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ANTENA MIKROSTRIP DUAL PATCH RECTANGULAR UNTUK

APLIKASI WIFI (WIRELESS FIDELITY) DI FREUENSI 2.4 GHZ


Muhammad Nur Tri Yuliarto (1313030031)
TEKNIK TELEKOMUNIKASI TEKNIK ELEKTRO
POLITEKNIK NEGERI JAKARTA

ABSTRAK
Teknologi Wi-fi dalam kehidupan dimasa ini tentunya merupakan suatu kebutuhan
tersendiri bagi beberapa kalangan karena Wi-fi memberikan kemudahan untuk
bertukar data secara nirkabel. Dalam memaksimalkan kinerja teknologi ini tentunya
Wi-fi harus ditunjang oleh perangkat yang baik, salah satunya adalah antenna. Kali
ini akan dirancang suatu antenna mikrostrip dual patch rectangular untuk menunjang
kinerja Wi-fi. Antena mikrostrip ini diharapkan memiliki VSWR<2 serta return loss
<-10 kemudian memiliki gain yang baik sehingga dirasa mampu untuk menguatkan
pancaran antenna untuk bekerja pada frekuensi 2.4 GHz. Keuntungan sederhana yang
dimiliki oleh antenna mikrostrip adalah bentuk fisiknya yang kecil dan juga ramping
tidak akan memerlukan tempat yang besar untuk penempatannya.

Kata kunci : Mikrostrip, Wi-fi (Wireless Fidelity),Gain, VSWR, Return Loss


DAFTAR ISI
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ABSTRAK ...............................................................................................................i
DAFTAR ISI ............................................................................................................ii
DAFTAR GAMBAR ...............................................................................................iv
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1

Latar Belakang

1.2

Rumusan Masalah ..........................................................................................2

1.3.

Tujuan

..........................................................................................1

.........................................................................................................2

BAB II DASAR TEORI


2.1

Pengertian Wifi ................................................................................................3

2.2

Sejarah Wifi .....................................................................................................3

2.3 Kelebihan Wifi ..................................................................................................6


2.4

Kekurangan Wifi ..............................................................................................7

2.5

Pengertian Antena ............................................................................................8

2.6

Antena Mikrostrip ............................................................................................8

2.7

Parameter Antena Mikrostrip ...........................................................................10


2.7.1 Bandwidth ...............................................................................................11
2.7.2 VSWR (Voltage Wave Standing Ratio)....................................................12
2.7.3 Penguatan (Gain) ....................................................................................13
2.7.4 Return Loss .............................................................................................13
2.7.5 Directivity................................................................................................14

2.8

Antena Mikrostrip Rectangular ........................................................................15

BAB III PEMBAHASAN


3.1 Karakeristik Antena.............................................................................................18
3.2 Perancangan Dimensi.........................................................................................18
3.2.1
3.2.2
. 3.2.3
3.2.4

Memilih Substrat ...................................................................................18


Menentukan Ukuran Patch ....................................................................18
Menentukan Jarak Antar Patch...............................................................20
Menentukan Lebar Saluran Transmisi ...................................................20

3.2.5

Menentukan Panjang Gelombang..........................................................20

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3.3 . Perancangan Dengan CST STUDIO 2011......................................................21


3.3.1

Langkah-langkah Merancang Antena dengan CST STUDIO 2011.......21

3.4 Hasil Pengujian ..............................................................................................35


3.4.1.

S-Parameter ...........................................................................................35

3.4.2

VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio)..................................................35

3.4.3

Pola Radiasi ...........................................................................................36

3.5 Pembahasan ....................................................................................................37


BAB IV PENUTUP
Kesimpulan................................................................................................................38
DAFTAR PUSTAKA

DAFTAR GAMBAR

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Gambar 2.1 Struktur Dasar Antena Mikrostrip...................................................9


Gambar 2.2 Macam-macam Bentuk Patch...........................................................9
Gambar 2.3 Rentang Frekuensi yang Menjadi Bandwidth.................................11
Gambar 2.4 Antena Mikrostrip Rectangular........................................................15
Gambar 3.3.1 Tampilan Awal CST.........................................................................21
Gambar 3.3.2 Memilih Jenis Antena......................................................................22
Gambar 3.3.3 ...........................................................................................................22
Gambar 3.3.4 Tampilan Local Cordinate .............................................................23
Gambar 3.3.5 Parameter Antena ...........................................................................23
Gambar 3.3.6 Parameter PCB ...............................................................................24
Gambar 3.3.7 Tampilan Pick Face.........................................................................24
Gambar 3.3.8 Icon Extrude dan Parameter .........................................................25
Gambar 3.3.9 Tampilan Belakang PCB ................................................................25
Gambar 3.3.10 Hasil Transform ............................................................................26
Gambar 3.3.11 Parameter Patch dan Hasil ..........................................................27
Gambar 3.3.12 Tampilan 2 Patch ..........................................................................27
Gambar 3.3.13 Parameter Cutting ........................................................................28
Gambar 3.3.14 Hasil Cutting .................................................................................28
Gambar 3.3.15 Parameter Saluran Patch 1 ..........................................................29
Gambar 3.3.16 Tampilan Saluran Patch 1 ............................................................29
Gambar 3.3.17 Parameter dan Tampilan Wzo .....................................................30
Gambar 3.3.18 Parameter dan Tampilan WzL .....................................................31
Gambar 3.3.19 Hasil Boolean Add ........................................................................32
Gambar 3.3.20 Tampilan Pick Face saluran ........................................................32

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Gambar 3.3.21 Kalkulasi Waveguide Port ...........................................................33


Gambar 3.3.22 Tampilan Field Monitor ...............................................................34
Gambar 3.3.23 Rentang Frekuensi ........................................................................34
Gambar 3.3.24 Icon Transient Solbver .................................................................34
Gambar 3.4.1 S-Parameter ....................................................................................35
Gambar 3.4.2 VSWR ..............................................................................................35
Gambar 3.4.3 Pola Radiasi 3D................................................................................36
Gambar 3.4.4 Pola Radiasi Polar ..........................................................................37

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