 0.002992 0.0033761 0.0038127
= 0.673317 0.699283215 0.7283774 0.7612009 0.7985199

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Mn
0
239.573
262.1333
283.1682
302.7073
320.7853
337.4423
352.7254
366.6903
379.4028
390.9422
401.4038

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

410.904
419.5861
426.7712
431.8813
436.5127
428.6604
419.5939
409.2647
397.612
384.5585
370.0038
353.816
335.8175
315.7639
293.3087

3153.906659
2906.558212
2641.325684
2350.095184
2069.449868
1908.948483
1742.81683
1570.037563
1389.33252
1199.073427
997.1532035
780.796001
570.4819569
408.910141
236.7945829

267.08759
272.73098
277.40129
280.72283
283.73325
278.62929
272.73604
266.02206
258.44783
249.96302
240.50248
229.9804
218.28139
205.24652
190.65064

2050.0393
1889.2628
1716.8617
1527.5619
1345.1424
1240.8165
1132.8309
1020.5244
903.06614
779.39773
648.14958
507.5174
370.81327
265.79159
153.91648

0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.673317
0.6992832
0.7283774
0.7612009
0.7985199
0.841326
0.8909251
0.9
0.9
0.9

0.10 fc' Ag =
650.25 kN
LC1
LC2
LC3
LC4
e = 0.103161929 0.2526052 0.2466228 0.0081911
Row 1
10
19
19
1
Row 2
11
20
20
2
Pn1 =
2497.56
1218.72
1218.72
3659.06
Pn2 =
2353.33
1143.58
1143.58
3540.31
e1 =
0.09874
0.24076
0.24076
0.00000
e2 =

0.10798

0.26067

0.26067

0.04399

Pny =

2428.54

1174.02

1196.59

3636.95

e = 0.006022836 0.0298946 0.0223037 0.2974357


Row 1
1
1
1
21
Row 2
2
2
2
22
Pn1 =
3659.1
3659.1
3659.1
1057.6
Pn2 =
3540.3
3540.3
3540.3
957.5
e1 =
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
0.28619
e2 =
0.04399
0.04399
0.04399
0.32071
Pnz =
3642.8
3578.3
3598.8
1025.0
Pn =
D/C =

2138.4
0.586
LC1

1095.8
0.892
LC2

1117.4
0.897
LC3

969.0
0.961
LC4

TERACTION DIAGRAM

CE (kN)

LC1

LC2

LC3

LC4

LC5

1252.4

976.9

1002.3

931.26

925.6

-129.2

246.77

-247.19

7.628

7.804

7.543
0.586

29.204
-22.355
0.892
0.897

276.99
-276.81
0.961
0.959

Chart Title
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
0

50

100

150

200

MOMENT (kN-m)

0.8071429

mm

250

300

350

10
352.39737
-4.75732
-203.8035
3699.0775
566.07573
4473.714
337.44231

9
337.8768
33.01048
-188.5383
3546.657
566.0757
4268.261
352.7254

8
323.3563
74.17025
-171.9022
3394.237
566.0757
4058.044
366.6903

7
308.8358
119.2004
-153.7017
3241.816
566.0757
3842.393
379.4028

6
294.3153
168.6739
-133.7053
3089.396
566.0757
3620.503
390.9422

6
143.77494
611.13795
281.56786
1509.1901
380.66887
997.1532
370.00381

7
133.2054
611.1379
350.6492
1398.243
344.3402
780.796
353.816

8
122.6359
611.1379
407.4253
1287.296
301.7495
570.482
335.8175

9
112.0664
611.1379
407.4253
1176.348
251.1249
408.9101
315.7639

10
101.4968
611.1379
407.4253
1065.401
189.9566
236.7946
293.3087

0.0043135 0.004894 0.005574 0.006383


0.841326 0.890925
0.9
0.9

0.00736
0.9

Mn
0
155.72245
170.38667
184.05932
196.75977
208.51045
219.3375
229.27153
238.34867
246.61184
254.11241
260.91245

Pn
3659.063
3540.305
3417.705
3293.379
3167.13
3038.73
2907.914
2774.369
2637.729
2497.556
2353.327
2204.411

e = M/P
0
0.0440
0.0499
0.0559
0.0621
0.0686
0.0754
0.0826
0.0904
0.0987
0.1080
0.1184

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

5
279.7947
223.2824
-111.6334
2936.975
566.0757
3391.402
401.4038

4
265.2742
283.8692
-87.14511
2784.555
566.0757
3153.907
410.904

3
250.7537
351.4729
-59.82075
2632.135
566.0757
2906.558
419.5861

267.08759
272.73098
277.40129
280.72283
283.73325
288.62436
293.41498
298.09916
302.66265
307.07762
311.29382
315.22356
302.23578
284.18749
263.97781

LC5
0.0084313
1
2
3659.06
3540.31
0.00000
0.04399
3636.30
0.2990601
21
22
1057.6
957.5
0.28619
0.32071
1020.3
964.8
0.959
LC5

2050.039
1889.263
1716.862
1527.562
1345.142
1285.327
1218.723
1143.58
1057.561
957.484
838.9309
695.6307
513.4338
368.0191
213.1151

0.1303
0.1444
0.1616
0.1838
0.2109
0.2246
0.2408
0.2607
0.2862
0.3207
0.3711
0.4531
0.5887
0.7722
999999

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

2
236.2332
427.3874
-29.1373
2479.714
559.8615
2641.326
426.7712

1
221.7126
513.2455
5.565225
2327.294
541.6121
2350.095
431.8813