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# ECE 50: SIGNALS, SPECTRA, AND SIGNAL PROCESSING

DESCRIPTION :

This course deals with Fourier transform; z transform; convolution, FIR filters, IIR
filters; random signal analysis; correlation functions; DFT; FFT; spectral analysis;
applications of signal processing to speech, image, etc.

INSTRUCTOR :

## Engr. Franklin Rey A. Pacquiao, PECE

Email: franklinreypacquiao@yahoo.com

CREDIT UNITS :

3 Units (3 Hours per Week Lecture) & 1 Unit (3 Hours per Week Lab)

PREREQUISITE

:
Probability and Statistics

REFERENCE
Proakis

GENERAL
OBJECTIVES

:

## Upon completion of the course, the student must be able to conceptualize,

analyze and design signals, spectra and signal processing system.
COURSE OUTLINE

INTRODUCTION
Signals, Systems, and Signal Processing
Classification of Signals
The Concept of Frequency in Continuous-Time and Discrete-Time Signals
Analog-to-Digital and Digital-to-Analog Conversion
DISCRETE-TIME SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS
Discrete-Time Signals
Discrete Time Systems
Analysis of Discrete-Time Linear Time-Invariant Systems
Discrete-Time Systems Described by Difference Equations
Implementation of Discrete-Time Systems
Correlation of Discrete-Time Signals
THE Z-TRANSFORM AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE ANALYSIS OF LTI SYSTEMS
The z-Transform
Properties of the z-Transform
Rational z-Transforms
Inversion of the z-Transform
The One-sided z-Transform
Analysis of Linear Time-Invariant Systems in the z-Domain
FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS
Frequency Analysis of Continuous-Time Signals
Frequency Analysis of Discrete-Time Signals
Properties of the Fourier Transform for Discrete-Time Signals
Frequency-Domain Characteristics of Linear Time-Invariant Systems
Linear Time-Invariant Systems as Frequency Selective Filters
Inverse Systems and Deconvolution
THE DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM: ITS PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
Frequency Domain Sampling
Properties of the DFT
Linear Filtering Methods Based on the DFT
Frequency Analysis of Signals Using the DFT
EFFICIENT COMPUTATION OF THE DFT: FAST FOURIER TRANSFORM ALGORITHMS
Efficient Computation of the DFT: FFT Algorithms
Applications of FFT Algorithms
A Linear Filtering Approach to Computation of the DFT
Quantization Effects in the Computation of the DFT
IMPLEMENTATION
Structures
Structures
Structures

OF
for
for
for

DISCRETE-TIME SYSTEMS
the Realization of Discrete-Time Systems
FIR Systems
IIR Systems

## State-Space System Analysis and Structures

Representation of Numbers
Quantization of Filter Coefficients
Round-off Effects in Digital Filters

## DESIGN OF DIGITAL FILTERS

General Considerations
Design of FIR Filters
Design of IIR Filters From Analog Filters
Frequency Transformations
Design of Digital Filters Based on Least-Squares Method
SAMPLING AND RECONSTRUCTION OF SIGNALS
Sampling of Bandpass Signals
Analog-to-Digital Conversion
Digital-to-Analog Conversion
CLASS POLICIES:

All homework must be submitted before the start of the class. Late submission of homework
will not be accepted.
All tests are closed book and notes.
No student will be allowed to take the Final Exam without the Examination Permit.
Please be reminded that the University has a strict policy against cheating.
To maintain order in the classroom all are enjoined to turn their mobile phones to silent
mode whenever they come to class. Failure to do so resulting in the disruption of classes
and/or exams shall subject the student to strong reprimand from the instructor.

MG = 45%ME + 10%A + 45%Class Performance (quizzes, seatwork, homework, etc.)
FTG = 45%SFE + 10%A + 45%Class Performance (quizzes, seatwork, homework, etc.)
LEC = 1/3 MG + 1/3 FTG + 1/3 FE
LAB = 2/3 EXP + 1/3 PROJ
FG = 3/4 LEC + 1/4 LAB
PERCENTAGE
100 - 95
94 - 90
89 - 85
84 - 80
79 - 75
74 and below

1.0
1.1 - 1.5
1.6 - 2.0
2.1 2.5
2.6 3.0
FAILED

Prepared by:

## Franklin Rey A. Pacquiao, PECE

Instructor, ECE 50

Approved by:

## Lloyd Jhon B. Estampa, MSEcE

Chair, ECE Department

I understand and pledge to comply with the statements mentioned above. Without any doubt, I will do my best to follow
and do my job for the betterment of my education here in the College of Engineering.
So help me God.
________________________
Signature over Printed Name
______________
Date